What Term Refers To The Tasks And Activities That A Culture Assigns To The Sexes


Anthro chapter 18 Flashcards

Other People’s Worlds (ANTH 1000) at the University of Connecticut 1. When anthropologists use the word “sex,” they are referring to biological distinctions. They, on the other hand, definegenderas A.the social construction of one’s gender, whether it be male or female, or anything different. 2. The jobs and activities that are assigned to each sex in a society are referred to as 4. Ethnographic evidence has indicated that originally, Pawnee women worked with wood, and that among the Hidatsa, women constructed canoes and other vessels.

The consideration of recurring gender patterns in this chapter emphasizes the fact thatC.exceptions to cross-cultural generalizations may include societies or individuals.

The seclusion of one’s house from the rest of the world Eighth, what is it about Patricia Draper’s fieldwork among the Ju/’hoansi that is so insightful in terms of the linkages between economics, gender roles, and social stratification?

The following are true for foragers as compared to other sorts of communities, with the exception of D, which is the most prevalent and most severely penalized in forager cultures.

According to research conducted among horticultural groups, E.women are the primary producers of the crop.

Female status tends to be high among horticulturalists who are descended from matrilineal families and who live in matrilocal communities12.

Peggy Sanday, an anthropologist who conducted research on these issues among the Minangkabau people of West Sumatra, discovered that, while matriarchies do exist, they are not mirror images of patriarchies because, at least among the Minangkabau, both men and women are seen as cooperative partners working together for the greater good.

  1. Which of the following assertions concerning groups that are members of the patrilineal-patrilocalcomplex is not correct?
  2. Women continue to be the predominant producers of subsistence crops among patrilineal-patrilocal farmers, according to the latest data.
  3. The following causes have all historically been associated with the diminution of women’s social position in the United States: In the United States, more than half of the families living in poverty originate from Europe, as was the case before 1900.
  4. It is only in the United States that the feminization of poverty has occurred.
  5. In which sort of society would you anticipate the position of women to be at its maximum point?
  6. the relative position of women varies depending on factors like as the sort of subsistence strategy utilized, the importance of warfare, and the presence of a domestic–public divide.
  7. The following statements are correct in regards to sexual orientation, with the exception of B.there is conclusive scientific proof that sexual orientation is genetically determined.
  8. Transvestism, which occurs when people of one gender (typically males) dress as members of another gender (usually female), isD.perhaps the most popular method of generating genders other than male and female 24.
  9. D.They felt that in order for boys to develop in a healthy way, they needed to consume semen.

This event was only authorized to take place in the couple’s home26. Which of the following characteristics is most significantly influenced by biology?

anthro Flashcards

Term Definition
Term A major difference between Brazilian and American racial classifications is that Definition US- determined at birth and does not changeBrazil- Can change day to day
Term Policies and practices that harm a group and its members are known as Definition
Term Definition are groups assumed to have a biological basis, but they are defined in a culturally arbitrary manner.
Term The Holocaust is an example of Definition
Term _ are ethnic groups that once had, or wish to have or regain, autonomous political status. Definition
Term _ automatically places the children of a union between members of different groups in the minority group. Definition
Term _ is the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States. Definition
Term _ is the identification with, and feeling part of, a cultural group, and exclusion from other cultural groups. Definition
Term _ refers to a person’s ability to emphasize different identities in different social contexts. Definition Situational negotiation of identity
Term _ refers to the devaluing of a group because of its assumed behavior, values, abilities, or attributes. Definition
Term _ refers to the view that cultural diversity in a country is something good and desirable. Definition
Term When the first Africans arrived in Virginia in 1619, what defined social status? Definition
Term During the first 50 years in the American colonies, most of the plantation laborers were: Definition indentured servants from Europe
Term Early perceptions of Native Americans were that they differed from white Europeans in terms of culture; they were savages, but could be civilized. Definition
Term The film attributes _ as first putting forth the idea that there were genetic differences between blacks and whites. Definition
Term The biggest conflict between whites and Native Americans in the early 1800s was based on: Definition
Term The fact that the Cherokee and other Native Americans did not readily give up their lands to white settlers was used to justify the belief held by whites that there was a biologically based, inherent difference between the two groups of people that made whites the more superior “race.” Definition
Term A political system ruled by men in which women have inferior status is a(n) Definition
Term According to Tylor, religion evolves through the sequence of Definition animism, polytheism, monotheism
Term Belief in mana was especially prominent in Definition
Term Definition a feeling of great social solidarity, equality, and togetherness.
Term Cross-cultural studies indicate that Definition in most societies, women tend to be primary caregiver
Term Definition is generally reduced when domestic and public spheres are not sharply segergated
Term Definition
Term Rites of passage usually consist of three phases: Definition separation, liminality, incorperation
Term The domestic-public dichotomy is defined as a strong differentiation between Definition
Term The fact that chimpanzees and other nonhuman primates engage in masturbation and same-sex sexual activity suggests that Definition flexibility in sexual expression is part of humans’ primate heritage.
Term The largest religion in the world, in terms of number of practitioners, is Definition
Term The term _ refers to the tasks and activities that a culture assigns to the sexes. Definition
Term The term intersex describes Definition discrepancy between external and internal genitals.
Term Which of these statements is NOT true? Definition “Sexual orientation is genetically predetermined; culture plays no role in its expression.”
Term _ have arisen in colonial situations in which local people have regular contact with outsiders but lack their wealth, technology, and living standards. Definition
Term _ involves the belief that whatever is done to an object will affect a person who once had contact with it. Definition
Term _ is NOT part of the patrilineal-patrilocal complex. Definition reduced gender stratification
Term _ is/are NOT culturally constructed. Definition
Term _ refers to the manipulation of the supernatural to accomplish specific goals. Definition
Term _ was one of the founders of the anthropology of religion. Definition
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What term refers to the tasks and activities that a culture assigns to the sexes quizlet?

  1. How do you define the responsibilities and activities that are assigned to men and women in a culture quizlet
  2. What is the word for the type of cultural change that occurs when two or more civilizations come into continuous personal touch with one another
  3. Is a word used to describe affiliation with and feeling a member of a cultural group while being excluded from other cultural groups. When a group is successfully integrated into mainstream society, this is referred to as
  4. What are the features of a minority group as described by sociological theory

What term refers to the tasks and activities that a culture assigns to the sexes quizlet?

Genderroles. the jobs and activities that are assigned to each gender by a culture

What is the term for the kind of cultural change that results when two or more cultures have consistent firsthand contact?

Enculturation is defined as the interchange of cultural characteristics that occurs when two or more groups come into continuous personal contact with one another. Anthropologists are unanimous in their belief that cultural learning is a uniquely human endeavor and that all humans possess culture.

Is the term for identification with and feeling part of a cultural group and exclusion from other cultural groups?

A process known as enculturation occurs when two or more groups come into continuous personal contact and exchange cultural characteristics as a result. Cultural learning, according to anthropologists, is unique to humans and that all individuals are endowed with culture.

When a group is absorbed into the mainstream culture this is known as?

Assimilation is the term used to describe the process through which a group becomes integrated into mainstream society.

What are the sociologically defined characteristics of a minority group?

According to sociologist Louis Wirth, a minority group is defined as “a group of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from the rest of the population in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment, and who, as a result, perceive themselves as objects of collective discrimination.” This.

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Exam 3 Studey Guide Winter 2019 NOanswers – Study Guide 3 Anthropology 101 Winter 2019 With the term

The third edition of Study Guide 3Anthropology 101Winter 20191. Anthropologists use the term “sex” to refer to biological distinctions between men and women. They, on the other hand, define gender as A.the cultural construction of whether one is feminine, male, or anything else. B.a political system dominated by males, particularly white men, that determines the identity of women. C.the jobs and activities that are assigned to each sex according to a culture D.the distinct biological disparities between males and females, which varies from culture to culture.

  1. Learning Objective: Recognize the distinction between sex and gender, as well as the differences between gender roles and gender stereotypes, as well as how gender may be culturally formed.
  2. 2.Gender stereotypes are the responsibilities and activities that a society assigns to each sexe based on the culture’s values and beliefs.
  3. C.the assigned sexual status of a person.
  4. E.sex roles are discussed.
  5. The subject of sex and gender is discussed.
  6. A.the division of work based on gender is a natural aspect of human civilizations, as evidenced by cases such as the ones described above.
  7. C.anthropologists are overconfident in their ability to discover a civilization where gender equality is flawless.
  8. It is really the case that exceptions to cross-cultural generalizations are the rule rather than the exception.
  9. The link between gender relations and the economy is the subject of this paper.
  10. In order to revers these tendencies, the United Nations should become more actively involved.

Rather than generalities, these patterns are universals rather than exceptions. E.these generalizations are founded on faulty data, as a result of the research’ failure to employ randomized sampling. Understanding the link between gender relations and the economy among1 is the learning objective.

what is the term that anthropologists use to refer to the biological father of a child?

Polyandry is defined as the marriage of a woman to two or more males at the same time; the phrase comes from the Greek polys, which means “many,” and anor, which means “man,” respectively. Polyandry is referred to as adelphic polyandry, or brotherly polyandry, when the spouses in a polyandrous marriage are brothers or are referred to as brothers in the marriage. What is the phrase that anthropologists use to refer to the ego’s socially recognized parent in order to identify him? Pater. sororate, tradition, or legislation requiring a widower to marry his deceased wife’s sister, or in rare situations, requiring a widower to marry her sister.

Which term refers to oversimplified strongly held views about males and females?

Stereotypes about men and women. It has something to do with gender roles. Males and females are portrayed in an oversimplified and strongly held manner. It costs just $35.99 each year. Gender stratification is a problem.

What is meant by the term feminization of poverty quizlet?

In social science, the phrase “feminization of poverty” refers to the reality that women are increasingly concentrated in poverty, particularly among unmarried women with children. For a period of time between 1960 and 1970, there was a lesser disparity between the affluent and the poor than there is today.

What have cross cultural studies of gender roles demonstrated?

What conclusions have been drawn from recent cross-cultural studies on gender roles? Wages, subsistence strategies, the relevance of warfare, and the persistence of a domestic-public divide all influence the relative position of women.

What is exogamy and endogamy in sociology?

They are exogamy and endogamy, respectively. Exogamy is a social law that compels a person to marry outside of a certain culturally defined social group to which she or he belongs, even if she or he is a member of that group. … Individuals are required to marry within the confines of a certain culturally defined social group to which they belong, according to the social norm known as endogamy.

What is the village exogamy?

In many Indian tribes, it is customary to marry outside of the community. (iii) Village Exogamy: In many Indian tribes, it is customary to marry outside of the village. This limitation is common among the Munda and other tribes in the Madhya Pradesh district of Chhota Nagpur.

What is exogamy Class 11 sociology?

In many Indian tribes, it is customary to marry outside of the community. (iii) Town Exogamy: Many Indian tribes have a tradition of marrying outside of their village. The Munda and other tribes of Chhota Nagpur, Madhya Pradesh, are particularly affected by this limitation.

What is endogamy quizlet?

(iii) Community Exogamy: It is common practice among many Indian tribes to marry outside of the village. This limitation is widespread among the Munda and other tribes in Madhya Pradesh’s Chhota Nagpur district.

What does Hypogamy mean?

(iii) Community Exogamy: A common practice among many Indian tribes is to marry outside of the village. This limitation is widespread among the Munda and other tribes of Chhota Nagpur, Madhya Pradesh.

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What do you mean by endogamy Class 12?

Endogamy is the practice of marrying inside one’s own caste group, which is defined as follows:

What is exogamy family?

Exogamy is the practice of marrying someone who is not from one’s social group. Biological exogamy is the union of non-blood-related beings, which is governed by various types of incest legislation. Exogamy is the practice of marrying outside of a certain cultural group; endogamy, on the other hand, is the practice of marrying inside a social group.

What is Endogamous practice?

Endogamy is defined as the practice of marrying within the same ethnic, cultural, social, religious, or tribal group. Endogamy can arise as a consequence of an intentional decision or cultural pressure to marry within a specific group, but it can also occur as a result of geographic separation (for example, in island communities).

How do you pronounce Endogamous?

Communitas is a powerful sense of belonging to a group of people, as well as a strong sense of social equality, solidarity, and togetherness. Communitas is a trait of persons who are experiencing liminality in the same place at the same time.

What are the five Ks of Sikhism quizlet?

Communitas is a powerful sense of belonging to a group of people, as well as a strong sense of social equality, solidarity, and belonging. It is the quality of individuals who are experiencing liminality together that is characterized by communitas (community).

  • In the Sikh tradition, the Five Ks are five articles of faith that Sikhs are required to wear at all times, as dictated by the tenth and last Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. …
  • Kesh is a term used to describe hair that has not been sheared or cropped. It is also known as the Kanga in Sikh culture, and it is used twice every day by Sikhs. .
  • Kara
  • .
  • Kachera
  • Kirpan

What term refers to a custom or social action that operates to reduce status differences and bring standouts in line with community norms?

When referring to a tradition or social activity that works to decrease status inequalities and bring outliers into line with community standards, what phrase should be used? Mechanism for balancing the playing field.

What is Anthropology | Sociocultural | LinguisticBiological Anthropology | What is Archaeology

Polyandry is prevalent and may be found in a variety of settings and circumstances. Which of the following assertions regarding communities with the patrilineal-patrilocal complex is untrue according to a cross-cultural study that systematically studied romantic love in various cultures? Which of the following is not included among current rites of passage is true according to the study Except for animism, polytheism, and monotheism, all of the following are forms of polygamy, with the exception of which of the following better characterizes polygyny?

Of the following assertions concerning polyandry, which one is most likely to be correct?

Anthropology Chapter 9 Sex and Gender Flashcards

refers to biological differences (the parts) Cultural Construction of Gender The idea that the characteristics a people attribute to males and females is culturally, not biologically determined. the tasks and activities that a culture assigns to the sexes. are oversimplified but strongly held ideas of the characteristics of men and women. the cultural construction of male and female characteristics (the roles) Cultural Construction of Gender The idea that the characteristics a people attribute to males and females is culturally, not biologically determined. are oversimplified but strongly held ideas of the characteristics of men and women. Patrilineal, horticultural people.

Gender is constructed based on female-male differences that are not recognized by people outside of Papua, New Guinea. Human bodies and food items contain varying amounts of a life-giving substance called Females have an excess of nu they grow faster, age more slowly and are unattractively moist. Men contain a smaller amount of nu they have difficulty with growth and maintenance of vitality later in life, but are attractively dry. Their bodies contain substances symbolically considered feminine (lots of nu). Eligible to live in the men’s houses and to obtain the secret “male” knowledge gained during initiation ceremonies (minimal nu). The adoption of social roles and behaviors normatively appropriate for the opposite biological sex from one’s own. Multiple Gender Identities The recognition, present in some cultures, of more than two genders.

up to 4 genders The kinds of productive activities that are assigned to women versus men in a culture. Work tasks requiring greater strength are mainly performed by males. Prolonged physical exercise can depress female fertility, so most strenuous tend to be done by males. Compatibility with Childcare Women tend to perform tasks that can be combined efficiently with childcare. May be more advantageous for a gender to do tasks that follow in a production sequence (e.g.

wood cutters make wood objects); may also be advantageous for a gender to perform tasks located near each other (childcare and domestic chores). Men do more hard/dangerous tasks because they are more expendable. the degree of inequality between males and females based on culturally defined differences between the sexes. Equality disappeared how many years ago? the closest way of life closest to equal is Relative gender equality is most likely the ancestral pattern of human society.

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