Why Would Culture Shock Be A Useful State Of Mind For A Sociologist

Exam #1 Flashcards

The course SOCL 100S/Introduction to Sociology is offered at the State University of New York at Geneseo. People, as opposed to sociologists, derive much of their knowledge about the world from:-practical knowledge, experiences, and what they learnt from their parents or friends What methods do sociologists use to observe society? In order to better comprehend social interactions, it is necessary to examine a variety of institutions (for example, education, economics, and politics). -associate who is interested in various elements of society In its most basic definition, sociology is the systematic and scientific investigation of human society and social behavior.

-at any level, ranging from interactions between two individuals to large-scale organizations The sociological study of people “doing things together,” according to Howard Becker, is best understood as the study of “people doing things together.” According to this concept, neither society nor the person exist in isolation; rather, they are both reliant on the other to function well.

Which one is more beneficial?

Identify which of the following statements best describes the field of microsociology.

  1. Christine Williams investigated patterns of occupational sex segregation, studying the ways in which large-scale social systems impose limitations on individuals’ ability to live their lives freely.
  2. The social imagination can be defined as follows: We can grasp the link between our particular circumstances and bigger societal forces because we have a certain quality of mind called social cognition.
  3. For what reason did C.
  4. – There are many individuals who are completely unconscious of the subtle links that exist between the patterns of their own lives and the overall trajectory of history.
  5. The understanding of how these activities differ among cultures demonstrates a good sociological imagination, but the question remains as to why.

Answers to questions 12 through 19 will be taken from On the Job: Famous Sociology Majors: Pages 14-15 of the textbook If you have a sociological imagination and someone wants you to investigate unemployment rates in a metropolis of fifty million people where fifteen million people are unemployed, where should you begin your research?

  1. – Society’s economic and political systems should be taken into consideration.
  2. In light of how much information is shared between various subjects, why does sociology continue to exist as a separate academic discipline?
  3. Observe the graphical representation of the discipline of sociology’s family tree (pg.
  4. Why are Karl Marx and Émile Durkheim represented in such a disparate manner, despite the fact that they were both extremely important throughout the classical era of sociological theory?

Unlike earlier religious traditions that attempted to determine the ultimate cause or source of reality, Auguste Comte developed positivism in order to:-identify laws that describe the behavior of a particular reality;-identify laws that describe the behavior of a particular reality;-identify laws that describe the behavior of a particular reality What historical circumstances persuaded Auguste Comte that society needed to be directed by philosophers who understood social rules and how to apply them?

  • In the aftermath of the French Revolution, there was a period of uncertainty.
  • In terms of the growth of sociology as a field, what was Harriet Martineau’s most significant contribution, in your opinion?
  • Mr.
  • According to Émile Durkheim, individuals in primitive civilizations were joined together by a mechanical solidarity that held them together.
  • -common customs and comparable life circumstances If you get up in the morning, you are likely reliant on more than 100 strangers to supply you with energy, water, natural gas, weather predictions and other services within ten minutes of starting your day.
  • Which of Durkheim’s concepts best explains why both positive and bad economic situations may lead to an increase in suicide rates, and which one is most accurate?
  • According to Émile Durkheim, industrialized societies are characterized by an inherent solidarity that allows them to operate.
  • -the interconnectedness of all things and the individual rights of all people Durkheim postulated that the continuously changing conditions of modern life result in anomie, according to his theory.
  • -a sense of disorientation or a lack of social relationships Émile Durkheim stated in The Elementary Forms of Religious Life that religion was a major source of social unity and that it should be encouraged.
  • – Religion helped to strengthen community relationships and promote moral principles that were shared by everybody.

-difficulties arising between social groupings According to Karl Marx, the most significant component in social life is a person’s ability to do the following things: -the relationship between the means of production and the end product What, according to Marx, is the most important tool for the subjugation of the lower classes in contemporary society?

It’s unclear what exactly Marx was addressing when he declared that religion is “the opium of the masses.” -the practice of religion by members of the ruling elite The interests of the ruling class, according to Karl Marx, could not be served by the belief in a recompense in paradise for worldly suffering.

  1. -increase awareness of social classes Page 28 of the textbook, Global Perspective: Eurocentrism, should be read.
  2. This paragraph will serve as the basis for questions 42-49.
  3. To get familiar with past research that is relevant to his issue, one should examine the literature.
  4. Survey research is more likely to yield quantitative results.

Determine the nature of the problem or ask a question To perform an experiment on people as part of a dissertation or thesis at a university, a student would first need to confer with one or more of the following organizations: -the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of the university In this case, given that the weather has an impact on both high ice cream sales during the summer and high violent crime rates, the weather would be classified as what sort of variable?

Third variable or spurious correlation: A link that appears to exist between two variables, but is really created by an external, intervening variable or by a combination of factors.

dissemination of results (publication, dissemination of findings What type of sources might someone use if they wanted to undertake research utilizing material from someone else’s Facebook page that they found on their own Facebook page?

What is the scientific process, and how does it work? This process is the industry standard for gathering and confirming empirical knowledge. What are the steps in research that should be done in accordance with the scientific method, and in what sequence should they be finished?

  1. The following steps are required: identify the problem or topic
  2. Do a literature review
  3. Establish hypotheses
  4. Provide definitions for variables
  5. Pick a research design or approach
  6. Gather data
  7. Analyze data
  8. And distribute results.
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You are conducting research on the influence of contemporary media as part of your course work. In the case of your hypothesis, “viewing violence on television promotes an increase in violent conduct,” what are the variables in your study? -violence shown on media and violent conduct When it comes to violence in the media, you’re doing some homework. If you’re attempting to determine whether “violence” comprises both words and acts, at what stage of the research process are you now involved? A paradigm shift is a significant alteration in the assumptions that are employed to comprehend the world and its phenomena.

  1. -new evidence that alters the existing paradigm.
  2. What fundamental stage of the scientific method may have prevented him from getting into this situation?
  3. Despite the fact that you may think this belief ridiculous, it is true: The topic of smoking has been chosen for a social research methodologies class.
  4. There are two persons who say yes.
  5. As a result of this discussion, the class determines that a smoker will be defined as anybody who has smoked a cigarette in the previous week and who presently possesses a pack of cigarettes for the purposes of its survey.
  6. When the sociologists go to the sewage treatment facility to conduct tests on the sewage, what component of the study process will they be carrying out with them?
  7. Children who had better attachments to their parents were far less likely to experiment with drugs or alcohol.

This implies that religion served as an intervening variable, as follows: According to one study, there is a substantial association between not smoking and having a good grade point average in college.

As opposed to believing that humans are inherently superior to the rest of the animal world, Darwin asserted that humans are only a component of a bigger system that is guided by natural laws.

What type of study are you conducting if you are observing a group in order to establish its norms, values, rules, and meanings?

The goal of sociologists is to characterize the activities they see and to understand what those activities signify to the people who are participating.

In order to better understand social life, which of the following is a benefit of employing ethnography?

When conducting sociological research, what are the DISADVANTAGES of adopting ethnography as a method?

Representativeness in social research refers to the fact that a smaller sample of persons researched can reveal something about a larger group of people; and A research approach that focuses on getting an insider’s perspective of the everyday lives of individuals under inquiry, frequently refuting misconceptions about the group under investigation, is which of the following?

In order to begin their investigation, they immersed themselves in the surrounding neighborhood.

The following are examples of people who have assimilated themselves into their communities: Because interviews take too much time, sociologists can only interview a limited number of individuals, limiting the amount of information they can collect.

The following are examples of closed-ended questions:-a question that is asked of the responder and that places a limit on the number of potential responses-a question that is asked of the respondent and that Researchers should aim to avoid asking questions that are double-barreled, or questions that:-ask about numerous concerns at the same time In most cases, what sort of question generates a wide range of replies by enabling respondents to react in whatever way they feel is most suitable for them is?

  • There are several advantages to conducting interviews as a research tool, the most notable of which being When it comes to questions, face-to-face talks, and reactions, the interviewer has complete power.
  • What were the advantages of her decision to conduct research using interviews as a method?
  • According to some researchers, interviews give “voice” to people who may have never been heard before and provide privileged access to real experience, secret worlds, and true selves for those who have never been heard before.
  • The respondents’ ideas, feelings, and views can be revealed by enabling them to talk in their own words and in their own language.
  • How do Likert scales help respondents to express themselves in response?
  • According to this study, the target audience includes all , and the group of people who will be asked the survey questions is referred to as the .
  • The reason for this is that surveys allow students to respond to questions in private and ensure that their replies remain anonymous.

Louis, Laud Humphreys studied the “tearoom trade,” which consisted of anonymous gay meetings in the men’s rooms of public parks.

While keeping an eye out for his subjects, he also secretly took down license-plate numbers as they drove away, allowing him to track down their identities and addresses afterwards.

When the dissertation was released, many of the guys (and their families) were able to recognize themselves because of his accounts of the interviews.

-because it isn’t protected by confidentiality What can an institutional review board do if it has concerns about a research project’s safety or ethics, and what can they do about it?

When it comes to students, action research is becoming increasingly popular.

Not following an ideal-type model, but tailoring it to the restrictions of the real scenario is required.

What research approach is employed by a sociologist who watches a lot of television and counts the number of times women are cast in parts that are lower in social status than those performed by males in the same show?

Some “facts” that sociologists originally considered to be unquestionably true are today seen as views, prejudices, or conjecture, rather than as unequivocally true facts.

Is this true or false? Pages 50 and 51 should be read: Action Research will be used in the future (Questions 96-100 will derived from this passage)

Exam 1

100 Why might being in a condition of culture shock be beneficial to a sociologist’s work? a. It causes us to question our capacity to operate in even the most basic of situations. b. It necessitates travel, which contributes to our development as human beings b. It makes us feel scared, and having a feeling of terror is a good thing for sociologists to have. d. Shock is always beneficial for thinking since it sharpens the intellect. e. It helps us recognize that we have a limited grasp of our environment, which allows us to more clearly notice what is directly in front of us.

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employ the scientific approach to analyze the survey questions he has created in order to get familiar with past research that is relevant to his issue, he should examine the literature It is important for him to precisely describe his variables and to explore for connections between two or more diverse phenomenae.

Jewelry made by the Navajo people; a knife, fork, and spoon; French wine from an imported vineyard; a Rembrandt artwork; membership in a political party E

Culture Shock

If you move to a different culture, you may experience culture shock. It is also the feeling of being disoriented that a person may have when experiencing a new way of life due to immigration or a visit to another country, or when transitioning between social environments, or when simply transitioning to another type of life is the experience of culture shock. Individuals who find themselves in a strange environment are one of the most prominent causes of culture shock. Culture shock may be divided into four separate phases: the honeymoon period, the frustration phase, the adjustment phase, and the mastery phase.

Information overload, language barrier, generation gap, technology gap, skill interdependence, formulation reliance, homesickness (cultural), endless regress (homesickness), boredom (job dependency), response capacity, and other issues are all common concerns in today’s society (cultural skill set).

Four phases

Because of the romantic nature of this time period, the disparities between old and modern culture are regarded in a romantic light. One could fall in love with new foods, the speed of life, and the customs of a foreign nation after relocating there for a year or two.

During the first few weeks, the majority of individuals are enthralled by the unfamiliar culture. They associate with natives who speak their language and who are kind to outsiders, as opposed to those who do not. This moment, like other honeymoon periods, will ultimately come to an end.


After a period of time (typically three months or more, depending on the individual), the disparities between the old and new cultures become obvious, which may cause worry for the individual. As one continues to witness undesirable situations that may be viewed as weird and insulting to one’s cultural mindset, one’s excitement may finally give way to unpleasant sentiments of irritation and wrath. Obstacles like as language barriers, severe disparities in public cleanliness, traffic safety, and the accessibility and quality of food can all contribute to a sense of alienation from one’s immediate environment.

The greatest significant development, however, has been in the area of communication: People who are transitioning to a new culture frequently experience feelings of loneliness and homesickness since they are not yet accustomed to the new surroundings and encounter new people on a daily basis with whom they are not familiar.

If you are a student studying abroad, you may notice that you are experiencing extra symptoms of loneliness that may eventually influence your overall lifestyle.

This is especially true when cultural distances are great, as patterns of logic and speech differ and a strong emphasis is placed on rhetoric.


One becomes acclimated to the new culture and establishes habits after a period of time (typically 6 to 12 months). In the majority of instances, one knows what to expect, and the host nation no longer appears to be all that foreign. One begins to be concerned with the necessities of life once more, and things begin to appear more “normal.” The development of problem-solving abilities for dealing with the culture and the acceptance of the culture’s customs with a good attitude are the first steps toward integration.


Individuals who have reached the mastery level are able to participate completely and comfortably in their host culture.

Mastery does not necessarily imply complete conversion; people may retain many characteristics of their previous culture, such as accents and languages. It is referred regarded as the bicultural period in many circles.

Reverse culture shock

Reverse culture shock (also known as “re-entry shock” or “own culture shock”) can occur when a person returns to his or her own culture after becoming used to a new one. This can have the same consequences as the impacts outlined above. All of them are manifestations of the psychosomatic and psychological effects of the readjustment process to the native culture. This is frequently more startling and difficult to deal with for the individual who has been impacted than the first culture shock.

Generally speaking, there are two components to reverse culture shock: idealization and expectations.

Second, when we are separated from our familiar environment and placed in a foreign one, we make the mistake of assuming that our former reality hasn’t altered.

Upon realizing that life back home has changed, that the world has moved on without us, and the process of readjusting to these new circumstances while also integrating our new impressions of the world into our old way of life, we experience discomfort and psychological suffering.


Following the Adjustment Phase, there are three primary outcomes:

  • Following the Adjustment Phase, there are three main outcomes:

Culture shock manifests itself in a variety of ways, with varying durations and degrees of severity. Many individuals are hampered by its existence and are oblivious to the fact that they are being inconvenienced.

Transition shock

Culture shock is a subtype of a larger concept known as transition shock, which is more global in scope. Transition shock is a sense of loss and confusion caused by a shift in one’s usual surroundings that necessitates readjusting to the new environment. Transition shock manifests itself in a variety of ways, including:

  • The want to return home and see old friends
  • The feeling of powerlessness and retreat
  • Irritability, anger
  • Mood swings
  • The glazed look
  • The desire to return home and see old friends
  • Physiological stress responses
  • Homesickness
  • Boredom
  • Withdrawal
  • Becoming “stuck” on a certain task
  • Extreme sleepiness, compulsive eating, excessive drinking, and weight gain are all symptoms of bipolar disorder. Host nationalities are being stereotyped
  • There is hostility against host nationals.
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  1. The authors, John Macionis and Linda Gerber, have written “Chapter 3 – Culture.” Jump up Pedersen, Paul. Sociology, 7th edition, Toronto, ON: Pearson Canada Inc., 2010. 54. Print
  2. Jump up Pedersen, Paul. Sociology, 7th edition, Toronto, ON: Pearson Canada Inc., 2010. Observations on Critical Incidents from Around the World. The Five Stages of Culture Shock. Contributions in psychology, volume 25, number 25. Springer-Verlag, Westport, Connecticut (1995)
  3. Jump upBarna, LaRay M. “HOW CULTURE SHOCK AFFECTS COMMUNICATION.” Communication 5.1, no date, pages 1-18. SocINDEX with Full Text is available. Jump up Oberg, Dr. Kalervo. “Culture Shock and the Problem of Adjustment to New Cultural Environments.” EBSCOhost.29 Sept.2009.web
  4. Jump up “Culture Shock and the Problem of Adjustment to New Cultural Environments.” EBSCOhost.29 Sept.2009.web
  5. Jump up “Culture Shock and the Problem of Adjustment to New Cultural Environments.” The World Wide Classroom Consortium for International Education (WWCCIE) is a non-profit organization that promotes international education across the world. Cross-cultural studies. 29 September 2009
  6. Jump upMavrides, Gregory PhD “Culture Shock and Clinical Depression.” 29 September 2009. Living and working in China as a foreign teacher is a comprehensive guide. Jump up Martin Woesler, A new model of intercultural communication – critically examining, merging, and further refining the core models of Permutter, Yoshikawa, Hall, Geert Hofstede, Thomas, Hallpike, and the social-constructivism, Middle Kingdom Life, 2009. Web. 29 September 2009. Jump up Huff, Jennifer L. “Parental attachment, reverse culture shock, perceived social support, and college adjustment of missionary children.” Bochum/Berlin 2009, book series Comparative Cultural Sciences vol. 1
  7. Jump up Huff, Jennifer L. “Parental attachment, reverse culture shock, perceived social support, and college adjustment of missionary children.” Journal of Psychology and Theology, Vol. 29, No. 3, 2001, pp. 246-264. Martin, Hank (29 September 2009)
  8. Jump up Reverse Culture Shock: How to Cope with It. Michael Winkelman’s Breaking Trail Online
  9. Jump upWinkelman, Michael (1994). “Cultural Shock and Adaptation” is the title of this article. The Journal of Counseling Development has a second issue that is 121–126 pages long
  10. Jump upWinant, Howard (2001). A Ghetto Has Been Created On The Face Of The Earth. Jump upChristofi, Victoria, and Charles L. Thompson. New York, NY: Basic Books, p. 258. ISBN 0-465-04341-0
  11. Jump upChristofi, Victoria, and Charles L. Thompson “You Can’t Go Home Again: A Phenomenological Investigation of Returning to the Sojourn Country After Studying Abroad” is a paper published in the journal “You Can’t Go Home Again.” Journal of Counseling Development, volume 85, number 1, pages 53-63, 2007. SocINDEX with Full Text is available. 15 Oct. 2009
  12. Jump upCESA. “coping with cultural shock.” Web. 15 Oct. 2009
  13. Jump up OIRED is a management entity that was established on September 29, 2009. Web site: Office of International Research, Education, and Development.

Why would culture shock be useful state of mind for a sociologist

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