- 1 hip-hop
- 2 Origins and the old school
- 3 What is hip hop and why does it matter?
- 4 What is Hip-Hop and why does it matter?
- 5 “Stakes is high” – De La Soul
- 6 “What began in basements, on street corners, in public parks, and throughout the still of the night would furnish young people fertile spaces for crafting new identities, explosive art forms, and later, whole industries.” – S. Craig Watkins
- 7 “Hip-Hop past all your tall social hurdlesLike the nationwide projects, prison-industry complexBroken glass wall better keep your alarm setStreets too loud to ever hear freedom sing”– Mos Def, Mathematics
- 8 A Commodified Culture
- 9 “The embrace of guns, gangsterism and ghetto authenticity brought an aura of celebrity and glamour to the grim yet fabulously hyped portraits of ghetto life. From the gangsta-inflected anthems of the nineties to the thugged-out caricatures of the new millennium, hop hop, or more precisely, corporate hip hop, played its role with chilling precision. But there was nothing glamorous about the problems that characterise America’s decades-old urban crisis.”– S. Craig Watkins
- 10 Today – Black Lives Matter, Neoliberalism, and the Hip-Hop Mogul
- 11 Hip-Hop Culture
- 12 BIBLIOGRAPHY
- 13 Introduction to the Hip Hop culture
- 14 What is Hip-Hop?
- 15 Musical Features of Hip-Hop
- 16 Subgenres and Examples
- 17 What Is Hip Hop Dance? Learn the History & Moves at Home
- 18 The History of Hip Hop Culture
- 19 What does “Hip Hop” mean?
- 20 Hip Hop music and Hip Hop dance
- 21 Hip Hop dancers
- 22 The culture of Breaking
- 23 Hip Hop party dance
- 24 Other “Hip Hop” styles?
- 25 Hip Hop dance in the media
- 26 Mainstream media’s effect on Hip Hop
- 27 What Hip Hop dance means to us
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the four main elements of hip-hop?
Hip-hop is a cultural movement that gained great appeal in the 1980s and 1990s; it is also the music that serves as the background for rap, a musical style that incorporates rhythmic and/or rhyming speaking that has become the movement’s most lasting and important artistic expression.
Origins and the old school
While often used as a synonym for rap music, the term hip-hop refers to a multifaceted subculture comprised of four elements: deejaying, also known as “turntabling,” rapping, also known as “MCing” or “rhyming,” graffitipainting, also known as “graf” or “writing,” and “B-boying,” which includes hip-hop dance, style, and attitude, as well as the type of virile body language that philosopherCorn (“Knowledge of self/consciousness” is a fifth ingredient that is occasionally added to the list of hip-hop elements, especially by socially concerned hip-hop artists and researchers.) Hip-hop began in the largely African-American and economically impoverished South Bronx district of New York City in the late 1970s, when the genre was first popularized.
- The beginnings of the hip-hop movement are cloaked in mystery, intrigue, and obfuscation since it originated on the periphery of society.
- According to legend, the graffiti movement was launched in 1972 by a Greek American adolescent who wrote, or “tagged,” Taki 183 (his name and the street where he lived, 183rd Street), on walls all around the subway system in New York City.
- Influential art dealers in the United States, Europe, and Japan began exhibiting graffiti at prominent galleries within a short period of time.
- graffiti In New York City, the Empire State Building looms above a wall of graffiti, creating a dramatic contrast.
- His name was DJKool Herc (Clive Campbell), and he was the first prominent hip-hop deejay.
- His music was created by fusing percussion bits from ancient records with popular dance tracks on two turntables, which resulted in a continuous flow of sound.
- Break dancing competitions grew in popularity as the top dancers developed a repertoire of acrobatic and occasionally aerial routines, such as gravity-defying headspins and backspins, which they performed in front of an audience.
- Grandmaster Flash accepting an award in 2006.
- Grandmaster Flash invented the technique of needle dropping, which allowed him to extend brief drum breaks by playing two copies of the same record at the same time and sliding the needle on one turntable back to the beginning of the break while the other played.
- Kool Herc is widely regarded as the founder of modern rapping because of his spoken interjections over records.
- With the release of the Sugarhill Gang’s song “Rapper’s Delight” (1979) on the independent African American-owned record labelSugar Hill, rap first gained national attention in the United States.
A few of the most important early MCs and deejays were Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, Kurtis Blow, and the Cold Crush Brothers, whose Grandmaster Caz is controversially considered by some to be the true author of some of the most powerful lyrics in “Rapper’s Delight.” These pioneers comprised what is known as rap’s “old school.”
What is hip hop and why does it matter?
Register for our Free Hip-Hop HNC Workshop on May 3rd, 2021, by clicking here. More information about the events may be found here.
What is Hip-Hop and why does it matter?
Our brand newHip Hop & Rap HND pathwaywill begin offering classes in the next academic year, and we wish to give some critical background for students before then. In light of the recent BlackLivesMatterprotests that brought racial disparities to light, it seems necessary to acknowledge hip-African-American hop’s roots in this country. White audiences and society make extensive use of and commodification of Black culture, as well as co-opting and even stealing it – therefore it is critical that we check ourselves whenever we can.
- This list includes some excellent readings on the significance of hip-hop as Black pop culture – how it has been represented, received, and produced – as well as some great readings on the significance of hip-hop as Black popular culture.
- Hip-hop has been speaking truth to power and challenging the status quo for several decades.
- Unfortunately, not much has changed in today’s world, and many of hip-messages hop’s are still quite pertinent.
- The importance of understanding how hip hop developed within the historical framework of the African American experience cannot be overstated, nor can the importance of avoiding some of the typical cultural myths and connections associated with hip hop.
“Stakes is high” – De La Soul
Many prominent music genres trace their origins to the Black community. You name it: rock & roll, techno, jazz, disco, and everything in between. The term “whitewashing” refers to the practice of erasing the origins of certain genres throughout history, such as Elvis becoming known as the “King” of Rock n’ Roll, which was originally pioneered by African American musicians, or current concerns that European electronic music is erasing its Black origins (read about the campaign called “Make Techno Black Again”).
For the most part, it’s still referred to as ‘black culture’ – it’s even synonymous with the term “black culture” (which can be problematically essentialist).
Hip-hop was founded in New York by members of Black, Latino, and marginalized groups, and hip-hop in the mainstream evolved to be mostly associated with Black culture.
Originally developed in the Bronx, New York in the 1970s among African American and Latino urban communities, hip-hop was a product of the synthesis of many different cultural forces and influences.
The rise of a thriving new youth culture occurred in the middle of what Professor Trica Rose refers to as the “ghetto segregation of the post-civil rights period.” The late twentieth-century urban black youth experience and awareness, according to Layli Phillps, “inspires hip hop as an oppositional cultural domain founded in the socio-political and historical experiences and consciousness of economically disadvantaged urban black youth.”
“What began in basements, on street corners, in public parks, and throughout the still of the night would furnish young people fertile spaces for crafting new identities, explosive art forms, and later, whole industries.” – S. Craig Watkins
As a reaction to the socio-economic situations in Black and Brown neighborhoods, hip-hop developed in part. Hip-hop culture encompassed a wide range of activities and was not limited to music; beatboxing, DJing, street art, graffiti, dancing, braids, and hairstyles were all developed as part of the movement. In general, the term “hip hop” refers to the whole culture, whereas the term “rap” (or MCing) refers to the art of creating rhymes and poetry, which originated in the battle raps that would take place on the streets.
The Jamaican-born DJ, according to The Independent, “would often speak over a rhythmic beat – a practice known within the music genre as toasting.” At parties in his high-rise apartment, he “would extend the beat of a record using two players, isolating the drum “breaks” by using a mixer to switch between the two – or, as it’s more commonly known: scratching,” says the publication.
As a product of its socio-economic context, the music evolved to actively represent these situations as well, giving it a political edge over other forms of expression. Protest rap, also known as conscious rap, developed in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s, thanks to artists like as Public Enemy, De La Soul, A Tribe Called Quest, NAS, Mos Def, and N.W.A. – who made frequent allusions to the Black Power movement of the 1950s and 1960s. It was a reactive response to mainstream culture – a force in opposition to the establishment of the state.
; Ice T; KRS One; Eazy E; Westside Connection), which frequently went over into political or protest music.
Many racial injustices, such as the American Prison Industrial Complex, where Black men are disproportionately incarcerated (what Michelle Alexander calls the “New Jim Crow”), white police brutality against Black bodies, and the socio-economic conditions of Black urban communities that contribute to factors such as Black on Black crime, were reflected and responded to through hip-hop.
A Commodified Culture
Following the mainstreaming of hip-hop, the genre has become increasingly commoditized and is widely consumed by white audiences. A popular and essentialist manner of seeing this generation of Black teenagers emerged as a result of the popularization of the ‘gangsta image’ in pop culture. Hip-hop has a lot of essential things to say about many topics. Nevertheless, as the culture got increasingly commodified and popular with the general public, some aspects were emphasized in order to sell more albums, such as references to violence, ‘Thug’ or ‘gangsta’ lifestyles, and even sexist lyrics.
Numerous people have claimed that hip-hop may teach us a great deal more than just these fundamental assumptions and prejudices.
Hip hop, in the opinion of many critics, is criminal propaganda. As hip-hop historian Tricia Rose points out, “this literal approach, which reaches beyond the person to categorize a whole race and socioeconomic group, is rarely used to violence-oriented arts produced by whites.”
“The embrace of guns, gangsterism and ghetto authenticity brought an aura of celebrity and glamour to the grim yet fabulously hyped portraits of ghetto life. From the gangsta-inflected anthems of the nineties to the thugged-out caricatures of the new millennium, hop hop, or more precisely, corporate hip hop, played its role with chilling precision. But there was nothing glamorous about the problems that characterise America’s decades-old urban crisis.”– S. Craig Watkins
Some aspects of rap lyric and video material are frequently criticized in the mainstream for their representation and treatment of women, despite the efforts of numerous critics (such as Tricia Rose and Imani Perry) to reclaim black women’s status within the genre. There have always been a large number of female participants in hip-hop culture, and this has been true from its inception. According to the authors, studying the work of female artists can create a space for more subversive and nuanced interpretations of hip-hop culture to take place.
Furthermore, black female rappers have claimed a key position in hip hop, which is something that ought to be highlighted.
Conscious artists such as Lauryn Hill and Erykah Badu have received widespread acclaim for their work celebrating Black womanhood, and even so-called ‘female Gangsta rappers’ such as Lil’ Kim and Foxy Brown have arguably created some transgressive space for Black female performers in hip-hop history.
Tricia Rose’s bookBlack Noise examines the sexual politics of rap, specifically the ways in which black women rappers negotiate—either by refusing or inadvertently perpetuating—dominant sexual and racial narratives in American culture.
Writing by black female authors such as Hazel Carby, Angela Davis, and Bell Hooks relates to the complexities of black female expression and, more especially, the black American female experience — a theme that runs throughout their work.
Today – Black Lives Matter, Neoliberalism, and the Hip-Hop Mogul
Since hip-hop has grown into such a global phenomenon, it has generated some of the world’s most famous musicians. The likes of Ice Cube, Queen Latifah, Jay Z, Kanye West, and Will Smith have all achieved the status of “mogul,” crossing over into other industries such as fashion or Hollywood and effectively creating a brand out of their star identity, resulting in incredible financial success for themselves and their families. Other hip-hop pioneers, such as Russell Simmons (Def Jam), have earned the title of hip-hop moguls, which refers to businesspeople who are regarded as belonging to the ‘hip hop generation.’ When these producers first appeared, it was during the period when hip-hop was becoming more widely available for purchase, which finally corresponded with the political environment of Neoliberalism.
It was through the collaboration of successful Black personalities and illusions of a post-racial society that they were able to create the illusion that the United States was free of racial injustice — systematic or otherwise.
Hip-hop, according to several scholars, was “complexly driven by some of the worst societal tendencies connected with neoliberalism, such as rising inequality, severe marketisation, mass criminalization, and chronic unemployment.” According to hip-hop historian Eithne Quinn, while many political rappers took positions in opposition to these developments, mainstream hip-hop culture “frequently praised consumerism and entrepreneurship with all the passion of folks who have’made it’ despite awful odds.” While hip hop has retained its political edge, it is also arguably re-establishing the consciousness and resistance of certain early protest hip-hop, as well as taking a step away from the hyper-commodified, hyper-sexualised forms of the music that dominated the 1990s and 2000s.
Hip-hop is and has always been more than a musical genre, and it has had and continues to have a lasting and unique importance.
BlackLivesMatter’s hip-hop-savvy radicalism has liberated commercial rap from its default modern setting — the one that gave rise to the breezy millennial perception that “hip-hop” was synonymous with a consumer market where rowdy, rhyming negro gentleman callers and ballers sold vernacular song and dance to an adoringly vicarious and increasingly whiter public – a fair portion of whom are undeniably apathetic to In hip-hop, there’s so much to unpack that it’s difficult to cover it all in one post – but we hope that this has offered a tiny beginning to accomplishing exactly that.
- If you have any questions about anything we’ve covered, please don’t hesitate to ask them in the comments section below.
- The following article was prepared by Isobel Trott, our social media and digital marketing editor.
- ~Sources “From Black Power to Hip Hop: Racism, Nationalism, and Feminism” is a book on racism, nationalism, and feminism.
- Imani Perry’s ” Prophets of the Hood: Politics and Poetics in Hip Hop” is a book about hip hop politics and poetry.
- – Tricia Rose et al.
- – Tricia Rose et al.
” That’s the Joint, right there!
In “Hip-Hop Revolution: The Culture and Politics of Rap,” Murray Forman and Mark Anthony Neal co-edited a collection of essays.
Eithne Quinn is a writer and poet.
Eithne Quinn is a writer and poet.
Writing about race includes: Hip-Hop Culture and the Production of Black Cinema–S.
More news from the academy of music and sound
On the 10th of January in the year 2022, from The Blog As part of this year’s FREE Women in Music Short Course, we’ve asked speakers from the music business to speak about their experiences. On the 6th of January in the year 2022, AMS Sound Production professor and bassist for Pattern Pusher Ben Green joins us for this installment of Many Hats, our second installment of Many Hats. On the 2nd of December in the year 2021, Ailsa Harper joins us for this installment of Many Hats. If you’ve been to a Wide Days event or listened to a Fatherson record in the last few years, you’re probably familiar with the band.
As part of this year’s FREE Women in Music Short Course, we’ve asked speakers from the music business to speak about their experiences.
On the 2nd of December in the year 2021, Ailsa Harper joins us for this installment of Many Hats.
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Hip-hop culture has always had a complicated relationship with race, and this is no exception. It has been a long time since the beginning of hip-hop that the relationship between race and hip-hop has been fractured, decentralized, and, in many ways, changeable. Hip-hop first appeared in the Bronx, New York, in the early 1970s, according to legend. The negative repercussions of a postindustrial society and a fast changing economy were mirrored in the economic environment that spurred the development of the company.
- At the same time, the social and racial settings in which hip-hop emerged were complex, and they have not yet been thoroughly investigated.
- Hip-hop would not exist in its current form if it were not for the many and different contributions of pioneers and musicians from the Caribbean and Latin America, as well as their African American neighbors and peers in the Bronx and other regions of New York City.
- DJ-ing/turntablism, B-boying/breaking, MC-ing/rapping, and visual/graffiti art are some of the elements that make up the culture.
- Hip-hop was born out of the convergence of these elements in the West and South Bronx, which resulted in a cultural revolution.
- A brief discussion of these features emphasizes their initial genesis and sets the setting for the appropriate racial categorizations, which are discussed later.
- DJ-ing is also known as disc jockeying.
- When the break beats were isolated and looped at the beginning of the original hip-hop songs, B-boys would break (parties).
It’s important not to miss or minimize the relationship that exists between the highly percussive or beat-oriented elements of hiphop music and the influence of the drum in African and African-American cultures.
The hip-hop MC is the verbal arbitrator of the culture he or she represents.
Hip-poets, hop’s MCs, and rappers have emerged as the primary promoters of rap music’s supremacy on the mainstream cultural scene in recent years.
Graffiti has, in fact, been around since the beginning of time.
Youth from impoverished inner-city communities were able to express themselves creatively through graffiti because most public institutions did not offer them with adequate artistic outlets.
A large number of academics have cited hip-graffiti hop’s art as one of the most powerful signs of young people’s recovery of public spaces, which have been completely privatized in this postmodern period.
While not intending to promote white supremacy in hip-hop culture, the following is a brief outline of several seminal figures in its origins, development, and growth.
To begin with, DJ Kool Herc is widely regarded as the undisputed originator of hip-hop culture (Clive Campbell).
He is best known for his work with the band The Wailers.
He discovered these forms in the summer of 1973 when he took over as DJ for his sister’s birthday party, which was held in the recreation room of their housing project.
From that moment on, the hip-hop “jam” evolved into the fastest-growing and most engaging form of young people’s entertainment on the planet.
The lyrical stylings and live performances of James Brown in particular influenced Kool Herc’s desire to isolate the break rhythms of songs in order to expand the most danceable portions of the original hip-hop jams.
Beyond being one of the earliest and most eclectic hip-hop DJs (using music from Japan and Germany, as well as borrowing and sampling from electronica and disco), Afika Bambaataa is best known as a founding member of the Black Spades, one of the most notorious and largest street gangs in the United States of America.
- As a result, the Zulu Nation was founded, which has grown to become the largest and longest-running community arts group in hip-hop culture.
- Although “breaking” (also known as “break dancing”) has had an impact on young people from many walks of life, the initial pioneers were of Latin American descent.’ The Rock Steady Crew was one of the first and most dominant breaking teams to emerge.
- He has been in a number of Hollywood films, including Flashdance(1983) and Beatstreet(1984) (1984).
- Busy Bee was one of the first MCs to appear on the scene, and she appeared in the pioneering docudramaWild Style (1982).
Historically, the best rappers and MCs have tended to be of African-American descent; names such as Rakim, Jay-Z, Nas, and Tupac Shakur are frequently mentioned in this context, though this does not exclude Notorious B.I.G., whose Jamaican American heritage informed his milky and melodic lyrical delivery.
- His “graf tag,” taki183, is credited with being one of the first monikers to become “all-city” (i.e., to be known in all five boroughs of New York City) as a result of its widespread use on subway trains and in various districts around the city.
- Without a doubt, “graf art” is another facet of hip-hop in which being of African-American descent is not a precondition for creative or financial success.
- But each aspect, via its pioneers and most prominent contributors, frequently shows a specific ethnicity’s fondness for artistic expression in one way or another.
- Similarly, Latin American acrobats have been more renowned in breaking and B-boying than they have been in MCing or rapping.
In the end, these racial designations and categorizations undermine the spirit of hip-hop culture, which tends to allow individuals of all backgrounds to join in and experience what has become the most prevalent and popular form of entertainment in the early twenty-first century around the globe.
ALSO CONSIDERED Rap music is a kind of black popular culture.
Chang, Jeff, et al., 2005. Can’t Stop, Won’t Stop: A History of the HipHop Generation is a book on the hip-hop generation. St Martin’s Press, New York, n.d. Forman, Murray, and Mark are three individuals who 2004. Anthony Neal and colleagues. That’s the Joint, right there! The Hip-Hop Studies Reader is a collection of essays on hip-hop culture. The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Routledge. Nelson George published a book in 1998 titled Hip Hop America is a subgenre of hip hop music.
James Peterson is a well-known author.
Introduction to the Hip Hop culture
|The Hip Hop began. in the 1970s -It was a direct result of overflowing creativity, suppressed energy, and a lack ofavailable outlets for release and expression of local area teens and young adults in an impoverished area.Funding for afterschool programs, music, and art classes had been dropped.The effect was gangs and violence due to lack of recreational outlets. Afrika Bambaataa, along with DJ Kool Herc, Busy Bee Starski, and DJ Hollywood, began organizing block parties in the Bronx area whichstarted the humble beginnings of hip hop.The result of their endeavors grew into what is known as the hip hop culture of today. “Rap is what we do, hip hop is how we live”-KRS One|
|The Hip Hop Culture||What is Hip Hop?||Styles and Clothing||Artists and Music||Graffiti|
“This is a photograph of Afrika Bambaataa, one of the founding members of Hip Hop.” Hip hop is comprised of several elements, including MCing, DJing, graffiti, and break dance. Rap music is the most well-known component of hip hop today, and it is a combination of two of the most important components: DJing and MCing. Rap music is a mixture of two of the most important components: DJing and MCing. Rap music is comprised of artists from many genres of hip hop vocal expression, as well as the music to which the artists “rap.” Rap music is composed of two parts: the vocal expression of the artists and the music to which they “rap.” The “music” may be made up of any number of different elements, such as blending music from other songs, making noises with your lips, drum beats, clapping your hands, or any number of other creative noise combinations.
- Whatever the DJ wants to play as “music,” the more creative it is, the more popular it becomes.
- The raps contain the usage of metaphors that must be simple for the audience to connect to, as well as brilliant rhymes and non-rhymes that must all be done in sync with the rhythm of the music.
- Break dancing is a creative expression of hip hop culture through a distinct kind of dance that is unique to the genre.
- It is believed that break dancing and rapping developed to provide an alternative means for gangs to “fight” their rivals without resorting to actual violence.
- This kind of expression can be regarded as either art or garbage, depending on the perspective of the observer.
- Despite the fact that it was not a key component of hip hop’s roots, it has evolved into a significant mode of expression for this culture.
- Many hip hop musicians have their own apparel and shoe lines, which they promote heavily.
The fashion and style of the hip hop culture may also serve as a simple expression of the individual and his or her surroundings; this is especially true of the popular white and black t-shirts worn with baggy, sagging jeans, which have grown increasingly popular.
What is Hip-Hop?
Hip hop is more than a musical genre: it is a cultural movement that encompasses music, poetry, dance, art, fashion, and political ideology, among other things. A lot of people use the terms rap and hip-hop interchangeably, however hip-hop is really a cultural movement (which includes music), whereas rap is a specific musical method that is frequently used in hip-hop music, according to the official definition. African hip-hop pioneer Afrika Bambaata asserts that there are four foundations of hip-hop, which are as follows:
- Rapping (also known as MCing) is a vocal technique that employs rhythm and words, but does not often include a melody. A more accurate comparison would be reading poetry over a backbeat, as opposed to singing (which, by definition, includes melody). Even the phrase “rapping” originates from a 1970s colloquialism for “talking”
- Anyone who speaks, whether or not they are singing or performing, might be considered to be “rapping,” according to the dictionary. As hip-hop culture grew in popularity, the term “rap” came to have a more limited meaning. Rapping is now a distinguishing aspect of most (but not all) hip-hop music, while turntablism (also known as DJing) is a method of creating music using a turntable. A DJ uses recordings made by other artists to make mixes, blend sounds, and modify the music in order to create something entirely new and different. Physical interference with the turntable’s gear, either speeding it up or slowing it down, was traditionally used to alter the sound as it was being played. DJs nowadays employ digital instruments to generate a similar type of sound
- Breakdancing (also known as BBoy/BGirling) is an acrobatic and physically difficult style of dance that only a small number of performers have mastered (example). Breakdancing has been a fundamental part of hip-hop culture since its creation, but since it is so difficult to master, it has not attained the same level of public acceptance as other components of hip-hop culture. Street art (also known as graffiti) is a type of visual art that is often created with spray paint and a colorful, chaotic visual style. It’s important to note that not all graffiti may be identified with hip-hop culture
- Yet, the hip-hop movement established a distinct graffiti style that’s easily identifiable.
Musical Features of Hip-Hop
The interplay between the rapper and the beat is a defining characteristic of many hip-hop music. Hip-hop beats are primarily created using electronic instruments or samples of previous recordings; hip-hop musicians do not normally perform with actual instruments on the stage during their performances. Finding new methods to combine different beats and melodies in order to get the desired effect is where the creativity comes in. Hip-hop rhythms range from minimalist and relaxing to fast and furious: J Cole is available for free.
- Too harsh and gloomy: However, they all have a driving, constant pace and (for the most part) only a limited degree of musical sophistication in order not to detract from the primary attraction: the rapper himself.
- Rappers express themselves through the use of rhythm, lyrics, and vocal tone.
- Additionally, rappers modify the timbre of their voice, employing forceful yells or delicate flourishes based on the creative requirements of the song.
- Great rappers make extensive use of poetic techniques such as internal rhyming, meter, and double entendre in their music.
Subgenres and Examples
Grandmaster Flash is a fictional character created by the author Grandmaster Flash. hip hop was founded as a youth movement in New York City in the late 1970s, according to the Message HQ. Its fundamental musical concepts, particularly rapping, were derived from funk, R&B, and early electronic music. Lyrically, it was concerned with societal concerns, which is still a prominent topic in contemporary hip-hop, particularly the “conscious” trend. In the 1990s and 2000s, mainstream hip-hop shifted away from social issues and toward more ego-centric topics such as money, automobiles and lifestyle.
Take note of how Grandmaster Flash maintains a consistent, steady tempo and tone in his voice throughout the song rather than altering things up from verse to verse. In the world of music, this is referred to as staccato.
- Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, Afrika Bambaata, Run-DMC, and Doug E. Fresh are among the artists that have performed at the festival.
b. West Coast Hip-Hop
In New York, hip-hop had its start, and to this day, the bulk of rappers come from the East Coast, particularly New York. However, there have always been a small number of hip-hop pioneers from the West Coast, including legendary MCs such as Snoop Dogg and Tupac Shakur. West coast hip-hop has a looser overall vibe, and the lyrics tend to be rougher and more aggressive than those found in other styles. The abrasive lyrics of the Los Angeles rap group NWA, which were a reflection of the harsh society that gave rise to rap in the first place, provoked outrage and led to the disbanding of the group.
When you listen to Snoop’s mega-hit “GinJuice” (1994), you can notice the move from traditional hip-hop to a more contemporary approach.
In addition, he employs a melodic “hook,” which is a significant musical motif in pop music.
This type of song structure was critical in establishing hip-hop as a popular genre in the mainstream.
Trap is a strong, viciously melodic form of hip-hop that originated in the South and has now spread around the world. “Trap homes,” or run-down dwellings where addicts acquire and consume drugs (therefore fueling the “trap” of drug addiction), are the inspiration for the term. A slow-burning vibe is created by the powerful bass and extensive usage of minorkey tones in trap music. Trap music has seen a significant increase in popularity in recent years, as more and more musicians have combined its melancholy melodies with the wild energy of electronic dance music (EDM).
Many of its tracks are instrumental, consisting just of an electronic beat and melody, with no human vocalist present – hence, unlike other subgenres of hip-hop, it is not usually centered on rapping or rapping samples!
Hello and welcome to the world of Rap and Hip Hop Culture! This website serves as a one-stop shop for all of the student materials available to complement Rap and Hip Hop Culture studies. Rap and Hip Hop Culture are two terms that are used interchangeably. This documentary explores the ideological, social, historical, and cultural elements that shaped a musical genre that originally gained notoriety in one of New York’s most challenging areas, the South Bronx, in the mid-1970s. DJing, MCing, breakin’, and graffiti were all created as a means for this community’s attempt to discover its own voice, as described by Orejuela.
A central theme running through this informative text is the inclusion of prominent rappers, record producers, and other voices from the rap and hip hop movements, who are profiled in order to illuminate the underlying issues of racism, poverty, prejudice, and artistic freedom that have been part of rap and hip hop’s ongoing legacy.
What Is Hip Hop Dance? Learn the History & Moves at Home
It is a kind of movement marked by bounces and rockers performed to Hip Hop music that is known as Hip Hop Dance. Although it originated in Black neighborhoods in New York City during the 1970s, it has profound historical and social roots in African American culture as a whole. Even while Hip Hop dance is commonly referred to as a single style, it is in fact a subset of the larger Hip Hop culture, which encompasses Deejaying, Graffiti, Emceeing, as well as various sub-styles of dance, such as Breaking, among others.
The History of Hip Hop Culture
Growing up in the Bronx in the 1970s was a difficult and hazardous experience. The youngsters were surrounded by drugs, crime, poverty, gang violence, and a general sense of helplessness and hopelessness. Although they were marginalized by mainstream institutions, African American and Latino youngsters (minority groups) in particular were at best overlooked. They created their own creative forms out of desperation to find a means to escape the stresses of everyday life. These creative forms, which the young represented in the way they dressed, talked, moved, and expressed themselves, quickly evolved into a way of life for them.
Hip Hop is the term used to describe this way of life and culture.
The focus of their energies was turned away from narcotics and violence and instead toward important values such as uniqueness, creativity, individuality, respect, and community.
Deejaying, emceeing, breaking and dancing, and graffiti were more than simply recreational activities; they were refuges.
What does “Hip Hop” mean?
In the lecture below, KRS-One explains the etymology of the term “Hip Hop.” “Hip” is short for “present,” and “Hop” is short for “activity.” Hip hop is a cultural movement that promotes the freedom to study, grow, and progress as an individual. That same movement that inspired inner-city youngsters to pursue a better life continues to exist now, as it did back in the 1970s. It is stressed by him that in order to be considered Hip Hop, you must actively engage in the culture through the use of
Deejaying (turn tabling)
These are the five aspects that make up hip hop culture.
Hip Hop music and Hip Hop dance
Photo courtesy of The Guardian Turntablism, often known as deejaying, was the very first type of Hip Hop. During the 1980s, DJ Kool Herc (also known as the “Father of Hip Hop”) would organize block parties in the West Bronx (also known as the “birthplace of Hip Hop.” He would play music on his turntables, and people from the neighborhood would come out to socialize and dance with him. 1520 Sedgwick Avenue is the address of the landmark building where many of the earliest parties took place, and if you’ve ever heard of it, you’re on the right track.
(In funk and R B recordings, the breakbeat is the instrumental, percussive portion.) He also discovered a technique to stretch the breakbeat by isolating it and then playing it back to back on two turntables in a loop, which was essential to his employment as a DJ in order to maintain the enthusiasm of the party.
His ability to “precue” the beats and produce smooth transitions between the breaks was much enhanced as a result.
As this occurred, the Master of Ceremonies, often known as the MC or the Emcee, would pump up the DJ and the audience, keeping the party going.
By the late 1970s, DJs and emcees were gathering on a regular basis to – spin, scratch, cut, and mix for the benefit of the general public. Photograph courtesy of Voices of East Anglia
Hip Hop dancers
Breaking, which eventually became known as “breakdancing,” is a type of dance that originated as a result of these gatherings. Originally, Herc referred to these dancers as break boys (b-boys) and break girls (b-girls), owing to the fact that they performed to his break rhythms, which he looped. Steps from a standing posture and drops to the ground were also integrated into the early breaking. The performance also included movements linked with mock-battle forms and movement on the ground, such as spins and freezes, among other things.
(Rajakumar, number 19) The first generation of b-boys and b-girls come from a diverse range of backgrounds in the movement.
So imagine the following scene: a DJ spinning breakbeats, a group of dancers (young and angsty) trying to release emotion, demonstrate their power, or simply besomeone in public.
(Dimitriadis 181) (Dimitriadis 181) *Please keep in mind that Uprocking, also known as Rocking, is a separate dance form that originated before Breaking.
The culture of Breaking
Breaking bouts were transformed into tests of athleticism, attitude, creativity, and supremacy for the participants. Ballet boys and ballet ladies would compete against one another, aiming to outdo their opponent with each round. They gained pride, respect, a feeling of identity, and a sense of purpose as a result of participating in and winning conflicts. Dance fights can be viewed as a non-violent alternative to traditional fighting methods. Instead of using weapons or violence to establish themselves, they chose to do it via dance and movement.
Hip Hop party dance
However, not everyone was capable of performing the physically difficult techniques of Breaking, nor were they interested in competing. A different style of Hip Hop music also inspired people to move in a different way — one that is more sociable, light-hearted, and enjoyable. The Snake, the Chicken-head, the Cabbage Patch, the Harlem Shake, and the Running Man are just a few examples of these social or party dance techniques. The Happy Feet was a signature dance technique of the 1980s, which was always performed to the rap song “The Show” to get the party started.
Latin Quarters and Union Square were two of the most popular areas.
(Brandon Allen Juezan, Versa-Style Dance Company) (Photo courtesy of Brandon Allen Juezan) Learn all of these Hip Hop party dance movements with Jade “Soul” Zuberi’s Hip Hop lessons on STEEZY Studio, which are available on demand.
Individuals in the city were reminded that their distinctions – such as the color of their skin, their ethnic heritage, and financial class – did not matter when it came to hip hop culture and dancing. That music and dancing might be enjoyed by anybody and by anyone.
Other “Hip Hop” styles?
Many styles of music, such as Popping/Boogaloo, House, Locking, and Waacking, are wrongly classified as belonging to the Hip Hop “umbrella.” However, they are not Hip Hop genres, but rather their own distinct and independent styles of dance, each with their own skills, terminology, and historical background. Rather than being classified as “West Coast Funk” styles, the social dances that emerged in the 1980s such as Locking and Popping are more correctly defined as such.
Hip Hop dance in the media
Hip Hop first gained widespread attention in the media throughout the early 1980s. Breaking and street dance culture were introduced to a larger public through films such as Wild Style, Style Wars, Beat Street, and Breakin’, among others. During a clash between the Rock Steady Crew and the Dynamic Rockers at the Lincoln Center in 1981, the event received widespread national attention. Several New York publications, including the New York Times and National Geographic, reported the story. Dancers from Rock Steady Crew (Crazy Legs, Ken Swift, Frosty Freeze, and Mr.
- Graffiti Rock, despite its brief existence, was a program that brought all of the fundamental aspects of Hip Hop together in one place.
- (Rajakumar is 35 years old.) Soul Train, founded by Don Cornelius in the 1970s, promoted hip hop social dance, as well as other genres like as Popping, Locking, and other variations.
- Charles “Cholly” Atkinson and his wife James Brown pioneered various dancing movements that would subsequently have an impact on the next generation of Hip Hop artists (Durden).
- In 1983, during his performance of Billie Jean on Motown 25, he performed the Backslide (also known as the Moonwalk) in front of a national audience in front of a national audience.
- Founded in the 1990s, Elite Force was a dance group comprised of Hip Hop enthusiasts who also worked as professional dancers.
“Critics now see flaws in the films as examples of the early commercialization of break dancing diluting the intensity of the socioeconomic roots of the origins of breakdancing and hip hop culture – which is part athletic creativity and part struggle for meaning in the midst of poverty and social alienation,” the article states.
African-American hip-hop pioneer Afrika Bambaataa was a pioneer in the promotion of political consciousness in hip-hop as a method of addressing the social, economic, and political conditions of nonwhite people in opposition to the mainstream.
(Rajakmar, pp. xxviii) (Rajakmar, xxviii) Throughout the world, the Hip Hop movement continues to practice, teach, and experience all that is hip hop.
Mainstream media’s effect on Hip Hop
It’s tough to make something appealing to a large number of people while still maintaining its authenticity. For commercial objectives, the term “Hip Hop” is frequently misused by the mainstream media in an erroneous manner. Culture and the meaning that it conveys are so distorted in their worth and significance. Modern shows and movies such as America’s Best Dance Crew, Dancing With The Stars, So You Think You Can Dance, and the Step Upseries helped to popularize urban movement among younger dancers.
In part as a result of how the phrase was utilized at films and television shows, we began to see “Hip Hop” dance classes in studios that were teaching “Hip Hop” choreography (that was more ballet, modern, and jazz-based than Hip Hop based).
It stars Ken Swift of the Rock Steady Crew and follows a group of b-boys who are preparing for the Battle of the Year tournament in New York City.
As we all know, this is not the case, and projects such as Planet B-boy continue to spread the word and promote the culture in the appropriate manner.” — Johnny Lee, executive producer & director of photography
What Hip Hop dance means to us
Urban dance choreography*is not the same as Hip Hop dance, but we can trace parts of its moves and methods back to Hip Hop and street forms. In my opinion, “Urban Dance” is better correctly described as “Choreography” – or any other title that would be more appropriate than “Urban.” It is, however, not so much a style as it is an act, or perhaps a sub-culture inside the dance world, regardless of what we label it. The choreography you see on Instagram, at dance schools, and in competitions is a mash-up of many different forms, including Hip Hop, to name just a few examples (Breaking or Party Dance influences).
When it comes to “choreography,” there are no actual regulations, just as there are no true rules when it comes to “freestyle” – unless it’s specifically said to be a “House freestyle” or a “Waacking choreography.” As a result, the majority of the choreography you see might be a blend of many elements.
In order to fulfill our responsibilities in our roles as dance instructors, and because of our personal understandings of how deeply dance cultures are rooted, STEEZY does all in its power to preserve and communicate accurate knowledge – particularly with the next generation of dancers.
- Cooperate with dope dancers/teachers who are also acknowledged representatives of their own dance cultures
- Teaching dance routines should incorporate history (since the dance motions themselves are derived from historical events)
Visit STEEZY right now to test out our Hip Hop lessons from the comfort of your own home and learn about the style from real instructors from the Hip Hop community. It goes without saying that this essay on Hip Hop Dance is far from flawless, and I dream of one day publishing an all-encompassing one that accurately and fully covers every aspect of Hip Hop. However, the story of Hip Hop is complicated, with numerous moving elements (some of which are in conflict), stories from various people’s personal lives, and a plethora of information that are still being discovered today.
Unless it’s a set of Encyclopedias, of course.
If you have a problem with something, please contact me ([email protected]) and let me know what it is.
We’re all on the same learning curve.
In any case, that’s what this is truly all about.
Miller and Rebecca A Ferrell Hip Hop Culture, Emmett G.
Underground Dance Masters: Final History Of A Forgotten Era, Thomas Guzman-Sanchez Hip-Hop Dance in Context Jazz Dance: A History of the Roots and Branches E.