- 1 The Power and Glory of Rome Review – Which of the following peoples had the LEAST direct influence
- 2 Question 2
- 3 Question 3
- 4 Question 4
- 5 Question 5
- 6 Question 6
- 7 Question 7
- 8 Question 11
- 9 Question 12
- 10 Question 13
- 11 Question 14
- 12 Question 15
- 13 Question 19
- 14 Question 20
- 15 Question 21
- 16 Humanities Review Questions and Answers Free Essay Example
- 17 The Roman Republic [ushistory.org]
The Power and Glory of Rome Review – Which of the following peoples had the LEAST direct influence
Which of the following groups of individuals had the LEAST direct impact on the development of Roman culture and society? The Hittites were a people that lived in what is now Iraq. The Greeks are a people that have a long history. The Latins are a group of people who live in Latin America. The Etruscans were a people that lived in Italy.
The great landowners of ancient Rome were called by several names, including consulsplebeianspatriciansprinceps and princeps.
The Punic Wars were fought between the Roman Empire and the Etruscan Empire. Athens CarthageAlexandria
Theimperium was the term used to refer to the civic and military power of Rome. res publica equites jus civilis (public law equals civil law)
According to Seneca, which of the following sentences best summarizes his Stoic philosophy? Succumb to one’s desire. quot;Work hard to gain peace of mind. quot; Never give up to fate, no matter what. To follow one’s heart rather than one’s reason is a wise maxim.
Some of Catullus’ poetry were dedicated to a woman named Lesbia, a reference to the poet whose work had an impact on him. VirgilHomerSapphoHorace
Juvenal was the ruler of Rome. Which of the following building materials was invented by the Romans and made large-scale architectural works far more affordable to construct? MarbleGraniteConcreteSteel
An atrium, a barrel vaulted domean apse, and a domean apse are formed by a succession of arches put back to back.
The immediate result of Julius Caesar’s killing was the cessation of civil war in Rome and the creation of the Pax Romana, or Roman peace. a restoration of the Roman Republic’s authority Power struggles between his first lieutenant and his adoptive son are shown in the novel. The fall of the Roman Empire was a watershed moment in history.
A rectangular colonnaded hall known as a megalitha domea basilica or an arcade served as the focal point of a Roman bath’s design.
Astrompe l’oeil, a technique developed by Roman painters, was employed in order to create all of the answers listed above. Realistic details may be added to marble statues. Increasing the brightness of the colors in a painting is an example of this. On a flat surface, you may fool the eye into thinking there is more depth.
Which of the following monuments was built to honor Roman military triumphs? The Pantheon is a religious building in Rome. The Pont du Gard is a bridge over the Gard River in France. Trajan’s Column is a monument in Rome dedicated to Trajan. the deities of the planets Julius Caesar (Augustus Julius Caesar)
The Han Dynasty of China and the Roman Empire All of these responses are correct. extensive historical accounts were written were equivalent in terms of geographic extent, political strength, and social reputation Traded with the use of Asian middlemen
Several types of marble, wood, terracotta, and stone were used to construct the life-sized figurines discovered in the tomb of the first Emperor of the Qin dynasty.
In contrast to imperial Rome, imperial China under the Qin and Han left no traces of its existence.
chronicles of historical events defenses on a grand scale epic poems, love poems, and other types of poetry
Humanities Review Questions and Answers Free Essay Example
“Prehistory” can be defined as the era of time preceding the creation of written records. Stonehenge is a historical site in the English countryside. Which iron-age seafaring tribe developed a non-pictographic alphabet to communicate with one another? Phoenicians It is largely related with the history of Persia that the name Zoroaster is known. A notable aspect of Hammurabi’s Code is that it is extraordinarily thorough and comprehensive in terms of content. Brahman is the name given to the Absolute Spirit in Hinduism.
- According to research into the origins of writing, written signals are said to have originated from marks on clay tokens.
- Choose the statement about the Epic of Gilgamesh that you believe is the most accurate.
- Japan appears to have been the source of the world’s earliest clay containers.
- The art of cave-painting is one of the earliest examples of Paleolithic civilisation.
- The rivers Tigris and Euphrates flow through present-day Iraq and Syria.
- The Great Temple of Karnak was devoted to the sun deity Amon-Ra, and it is the largest temple in the world.
- The Egyptian pyramids used primarily as burial chambers.
Zhou rebels justified their uprising against the Shang dynasty on the basis of the Mandate of Heaven.
monotheism Mesopotamia was the birthplace of the first literary epic.
Plato argues in the Republic that should be in charge of government.
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philosopher-kings Which of the following is NOT a scheme of ancient Greek architectural architecture in the form of an order?
This monument to the Hellenistic period is known as the Apollo Belvedere.
The so-called “Heroic Age” refers to the time period during which the Greek epics were written.
Pythagoras was the thinker who first proposed the notion that reality is based on numerical proportions.
Aristotle’s most important achievements include all of the following.
The civilizations of the Minoans and the Mycenaeans originated in the Aegan Sea.
In religious ceremonies, it is likely that the origins of Greek drama may be traced back to.
Helots were the name given to unfree workers in Sparta.
The heroes of the Trojan War are depicted in the two major Greek epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey, which were written centuries apart.
Sophism A barrel vault is formed by a succession of arches that are set back to back.
Trajan’s Column is a monument in Rome dedicated to Trajan.
In contrast to imperial Rome, imperial China throughout the Qin and Han dynasties did not leave any notable epic poetry.
Roman portraits were often more lifelike than Greek sculptures, and this was especially true in the Renaissance.
What was it about the Art of Love that caused Octavian to banish him?
The Pantheon was a temple dedicated to the deities of the planets.
The terracotta statues recovered in the tomb of the first emperor of the Qin dynasty are life-size replicas of the originals.
For centuries, Roman painters have exploited the illusion of depth, later known as tromp l’oeil, to deceive the viewer’s eye into believing that a flat surface contains depth.
Catullus devoted several of his poems to a woman he called Lesbia, rather than to the poet who had an effect on his work.
Sappho Which of the following groups of individuals had the LEAST direct impact on the development of Roman culture and society?
According to Seneca, which of the following sentences best summarizes his Stoic philosophy?
concrete Roman baths were focused on a rectangular colonnaded hall known asa basilica Patrickians were the great landowners of ancient Rome who ruled over vast tracts of territory.
The Hagia Sophia, the most important architectural structure in Byzantine Constantinople, was the city’s most famous landmark.
Arabic calligraphy is a fundamental component of Islamic arts and crafts.
Which of the following claims is true?
Which of the following four faiths is not typically considered to be one that is founded on divine revelation?
Augustine of Hippo is the Latin Church father who composed The City of God.
Mark The Hebrews say that the history of Canaan began with Abraham’s tale in the Bible.
The Hajj is the term used to refer to the required Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca.
Which historical figure is credited with creating a cultural landmark?
The Edict of Milan established Christianity as a legal religion.
In the Muslim faith, the word Allah is translated as “God.” The holy city of is the birthplace of Mohammed, the site of the Muslim pilgrimage, and the location of the sacred stone known as the Kaaba, all of which are located inside its borders.
When it comes to Christian art before the fifth century, which of the following themes or motifs would have been the least likely to be found?
According to the oldest gospel accounts, Jesus’ death occurred at least forty years before it was written down.
Chinese tradition and culture The epics were the primary literary genre used by the Germanic tribes as their foundational literature.
The Battle of Hastings, a historic event commemorated on the Bayeux Tapestry, is a well-known historical document.
There were numerous and spectacular landmarks of the Carolingian renaissance, including illuminated manuscripts in more readable writing, which were among the most numerous and outstanding.
The palace-school at Aachen was a significant center of study during the reign of Charlemagne.
Japanese samurai were bound by a code of conduct known asbushido, which means “warrior code.” Feudalism existed in Europe throughout the Middle Ages, and it entailed the trade of land for military service.
The medieval surfer was a landless rural laborer who lacked freedom.
Which historical event was depicted on the Bayeux Tapestry?
The principal theme of the chanson de geste washeroic actions is washeroic acts.
They were almost always of humble origin.
The ornamentation of the mass was the starting point for medieval music-drama.
Landscape painting reached its pinnacle during the Tang and Song dynasties.
development of a simplified Chinese encoding scheme The interdict and excommunication were two measures through which the Church maintained its power in the community.
The intermediate world where Christians were punished for repentant crimes that had not been expiated before their deaths, according to medieval Catholic theology, was defined as follows: Purgatory Christendom is a term that refers to the Christian community that existed during the Middle Ages.
It was a voice from heaven, according to Hildegard, that gave her the visions that she documented in the book of Scivas.
Know the Ways of the Lord, commonly known as Scivas, is a book composed by Hildegard of Bingen on the subject of religious knowledge.
In the popular medieval drama everyman, an example of amortality play may be found. The central character of the medieval drama Every individual learns that his or her sole chance for salvation is via good deeds and the favor of God.
The Roman Republic [ushistory.org]
Romans founded a type of governance called the republic, which was replicated by other countries for hundreds of years. In truth, the governance of the United States is founded in part on the model of the Roman Republic. There was a distinct hierarchy of political power in the Roman Senate that differentiated the affluent patricians from the working-class plebeians. It all started when the Romans defeated their Etruscan invaders in 509 B.C.E., and the rest is history. The Etruscans, who were centered north of Rome, had reigned over the Romans for hundreds of years and were feared by the Romans.
Unlike a democracy, where every citizen is expected to participate actively in the governance of the state, a republic does not expect every person to participate actively in the governance of the state.
During the Roman Republic, the notion of the citizen developed, and it altered substantially during the later Roman Empire. Following their liberation from the Etruscans, the Romans founded a republic, and any males above the age of 15 who were descended from the ancient tribes of Rome were granted citizenship in the new republic. When Rome’s citizens dressed in a toga, they separated themselves from slaves and other non-citizens; the majority of them wore white togas. In order to designate himself as theprinceps, or “first citizen,” each emperor wore a purple toga during the reign of the Roman Empire.
- The complete citizen had the right to vote, marry other freeborn people, and engage in business.
- A third class of citizen had the right to vote and engage in business, but was barred from holding public office or marrying freeborn women.
- Non-Roman allies of the Republic were granted citizenship about 90 BCE, and by 212 C.E., by the Edict of Caracalla, all free people of the Roman Empire were granted the opportunity to become citizens.
- Hell’s Door is the title of this artwork, which was discovered in Tarquinia’s Tomb of Augurs.
- The aristocrats were referred to as patricians in ancient Roman society.
- These consuls were chosen by a senate made up of patricians, as previously stated.
- In the Roman Republic, both men and women were considered citizens, but only males were allowed to vote.
- After some time, the plebeians began to elect their own representatives, known as tribunes, who were given the authority to veto legislation enacted by the Senate.
Progressively gaining more influence, the plebeians were able to ascend to the office of consul at some point in time. But even in the face of these shifts, the patricians were still able to leverage their riches to exert control and influence over elected officials.
Hannibal marched his elephants south into the Italian peninsula during the Second Punic War.
The Senate of the Roman Republic In some ways, the history of the Roman Senate predates that of the city-state of Rome itself. It was originally established as a 100-member advisory committee to the Roman emperors. Later kings increased the group’s size to 300 people. When the monarchs were ousted from Rome and the Republic was established, the Senate ascended to the position as the most powerful governing body in the country. As an alternative to advising the head of state, it elects the chief executives, who are known as consuls.
- They honed their rhetorical and oratory talents in order to persuade other members of the ruling body to change their minds.
- Julius Caesar would eventually construct a bigger curia to accommodate an expanding Senate.
- Sulla, a Roman dictator who rose to power in 82 BCE, finally challenged senatorial control of the government.
- Julius Caesar increased the number of soldiers to 900.
- Following the establishment of the Roman Empire in 27 B.C.E., the Senate suffered under the rule of powerful emperors, who frequently bullied this ruling body into submission.
- It was occasionally necessary for one person to take decisive action in an emergency scenario (such as a war), and this was the case.
- The role of dictator was fundamentally undemocratic in its character.
- Cincinnatus, a Roman citizen, was considered to be the greatest example of a perfect dictator.
- As soon as Cincinatus stood down from his dictatorship and went to his farm, barely 15 days after he had effectively beaten Rome’s foes, the republican leaders seized control of the city and restored order.
The Twelve Tables
One of the most significant inventions of the Roman Republic was the concept of equality before the law (equality under the law). In 449 BCE, the officials of Rome’s government etched some of the city’s most significant laws into 12 huge tablets.
The Twelve Tables of the Law, as they were eventually called, were the first Roman rules to be written down. Despite the fact that the rules were harsh by today’s standards, they did ensure that every person received the same treatment under the law.
Laws from the Twelve Tables
Females will continue to be under guardianship even after they have reached the age of majority (except Vestal Virgins). The administration of one’s own property is forbidden to a spendthrift. It is permissible to collect fruit that has fallen on another person’s property. If any individual has sung or created a song against another person that was slanderous or insulting to that person, he or she will be clubbed to death. Kill a horribly malformed infant as soon as possible. When it came to the rule of law and citizenship, the Romans had a distinct attitude to the territories that they conquered, which is still evident today.
This group of people thus became a part of Rome, rather than being considered adversaries fighting against the Roman Empire.
The Punic Wars
It was common for the early Roman Republic to find itself in a state of perpetual battle with its surrounding neighbors throughout its early years. When the Romans were fighting the Carthaginians, Rome came dangerously close to being captured on one occasion. They were a prosperous trade civilisation whose interests began to collide with those of the Romans after Carthage (a city in what is now Tunisia in north Africa) was conquered by Rome. In the Punic Conflicts (264-146 B.C.E. ), the two sides fought three violent wars over control of trade in the western Mediterranean Sea, which were known as the Punic Wars.
He dealt a crushing defeat to the Roman army, but he was unable to seize control of the city of Rome itself.
How did the word “Punic” come to imply “pertaining to the people of Carthage” and then become an adjective? Punic is derived from the Latin word Poenicus, which literally translates as “a resident of Carthage.” Because the Phoenicians were responsible for the founding of Carthage, the Latin name “Poenicus” means “Phoenician.” By the time of the Third Punic War, Rome was prepared to put an end to the Carthaginian menace once and for all. Following a victorious siege of Carthage that lasted several years, the Romans demolished the city to the ground.
Carthage had finally been vanquished, and the Roman Republic was no longer in danger of being destroyed.