- 1 Marketing Insights from Black History Month: A Look at Black Influence on Pop Culture
- 2 Black Influence Goes Mainstream in the U.S.
- 3 How African Americans Have Influenced Style and Culture
- 4 How Black Americans have shaped cool globally
- 5 African Americans
- 6 Names and labels
- 7 The early history of Blacks in the Americas
- 8 A Changing America
- 9 The Untold Impact of African Culture on American Culture
- 10 Opinion
- 11 Black History in Latin America, a story
Marketing Insights from Black History Month: A Look at Black Influence on Pop Culture
The popularity of American pop culture is craved all over the world. American pop culture frequently sets the tone for innovation and trends on the international stage, as seen by the advent of rock n’ roll, the rise of social media, and the rise of the Hollywood film industry. Though they are not often given credit for their contributions, minorities in the United States are an integral element of this jigsaw of power and are not content to remain on the sidelines. People of color, and specifically black people, have an indisputable impact on the dynamics of our nation’s folklore.
The last installment of our Black History Month blog series will highlight some of the many contributions made by members of the Black community to the arts, including music, fashion, and dance.
Today, black culture is mostly associated with the development of R & B music as well as hip hop/rap.
Afro-American slaves on southern plantations developed their own musical forms, which subsequently became known as gospel, the blues, and what is now known as bluegrass and country music, among other things.
- Although no one knows for certain where jazz originated or who was responsible for its development, it is recognized that it is a fusion of the musical traditions of Black New Orleans with the creative flexibility of the blues and other genres.
- The 1960s heralded the arrival of Motown and the Detroit sound, which gave us great music performers such as Stevie Wonder, Smokey Robinson, and the Jackson 5, who are now regarded as the gold standard for music across all cultural boundaries.
- It should come as no surprise, especially in this day and age, that one of the most significant contributions that Black culture has given to music has been in the form of hip hop and rap music.
- It is simply one of many examples of how Black culture may transcend over and be adopted by other civilizations, as has happened in many other places.
- While black culture has had a significant impact on American society, its contributions to music are only the beginning.
- The origins of fashion in Black culture may be traced back to church dress in the South.
- It provided them with an opportunity to convert themselves from “sinners” who were unwilling to worship into “saints” who were eager to worship.
It was in fact Ann Lowe, a high couture fashion designer who produced the iconic wedding dress for Jackie O, that this influence could be seen continuing into the 1940s and 1950s.
Since its inception, black fashion has always had a political undertone or an element of defiance to it.
Today, Black fashion continues to make a political statement within the Black Lives Matter movement.
Furthermore, when it comes to building a personal style, Black-owned enterprises not only appeal to Blacks, but they also have an impact on people from other cultures.
Self-described “sneakerheads” are a well-established group of shoe intuitivists who now come from all walks of life and come from all ethnic backgrounds.
Finally, dancing is strongly ingrained in Black culture and has long served as a common language between people from different cultures, even those outside of the Black community.
It served as a means for slaves to unify and communicate across the continent’s various African languages—as well as to express an inner sense of freedom while remaining rooted in African traditions.
The Harlem Renaissance was founded on the continuation of these dances by Blacks who had relocated to big metropolitan areas at the beginning of the Great Migration, which became a cornerstone of the Harlem Renaissance.
Blacks have contributed to the development of new dance forms that are still in existence today, including as tap, jazz, contemporary dance, and hip hop.
Pioneers such as Katherine Dunham, an academic anthropologist who also happens to be a dancer, transformed these Caribbean traditional dances into a type of performance art.
Although social dancing is primarily a localized activity (for example, “Footwork” and “Dlow Shuffle” in Chicago, “Nae Nae” in Atlanta), many of these dances eventually attain national recognition after emerging from underground organizations.
According to estimates for the future, Blacks will continue to be trend setters, particularly in these three categories.
This represents a tremendous gain, representing a nearly 275 percent increase from 1990, when the total was only $320 billion.
They have a significant impact on the definition of popular culture and have enormous power on how Americans choose to spend their money.
As we discussed in last week’s column, Blacks are always being affected by various cultures in the culinary world, integrating recipes into their menu and infusing them with their own unique taste.
Blacks have also been seen to be more open to experiment with new products and brands.
As stated in Insights to Increase Your Share of a Changing African-American Market, Black consumers are “more likely than non-Hispanic whites to be among the first to set new trends and to consider themselves on the cutting edge,” which implies that they are willing to break away from previous brand loyalty in order to try something new, according to the authors.
Marketing professionals should turn to this group as a means of assisting their businesses in transitioning from a smaller or even underground setting to mainstream pop culture because of their powerful character.
Download our factsheet on this topic, which includes some fascinating background information about Black contributions to music, fashion, and dance, to learn more about this topic and others.
Black Influence Goes Mainstream in the U.S.
From movies to sports to music and everything in between, black culture has a broad appeal, extending deep cultural traditions that span decades and all consumer groups to a wide range of media. Businesses and content makers should take the strength of black influence into consideration when establishing strategic marketing campaigns and initiatives, not only for African-American consumers, but also for the wider community.
African-American Star Power
Higher-income people are being discriminated against. When it comes to purchasing, African-Americans are willing to spend more for higher quality. In truth, Nielsen’s Increasingly Affluent, Educated, and Diverse: A Portrait of America’s Middle Class reveals that the middle class is becoming increasingly diverse. An investigation conducted by The Untold Story discovered that African-Americans earning more than $100,000 per year indicate they are willing to pay a premium for a product that is congruent with the image they wish to project to the world.
Celebrities are frequently used by brands to increase the attraction of their products or services to potential customers.
Celebrity endorsements have purchase implications for African-American consumers across all income levels, but the connection is strongest among households earning $50,000-$75,000, which are 96 percent more likely than their non-Hispanic White counterparts to consider making a purchase if a product or service is endorsed by a celebrity, according to the study.
Beyoncé is one of the top three trendsetting musicians in the whole pop genre, according to Billboard.
Oprah Winfrey is often regarded as the most prominent media figure in the world, particularly on television.
African-Americans Make an Impact on Primetime TV
Because of Nielsen’sState of the African-American Consumerreport published in 2011, the number of African-American-themed television content and series with at least one black main actor or actress has grown. Although African-American families earning more than $100,000 are 142 percent more likely than non-Hispanic white households to react favourably when they see other celebrities in the media who share their ethnic background, this finding remains true across all income levels. “How to Get Away with Murder,” a crime drama on ABC, stars Viola Davis as Annalise Keating, the series’ principal character.
However, that was not the only momentous moment for African-Americans that night.
In addition, actress Uzo Aduba made history by becoming the first actress to win two Primetime Emmy Awards for the same role in two different categories (for “Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series” in 2014 and “Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series” in 2015) for her portrayal of the same character.
For the first time, an African-American woman serves as the show’s creator and executive producer for the complete Thursday primetime roster, which premiered in January.
Besides being the creator and producer of Grey’s Anatomy and Scandal, Shonda Rhimes also serves as the executive producer of the television series How to Get Away with Murder.
The Black Social Media Movement: Impactful, Cultural and Bold
In today’s digital era, online social networks have taken on the role of the virtual water cooler, where all customers may share their thoughts, feelings, goals, and plans with one another and with brands. African-Americans are disproportionately represented on social media platforms. In fact, blacks who make more than $75,000 per year spend an average of 15 hours and 30 minutes each month on Facebook, according to a recent study. In addition, blacks are use social media to become their own publishers, disseminating news and raising general awareness of social concerns and trends, among other things.
- In reality, blacks have a smartphone penetration rate that is 5 percent greater than the general population’s (83 percent vs.
- Among popular mobile applications, Twitter was the third most utilized app among African-American families earning $100,000 or more, with each family spending about two hours and around 13 sessions on the mobile Twitter app every month, according to the study.
- Following the shooting of Trayvon Martin in 2012, the grassroots Black Lives Matter movement began as a hashtag and has grown into one of the most striking instances of how social media conversations are having an impact on civic change.
- Here are a few of the other most popular hashtags that have been discussed by this large and influential group.
How African Americans Have Influenced Style and Culture
Learn how to slay by taking inspiration from the Queens and Kings of Black Style. Photograph courtesy of Rizzoli USA The image is courtesy of Rizzoli USA. E Exploding down runways, in stores, on the internet, and on Main Street – style influenced by the African Diaspora is pervasive in fashion today for individuals of all colors, ethnicities, and creeds — and can be found anywhere. Some important elements contribute to its widespread acceptance, including growing globalization, the Internet, and the desire of millennials of African heritage to experience a sense of ownership over and a better understanding of their African origin and history.
- It was an odd thing that happened when gutsy NFL star Colin Kaepernick took a symbolic stand against police brutality by kneeling during the national anthem at the outset of one of his games.
- Prior to that incident, Kaepernick was most commonly seen with his hair in braids or with his head shaved low on his shoulders.
- Fashion has been ingrained in our popular culture, and Black style, which is prolific and inventive, is constantly proliferating like an amoeba, spawning sub-genres in the process.
- Jazzmen and blueswomen were the ones who introduced trends, such as Billie Holiday, who made a public appearance with a flower in her hair.
- In order to expose scandalously exposed ankles and calves, corsets were abandoned, and dresses became open and free, allowing them to shimmy and shake more effectively.
- A number of instances of Black style that are recognizable to African Americans may be seen in Beyoncé’s exquisiteLemonade video-opera.
- Music by Beyonce Knowles (2003), courtesy of Columbia Records and Rizzoli USA Rizzoli USA provided the image courtesy of Columbia Records.
- My goal in writing this book is to chronicle and portray how Black style is put together and worn, how it is presented, and how it has affected fashion in both significant and incremental ways over time.
She is the author of How to Slay: Inspiration from the Queens and Kings of Black Style (How to Slay: Inspiration from the Queens and Kings of Black Style) (Rizzoli, 2018). Please contact us at [email protected]
How Black Americans have shaped cool globally
On New Year’s Eve in 1962, a 13-year-old called Valery Saifudinov entered the stage with his band at a celebration in Riga, Latvia’s main city at the time, which was still under Soviet authority at the time. When they took the stage in front of several hundred factory workers, they launched into cover versions of songs by artists such as Chuck Berry and Little Richard—Black Americans who, along with forebears such as Sister Rosetta Tharpe, were instrumental in the development of rock n’ roll in the early twentieth century.
Saifudinov, who would eventually go to California, told the San Diego Union-Tribunal in 2012 that “the whole city was talking about rock ‘n’ roll.” Rock albums had been in circulation in the Soviet Union by the time of the concert, despite government efforts to keep them out of circulation.
The popularity of rock music would grow in the years that followed, and questions continue over whether it fanned discontent that contributed to the destabilization of the Soviet state.
They’ve exerted a disproportionate amount of influence over what the United States, and by extension, most of the rest of the world, considers to be cool.
African Americans are one of the most numerous ethnic groups in the United States, and they constitute one of the largest. African Americans are mostly descended from African people, while many also have non-African forebears. Historically, African Americans are mostly descended from enslaved individuals who were forcibly transported from their African homelands to labour in the New World. Their rights were severely restricted, and they were denied for a long time the opportunity to participate fully in the economic, social, and political development of the United States.
- Britannica Quiz Do You Know These African American Innovators?
- Quiz Who was the first African-American woman to be awarded a patent in the United States?
- Put your knowledge to the test.
- At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the South was home to more than half of the country’s more than 36 million African Americans; ten Southern states had Black populations more than one million at the time.
Detroit, Philadelphia, and Houston each had a Black population of between 500,000 and 1 million people, according to the 2010 census.
Names and labels
They reevaluated their identities as they progressed through the many stages of their quest for equality in the United States of America. After being emancipated from slavery, they found the terms black and negro (Spanish for “black”) objectionable, therefore they used the euphemism colored to describe themselves. During the move to the North for manufacturing work, capitalized and negrobe became accepted terms. In order to express pride in their ancestral nation, civil rights advocates chose the term Afro-American, but Black — the emblem of power and revolution — proved to be more widely accepted.
When Jesse Jackson introduced African American in the late 1980s as a way to reestablish “cultural integrity,” it was a radical departure from other “baseless” color labels since it asserted connection with a historical land base.
The early history of Blacks in the Americas
Africans aided the Spanish and the Portuguese throughout their early discovery of the Americas, and they are still doing so today. In the 16th century, some Black explorers settled in the Mississippi valley and the lands that would become South Carolina and New Mexico, among other places. Estéban, a Black explorer who went across the Southwest in the 1530s, is the most well-known Black explorer of the Americas. The unbroken history of African-Americans in the United States started in 1619, when 20 Africans were brought to the English colony of Virginia by the British.
- A substantial number of Africans were being carried to the English colonies by the 1660s, according to historical records.
- An attempt to keep black servants beyond the customary length of their indenture ended in Blackchattelslavery being established in Virginia, which spread to all of the English colonies by 1750, and in all but one of the colonies by 1850.
- Whites also found it easier to justify Black slavery as a result of the emergence of the concept that they were a “inferior” race with a “heathen” culture.
- A total of over 10 million Africans were transported to the Americas during the slave trade, with approximately 430,000 arriving in the region that is now known as the United States.
- On or around the African coast, the main kingdoms of Oyo, Ashanti, Benin, Dahomey, and the Congo had risen to prominence.
- African cities such as Djenné and Timbuktu, which are now located in Mali, were once significant economic and educational centers, and they still are today.
- Captured Africans were frequently marched in shackles to the shore and crammed into the holds of slave ships for the dreadedMiddle Passageacross the Atlantic Ocean, which took them mostly to the West Indies and back.
Survival in the West Indies required that the surviving be “seasoned,” meaning that they were taught the fundamentals of English and trained in the rituals and discipline of plantation life.
A Changing America
Through stories concerning African Americans’ social, economic, political, and cultural experiences, A Changing America: 1968 and Beyond examines contemporary black life today. The scope of the coverage ranges from the death of Martin Luther King, Jr. until the second election of Barack Obama. Visitor paths are marked with large-scale visuals and original artifacts that take them from the Black Arts Movement to Hip Hop, the Black Panthers to “Yes We Can,” and Black is Beautiful to #BlackLivesMatter.
- Follow up on the historical investigation of African American activism and the search for justice and equality that was started in the exhibitions on slavery and segregation. Exhibit how African American contributions and challenges are essential to modern American culture and politics. Educate visitors on how they may contribute to making America a more just and equitable place by offering historical background for open and honest dialogues about race and social justice
177 A dress made by Tracy Reese and worn by the First Lady in conjunction with the 50th Anniversary of the March on Washington, from 2013 to 2015.
The year 1968 was a watershed moment in the history of the African American liberation movement. After realising that just removing Jim Crow segregation would not result in equality and justice for African Americans, the fight for African American freedom took on new dimensions. As time went on, the movement came to see itself as part of a broader global struggle for freedom, which included anti-colonial upheavals in African countries as well as counter-cultural movements spearheaded by young people in Europe and the Americas.
The Movement Marches On
Through government persecution, internal strife, a conservative backlash, and indications of some progress toward equality, the Black Power Movement had lost much of its vigor and impetus by the mid-1970s. Although this signaled the end of action, African Americans continued to mobilize in support of equal access and opportunity in the workplace. More than that, the black liberation movement served as an inspiration and catalyst for the formation of social justice groups led by Latinos, Asian Americans, American Indians, women, gay men, and people who identified with a combination of these identities.
The Black Studies Movement and The Black Museum Movement
The establishment of Black Studies departments on college and university campuses marked the beginning of widespread institutional support for the study of African American history on a large scale. By 1975, there were more than 200 university programs in Black or Africana studies to choose from across the United States. At the same time, organizations formed and maintained by African Americans began collecting, preserving, and displaying to the public physical evidence of African American culture and accomplishments.
Shifting Landscapes: Cities and Suburbs
Manufacturing occupations have traditionally been the primary source of income for urban black households. As firms relocated factories out of the city or out of the nation, those positions became obsolete. When African-American candidates for municipal office began to gain traction, city governments found it increasingly difficult to provide enough housing and public services such as schools, roads, police, health care, and garbage collection. In response to pressing needs, activists and community organizations developed initiatives to fulfill them while also protesting laws that harmed minorities and the poor.
African-American families relocated from the inner city to a nearby suburb as soon as they were able, drawn by the prospect of larger homes and better municipal amenities. Major urban regions have transformed as a result of the influx of African and Latino immigrants from Africa and the Americas.
Decades of Paradox and Promise (1970-2015)
A cautious optimism prevailed among African Americans as the twentieth century came to a close, owing to the strides achieved over the preceding generation of African Americans. The election and re-election of Barack H. Obama to the position of 44th President of the United States were a symbol of these transformations. However, as a result of the emergence of the black economic elite, a distinct and seemingly insurmountable divide emerged between the black middle and tiny upper classes and those who were forced to live in poverty.
- Although African Americans had a significant effect on American cultural and political issues throughout this period, racial fairness and social justice remained aspirational rather than achievable goals.
- Since the passage of the Immigration Reform Act of 1965, the immigration of hundreds of thousands of Africans and Afro-Caribbeans has transformed the face of black America.
- The poster for presidential candidate Shirley Chisholm was created in 1972.
- From 1971 to 1972, a Vietnam tour jacket with black power embroidery was worn.
The Untold Impact of African Culture on American Culture
Dontaira Terrell contributed to this article. The contributions and cultural influences derived from enslaved Africans have been severely undervalued in the development of the American cultural tradition. Africanisms, which include everything from traditional folklore to Southern cuisine to song and dance, are not only prevalent in today’s society, but they also have a widespread and deeply rooted influence throughout the United States. During the Middle Passage, enslaved Africans were forced to abandon their traditional customs, conceal spiritual rituals, and destroy cultural artifacts in order to survive.
- Unfortunately, Africans’ contributions to the economics, wealth, and culture of the United States have been whitewashed or given little to no credit since the country’s founding, a story that is all too familiar in the country’s historical record.
- Rice was initially introduced to the farming market of South Carolina in the 1700s, when it was brought from Madagascar by missionaries.
- Southwestern Cuisine:At the time of the transatlantic voyage, black-eyed peas, okra, kidney and lima beans were gathered and collected in Africa for enslaved Africans who would be transported to the New World via slave ships.
- Cornbread, which was frequently prepared by enslaved Africans, was assimilated to African millet bread and fufu, a traditional African meal that is similar to “turn meal and flour,” a popular dish associated with the state of South Carolina.
- African stories, fables, and oratory traditions have become ingrained in American culture, serving as a foundation for early childhood learning and development through the use of nursery rhymes and other forms of storytelling.
- The upshot was that rhythmic singing and dance became an important part of New World culture, with shuffles, breakdowns, jigs, and the strut being accompanied by drum-less beats made with their hands or feet becoming commonplace.
- Spirituals are a type of religious music that originated in Africa and spread around the world.
- In addition to the establishment of the dairy business and artificial insemination of cows, enslaved Africans are also responsible for the development of several vaccinations and remedies, including those for smallpox and venomous snake stings.
The most influential staple of African heritage can be seen across current popular culture, where America has consistently profited in a variety of ways, including language, hair styles, clothes, and contemporary music.
Several years ago, when I was ten years old, my family and I went to Van Cortlandt Park in the Bronx, New York, for an unplanned Sunday evening performance. It was 1980, and rap trailblazers The Sugarhill Gang headlined the event. Earlier in the year, their smash song “Rapper’s Delight” had reached number one on Billboard’s Hot 100 chart (it was also the first rap single ever to be a Top 40 hit). But it wasn’t the music and the dancing that made that night all Kool and the Gang for me. What made it so remarkable for me was being in a gathering of hundreds of Black people, all of whom were celebrating life in a country that appeared to be committed to Black pain and death.
- after rewatching the miniseries “Roots” that spring — something I could know but in no way explain back then.
- It is part of what the late civil rights leader John Lewis referred to as “good difficulty” that we find joy in our blackness.
- It is true, of course, that African Americans have undergone and resisted decades of tyranny, from kidnapping and enslavement to rape, lynching, and debt peonage, among other things.
- When it comes to blackness in America, the whole is bigger than the sum of its parts.
- One cannot properly comprehend Blackness and the achievements that Black people have achieved in the United States until one first comprehends the joy that Black people receive from their identity as Black.
- Some of them preached spiritual liberation and equality for enslaved people, even as they rationalized real-world injustice in their own communities.
- Black adaption was also involved in the embrace of Protestant Christianity.
- The Jews heard this from Nehemiah after he helped restore Jerusalem in Nehemiah 8:10, when he thanked them for their assistance in the rebuilding of the city.
- When the people heard such remarks, they sobbed.
- Despite its disgrace, he endured the cross for the joy that was set before him and sat down at the right hand of God’s right hand.” Neither of these passages exemplifies the conventional concept of happiness.
As the late historian Sterling Stuckey demonstrated years ago in his seminal book “Slave Culture,” the Christianity that enslaved Africans adopted was a fusion of white religion’s emphasis on salvation in the afterlife with West African understandings of life and afterlife, of calling on gods and ancestors for blessings and wisdom, of the interpretation of signs and omens.
- It showed itself in two ways: through the praise house and the ring yell, respectively.
- The ring shout, a circular call-and-response group dance that was performed in the praise house, was an important part of the worship experience.
- The ability to bring joy into reality through resistance enabled the shards of Ga-Dangbe, Igbo, Yoruba, Kongo, and Wolof traditions to survive the apocalypse of abduction, the Middle Passage, and Western Hemisphere chattel slavery.
- What we now identify as the larger American culture was grown out of the embers of Africanness that were kept alive via subversion and resistance through song, dance, and religion.
- It was during the nineteenth century that the earliest spirituals evolved into gospel, which merged with Anglo- and Irish-American folk tunes to generate nineteenth-century popular music in the United States.
- For the most part, there is no American joy, no American culture, and certainly no Black joy, if there isn’t also Black anguish and struggle against and against American racism and exploitation as well.
- However, it has also gifted us with the subtext of subversion: the joy of resistance as well as the joy of resisting via Black life, both of which are uplifting.
- It was over three years ago, in September 2017, that I participated in the March for Black Women in Washington, D.C., that I had my last communal experience of Black joy.
An enveloping darkness of ecstasy shrouded in hardship. If the horrors of slavery and Jim Crow could not rob Black people of their pleasure, then the coronavirus epidemic, bare dictatorial government, and corporate dominance of America’s democracy have little chance.
Black History in Latin America, a story
Saturday, September 15, 1500
Black History in Latin America, a story
The children of Salvador (Favela) in Brazil. Hispanic Heritage Month officially began on this date in 1968. This page provides a brief overview of the history of African people in South and Central America, as well as Mexico and the Caribbean. The commemoration originated in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week and was officially established by President Lyndon Johnson in 1968 as a federal holiday. President Ronald Reagan signed it into law in 1988, extending it to cover a full month (from September 15 to October 15) and extending it to a year.
- Nonetheless, they embraced reality to the greatest extent possible, beginning with the Africans to the Americas, which began before European colonization of Mexico.
- To get from West Africa to the (then) New World, the most direct path was across what is now known as Brazil.
- Brazil now has the highest population of African people outside of the African continent, and this is primarily due to immigration.
- The slave trade from Africa to the New World continued for the next four centuries, bringing millions of captives to the New World and enslaving them.
- African-Americans have made significant contributions to the cultural mix of their separate communities over the course of centuries, exerting a significant effect on all aspects of indigenous life in Latin America.
- The Africans who came to the New World, whether as slaves or as free Blacks, carried with them a diverse range of African cultural influences.
- They, like other displaced peoples, rejected certain components of their culture, adjusted others, and developed new ones in their own way to survive.
When it comes to developing an African (central or south) American culture in Latin America, the number of Africans in local society and the amount of time they spend in any one location are important factors to consider.
This was an important and active type of European society and culture for them to contend with.
Eventually, elements of the African ethnic subculture were incorporated into the mainstream society.
People of African heritage exercised significant authority over their everyday lives in the plantation communities of the Caribbean islands, despite the efforts of the politically dominant minority group to constrain and subjugate them.
Caribbean people speak dialects of normal European languages that are always influenced by West African speech patterns, regardless of whether the spoken language is English, Spanish, French, or Dutch in the context of the Caribbean.
Papiamento, a mix of Dutch, Spanish, and Portuguese, is one of the official languages in Curaçao, Aruba, and Bonaire.
None of these Creole languages is exclusive to the lower socioeconomic groups or the ignorant.
As an unique minority, African people in the Americas experienced a period of cultural transformation as a result of their arrival on the continent.
The carnival is a good illustration of this.
By the early twentieth century, however, it had drawn people from all social groups and ethnicities.
Despite the fact that carnival has gained in popularity and that its activities are available to people of all races and social levels, the majority of those who attend these carnivals are still of African descent.
Some African origins and influences, however, were lost in the process of moving from low to high culture in some situations.
One obvious source is the Spanish fandango, although the fandango is also a Moorish dance form in its own right.
Because of the colorful rhythms and melodies that African-Americans carried with them from their ancestral homeland, Latin American music has always been heavily impacted by them.
Brazilian music is richly infused with African motifs, and well-known composers such as Heitor Villa-Lobos have long drawn inspiration from the rich musical tradition of the continent’s black population.
In the case of Blacks living in Central and Latin America and the Caribbean, spirituality and religious rituals were important elements in their cultural adjustment, as predicted.
Religious allegiance, on the other hand, is no longer limited to people of a certain race or color.
Although religious sects of African origin such as the vodun in Haiti (see Vodun), the shango in Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, and Brazil; the Santera in Cuba and Puerto Rico; the Kumina, Myal, Revivalist, and Ras Tafari in Jamaica; and the Umbanda, Macounda, and others in Brazil are no longer exclusively black in origin, they are still predominantly black in origin.
Well-known tales and legends are mostly of African origin in various regions of Latin America, such as Brazil, and are popular with children and adults alike.
Some, such as the Brazilian poet Luis Gama, were also involved in the abolitionist movement at the time of their deaths.
As nationalism grew in strength over the twentieth century, African origins came to receive increasingly greater emphasis.
Guillén, one of Cuba’s most prominent poets, composed some of his finest works as “Black” poetry based on the rhythms of Afro-Cuban music, which he considered to be some of his best work.
For example, in Derek Walcott’s Nobel Prize-winning poetry and in Jamaica Kincaid’s autobiographical short tales, one may detect a sense of reconciliation with contrasts between the artists’ original West Indian and adopted white environments.
Maroonsettlements were (in reality) Black states during the time of slavery in the United States of America.
The result was that they were, in effect, states inside states.
Haiti was just the second sovereign country in the western hemisphere (the first being the United States at the time), and it was the first to be controlled by African-Americans.
In many other countries, black people were active in politics, but in certain countries, such participation was prohibited or severely limited.
Also hidden were the military attempts of Afro-Cuban commanders Pedro Ivonet and Evaristo Estenoz to overturn the political choice that resulted in tragedy in 1912, actions that were also concealed.
In 1931, the Frente Negra Brazileira (Brazilian Black Front) was established in the Brazilian city of So Paulo.
Blacks have been involved in politics in the British, French, and Dutch Caribbean for more than a century, and they currently hold positions of power at the municipal level.
State.gov ” data-wplink-url-error=”true”>Saint Lucia, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica, Antigua, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Jamaica are among the countries represented.
A number of other Caribbean countries have also developed direct or indirect links with the free states of Africa, either directly or through United Nations agencies or other international organizations.
Black communities are expressing themselves across Latin America now, following years of marginalization and seeming invisibility on the continent.
The first was the election of the country’s first Black mayor, who was also the country’s first Black minister of sports, Pele, who was a former soccer star.
In recent elections, leaders in Colombia’s Congress have emphasized their African background rather than denying it, as has been done in the past.
Economic and political stability, which allows the social order to be concerned about the disadvantaged and the underprivileged to push their demands, are contributing factors in the growth of activist movements.
It was estimated that as many as 150 million Latin Americans, or around a third of the region’s population, are descended from African slaves in 1996 by the Inter-American Development Bank, which was one of the few regional studies of its sort at the time.
Many people of mixed race do not consider themselves to be Black, which results in lower estimates from other sources.
In addition, the independence days of Mexico, Chile, Belize, and Puerto Rico are celebrated on September 16, September 18, September 21, and September 23, respectively, on the calendar year.
Reference:Africana In this volume, we present an encyclopedia of the African and African-American experience. Editors: Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry Louis Gates Jr.Published by Copyright in 1999ISBN 0-465-0071-1Public Broadcasting System