- 1 Material and Non‐Material Culture
- 2 Culture definition
- 3 material culture
- 4 Language: The Essence of Culture
- 5 Chapter 8: The Characteristics of Culture
- 6 Culture Linked to Geography
- 7 Identifying Examples of Cultures Around You
- 8 Recognizing Examples of Culture
- 9 Culture Shock
- 10 Understanding Culture
Material and Non‐Material Culture
Sociologists distinguish between two parts of human culture that are intertwined: the physical objects of culture and the concepts that are linked with these items. When individuals talk about material culture, they are referring to the actual things, resources, and locations that they utilize to define their culture. Homes, neighborhoods, cities, schools, churches, synagogues, temples, mosques, offices, factories and plants, tools, means of production, commodities and products, stores, and so on are all examples of what is included in this category of objects.
In the United States, for example, technology is a critical component of contemporary material culture.
When we speak about nonmaterial culture, we are referring to the nonphysical concepts that individuals have about their culture.
For example, the non-material cultural concept of religion is comprised of a collection of concepts and beliefs about God, worship, values, and ethics that are not based in material culture.
A culture’s employment of numerous processes to form its members’ thoughts, feelings, and actions is considered nonmaterial culture by sociologists.
- Individual and group striving over generations has resulted in a group of people accumulating a vast store of knowledge and experience, as well as beliefs and values, attitudes, and meanings. Culture includes hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relationships, concepts of the universe, as well as material objects and possessions. In general, culture refers to the systems of knowledge that are shared by a reasonably significant number of individuals. Cultural expressions are communicated, and cultural expressions are communicated
- Culture, in its broadest meaning, is cultivated behavior
- That is, it is the sum of a person’s learned, collected experience that is passed down through social transmission, or, to put it another way, it is conduct acquired through social learning. A culture is a way of life for a group of people-the behaviors, beliefs, values, and symbols that they accept, typically without questioning them, and that are passed down from one generation to the next through communication and imitation. Culture is a means of communicating symbolically. Skills, knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and motivations of a group are just a few of the symbols that may be used. The meanings of symbols are taught and purposefully preserved in a culture through the institutions of that society
- And Culture consists of patterns of and for behavior acquired and transmitted by symbols, which constitute the distinctive achievement of human groups, including their embodiment in artifacts
- The essential core of culture consists of traditional ideas and especially their attached values
- Culture systems may be considered on the one hand as products of action, and on the other hand as conditioning influences upon further action
- As defined by the United Nations, culture is “the sum total of the learned behaviors by a group of people that are widely recognized to be the tradition of that group of people and are transferred from generation to generation.” In other words, culture is a collective programming of the mind that separates the members of one group or category of people from the members of another group or category of people.
- Human nature, according to this viewpoint, is determined by the ideas, meanings, beliefs, and values that people learn as members of society. People are defined by the lessons they have learned. Optimistic versions of cultural determinism believe that human beings have the ability to accomplish and be whatever they desire regardless of their environment. According to some anthropologists, there is no universally acceptable “correct way” to be a human being. While the “right method” is usually always “our way,” it is virtually never the case that “our way” in one civilization will be the same as “our way” in any other society. It is only through tolerance that a well-informed human being can maintain a proper attitude. The optimistic version of this theory holds that human nature is infinitely malleable and that human beings can choose the ways of life that they prefer
- The pessimistic version holds that people are what they have been conditioned to be and that they have no control over this. Human beings are passive animals that do whatever their culture instructs them to do, regardless of their actions. In response to this theory, behaviorism is developed, which places the reasons of human behavior in a world that is completely beyond human control.
- Different cultural groupings have distinct ways of thinking, feeling, and acting. There are no scientific standards that can be used to determine whether one group is essentially superior or inferior in comparison to another. The study of cultural variations across people and cultures implies the acceptance of a cultural relativism viewpoint. Neither for oneself nor for one’s society does it represent a return to normalcy. If one is interacting with groups or communities that are not similar to one’s own, it is necessary to exercise caution. Information regarding the nature of cultural differences across cultures, their origins, and effects should be obtained before making any decisions or taking any action. Parties that grasp the causes for their differences in opinions have a better chance of achieving a successful outcome in negotiations
- In ethnocentrism, the conviction that one’s own culture is superior than that of other civilizations is asserted over time. It is a type of reductionism in which one lowers the “other way” of living to a distorted version of one’s own way of existence. This is especially significant in the case of international business transactions, when a corporation or a person may be under the impression that techniques, materials, or ideas that worked in the home country will likewise work in the foreign country. Consequently, environmental variations are not taken into consideration. Ethnocentrism may be classified into the following categories when it comes to international business transactions:
- A preoccupation with specific cause-and-effect correlations in one’s own nation causes important elements in business to be disregarded. In order to ensure that all major factors have been at least considered while working abroad, it is always a good idea to consult checklists of human variables. Even though one may be aware of the environmental differences and problems associated with change, one’s primary focus may be on achieving objectives that are specific to one’s home country. A corporation or an individual’s efficacy in terms of worldwide competitiveness may be diminished as a result of this. The objectives defined for global operations should likewise be global in scope
- While it is acknowledged that there are differences, it is expected that the accompanying modifications are so fundamental that they can be accomplished without difficulty. An examination of the costs and benefits of the planned modifications is always a good idea before proceeding. A change may cause significant disruption to essential values, and as a result, it may encounter opposition when it is attempted to be implemented. Depending on the change, the costs of implementing the change may outweigh the advantages received from implementing the change.
EXAMPLES OF CULTURAL MANIFESTATIONS Cultural differences present themselves in a variety of ways and to varying degrees of depth in different contexts. Symbols are the most surface representations of culture, while ideals represent the most profound manifestations of culture, with heroes and rituals filling in the gaps.
- Symbols are words, actions, pictures, or things that convey a specific meaning that can only be understood by people who are familiar with a certain culture or tradition. New symbols are readily created, but old symbols are quickly demolished. Symbols from one particular group are frequently imitated by other groups as well. This is why symbols are considered to be the most superficial layer of a society
- Heroes are individuals, whether historical or contemporary, real or imaginary, who exemplify attributes that are highly regarded in a community. They also serve as examples for appropriate behavior
- Rituals are group activities that, while often redundant in terms of achieving intended results, are thought to be socially necessary in order to maintain social order. Therefore, they are carried out most of the time just for their own sake (as in ways of greeting others, showing respect to others, religious and social rites, etc.)
- Values serve as the foundation of a society’s culture. They are broad inclinations for preferring one state of affairs above another in comparison to other states of affairs (good-evil, right-wrong, natural-unnatural). Many values are held by people who are completely unaware of them. As a result, they are frequently unable to be addressed, nor can they be immediately viewed by others. It is only through seeing how people behave in different situations that we may deduce their values. Symbols, heroes, and rituals are the physical or visual parts of a culture’s activities that are visible to the general public. When practices are understood by insiders, the real cultural meaning of the practices is disclosed
- Otherwise, the practices remain intangible and remain hidden.
The manifestation of culture at various levels of depth is seen in Figure 1: LAYERS OF CULTURE Within oneself, even people from the same culture, there are multiple levels of mental conditioning to contend with. At the following levels of development, several layers of culture may be found:
- The national level is one that is associated with the entire nation
- On the regional level: This refers to the disparities that exist between ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups within a country. When it comes to gender disparities (male vs. female), the gender level is associated with these differences. It is associated with the disparities between grandparents and parents, as well as between parents and children at the generational level. It is associated with educational chances as well as inequalities in occupational prospects. The corporate level: This level is associated with the specific culture of a given organization. Those who are employed are covered by this provision.
MOUNTING CULTURAL DIFFERENCESA variable can be operationalized using either single-measure or multivariate methodologies, depending on the situation. After the domain of a concept has been empirically sampled, a single-measure technique is used to measure its domain; a composite-measure technique is used to construct an index for the concept after several indicators have been used to measure its domain after the concept has been empirically sampled.
According to Hofstede (1997), a composite-measure approach has been developed to quantify cultural differences across various societies:
- It assesses the degree of inequality that occurs in a society using a power distance index. UCAI (Uncertainty Avoidance Index): This index evaluates the extent to which a society perceives itself to be threatened by uncertain or ambiguous situations. Individualism index: The index measures how individualistic a society is in comparison to other societies. Individuals are expected to look for themselves and their immediate families exclusively, which is what individualism is all about in a society where people are expected to look after themselves and their immediate families only. In contrast, collectivism is a social framework in which people distinguish between in-groups and out-groups, and they expect their in-groups (relatives, clans, organizations, etc.) to look after them in exchange for their complete loyalty. Specifically, the index measures the extent to which the dominant values are assertiveness, money, and things (achievement), and that the dominant values are not caring for others or for the quality of life. Womanhood (in a romantic relationship) would be on the other end of the scale.
CULTURAL DIFFERENCES ARE BEING RECONCILIATED Consciousness of one’s cultural heritage:
- Before embarking on a worldwide assignment, it is likely that it will be important to ascertain any cultural differences that may exist between one’s own nation and the country in which the business will be conducted or conducted. Where there are differences, it is necessary to determine whether and to what extent the practices of one’s native nation can be adapted to the foreign setting. The majority of the time, the alterations are not immediately noticeable or palpable. Certain features of a culture may be learnt consciously (for example, different ways of greeting people), while other differences may be learned unconsciously (for example, different ways of dressing) (e.g. methods of problem solving). The development of cultural awareness may not be a simple process, but once completed, it will unquestionably aid in the completion of a work efficiently in a foreign setting. Discussions and reading about different cultures absolutely aid in the development of cultural awareness, but the perspectives expressed must be carefully weighed before they are shared. Sometimes they represent incorrect prejudices, a judgment of merely a subset of a certain group of individuals, or a circumstance that has since experienced significant changes. It’s usually a good idea to obtain a variety of perspectives on a single culture.
Cultures grouped together:
- Some nations may have many characteristics in common that contribute to the formation of their cultures (the modifiers may be language, religion, geographical location, etc.). Based on the information gathered from previous cross-cultural research, nations can be classified according to their shared values and attitudes. When travelling inside a cluster, less changes are likely to be observed than when going from one cluster to another.
Determine the amount of global participation by asking the following questions:
- It is not necessary for all businesses operating on a global scale to have the same level of cultural knowledge. Figure 2 depicts the extent to which a company’s understanding of global cultures is required at various levels of participation. The further a firm progresses away from its primary duty of conducting domestic business, the greater the need it has for cultural awareness and understanding. The necessity of increasing cultural awareness as a result of expanding outward on more than one axis at the same time becomes even more apparent.
Figure 2: Cultural Awareness and the Degree to Which the World Is Involved G. Hofstede is cited as a source (1997). Cultures and organizations are like software for the human brain. McGraw-Hill Education, New York. Here are a few recent publications. Firms Considering Expanding Into New Markets Face Culture Shock. However, the temptation of reconstruction contracts in locations such as Afghanistan and Iraq may tempt some corporations to take on more risk than they are prepared to take on in the United States.
- However, the tremendous rehabilitation of countries damaged by conflict has the potential to trip up even the most experienced among them.
- Language and cultural differences must also be taken into consideration.
- The United States government’s conference on reconstructing Afghanistan, held in Chicago last week, went a long way toward identifying prospects in the country.
- The first lesson is to abandon ethnocentric beliefs that the world should adjust to our style of doing business rather than the other way around, as is commonly done.
- Chinese representatives provided a wealth of information to U.S.
- The qualities of patience, attention, and sensitivity are not commonly associated with building, but they may be beneficial in cultures that are different from our own.
- [ENR (2003).
- [New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.] Do We See Things the Same Way?
- These studies show that taking cultural variations into account when utilizing observation techniques in cross-cultural research, as well as in practical contexts such as performance assessment and international management, is crucial.
- Culture has an important role in research and management, according to the findings of this study.
[Karakowsky, LiKarakowsky] (2001). Do We See Things the Same Way? The Implications of Cultural Differences for Research and Practice in Cross-Cultural Management The Journal of Psychology, volume 135 number 5, pages 501-517.]
HomeLifestyles Concerning Social Issues Sociology Material culture, tools, weapons, utensils, machinery, ornaments, art, structures, monuments, written records, religious imagery, clothes, and any other ponderable items made or utilized by people are all included in this definition. If all human people on the face of the planet were to cease to exist, nonmaterial parts of civilization would be extinguished along with them. However, evidence of material culture would continue to be there until it was completely destroyed.
- The fact that the effect of material culture has differed from society to civilization appears to be undeniable.
- The Industrial Revolution, the second big revolution in technology since the Renaissance, began about 1800 and was centered on the harnessing of energy from coal, oil, gas, and heat for use in manufacturing processes.
- Educate yourself about the first atomic bombs that were tested and used during World War II.
- On August 6 and 9, 1945, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing an estimated 210,000 people each time.
- Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.
- Michael Ray has made several revisions and updates to this article in the most recent version.
Language: The Essence of Culture
Kelsey Holmes, Greenheart Club Program Assistant, contributed to this article. “If culture were a home, language would be the key to the front door, as well as the key to all of the rooms within.” — Khaled Hosseini, author and physician of Afghan descent who lives in the United States. One of the most significant aspects of every culture is the use of language. It is the method through which individuals connect with one another, form relationships, and foster a sense of belonging. There are around 6,500 spoken languages in the world today, each of which is distinct in a variety of ways from the others.
- During the early stages of language development, distinct cultural groupings used sounds to piece together common understandings.
- In intercultural communication, social reality is produced, maintained, repaired, and modified via the use of symbolic symbols and processes.
- Take a look at the picture below, which illustrates how language has changed over time!
- Culture is described as “a system of symbols, meanings, and standards that has been historically transmitted.” A person’s ability to identify with individuals who speak the same language is automatically enhanced by knowing the language in question.
- Watch the video below for some inspiration — this 17-year-old can communicate in over 20 different languages!
- Watching movies or television shows in a variety of languages is an excellent way to get started.
Find language lessons available in your neighborhood, look into online learning groups, or use an app like Duolingo to get started on your journey to more effective, more personal communication. What are some of the ways that you connect with people from different cultures?
Chapter 8: The Characteristics of Culture
Chapter 8: The Characteristics of a Cultural Tradition A hundred anthropologists will give you a hundred different definitions of culture if you ask them to do so. However, the majority of these definitions would highlight basically the same things: that culture is shared, that it is transferred via learning, and that it serves to form behavior and beliefs in people. In all four subfields, culture is a topic of discussion, and whereas our oldest ancestors depended mostly on biological adaptation, culture now molds humans to a far greater level.
- “Culture, or civilization, is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society,” wrote Tylor in 1871. “Culture, or civilization, is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.”
- A society’s shared and socially transmitted ideas, values and perceptions, which are utilized to make sense of experience and create conduct and which are mirrored in that behavior, according to the book (147), are defined as culture.
- Culture is ubiquitous across all human groups, and it may even be found among certain criminals. The physical, emotional, and social needs of its members must be met
- New members must be assimilated
- Disputes must be resolved
- And members must be encouraged to survive. Society must strike a balance between the demands of the whole and the needs of the individual member
- The suppression of human needs may lead to the breakdown of social structures, as well as the accumulation of personal stress that becomes too great to bear. Every culture has its own techniques of balancing the requirements of society with the needs of individuals
- Nevertheless, there is no universal method. Subcultures are groups inside a larger culture that have different patterns of learnt and shared behavior (ethnicities, races, genders, age categories, etc.) within it. Despite their individual characteristics, members of subcultures nevertheless have a lot in common with the rest of the population. There are subcultures in most state-level systems because those systems are pluralistic, which means that they include more than one ethnic group or culture.
Culture has five fundamental characteristics: it is learnt, it is shared, it is built on symbols, it is integrated, and it is dynamic in nature. These fundamental characteristics are shared by all civilizations.
- Culture is something that is learned. It is not a biological trait
- We do not acquire it through genetics. A large part of learning culture is unconsciously constructed. Families, peers, institutions, and the media are all places where we learn about culture. Enculturation is the term used to describe the process of becoming acquainted with a new culture. While all people have fundamental biological requirements such as food, sleep, and sex, the manner in which we meet those needs differs from one culture to the next
- Culture is shared by all cultures. Our ability to act in socially proper ways and predict how others will respond is enhanced by the fact that we share a common cultural heritage with other members of our group. Despite the fact that culture is shared, this does not imply that culture is homogeneous (the same). Following is a more in-depth discussion of the several cultural realms that exist in any civilization. Symbols serve as the foundation of culture. A symbol is something that represents or represents something else. Symbols differ from culture to culture and are completely random. They have significance only when the people who live in a culture agree on how to use them. Language, money, and art are all used as symbolic representations. Language is the most essential symbolic component of culture
- Culture and language are inextricably linked. This is referred to as holism, which refers to the interconnectedness of the many components of a culture. All aspects of a culture are interconnected, and in order to properly grasp a culture, one must become familiar with all of its components, rather than just a few
- Culture is dynamic. Simply said, cultures interact and evolve as a result of interaction. Because most civilizations are in contact with one another, they are able to share ideas and symbolic representations. It is inevitable that cultures evolve
- Otherwise, they would have difficulty adjusting to new settings. Furthermore, because cultures are intertwined, if one component of the system changes, it is probable that the entire system will need to adapt as well
CULTURE AND ADAPTATION ARE IMPORTANT Humans’ biological adaptation is vital, but they have grown to rely increasingly on cultural adaptation as a means of surviving. However, not all adaptation is beneficial, and not all cultural behaviors are beneficial in the long run. Some aspects of a society, such as fast food, pollution, nuclear waste, and climate change, may be deemed unfit for human survival. However, because culture is flexible and dynamic, once issues are identified, culture may evolve again, this time in a more positive way, in order to discover a solution.
In ethnocentrism, someone believes that their own culture is the only right way to behave and adapt to new situations.
- Because most persons feel that their culture is the greatest and only way to live, there are tiny levels of ethnocentrism found all across the world
- Yet, ethnocentrism is not widespread. Although it may be beneficial in small doses to instill a feeling of cultural pride and strengthen cohesive communities, when pushed to extremes, and especially when combined with an inability to be tolerant, it can prove harmful. Despite the fact that ethnocentrism lies at the core of colonization and genocide, cultural anthropologists have advocated for cultural relativism, the notion that all civilizations must be understood in terms of their own values and beliefs rather than by the standards of another society. According to this notion, no culture is superior to another, and civilizations can only be appraised on the basis of their ability to suit the requirements of their own populations.
The majority of people belong to a number of different cultural realms. Culture may be found on a variety of levels. Subcultures are the term used to describe tiny cultures that exist within a larger culture. People have some sort of connection to that subculture, but they must also be able to function well within the greater culture in order to be successful. Among subcultures, we notice a great deal of variation based on factors such as social class, race, ethnicity, age, and gender, among other things.
- Depending on their economic standing in society, people are classified into several social categories. Not all cultures display class distinctions
- Societies that do not exhibit class divisions are referred to be egalitarian societies. Class societies are hierarchical in nature, with one class having greater access to resources than the other classes in society. Early humans lived in egalitarian bands or tribes, and class is a relatively recent feature of culture
- Race (in a cultural sense) is the socially constructed meanings assigned to perceived differences between people based on physical characteristics
- And gender is a recent feature of culture, as all early humans lived in egalitarian bands or tribes (skin color, facial features, hair types). Everything about what distinctions are recognized and the significance we attribute to those differences is decided by cultural factors rather than biological factors. These physical characteristics do not influence a person’s behaviour or provide an explanation for their behavior. In this context, ethnicgroups are defined as individuals who consider themselves as belonging to a separate group based on cultural traits such as shared ancestors, language, traditions, and religious beliefs. They might be historically formed (a group of people who shared a region, language, or religion) or they can be more recently formed (an ethnic group that claims a territory, language, or religion) (African Americans). That all members of a certain ethnic group are the same or share the same ideas and values is not implied by their choice to identify as members of that ethnic group. Because ethnicity is a marker of group membership, it may be used to discriminate against people
- Indigenouspeoples, on the other hand, “are communities that have a long-standing relationship with some region that precedes colonial or outside society prevailing in the territory.” Indians, for example, are an indigenous group since they lived in the area before Europeans or colonists came. Native Americans are also an indigenous group. In many parts of the world, they are referred to as First Peoples, and they regularly face prejudice. Gender refers to the cultural connotations that are attributed to biological distinctions between men and women
- Most civilizations have simply masculine or feminine cultural roles, while other communities have a third, or perhaps an ablended, gender, which is not commonly seen. Gender roles differ significantly from one culture to the next. Issues linked to homosexuality are inextricably intertwined with those pertaining to gender roles. Ongender and sexual orientation are two factors that cause discrimination in many cultures throughout the world
- Age is both a biological truth as well as something that is culturally manufactured in many cultures. While we can determine how many years an individual has lived (biologicalage), we cannot determine what that signifies in terms of rights and obligations. Most civilizations have obligations and responsibilities that are ascribed to individuals depending on their reaching specified ages in their lives. Consider the activities of driving, drinking, and voting.
Valuing Sustaining Diversity
In general, culture may be defined as the traditions, arts, and social interactions that are unique to a certain nation, people, or other group to which individuals identify or belong. It may also be characterized as an appreciation for the arts and for human intellectual progress in other fields of study. In both perspectives, examples of culture may be a useful tool for gaining a fast knowledge of the subject matter. illustrative of culture
Culture Linked to Geography
Some features of culture are associated with a specific geographic area, such as a country or a geographic region.
National Identity (Country-Specific Culture)
Visiting a new (to you) nation and marveling at the way people in that country speak, think, and act, especially in comparison to what you’re accustomed to in your home country, is not uncommon when traveling.
- The languages of a country have an impact on its national identity and enable for successful communication. Dialects and accents can be used to distinguish between different subcultures that exist within a country. As countries approach their culture, they typically reflect this approach in how they spend their collective time, money, and energy
- This approach may also be mirrored in their legal system. Fashion, family life, and commercial interactions, among other aspects of a country’s etiquette and customs, can play an important part in shaping its culture. The use of nonverbal communication varies substantially from country to country. When viewed from a different perspective, the hard handshake that is required in the United States might be perceived as hostile. The beliefs of a country, both religious and historical in nature, are frequently at the heart of that nation’s culture
When it comes to national identity and communication, a country’s languages have a role. When it comes to identifying different subcultures that exist inside a country, dialects and accents may be quite helpful. As countries approach their culture, it is frequently mirrored in how they spend their collective time, money, and energy; it may also be represented in their legal systems. Culture may be influenced significantly by the etiquette and conventions of a nation, which might include things such as clothing, family life, and commercial activities; Country-to-country differences in nonverbal communication are substantial.
The religious and historical beliefs of a country are frequently at the heart of that country’s culture.
It’s likely that the place where you live has a distinct cultural identity, especially if you live in a somewhat large civilization like the United States. For example, in the United States, there are some cultural indicators that are shared across the country, such as a love of baseball and American football, or a fondness for apple pie and french fries. There are, nevertheless, significant cultural distinctions across different parts of the country as a whole.
- Being identified as a southern drawlor and speaking in a southern dialect helps people recognize a person as being originally from a specific region of the United States (the South). Throughout Canada, the slang vocabulary differs greatly from one location to the next. From one part of a country to another, different terms might be used to refer to the same subject in different ways. For example, carbonated beverages such as soda, pop, and soft drinks are referred to as such in different regions. Certain meals have a tendency to be connected with a specific geographical location. A deep dish pizza, for example, is the standard in Chicago, whereas a thinner crust pizza is the usual in New York
- Weather occurrences that are prevalent in a certain place are indicative of the culture of that region. Weather disasters such as hurricanes, fires, blizzard and tornadoes as well as typhoons can affect individuals in different parts of the world. Because of the way their inhabitants prefer to vote in many democratic nations, some qualities tend to be linked with areas within such countries.
Those are only a few illustrations of the cultural variances that might occur across various regions of the same nation.
Culture of Diversity
Depending on your location (state, city/town/province/country), you may live in a community that is extremely welcoming of individuals of various colors, genders, sexual orientations, national origins, or other aspects of variety. Then you are part of a community that places a high value on variety to the point where it is an integral element of the culture and identity of the people living there.
- The community calendar may be jam-packed with festivals and activities that bring together members of the community of many races and nationalities. Citizens who were born in other countries may be able to benefit from instructional lectures and research resources available at their local library. The possibility exists of many sporting activities available to residents of all genders, ages and abilities levels, including those who are impaired
- The agendas of municipal officials, local companies, and religious groups may encourage a wide range of attractive retail, educational, and religious activities
- Nevertheless, this is not guaranteed. Classes in community education that are specifically designed for foreign language acquisition may be easily available at reasonable prices. Diverse neighborhoods with a high concentration of immigrants are more likely to celebrate cultural diversity. Every September, for example, the city of New York stages a distinctive Caribbean Carnival.
Those activities would be exemplified as manifestations of a diverse culture in a community. Some communities are extremely accepting of differences and strive to be inclusive of all members. This frequently results in instances of cultural dissemination.
Identifying Examples of Cultures Around You
Everywhere you look, there are examples of culture to be found.
Working culture may be demonstrated in a multitude of ways, including how people dress, how offices are constructed, how workers are treated, and the manner in which a company incorporates its culture into its goods and services, as well as the manner in which it portrays itself to consumers.
- The design of an office might be either informal or formal. To foster a sense of equality among employees as well as comfort and productivity, employees may be encouraged to dress in a more informal manner. On important milestones in workers’ life, such as their birthdays, weddings, births, and funerals of family members, management may demonstrate a caring and friendly attitude by giving them cards and presents. Customer service excellence, personal acknowledgement of valued customers, and business participation in community and philanthropic organizations are all examples of how a caring culture may be presented
- There may be a cultural connection between the design and placement of the offices, with senior personnel having larger offices or cubicles that are the furthest away from the entrance.
The attitudes and behaviors of your coworkers are examples of the corporate culture that exists at your workplace.
Popular culture is determined by the activities of the general public. A person’s popular culture may be defined by what they listen to, what they read, what they dress, and how they communicate with others.
- The most popular music in a culture may come from performers who have made it to the Billboard Top 100 or from the newest YouTube pop sensations. In addition, social media influencers can have an impact on which businesses are in demand as well as which activities or fashions are most popular. Best-selling novels, as well as famous films and television series, may have a significant impact on the attitudes and experiences of a culture’s citizens. The ability to swiftly connect and exchange ideas through social networking may be a valuable tool for people of various ages, ethnicities, hobbies, genders, and sexual orientations. Fashion trends may serve as a barometer for cultural trends. Casual clothing may indicate a more laid-back lifestyle, but rapidly changing fashion may reflect rapidly changing cultural trends. Language is a crucial tool for conveying popular culture experiences to others. To describe the contemporary culture, a variety of languages and slang terms can be used in conjunction.
Almost everything on this list is an example of popular culture. Trends may shift in an instant; what is today’s pop culture craze could be yesterday’s news in the blink of an eye.
High Culture and Sophisticated Taste
In addition to the traditional meaning of culture, which refers to the attitudes and ideas held by a whole group of people, there is another definition of culture as well.
This term is associated with high culture. In this context, possessing what has come to be characterized as refined taste in the fine arts or humanities is referred to as having “culture.” Examples of this type of culture include the following:
- An appreciation for opera
- A love of classical music
- Taking pleasure in the ballet
- Seeing and admiring art displays
- Reading excellent literature, particularly the classics
- And so on. Gourmet cuisine is something to be admired. superb wine knowledge and competence at a sophisticated level
It is sometimes referred to as “cultured” to describe those who have an appreciation for such things. Ironically, persons who enjoy this form of culture are more likely than others to be critical of popular culture. People who are perceived to be members of the so-called “cultural elite” may choose to distance themselves from popular culture or from what is believed to be standard practice in society.
Recognizing Examples of Culture
You may not consider yourself to be exposed to these many forms of culture on a daily basis, but you instinctively understand that certain attitudes, thoughts, and ideas exist when you visit a certain location, even if you do not think about it. In addition, you can detect the difference between other civilizations just by looking at them.
- When you visit a stuffy and formal law office, the experience is going to be very different than when you visit a casual digital start-up. Invariably, traveling to a modern city like Amsterdam will feel different than traveling to an extremely conservative nation like a Muslim country in the Middle East.
Throughout your day you are exposed to a wide range of attitudes, feelings, ideas, and items that are all manifestations of culture. These examples are related to the form of culture that may be characterized simply as a group of people’s common attitudes, values, and beliefs.
This form of culture is vital because it helps you learn how to think, act, and feel in a way that is acceptable to the majority of people in society. The reason for experiencing culture shock when you suddenly relocate to a new nation or begin interacting with a new group of individuals who have quite different attitudes and beliefs from those you are accustomed to is also explained.
It is critical to understand the various meanings and forms of culture that exist. When you consider various instances of culture, you gain a greater awareness of the world around you, as well as the ideas, beliefs, and values that you encounter on a daily basis. Investigate how slang impacts the English language in order to have a better understanding of culture and its impact. Reviewing this dictionary of major terminology in cultural anthropology can help you improve your abilities to discuss and explain cultures.