- 1 Human Development Final Ch. 14-EP Flashcards
- 2 How Substance Abuse Can Negatively Influence the Workplace
- 3 Problems Caused in the Workplace
- 4 Measuring the Costs
- 5 Contributing Factors
- 6 Prevention Works
- 7 drug use – Social and ethical issues of drug abuse
- 8 Conflicting values in drug use
- 9 Youth and drugs
Human Development Final Ch. 14-EP Flashcards
‘The master’s tools will never be able to demolish the master’s house,’ writes Audre Lorde. It is possible to compel institutions to modify their rules, but it is unlikely that efforts originating inside white supremacist culture will be sufficient to transform professionalism in white-majority nations. The fact remains that workers of color and their supporters need tools to make incremental improvements and attain the work lives for which they have fought and deserve, regardless of how faulty those tools may be.
How Substance Abuse Can Negatively Influence the Workplace
Employees who abuse alcohol and drugs generate a slew of costly difficulties for business and industry, including lost productivity, accidents, and a rise in health insurance claims. According to the National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information, the cost to businesses in the United States as a result of employee alcohol and drug addiction totals $100 billion per year (NCADI). These startling figures do not include the costs associated with diverting corporate resources away from other priorities in order to handle substance misuse concerns.
Workers in the United States who misuse alcohol and drugs incur high costs for medical treatment as well as social and other difficulties that impact both the employees and the companies.
Problems Caused in the Workplace
Other difficulties that alcohol and drug addiction can create on the work, in addition to deaths and accidents, absenteeism, and loss of output, include as follows:
- Tardiness and napping on the work
- A hangover or withdrawal that affects job performance
- Poor decision-making
- Loss of efficiency
- Theft Coworkers’ morale is suffering as a result. An increased risk of encountering difficulties with coworkers/supervisors or with duties Obsessive thinking about how to get and use drugs while at work, which interferes with attention and focus
- Illegal acts at work, such as the sale of illicit narcotics to coworkers, are prohibited. Increased turnover
- New staff are given orientation
- Procedures for disciplinary action
Measuring the Costs
Absenteeism, injuries, health insurance claims, loss of production, employee morale, theft, and deaths are all examples of company expenses that may be quantified.
Impact of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
According to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence data, alcohol and drug users include:
- They are significantly less productive
- They take three times as many sick days. Are more prone to hurt themselves or someone else than the general public. Are five times more likely than the general population to submit a worker’s compensation claim
According to one survey, nine percent of heavy drinkers and ten percent of drug users had missed work because of a hangover in the previous year, six percent had gone to work high or drunk in the previous year, and eleven percent of heavy drinkers and eighteen percent of drug users had missed work in the previous month.
Among heavy drinkers and drug users, nine percent had missed work due to a hangover in the previous year, while six percent had gone to work high or drunk in the previous year, and 11 percent of heavy drinkers and 18 percent of drug users had missed work in the previous month, according to one survey.
- Workplace culture and acceptance of substance abuse
- Workplace alienation
- Availability of alcoholic beverages and illicit narcotics
- Existence and enforcement of workplace substance abuse rules
The culture of the workplace can have a significant impact on whether or not drinking and drug use are acceptable and promoted, as opposed to discouraged and hindered. A portion of this culture may be influenced by the gender balance of the workforce. Studies suggest that employees in largely female jobs are less likely to suffer drug misuse issues than employees in mostly male occupations. This is in contrast to employees of both sexes in predominantly male occupations. According to studies, male-dominated jobs foster heavy drinking cultures in which employees use alcohol in order to foster camaraderie and demonstrate compliance.
Workplace alcoholism may impact any business or organization, but research has found that it is most widespread in the following industries: food service, construction, mining and drilling, excavation, installation, maintenance, and repair, and transportation.
According to research, the nature of the profession itself might lead to greater rates of drug misuse among employees. Employees who work in a monotonous, unpleasant, or alienating environment are more likely to drink alcohol. A lack of workplace autonomy, a lack of job complexity, a lack of control over work conditions and products, boredom, sexual harassment, verbal and physical aggressiveness and disrespectful conduct have all been connected to employee substance addiction.
Employee drinking might be influenced by the availability and accessibility of alcoholic beverages. In a study of 984 employees at a big manufacturing facility, more than two-thirds indicated it was “easy” or “very simple” to bring alcohol into the workplace, to drink at workstations, and to drink during breaks. Use of alcoholic beverages on the job and in general is dramatically reduced in societies where alcohol consumption is outlawed.
Drinking habits among employees might be influenced by the availability and accessibility of alcoholic beverages. In a study of 984 employees at a big manufacturing facility, more than two-thirds indicated it was “easy” or “very simple” to bring alcohol into the workplace, to drink at their workstations, and to drink during breaks. Drinking on the job and drinking in general is dramatically reduced in societies where alcohol use is restricted.
Casual Drinkers Are a Problem, Too
Employee alcohol use might be influenced by the availability and accessibility of alcoholic beverages. More than two-thirds of the 984 workers polled at a big manufacturing company claimed it was “easy” or “very simple” to bring alcohol into the workplace, to drink at their workstations, and to drink during breaks. Drinking on the job and drinking in general is dramatically reduced in societies where alcohol is outlawed.
According to the United States Department of Labor, when the issue of workplace drug misuse is handled via the establishment of comprehensive programs, it creates a “win-win” scenario for both employers and employees. Significant gains in job-related performance were discovered in a study evaluating the economic effect of drug addiction treatment in the state of Ohio:
- Absenteeism has decreased by 91 percent, difficulties with supervisors have decreased by 88 percent, errors have decreased by 93 percent, and on-the-job injuries have decreased by 97 percent, according to the study.
Organizations and employers of all sizes may implement a workplace substance abuse policy that can decrease productivity loss while also creating a safer working environment for all employees. Thank you for sharing your thoughts! Thank you for taking the time to join up. There was a clerical error. Please try your search again. Verywell Mind relies on only high-quality sources, such as peer-reviewed research, to substantiate the information contained in its articles. Read about oureditorial process to discover more about how we fact-check our information and ensure that it is accurate, dependable, and trustworthy.
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drug use – Social and ethical issues of drug abuse
There are several social and ethical difficulties that arise from the use and abuse of illegal substances. These concerns are complicated in part because of the contradictory ideals that exist in modern communities when it comes to substance abuse. Multiple elements, such as societal, religious, and personal beliefs, can have an impact on one’s values and beliefs. Although people live in the same society, their values and beliefs might range significantly, resulting in disagreements over a variety of topics surrounding drug misuse.
Advocacy efforts and programs aimed at teaching the public about the hazards of drug usage as well as strategies for overcoming drug-related issues have had a significant impact on this heightened public consciousness about drugs and their repercussions.
Another major source of worry is the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sports, which can convey contradictory messages to young people who look up to professional sportsmen as role models.
Britannica Unveiled: A Guide to Understanding It Is it possible to fail a drug test after consuming poppy seeds? Will you be sorry you indulged in that poppy-seed muffin?
Conflicting values in drug use
With regard to the voluntary nonmedical use of psychotropic medications, modern industrialized cultures are obviously not neutral. People are simply judged not to be “right,” “good,” or “proper” when they seek pleasure or salvation through worldly means, whether one simply accepts the position of American psychologistErich Fromm that people are brought up to desire and value the kinds of behavior required by their economic and social system, or whether one goes further and speaks of the Protestant ethic in the sense that German sociologistMax Weber used it to delineate the industrialist’s quest for salvation through worldly means alone, Everyone agrees that the only real earthly rewards are those that have been “won” via effort, hard labor, personal sacrifice, and a strong feeling of loyalty to one’s nation, the current social order, and one’s immediate family.
- Generally speaking, this viewpoint is thought to be somewhat compatible with the objectives of industrialisation.
- Drug issues in certain areas are a manifestation of cultural lag, with the resulting conflict of values reflecting a lack of consistency between traditional teachings and the perspective of the world that is currently being observed by vast numbers of people in a particular culture.
- Despite cultural shifts, the prevailing social order has strong negative views towards any non-sanctioned use of drugs that is in conflict with its current value system, regardless of the context.
- Is it appropriate to spend one’s time dwelling on and glorifying one’s inner experience at the detriment of one’s important routine everyday pursuits?
- Is it permissible to take medications even if one is not sick?
- Is it permissible for society to penalize someone who has done no harm to himself or herself or to others, but has done no harm to others?
- It’s not hard to imagine what the replies would be to the question of non-sanctioned drug usage.
- The question is, how can one account for the vast amounts of pharmaceuticals that are now being made and used by the general public?
- Even if one disagrees with the widespread illegal use of hallucinogenic chemicals, one could feel safe doing so.
Partisans may question whether the cosmetic use of stimulants for weight control is any more legitimate than the use of stimulants to “get with it,” whether the conflict-ridden adult is any more entitled to relax chemically (alcohol, tranquilizers, sleeping aids, sedatives) than the conflict-ridden adolescent, and whether physical pain is any less bearable than mental pain or anguish, among other things.
Every year, billions of tablets and capsules of a non-narcotic nature are produced and eaten worldwide.
In addition, there are many other sleeping aids that may be purchased over-the-counter without the need for a prescription.
There are several conclusions that can be drawn: there is a widespread drug culture; the problem is not limited to the underprivileged, the poor, the disadvantaged, or even the criminal; existing attitudes are at the very least inconsistent, if not hypocritical; and there is a widespread drug culture.
It must be acknowledged that the societal consensus on drug use and misuse is limited, conflicted, and sometimes blatantly contradictory, particularly in the United States.
The problem is not one of insufficient information, but rather one of several aims that, at the time, appear to be incompatible with one another.
Youth and drugs
In the fact that adults frequently use drugs to cope with stress and other life problems, it appears that young people take enormous pleasure in this fact. It is undeniable that many nations in the world today are drug-oriented society, but the consequences of drug use for adults are not always the same as they are for adolescents. The adult has already developed a sense of self and a feeling of purpose in his or her life. He or she has dealt with the issues of love and sex, possesses some level of economic and social ability, and has been integrated or at the very least assimilate into the dominating social order.
- With drug use, the teenager, on the other hand, is more likely to become ethnocentric and egotistical.
- When it comes to many teens, drug use implies a disregard for their duties at a time when they need to be exposed to more significant developmental experiences.
- Since then, however, an increasing number of troubled children have been drawn to the drug trade, resulting in an increase in unpleasant and potentially hazardous conduct.
- In psychoanalytic words, these individuals are simply less developed persons, with less structure, less ego, and less integration, and are therefore less likely to be able to cope with the effects of the medicines.
Even if the presence of drug users among adults has enormous consequences for the social order’s expectations, roles, values, and incentives, society as a whole does not accept drug use as an escape from responsibility, and this is a truth of essential importance when it comes to young people.
William Glenn Steiner was a scientist who lived in the United States.