What Is The Culture Of Egypt

Egyptian Culture

Egypt, the world’s 15th most populated country, is an Arab country surrounded by Israel, Libya, and Sudan. It is the world’s 15th most populous country. It enjoys a prestigious international reputation as a result of the legacy of its historic cultural roots. While Egypt’s historical past continues to be a source of national pride, the country’s present culture has also been influenced by more recent historical developments. Traditional values remain important components of Egyptian society, but they are increasingly being supplemented by new concepts and ideals that have emerged in recent years.

Geography and Spaces are important concepts to understand.

This implies that for the majority of Egyptians, congested circumstances are an accepted part of daily life.

The Nile River divides Egypt into two main regions: the ‘Valley’ or ‘Sa’id’ (south of the Nile) and the ‘Delta’ (north of the Nile) (north of the Nile).

  • Those from the south (Sa’id) are frequently more conservative and devout in their outlook.
  • Many people in the north, particularly those from major cities, are more liberal and accepting of a wider range of lifestyles than those in the southern hemisphere.
  • The lifestyle patterns found in these locations are often similar to those found in globalised metropolitan society.
  • Individuals’ proclivity to embrace moreorattitudes frequently fluctuates according to their socioeconomic status and living circumstances.
  • Those living in slums or rural regions, on the other hand, tend to place a greater premium on a feeling of community above individual privacy and private property.
  • Over half of Egypt’s population is under 24 years of age, which is a significant proportion.
  • These two factors – population growth and density – have combined to put a strain on both natural and economic resources in recent years.

When it comes to determining how people interact with one another, the place of origin and social class of a person are important factors to consider.

Because one’s social standing is determined more by one’s family background and reputation than by one’s financial wealth, social mobility is difficult.

Education is highly valued in Egypt, and families make significant financial investments in the education of their children, regardless of their financial situation.

Furthermore, being able to communicate fluently in English or French indicates that one has received a high level of education and is most likely from a higher social class.

Because of the low levels of literacy in the country, digital media has played a role in making popular culture and the arts more widely available.

The availability of alternative ideas prompted many Egyptians to call into question the status quo, which played a significant role in the Egyptian Revolution.

It was primarily middle-class citizens who took part in the movement, with demonstrations being organized and coordinated through social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter.

The overall slogan of the revolution, ” ash, hirriyya, ‘adla igtim’iyya'(‘bread, freedom, and social justice’), resonated with the entire population, not just the middle class, and was adopted by the government.

He was later found guilty of a number of crimes and imprisoned as a result of his actions.

This shift towards liberalism was short-lived, however, as the conservative Muslim Brotherhood quickly seized control of the country.

As a result of the Muslim Brotherhood’s attempt to reimpose censorship and suppress dissent, a second wave of protests broke out, followed by a military coup.

The end of Mubarak’s 30-year reign in Egypt has had ramifications across all aspects of Egyptian life.

Ethnicity and Identity are two aspects of one’s self.

The majority of the Egyptian population considers themselves Muslims, with the majority of them belonging to the Sunni branch of Islam (see ‘Islam’ under Religion).

The language, which nearly all Egyptians speak in the Egyptian dialect of Arabic, is perhaps the most significant unifying factor in the Egyptian identity.

The Egyptian Revolution thrust questions of national and cultural identity, as well as Egypt’s place within the wider Arab world, to the forefront of public discourse.

Furthermore, Egypt is one of the literary centers of the Arab world, having produced many of the most important writers in modern Arabic literature.

Respect for the Law and Human Dignity In Egypt, certain cultural values are generally upheld regardless of geographical or social class distinctions.

It is intricately intertwined with people’s conceptions of their own personal dignity (karama).

While many cultural ideas of honourable behaviour may still be related toresponsibility, such traditional customs tend to be prevalent only in more rural areas.

For example, the way they dress, the way they present themselves, the hospitality they show friends and guests, and the respect they give the elderly and those in authority can be perceived to reflect their honour and dignity (sharafandkarama) (sharafandkarama).

Everyone is also expected to be loyal to his family and ‘a man of his word’.

One’s honour is intertwined with family reputation in Egypt and, thus, preservation of honour is often understood in terms of the collective rather than the individual.

In this way, there is a cultural pressure for individuals to protect their family’s reputation by stressing their positive qualities, emphasising their family members’ achievements and adhering to social expectations.

As honesty is highly valued in Egyptian culture, failing to uphold one’s promise is a quick way to bring dishonour on one’s family.

The Culture of Egypt

Egypt’s Cultural Heritage (Photo:) Thousands of years ago, the ancient Pharaohs ruled Egypt, and their culture and history can be traced back to them. While some of these historical practices may still be seen today, contemporary Egypt has changed dramatically as a result of the impact of immigration from other Arab countries. Visitors to Egypt will remark that Egyptians are mild-mannered and extremely courteous as a result of their religious ideals, which can be observed across the country. For a successful travel to Egypt, it is necessary to be familiar with the country’s customs and culture.

Egyptian Cultural Attitudes

The Egyptian people are typically kind and helpful, so travelers should have no problem obtaining instructions or advice when they need them. It is very uncommon for a whole mob of Egyptians to swarm around you while you are attempting to answer a question. When they communicate, they are quite near to one another and require very little personal space. In Egypt, it is customary for people to turn down every invitation the first time it is extended to them; thus, if your offer is genuine, repeat it a second time.

They will offer something once out of politeness, but if they make a second or third offer, you can be sure it is genuine.

Egyptian Ethnicity

Egypt has a population of around 67 million individuals. Egypt’s official language is Arabic, and the majority of the population, around 99 percent, is descended from Eastern Hamitic ancestors. This comprises descendants of ancient Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers, among others. The remaining 1 percent of the population is made up of people of Greek, Nubian, Armenian, Italian, and French descent. The Nile River Valley and the Nile Delta are home to the bulk of Egypt’s population, which is concentrated in these areas.

The majority of people who live in rural regions are peasants who make their living via farming.

It is frequently referred to as the intellectual leader of the Middle East, owing to the fact that it was the first to open its doors to dialogue with the Western world.

Religion in Egypt

Sunni Muslims account for around 90 percent of the Egyptian population, while Coptic Christians account for 8 percent, and the remaining 2 percent are Jews or adhere to other Christian groups. Islamic principles are vital in all parts of life, including personal and political elements, for all people, even those who are Christians. Egyptians have strong family values, and they are supposed to be loyal to members of their nuclear and extended families, regardless of their social status. Thursday and Friday are both religious holidays in the Muslim world, therefore most businesses are closed on both days.

While Christians are not obligated to fast throughout Ramadan, they are not permitted to eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum in public during this time.

Tourists are welcome to visit the major mosques, except while religious services are taking place. Before entering any holy structure, it is customary for visitors to take their shoes off first.

Mass Media in Egypt

Egyptian media is considered to be the most progressive in the Middle East, making it the most progressive country in the region. Egyptian culture has a high value on journalism, cinema, television, music, and the arts, all of which are extremely important. Compared to other Arab countries, Egypt has a press that is mostly unfettered, especially when compared to the censorship that exists there. “Al Ahram” is the name of the country’s most widely read newspaper, however other publications are available as well.

Egyptian television is under the jurisdiction of the government, and there are five national television stations available.

The Cairo Opera House, the National Puppet Theater, the Pocket Theater, and the National Symphony Orchestra are just a few of the live entertainment venues in Egypt.

Women and Clothing

Egypt’s ladies are supposed to behave conservatively and modestly in accordance with Islamic standards for women. The approach of an unknown guy should be avoided at all costs; instead, inquiries and concerns should be directed at other males. As a show of virtue, virginity is maintained by a substantial majority of Egyptian women until marriage. Men prefer to marry virgin women because they are considered as more attractive than married women. Women make up a large proportion of the professional workforce, holding positions such as physicians, attorneys, college professors, and ambassadors.

It is customary for women to have their arms and legs covered, particularly in religious settings.

West Virginia University awarded her a Bachelor’s degree in political science.

Egypt Culture, Egyptian Culture, and Traditions

Many different civilizations and traditions are incorporated into Egypt’s culture and customs, making it a genuinely cosmopolitan country with a unique blend of its own. This is where the tradition introduced by the pharaohs is dominant, as is tribal culture and traditions, as well as the habits of invaders, which may all be seen in some form or another among modern Egypt. The atmosphere is similar to that of a melting pot, where many cultures and ethnic traditions have combined to produce a new way of life and a mentality that accepts new and innovative thinking, resulting in a liberal atmosphere all around.

  • When asked, the people of Egypt will always be willing to share their time and excitement with those who are unfamiliar with their culture.
  • All of these delightful tidbits are the highlight of the Egypt itinerary and will linger in your mind as a cherished remember for a lifetime.
  • Egypt has a large population of over 71 million people, with Sunni Islam being the majority (approximately 62 million).
  • Muslims, both Sunni and Coptic, are attentive and respectful to their distinct religious regulations and rituals.
  • Family integrity is highly valued in Egypt, in stark contrast to the nuclear family model that prevails in the West.
  • Possibly as a result of this, visiting in the City of Egypt is safer than traveling in any other top worldwide destination, including for women who are traveling alone.
  • As a result, these individuals are frequently seen as mystic and even eccentric.
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They like calling folks at their residences on a regular basis.

Here are a few useful Arabic words for you to learn.

You must first learn about Egyptian culture, customs, and family values before you can comprehend the country’s atmosphere.

Egyptians are, on the whole, highly adaptable in character, and they are generous with their time and resources.

One unusual tendency is that if you ask an Egyptian a question, he will invite some other individuals over to debate the subject with you, and they will do all they can to provide you with the perfect answer to the question you have asked.

However, it is critical that if you want to consume alcoholic beverages while in Egypt, you do so in moderation.

I’m very interested in learning more about Ramadan!

For Egyptians, Ramadan is a sacred month during which they gather with friends and family to commemorate the month’s events.

They also give to charity and engage in relationship renewal, as well as the exchange of love and affection amongst one another.

Foreign women are subject to a limited number of limitations in Egypt.

When it comes to subway train carriages, older women are usually given first preference.

Crime is rare in Egypt, and the majority of violent incidents occur as a result of family disagreements.

Women, on the whole, should be on their guard, especially in isolated areas. When it comes to drug use, it is not acceptable to do so in public, and you should avoid carrying your drugs in public if you do.

How to Respond if an Egyptian Invites You to His home

There is one intriguing fact regarding the Egyptian invitation that you should know about. They first turn down any and all invitations, but it has become customary for them to complete their formalities. The Egyptian will repeat the offer once again if he or she believes that he or she will invite you in the true spirit of the occasion. And it’s usually a good idea to comply with a polite request. If you are unable to fulfill the request, always make a commitment to return the following time.

The host’s customs and practices should always be respected and appreciated, and everyone present should be treated with courtesy and courtesy should always be shown to the host.

Tipping is a Way of Life in Egypt

Tipping is customary in Egypt, and it is generally expected as a gesture of appreciation. You can leave tips for all of the individuals who have assisted you on your travels, but do not give them little coins or notes since they will be lost. These actions are seen negatively by those who have been tipped as a result of your actions. Your tipping, on the other hand, should be completely spontaneous; otherwise, it is regarded disrespectful. It is an effective method of making a positive impression on others in your immediate vicinity.

As a token of your friendship, you may put together some presents for them.

Egyptian Women

Egypt’s ladies are renowned for their beautiful beauty and gracefulness. The majority of Egyptian females nowadays have received a high level of education and have been groomed in addition to being engaged in the working world. In Egyptian society, girls are lavishly treated by their parents until they marry and become part of the mainstream society. According to Egyptian custom, virginity is regarded to be a fundamental virtue for women, and as a result, women seek to maintain their modesty and virginity for as long as possible after marriage.

Most Egyptian men prefer to marry virginal women who share their beliefs in traditional family values; nevertheless, there have been some occasions where Egyptian men have married non-Egyptian females, and these ladies have exhibited a distinct difference in attitude from ordinary Egyptian girls as well.

This practice adheres to Muslim tradition about women covering their heads, and it is also a fashionable method to commemorate the Islamic virtue of conservatism.

However, while Egyptian women may dress in western attire and own enterprises, they often retain a calm demeanor when it comes to how their social profile is displayed.

They do, on the other hand, tend to adhere to their religious ceremonies and practices with a high degree of rigor. More information on Egyptian women

Women Traveling Alone into Egypt:

Egypt is a perfectly safe country for women to travel in. As a result, it is a safe travel location for international tourist groups of ladies who are planning a holiday in Egypt. It is usually advised that, in the event of a difficulty, they seek assistance from nearby businesses or the police department. However, it is always advisable to dress appropriately and to go down the street in a clothing that is both common and covered. Maintaining a neutral attitude toward local males is an effective strategy for avoiding bother and curiosity regarding foreign ladies vacationing in this nation.

Places of Worship:

For Egyptians, houses of worship are regarded hallowed locations, and travelers from other countries should be respectful of this serious approach toward these sites of worship when visiting. Mosques are the sites of worship for Muslims, while churches are the places of worship for Christians, respectively. Both mosques and churches may be found in abundance in Egypt. Before accessing the hallowed site, people are required to remove their shoes in accordance with the guidelines. Women and men are asked to cover their naked heads and those of their children.

Friday is widely regarded as the most important day of the week.

Egypt Holiday Calendar:

The Coptic calendar, commonly known as the Alexandrian calendar, is based on a solar cycle consisting of 12 months of 30 days and 1 month of 5 days, with each month lasting 30 days. Every four years, a sixth day is added to the month, making it shorter. Aside from the Coptic Orthodox Church, farmers frequently use the Coptic calendar for date reminders, calculations, and the counting of the days in the year.

Major Public holidays:

Day Description
1st day of Spring (2nd Monday after the Coptic Easter day) It is called Sham El-Nessim day (Just avoid going out on this day to national parks and the zoo)
25th April Sinai Liberation Day
1st May Workers day
23rd July 1952 Revolution Day
6th October Armed Forces Day, Victory Day 1973
13th October Suez Liberation Day
23rd December Victory Day
Eid El-Adha (Sacrifice feast) Comes right after the pilgrimage season, it lasts for four days
Eid El-Fitr (Breakfast feast) Comes right after the Holy fasting month of Ramadan

Egyptian Culture

Egypt’s Great Sphinx and Pyramids are two of the world’s most impressive structures. The Great Sphinx of Giza (near Cairo, Egypt) was carved out of limestone bedrock more than 4,500 years ago, making it the world’s oldest standing monument. More information may be found here. Approximately 4,500 years ago, the Great Sphinx of Giza (near Cairo, Egypt) was carved from limestone bedrock, making it a contemporary of the Great Pyramids, which are located nearby. The Sphinx was not recognized by that name in ancient Egypt; instead, it was known by a completely other name at the time.

They felt it looked like The Sphinx from ancient mythology, which was a human-lion hybrid that suffocated its prey (the Greek term from which the name sphinx is from literally means “to choke”).

It is possible that the Sphinx and the temple that formerly stood in front of it were part of a complex dedicated to the worship of the sun, which sets exactly behind it during the Equinox.

The Egyptian culture was one of the most ancient and longest-lived civilizations in antiquity.

It benefitted from a wealth of productive agriculture, close proximity to mineral resources, and a favorable geographic location. Although it was subjected to intermittent invasion and internal warfare, it managed to maintain its particular culture for about 5000 years.

Egypt – Daily life and social customs

The population density of the inhabited region is such that the presence of people can be seen everywhere, even in the wide countryside, due to the high density of people in the area. It is common to witness a significant number of fellahins on the highways in the early morning and late afternoon, heading to or returning from the fields with their farm animals. It is possible to observe men laboring in their long tunics (gallbiyyah s), which are wrapped up about their waists, throughout the day using age-old equipment such as thefs (hoe) and minjal (sickle); occasionally, a contemporary tractori may be seen as well.

  1. Women above the age of 16 are not permitted to work in the fields in some sections of the valley, and their activities are restricted to the home and the family.
  2. Young children may be seen everywhere, serving as a constant reminder of the high birth rate in the country.
  3. Urban clothing styles differ only significantly from those seen in many European cities, despite the fact that modesty is maintained in urban forms of dress (especially considering the trend for women to return to wearing the hijab from the early 1980s).
  4. Throughout Egypt, the family is still the most important link in the social chain, and this is true even today.
  5. Even in areas where the state’s control is the weakest, vengeance remains an ubiquitous danger to civil order in such areas.
  6. But even in urban areas, large patronage systems that link the local family with far-flung groups of relatives and friends make day-to-day navigation of governmental bureaucracy and commercial partnerships much easier to navigate.
  7. Foreign influences on urban preferences, on the other hand, have been the most significant and variegated.

This dish is commonly considered to be the national cuisine.

Kuftah, a sort of spicy meatball, is also a popular dish in the region.

Aysh shm is a form of flatbread made from whole grains and known as “native bread.” Falafel, a fried cake of legumes, is a staple throughout the Middle East and North Africa, and it is said to have originated in Egypt.

Mutton is the most often consumed meat in Jordan, as it is in other nations in the Middle East.

Some desserts have been adapted from Turkish cuisines, as seen by the ubiquitous use of paper-thin sheets of phyllo pastry in them, which is a typical feature of Turkish cuisine.

Despite the fact that the drinking of alcoholic beverages is prohibited under Islamic law, locally made and fermented beverages can be available, as well as others that are imported.

A variety of secular and religious festivals are observed by Egyptian citizens.

Labor Day, Revolution Day (1952), and Armed Forces Day are examples of the former. The two Eids (Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr), the Prophet’s birthday (mawlid), and Coptic Christmas are among the religious festivals celebrated (January 7).

History, language and culture in Egypt

Egypt’s history is one of the most ancient and evocative of any country on the planet, and it is one of the most fascinating. Who could not be enthralled by the life of pharaohs like Tutankhamun, who ruled for only 10 years yet is undoubtedly the most renowned of all the ancient Egyptian monarchs despite his short reign? Or Cleopatra, Egypt’s final monarch, to name a few. Beginning approximately the year 8000 BC, dry circumstances led early civilisations in need of food and water to relocate closer to the Nile.

  1. Pharaonic Egypt, on the other hand, dates back some 5,000 years and was ruled by monarchs from 30 distinct dynasties who possessed incredible understanding of mathematics, biology, and astronomy, making the country one of the most powerful countries on the planet at the time.
  2. Kingdoms have been established under Pharaonic hegemony.
  3. Alexander the Great arrived in Egypt later on, establishing the city of Alexandria before the establishment of the Roman Empire.
  4. It wasn’t until 1805, however, that the war for independence had been won, and Muhammad Ali was formally recognized as the first Sultan of Egypt.
  5. Demands for the nationalization of the canal and the independence of the country persisted until the Revolution of 1952, when both were achieved.
  6. A Russian passenger plane was shot down over the Sinai Peninsula in 2015, in an act of terrorism claimed by Islamic State terrorists.
  7. The country’s politics regained stability when elections were held in the same year, although the government has been criticized worldwide for its repression of the media and inadequate airport security measures.
  8. Ancient Egyptians worshipped around 1,400 distinct gods and goddesses, which is a staggering number.

Pyramids of Giza is the oldest and only one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World that is still standing. It is the oldest and only one that is still standing.

Egypt Culture

There are around 90 percent of Muslims in the country, with Christians being the majority of the remaining, which includes adherents of the Coptic Christian faith. There is also a tiny Jewish community in the area.

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Social Conventions in Egypt

Islam permeates all parts of everyday life, with numerous social traditions derived from the teachings of the Koran, the Muslim holy book, that are followed by Muslims worldwide. The importance of hospitality, particularly to guests, cannot be overstated. Shaking hands is the customary greeting, however male guests should wait for a lady to extend her hand first before shaking hers. Women’s clothing should always be conservative, and their upper arms and legs should be covered. This is especially crucial while visiting religious sites, when hair should also be covered, as well as conservative cities.

Formal attire is typically required for official or social gatherings, as well as for fine dining establishments.

When taking photos inside pyramids, tombs, and museums, tourists are forced to pay a charge to the Egyptian authorities.

When some traditionally-dressed residents ‘position’ outside historic landmarks, particularly temples and pyramids, they demand money from the tourists.

Language in Egypt

Arabic is the official language of the country. The languages of English and French are commonly spoken.

Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette

There are several important areas that you will get a grasp of. These are as follows:

  • Religious beliefs and practices
  • Culture and society
  • Social etiquette and traditions
  • And language. Business etiquette and workplace culture

Keep in mind that this is merely a very basic level of introduction and is not intended to stereotype all Egyptians you may come across!

Take an Online Course About Arab Culture

We are confident that you will enjoy our course on the Middle East if you are interested in Arab culture. It contains a great deal of information about Egypt! We have a free version of the video that you can watch here, or you can upgrade if you want all of the company information.

Facts and Statistics

  • Location:North East Africa, borders Palestine (Gaza Strip) by 11 kilometers, Israel by 266 kilometers, Libya by 1,115 kilometers, and Sudan by 1,273 kilometers. Capital:Cairo
  • Temperatures: Desert
  • Hot, dry summers with mild winters. Population: 86,895,099 people (as of 2014)
  • Eastern Hamitic ancestry (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) constitutes 99 percent of the population, while Greek, Nubian, Armenian, and other Europeans (mainly Italian and French) constitute the remaining 1 percent. 90 percent of the population is Muslim (predominantly Sunni), and ten percent is Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox
  • Other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican)
  • Religions are as follows: Government:republic
  • According to the Business Culture Complexity IndexTM, the country is ranked 45th.

Language in Egypt

Egypt has been speaking and writing Arabic for about 13 centuries, and it is the official language of the country. The majority of the population spoke Coptic before the Arab invasion in AD 639, which was the language descended from ancient Egyptian. By the 12th century, however, it had been completely replaced by Arabic, with Coptic remaining only as a liturgical language for the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. Arabic has emerged as the language of choice for both Christians and Muslims in Egypt.

In other aspects, however, the written language has evolved; present forms of style, word sequence, and phraseology are simpler and more flexible than those found in classical Arabic, and they are frequently directly derivatives of English or French in their origins.

A view of the city of Cairo. Unsplash image courtesy of Omar Elsharawyon

Egyptian SocietyCulture

Islamic beliefs and practices are followed by the vast majority of Egyptians, who use them to guide their personal, political, economic, and legal lives. Islam was born in what is now Saudi Arabia and spread throughout the world. It is believed that the Prophet Muhammad is God’s final emissary to mankind (following in the footsteps of Jesus, Moses, Abraham, and others) who would deliver revelation to mankind. He was characterized by the fact that he sent a message to the entire world, rather than simply to a certain group of individuals.

  • The Quran and the acts of the Prophet (the Sunnah) are utilized as the foundation for all religious instruction in the Islamic tradition.
  • Day after day, the precise hour is published in the local newspaper.
  • Everything has been shut down.
  • Every Muslim must fast from dawn to dark throughout the holy month of Ramadan and is only authorized to work for a total of six hours every day during this period.
  • Expatriates are not forced to fast, but they must refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, or chewing gum in public places.
  • The celebrations frequently go into the wee hours of the morning.
  • Many firms work on a more condensed schedule during the holiday season.

Family Values

  • The family is the most important unit in Egyptian society
  • It is also the most diverse. Kinship has a vital part in all social relationships, including romantic relationships. Individuals are constantly subordinate to their families, tribes, or groups of friends. Because it is seen to be patronage of one’s own family, nepotism is regarded favourably. Families include both the nuclear family and the extended family
  • They are a unitary entity.

Egyptian Honour

  • The importance of honor in interpersonal interactions cannot be overstated. Individuals deserve and must be treated with respect and admiration
  • It is also a duty. Everyone in a family’s reputation and honor are inextricably intertwined with the reputation and honor of an individual’s family. Egyptians must extend hospitality to their friends and guests out of respect for their culture. Moreover, it requires that individuals dress appropriately for their financial conditions, as well as to show appropriate respect and regard to their elders and those in positions of power. A man’s word is regarded to be his bond, and breaking your word is thought to be bringing dishonor on your family.

Social Class

  • Since your social class impacts your access to power and status in Egypt, social class is quite visible. The socioeconomic class into which an Egyptian is born determines their everyday lives as well as the options available to them. There are three social classes: higher, medium, and lower
  • There are three social classes. Absolute money is less important than family background in determining social standing. There is minimal opportunity for upward social mobility.

Tea is quite popular and is taken throughout the day, from dawn to night. Unsplash image courtesy of Omar Elsharawyon

EtiquetteCustoms in Egypt

  • Greetings are differentiated according to the person’s social class and religious affiliation
  • It is preferable to follow the example set by the Egyptian you are encountering. Handshakes are the traditional way for people of the same gender to greet one another. Handshakes are a little limp and drawn out, despite the fact that they are always accompanied by a warm grin and direct eye contact
  • And Once a relationship has formed, it is customary for males to kiss on one cheek and then the other while shaking hands with their partners, and for women to do the same with their partners. The lady must always offer her hand first in a greeting between men and women, regardless of the situation. If she does not, a man should bend his head in welcome
  • Otherwise, he should shake her hand.

Gift Giving Etiquette

  • In the event that you are invited to a dinner party at an Egyptian family house, bring good-quality chocolates, candies, or pastries to the hostess
  • Give flowers, which are often designated for weddings or the sick, only if you are certain that the hosts would like them
  • Otherwise, avoid giving flowers. Giving a tiny present to the youngsters demonstrates affection. Gifts should always be given with the right hand, or both hands if the present is particularly substantial. When gifts are received, they are not opened. Learn more about gift-giving etiquette in the Arab world by reading this article.

Dining Etiquette

If you are invited into an Egyptian’s home, you should do the following:

  • If you are welcomed to an Egyptian’s home, you should do the following:

Table manners

  • Keep your eyes peeled for the host or hostess to direct you where to seat
  • Only the right hand should be used to eat
  • Taken in the right spirit, second helpings are regarded a genuine praise. Always express gratitude for the meal you’ve received. In certain circles, seasoning your meal with salt is seen superfluous
  • When you are through eating, only a minimal bit of food should be left on your plate. In any other case, they will continue to fill it up for you
  • It is essential to the Egyptian way of life that food and hospitality are provided.

In Giza, camels are waiting for more tourists. Unsplash image courtesy of Omar Elsharawyon

Business Etiquette and Protocol in Egypt

  • Due to the fact that Egyptians prefer to do business with people they know and respect, expect to spend time building a personal relationship before conducting business. People value relationships above knowledge, which is why it is critical to network and nurture a large number of contracts. As a sign of goodwill, anticipate being offered a cup of coffee or tea anytime you meet someone new. Even if you do not drink the beverage, you should always accept it. Declining the offer is interpreted as rejecting the individual. Because Egyptians assess individuals based on their looks, it is important to dress in excellent quality conservative clothing and to show yourself well at all times. Egyptians think that direct eye contact is a sign of honesty and sincerity, so be prepared for intense glances that are disconcertingly intense. Egyptians are expressive and utilize hand gestures to express themselves when they are thrilled. Most of the time, they speak gently, yet they can also yell and bang their heads on the table. This is not an indication of rage
  • Rather, it is an attempt to make a point to the viewer. You should show respect to the most senior member of the organization, who will also serve as the group’s public face and spokesperson. The importance of hierarchy and position in this country cannot be overstated.
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Business Meeting Etiquette

  • Appointments are required, and they should be scheduled in advance. It is necessary to confirm the meeting one week in advance, either in writing or by phone
  • Reconfirm the meeting a day or two before it takes place. Meetings are normally not held in secret unless there is a pressing need to address sensitive issues in confidence. Egyptians, in general, have an open-door attitude, even while they are in a meeting
  • As a result, you may suffer many interruptions throughout your meeting. Others may even stroll into the room and initiate a whole separate debate from where you are now. You are welcome to participate, but please refrain from attempting to return the conversation to the original topic until the new person has left. The activities of high-level government officials are frequently more in line with western corporate traditions, such as holding private meetings without interruption. Business meetings usually begin after a series of lengthy questions about health, family, and other matters. Whenever possible, send both an English and an Egyptian Arabic translation of the agenda and presentation materials in advance of the meeting.

Your business experience in Egypt will be greatly influenced by the generation of people with whom you are interacting. Younger Egyptians are extremely clever and less formal than their elders. Photo courtesy of Yasin Mohamed on Unsplash

Business Negotiation

  • The importance of the social aspect of business cannot be overstated. To conduct business in Egypt, you must be well-known and liked by the locals. When it comes to long-term business, personal ties are essential. Business is structured in a hierarchical manner. After reaching an agreement among the group, the highest-ranking individual takes choices. Ultimately, decisions are reached after extensive deliberation. If the government is involved, negotiations will take considerably longer to complete because clearance must frequently be granted by ministers from a variety of ministries. Small businesses operate at a snail’s pace. There is a great deal of bureaucracy in the society. It may take numerous trips to complete a basic activity
  • This is normal. Older persons with outstanding credentials should be included in your team since Egyptians value wisdom and experience
  • However, this is not always possible. It’s reasonable to expect a decent bit of haggling. Egyptians seldom consider a proposal to be final
  • Coping with rejection is difficult for Egyptians, who despise the word “no.” Usually, if they do not answer, this is a negative indication. Research and proof should always be included to back up your statements. It is not necessary to deploy high-pressure methods. Egyptians are strong negotiators
  • They will not back down.

Dress Etiquette

  • Formal and tasteful business dress is required. If you want to make a good first impression, you should dress appropriately. Ideally, men should dress in dark-colored, lightweight business suits that are conservative in nature, at least for the first encounter. Men should refrain from wearing noticeable jewelry, particularly around their faces and necks
  • And Women must take care to properly conceal their shoulders and breasts. Slightly above the knee skirts and dresses, and sleeves that cover the majority of the arm are recommended.

Business Cards

  • Business cards are distributed without the need of a formal procedure. Prepare a translation into Egyptian Arabic for one side of your business card. Always give the card to the person who will be receiving it so that they may read it. Make it a point to carefully examine any business cards you get before placing them in your business card case.


  • Consult our guide on Egyptian Management Culture for more information on what it takes to be a manager in Egypt.

Take the Quiz on Egypt

Take our quiz about Egypt and see if you can get an 85 percent or above on it. Test your knowledge of the country. Once you click on the link, you have three minutes to complete the task!

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Culture & Lifestyle

The Egyptian Way of Life Egypt is cosmopolitan due to the fact that it is the ideal mix of many different civilizations. Egypt’s culture and tradition is similar to a melting pot, in which many cultures and traditions have combined to form a beautiful image and attitude that accepts new and updated ideas in order to produce a liberal environment in the surrounding area. In their pleasant demeanor toward foreigners and visitors, Egyptians demonstrate their liberal attitude toward freedom. Whenever asked, Egyptians will always be willing to share their time and energy with others whom they know nothing about or do not know at all.

  • All of these wonderful reminiscences are the nicest part of your trip to Egypt, and they will stay with you as a lasting memory for the rest of your life.
  • If you have any questions for them, they will gladly respond to you.
  • Egyptian families are highly respected for their honesty, and the head of the family assumes full responsibility for running the family in a correct manner while placing a strong emphasis on behavior.
  • The fact that traveling in Egypt’s cities is safer than traveling in any other major worldwide destination, including for women traveling alone, may be one of the reasons for this.
  • Nowadays, Egyptian females in general are highly educated, well groomed, and they assume responsibilities in the working sphere as well as in their personal lives.
  • Some Egyptian females choose to cover their hair with a scarf, which has been a prevalent trend among young women in recent years.
  • Egypt is a perfectly safe country for women to travel in.

Wearing appropriate clothing and walking along the street in a common or covered dress is always recommended.

Calendar In Egypt, the Western/Georgian calendar is used by both the economic and religious communities, but other calendars are also generally accepted in this nation.

As a result, the Muslim year is approximately 11 days shorter than the Georgian year.

It is divided into 12 months of 30 days and 1 month of 5 days, with each month lasting 30 days.

Aside from the Coptic Orthodox Church, farmers frequently use the Coptic calendar for date reminders, calculations, and the counting of the days in the year.

The ancient Egyptians were noted for their love of music and their appeal at every level of private and public life.

They make horn blowing sounds.

Many enjoyed performing with instruments and singing as well.

String instruments like as the harp, sesame, oud, Kanon, Al Rababah, and other string instruments are among the most popular musical instruments.

Authentic Egyptian ClothesEgypt is distinguished by the range of surroundings and civilizations that have resulted in a magnificent combination of authentic Egyptian clothing, with the most noticeable aspect being the mummies.

The garments’ origins may be traced back to their Egyptian origins. With its many cotton fabrics, it is a design that is both diversified and varied. Nubian, rural, and Bedouin cultures all coexist on Egypt’s land, resulting in a diverse history.

Pharaonic fashion

Since prehistoric times, the environment in Egypt has compelled people to dress in light, pore-light clothes made of flax yarn, which was the most readily accessible material at the time, with wool and cotton being employed in succeeding centuries.

Bedouin fashion

Sinai and Siwa Oasis in Egypt have their unique uniforms, as well as a plethora of jewelry and headgear, which is distinguished by a rich embroidery in a variety of gorgeous hues. They also have belts, brocade, and masks with a lot of silver, gold, and silver on their faces as well.

Nubian fashion

This costume has a unique appeal, as its vocabulary and forms reflect many of the characteristics of Pharaonic civilization. It is a special costume that is similar to the nature of the people of Nubia, as well as their villages in the far south, on the banks of the Nile, with palm trees on either side. On most occasions, with the exception of weddings, males in Nubian culture wear the same uniform. Female variation is distinguished by age and social standing; we see women wearing robes embroidered in light colors before marriage, and after marriage, wearing robes adorned with costly feathers and vibrant colors, including red, which is not permitted to be worn before marriage.

  1. Locations of WorshipMosques and churches are regarded sacred places by Egyptians, and travelers from other countries should respect their reverence for these places of worship, which include mosques and churches.
  2. Women are asked to have their heads covered during the ceremony.
  3. Friday is regarded as one of the most terrifying days of the week.
  4. During this month, Egyptians keep their eyes open at night and devote their time to prayer and spiritual pursuits.
  5. Egypt under Islamic rule Islam flourished in Egypt throughout the early dynasty eras, such as the Fatimid and Ayyubid dynasties, and Egypt rose to prominence as a significant cultural, political, and social power in the Islamic world during this time period.
  6. In 1798, the entrance of a French force commanded by Napoleon altered the political landscape of Egypt, which had been ruled by Muhammad Ali, who had become the hereditary king.
  7. Egypt’s Islamic heritage includes a remarkable amount of Islamic art and architecture, which can be seen in Cairo’s Al-Mu’izz al-Din Street, El Azhar Street, Darb al-Ahmar Street, El Saliba Street, and Salah ad-Din Square, among other places.
  8. They are regarded to be descended from the ancient Egyptians and to be among the first peoples to embrace Christian beliefs and practices.
  9. Egyptian Cuisine is a type of cuisine that originates in Egypt.
  10. And one of the most well-known Egyptian dishes is Koshari, which includes Malukhya, the musacaa, Alexandrian liver, stuffed pigeon, beans, tortillas with meat, and Hawawshi, among others.

Egypt in the twenty-first century The distinct difference between the numerous historical eras that span from ancient Egypt to the Roman Empire, and the Islamic era to the current history of Egypt will be seen in Egypt today, as will be revealed in the following sections: Skyscrapers, freeways, international hotels, restaurants, enormous advertising, western apparel, as well as historical monuments, historic mosques, Coptic churches, and traditional marketplaces can all be found in Cairo, as can be found in most of Egypt’s main cities, including Alexandria.

In a one-of-a-kind mosaic artwork – contemporary Egypt Egypt has grown and expanded over the past few decades to become the contemporary heart of the African continent.

The major Egyptian cities are connected by a network of modern motorways that runs through the country.

Furthermore, Egypt’s telecommunications networks are witnessing rapid growth, with wireless and Internet services increasing in recent years, providing the infrastructure required to keep the country on its current development path.

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