Which Sociologist Studied How Cultural Capital Helps An Individual Navigate Their Culture

Quiz 6 sociology online – PSY 241 – Social Psychology

6th sociology quiz on the internet Transferring one’s ancestors’ legacy, assets, and riches is defined as The majority of the time, it is based on lineage, which is determined by one’s culture and family. When Maria and John got married, they moved into John’s house, which was just next door to his parents’ house. Everything from cake decorating to frosting cakes was under the supervision of Maria’s mother-in-law, who was always over. Maria is a resident of a:Patrilocal home. The most stressful period of a marriage, according to social scientists, occurs during which stage of the family life cycle?

Sanchita worships three gods who are distinct from one another.

Polytheism A number of individuals feel that religion is vital because it brings purpose to people’s lives and answers to challenging issues.

A structural functionalist is someone who believes in the structure of things.

  1. What are they?
  2. Noble Truths are those that are beyond dispute.
  3. Religion had a significant impact on the economy and the working habits of the population.
  4. Religion was only a means of keeping the Proletariat in their poor social position.
  5. Which theoretical method will be the most beneficial to you in interpreting the facts you gather?
  6. Pierre Bourdieu was a French philosopher who lived in the early twentieth century.
  7. Ahmed struggles academically in math and science while he is in 5th grade.

Tracking is the term used to describe this procedure.

Sorting may be described as the process of categorizing pupils according to their academic merit or potential.

Along the way, she is branded as “troubled,” and she is told she will never amount to anything in life.

Which sociological perspective would be the most interested in learning more about Kara’s life and circumstances?

Malik grew up in a well-to-do family that enjoyed hobbies like as going to the opera, visiting museums, and traveling to other places at least once a year, among others.

Malik is reaping the benefits of: cultural capital, for example.

A tangible thing that we discover, cultivate, or create in order to suit our own and others’ needs.

An example of outsourcing is as follows: By 2009, the United States had experienced multiple consecutive quarters of economic contraction.

Apple Computers transport its computer parts to India for manufacturing, and they also have a tech support center in the country.

Identify which of the following claims regarding Occupy Wall Street is the most consistent with Jin’s sociological point of view.

Which of the following is the most accurate definition of the word globalization?

Which of the following industries is not expected to increase in the United States during the next ten years, according to projections?

Agriculture, fishing, and forestry are three of the most important occupations in the world. At what point in history did economies begin to grow on a global scale? The Agricultural Revolution (also known as the Green Revolution) was a period of rapid growth in agriculture.

Introduction to Sociology 2e, Education, Theoretical Perspectives on Education

In contrast to conflict theorists, they do not believe that public schools help to eliminate social inequality. rather of addressing social disparities arising from variations in class, gender, race, and ethnicity, they think that the educational system supports and perpetuates social inequities. Educational opportunities are seen favorably by functionalists, however educational opportunities are viewed more unfavorably by conflict theorists. According to them, educational systems serve to maintain the status quo and to compel those of lesser social standing to submit.

  1. The image is courtesy of Thomas Ricker/Flickr.
  2. Students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are often denied the same chances as students from better socioeconomic backgrounds, regardless of how exceptional their academic skills or willingness to study may be.
  3. On a Monday, he receives an assignment for a paper that is due on Friday.
  4. After school on Tuesdays and Wednesdays, he goes to work stacking shelves until 10:00 p.m.
  5. His mother, though she would like to assist him, is exhausted herself and is unable to provide him with the encouragement or support he requires.
  6. Moreover, as most of his peers do not have access to a computer and printer at home, they must rely on public libraries or the school system for technological access.
  7. Education systems that follow a conventional curriculum that is more readily comprehended and finished by students from higher socioeconomic strata face a severe challenge in matching this up with their students.
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Cultural capital, or the cultural information that acts (metaphorically) as money to assist us traverse a society, was the subject of his investigation into how the experiences and possibilities accessible to French students from various socioeconomic groups differed.

As a result, the educational system continues to perpetuate a cycle in which the values of the dominant culture are rewarded.

For example, there has been a great deal of debate about what exactly standardized examinations such as the SAT are intended to determine.

The cycle of rewarding those who have cultural capital can be found in both formal and informal educational curricula.

This covert curriculum strengthens the positions of those who have more cultural capital and works to distribute social rank unequally among the population.

Conflict theorists believe that tracking leads to self-fulfilling prophecies in which students live up (or down) to teacher and societal expectations.

According to conflict theorists, schools have the responsibility of educating working-class children to accept and maintain their status as inferior members of society.

They also suggest that this role is fulfilled by testing (Lauen and Tyson 2008).

For example, a test question may ask students which instruments are appropriate for use in an orchestral setting.

Despite the fact that professionals in testing assert that bias has been eradicated from exams, conflict theorists contend that this is difficult to do.

According to conflict theorists, these examinations are just another example of how education does not bring chances, but rather helps to sustain the status quo of power in a given society.

socil Flashcards

Family is a tough concept to grasp and categorize. The following points should be kept in mind when studying sociology:Sociologists attempt to maintain the definition open in order to embrace all sorts of individuals who are emotionally connected to one another. One’s legacy, belongings, and money are often passed down through one’s lineage, which is determined by one’s culture and familial traditions. What is it about the study of families that sociologists believe is so crucial when attempting to understand the mores and norms of a culture?

When Maria and John got married, they moved into John’s house, which was just next door to his parents’ house.

Maria is a resident of a: Watching television episodes may be a useful tool for understanding and studying families because:They teach us how a family on screen can represent the values of the era in which they were broadcast;They teach us how a family on screen can reflect the values of the era in which they were broadcast The United States Census Bureau maintains track of a variety of statistics that are relevant to families.

  1. For example, three million children did not reside with their parents in 2010, according to the Census Bureau.
  2. Partners who live together before being married have a somewhat greater divorce rate after getting married than those who do not cohabitate until after getting married.
  3. Many young individuals prioritize education and job advancement over marriage when it comes to their life goals.
  4. She surveyed a big number of people and gathered a large quantity of data, which she then organized into quantifiable and consistent groupings in order to make the information more understandable to her audience in her presentation.
  5. What would you predict to happen to this family based on what you know about George Murdock’s idea, if you knew everything?
  6. Marriage and families are intriguing to a conflict theorist because: Within the family, there are social standings and power battles; and within the family, there are power struggles and social standings.
  7. What would a symbolic interactionist who specializes in family dynamics think of this situation?

According to academics, what reasons contributed to the high divorce rate that existed throughout the 1960s remains unknown.

Corporal Punishment is another term for this practice.

The majority of allegations of child abuse come from persons who are not related to the kid and have regular contact with him or her.

What conclusions may be drawn from the National Marriage Project conducted by the University of Virginia, if you take their findings into consideration?

If the educational system differs from nation to country, which of the following does not account for the differences?

Jackson is the son of a poor farmer who lives in the countryside of Chile.

What is it about Jackson’s country’s educational system that is lacking?

Mills v.

Board of Education of the District of Columbia) Which of the following does not qualify as a latent function of educational attainment?

Malik grew up in a well-to-do family that enjoyed hobbies like as going to the opera, visiting museums, and traveling to other places at least once a year, among others.

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Malik is reaping the advantages of the following: As an example, the notion of concealed curriculum may be defined as follows: Nonacademic knowledge is information gained via informal learning and cultural transmission rather than formal education.

Which of the following sociological perspectives argues that the educational system reinforces and perpetuates social inequalities arising from differences in class, gender, race and ethnicity?

Along the way, she is branded as “troubled,” and she is told she will never amount to anything in life.

Which sociological perspective would be the most interested in learning more about Kara’s life and circumstances?

College instructors are beginning to reduce the benchmark for student grades in order to make students more competitive in the job economy and for graduate school admissions, according to a recent study (i.e.

This is referred to as: Ahmed struggles academically in math and science while he is in 5th grade.

This procedure is referred to as: Medicine is the systematic study of how people deal with concerns of health and sickness, disease and disorders, as well as the provision of health care to those who are ill and those who are well.

Which sociological perspective would be most concerned with the reasons why this was regarded a disease, as well as the consequences of that diagnosis on society?

This is an illustration of : The public labeled a strange sickness that claimed the lives of a number of young, gay men in New York, San Francisco, and Los Angeles in the early 1980s as “gay cancer,” creating a negative image of the condition among physicians and patients alike.

His insurance does not cover therapy for depression, and he must spend 15 percent of his monthly salary to cover the cost of his treatment.

What sociologist was the first to propose the notion of “the Sick Role”?

Legitimation may be demonstrated in which of the following ways? He has bronchitis, according to the doctor. ‘Commodification of health,’ according to Shane, has resulted in a slew of difficulties for people in the United States. I’m not sure where this is coming from in terms of social standpoint.

What is cultural capital?

A French sociologist named Pierre Bourdieu established the concept of cultural capital in the 1970s as a means to explain how power in society was transmitted and social classes were maintained. Karl Marx felt that one’s place in a social order was governed by one’s economic capital (money and possessions). Bourdieu felt that cultural capital played a crucial, albeit subtle, role in the development of society. According to both Marx and Bourdieu, the more capital one possesses, the more powerful one becomes.

In his opinion, families may pass on cultural capital to their children by exposing them to dance and music, taking them to theaters, galleries, and historic places, and conversing with them about literature and art at the dinner table.

Defining cultural capital today

  1. Objective, embodied, and institutionalized cultural capital were recognized by Bourdieu as the three sources of cultural capital.

Cultural items, literature, and works of art are the goal. Language, mannerisms, and tastes are all embodied. Qualifications and educational certifications have been institutionalized.

  1. More recent research on the concept of cultural capital by a diverse group of scholars has expanded this list to include technical, emotional, national, and subcultural elements of cultural capital.

Technical: marketable talents, such as, for example, ITEmotional: pity, compassion, sympathy (things businesses might look for in employees in management positions) This concept operates under the idea that traditions exist in both high and popular culture that produce and legitimize a sense of belonging as well as the occupation of a dominant national position. The fact that it is not uncommon means that it has a restricted trade value. The absence of it serves as a hindrance rather than a means of achieving profit and preferment in the real world.

Consumption of cultural products and conceptions of ‘high art’ have evolved over time.

When used in this new context, “cultural capital” refers to a person who is informed about a wide range of cultures and who is comfortable debating the worth and qualities of those cultures.

The benefits of cultural capital

There is evidence to show that the cultural capital passed down via families helps children do better academically in the classroom. The information and methods of thinking that are acquired via the acquisition of cultural capital, both abstract and formal, are highly valued by the educational system. Once individuals reach adulthood, cultural capital assists them in developing relationships with other adults who share a similar body of knowledge and experiences, and who, in turn, control access to high-paying professions and prestigious leadership positions, such as those in government, for example.

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These privileges are described by Bennet and colleagues as follows: ‘This is the reproduction circuit linked with schooling and formal education.’ Parents who have accumulated cultural capital are able to instruct their children in the cultural forms that predisposition them to do well in the educational system by virtue of their capacity to manage “abstract” and “formal” categories of learning.

These youngsters are able to convert their cultural capital into credentials, which they may subsequently utilize to advance their own careers in privileged positions.’ Culture capital may be transformed into scholastic and economic success, according to the methods described in the book.

Evidence of the power of cultural capital

Studies conducted by organizations such as the Sutton Trust have looked at the topic of how different forms of schooling and familial backgrounds impose advantages on certain children and disadvantages on others. When it comes to supplementary schooling (including arts topics), affluent parents can purchase it in order to push their children ahead of their peers in tests and to get admission to more renowned institutions and colleges, according to the reportParent Power Projects such as The Class Ceilinghave demonstrated how the degree of cultural capital possessed by candidates makes it simpler for them to be recruited into elite professions such as banking and law.

These conclusions are supported by a number of additional reports, including publications by theSocial Mobility Commission and works such asSocial Mobility and its Enemiesby Lee Elliott Major, among other sources.

The paradox of cultural capital and schools

According to the new Ofsted framework, schools must assess how they develop their students’ cultural capital in order for them to be successful in their future lives: Inspectors will analyze the extent to which schools are preparing students with the knowledge and cultural capital they need to be successful in life as part of their overall assessment of the quality of education. Knowledge and cultural capital are defined in the national curriculum in the following terms: ‘It is the essential knowledge that pupils require to be educated citizens, introducing them to the best that has been thought and said and assisting them in developing an appreciation of human creativity and achievement,’ according to the curriculum.

It is our assumption at the CLA that Ofsted has adopted this additional obligation because they feel that it would level the playing field by ensuring that one’s background plays a less significant role in determining social mobility and educational performance.

To reiterate what has already been said, the Ofsted definition is inextricably tied to educating children “the best that has been thought and spoken.” A exact quote from a Matthew Arnold article published in 1869, this phrase may be found here.

Instead, the CLA believes that we should empower our children to stand on the shoulders of those who have come before them and to create new and exciting forms of culture; things that may well help them fuel solutions to society’s problems, build our creative industries, and assist the UK as a whole in surviving the turmoil that will be brought about by Brexit.

If we continue to define cultural capital in a restrictive manner, we run the risk of creating a paradox: certain children will obtain the keys to advancement, which will in turn aid to sustain the status quo.

This thesis is strongly demonstrated by the fact that the lowest state schools do not have arts programs, whereas private schools make significant investments in the arts.

John Holden, Visiting Professor at the University of Leeds, and Cultural Fellow at King’s College, London The CLA is convinced that this new Ofsted criteria provides schools with a chance to define the cultural capital that their students require and to think more broadly than is currently the case with regard to ‘legitimate culture.’ This will guarantee that their students are self-assured producers, capable of becoming the ‘cultural omnivores’ who can make educated judgments about what culture they consume and engage in, as well as articulating why it is valuable to them.

References Pierre Bourdieu’s distinction was published by Routledge in 1984.

21, no.

243-258, 1992.

According to Peterson and Kern (1996), “Changing highbrow taste: from snob to omnivore” is a term that refers to the transition from snob to omnivore.

(2009)Culture, Class, Distinction, and Other Essays.

Routledge Holden, John (2010), Culture and Class: A Contrarian Perspective. Sarah Thornton is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom (1995) Club Cultures include music, media, and subcultural capital, as well as politics. Leeds Museums & Galleries is the source of this image.

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