- 1 To explain the human universality and variability of emotions Ekman and his
- 2 Google Ads policies – Advertising Policies Help
- 3 Welcome to the Google Advertising Policies Center
- 4 Prohibited content
- 5 Prohibited practices
- 6 Restricted content and features
- 6.1 Default Ads Treatment
- 6.2 Sexual content
- 6.3 Alcohol
- 6.4 Copyrights
- 6.5 Gambling and games
- 6.6 Healthcare and medicines
- 6.7 Political content
- 6.8 Financial services
- 6.9 Trademarks
- 6.10 Legal requirements
- 6.11 Other restricted businesses
- 6.12 Restricted ad formats and features
- 6.13 Requirements for made for kids content
- 7 Editorialtechnical requirements
- 8 About our policies
- 9 Tell us what you think
- 10 The Twitter rules: safety, privacy, authenticity, and more
- 11 Cultural values, emotional intelligence, and conflict handling styles: A global study
- 12 Abstract
- 13 Keywords
To explain the human universality and variability of emotions Ekman and his
Cultural Framings in Disaster Risk Reduction, edited by G. Bankoff (Routledge Studies in Hazards, Disaster Risk, and Climate Change), is published by Routledge in 2015. (p. 58). This is the Kindle edition from Taylor and Francis. Flood Disaster Subcultures in the Netherlands: The Parishes of Borgharen and ItterenNatural Hazards 73 (2014)2. – ISSN 0921-030X – p. 859-882 Engel, K.E., Frerks, G., Velotti, L., Warner, J.F., Weijs, B. (2014) Flood Disaster Subcultures in the Netherlands: The Parishe s of Borgharen and ItterenNatural Hazards D.
New York, NY: Routledge.
Cultural Aspects of Human Risk to Environmental Changes and Hazards: An Overview of Perspectives, by F.
- Smith, and L.
- Schipper, 2015.
- Michèle Companion is the editor of this volume.
- Published by CRC Press in Kindle Edition on 9-18.
Google Ads policies – Advertising Policies Help
As a courtesy, Google provides translated versions of our Help Center; but, they are not intended to alter the text of our policies. The English version is the official language in which we conduct our business and enforce our rules and regulations. Use the language option at the bottom of the page to switch between viewing this article in other languages.
Welcome to the Google Advertising Policies Center
A healthy digital advertising ecosystem—one that is trustworthy and open, and that works for all parties involved—is something we want to see flourish in the future. We created this help center to assist you in creating Google Ads campaigns that are compliant with our advertising regulations, which are outlined below. These rules are intended to guarantee that our users have a safe and happy experience while also complying with applicable regulations. This implies that our regulations forbid some types of material that we feel is damaging to users and the wider advertising ecosystem from being displayed.
Our advertising rules are divided into four categories: Policy descriptions, examples, and troubleshooting actions may be found by scrolling down through the policies listed below.
The sale or advertising for the sale of counterfeit products is prohibited on Google Ads. Counterfeit items are marked with a trademark or logo that is either similar to or essentially indistinguishable from the trademark of a legitimate company.
They attempt to pass themselves off as a legitimate product of the brand owner by mimicking the trademark attributes of the product. This policy applies to the content of your advertisement as well as the content of your website or application.
Dangerous products or services
We wish to contribute to the safety of people both online and offline, thus we do not allow the marketing of certain items or services that may cause damage, harm, or injury. Examples of potentially hazardous content include: recreational drugs (chemical or herbal); psychoactive substances; drug-facilitating equipment; firearms, ammunition, explosive materials and pyrotechnics; instructions for creating explosives or other potentially hazardous products; tobacco-related items
Enabling dishonest behavior
Given our high regard for honesty and fairness, we do not permit the marketing of items or services that are intended to encourage or facilitate dishonest activity. Examples of products or services that encourage or facilitate dishonest behavior are as follows: Services that falsely increase ad or website traffic; forgery of papers. Hacking software or instructions. services for academic cheating
Our company values diversity and mutual respect for others, and we endeavor to avoid offending users. As a result, we do not accept advertisements or locations that include startling information or advocate hatred, intolerance, discrimination, or violence. Some examples of inappropriate or offensive content include: racial discrimination, hate group paraphernalia, graphic crime scene or accident images, cruelty to animals, murder, self-harm, extortion or blackmail, the sale or trade of endangered species, ads using profane language, and the sale or trade of endangered species.
The advertising on the Google Network should be useful, varied, relevant, and safe for users, and we strive to achieve this goal. Our ad screening systems are designed to be foolproof, therefore we do not allow advertisers to run advertisements, material, or locations that seek to deceive or circumvent our processes. Examples of ad network abuse include: promoting malware-infected content; “cloaking” or using other techniques to conceal the true destination that users are directed to; “arbitrage” or promoting destinations solely or primarily for the purpose of showing ads; promoting “bridge” or “gateway” destinations that are solely or primarily designed to send users elsewhere; advertising with the sole or primary intent of obtaining public social network endorsements from the user; “gaming” or manipulating the system; and
Data collection and use
Here are some examples of user information that should be treated with extreme caution: a complete name, email address, mailing address, and phone number; a national identification number, pension number, social security number, tax identification number, health insurance number, or driver’s license number; a birth date or mother’s maiden name in addition to any of the information listed above; Financial situation, political affiliation, sexual orientation, color or ethnicity, and religion are all factors to consider.
For example, getting credit card information over a non-secure server, advertisements that pretend to know a user’s sexual orientation or financial position, and breaches of our standards that relate to interest-based advertising and remarketing are all examples of irresponsible data collection usage.
We want users to put their faith in the advertisements that appear on our platform, therefore we work hard to make sure that the advertisements are clear and honest, and that they give the information that users need to make educated decisions. In order to avoid deceiving users, we do not accept advertisements or destinations that exclude relevant product information or provide deceptive information about products, services, or enterprises. Examples of misrepresentation include: omitting or obscuring billing details such as how, what, and when users will be charged; omitting or obscuring charges associated with financial services such as interest rates, fees, and penalties; failing to display tax or licence numbers, contact information, or physical address where relevant; making offers that aren’t actually available; making misleading or unrealistic claims regarding weight loss or financial gain; collecting donations without giving users the information they requested.
Restricted content and features
The policies listed below apply to content that may be considered legally or culturally sensitive at times. Online advertising may be a great tool for reaching clients, but in sensitive regions, we make every effort to avoid displaying these advertisements when and where they can be considered offensive. As a result, we permit the promotion of the content listed below, but only in limited circumstances. This type of offer might not be available to every user in every region, and advertisers could be required to complete additional conditions before their advertisements are allowed to display on the site.
In the Policy Center, you’ll find more information about this topic.
Default Ads Treatment
To ensure that all users have a secure and trustworthy advertising experience, Google has made the following commitment: As a result, we restrict the displaying of some types of ad categories to users who are not logged in or who our algorithms determine to be under the age of 18.
We believe that advertisements should respect user choices while also complying with legal requirements, which is why we do not allow some types of sexual material in advertisements or locations. Ads and destinations that contain certain types of sexual content are permitted as long as they adhere to the policies outlined below and do not target minors. However, these ads and destinations will only appear in specific scenarios based on user search queries, user age, and local laws in the country where the ad is being served.
For example, visible genitalia and female breasts, hook-up dating, sex toys, strip clubs, sexually suggestive live chat, and models in sexualized positions are all examples of limited sexual material.
We adhere to local alcohol regulations and industry standards, which means that we do not allow some types of alcohol-related advertising, including advertising for alcoholic beverages and drinks that are similar to alcoholic beverages. Some forms of alcohol-related advertisements are permitted if they adhere to the standards outlined below, do not target children, and target only nations where alcohol advertisements are specifically permitted.
Examples of banned alcoholic beverages include: beer, wine, sake, spirits or hard alcohol, Champagne, fortified wine, non-alcoholic beer, non-alcoholic wine, and non-alcoholic distilled spirits. Beer, wine, sake, spirits or hard alcohol are also prohibited.
We adhere to local copyright laws and safeguard the rights of copyright holders, which is why we do not allow advertisements that are unlawful to utilize copyrighted information to appear. If you are legally permitted to utilize copyrighted information in your advertising, you should seek for certification. If you come across inappropriate content, file a copyright-related complaint with the appropriate authorities.
Gambling and games
We encourage responsible gambling advertising and adhere to local gaming regulations and industry standards, which is why we do not allow certain types of gambling-related advertising to be displayed on our website. Ads for gambling-related products are permitted if they adhere to the regulations outlined below and the advertiser has obtained the appropriate Google Ads certification. Gambling advertisements must only be shown in recognized countries, must link to a landing page that contains information on responsible gambling, and must never be shown to minors.
Physical casinos, sites where users can bet on poker, bingo, roulette, or sports events, national or private lotteries, sports odds aggregator sites, sites offering bonus codes or promotional offers for gambling sites, online educational materials for casino-based games, sites offering “poker-for-fun” games, and non-casino-based cash game sites are examples of restricted gambling-related content.
Healthcare and medicines
We are committed to adhering to advertising regulations in the healthcare and medical fields, and we expect that advertisements and web destinations will adhere to applicable laws and industry standards. Some healthcare-related content cannot be advertised at all, while others can only be advertised if the advertiser is certified by Google and only targets countries that have been approved by the search engine giant. Check the regulations in the locations you wish to target to make sure they are in compliance.
We encourage responsible political advertising and require all political advertisements and destinations to adhere to all applicable local campaign and election regulations in the locations they are intended to reach. This policy includes election “silent intervals,” which are required by law. Following are some examples of political content: Promotion of political parties or candidates, as well as lobbying for political issues
We want people to be able to make educated financial decisions based on the information they get. In order to help users balance the costs of financial goods and services, our rules are meant to provide them with information and to protect them from unfair or deceptive business practices that may arise. For the purposes of this policy, financial goods and services are defined as those that are connected to the management or investment of money and cryptocurrencies, as well as individualized financial advice and recommendations.
Consult our non-exhaustive list of country-specific criteria for further information. for additional information, but always keep in mind that advertisers are responsible for conducting their own research into local rules in every place that their advertisements target.
There are a variety of elements that influence whether or not trademarks can be used in advertisements. These policies, in addition to the reasons outlined in our Policy Center, are only applicable when a trademark owner has lodged a legitimate complaint to Google, and only under certain circumstances.
Your responsibility for ensuring that you comply with all relevant laws and regulations, in addition to Google’s advertising standards, for all of the areas where your advertisements are displayed continues even after your account has been terminated.
Other restricted businesses
It is our policy to prohibit some types of companies from advertising with us in order to protect our users from being exploited, even if individual firms appear to conform with our other regulations. As a result of our own ongoing evaluations and feedback from users, regulators, and consumer protection authorities, we are occasionally able to identify products or services that are particularly vulnerable to abuse. If we believe that certain types of companies represent an undue danger to the safety or experience of our users, we may restrict or prohibit the display of connected advertisements.
Restricted ad formats and features
There are a variety of criteria that influence whether or not you have access to sophisticated ad formats and capabilities in Google Ads. A number of ad formats are not available to all advertisers unless they have met our special standards or have completed the certification procedure, for example.
Requirements for made for kids content
Advertisers are not permitted to display targeted adverts on content that has been designated as suitable for children. See this page for a list of categories where advertising on made-for-kids entertainment is prohibited.
Due to our desire to produce advertisements that are interesting for users without being irritating or difficult to connect with, we’ve set editorial guidelines to assist you in keeping your advertisements appealing to consumers. Also included are technical requirements to assist users and advertisers in getting the most out of the wide range of ad types we provide.
As part of its commitment to provide a high-quality user experience, Google mandates that all advertisements, extensions, and destinations adhere to strict professional and editorial guidelines. Advertising that is clear, professional in appearance, and that directs readers to relevant, valuable, and simple to engage with material is the only type of advertising we accept. Here are some examples of promotions that do not adhere to these editorial and professional standards:
- The company mandates that all advertisements, extensions, and destinations adhere to strict professional and editorial standards in order to give a high-quality user experience to its users. Advertising that is clear, professional in appearance, and that directs users to relevant, valuable, and simple to engage with material is the only type of advertising that we accept. The following are some examples of promotions that do not adhere to these editorial and professional standards:
Customers should have a positive experience when they click on an advertisement, therefore ad destinations should provide unique value to users while also being practical, helpful, and simple to browse. Examples of promotions that do not match the standards of the destination include:
- Users are sent to “gmail.com” when they click on “google.com,” for example
- Sites or applications that are under construction, parked domains, or are simply not working
- And sites or apps that are not functional at all. web-based applications that are not visible in generally used browsers
- Web-based applications that have disabled the browser’s back button
Advertisers must adhere to our technological specifications in order to assist us in keeping advertising clear and functioning.
Ad format requirements
We only accept ads that conform with particular specifications for each ad type in order to assist you in providing a high-quality user experience and delivering visually appealing, professional-looking advertisements. Examine the specifications for all of the ad formats that you are currently utilizing. Important: Please keep in mind that we do not accept non-family friendly advertisements in picture advertising, video ads, or other non-text ad forms. More information about our policy on adult content may be found here.
Examples of ad format restrictions include: character constraints for the ad headline or body, picture size requirements, file size limits, video duration limits, and aspect ratios, among other considerations.
About our policies
Google Ads enables companies of all sizes and from all over the globe to promote a broad array of products, services, applications, and websites on Google and throughout our network of websites and search results pages. We wish to assist you in reaching your current and future consumers and audiences, both online and offline. However, in order to ensure that users have a secure and good experience, we pay attention to their complaints and concerns regarding the sorts of advertisements they encounter.
Finally, when developing our policies, we take into consideration our company’s principles and culture, as well as operational, technological, and business aspects.
In order to advertise on Google, marketers must abide by all relevant laws and regulations, as well as the Google standards listed above.
When we discover content that does not comply with these rules, we may remove it from the site, and in the case of repeated or egregious breaches, we may terminate your advertising agreement with us.
Tell us what you think
Please rate this page’s usefulness and share your thoughts with us in the comments section below: Was this information useful? What can we do to make it better?
The Twitter rules: safety, privacy, authenticity, and more
Twitter’s primary function is to facilitate public discourse on a wide range of topics. Violence, harassment, and other similar sorts of behavior deter individuals from expressing themselves and, as a result, detract from the importance of global public discourse. Our guidelines are in place to guarantee that everyone has the opportunity to engage in the public debate freely and securely.
Violent Threats: You are not permitted to threaten violence against a person or a group of individuals. We also oppose the glorification of violence in any form. Learn more about our policy against the use of violence, the threat of violence, and the glorification of violence. In order to avoid being accused of terrorism or violent extremism, you must not threaten or promote such activities on your own time.
Child sexual exploitation: On Twitter, we have a zero-tolerance policy on child sexual exploitation. Abuse and harassment: You are not permitted to engage in targeted harassment of another person or to incite others to do so. This includes the act of wishing or hoping that someone suffers a physical injury. Harassing, threatening, or harassing other individuals on the basis of their race, ethnicity, national origin, caste, sexual orientation, gender identity, religious affiliation, age, physical impairment, or serious sickness is prohibited by federal and state law.
Suicide or self-harm: You are not permitted to advocate or encourage suicide or self-harm in any manner.
You may not publish media that is overly gruesome, nor may you share images of graphic violence or adult content in profile or header images.
Illegal or restricted products or services: You are prohibited from using our service for any unlawful purpose or in support of illegal activity.
Private information: You are not permitted to publish or upload other people’s private information (such as their home phone number and address) unless you have obtained their prior written consent and approval. Threatening to reveal private information or encouraging others to do so are also prohibited. Nudity without consent: You are not permitted to upload or share intimate photographs or videos of another person that were taken or disseminated without their consent.
Using Twitter’s services in a way that artificially amplifies or suppresses information is prohibited. You are also prohibited from engaging in any conduct that manipulates or disturbs other people’s experience on Twitter. The integrity of democratic processes: You are prohibited from using Twitter’s services for the intention of influencing or meddling in elections or other democratic processes.
Impersonation: You are not permitted to impersonate persons, groups, or organizations in a manner that is meant to or actually results in the misled, confusion, or deception of other people.
In addition, we may mark Tweets that contain synthetic or modified material in order to assist users realize their authenticity and to give more context for their reading.
Learn more about our trademark policy and copyright policy by visiting our website.
Enforcement and Appeals
Get a better understanding of our approach to enforcement, including the potential ramifications of breaching these rules or attempting to dodge enforcement, as well as how to appeal a decision.
Third-party advertising in video content
If you publish, post, or display any video material on or through our services that contains third-party advertising, such as pre-roll video commercials or sponsorship graphics, without our prior approval, you will be subject to our terms and conditions.
Please keep in mind that we may need to modify these guidelines from time to time in order to achieve our aim of supporting a healthy public debate. The most up-to-date version is always available on the website.
Cultural values, emotional intelligence, and conflict handling styles: A global study
Open access is granted under the terms of the Creative Commons license.
The relationship between cultural values and emotional intelligence has been shown in prior study; however, little is known about the process through which cultural values influence people’s preferences for certain conflict resolution strategies. The current study, which is based on a global dataset that includes 1527 individuals from 10 distinct cultural clusters, tries to connect these two literature streams by investigating the effect of cultural values on conflict managing approaches through emotional intelligence.
These findings support the notion that emotional intelligence influences preferences for conflict handling styles.
It is our hope that the results of this study will aid in the development of a more complete and integrated understanding of past studies on the role of culture and emotional intelligence in conflict resolution.
Styles of dealing with disagreements CultureCultural value dimensionsCultural value dimensions Emotional intelligence is a term coined by the authors in 2016. Elsevier Inc. is the publisher.