Which Of The Following Countries Is Considered A High-context Culture

High Context Countries 2022

Japan, like the majority of Asian countries, is regarded as one of the most high-context countries. Generally speaking, Japanese communication culture is characterized by being indirect and implicit. In Japan, there is a tradition known as Ba no Kuuki wa Yomu (also known as Kuki O Yomu), which translates as “reading the air,” which supports this. General, this practice involves becoming more aware of one’s own social position, reading behavioral signs and interpreting the situation without using words, as well as placing oneself in another person’s shoes to have a better understanding of their sentiments, amongst other things.


China is also included on the list of high context nations due to the fact that its culture is inspired by Confucian principles (benevolence, propriety, righteousness, etc.). There is a strong tendency toward collectivism in the country, and unity within the group is crucial. Direct communication is discouraged in Chinese social culture because it is considered unpleasant and uncomfortable in social situations. Save your face is an essential notion in Chinese society because it helps you to maintain your dignity and integrity.


The importance of social status and conformity to social standards are highly valued in French culture. France, like most high-context nations, has a formal and diplomatic communication style that is used by its citizens. It is necessary to have both verbal and nonverbal communication abilities in order to communicate effectively with the French. This is due to the fact that when communicating with the French, you will need to pay attention to their facial expressions, tone, gestures, and posture.


Russophobia and rely on group interactions are important aspects of Russian culture, which is characterized by a high level of context. When communicating, Russians rely on contextual, non-verbal, traditional, and symbolic clues, as well as their own body language. Even if these norms of communication are not expressly mentioned, they are understood.


Due to the high context culture in Spain, all verbal contact is viewed through the prism of who said it, where they came from, how they’re saying it, and the emotions and reasons that lie beneath the words. The people of Spain are able to deduce meaning from nonverbal communication because they place a high priority on strong interpersonal ties. As a result, while they are interacting with people, they are always cognizant of the context and setting.

Saudi Arabia

The majority of Arab nations, including Saudi Arabia, rank quite high in terms of context. The usage of nonverbal clues such as facial expressions, body stance, silence, and tone of voice indicates that the commercial and social communication culture in Saudi Arabia is based on more than just what is spoken.


Even Saudi Arabia and the majority of Arab countries are considered to be highly high context countries.

Again, this indicates that the commercial and social communication culture in Saudi Arabia is based not only on what is said, but also on additional communicative signals such as facial expressions, body positioning, the use of silence, and the tone of voice used to communicate.


The majority of Mediterranean countries, including Italy, are considered high context countries, and this is no exception. Italian culture is characterized by a collectivist perspective that places a strong emphasis on emotions, family, and group interactions. Open demonstrations of affection, as well as firm handshakes and hugs, are commonplace in the Italian way of living. When it comes to communication, the people of Italy depend heavily on body language, particularly hand gestures. It is critical, however, to adhere to social conventions and traditions.

South Africa

The black population in South Africa is dominated by a high-context culture that is prevalent throughout the country. Despite the fact that there are certain similarities amongst tribes in South Africa (such as the Xhosa, Zulu, or Pedi), each tribe has its unique communication culture. In general, elders are revered, and extended family networks are common in many cultures. In addition to rituals, proverbs, and dialogues with hidden meanings, South Africa’s traditional communication culture makes use of veiled meanings in talks.

Answer Key

  1. As defined by the American Psychological Association, is the impression of belonging to an organization that is part of a larger culture.
  • CPage: 4 is the answer. The following nations would be regarded individualistic cultures:
  • Which of the following countries would be considered individualistic cultures:
  • Bloom’s: RememberingAhead: Understanding Cultures and Cocultures
  • CPage: 9 is the answer. Bloom’s: Reminiscing about the past Cultural Values and Norms to Look Out For Which of the following nations would be called low-context cultures:
  • A is the correct response. Page number: 13 Bloom’s: Reminiscing about the past Cultural Values and Norms to Look Out For Shape Communication
  • The degree to which people of a culture feel frightened by ambiguous circumstances and the extent to which they attempt to avoid them is referred to as the following:
  1. Salience, high-context culture, power distance, and uncertainty avoidance are all characteristics of salience.
  • D is the correct answer. Page number: 14 “RememberingAhead: Cultural Values and Norms,” a Bloom’s publication. The degree to which a person identifies with a certain group is referred to as Shape Communication.
  • D is the correct answer. Page number: 19 Bloom’s: Reminiscing about the past Cocultures and Communication are on the horizon. The belief that one’s own culture is superior than other cultures is referred to as:
  1. D is the correct response. Page: 19 of the document Bloom’s: Reminiscing about the past. Cocultures and communication are on the horizon. One’s own culture is considered superior to other cultures when one holds the following attitudes.
  • C is the correct answer. Page number: 36 Bloom’s: RememberingAhead: Developing Intercultural Communication Competence
  • Bloom’s: RememberingAhead: Developing Intercultural Communication Competence
  • Bloom’s: RememberingAhead: Developing Intercultural Communication Competence When it comes to intercultural communication ability, which of the following characteristics is incompatible with ethnocentrism, prejudice, and stereotyping?
  • B is the correct answer. Page number: 36 Bloom’s: RememberingAhead: Developing Intercultural Communication Competence
  • Bloom’s: RememberingAhead: Developing Intercultural Communication Competence
  • Bloom’s: RememberingAhead: Developing Intercultural Communication Competence Specific ways for transitioning to a more conscious, competent style of intercultural communication have been identified in the literature. In the text, one of the tactics is described as follows:
  • Blom’s: RememberingAhead: Developing Intercultural Communication Competence
  • Answer: BPage: 37 In the United States, one out of every five hate crimes is motivated by one of the following characteristics:
  • D is the correct answer. Page number: 22 Bloom’s: Reminiscing about the past Cocultures and Communication are on the horizon. The phrase “in-group” is used to describe the following:
  1. People who are well-known
  2. Celebrities
  3. People with whom we identify
  4. People with whom we have no association
  1. CPage: 7-8 is the answer. Bloom’s: RememberingAhead: Understanding Cultures and Cocultures
  2. Bloom’s: RememberingAhead: Understanding Cultures and Cocultures

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1)Which of the following nations has a high-context culture, according to the definition? Group of possible answers: (a) England; (b) China; (c) Germany; and (d) Canada 2)The following companies have all been the target of trademark trolling in China: EXCEPT (a) Justin Bieber (b) Volkswagen (c) Michael Jordan (d) Tesla are examples of possible answers. 3 )Which of the following is a good illustration of export control? Group of answer options(a) The European Union imposes tariffs on agricultural products from the United States(b) China restricts the amount of rare-earth minerals that can be exported abroad(c) India requires the purchase of solar products for domestic consumption(d) The United States imposes a tariff-rate quota on sugar 4)Which area among the nations participating in the Trans-Pacific Partnership is most likely to reap the benefits of free trade granted by the agreement?

The following are the possible answers: (a) Asia, (b) South America, (c) North America, and (d) Europe 5)Can you tell me why China restricts the export of rare-earth minerals?

Group of response options(a) to preserve good relations with trade partners(b) to adhere to WTO rules(c) to promote its local sectors that rely on minerals(d) to expand global supply and lower the price of minerals

Context of Cultures: High and Low

1.4.6 – Context of Cultures: High and LowContext ofCultures: High and LowHere is another concept that will help you pull togethera lot of the material you have read so far about culture. It is called “highcontext” and “low context” and was created by the sameanthropologist who developed the concepts of polychronic and monochronic time.They complement each other and provide a broad framework for looking at culture.The list below shows the kind of behavior thatisgenerally found inhigh and lowcontext cultures within five categories: how people relate to each other, howthey communicate with each other, how they treat space, how they treat time,and how they learn. One thing to remember is that few cultures, and the peoplein them, are totally at one end of the spectrum or the other.Theyusually fall somewhere in between and may have a combination of high and lowcontext characteristics.
  • Relationships are based on trust, which develops gradually and is stable. One makes a distinction between persons who are within and those who are outside one’s circle. The ability to work with others and pay attention to the group process are essential for getting things done. One’s identity is anchored in groups (family, culture, and place of employment)
  • The social structure and authority are centralized, and accountability is at the top of the hierarchy of power. The person in charge is concerned with the well-being of the group.
  • Relationships begin and end in a blink of an eye. A large number of persons can be found within one’s circle
  • The circle’s perimeter is not clearly defined. By following processes and keeping an eye on the end objective, things get accomplished. One’s sense of self and accomplishments serve as the foundation of one’s identity. The social structure is decentralized
  • Responsibility is distributed more widely (rather than being concentrated at the top)
  • The use of nonverbal aspects is extensive
  • The tone of voice, facial expressions, gestures, and eye movement all contribute to the overall meaning of the discourse. When communicating verbally, the message is implicit
  • The context (situation, people, nonverbal aspects) is more significant than the words themselves. It is indirect to communicate verbally
  • One speaks around the topic and embellishes it. Communication is regarded as an art form apart from the act of engaging someone. Disagreement is unique to the individual. One is sensitive to the expression of conflict in nonverbal communication by another person. In order for work to develop, either conflict must be resolved or conflict must be avoided since it is personally threatening
  • There is a limited usage of nonverbal components. The verbal communication is more explicit than the nonverbal message
  • The verbal message is more direct. Language is more significant than context
  • A verbal communication is straightforward
  • One lays out exactly what they want to say. A method of exchanging information, ideas, and opinions, communication is considered to be a sort of exchange. Disagreement is depersonalized in this manner. One withdraws from a quarrel with another in order to focus on the work at hand. The emphasis is on logical answers rather than personal ones. It is possible to express one’s dissatisfaction with another’s troublesome conduct
  • People stand near to one another and share the same space since space is common.
  • Space is segregated and privately owned
  • Privacy is paramount, thus individuals are separated by a greater distance.
  • Everything moves at its own pace. Time is difficult to schedule
  • People’s wants may interfere with the ability to stick to a timetable. What is crucial is that something is done
  • Change is slow to happen. Things are firmly entrenched in the past, are difficult to change, and are steadfast. Time is a process
  • It belongs to others as much as to nature
  • It is cyclical.
  • Things are set to be completed at specific times and one at a time, according to a timetable. What matters is that task be completed efficiently, and that change occurs quickly. When one changes his or her behavior, one may witness instant benefits
  • Time is a commodity that can be spent or saved. One’s time is his or her own
  • Knowledge is integrated in the context
  • Things are interconnected, synthesized, and global in nature, There are a variety of sources of information used. Deductive reasoning is a process that moves from the general to the specific. Learning comes through observation of others as they model or demonstrate, followed by practice. When it comes to learning and problem solving, groups are favored
  • Accuracy is highly regarded. It is crucial to assess how well something has been learnt.
  • Knowledge is integrated in the context
  • Things are interconnected, synthesized, and global in nature. There are a variety of sources of information. Deductive reasoning, which moves from the general to the specific, is used in the process. After seeing others as they model or show, students can apply what they have learned. Learning and problem solving are best done in groups, and accuracy is highly regarded. It is crucial to assess how successfully something has been taught.

anthropologist Edward T. Hall’s writings, all of which were published in New York by Doubleday in the 1950s and 1960s: The Silent Language(1959), The Hidden Dimension(1969), Beyond Culture(1976), and The Dance of Life(1979) (1983). The 1993 Annual: Developing Human Resources is the source of this information. PfeifferCompany. Let’s try out the following task to see where you fall on the low and high context continuum.

Instructions:Foreach of the following twenty items, check 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 to indicateyour tendencies and preferences in a work situation.
Hardly Ever Sometimes Almost Always
1 2 3 4 5
1. Whencommunicating, I tend to use a lot of facialexpressions, hand gestures, and body movementsratherthan relying mostly on words.
2. Ipay more attention to the context of a conversation�who said what andunder what circumstances�thanIdo to the words.
3. Whencommunicating, I tend to spell things outquickly and directly rather than talking around and addingto the point.
4. Inan interpersonal disagreement, I tend to be more emotional than logicaland rational.
5. Itend to have a small, close circle of friends rather thana large, but less close, circle of friends.
6. Whenworking with others, I prefer to get the job donefirst and socialize afterward rather than socialize first andthen tackle the job.
7. I would ratherwork in a group than by myself.
8. Ibelieve rewards should be given for individual accomplishment ratherthan for group accomplishments.
9. Idescribe myself in terms of my accomplishmentsratherthan in terms of my family and relationships.
10. Iprefer sharing space with others to having my own private space.
11. Iwould rather work for someone who maintains authorityandfunctions for the good of the group than work for someone who allowsa lot of autonomy and individual decisionmaking.
12. Ibelieve it is more important to be on time than to letotherconcerns take priority.
13. Iprefer working on one thing at a time to working on avariety of things at once.
14. Igenerally set a time schedule and keep to it rather than leave thingsunscheduled and go with the flow.
15. Ifind it easier to work with someone who is fast andwantsto see immediate results than to work with someone who is slow and wantsto consider all the facts.
16. Inorder to learn about something, I tend to consult many sources of informationrather than to go to the one bestauthority.
17. Infiguring out problems, I prefer focusing on the whole situation to focusingon specific parts or taking one step at a time.
18. Whentackling a new task, I would rather figure it out on my own by experimentationthan follow someone else’s example or demonstration.
19. Whenmaking decisions, I consider my likes and dislikes, not just the facts.
20. Iprefer having tasks and procedures explicitly defined tohaving a general idea of what has to be done.
Your High context score is: Your Low context score is: The difference between your scores is:Beforeyou see the interpretation of your scores, read this. Compare your High and Low Context Culture scores. They can provide a pretty clear indication of how you prefer to interact in work and other social settings. All this means is that you are likely to feel more comfortable using one or the other contexts. Neitherone is better or worse than the other. Preferring one style does notmean that you can�t interact effectively in many contexts, but justthat you might have to make some adjustments if, for example, yourstyle is predominantly high context and you find yourself functioningin a largely low context culture, or vice-versa. It also indicatesthat overseas adaptation might be easier if you were intending tolive in a culture that generally reflected those cultural values.Asuseful as it is to know what your “natural” style is, it is even moreimportant to understand how your preferred style might differ fromothers, and what that means when interacting with those who do notshare that preference. If you want to know more about theinterpretation of your scores.clickhere.

To illustrate how cultures fallalong the context continuum, here is a chart that includes some culturesthat have been studied.Nowthat you have learned how to think aboutcultures in general, we will look at a culture that you are very closeto, US-American. Section 1.5 looks at those characteristics of US culturethat will go with you but will not require a suitcase to carry.

Which countries have low context cultures?

Germany, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Canada, and the United States are all examples of low – context cultures. Because business activities in North America tend to follow low – context norms, most of us are more familiar with this system than we are with high – context cultures, which is a good thing. Countries with a low – context culture include the United States and Germany. Aside from the reasons stated above, why is America a low context culture? American culture is characterized by a lack of context.

  1. One can therefore wonder how high context cultures differ from low context cultures, and how they are related to one another.
  2. Low – context cultures, on the other hand, rely heavily on explicit verbal communication.
  3. What exactly is a low context?
  4. In these civilizations, cultural conduct and beliefs may need to be openly stated so that individuals who are new to the culture are aware of how they should behave.

France and French Culture

Germany, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Canada, and the United States are just a few examples of low – contextual cultures. Most of us are more familiar with this approach since North American business operations tend to follow low – contextnorms, as opposed to the high – context cultures in which we operate. States such as the United States and Germany are examples of low-context civilizations. Furthermore, why is America a low-context culture, as mentioned above. There is a low context for American culture.

Extremely high-context cultures are ones that communicate primarily through implicit cues and rely substantially on context.

Collectionist societies that prioritize interpersonal connections and have individuals who build solid and deep bonds are those with a high level of contextualization (high context culture).

People new to these civilizations may require clear explanations of cultural behavior and beliefs in order for them to understand how to behave in the cultural setting.

  • France is a culture that places a strong emphasis on context. What exactly does this mean? In his book The Silent Language, published in 1959, anthropologist Edward T. Hall presented the notion of high- and low-context civilizations for the first time. If you live in a high-context culture, communication may be more unspoken than explicit – for example, more attention may be paid to body language, facial expressions, and other non-verbal indicators in order to decipher the meaning of what is being said. By comparison, the United States is seen as having high context, in which verbal communication is more explicit, direct, and elaborate. Therefore, in order to pick up on subtle information in France, you may need to invest some more time and energy paying attention to people, as well as watching and listening. Things may appear to be the same on the surface, but there are subtle changes under the surface. Many features of France and French culture may be recognizable to you since you have lived in other countries. There are the preconceptions that you may have read about or seen in movies, such as the daily French baguette, cheese and wine, and the traditional beret. There are also the stereotypes that are true. Additionally, you may see many recognizable American cultural aspects, such as fast food and pop music, that have been successfully blended into French culture and daily life. The context in which these features are used, on the other hand, is significantly different in France than it is in the United States. On our website, we will present you with various instances of what this looks like in the months leading up to your departure. Traditions and social conventions are firmly ingrained in society and change at a glacial pace. The French are typically highly proud of their way of life, which places a strong focus on spending time with family and friends, making and eating meals, and living in the present moment, among other things. This set of values has been an intrinsic component of French culture for a long time, despite the fact that globalization has had an impact on French society to a certain extent. It is common to feel out of place while traveling to a different culture. When you are exposed to a variety of cultural norms, social cues, and language, you may feel exhausted, restless, and homesick. The fact that you are experiencing a new culture is very natural! Small efforts, such as maintaining a diary, can aid in the processing and better understanding of your unique experience and circumstances. In addition to that
  • It is our responsibility to assist you in preparing for and processing this new experience! You will receive frequent information through email from the European Center about France and its history, society, and culture in the months leading up to the program. You will also receive resources to help you better comprehend living in France in the months leading up to the program. Once the program begins, the personnel of the European Center and the Tufts faculty members on site will be available to assist you with processing all of the complexities of living in a foreign country.

What country is a high context culture?

Asked in the following category: General The most recent update was on March 12th, 2020. Japan, China, and the Arab countries are all examples of countries with a high context score. Low contextcultures may be found in places such as Scandinavia, Germany, and the United States. In addition to the foregoing, is China a low or high context culture? When people in a low context society say no, they really mean no. Continuing to offer tea is not only unnecessary, but it might also be deemed disrespectful, since it could be interpreted as an attempt to coerce them into accepting something they do not desire.

Furthermore, which nations are considered to have high-context?

Is Spain a country with a strong context culture?

Japan, China, France, Spain, Brazil, and a number of other countries fall within this classification.

High-Context & Low-Context Cultures

International challenges are becoming increasingly important to entrepreneurs today, regardless of the size of their organization. One of the most essential aspects of this body of research is the idea of high- and low-context cultures, which is discussed more below. Most civilizations may be divided into two categories: those with a high context and those with a low context. In business, the context may be thought of as the social atmosphere or surrounding area in which a transaction takes place.

The manner in which participants are outfitted The general atmosphere or tone of a meeting is defined as follows: The legal standing of the persons who are delivering the information.

The nonverbal communication of people in high-context cultures is therefore much more crucial to them than it is in low-context ones.

In the event that you have been invited to the meeting with an introduction from someone who knows you and the other company person, this may take a few hours.

In a high-context culture, a contract is only a beginning point for the talks that will ultimately lead to the conclusion of a business.

Japan, the majority of other Asian nations, the majority of Arab countries, Latin America, the majority of African countries, and Italy are all examples of high-context cultures.

However, for the purposes of demonstration, we shall limit ourselves to just these two categories of high and low contextual importance: In a low-context society, the words themselves are more significant than the social context in which they are said.

In a society where context is not important, a written agreement can be regarded at face value.

A contract is believed to be the end result of discussions rather than the beginning point of such conversations.

Because business operations in North America tend to follow low-context norms, most of us are more familiar with this system than we are with cultures that follow high-context norms.

Gifts may be anticipated in a society with a high level of context.

I would also recommend that, after you have arrived in a foreign country, you pay close attention to your host’s gestures and answers, and that you appropriately reply in the same manner.

For example, if you are in Asia, DOcompliment them and tell them about your impressions on their culture.

Beginning every encounter in Latin America with a nice talk about family or other social issues is recommended.

The lesson that many American businesspeople fail to grasp is that “it all comes down to connections.” Leslie Minor, Ph.D., has been named as the next chair of the Department of Social Sciences at Colorado College.

She may be reached by email at [email protected] Lowell Lamberton, Professor of Business, may be reached at [email protected] or on Twitter @llamberton. Co-authors Lamberton and Minor have collaborated on three college-level textbooks.

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