What Is Culture Region


Cultural area – Wikipedia

From top, clockwise: Africa, Circum-Mediterranean, East Eurasia, South America, North America and Insular-Pacific cultural zones in theStandard cross-cultural sample Cultural zones of the world as described by Whitten and Hunter Inanthropologyandgeography, acultural region,cultural sphere,cultural areaorculture arearefersto a geography with one generally uniform human activity or collection of activities (culture) (culture).

Such behaviors are generally connected with anethnolinguistic groupand with the land it occupies.

Cultural “spheres of influence” may also overlap or build concentric structures of macrocultures covering smaller local cultures.

dress and architecture vs.

History of concept

When it comes to cultural anthropology, the term of culture area refers to a geographical region and historical sequence (age area) that is defined by a mostly consistent environment and culture. The notion of cultural regions was developed by museum curators and ethnologists in the late 1800s as a manner of organizing exhibits in museums and ethnological institutions. The notion was further expanded by Clark Wissler and Alfred Kroeber on the basis that they symbolize long-standing cultural differences, which they said.

The categorization of human societies into cultural zones continues to be a frequent practice in social sciences, contrary to the views of certain scholars.


A formal culture region is a geographical area inhabited by people who share one or more cultural characteristics in common, such as language, religion, or a method of subsistence, with one another. It is a geographical area that is generally homogenous in terms of one or more cultural characteristics. In order to identify formal culture regions, the geographer must first identify cultural borders. Because cultures overlap and mix, even if just one cultural attribute is mapped, such borders are rarely crisp, and as a result, cultural border zones, rather than lines, are seen rather than lines.

  • As a result, rather of having distinct borders, formal cultural regions disclose a central or core region in which all of the distinguishing characteristics are present.
  • In this way, many formal cultural areas have a core-periphery structure.
  • Nodes or focal sites where functions are coordinated and directed are found in functional culture zones, such as city halls, national capitols, precinct voting centers, parish churches, factories, and banks.
  • There are a number of functional regions with well defined borders that comprise all area under the jurisdiction of a certain metropolitan authority that is marked by a line that distinguishes one jurisdiction from another on a regional map that is clearly outlined on a regional map.
  • Others are founded on economic, political, or historical traits, while others are based on physical environmental factors or a combination of the two.
  • Essentially, it develops from people’s sense of belonging and affinity with a specific geographical area or region.
  • Despite the fact that they may be concentrated on a single urban node, they frequently lack the organization essential for functioning areas.
  • Using the terms “cultural hearth” (no source for this term was provided), “cultural core,” by Donald W.

He cited Meinigs’ usage of the terms “domain” (a dominant area) and “sphere” (a sphere of influence) outside of a core area (area influenced but not dominant).

Cultural boundary

a cultural barrier (also known as a cultural border) is a geographical boundary that separates two distinct ethnic or ethnolinguistic civilizations in the field of ethnology. A language border is inherently a cultural border (because language is a significant part of a society’s culture), but it can also divide subgroups of the same ethnolinguistic group along more subtle criteria, such as theBrünig-Napf-Reuss line in German-speaking Switzerland, theWeißwurstäquator in Germany, or theGrote rivierenboundary between Dutch and Flemish culture (see also: Brünig-Napf-Reuss line).

The following important cultural borders may be discovered in the history of Europe:

  • It can be found in the Balkans along theJireek Line, which divides the area of dominant Latin (Western Roman Empire) influence from that of dominant Greek (Eastern Roman Empire) influence
  • And in Western Europe between Latin Europe, where the legacy of the Roman Empire remained dominant, and Germanic Europe, where it was significantly syncretized with Germanic culture
  • And in Eastern Europe between the legacy of the Roman Empire and the legacy of Germanic culture.

“Worlds,” “spheres,” and “civilizations” are all terms used to describe macro-cultures on a continental scale, and include terms like “Muslim world.” The term “cultural border” can also refer to a separation between subcultures or classes within a particular civilization, such as “blue collar” and “white collar,” among other distinctions.

Role in conflict

When it comes to political and military confrontations, cultural divides may sometimes make the difference between friends and enemies. It is often attempted to unite all native speakers of a specific language who are perceived to be part of a cohesive ethnic group or country into one nation-state with one culture under the banner of ethnonationalism or pan-nationalism, although this is not always successful. In nationality laws and repatriation laws, the affiliation of an ethnolinguistic group with a nation-state can be codified.

In other instances, attempts have been attempted to split countries based on cultural borders through the use of secession and division.


  • The East–West dichotomy is defined as follows: Western civilization and Western world in opposition to the Orient and Eastern world. North–South split: The North–South divide is often seen as a socio-economic and political division
  • However, there are some exceptions. South Asia
  • The Global South
  • The Caribbean, Central America, Mesoamerica, North America, Northern America, and South America are the regions covered.
  • Mainland Southeast Asia and Indochina
  • Maritime Southeast Asia
  • And Southeast Asia in general
  • Arab World, Arab-speaking world, and Arab diaspora
  • Celts and Celtic Europe
  • English-speaking world (Anglophone)
  • Baltic Finns
  • Francophonie (see alsoFrançafrique)
  • Arab World, Arab-speaking world, and Arab diaspora
  • Arab World, Arab-speaking world, and Arab diaspora The German language in Europe
  • Germanic-speaking Europe
  • The Hindi Belt (Hindi-Urdu Region)
  • Hispanidad
  • Hispanophone
  • Indigenous peoples of the Americas
  • The German language in Europe
  • The Germanic-speaking Europe
  • The Germanic
  • Indigenous peoples of South America
  • Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast
  • Indigenous peoples of the United States
  • Indigenous peoples of the world
  • The continents of France, Hispanic America, Ibero-America, and Lusophone are all represented.
  • Linguistic regions of mainland Southeast Asia
  • Latin America
  • Sinophone Asia
  • Slavic Europe
  • Russian globe
  • The Anglosphere, the Arab World, the East Asian cultural sphere (Sinosphere), Greater China, Greater India, and the Indosphere, Greater Iran (Greater Persia), and the Greater Middle East Nordic countries (speaking North Germanic languages), the Russian world, and the Lusosphere
  • Buddhism according to nation
  • Christendom (the Christian world)
  • And Islam.


A music area is a cultural region that is defined by the presence or absence of musical activity. It may or may not be at odds with the cultural regions that have been ascribed to a certain location. The globe may be split into three broad music areas, each of which has a “cultivated” or classical musics”that are obviously its most advanced musical forms,” with surrounding folkstyles that interact with the cultivated, and primitive styles on the periphery of each of these huge music areas:

  • They would typically use the natural major scale and minor scale, as well as the Dorian, Lydian, andMixolydian modes
  • They would be based on shared isometric materials, diatonic scales, and polyphony based on parallel thirds, fourths, and fifths
  • And they would be based on shared isometric materials and diatonic scales.
  • North Africa, South West Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Indonesia, and areas of Southern Europe are among the regions affected.
  • With short intervals in scales, melodies, and polyphony that are shared by all
  • Would often utilize the harmonic minorscale and the Phrygianscale
  • American Indian, East Asian, Horn of Africa, Northern Siberian, and Finno-Ugric music are some of the genres represented.
  • It is based on shared big steps in both the pentatonic and tetratonic scales.

The author then goes on to say that “the world-wide evolution of music must have been a cohesive process in which all peoples participated,” and that comparable songs and characteristics may be found in puzzlingly remote or separated regions around the world, which he believes to be the case.

See also

  • Indigenous peoples of the Americas are classified according to their ethnicity. The following is a list of music areas in the United States: Sprachbund, Julian Steward, and others. Regionalism (in politics and society)
  • Bioregionalism
  • The term “culture” refers to the landscape of culture. Deep map
  • Cultural tourism
  • Continent
  • World language
  • Deep map


  1. The University of California at Santa Barbara published a paper by Nina Brown titled “Friedrich Ratzel, Clark Wissler, and Carl Sauer: Culture Area Research and Mapping.” Brown, Nina “Friedrich Ratzel, Clark Wissler, and Carl Sauer: Culture Area Research and Mapping” University of California, Santa Barbara, CA.Webarchive of
  2. Wissler, Clark (ed.) “Friedrich Ratzel, Clark Wissler, and Carl Sauer: Culture Area Research and Mapping” (1975) Native American Societies of the Plains A reprint of v. 11 of the Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History, which was published in 13 parts from 1912 to 1916 and is available from the AMS Press in New York under the ISBN number 0-404-11918-2
  3. Alfred L. Kroeber is the author of this work (1939) Native North America’s Cultural and Natural Heritage Areas Berkeley, CA: University of California Press
  4. Berkeley, CA: A. L. Kroeber and Stuart A. Rice (1931) “The Cultural Area and Age Area Concepts of Clark Wissler” in Methods in Social Science, edited by Stuart A. Rice (pp. 248–265). Gupta, Akhil, and James Ferguson are published by the University of Chicago Press in Chicago (1997). Explorations in Critical Anthropology: Explorations in Culture, Power, and Place. Duke University Press, Durham, North Carolina
  5. Noble, Allen George, and M. Margaret Geib, “TheMormon CultureRegion: Strategies and Patterns in the Geography of the American West, 1847–1964”, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, volume 60, number 3, 1970, pages 428–46
  6. Meinig, D. W., “TheMormon CultureRegion: Strategies and Patterns in the Geography of the American West, 1847–1964”, Annals of the Association of American The settlement landscape of North America is made up of wood, brick, and stone. Seventeenth-century houses were included in Volume 1: Houses, published by the University of Massachusetts Press in 1984. (2008). The Christian World: A Global History is a book on the history of Christianity across the world. Bruno AbNettl, Random House Publishing Group, ISBN 978-1-58836-684-9
  7. Random House Publishing Group, ISBN 978-1-58836-684-9 (1956). In Music in Primitive Culture, pp. 142-143, it is said that Harvard University Press
  8. Harvard University Press


  • “Gebiete, Schichten, und Klanglandschaften in den Alpen,” in Philip V. Bohlman, Marcello Sorce Keller, and Loris Azzaroni (eds. ), Musical Anthropology of the Mediterranean: Interpretation, Performance, Identity, Bologna, Edizioni Clueb – Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice (Cooperative Library of the University of Bologna), 2009
  • Marcello Sorce Keller, “Geb In T. Nussbaumer (ed. ),Volksmusik in den Alpen: Interkulturelle Horizonte und Crossovers, Zalzburg, Verlag Mueller-Speiser, 2006, pp. 9–18
  • “Zum Einsatz einiger historischer Begriffe aus der Musikethnologie,” in T. Nussbaumer (ed. ),Volksmusik in den Alpen: Interkulturelle Horizonte und Crossovers, Zalzburg, Verlag Mueller-
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External links

At Wikimedia Commons, you can find images and videos connected to Cultural areas.

  • Cultural regions of the globe
  • Major and Minor Cultural Realms of the World (With Maps)
  • Major and Minor Cultural Realms of the World (Without Maps)

What does cultural region mean?

  1. Region with a cultural heritage A cultural area or cultural sphere is a term used in anthropology and geography to refer to the features of culture connected with an ethnolinguistic group and the land that they occupy, respectively. Specific cultures are frequently not restricted to the borders of a nation state or to the minor subdivisions of a state in terms of geographical distribution. It is also possible for cultural “spheres of influence” to overlap or to construct concentric structures of macrocultures that include smaller local cultures. In addition, different borders may be established based on the particular feature of interest, such as religion and folklore versus clothes and architecture versus language
  2. And

Editors Contribution(1.00 / 2 votes)Rate this definition:

  1. Region with a cultural heritage Cultural areas are characterized by cultural characteristics. On December 9, 2020, an anonymous submitter submitted a proposal.

How to pronounce cultural region?

  1. Chaldean Numerology is a system of numbers that was developed by the Chaldeans. In Chaldean Numerology, the numerical value of cultural region is 6
  2. In Pythagorean Numerology, the numerical value of cultural region is 7. When it comes to Pythagorean Numerology, the numerical value of cultural area is 5


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Word of the Day

The majority of cultures do not confine themselves to the borders of countries or governments.

They go further than that and create distinct places of their own.

  • Smaller cultures are combined to generate larger cultures, which is how macro-cultures are formed. In anthropology, the notion of a cultural area is described as a geographical region that is characterized by a culture that is predominantly uniform. The most prevalent sort of cultural region is the formal one, in which individuals who live in the same area have at least one cultural attribute
  • The informal region is less common.

A culture region (also known as a cultural region) is a phrase that is used in both geography and anthropology to describe a geographical or cultural area. It is also referred to as the cultural sphere, cultural area, or culture area, among other names. The phrase is defined as a single human activity or a collection of human activities that are homogeneous in nature. Distinct ethnolinguistic groups and their respective geographies are connected with different types of activities. The majority of cultures do not confine themselves to the borders of countries or governments.

They each have their own domains of influence, which may overlap with one another or result in the formation of unique macro-cultures, which are established by bringing together lesser cultures.

The Concept Of Cultural Region

There are a variety of approaches that may be used to define cultural regions’ boundaries, and occasionally these limits are established based on specific features of culture that are of importance. A few of these features are religion, folklore, architecture, and a variety of other things. Historically, the notion of a cultural area was introduced in the field of cultural anthropology. An ethnic group is described as a geographical region that has a cultural and social environment that is largely consistent with one another.

Ethnologists from the early nineteenth century were among the first to make reference to the notion.

Some scientists are critical of the notion since it appears to be arbitrary, and there are no clear guidelines that govern the classification of these zones, according to them.

Types Of Cultural Regions

  1. There are several different kinds of cultural areas. The most prevalent type of culture region is the formal culture region, which is defined as an area populated by individuals who share one or more cultural characteristics. Language, religion, and many other characteristics are examples of such characteristics. According to the cultural characteristics that identify them, these sorts of places are overwhelmingly homogeneous. When attempting to characterize these regions, it is critical to identify the cultural boundaries that separate them. However, because cultures frequently mix, these boundaries are rarely fixed in stone and are subject to ongoing modification. When mapping formal culture areas, the most crucial item to consider is determining the geographic center of the region, often known as its core. The second form of cultural region is an afunctional culture region, which means that it serves no purpose. They are not all of the same cultural background. Their organization is mostly focused on their ability to act as a single entity in terms of politics or economics. Cities, sovereign states, and even trading zones are examples of the sorts of regions that might be classified as this category. These areas are organized around core locations, from which all of the functions of the regions themselves are coordinated. These focal areas are most frequently seen in venues such as municipal halls, banks, and polling stations. Another form of culture region is a vernacular, popular, or perceptual culture region, which can be defined as follows: To the people who live in them, they are viewed as real and existing. In the fact that they are universally acknowledged by everyone and have distinct names, we have evidence that they are effective. They are also devoid of boundaries, and they are most often the result of a strong sense of belonging that exists among inhabitants of a certain location or among individuals who are united by a particular cultural attribute. These regions, on the other hand, frequently lack the cultural uniformity found in other sorts of regions.

what is cultural region

A cultural area is characterized by the qualities that are shared by the people who live within it. People who reside in a cultural region may speak the same language, practice the same religion, share the same customs, or live under the same government as others who live elsewhere.

What is a cultural region give an example?

This type of region is typically the consequence of perceived homogeneity in terms of political connections, common history, behavioral features, and so on. For example, the American South, which is noted for its distinct languages, culture, food, and music, is one such example.

What are the 7 cultural regions?

The seven cultural regions are seven locations where indigenous peoples established a variety of diverse ways of life over time. North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Antarctica are the seven cultural areas studied in this course.

What are the 4 cultural regions?

Cultural systems tend to adapt more slowly to agents of change than economic or urban systems, according to recent research.

This has resulted in the creation of the Manufacturing Belt, which today encompasses portions of four historic cultural areas: New England, the Midland, the Midwest, and the northern borders of South. The Manufacturing Belt is a focal point for numerous social and economic activities.

What is a culture region for kids?

This is a cultural area. A cultural area or cultural sphere is a term used in anthropology and geography to refer to the features of culture connected with an ethnolinguistic group and the land that they occupy, respectively.

How many cultural regions are there?

The principles addressed in this course form the basis for the creation of culture areas. It is feasible to categorize the countries of the globe into ten broad cultural zones based on the information provided by these factors.

What is the best definition of a culture region?

When used in anthropology and geography, the terms “cultural region,” “cultural sphere,” “cultural area,” and “culture area” refer to a geographical area where a single generally homogenous human activity or combination of activities is concentrated (culture). Such activities are frequently identified with a particular ethnolinguistic group and the location in which they take place.

What are the types of cultural regions?

Functional, formal, and perceptual cultural areas are the three categories of cultural regions.

What is a sentence for cultural region?

Sentences on the Move It serves as the administrative hub for the region’s economic and cultural activities. A large number of museums and historical sites may be found in the cultural district. Sussex continues to be recognized as a physical area and cultural region in the United Kingdom. It is located inside the Szekely land ethno-cultural area.

What are 5 examples of culture?

The examples that follow are meant to serve as illustrations of traditional culture.

  • Norms. Norms are informal, unwritten laws that regulate social conduct. Languages
  • Festivals
  • And rituals are examples of norms in action. Ceremony
  • sHolidays
  • sPastimes
  • sFood
  • sArchitecture

What are the three types of region?

Formal, vernacular, and functional regions are the three sorts of regions. The formal regions are all the same. Everyone has one or more distinguishing characteristics in common with one another.

Why are cultural regions important?

There are several different kinds of cultural areas. The most prevalent type of culture region is the formal culture region, which is defined as an area populated by individuals who share one or more cultural characteristics. Language, religion, and many other characteristics are examples of such characteristics. … When attempting to characterize these regions, it is critical to identify the cultural boundaries that separate them.

What are the 5 cultural regions of the US?

Language, governance, and religion, as well as woods, animals, and climate, may all help to identify an area. Regions in the United States are commonly classified into five categories based on their physical location on the continent: Northeast, Southwest, West, Southeast, and Midwest. The Northeast is the most populous of these categories.

How many cultural regions are there in the US?

The map is divided into six regions: the Pacific, the Midwest, the Northeast, Frontier, the South, and the Caribbean — each of which has dozens of subregions — and each of which has dozens of subregions.

Why are cultural regions diverse?

Cultural regions differ from one another because their territory, for example, might range in size from a few square miles to millions of square miles. They can also serve to establish cultural borders. Furthermore, cultural areas can be arranged since there is less variance between ethnic groups within a given ethnic group.

How do you explain region to a child?

A region is a geographically defined territory that shares characteristics with other areas.

Natural or manufactured traits that are common to a region are called regional characteristics. Language, governance, religion, kind of flora and fauna, and climate are all factors that might define an area. Regions are the fundamental units of geographical analysis.

What is a region easy definition?

A region is a geographical area with characteristics that are shared by all of its inhabitants. Natural or man-made elements can help define a region’s boundaries. Language, governance, and religion, as well as woods, animals, and climate, may all help to identify an area. Regions, no matter how vast or tiny, are the fundamental units of geography.

What is an example of a region?

A region is defined as a geographically defined territory. As an illustration, the stomach region is defined as the portion of your body that is near to your stomach. As an example of a state that would be considered to be in the Western area of the United States, consider California. The project is expected to cost in the neighborhood of $1 billion. It is possible to comprehend the spirit of a place by studying its sociocultural zones. References to “paan belt” or “cow belt” may not sound politically correct at first, but they contain a great deal of significance.

How can culture be used to define regions?

Cultural regions are described as areas where people speak the same language, practice the same religion, or live in the same way. The majority of the population in this region speaks French and is Catholic. These individuals have a liberal attitude on life that has been passed down through generations.

What are some examples of cultural regions in the United States?

Variations based on location The semi-distinct cultural regions of the United States include New England, the Mid-Atlantic, the South, the Midwest, the Southwest, and the West—an area that can be further subdivided into the Pacific States and the Mountain States. The Pacific States and the Mountain States are the Pacific States, and the Mountain States are the Mountain States.

How does region differ from region to culture?

A region is a geographical area that has a number of locations that are all linked by a similar characteristic. Language, politics, religion, economy, and industry are just a few of the characteristics that separate cultural areas.

What are three types of cultures found in the world?

Local culture, subculture, and popular culture, sometimes known as “pop culture,” are the three sorts of culture that exist. One aspect of local culture would be a group of people who have common ideas, experiences, practices, qualities, and values, as well as a common language.

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Is an airport a functional region?

The functional areas of ports and harbors are likewise examples of functional regions. Trade and communication channels connect the harbor’s center hub with the surrounding territories, which makes it a hub for international trade. When it comes to serving functional regions, ports, such as airports and seaports, play an important role by facilitating the movement of people within a geographical region.

How do you use culture area in a sentence?

What is the best way to utilize the phrase “cultural area” in a sentence? Cuba’s culture began in 1580, and from there, as well as from the other islands, vast quantities of goods were exported to European countries.

What is a synonym for cultural region?

a civilized society; a customs-based lifestyle; social mores; a stage of development; the arts; a way of life; achievment in breeding and education, elevation and enlightenment, erudition and gentility; excellent taste and refinement; improvement; polish and politeness; refinement and sophistication; urbanity.

What is the best example of a cultural landscape?

Cultural landscapes include constructed landscapes (for example, formal gardens and parks, such as Golden Gate Park), rural or vernacular landscapes (for example, sheep ranches, dairy ranches), ethnographic landscapes (for example, Mt. Fuji), and natural landscapes (for example, Mt. Fuji).

What are the 6 types of culture?

  • National / Societal Culture
  • Organizational Culture
  • Social Identity Group Culture
  • Functional Culture
  • Team Culture
  • Individual Culture
  • And more.

What culture includes?

When it comes to culture, it may be described as the entire set of ways of life of a people that are passed down from one generation to the next, including arts, beliefs, and institutions. One definition of culture is that it is “the way of life for a whole civilization.” As such, it encompasses norms of conduct, dress, language, religion, rituals, and artistic expression.

What are the 2 types of culture?

Material culture, which refers to tangible items generated by a community, and nonmaterial culture, which refers to intangible things produced by a society, are the two fundamental categories of culture.

What are 5 examples of formal regions?

The formal areas of Europe, Africa, the United States, and Canada are examples of formal regions. A functional region is a geographical area that has been arranged to function as a single unit in terms of politics, social organization, and economic development.

What type of region is a city?

Regions with a formal structure Those geographical areas that are designated explicitly, frequently by government or other entities, are referred to as formal regions. Cities, cities, states, and nations, as well as natural features such as mountain ranges, are all classified as formal regions. The 24th of November, 2014

Why Philippines is divided into different regions?

Regions (Filipino: rehiyon; ISO 3166-2:PH) are administrative divisions in the Philippines that are primarily responsible for the coordination and organization of national government services among numerous local government entities (LGUs). … Philippines is divided into 17 areas as of the year 2019 (see map).

What are the cultural boundaries?

A cultural boundary is a geographical phrase that refers to the line that separates two diverse ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups from one another.

Human Geography- Cultural Regions

What is an example of a cultural region? In geography, a cultural area is defined as PDF document about cultural zones of the globe The United States is divided into cultural areas. What are the primary cultural areas of the globe and what are the different sorts of cultural regions are there? India’s cultural regions are divided into four categories. in a single sentence, describe the cultural region See more entries in the FAQ category.

Understanding the Meaning of Cultural Region With Examples

The diversity of the world in which we live cannot be assessed just in terms of its physical characteristics. Political boundaries have little effect on cultural areas, which allow us to obtain a deeper knowledge of the globe and its peoples. This ScienceStruck post provides an in-depth explanation of the notion of cultural regions through the use of case studies.

Did You Know?

The notion of a culture area is more closely associated with cultural anthropology than with geography. The technique originated when museum curators began to arrange exhibits according to cultural categorization, which was introduced in the 1970s. The huge world on which we live is populated by a human population that is diverse in every way imaginable. As a result, the globe has been divided into regions with the goal of studying and understanding its diversity. This has made things a little less confusing.

The most fundamental classification of regions is based on political boundaries, which are divided into continents and nations.

However, this classification falls short of providing more in-depth insights into the cultural variety that exists around the world. Cultural areas are highlighted in this section, allowing us to have a deeper knowledge of the many civilizations, both past and current.

Meaning and Definition of Cultural Region

In the words of Merriam Webster, a culture area is defined as “a contiguous geographic region that includes a number of cultures that share the same or comparable characteristics or that share a dominating cultural orientation. ” As a result, cultural areas are defined as those that share traits such as:

Types of Cultural Regions with Examples

The mapping of cultural areas is dependent on a variety of circumstances, and these regions may or may not be located inside official political jurisdictions. There are three sorts of cultural areas, which are explained here.


An area where one or more cultural features such as language, religion, or occupations are prominent is referred to as a region with total cultural homogeneity, and it is defined as follows: Because cultural overlaps are regarded to be frequent throughout the world, it is difficult to draw a clear border around a region of this size and scope. These locations, on the other hand, can be classified as ‘zones,’ each of which contains a core region containing all of the distinguishing traits. Examples:

  • Francophone regions around the world are areas with a large number of French-speaking residents who also identify with French culture
  • Latin America is a region spanning Central and South America where Romance languages, particularly Spanish and Portuguese, are spoken
  • And Asia is a region spanning Southeast Asia and the Pacific Rim.


Compared to its formal counterpart, a functional cultural area stands in stark contrast to its formal equivalent. In this instance, the designated region has a clearly defined boundary, which serves the function of demarcating a geographical area for administrative reasons. Examples include the following:

  • School districts, precincts, industrial zones, and national capitals are all examples of localities.


Vernacular cultural areas are those that are seen by the people and do not have clearly defined boundaries in the traditional sense. This type of region is typically the consequence of perceived homogeneity in terms of political connections, common history, behavioral features, and so on. For example, the American South, which is noted for its distinct languages, culture, food, and music, is one such example. It should be noted that the states of New Mexico and Arizona, which are located in the geographical south of America, are not often regarded to be a part of this cultural region.

Some believe that cultural zones are a tool for dividing people into discordant groups, and they are right.

culture area

In anthropology, geography, and other social sciences, a culture area is a contiguous geographic area within which most cultures share many characteristics in common. Culture areas are often referred to as culture provinces, or ethno-geographic areas. It was first proposed around the start of the twentieth century and continues to be one of the most extensively used frameworks for the description and analysis of cultures today. Culture areas and their traditional inhabitants can be found on every continent except Antarctica, and include Scandinavia, the cradle of the Vikings, the North American Plains, the cradle of the Plains Indians, and Africa’s Al-Sudd, a seasonal wetland that is home to the Nuer, the Dinka, and other cattle pastoralists.

Origins intaxonomyandtypology

The origins of the culture area approach can be traced back to the classification of living things proposed by Swedish botanistCarolus LinnaeusinSystema Naturae(1735), which was further developed by French biologistJean-Baptiste Lamarck and others. The culture area approach is based on the classification of living things proposed by Swedish botanistCarolus Linnaeus inSystema Naturae(1735). Using underlying morphology, or physical features of creatures (such as flowers, shells, and bones), these taxonomists were able to provide light on the relatedness of different groupings of living things.

Carolus Linnaeus was a Swedish botanist who lived in the 17th century.

The image is courtesy of the Svenska Porträttarkivet, which is located in Stockholm.

The same way that a zoologist might focus on one species of bird (such as the many varieties of canaries) before moving on to the family of which that species is a member (finches more generally), a historian of the arts might evaluate a single artist’s paintings before moving on to those of a period or region, and an anthropologist might concentrate on one group’s subsistence system before moving on to the analysis of the group’s culture as a whole.

Cultural evolution

The Danish archaeologist Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, who served as curator of the National Museum of Denmark from 1816 to 1865, was one of the pioneers of the taxonomy method in the social sciences, having used it in the field of anthropology. Thebracteate, a form of ancient pendant that can be discovered in northern Europe, was the subject of a meticulous investigation, during which he recorded a range of morphological parameters, such as insignia and size. By merging the typologies he had produced, he was able to demonstrate that these Nordic embellishments had evolved from earlier Roman coin designs.

  1. Vadstena BracteateImage courtesy of the Kungl.
  2. Lewis Henry Morgan, an American ethnologist, collected data from a vast number of Native American tribes and developed a typology based on their kinship terminology, which he presented in his bookSystems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family, published in 1895.
  3. The evolutionary theories of Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer had an impact on me.
  4. The book is still available online (1877).
  5. No matter whether the colonization endeavor took place locally, as in the United States and Canada, or internationally, as in the case of the European countries, this was the situation.
  6. In many cases, this was done as part of a straightforward search for the information necessary to gain social and political control over a territory, whether in a domestic or international setting.

So many early ethnographies and cultural geographies were authored by government officials, military troops, or missionaries, as a result of this.

Cultural Region Of The World UPSC (Human Geography)

Read on to learn about the Cultural Regions of the World in Human GeographyUPSC, which is a topic covered in this article (Geography Optional).

Cultural Region of the World

  • Culture is a dynamic idea that shifts and shifts without being noticed. Cross-fertilization contributes to the enrichment of culture. (Culture is described as an expression of socio-religious economic conditions, the standard of life, the degree of technology, and people’s perceptions of their surrounding environment.
  • Cultural definitions have been proposed in a number of ways, yet it is difficult to convey the concept of culture in words. It is abstract, but it may be characterized by components such as language, religion, ethnicity, characteristics, the level of life, and, in addition, by rituals, conventions, traditions, and tools
  • Nevertheless, it is not limited to these. There are many various cultures present in India, which may be found in every location, including the north, south, and Himalayan regions, among others
  • The country is a mosaic of cultures.

Let’s have a look at a few terminology that are associated with cultural areas.

Defining cultural regions/realm

  • An area of geographical territory where cultural features are maintained in a homogeneous manner is known as a cultural sphere. The cultural characteristics are thought to be a result of the geographical circumstances of a particular location. As a result, regional geography has evolved to serve as the foundation for the demarcation of cultural zones around the world. Ratzel’s idea of the cultural landscape offered encouragement to geographers who were attempting to regionalize cultures in their own regions. Blache and Spencer were two more geographers who believed that the study of cultural worlds was an essential aspect of the field of Human Geography. The globe has been regionalized into cultural worlds by a variety of scholars, including geographers, historians, anthropologists, and sociologists, among others. Economic organization, social conventions, traditional beliefs, food habits, dress trends, language, and other variables are all factors that influence culture.

Hearths– These are the places where ideas, technologies, and philosophies were born and spread, resulting in a transformation of the world around them. Because it is an archaic idea, it does not exist any longer. For example, Hwang Ho, Mesopotamia, and so forth.

  1. Among the rivers that flow through these regions are the Nile river valley, the Indus river valley, the Wei-Huang river valley, and the Ganga river valley. Mesopotamia, Mesoamerica, and West Africa are all represented.

Core–Cultural hearths were enlarged and transformed into cores. It is an idea that dates back to the Middle Ages. India has three cores-

  1. The Rigveda is found in Punjab
  2. Later Vedic civilization is found in Bihar
  3. Dravidian culture is found in the south (in and around Thanjavur)
  4. And Buddhism is found in India.
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Region– It is a contemporary notion that does not take into consideration the geographical continuation of the idea. Geographical boundaries have been used to establish cultural areas, while geopolitical boundaries have also been used to define cultural regions. In terms of cultural impact, realm refers to the widest conceivable region of effect. It is a more comprehensive notion that encompasses overlaps and transitional zones. It is possible for it to be discontinuous. For example, the Islamic world.

Classification of Cultural Regions of World

Many attempts have been made by geographers, anthropologists, historians, and others to split the world into cultural areas, but none have proved successful. Divvying the world into cultural areas is a challenging undertaking, and with the development of communication technology and the notion of the global village (which encourages cultural intermingling), the work has become much more complex. But there are some environmental elements that are inescapably linked to the development of cultural differences.

Land, according to the famous political geographer Moodie, “is a huge split line between the peoples of the world.” The formation of the European state serves as an illustration in this context.

BroekWebb’s classification

  • They attempted to establish the dominance of a certain occurrence over the evolution of the cultural landscape
  • Nevertheless, they were unsuccessful. In their research, they discovered that religious ideals had a great influence on the overall cultural structure. The results of a cultural-religious inquiry suggest that the culture of a certain location becomes inefficient when the religious influence is removed from it
  • They employed eight indicators to determine the cultural regionalization of the world.
  1. Race, religion, language, economic unionism, folklore, habit or diet, clothing, and religious orthodoxy/scientific beliefs are all factors to consider.

The creation of all of these variables is dependent on environmental conditions or the geographical reality of the locations, according to Broek, who provided instances such as individuals living in polar regions will not wear cotton clothing as an example of this. According to Broekfurther, out of all of these eight components, society has the most influence on religious beliefs. It is religion that pushes people to embrace specific types of economy, clothing, eating habits, and religious beliefs.

When it comes to intercultural mixing, religion is the one that imposes some constraints on the participants.

However, he had split the world into three cultural realms: the main, the meso, and the micro, in order to give proper consideration to all of these aspects.

He classified the globe into four main cultural worlds and two mesocultural realms, according to his classification. The following are the most important cultural spheres:

  1. The Occidental Realm, the Islamic Realm, the Indian Realm, and the East Indian Realm

And the lesser cultural spheres are as follows:

  1. South-East Asian Realm
  2. Meso-African or Negro-African Realm
  3. South-East Asian Realm

These are further separated into sub-domains called micro realms.

Major cultural realms

The culture of European society is known as Occidental culture. It has been greatly affected by Christian thought and practice. On the basis of different levels of industrialization, political and economic thought, colonization, commercialization, urbanization, and the development of transportation systems, as well as the development of social, political, and economic institutions on the basis of different levels of industrialization, political and economic thought. In many regions of western society, the influence of non-religious forces, notably the impact of modernity, is so profound that religious ideals are pushed to the sidelines as a result of these influences.

The Occidental culture encompasses a large geographical region.

  • Western Europehas the most industrialized and urbanized culture
  • Continental Europeanculture is influenced by various political and economic ideologies, with Christianity still playing a significant role
  • Mediterranean Europeincludes countries located south of the Alps
  • And Eastern Europeincludes countries located north of the Alps. It is the region where Christianity is the dominant religion. In the opinion of many geographers, traditional social systems are the primary reason for the lack of economic development in countries such as Spain, Portugal, and southern Italy when compared to countries in northern and western Europe that have made necessary changes to their social systems
  • The Anglo-American and Australian cultural realms are practically the offspring of western European culture. These two cities are populated by migrants from western Europe. There are just a few geographical variances
  • Latin American culture is quite close to Mediterranean culture in terms of aesthetics and values. It is the only region of western civilization to be found in the tropics, and it is also the most undeveloped of them. As a result of the conversion of tribes to Christianity, it became a component of western civilization over time. Spanish and Portuguese, the colonial languages, have been elevated to the status of official languages. The Spanish and Portuguese architectural styles have had an impact on regional architecture. Practically all nations have economic, cultural, and social relations with the countries of the Mediterranean region
  • And
Islamic Cultural Realm
  • It is a culturally diverse region characterized by desert and semi-arid environments. The ideals of Islam have had an impact on the culture here. In terms of geographical scope, it extends from Morocco in the west to Pakistan in the east
  • It also includes In part, this is owing to the difficult climate in which the people has been forced to live. The beaches, river basins, and oasis of this region have served as the cradles of Arabian civilization for thousands of years. The Middle East is referred to as such by the British, whereas the Germans refer to it as an area of oriental culture. This cultural sphere is located between traditional Indian culture in the east and sophisticated European culture in the west
  • It is divided into two parts. Female illiteracy rates are high because Islamic culture is strongly conservative and founded on traditional ideas, which has had a negative influence on women’s education. The per capita earnings in these nations are quite high, while the level of modernisation is extremely low
  • When it comes to religion, Israel has a distinct cultural identity. Regions of transitional culture are found throughout the Central Asian Republics. Because of economic unionism, they were a part of East European culture for a long period of time. However, with the advent of Glasnost and Perestroika, they are no longer considered to be part of the same system. They have become more familiar with Islamic culture. Nomadism, food-collectors, wanderers, caravan routes, and other aspects of Islamic culture have traditionally dominated the culture
  • Food and water scarcity are the two most significant issues that have shaped the culture of this region. Islamic teachings instructed Muslims to pray five times in the direction of Mecca
  • These two religious teachings led to the formation of permanent settlements and cultural permanence. Recently, the culture of this region has been impacted by ‘Petro-dollars,’ and as a result, there has been a significant increase in urbanization and industrialization. Immigrants have contributed to the development of a multicultural metropolitan culture, but the social structure has yet to be drastically reformed and modernized
  • As a result, despite their high salaries, they have not yet achieved the status of industrialized nations.
Indian Cultural Realm
  • In this way, the Indian subcontinent’s culture might be described. Paddy culture is another name for this phenomenon
  • Baker referred to it as a subcontinental culture, while D. Stamp referred to it as a monsoonal culture. This cultural realm is clearly defined
  • It lies between the Himalayas in the north, the Indian Ocean in the south, and the Hindukush Mountains in the west
  • It is bordered by the Himalayas in the north, the Indian Ocean in the south, and the Hindukush Mountains in the west
  • It is bordered by the Himalayas in the north, the Indian It is the only location in the world where religion does not play a significant role in cultural development. It is a region that values racial and religious tolerance equally. This region has been enhanced by a number of different streams of people who have settled here permanently and contributed to its culture. In this cultural sphere, the joint family, village community, caste system, semi-feudal land relations, subsistence agriculture, paddy cultivation, seasonal climatic fluctuations, and an agricultural season that occurs at the same time throughout the region are all distinguishing characteristics. The values of the Vedas have had a significant impact on the culture of this region. Despite the fact that the region is inhabited by a diverse range of communities, the social structure bears the subtle influence of Vedic cultural ideals. It contains the highest concentration of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, and other religious minorities, with Christians being the only substantial minority. In this region, there is a high degree of religious mixing, and all religious groups have absorbed the practices of other religious groups.
East Asian Culture
  • In this way, the Indian subcontinent expresses itself culturally. Paddy culture is another name for this phenomenon
  • Baker referred to it as a subcontinental culture, while D. Stamp referred to it as a monsoonal culture
  • Clearly defined geographically, this cultural realm encompasses land between the Himalayas to its north, the Indian Ocean to its south, and the Hindukush Mountains to its west
  • It is bordered by the Himalayas to its north, the Indian Ocean to its south, and the Hindukush Mountains to its west
  • It is bordered by the Hindukush Mountains to its west
  • And it is bordered by the Himalayas to its north, the Indian Ocean to its south, and it is bordered It is the only region in the world where religion does not play a role in the development of culture. racial and religious tolerance are encouraged in this region. This region has been enriched by a number of different streams of people who have settled here permanently. In this cultural realm, the joint family, village community, caste system, semi-feudal land relations, subsistence agriculture, paddy farming, seasonal climate changes, and an agricultural season that occurs at the same time throughout the region are all distinguishing features. Sacred Vedic values have a strong influence on the culture of this region. A hidden influence of Vedic cultural values can be found in the social system despite the fact that the region is home to a diverse range of people from different backgrounds. This region has the highest concentration of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, and other religious minorities, with Christians being the only religious minority in this region. The religious landscape in this region is becoming increasingly diverse, with all religious groups adopting other religious practices
  • This is known as religious mixing.

Minor cultural realms

  • It is another another location characterized by cultural tolerance. The Culture of South-East Asia It is a transitory culture sitting at a point wheredifferent civilizations have merged
  • A place where people had arrived from all over the world, but because there was no route out to the east, they decided to dwell here. As a result, there is no indigenous culture to speak of. Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam are examples of countries where Buddhism predominates. All races – Mongoloids, Negroids, Caucasoids, Indics, and Islamics – arrived to this place. The effect of Christianity may be recognized in the Philippines, while the influence of Indie culture can be found across the Indonesian islands. Malaysia and the Indonesian islands have a strong Islamic impact, which is visible. There are no similar characteristics in any other location. Bali is a Hindu-dominated island
  • Hindus are the majority population. Singapore is an area characterized by a Pluralistic Society. As the name implies, this place is known as the ‘Museum of Culture’ or the ‘Storagehouse of Culture.’
Meso-African Culture
  • It is the culture of the African tribes that is being discussed. This culture, also known as theNegro culture, is now unable to flourish as a result of the presence of many tribes with varying cultural traditions. There are around 220 isolated cultural pockets in Africa
  • The most of them are animist cultures that rely on nature rather than government, for example, natural habitat on trees. There is a subtle but steady interplay with contemporary ideals. This region, which is primarily comprised of tropical Africa, has beginning to experience an influx of modernisation. Similar cultural systems can be found among American Red Indians, Latin American tribes, Australian aboriginals, and several tribes of the Asia-Pacific region
  • Historian Toynbee has coined the term’marginalized culture’ to describe these traditional culture units that have been marginalized by society. Some geographers even put the Eskimos in this category of cultural groups. As a result, it is a cultural domain that is widely dispersed and defined by marginalized and generally isolated populations.


  • The categorization places a greater focus on religion than previously. There is a failure to recognize the importance of physiographic factors


Despite the fact that this classification is a commendable endeavour, globalization is eroding the borders between civilizations, and civilizations are increasingly heading towards a worldwide multidimensional culture.

Cultural Region of India

  • The Buddhist Culture of Ladhaki
  • The Kashmiri Culture
  • The Kinnori Culture
  • Sikkim, Arunanchal (Buddhist), Great Naga Culture, and other ethnic tribal cultures are found in Sikkim and Arunanchal.

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