SPC1017 Final Exam Flashcards
He is talented at writing and comprehending literature, while she is gifted at mathematics and statistics; together, they create an excellent team. The following is an illustration of the notion of friendship: a. complementary b. proximity c. responsiveness d. symmetry a. complementary b. proximity c. responsiveness Three interpersonal needs that are met by engagement with others are, according to William Shultz, the following: a. physical well-being; safety and security; b. inclusion; affection; and control; c.
inclusion; self-actualization; and socializing b.
the following: a.
- affection c.
- information A complimentary relationship is one in which two individuals complement one other’s strengths and weaknesses in order to mutually strengthen them.
- if it is true or untrue The hidden section in the Johari window contains information that you are aware of but that others are not aware of.
- if it is true or untrue The majority of the time, interpersonal connections are favorable circumstances.
- whether to strue or false As we grow more intimate with another individual, we are more prone to divulge unfavorable facts about ourselves to them.
- cultures that operate in M-time c.
cultures that operate under implicit rulesa.
profiling_ is when you develop an unfavorable attitude about a group of individuals only on the basis of their appearance or background.
A collectivist culture does not have any of the characteristics listed below.
They also value family commitment more than they do other types of collaboration.
Individualistic versus collectivist versus P-time versus M-time A co-culture is a group that lives inside a larger, dominant culture but that varies from the prevailing culture in some important way.
if it is true or untrue a person who holds the belief that their culture is superior to all other groups or civilizations, and who does so through the practice of ethnocentrism if it is true or untrue A person may only be a member of one co-culture at a time.
If someone like to have a lot of rules for their conduct and is hostile to outsiders, he or she is most likely from a culture that rejects ambiguity.
if it is true or untrue The United States is a prime example of a collectivist cultural tradition. if it is true or untrue M-time Time is viewed differently in different cultures. Time is seen as contextually based and relationally focused in certain cultures. if it is true or untrue
Introduction to Communication Grades Exam #3 – Subjecto.com
|Unique combinations of rituals, religion, thoughtpatterns, and behaviors are known as||culture.|
|When you organize your experiences by type, whichtype of resume are you using?||functional|
|Which statement below is not an example ofethnocentrism?||American workers get higher pay for less work thanmost people in the world.|
|_ is where you assume that all membersgroup are alike.||Stereotyping|
|Your cover letter should have which four mainsections?||attention, interest, desire, action|
|The ways in which groups of people both maintainstructure and order through their symbolic interactions refers to||organizational communication.|
|The army is what type of organization?||political|
|Acme company has a mission statement that is opento interpretation. Many stakeholders identify with it. Their missionstatement is||ambiguous.|
|Because of technology (e.g., cell phones and theInternet), the world has become||a global village.|
|EEO legislation states that interview questionsmust be related to||bona fide occupational qualifications.|
|What is code sensitivity?||using words and nonverbal communication that areeasy for the interpreter to understand|
|Which of the following is not true of acollectivist culture?||high levels of divorce|
|Informal communication consists of all of thefollowing except||downward communication.|
|A conflict management style that involvesnegotiation is also known as||compromise|
|If someone in a marginalized group tries to fit inwith the dominant group, he or she is striving for what goal of co-culturalcommunication.||assimilation|
|All of these are examples of implicit-rule culturesexcept||Western Europe|
|In which type of culture would it be more likelyfor extended family members to live with nuclear family members?||collectivistic|
|Which of the following is the best example of anexplicit-rule culture?||United States|
|Which of the following is not a generalinterviewing strategy?||Be prepared to discuss salary at your interview.|
|During an interview for a waitress job, Mr.Mitchell (the interviewer) asks Kelly (the interviewee) if she is married orhas any children. This is a violation of||bona fide occupational qualifications.|
|Angela tells Richard that he will not receive araise unless he agrees to give her a massage. This is what type of sexualharassment?||quid pro quo|
|Which of the following is not a strategy forimproving intercultural communication?||Adopt an ethnocentric perspective.|
|According to the textbook, conditions in theworkplace that are sexually offensive or intimidating are known as||hostile.|
|Which of the following countries would most likelyuse M-time?||Germany|
|Formal communication consists of all the followingexcept||the grapevine.|
School Culture Definition
While school culture refers to the beliefs, perceptions, interpersonal relationships, attitudes and written and unwritten rules that shape and influence every aspect of how a school functions, the term also encompasses more concrete issues such as the physical and emotional safety of students, the orderliness of classrooms and public spaces, and the degree to which a school embraces and celebrates racial, ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversity.
- A school’s culture, like the wider social culture, is the consequence of both conscious and unconscious ideas, values, relationships, and practices, and it is significantly influenced by the institution’s unique institutional history, as is the case with any culture.
- Students, parents, teachers, administrators, and other members of the school’s staff are all involved in shaping the culture of their school.
- A large number of academics, educators, and authors have sought to describe the key characteristics of both good and negative school cultures, and an abundance of papers, articles, and books on the subject are now accessible to read and learn from.
- Overall, healthy school cultures promote professional satisfaction, morale, and effectiveness while also promoting student learning, fulfillment, and overall well-being in a wide range of contexts.
- They are as follows:
- There is recognition and celebration for the individual achievements of instructors and students Communication and interaction are characterized by the following characteristics: transparency, trust, respect, and appreciation. Collegial, collaborative, and fruitful working relationships exist among staff members, and all employees of the organization are held to the highest professional standards. It is important for students and staff members to feel comfortable emotionally and physically, and the school’s rules and facilities help to ensure this. Positive, healthy habits are modeled by school leaders, teachers, and other staff members for children. Mistakes are not treated as failures, but rather as chances for both students and educators to learn and grow as a result of their mistakes. A high level of academic expectation is continuously placed on pupils, and the vast majority of students achieve or surpass those goals. Important leadership choices are made jointly, with participation from staff members, students, and parents, among other stakeholders. When criticism is expressed, it should be constructive and well-intentioned, rather than aggressive or self-serving. Those from all backgrounds, including minorities and students with disabilities, have equitable access to educational resources and learning opportunities. All students have access to the academic help and resources that they may require in order to be successful.
School culture has emerged as a major notion in many initiatives to enhance educational outcomes by changing how schools function and by changing how students learn. However, while a school’s culture is highly affected by the institution’s past, culture also generates social patterns, habits, and dynamics that influence future actions, which may constitute an impediment to reform and development efforts. Consider the following scenario: If an institution’s faculty culture is generally dysfunctional — that is, if interpersonal tensions and distrust exist frequently, problems are rarely addressed or resolved, and staff members tend to argue more than they collaborate or engage in productive professional discussions — it is likely that these cultural factors will significantly complicate or hinder any attempt to change how the institution operates.
This straightforward illustration demonstrates why school culture has been the subject of so many research studies and reform efforts: without a school culture that is receptive to change, reform becomes exponentially more difficult.
A few illustrative examples of common ways in which schools may seek to enhance their culture are provided below, including:
- The establishment of professional learning communities that allow instructors to interact, exchange expertise, and collaborate more collegially and productively with one another
- Bullying prevention efforts include delivering lectures, seminars, and learning experiences that educate staff and students about bulling and help them recognize and avoid being bullied. Organizing events and educational experiences that recognize and celebrate the racial, ethnic, and linguistic diversity of the student body, such as hosting cultural events and festivals, displaying culturally relevant materials throughout the school, inviting local cultural leaders to speak to students, or making explicit connections between the diverse cultural backgrounds of students and what is being taught in history, social studies, and literature courses are all examples of ways to do this effectively. View the conversation on intercultural education and voice for more information. A program to link groups of students with an adult advisor to develop adult-student interactions and guarantee that pupils are well known and supported by at least one adult in the school is being implemented. conducting surveys of students, parents, and teachers on their school experiences, and arranging community forums in which people are invited to express their thoughts on and make recommendations for the school and its activities
- Putting together a leadership team an organization that manages and leads a school reform program
- A group of school administrators, teachers, students, parents, and community people
Due to the fact that the majority of members of a school community will benefit from a more positive culture, and because cultural factors tend to contribute significantly to emotional states such as happiness and unhappiness, fulfillment and dissatisfaction, the concept of a more positive school culture is rarely controversial in and of itself. Consequently, disputes tend to erupt in response to individual reform ideas rather than in response to the overall purpose of changing school culture (if they erupt at all).
It has been commonplace in recent years to point to problems with school culture as justifications for closing schools or firing a major part of the teaching staff.
It is critical to examine and acquire a knowledge of the underlying causes of any arguments, including any prior cultural factors that may be contributing to the debates, because every school culture is different.
An Explication on the Use of ‘Explicit’ and ‘Implicit’
In a nutshell, explicit defines anything that is completely plain and free of uncertainty or ambiguity. Implicitoften serves as the polar opposite of explicit, referring to anything that is comprehended but not explicitly or directly defined, and is frequently expressed by implication or assumption. Things that are ex plicit are ex plained, while things that are im plicit are im plied, to make it easier to recall. Both terms derive from the same Latin origin, ‘plicare,’ which literally means “to fold.” Explanatory examples: Explicit and implicit are separate adjectives with explicitly different meanings that are sometimes mistaken with one another, as evidenced in the following examples: Truitt was released from the hospital on March 19 without having received the results of her tests.
- The Valley Times-News (Lanett, Alabama), March 31, 2020.
- None of them had.
- First and foremost, it is an explicit assumption, and second, the reason I was even bothering to inquire around was to have a more rounded view on the situation.
- New money presented an opportunity—or an imperative—for entrepreneurs like Neumann to double down on unproven and money-losing company ideas on the premise that they would suddenly turn profitable after all competitors had been forced to give up by their own losses, which they did.
“The express premise is that as long as you have enough growth, it doesn’t matter how much you lose,” McNamee explains. It’s evident that’s how both WeWork and Uber have operated in recent years. —The Los Angeles Times, published on September 25, 2019
An explicitdescribes anything that is completely plain and free of ambiguity or vagueness. When something is known but not explicitly or directly explained, the term implicit is used to refer to it. Implicit is frequently used in conjunction with inference or assumption. Those that are ex plicit are ex plained, and things that are im plicit are im plied in order to make it easier to recall. Pplicare and fold are both derived from the same Latin word that means “to fold.” Explanatory examples: Explicit and implicit are separate adjectives with explicitly different meanings that are commonly misunderstood with one another, as demonstrated in the following examples: Truitt was released from the hospital on March 19 without having received the results of her tests at that time.
— The Valley Times-News (Lanett, Alabama), March 31, 2020.
The majority of their initial replies were along the lines of, “You’re seeing a vegan propaganda video and adopting the information presented as gospel without doing any more research?” “No,” was my answer.
6th of December, 2017: Upbeat (Lamar University) In the eyes of entrepreneurs like Neumann, the additional money represented an opportunity—or an imperative—to invest even more money in unproven and money-losing business models on the idea that they would suddenly become lucrative once all rivals had been forced to abandon ship by their own losses.
WeWork and Uber were definitely operated in a similar manner, according to the CEO.
It is understood when something is implied rather than directly expressed or transmitted; for example, there is an inference, an assumption, or a query; and it is understood when something is implied rather than explicitly expressed or conveyed. It is frequently used in conjunction with a preposition, most commonly in and less frequently from, with, or inside. However, while the restaurant cookbook genre is vast and diverse, the underlying denominator that underpins the bulk of its titles is the implicit promise that you, too, may replicate a chef’s work in the constraints of your own personal kitchen.
However, there are a few significant outliers, distinctive meals that may truly be created by home chefs who have a basic understanding of cooking methods as well as access to both sufficient time and common pantry materials.
In The New York Times, on August 3, 2020, Padma Lakshmi is reported as saying The demand for compassion is accompanied by an understanding of the necessity of collaboration—the recognition that the challenges we confront are too large to be tackled on our own.
Other Meanings of ‘Explicit’ and ‘Implicit’
The terms explicit and implicit have unique meanings that are not related to their antonymy. Written work, music, photography, and cinema that convey or show offensive or vulgar nudity, violence, or sexuality are referred to be explicit. It may also refer to an act or conduct that is queasilygraphicor leaves little to the imagination or inference are also referred to as explicit (e.g., “scenes of explicit violence and drug use”). Another definition of implicit is “not influenced by doubt,” which is a meaning shared by terms such as total and complete, as in “implicit confidence,” and, in a sense, by the word explicit (which connotes clarity and openness).
“Every one of my colleagues has an inherent trust in one another as we navigate a season amid this epidemic, and I betrayed that trust by breaking it.
I owe them a higher level of service.
The implicit source of misunderstanding between explicit and implicit is their similar Latin root,plicare, which means “to fold,” which gives them the sameanglicized ending “-plicit,” which causes them to be confused with each other.
True, the terms have the same root and syllable count, and they are used in comparable settings, but they are clearly distinct in their spelling and significance.