- 1 psychology-chapter-14-quiz.doc – PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 14 QUIZ*You are a contestant on Jeopardy and its your Who is Carl Rogers(who is turn You say to
- 2 Working with Latino Patients
- 3 Medical Anthropology: Culture Specific Diseases
- 4 Quarter 3 Exam Flashcards
psychology-chapter-14-quiz.doc – PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 14 QUIZ*You are a contestant on Jeopardy and its your Who is Carl Rogers(who is turn You say to
QUIZ ON CHAPTER 14 OF PSYCHOLOGY*** You’re a contestant on the game show Jeopardy! it is now your turn. You tell Alex, “I’ll take AncientExplanations of Mental Illness for $100 if you’re interested.” It was “His was the first known attempt to explain anomalous conduct as being caused by some biological process,” according to the response. As you say: “Joanna is having tremendous anxiety,” the confidence in your voice exposes itself in your grin. Her psychiatrist believes that her illness is caused by a chemical imbalance.
To aid her in identifying her client’s psychological illness, Dr.
*** Any conduct that makes it difficult for a person to operate within or adjust to the strains and demands of ordinary life is referred to be _**** behavior.
*** According to a biological standpoint, generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by .
Working with Latino Patients
Quiz on Chapter 14 of Psychological Science*** You’ve been selected to compete on Jeopardy!. it’s your moment to speak now Then you tell Alex that you are willing to pay $100 for “Ancient Explanations of Mental Illness.” It was his first recorded attempt to explain anomalous behavior as the result of a biological process, according to the answer. As you say: “Joanna is suffering from extreme anxiety,” the smile on your face reflects the confidence you possess. In her opinion, a chemical imbalance lies at the root of her condition.
**** Currently, Dr Nwoambi is analyzing a new client, who is a psychologist.
Nwoambi would most likely consult with the *** It is regarded _**** to engage in any conduct that makes it difficult for a person to function within or adjust to the strains and demands of ordinary life A behavioral scientist believes that is the cause of aberrant behavior.
*** In terms of biology, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is classified as follows: The basic objective of the DMS is to .
The Hispanic Population
Latinos/as/ or Hispanics in the United States are a rapidly growing population, having grown from a small, regionally concentrated group of fewer than 6 million in 1960 to a now widely dispersed population of well more than 50 million (or 16 percent of the nation’s population) in 2010. Latinos/as/ or Hispanics in the United States are a rapidly growing population, having grown from a small, regionally concentrated group of fewer than 6 million in 1960 to Latinos are a varied group of people. The majority of people in the United States have misunderstandings and assumptions about who Latinos are, as well as about their history and presence in this country, particularly the distinction between Latinos and Hispanics.
- In particular, to persons from Latin America, including the Caribbean, South America, and Central America.
- In truth, much of California and the Southwestern United States was originally a part of the country of Mexico.
- Since 2000, however, the dominant source of Latino population increase has shifted away from immigration and toward indigenous births.
- In terms of race and culture, Latinos are a diverse population.
Quechua a Native South American language family spoken primarily in the Andes, derived from a common ancestral language). The following are the top five Hispanic populations in the United States, ranked by origin:
- Mexicans constitute 64.9 percent of the Hispanic population
- Puerto Ricans constitute 9.2 percent of the Hispanic population
- Cubans constitute 3.7 percent of the Hispanic population
- Salvadorans constitute 3.6 percent of the Hispanic population
- And Dominicans constitute 3.0 percent of the Hispanic population
(Source: Pew Research Center, 2012)
Significant History – Events which influenced the community and contextualize assessment and treatment
Mexican Americans are the most numerous Latino group in the United States. Although technically the first significant influx of Latino immigrants to the United States occurred shortly after most of today’s border between the United States and Mexico was established at the conclusion of the United States-Mexican War (1846-1848), a war during which Mexico lost a significant portion of their territory to the United States. After Spain relinquished control of the island and its colonial territories at the conclusion of the Spanish-American War in 1898, Puerto Rico was designated as a “unincorporated territory” of the United States.
- Many Puerto Ricans moved to the Northeast in the early 1900s because of the country’s economic prospects.
- In 1959, a revolutionary uprising in Cuba resulted in a mass migration that happened almost overnight.
- First, an elite group of Cubans arrived, but emigration continued with the arrival of balseros, individuals who risk their lives crossing the treacherous Atlantic Ocean in improvised boats to reach the United States.
- In contrast to immigrants from a number of other countries, many Cubans have received access to citizenship and government assistance as a result of their status as political asylum seekers.
- and Nicaragua—also contributed to a significant increase in Latin American immigration to the United States during this period.
- As a result of the post-civil war gang violence and drug trafficking, the number of refugee immigrants, especially children and women, arriving in the United States from Central America has skyrocketed.
- The frequency of mental health disorders varies among Latino subgroups, and this variation is a reflection of the wide range of events and conditions that Latinos have encountered.
Given the great amount of diversity that exists among Latino/Hispanic persons, it is critical to understand the influence that this diversity has on our understanding of Latinos seeking or in need of treatment in the United States.
Culture-Bound Syndromes in Hispanic Patients
The influence of culture on symptom presentation is well documented. The term “Ataques de nervios” refers to a culturally specific condition of anguish that involves symptoms such as excessive shrieking or yelling, sobbing, shaking, sensations of heat rising in the chest and head, dissociative experiences, as well as verbal or physical violence. Attacks on the nervous system are associated with high rates of comorbidity with a variety of anxiety disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and panic disorder.
- Recent Latino immigrants are at risk for traumatic exposure both before and after migration, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and stress linked with the immigration process, as well as the difficulties of integrating vs marginalizing in the United States.
- These findings imply that trauma and associated psychiatric illnesses in these groups should be screened for on a systematic basis.
- Unaccompanied refugee kids (also known as unaccompanied minors) from the expanding Central American diaspora have significant rates of traumatic exposure, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and anxiety.
- When comparing second and third generation Latinos to first generation immigrants, suicide and drug abuse, as well as a variety of mental health illnesses, are on the rise among the former.
- The prevalence of inadequate educational systems and attainment, as well as mental health difficulties, among Latinos increases as they become increasingly exposed to prejudice and hazardous surroundings.
- Latinos are more likely to drop out of school than non-Latino Whites as a result of mental health illnesses and trauma, and immigration to the United States during adolescence increases the likelihood of dropping out of school for both groups.
- Latino culture is noted for its collectivist-family orientation, the emphasis of personalismo (personal connectivity in contacts), and the respect for authority that it exhibits in its interactions.
Being bicultural and multilingual can really be beneficial to a child’s academic performance as well as his or her emotional health.
However, non-linguistic features of bicultural competence in the child, family, and extended social milieu play an essential protective function in Latino children of immigrants, reducing their discomfort and allowing them to integrate more successfully into society.
For a more in-depth explanation, please see the section above.
An individual’s experience with a mal de ojo (evil eye) from another person might result in medical difficulties such as vomiting, fever, diarrhea, and mental disorders (e.g., anxiety, sadness), as well as physical ailments.
As a result of terrifying and surprising situations, you may get exhausted and weak.
Modified from Paniagua, F.A.
(Paniagua, F.A.) (2000). I. Cuéllar and F.A. Paniagua, eds., Handbook of multicultural mental health: Assessment and treatment of varied populations (New York: Springer-Verlag, 2008). Culture-bound syndromes, cultural variances, and psychopathology (pp. 140-141). Academic Press is based in New York.
A Few Cultural differences between Anglo Americans and Latinos
|Anglo Americans||Latinos (as)|
|Nuclear family oriented||Extended family oriented (protective factor)|
|Do not emphasize supernatural forces||Importance on the spiritual domain (supernatural forces, use of saints as intermediaries)|
|Autonomy from parental approval as hallmark of optimal adult development||Respect for parental authority persists throughout life, e.g., not talking back|
|Direct communication||Indirect communication (use of third persons, allusions, proverbs, metaphors, jokes, and stories to transmit information)|
|Business like (task oriented)||Personalismo (high level of emotional resonance and personal involvement with family encounters or friends) Emotive style, person oriented Patriarchal (machismo)|
Abridged version of a passage from The Massachusetts General Hospital Textbook on Diversity and Cultural Sensitivity in Mental Health Being diagnosed with a mental illness, or simply seeking treatment, may be a socially stigmatizing experience for Latinos. Lack of access to care as a result of low insurance coverage rates, immigration status, language and cultural barriers in healthcare, which can include differences between provider and patient in explanatory models of illness and differences between families as gate keepers, can prevent patients from receiving treatment (Cortes et al, 2008).
Many Latinos understand and treat their mental health issues via the lens of spirituality and religion, which are essential frameworks in their lives.
Visions of ghosts and angels do not always reflect the presence of insanity.
As a result, many of these themes are found in the framework of spiritualist belief systems that are popular in many Latino communities, and they are not seen as “weird” or “uncommon” in such cultures.
Several effective practices for dealing with Latinos are listed below.
- Working with Latinos: a few best practices to remember
Despite the difficulties, Latinos are becoming a more significant academic, political, and financial force in the United States. One in every four babies is of Latino descent. Never before in the history of our country has a minority ethnic group made up such a big proportion of the population of the youngest Americans. The sorts of people that these young Latinos grow up to be will have a significant impact on the kind of society that America develops in the twenty-first century, simply by virtue of their sheer numbers.
Medical Anthropology: Culture Specific Diseases
Diseases that are specific to a certain culture There are some diseases that have a highly restricted distribution around the world due to the fact that they are produced by unique combinations of environmental variables and cultural behaviors in each location where they occur. These are referred regarded as “culture specific disorders” or “culture bound syndromes” in the medical community. Some of them produce just minor health concerns, while others are quite significant and can even be deadly in some cases.
This was a problem for young ladies who went to “raves,” which were large-scale pop music dance parties that ran on all day and into the night.
A result of the excessive usage of laptop computers that are lying on the lap is this condition. Over time, the heat generated by these devices might result in a mottled darkening of the skin on the lower thighs.
It was discovered among the South For people of the eastern New Guinea Highlands that they were suffering from a deadly culture-specific ailment of the brain and nerve system. For a long time, it was believed that kuru was caused by a virus with a long incubation period. The presence of prionsas has now been shown as the cause. This condition manifests itself as palsy, tightened facial muscles, and a lack of motor control, resulting finally in the inability even to eat or move around normally.
- This ailment was referred to as “trembling sickness” and “laughing sickness” on the South Fork.
- When symptoms first appear, death nearly typically occurs within 6-12 months after the beginning of the illness.
- At its heyday, it primarily affected women in their twenties and thirties.
- Normally, males had numerous wives, and women were responsible for the upbringing of their offspring.
- The men were disgruntled and perplexed by their predicament.
- As a result, individuals became extremely conscientious about cleaning up their home sites to ensure that witches did not have access to their hair, fingernail clippings, excrement, or other possessions.
- None of these measures had any effect on the rate at which the number of Kuruvictims was increasing.
They were successful.
Environmental toxins were tested for in a variety of samples gathered by other field workers, including water, soil, plants, and animals.
In the late 1950s, an American doctor by the name of Carleton Gajdusek traveled to Papua New Guinea in an attempt to resolve the situation.
Cannibalism was used as a technique of spreading the disease.
Women were the primary cannibals, butchering the bodies and eating their flesh.
It was considered unmanly by the majority of men.
Cannibalism was officially prohibited in Papua New Guinea in the early 1960s.
A total of 11 persons were diagnosed with Kuru between 1996 and 2004.
This suggested that the incubation time in these instances ranged from 34 to 41 years.
Scrapie is a disease that affects sheep and goats, while Kreutzfeld-Jacob disease is a sickness that affects people.
Beginning in 1986, there was an outbreak of the disease among cattle and humans in Western Europe, with the majority of cases occurring in the United Kingdom.
The consumption of meat from cattle that had contracted the disease as a result of consuming food supplements produced from ground-up dead sheep and maybe other farm animals has been linked to the development of the human version of “mad cow disease.” Multiple hundred thousand cattle and other agricultural animals have been isolated and slaughtered throughout Europe and Canada as part of the government’s official reaction.
- According to reports, this dramatic precaution has avoided a massive outbreak.
- On the backs of these animals, the condition is frequently referred to as “chronic wasting sickness.” Mental Disorders that are specific to a culture As far as we can tell, mental disease can be found in all communities.
- The same conduct that is considered a minor type of mental illness in one culture could be considered typical behavior in another.
- If you live in a society that has an indigenous worldview, you are more likely to see the same conduct as healthy and even admirable.
Such a person would be considered lucky since he or she would have direct contact with the supernatural realm. Dreams and the visionary world were traditionally considered to be more real and certainly more important than the everyday world of people in many Native American communities.
Among the Saoratribe ofOrissa State in India, young men andwomen occasionally display odd behavior patterns that western educated mentalhealth doctors would likely describe as a mental illness. They cry and laugh at inconvenient moments, have memory loss, pass out, and claim to have the sensation of being continually bitten by ants even though no ants are in the vicinity of their home. These folks are mostly teens or young adults who are disinterested in the everyday life of a subsistence farmer and are looking for something more exciting.
- The strange conduct of these people, according to the Saora, is attributable to the deeds of supernatural entities who are interested in marrying them.
- Once this marriage has taken place, the young person’s odd symptoms appear to have stopped, and he or she is transformed into a shaman who is responsible for treating people.
- This Saoraexample argues that certain mild mental diseases may be better seen as strategies of coping with difficult social settings rather than as a cause of them.
- What a society identifies as aberrant conduct is aconsequence of what it defines as amodal personality.
- The label that is attributed to an individual demonstrating aberrant conduct may be determined by the individual’s subculture, gender, and socioeconomic status.
- This is especially true if they are members of ethnic minorities or if they are homeless people.
Important persons who publicly criticized official policy in the former Soviet Union were often judged mentally ill and were sent to mental facilities, where they were drugged “for their own benefit.” In any culture, the criteria that define normal conduct are set by the culture that is being defined.
- For example, in the Yanomam Indian culture of South America, excessively aggressive and violent males are considered normal, and such individuals are frequently regarded as recognized leaders in their communities.
- Individuals who demonstrated these characteristics were shunned and evenostracized.
- People who are significantly psychologically disturbed and confused to the point where they are unable to engage regularly in their community are commonly referred to as mentally ill people.
- Despite the fact that mental illness may be found in almost every society, if not all, there are distinct culturally influenced forms that these disorders might take.
- Windigo psychosis is an example of this.
- Windigo psychosis is most commonly seen in the winter, when families are forced to stay in their cabins for months because of thick snow and insufficient food supply.
- Following that, the individual would have a typical illusion that he or she had been changed into a Windigo monster, among other things.
Windigopsychosis is a condition in which people become more aware that individuals around them are edible.
Because of the erroneous thoughts of being persecuted, a current medical diagnosis of this disease would be classified as paranoia in modern times.
In current North American society, the supposed persecutors of paranoids are more likely to be other humans or, in some cases, extraterrestrial visitors from other planets or worlds.
Another example of a mental condition that is connected to a culture is found in China and other parts of Southeast Asia where Chinese culture has spread (especially Vietnam, Malaysia, and Singapore).
Men are particularly concerned about the possibility that their penis and testicles are shrinking.
Fear of losing one’s masculinity or femininity, followed by death, is present in both situations.
It is also suspected to be caused by contaminated food.
An article in a newspaper stated that the korohad outbreak was caused by eating pork that had been raised from a pig that had had an anti-swine fever vaccine.
Another outbreak happened recently in coastal Vietnam, when several mothers were surprised to discover that their children’s penis and testicles had shrunk after swimming in a lake or swimming pool.
It has been reported that some moms attempted to pull out the penis and testicles with their hands and even hooks in order to make them bigger in some instances.
According to anthropologists and medical specialists from all around the world, there are many different types of culture-bound disorders. The following is a list of some of the most often reported: Latin America and Latino-derived civilizations in Europe are described as follows:
- A nervous breakdown (in Latin America and the civilizations of the Latin peoples of the Mediterranean)
- Mal de ojo (evil eye) is a term used in Latin America and Latin cultures around the Mediterranean to describe someone who is malevolent. Puerto Rico’s “mal de pelea” (peasant warfare)
Africa and the civilizations of the Americas that have African origins:
- Bouf e deliriante (Haiti and West Africa)
- Falling out or blacking out (Afro-Caribbean and Southern United States)
- Rootwork (Haiti and some parts of sub-Saharan Africa)
- Sangue dormido (Cape Verde Islands)
- Spell (Southeastern United States)
- Bouf e deliriante (Haiti and West Africa)
- Falling out or blacking out (Afro-Caribbean
Middle East (Arabic: ):
- Zar (Northeast Africa and Southwest Asia, particularly Egypt, Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Iran)
- Zar (Northeast Africa and Southwest Asia, namely Egypt, Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Iran)
South and East Asia are two of the world’s most populous regions.
- In Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines, amok (running amok) ormata elap is known as dhat. In Korea, hwa-byungorwool hwa-bung(anger syndrome) is known as koro, shook yang, su yang, orrok-joo is known as orrok-joo is known as latah is known as latah is known as orrok-joo is known as
Ocean of the South Pacific:
- Cafardorcathard (Polynesia)
- Gururumba(wild man episode) (New Guinea)
- Cafardorcathard (Polynesia)
- Cafardorcathard (Pol
Native Americans in the United States:
- Ghost sickness (in some Native American cultures)
- Grisi siknis (in the Moskito Indians of Nicaragua)
- Hi-wa itck (in the Mohave Indians of southeastern California)
- Iich’aa (in the Navaho Indians of the American Southwest)
- Pibloktoq (arctic hysteria) (in the Eskimos or Inuit of the North American sub-arctic)
- Wacinko (in the Oglala Sioux Indian
Continue reading this lesson to discover more about the symptoms and assumed causes of these culture boundsyndromes, which can be found in the Related Internet Sitessection. Thursday, October 07, 2010: This page was last updated with new information. Dennis O’Neil owns the copyright for the years 2002-2010. All intellectual property rights are retained. Credits for the illustration
Quarter 3 Exam Flashcards
Axis II of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV-TR) includes personality disorders and mental retardation. According to Freud, the Subconscious mind contains information that we are not now aware of but that may be retrieved with ease. This type of evaluation, in which specific behaviors that are described on the evaluation are given numerical values, is referred to as a evaluation. When Jessie’s favorite hockey player is purposefully injured by an opponent, she loses her cool and gets enraged.
“I’m so enraged that I’m ready to kill that player!” The syndrome is characterized by the absence of an X on the 23rd pair of chromosomes, resulting in short, sterile females.
According to Hofstede’s aspects of cultural personality, which of the following alternatives best defines the cultural personality of the United States?
Hector is 70 years old and has recently retired from a career as a criminal defense attorney.
He is also working on himself.
Luke has been diagnosed with a somatoform condition (somatoform disorder).
This belief is supported by his family, his physicians, and his ability to stay away from stressful events that are connected with his disease.
Vince learns that the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory has specific questions that are repeated numerous times in different ways, and he decides to take the test to find out more.
What do you think his daughter is going to say?
Between the ages of 5 and 12, children attempt to build a sense of competence that is derived from their hard work and effort in many activities.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) has been linked to _, according to research.
What has been discovered through twin research and adoption studies concentrating on the heritability of characteristics has been verified.
She is most likely suffering from a .
Research has determined that the development of the Six Motor Milestones should take place in the following order: lifting the head and chest, rolling over, sitting up with help, sitting up without support, crawling, and walking are all examples of motor skills that may be learned.
He washes his hands after each occurrence of this.
Tony has designed a test in which participants are asked to stare at clouds and then discuss what they saw.
According to research on the differences in brain activity between males and females, , Identify which of the following disorders is the most often diagnosed psychiatric condition in the United States: Major depressive disorder is a mental illness that affects the majority of the population.
Is it possible to tell me where the word “superego” comes from?
He reappears in another town two weeks later, with no recollection of who he is or how he came to be there.
When anomalous behavior is the consequence of a series of learnt reactions, which model does the best job of explaining the phenomenon?
She is extremely devoted to her family.
It is typical of someone who comes from a culture to live in Mei’s way of life.
John has made a career out of defrauding elderly people of their retirement funds by taking advantage of their trust and selling them fictitious retirement investment products.
His victims, in his opinion, received exactly what they deserved.
Which of the following is the most significant drawback of the cross-sectional approach?
When it comes to assessing personality, many psychologists take an eclectic approach, which means they _.apply a number of different approaches.
The number of chromosomes in each cell of the human body is how many pairs there are.
Sensorimotor; preoperational; concrete operations; formal operations; sensorimotor; preoperational; formal operations Megan has just celebrated her 32nd birthday.
Furthermore, she employs sophisticated testing equipment to assess the sensitivity of her senses as well as her overall physical characteristics and fitness.
When it comes to flying insects, Manny is so terrified of them that he seldom leaves his house during the summer months.
The fundamental symptom of schizophrenia is a profound impairment in motor behavior and cognitive processes.
This era is referred to as the “adolescent years.” “Do it because it feels wonderful” is the finest way to describe the Concept.
Dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine are the neurotransmitters involved.
When it comes to Freud’s psychosexual phases, what is the proper order?
A group of three people gathered.
Harry was a smart, logical thinker who was also clever.
Ron was a pleasure-seeking individual who found it difficult to resist satisfaction and who, for the most part, just did what he wanted.
Is it true that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder exhibits the same symptoms as bipolar illness?
Carl Jung, a neo-Freudian psychologist, proposed the presence of a collective unconscious, which he named _, and which comprises visions shared by all humans.
The doctor believes that Dave’s condition is the manifestation of a suppressed, unresolved internal conflict that has been buried in his unconscious mind since Dave was a youngster and that has its origins in Dave’s upbringing.
In psychoanalysis, what phrase was used to refer to psychoanalysts who broke away from Freud’s rigorous interpretation of his theory and produced ideas of their own that were founded on Freud’s work was referred to as?
The interpretation of projective tests is just too subjective in this case.
It describes the symptoms and includes a checklist of specific diagnostic criteria for each symptom.
Insane ideas held by someone who is persuaded that others are attempting to harm them in some manner are known as delusions of .
The biopsychosocial model is a concept that examines how people interact with one another.
It is believed that aberrant conduct is caused by suppressed ideas, memories, and worries (psychodynamic model).
Human conduct and personality, according to Freud, were determined by the _, which he considered to be the most essential determinant element.
A group of three people gathered.
Harry was a smart, logical thinker who was also clever.
Ron was a pleasure-seeking individual who found it difficult to resist satisfaction and who, for the most part, just did what he wanted.
In the longitudinal design, which of the following is considered a drawback?
According to the findings of a team of researchers, people who suffer from dissociative identity disorder exhibit considerable changes in Behavior when distinct personalities are present.
He is concerned about his financial situation, his children, and his dog.
The symptoms that Leo is experiencing sound the most like .
are rod-shaped structures in the nucleus of the cell that contain genes and are found in the cytoplasm.
Unlike phobic disorder, which is not associated with any single trigger, generalized anxiety disorder is associated with a specific trigger.
Human aging is defined as the scientific study of the changes that occur in persons from the time of conception until death.
In the world of psychology, is defined as any pattern of conduct that causes someone substantial discomfort, damages others, or impairs their capacity to function in daily life.
Your professor arranges a debate on Freudian theory for you.
In your opinion, which of the following would be an acceptable counter-argument to make?
Sailor’s prefrontal brain contains low amounts of the chemical dopamine, which indicates that he is suffering from depression.
Unrelated to any realistic or known source, free-floating anxiety is defined as anxiety that does not have a specific cause or trigger.
One of the most important goals of the DSM-IV-TR is to _.assist psychological experts in the diagnosis of psychological illnesses.
According to Freud’s personality theory, the are at odds with one another, and the must act as a mediator between them.
When operating under the reality principle, a person seeks _.to obtain gratification without suffering any negative consequences.
A instructor works one-on-one with a pupil for a period of time before gradually withdrawing assistance when the student gains proficiency.
PTSD and other physical symptoms are produced by the transformation of repressed traumatic events or unwanted urges into physical symptoms.
During which stage of the psychosexual development do sexual desires revive and become more intense?
Is there a stage of cognitive development in Jean Piaget’s model that is characterized by abstract reasoning and the formulation of theories?
Anxiety disorders characterized by a dread of interacting with others or being in a social context are referred to as disorders.
Following hypnosis, her voice shifts and someone claiming to be “Joan” begins to talk on the other end of the line.
Eve looks to be suffering from a condition, according to the evidence.
The is, without a doubt, the most serious flaw with behaviorists’ evaluations of personality.
Despite the fact that X-rays indicated no evidence of cancer, Bob sought the opinions of a dozen more specialists, all of whom agreed with the original diagnosis. What kind of psychiatric disease may Bob’s actions be a symptom of?