What Culture Gaming

These People Helped Shape Video Game Culture in 2020 (Published 2020)

It should come as no surprise that the year 2020 will go down in history as a watershed moment for the video gaming industry. While other industries have seen revenue decline and stores close, gaming firms have reaped the benefits of millions of individuals spending more time at home over the course of many months, according to industry data. Some of those folks have been gamers for a long time, but the year has brought in a new generation of players. Streaming sites such as Twitch, which were formerly restricted for competitive gamers and fans, have expanded to include chess grandmasters and politicians on campaign visits.

And the demand for the new consoles produced by Sony and Microsoft has risen to the point where they are almost difficult to obtain (unless you want to pay a premium).

Animal Crossing: New Horizons evolved become a virtual social gathering place.

The Last of Us Part II, a PlayStation success that depicts gay women (including the game’s main heroine, Ellie), as well as a transgender character, shattered sales records for Sony, selling more than four million copies in its first three days of availability.

Many of those who have made contributions are women.

Increasing Visibility and Accessibility

Image courtesy of Michele Groskopf for The New York Times Magazine. Among those involved in developing the setting of The Last of Us Part II was Emilia Schatz, a designer at Naughty Dog’s studio. In all of her work, she strives to broaden the brains and sympathies of her audience members. “Among narrative mediums, games stand out for their capacity to completely immerse the viewer in the identity of the protagonist and the challenges that face the world in which they inhabit,” she added. Image courtesy of Michele Groskopf for The New York Times Magazine.

  • Schatz stated that portraying gay and transgender persons in roles that are often occupied by cisgender male characters was essential to her, despite the fact that she anticipated criticism.
  • “I have no doubt that the personalities I assist in bringing to life will be no different.” Those who are deaf or hard of hearing, as well as those who have limited mobility, have praised The Last of Us Part II for its extensive suite of accessibility options.
  • As more games take measures to accommodate handicapped players, and as more adapted controllers make it possible for anyone to enjoy games regardless of their impairment, more people are carving out a place for themselves in the gaming community.
  • Image courtesy of Michele Groskopf for The New York Times Magazine.
  • In order to move, she uses a piece of equipment called the QuadStick, which she says she uses by mouth because she has no use of her arms.
  • The fact that I’m able to play a game with my mouth is quite thrilling since I never imagined I’d be able to do so.” For the time being, however, the majority of gamers continue to believe that the other avatars they see in games such as Fortnite are being played by non-disabled persons.

I know a few people who, when playing video games, would never suspect that a person with a handicap was behind the character that was victorious, according to Ms Stevens.

Challenging the System

Indie games, perhaps even more than blockbusters, have attempted to redress imbalances in the gaming industry. In response to her own experiences with networking in the games business, Rosa Carbo-Mascarell, a game designer based in London, wrote A Woman Goes to a Private Industry Party as a parody. When the #MeToo movement hit gaming, she used the term to draw attention to the reality that sexism in the industry is a structural problem that cannot be remedied by removing a few high-profile offenders from the sector.

  • Carbo-opinion, Mascarell’s “it’s the daily sexism that hurts the most.” In the end, we leave the profession bruised and sad because of each and every sexist remark or embarrassing statement that comes our way.” That’s exactly what I intended to demonstrate with my game.” ImageCredit.
  • ImageCredit.
  • Gamers are also taking the lead in organizing labor activities inside the business, particularly as studios come under increased attention for the practice of crunch, which involves lengthy lengths of obligatory overtime as games near release date.
  • “I believe that both parties walked away from it with a common goal for a more amicable and open-channel method of going forward,” she said of the meeting.
  • According to Ms.

Taking Up Space

Putting yourself in the public view as gamers and rivals allows others to have an effect on gaming culture without doing anything special. “Intersectional Tech: Black Users in Digital Gaming,” written by Kishonna Gray, is a study of how women, particularly Black women, utilize digital gaming platforms such as Twitch and the issues they encounter as a result of their participation in them. Image courtesy of Michele Groskopf for The New York Times Magazine. Image courtesy of Michele Groskopf for The New York Times Magazine.

  1. “Some claim they must adjust their material, because men do not consider their contributions to gaming to be worthwhile,” she explained.
  2. Her observation was that “streaming platforms still favor white guys,” as she put it.
  3. According to Ms.
  4. “Right now, the e-sports scene for women is the largest it has ever been,” she stated.
  5. She claims that the chances for women to participate in her favorite video games, the 1999 shooter Counter-Strike and its 2012 sequel, Counter-Strike: Global Offensive, have grown since she first began playing.
  6. She is optimistic that, as a result of such strong support from some of the industry’s most powerful players, her gender will be viewed as mostly incidental to her accomplishments in e-sports.

As she explained, “I have learnt through the years that not only do I want to be one of the greatest female e-sports athletes,” but also wants to be a great competitor “regardless of gender.” Feminist Frequency Radio is hosted by Anita Sarkeesian and Carolyn Petit, who are both feminists.

What is Gaming Culture

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Careers and Culture

Each business is distinct from the others. It has its own personnel, services, goals, activities, and so much more, but the culture of a corporation is undoubtedly the most distinguishing feature of the organization. Company culture is far more than just doughnuts being brought in every other Friday or a few decorations in the office for an employee’s birthday; in fact, it encompasses much more than just those two elements. The culture of a firm is the foundation of the organization. It is the factor that transforms a corporation from a place of business into a family.

  1. That is what a corporate culture that is focused on its employees can do.
  2. GCG takes great pleasure in establishing a culture that is centered on its employees.
  3. GCG is fortunate to have some of the best and most dedicated personnel in the industry to assist the firm in keeping up with all of the change and progress.
  4. GCG throws a range of events for its workers throughout the year to demonstrate their appreciation for their efforts.
  5. All of our activities are geared around commemorating our company and our family.
  6. Every job plays a critical role in the success that GCG has achieved to far.

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Video Games, Encyclopedia of: The Culture, Technology, and Art of Gaming

A comprehensive resource for theoretical and historical content on the subject of video games, this encyclopedia covers the individuals, systems and technology involved as well as theoretical concepts and game mechanics. It also includes information on the games themselves. Two volumes of information on the most important persons, businesses, geographic locations, games, systems, institutions, technology, and theoretical concepts in the field of video games are presented in this encyclopedia.

There are almost 300 entries from 97 contributors, including Ralph Baer and Nolan Bushnell, who were among the pioneers of the video game business, as well as some of the industry’s early games and systems, in the work.

The Encyclopedia of Video Games: The Culture, Technology, and Art of Gaming, which is organized alphabetically by topic and cross-referenced across subject areas, will meet the needs of students and other researchers while also providing fascinating information for game enthusiasts and general readers.


  • In total, there are more than 300 A–Z cross-referenced and integrated entries, covering everything from Atari to Zelda
  • Hundreds of screenshots and photos
  • Dozens of videos
  • There is also a “Further Reading” bibliography section, which has several items.

In Mequon, Wisconsin, Professor Mark J. P. Wolf is a member of the Department of Communication at Concordia University Wisconsin. Before the Crash: Early Video Game History; Myst and Riven: The World of the D’ni; The Video Game Theory Reader 2; The Video Game Explosion: A History from PONG to PlayStation and Beyond; The Video Game Theory Reader; and The Medium of the Video Game are among his published books.


“This book contains well-written and interesting sections on a wide range of issues pertinent to game studies,” says the reviewer. — Choice, published on February 1, 2013 “They are authored by a group of experts that represent over 100 authors and address each issue in a straightforward writing manner, even in the more technologically focused parts. Overall, this package is well-executed and fills a significant gap in the market. Each and every collection would benefit from having it.” — ARBA, 1st of January, 2013 “.

It is my pleasure to state that your stuff is the most concise and accurate that I have ever come across.

Digital Gaming – Media, Society, Culture and You

In an orchestral performance of video game music, the line from the now-famous meme makes an appearance.

Stephen Elson’s photo is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Photograph courtesy of Flickr. “All of your bases are now under our control.” The cat-like Cats, the antagonist of the Sega Genesis game Zero Wing

Digital Games are Stories Users Co-Create

When the “All your base” memes began to circulate around the internet in late 2000 and early 2001, YouTube had not yet been created and was therefore unavailable. Web movies were difficult to load, if they even loaded at all, and manipulated graphics intended to be used to make jokes or memes were still in their infancy. Although the meme’s combination of music, mash-up altered pictures, and recognizable real-world things didn’t appeal to everyone, it connected with a group of young people who grew up with Japanese video games that often had strange translations when they were ported to the American market.

  • It had the ability to convey cultural information.
  • Despite the fact that it was by no means the most popular arcade or SEGA game, something about the “All Your Base” meme was recognizable to youngsters who grew up playing early home consoles.
  • The use of orange backdrop flashes and the appearance of the cyborg villain were both standard fare.
  • You could have got the impression that a piece of your youth had returned if you were born during the 1980s or 1990s.
  • Millions of others recognized the reference in what was one of the first online memes to get widespread notice in the mainstream media.
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Digital Gaming as Digital Culture

It’s possible that the meme’s purpose was to make us chuckle by reminding us of the old games we thought were awesome when we were youngsters. We couldn’t believe how much we were charmed with 8-bit and 16-bit visuals at the time. This brought back memories of how much we enjoyed the gameplay, as well as nostalgia for the 8-bit or “chiptune” soundtrack. In this section, you can create your own chiptune music if you so like. Children who grew up watching television were taken by surprise by the video game culture.

It drew us into the world of intertextuality, and the quality of the experience enhanced as our immersion level climbed.

Users were drawn into the plot by the game’s designers.

There are now digital games that allow us to enter digital space and engage with digital culture works in order to create our own cultural creations of our own.

We have the ability to recreate games inside games. Users may represent practically every part of their lives in the actual world in the digital world thanks to very inexpensive access and open platforms, which are becoming increasingly common.

Narratives and Platforms

Game narratives are present in many types of video games, including arcade games, console games (many of which feature online multiplayer capabilities), mobile games for smartphones, online-only games such as MMORPGs (massively multiplayer online role-playing games), and open-world games such as Minecraft. Because they may be far more intimate than films, they are on par with films as the most immersing mass communication medium. Despite the fact that both films and video games have great production standards and immersive narratives, video games allow customers to play as avatars in the tale and interact with it to affect the plot and the surroundings (within limitations).

  • It is possible that children who grow up with popular games now may have little reason to be nostalgic 10-20 years from now, because many popular games (such as Minecraft) are platforms that will continue to be available even as the games themselves improve.
  • If you want to understand how to reach individuals with a mass-marketed product, video games are a great place to start.
  • A combination of shared and individualized experiences, mobile games built on GPS technology such as Ingress and Pokémon GO from Niantic are examples of this type of hybridization.
  • In raids, they can work together to defeat Pokémon, although certain uncommon variations are released at random, which might provide an incentive for players to trade with one another and participate in the game’s social features.
  • The most successful mass communicators of the future will not only develop products that are jam-packed with messages for large audiences, but they will also be innovators in their fields.
  • For example, science fiction writers have created universes with separate planets, atmospheres, topography, sights and sounds, as well as cultural norms and conventions.
  • Choosing their own adventure novels gives readers the opportunity to experiment with a new degree of freedom in reading.
  • What we’re looking at right now is an immersive graphical universe filled with sights and sounds that are as imaginative as the video game designers and developers that created it.

When a game is designed to function as a creative digital platform or as a space where content can be made and shared, it transforms into a space where the majority of the creative work is done by the player. This may be considered as an opportunity as well as a duty at the same time.

Games and Behavior

The majority of people who play video games prefer having a certain amount of control over the game. Video games are distinct from the vast majority of other kinds of mainstream entertainment. Aside from the choose-your-own-adventure kind, films, popular television series, books, and other works of creative fiction (aside from the choose-your-own-adventure variety) include information about the characters’ identities, locations, and skills and restrictions. In video games, you have complete control over your avatar.

  • The fact that these games provide a diverse range of story lines ensures that your gaming experience will be diversified as well.
  • A man holds up a Nintendo Power Glove, a one-of-a-kind controller for the console game from the 1980s.
  • The cultural norms of a gaming world can be extremely similar to those that most people encounter in the real world, and there are game worlds where this is true.
  • It is not apparent whether or whether consequence-free video games contribute to the development of a real-world society in which individuals are unconcerned with ethics or values.
  • Games such as the Grand Theft Auto series are typically regarded as an escape rather than a model of how to conduct one’s life properly.
  • Some studies have found a link between gaming and short-term violent thoughts, however this sort of research only looks at short-term shifts in emotional state.
  • On the other hand, it’s possible that the long-term societal impact of intensely immersive, violent games isn’t well recognized.
  • Cultivation theory experts frequently claim that shifting perceptions may affect cultural values over time, and that these changes can lead to long-term behavioral changes, in the tradition of a researcher named George Gerbner.

In recent years, some have expressed worry about how society has evolved to become increasingly acceptable of anti-social behavior. Historians may disagree, but there are some experts who believe that, given our current mass media environment, we should expect to reap what we sow.

Behavioral Theory

In its most basic form, Social Learning Theory (developed by Albert Bandura) appears to be a “monkey-see, monkey-do” theory, but it goes far further than just claiming that we copy the actions we see in the media. Specifically, Bandura asserts that human activity produces an environment, which in turn influences both group and individual behavior. To put it another way, Social Learning Theory appears to lend credence to the broad notions that underpin cultivation theory. While Bandura’s point is that real conduct is shaped by the social environment, and that messages in the mass media over time build that environment, the argument is not that media influence must effect behavior as some believe.

  1. According to Social Learning Theory, we may picture a dynamic in which our conduct influences our social environment while, at the same time, our environment establishes boundaries for what is considered acceptable behavior.
  2. If you’re having trouble grasping the concept of this dynamic, consider the example of a sports team.
  3. Individual conduct might be limited by the impact of the team and the environment of the group, but individuals are always free to succeed or fail on their own.
  4. What is the best way to reconcile the concepts of limited media impacts with the ideas about how mass media — including numerous video games — affect the social context in which we live?
  5. Many things, including our parents, friends, school, religion, our neighborhoods, our financial level, opportunities, and sexual connections, may have an impact on our social conduct, but they are not required to do so, according to social behavior researchers.
  6. Instead, recognize that there are several complicated and occasionally chaotic social factors, rather than causes, at work in this situation.
  7. Consider your media environment as well as your own conduct as objects within your control, and make an effort to accept responsibility for your consumption, your actions, and the link between them.
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Video Game Narratives

It appears on the surface to be a “monkey-see-monkey-do” hypothesis developed by Albert Bandura, but it goes far further than just claiming that we emulate the actions we observe in the media. According to Bandura, human activity produces an environment, which in turn influences group and individual behavior in many ways. To put it another way, Social Learning Theory appears to lend credence to the broad notions that underpin cultivating a culture. While Bandura’s thesis is that real conduct is shaped by the social environment, and that messages in the mass media over time produce that environment, the argument is not that media influence must effect behavior.

  1. The theory of social learning suggests that our conduct changes our social environment, while at the same time, our environment establishes boundaries for what is considered acceptable behavior.
  2. When trying to comprehend the concept of this dynamic, think of it in terms of a sports group.
  3. Individual conduct can be limited by team influence and the group’s environment, but individuals are always free to succeed or fail on their own.
  4. How can we reconcile the notions of limited media impacts with the notions of mass media — including numerous video games — influencing the social milieu in which they are used?
  5. Many things, including as our parents, friends, school, religion, our neighborhoods, our financial level, opportunities, and sexual relationships, can have an impact on our social conduct, but they are not required to do so.
  6. Instead, consider that there are numerous complicated and occasionally chaotic social forces, rather than causes, at work in the world.

Consider your media environment as well as your own conduct as objects under your control, and make an effort to accept responsibility for your consumption, your behavior, and the link between them.


WhatCulture is an English online cultural magazine developed by Matt Holmes and Peter Willis that covers movies, gaming, television, and wrestling. WhatCulture is published by the University of Cambridge. TheirYouTubechannelposts top ten lists, movie reviews, trailer breakdowns, episode reviews, and other conversations and issues connected to movies, television, and video games on a regular basis. With high-quality and insightful material from experienced contributors across a wide range of genres, themes and media, WhatCulture is one of the busiest entertainment-based websites of its type.

Every single week, hundreds of pieces from Sky News, Metro Radio, BBC Radio, Dublin FM, and national newspapers are posted on their website by contributors from a variety of media outlets.


The two co-founded WhatCulture in its earlier iteration – as a cinema blog, in 2006 – and began posting articles under the title of Obsessed With Film, with the goal of becoming a news destination and discussion center for everything Hollywood. As a result of his efforts, the WWE department has witnessed significant growth and development, including substantial expansions. Peter, on the other hand, worked tirelessly behind the scenes in the areas of advertising, hosting, and development. In 2011, WhatCulture launched an official YouTube channel, which is still active today.

WhatCulture launched its third official YouTube channel, WhatCulture Gaming, in 2015, marking the company’s third year on the platform.

In addition, they launched two new YouTube channels in 2017, WhatCulture Comics and WhatCulture Football, which are also now active.

Sister Channels

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  • The cast includes Josh Brown, Jules Gill, Ashleigh Millman, Ewan Paterson, Adam Clery, Scott Tailford, Will Earl, Kirsten Ria, Marcus Bronzy, Amy Rapeer, and Gareth Morgan. Josh Brown, Jules Gill, Ashleigh Millman, and Ewan Paterson.

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