When To Repeat Urine Culture After Antibiotics


Is a repeat urine culture useful during antibiotic therapy for febrile urinary tract infection?

The purpose of this study was to determine if a repeat urine culture after a few days of antibiotic therapy was cost-effective in treating pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI) in southern Thailand. Methods: In this study, a retrospective evaluation of the medical records of children diagnosed with UTI under the age of 15 years who were treated at Songklanagarind Hospital between January 1995 and December 2004 was conducted. The demographics of the patients were gathered. The findings of a repeat urine culture performed after the antibiotic was started were analyzed.

It was discovered that 49 (9.2 percent) of the 439 individuals (245 boys and 204 girls) who had 533 UTI episodes had repeat urine cultures with substantial growth.

The study’s treatment protocol would have recommended that children with at least one of the above risk factors receive a repeat urine culture, but only 356 cases (66.8 percent +/- 2.0 percent) would have received a repeat test, resulting in a savings of $US 655 and the missed opportunity to test five more children for positive repeat urine cultures.

Choosing Wisely: Avoid ordering follow-up urine cultures after treatment for an uncomplicated urinary tract infection in patients that show evidence of clinical resolution of infection.

  • Justification and observations: Studies have demonstrated that clinical clearance of infection is sufficient for determining the success of antibiotic therapy following treatment for a urinary tract infection. The American Academy of Pediatrics – Section on Nephrology and the American Society of Pediatric Nephrology are the organizations that are sponsoring this event. Guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics are among the sources. Disciplines:
  • sInfectious disease
  • sUrologic
  • American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Quality Improvement, Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infection are some of the sources of information. The diagnosis, treatment, and assessment of the early urinary tract infection in febrile babies and young children are all practice parameters to be considered. Pediatrics, vol. 103, no. 8, pp. 843-852. R. Bachir Bachir R. Bachir R. Bachir R. Bachir R. Bachir R. Bachir R. Bachir R. Bachir R. Bachir R. Bachir R. Nonresponders include babies with urinary tract infections who have a persistent fever. Pediatrics, vol. 105, no. E59, 2000. The following authors contributed to this work: Currie ML, Mitz L, Raasch CS, Greenbaum LA Obtaining follow-up urine cultures and monitoring fever in children with urinary tract infection Archief of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 2003
  • 157:1237-1240. Oreskovic NM, Sembrano EU, and colleagues Children who are hospitalised with urinary tract infections should have their urine cultures taken again. Pediatrics, vol. 119, no. 2, pp. 325-329, 2007.

New recurrent UTI guideline: What urologists need to know

Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most prevalent reasons for antibiotic exposure in women who otherwise are in excellent health. Urothelial pathogens have developed a significant rise in their ability to withstand antibiotics during the last 20 years. Antibiotic overuse has resulted in ecologically detrimental effects known as “collateral damage,” which include the selection of drug-resistant organisms and the unintended establishment of colonization or infection with multidrug-resistant pathogens.

Patients with acute simple cystitis all over the world have been exposed to ESBL-producing isolates, which are bacteria that produce a broad range of antibiotics (Scand J Prim Health Care2007; 25:49;Br J Gen Pract2002; 52:729-34).

Check out this article: Low testosterone and incontinence in elderly women may be connected Recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs), which are defined as two culture-proven UTIs in a 6-month period or three culture-proven occurrences in a 12-month period, account for a significant proportion of UTIs encountered in urologic clinics.

  • The final systematic review was carried out with the assistance of the Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection expert group, which provided valuable feedback.
  • The symptom of dysuria is critical in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI).
  • It has a greater than 90 percent accuracy rate for UTI in young women.
  • There are 16 suggestions.
  • An exam should be undertaken in order to identify any treatable contributors to rUTIs, such as vaginal atrophy or cystocele, and this is stressed in this section.
  • Because many women experience symptoms that are similar to urinary tract infections (UTIs), such as overactive bladder and interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome, we attempt to document all previous occurrences with urine cultures before diagnosing a woman as having a rUTI.
  • Given the high probability of antibiotic overtreatment, any sample containing epithelium contamination and/or other factors suggesting contamination (such as a culture producing “mixed flora”) should be obtained using a catheterized sampling technique.

As urologists, we frequently feel pressured to work up recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs), although this is not always required.

As a result of our growing understanding of antibiotic resistance, the days of empiric treatment are drawing to a close.

We no longer recommend that people begin treatment on their own without first establishing a culture.

When treating asymptomatic patients with rUTIs, clinicians should refrain from performing surveillance urine tests, including urine culture.

Asymptomatic bacteriuria should not be treated by clinicians (ASB).

This frequently necessitates training the patient’s whole health-care team.

In order to receive this information, one must contact the microbiology lab at the hospital where one practices.

In this case, we are attempting to prevent overtreating patients with antibiotics for longer periods of time than is necessary for acute cystitis.

In the event that an acute cystitis episode cannot be treated with oral medications, consulting with an infectious disease expert is a realistic option.

It should be noted that a positive dipstick does not rule out BTX injections.

The use of adequate prophylaxis can help to reduce collateral harm when used appropriately.

Among the eight randomized trials found by the systematic review were cranberry vs placebo/no cranberry (6 RCTs, one of which included a lactobacillus arm) and cranberry against antibiotics (one of which included a lactobacillus arm) (two randomized controlled trials).

A variety of juices and cocktails were employed in the juice tests, which were consumed in varied quantities on a daily basis and contained cranberry extract in varying percentages within the overall amount of product taken.

Accordingly, cranberry prophylaxis can be recommended at this time based on the safety profile of the fruit.

Asymptomatic patients should not be subjected to a post-treatment cure urinalysis or urine culture, according to current recommendations.

When UTI symptoms persist despite antibiotic treatment, clinicians should order a second urine culture to guide their subsequent care decisions.

We can avoid overtreating many of these ladies if we can obtain a culture for them.

It is simple for urologists to administer vaginal estrogen because there is no evidence that vaginal estrogen is associated with an increased risk of gynecologic or breast cancer.

An observational study with a medium risk of bias that included 140 women with recurrent UTIs who reported 1.5 L/day of fluid intake at baseline (mean age, 36 years) discovered that increasing water intake was related with fewer UTI recurrences when compared with no extra fluids (mean, 1.7 versus 3.2 UTI episodes over 12 months,p.001).

  1. 88 percent) as well as a longer gap between UTI episodes (143 vs.
  2. Further research is required to confirm this finding in women who consume more water at a cellular level than males.
  3. We feel that the 2019 AUA/CUA/SUFU rUTI guideline is a crucial step in assisting urologists in reducing collateral harm and slowing the pace of development of antibiotic resistance, based on the research to date.
  4. Send us an email with your thoughts on this topic at tourology [email protected]
  5. Anger, MD, MPH, is a physician and public health professional.
  6. Lenore Ackerman holds an MD and a PhD.
  7. Anger is an associate professor of urology and associate director of urological research at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Beverly Hills, California, and Dr.

Ackerman is an assistant professor of urology at the same institution. Professor and chair of the Department of Urology at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine in Maywood, Illinois, Christopher M. Gonzalez, MD, MBA, is the section editor for this issue.

Can UTI Symptoms Linger After Antibiotics? What It Means & What to Do

In the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs), antibiotics are frequently utilized, and they can be quite successful. Occasionally, however, these antibiotics do not work, and there are a variety of reasons why this may be happening. Following antibiotic therapy, you may realize that your UTI’s symptoms have not subsided completely. In certain circumstances, they may be deteriorating worse yet. This article discusses why antibiotics may fail to work and when you should consult your doctor about extra testing if you are experiencing persistent UTI symptoms.

Antibiotics are the initial line of defense against most urinary tract infections.

This is becausealmost 90 percentof UTIs are caused byE.

Unfortunately, not all cases of urinary tract infection (UTI) react in the manner predicted.

  • Your UTI might be caused by an antibiotic-resistant strain of bacteria
  • It could be caused by another type of bacteria, fungus, or virus
  • It could be caused by another ailment that has UTI-like symptoms
  • It could be caused by an antibiotic-resistant strain of bacteria.

Antibiotic resistance

In the case of an antibiotic-resistant urinary tract infection (UTI), the bacterium that is causing the illness is not responsive to antibiotic therapy. This occurs when bacteria adapt as a result of repeated or continual antibiotic exposure. Antibiotic resistance is especially prevalent in those who have underlying medical disorders or frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Wrong antibiotics

An unconfirmed urinalysis without an accompanying urine culture raises the possibility that the antibiotic given for your infection is not the most appropriate treatment for you. A UTI caused by a less common bacteria strain, or even a fungus or virus, can result in this type of complication. According to recent research, this technique may possibly be a contributing factor to antibiotic resistance.

Underlying conditions

In certain circumstances, urinary tract infections (UTIs) do not respond to medications because they are not actually UTIs. Instead, it is possible that another underlying illness is creating UTI-like symptoms. Some of the illnesses that might induce symptoms that are similar to those of a UTI are as follows:

  • Acute cystitis, interstitial cystitis, overactive bladder, kidney infection, kidney stones, vaginitis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, genital herpes, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, and other conditions
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Cystitis and kidney infections

Cystitis and kidney infection can both be caused by bacteria that originated in a urinary tract infection (UTI) and spread to the bladder or kidneys. These forms of infections, including urinary tract infections (UTIs), are frequently treated with a course of antibiotics. However, several of the probable reasons of antibiotic failure in urinary tract infections (UTIs) are also applicable to these illnesses.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Additionally, common sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, can resemble some of the symptoms associated with urinary tract infections (UTIs). In the event of a STI infection, medications indicated for a urinary tract infection (UTI) are unlikely to be the most effective treatment for the illness. Additional testing should be performed by your doctor if you’ve been suffering UTI-like symptoms that haven’t responded to antibiotic treatment thus far. It’s likely that if you have a urinary tract infection that isn’t responding to antibiotic therapy, you’ll be subjected to more testing, which will likely begin with a urine culture to identify the bacteria that is causing the infection.

If your UTI is caused by another sort of bacteria, fungus, or virus, your doctor will recommend a medication that is more relevant for your situation. Some lifestyle modifications can also help to minimize the frequency of UTIs, as well as the intensity of the symptoms you experience.

  • Make a change in your personal hygiene regimen. It’s possible that making a few little modifications to your hygiene routine may significantly reduce your risk of UTIs. Not holding in your urine, wiping from front to back, and urinating after intercourse are all examples of this. Drink plenty of water. That water is vital for maintaining good urinary health should come as no surprise. A high water consumption can assist in flushing germs from the urinary system, hence minimizing the chance of developing an infection. Increase the amount of cranberry juice you consume. Cranberries are a regularly recommended home remedy for urinary tract infections (UTIs). They can assist in decreasing the likelihood that bacteria will stick to the urinary system, hence decreasing the likelihood of infection
  • Consume a large amount of fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables include significant concentrations of vitamins and minerals, which help to maintain a healthy immune system. Make sure to include fruits and vegetables that are high in vitamin C, since this specific vitamin may help to minimize the risk of UTI. Take a probiotic supplement. Some probiotics, such as Lactobacillus acidophilus, may be beneficial in lowering the incidence of urinary tract infections. Additionally, probiotics can aid in the restoration of healthy bacteria in the body following a course of antibiotics. Take into consideration a supplement. Among the supplements being investigated as potential UTI therapies are cranberry extract and garlic extract, to name a few of examples. Think about including some of these into your daily routine to help minimize the incidence and severity of UTIs

Please keep in mind that these instructions work best for urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder infections (bladder infections), and kidney infections (kidney infections), because all three illnesses are treated in the same way. If you’ve been identified with another underlying ailment that’s causing your symptoms, your therapy will likely be different. According to some study, the frequency of urinary tract infections (UTIs) may be associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer. However, there has only been a limited amount of investigation into this.

In reality, there are two forms of cancer that can cause symptoms similar to UTIs: bladder cancer and prostate cancer, both of which can be fatal.

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer symptoms are very similar to those associated with urinary tract infections (UTIs). These symptoms, on the other hand, will not go away with antibiotic therapy and will instead get more severe as time goes on. Among these signs and symptoms are:

  • Urination is excruciatingly painful
  • Urinating on a regular basis
  • Increased desire to go to the bathroom
  • Urine containing blood
  • Incontinence of the urine bladder
  • Abdominal discomfort or lower back discomfort

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer, like bladder cancer, exhibits a number of symptoms that are similar to urinary tract infections. It is unlikely that prostate cancer will react to antibiotics, and the symptoms can get more severe over time. Symptoms of prostate cancer include, but are not limited to:

  • Erectile dysfunction, frequent urination, a decreased urine flow, blood in the urine, pelvic, lower back, and chest discomfort are all symptoms of kidney disease.

Most urinary tract infections (UTIs) are resolved rapidly with a course of antibiotics, with the majority of UTI symptoms disappearing within a few days. Sometimes, recurrent UTI-like symptoms might be an indication of a more serious problem, such as antibiotic resistance, inappropriate therapy, or an underlying medical condition that requires treatment. You should always consult with your doctor if you are experiencing symptoms of a urinary tract infection (UTI) that do not resolve with antibiotic therapy.

Quality statement 4: Urine culture for adults with a urinary tract infection that does not respond to initial antibiotic treatment

Antibiotics are usually effective in curing most urinary tract infections, with the majority of symptoms disappearing within a few days. Chronic urinary tract infection (UTI)-like symptoms may be an indication of a more serious problem, such as drug resistance, poor treatment, or an underlying medical condition. In the event that you have UTI symptoms that do not improve after receiving antibiotic therapy, it is critical to consult with your doctor.


As a result, some urinary tract infections become resistant to antibiotic treatment, and a urine culture (or a repeat urine culture where an initial urine culture was taken) is required to determine which antibiotic will be effective against the specific strain of bacteria that is causing the urinary tract infection. A urine culture is required in order to suggest a change in antibiotic treatment in patients who do not react to first antibiotic treatment with positive results.

Quality measures

Adults with urinary tract infections who do not respond to first antibiotic therapy should have their urine cultured, according on evidence from the local level of organization.

Local data gathering was used as a source of information.


An investigation on the proportion of episodes of a urinary tract infection that did not respond to first antibiotic therapy was conducted using a urine culture. The number in the denominator that was examined with a urine culture is referred to as the numerator. The number of occurrences of a urinary tract infection that did not respond to first antibiotic therapy is the denominator in this equation. Local data gathering was used as a source of information.

What the quality statement means for different audiences

In order for people with a urinary tract infection who are not responding to first antibiotic therapy to have a urine culture, service providers (such as hospitals, community agencies, and general practitioners) must ensure that systems and referral mechanisms are in place. Health-care workers should ensure that persons with a urinary tract infection who are not responding to first antibiotic therapy have a urine culture taken before proceeding with treatment. Ensure that service requirements with local providers state that persons with a urinary tract infection who are not responding to first antibiotic therapy have a urine culture performed by commissioners (such as clinical commissioning groups).

Definitions of terms used in this quality statement

In the absence of a response to therapy during the agreed-upon follow-up time with the healthcare provider (expert consensus).

Urinary tract infection – How long should I wait to take a urine

Infection of the urinary tract Male, 30 years old, was requested. How long should I wait after taking antibiotics before taking a urine culture test to see if the infection has cleared up or not? Taking nitrofurantoin 100mg twice a day for a total of ten days.

Answers (2)

Do you agree with the answers? Consult with a doctor of your choosing in a confidential setting. After two days, a urine culture should be performed on the patient. Nitrofurantoin has very low half life and it is washed out of your system very rapidly. There’s no need to keep waiting much longer than that. Wishing you the best. This was helpful to 1 out of 1 people. Was this answer of use to you? YESNO

Didn’t find the answer you are looking for?

In only 5 minutes, you may communicate with an experienced doctor online and get your health issues answered. Consult with a doctor right away on the internet. After 2 weeks of not using antibiotics, you can repeat the CUE and URINE CULTURE procedures. Dr. Praveen Kumar Etta is a nephrologist who practices in Hyderabad. Next Stepscue and urine culture are the next steps. Health Suggestions more water should be consumed This was helpful to 1 out of 1 people. Was this answer of use to you? YESNO Disclaimer: The information provided is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment from a licensed healthcare provider.

If you have any questions about your medical condition, you should always seek the counsel of your physician or another certified health expert. Because of whatever you’ve read on this website, you should never dismiss competent medical advice or put off obtaining it altogether.

Kidney and Urinary Problems?

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Tell us what’s troubling you

Disclaimer: The information provided is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment from a licensed healthcare provider. If you have any questions about your medical condition, you should always seek the counsel of your physician or another certified health expert. Because of whatever you’ve read on this website, you should never dismiss competent medical advice or put off obtaining it altogether.

Urinary Tract Infections – Learn How to Spot and Treat Them

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) cause for more than 8.1 million medical visits each year, according to the American Medical Association. Approximately 40% of women and 12% of men will experience the symptoms of at least one urinary tract infection (UTI) during their lives. One in every five young women who has a UTI will develop another one within a year. Men are less likely than women to have a urinary tract infection in the first place. However, if they do acquire one, they are more likely to develop another since the bacterium has a tendency to lurk within the prostate gland.

  1. The 83-year-old grandma has had urinary tract infections (UTIs) for the past 55 years.
  2. After years of battling urinary tract infections, she has finally been able to get things under control.
  3. “I still get them from time to time, especially when I travel,” Nora admits.
  4. When I was a child, I was put in various difficult situations, such as being on a flight and being informed that I couldn’t leave my seat to use the restroom.” Nora’s urologist, Dr.
  5. Schaeffer, stated that she was not to blame for her recurrent urinary tract infections.
  6. “Most older women have germs in their urine that do not produce symptoms and should not be treated,” says Dr.
  7. Nora, on the other hand, experiences UTIs with symptoms.” Bacteria are not found in normal urine.
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The infection usually begins in the bladder, but it has the potential to move to the kidneys.

It has the potential to make you feel as though you need to urinate more frequently.

Additionally, you may experience some burning while your pee is expelled.

Fever and back discomfort are common symptoms of kidney infections.

Having a kidney infection may be extremely dangerous since it can spread fast into the bloodstream and cause death.

Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) are infections that occur in healthy persons who have normal urinary tracts.

According to Dr.

“Men and boys who have UTIs should be seen by a urologist since, unless shown otherwise, we assume they have complex UTIs.” Some people, such as Nora, are more susceptible to urinary tract infections.

The use of condoms containing sperm-killing foam has also been related to an increase in urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women.

This is due to the fact that they impair the body’s immune system function and make it more difficult to fight infections.

Your initial urinary tract infection (UTI) should be evaluated at your doctor’s office.

Bacteria or white blood cells in the urine are the cause of these symptoms.

Schaeffer, but it is required when it comes to women who have recurring uncomplicated UTIs and complex UTIs.

Blood in the urine may be caused by a urinary tract infection (UTI), but it may also be caused by another condition in the urinary system.

Schaeffer recommends.

It is confirmed that a woman has a UTI when she gets a positive culture (which identifies bacteria).

A simple UTI is treated with a short course of oral antibiotics without the need for a urine culture to determine whether or not you have an infection.

In certain cases, you may only need to take one dosage per day, while in others you may need to take up to four doses each day.

However, even if you feel better, you should continue complete the term of medicine that has been recommended for you.

It is critical that you adhere to the doctor’s directions for taking the prescription exactly as they are written.

Schaeffer notes that doing so will help you prevent negative effects while also ensuring that the bacterium does not grow resistant.

If you have a serious urinary tract infection, you may require IV antibiotics.

UTIs will be reduced by 95% as a result of this.

Some doctors may then propose “self-start” therapy.

If you suspect you may be developing an infection, you should do a urine culture at home and begin taking antibiotics right away.

This is how Nora deals with her urinary tract infections.

This way, I’ll be able to acquire it as soon as possible, before things go too terrible.” Dr.

In many cases, they are unhappy to hear that scientific studies have not demonstrated this to be accurate.

For women who are genetically vulnerable to recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), “recurrent infections may be a lifelong problem,” says Dr. Schaeffer. “However, with proper management, the incidence and expense may be kept to a bare minimum.” Symptoms of a urinary tract infection

  • You have a strong need to urinate frequently, yet you are only able to generate little amounts
  • Urination causes burning
  • Abdominal or pelvic ache or discomfort (in men, this pain or discomfort may be felt in the rectum). Urine containing blood (urine is pink, crimson, or cola colored)

Symptoms Your urinary tract infection (UTI) is a KIDNEY INFECTION and must be treated as soon as possible. When Do I Need To See A Health-Care Professional?

  • If you suspect you have a urinary tract infection, contact your health-care provider immediately. Obtain a urine culture from your doctor if you have recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs). A more comprehensive examination or referral to a urologist may be recommended in the event that your UTIs continue to occur often. If you notice blood in your urine, contact your health-care provider as soon as possible.

How Long Should a UTI Last After Antibiotics?

Because UTI symptoms might persist even after the symptoms have subsided, you must complete the whole course of medicines. Most occurrences of simple urinary tract infections (UTIs) will require you to take a 3-day course of antibiotics as well as staying hydrated throughout the procedure. It is possible that some infections will require further treatment for up to 7-10 days. It is possible that your antibiotic course will last up to 2 weeks or more if your UTI is problematic. The length of time it takes to recuperate is determined by the following factors:

  • Identifying the bacterium that is causing the ailment
  • What kind of medication is being utilized
  • Describe your medical history.

Pain and the desire to pee often are two symptoms that may disappear rather fast after taking antibiotics. However, it is critical to complete the whole course of antibiotics to ensure that the infection is entirely eradicated, as the illness might remain in your body for a long period of time.

Why should I take the full course of antibiotics?

Antibiotics begin to operate against the infection very immediately, and you may notice a difference in your symptoms within a few days. Antibiotics, on the other hand, take longer to totally eliminate the bacteria that is causing the infection. Unless you complete your antibiotic treatment, there is a danger that the germs may not be entirely eradicated, which may result in a recurrence of the illness. Alternatively, the bacteria may develop resistance to antibiotics and cease to react to treatment in the future.

Are antibiotics effective against UTI?

Antibiotics are effective in alleviating the symptoms of UTI. Antibiotics, according to one research, made participants feel much better very quickly:

  • It took 1-3 days for the pain and burning to subside. Approximately 60% of the patients saw a resolution of their symptoms after one week.

Within 1-3 days, the pain and burning subsided. Approximately 60% of the individuals had their problems cured within one week.

  • Nausea, diarrhea, acid reflux, headaches, rashes, and itching are all possible side effects.

Can I treat a UTI without antibiotics?

Your doctor is unlikely to offer UTI treatment unless you are also receiving antibiotic medication. Without antibiotic treatment, a bladder infection (cystitis) can progress over time, eventually leading to a more serious kidney infection (pyelonephritis). However, according to one research, minor UTIs may cure on their own without the need for medical intervention. If you have any doubts regarding the severity of your condition, you should consult your doctor about your treatment choices as soon as possible.

Failure to treat the problem swiftly might result in early birth and low birth weight in the baby.

What can cause UTI symptoms to persist after antibiotic therapy?

Most of the time, UTI symptoms go entirely following antibiotic therapy. Symptoms, on the other hand, may persist if:

  • The germs are resistant to the medications that have been provided. It’s possible that an other species of bacterium, fungus, or virus is responsible for the infection. You do not have a UTI
  • Instead, you have another medical ailment. For example, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), uterine prolapse, and overactive bladder can all induce symptoms similar to urinary tract infection (UTI).

Because E coli is the most frequent bacterium that causes urinary tract infections, it is possible that your doctor recommended antibiotics that target E coli without first doing a urine culture. The antibiotic that will be most effective against the bacteria causing the illness should be determined by your doctor in the event that you suffer from recurring UTIs.

A urine culture and sensitivity test should be performed by your doctor in the event that you suffer from recurrent UTIs. In rare circumstances, underlying diseases might mimic the symptoms of a urinary tract infection. They are as follows:

  • Kidney infection, kidney stones, vaginitis, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, and other conditions are all possible.


When it comes to pee, how much does the average adult pass each day? Answer may be found here. On May 28, 2021, a medical review was conducted. WebMD. What You Should Know About Antibiotics for Urinary Tract Infections. The University of California is a public research university in California. Infections of the urinary tract. InformedHealth.org. The Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care is based in Cologne, Germany (IQWiG). Antibiotics are quite effective in the treatment of acute cystitis.

UCF stands for the Urology Care Foundation.

Top Papers Of The Month: Repeat Cultures in UTI?

If you have a urinary tract infection (UTI), do you need to test for cure while you’re on treatment? Every year in our nation, UTI is diagnosed and treated in a large number of children under the age of 18; some of these children are admitted to hospitals as a result. The urine cultures of the affected youngsters are positive, and they are treated with antibiotics. Is it required to demonstrate that an infection has been healed by performing a urine culture after 48 hours of therapy to ensure that the infection has been cured?

  1. The researchers conducted a retrospective chart analysis of 328 individuals under the age of 19 who were admitted to the hospital with urinary tract infection (UTI) over a six-year period.
  2. Those who had a positive urine culture on admission and a repeat culture done 2 to 3 days later were included in the study, according to the authors.
  3. Only one of the 328 patients had a positive second urine culture, out of the total of 328.
  4. The UTI was treated with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) for the UTI.
  5. After 2 days of therapy with a second-generation cephalosporin, the results of the repeat culture were negative, indicating that the medicine was effective.
  6. According to the same recommendations, if a patient between the ages of 2 months and 2 years does not react as predicted, a second urine culture should be conducted.
  7. Tests for the cure of urinary tract infections (UTIs) are still routinely performed.
  8. If the technique was justified by a medical necessity, these side effects may be justified as well.
  9. It is critical for clinicians to be aware of shifting antibiotic resistance trends in order to ensure that the antibiotic prescribed is effective.

If the patient’s condition does not improve as a result of antibiotic medication, a repeat culture may be performed. Conclusion: For the vast majority of children with UTI, a repeat culture is not required to demonstrate that the infection has been treated.

UTIs & Urine Bacteria in Aging: How to Know When Antibiotics Are Needed

Q: An elderly acquaintance, who is in her 90s, has been experiencing bacteria in her urine but has not shown any signs of illness. Due to her continued urinary infection after treatment with antibiotics, the doctor prescribed chronic antibiotics and sent her to urology for further evaluation and treatment. What can be done if an older woman has germs in her urine but no signs or symptoms of illness or disease? Is it possible to benefit from an urological consultation? A: I think this is a fantastic question.

Asymptomatic bacteriuria is something that every elderly person and family caregiver should be aware of.

  • It is quite frequent among older folks. According to estimates, this disorder affects around 20% of women over the age of 80, and it also affects older men. It is more prevalent in older people
  • The older the individual, the more common it is.
  • It’s frequently mistaken for a urinary tract infection (UTI) (UTI). This can result in antibiotic therapy that is unneeded — and even hazardous
  • If this happens,
  • Antibiotics are rarely used in the treatment of this condition. As I’ll discuss further below, research has shown that treating asymptomatic bacteriuria does not result in individuals living better or longer lives. It is possible that this type of therapy is harmful: According to one study, medication increased the likelihood of subsequent (actual) UTIs as well as the likelihood of infection with antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
  • In order to address this illness, it is normal practice for elders to be given antibiotics that are not necessary. Part of the reason for this is because identifying between this disease and a true UTI cannot be accomplished just via the use of a urine test. Instead, health care practitioners must take the time to speak with the patient — or with the patient’s family caregiver — and inquire as to whether any symptoms are present. The importance of this step cannot be overstated in a hectic clinical atmosphere.
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Shortly put, this is another another one of those typical aging health conditions that may be easily handled unless older persons and family caregivers are aware of the importance of asking further questions. Asymptomatic bacteriuria should not be treated with antibiotics, according to the Infectious Disease Society of America’s number one “Choosing Wisely” advice. This is due to the high frequency with which antibiotics are provided incorrectly for this illness. This guideline is also included on the Choosing Wisely list created by the American Geriatrics Society.

This will save you — and your elderly loved ones — the expense and inconvenience of unneeded tests and antibiotic treatment.

  • What is asymptomatic bacteriuria and how does it manifest itself
  • What is the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria
  • How to distinguish between asymptomatic bacteriuria and a urinary tract infection
  • Why asymptomatic bacteriuria does not generally necessitate the use of antibiotics

Final thoughts are some practical suggestions for older persons and their family caregivers who are concerned about urinary tract infections (UTIs) and/or germs in the urine.

What is asymptomatic bacteriuria?

Asymptomatic bacteriuria refers to the presence of considerable amounts of bacteria in the urine but the absence of any clinical symptoms of inflammation or illness. In other words, a positive urine culture will be obtained in the case of asymptomatic bacteriuria. It follows that if your healthcare practitioner collects a urine sample and sends it to a clinical laboratory for incubation, a significant amount of bacteria will develop within 1-2 days of the sample being taken. This is referred to as bacterial “colonization” of the bladder when bacteria are present in the bladder but do not cause an inflammatory response to occur.

How common is asymptomatic bacteriuria?

In elderly persons, asymptomatic bacteriuria is more prevalent than many people — including professional doctors — may realize:

  • The prevalence of this illness may be as high as 20% in women over the age of 80. In healthy males over the age of 75, 6-15 percent have been shown to carry bacteria, despite the fact that they do not have UTI symptoms. It has been shown that up to 50% of nursing home patients may have asymptomatic bacteriuria, according to studies.

This disorder affects 2-7 percent of premenopausal women as well as persons with diabetes, and it is more frequent in those with diabetes. In part, this is due to changes in the immune system, which tends to become less strong as individuals age or grow frailer.

Asymptomatic bacteriuria becomes more prevalent as people become older, in part because it is associated with changes in the immune system. According to research, asymptomatic bacteriuria in older persons can occasionally resolve on its own, but it can also recur or continue in some cases.

How to tell the difference between asymptomatic bacteriuria and a UTI

By definition, there should be no UTI symptoms present in the case of asymptomatic bacteriuria. Urinary tract infection (UTI) can cause the signs and symptoms listed below.

  • By definition, there should be no signs or symptoms of UTI in the case of asymptomatic bacteriuria. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is associated with the following signs and symptoms.

(What about pee that is “cloudy” or “foul-smelling?” The absence of additional symptoms does not provide compelling evidence that this is a reliable method of identifying a potential UTI. Check out this article: “Cloudy, foul-smelling urine is not a diagnostic indicator for urinary tract infection in older adults.” A urine dipstick may be abnormal whether or not an older person has a clinical UTI, in part because certain aberrant readings that are suggestive of UTI may in reality just represent bacterial colonization of the bladder.

Symptoms are very required!

(That “confusion” would be referred to as delirium.) This is especially true for elders who are weak, elderly, or suffering from Alzheimer’s disease or another kind of dementia.

When an older individual with asymptomatic bacteriuria displays evidence of delirium but no other indicators of a urinary tract infection, experts are arguing whether it is acceptable to treat them for a suspected urinary tract infection.

Why asymptomatic bacteriuria usually doesn’t warrant antibiotics

Antibiotic treatment for asymptomatic bacteriuria does not appear to enhance health outcomes in the vast majority of persons, according to the findings of clinical investigations. Except for pregnant women and males preparing to undergo urological treatments, screening for and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria are recommended for everyone. A clinical research study conducted in 2015 discovered that treating asymptomatic bacteriuria in women was related with a significantly increased risk of having a urinary tract infection (UTI) later on, and that these UTIs were more likely to be caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

  • This ailment continues to receive incorrect treatment despite the professional agreement that antibiotics are not necessary in this situation.
  • In terms of treating or managing urinary bacteria, does cranberries have a place?
  • Quality clinical research has not been able to demonstrate that cranberry is useful for this purpose, despite several attempts.
  • However, there was no difference in the number of bacteria or white blood cells found in their urine as a result of this.

It’s Time to Move On,” which summarized many other studies on cranberry for the prevention of UTI and concluded: “The evidence is convincing that cranberry products should not be recommended as a medical intervention for the prevention of urinary tract infections.” An individual has the option, of course, to utilize cranberry juice or pills for whatever purpose she or he sees fit.

Clinicians that support this type of behavior are doing a disservice to their patients.” A 2012 systematic evaluation of high-quality research studies on the use of cranberries for UTI prevention came to the same conclusion: cranberry products did not appear to be beneficial.

In light of the fact that cranberries are unlikely to cause harm to older persons, I have no objections to an older person or family caregiver wishing to consume them. However, I do not recommend it in any way whatsoever.

Practical tips on urine bacteria and possible UTIs in older adults

What should you do if you are concerned about germs in your urine or a suspected urinary tract infection (UTI) in light of this information? Here are some recommendations for older persons and their families:

  • It is important to understand that asymptomatic bacteriuria is widespread among older persons.
  • Asymptomatic bacteriuria is characterized by the presence of positive urine cultures despite the fact that the patient seems to be in good health.
  • It is important to understand that treating asymptomatic bacteriuria will not help and may even cause damage.
  • It is futile to try to “eradicate” germs from the bladder unless you are experiencing symptoms. Studies have shown that doing so raises your chance of developing a true UTI in the future, as well as your likelihood of becoming infected with bacteria that are resistant to medicines. Antibiotic therapy has a negative impact on the “good bacteria” in your stomach and other parts of your body. Research to better understand the function of the body’s normal bacteria (the “microbiota”) is still continuing, but preliminary findings show that changing the body’s microorganisms might have serious consequences. As a result, you should avoid using antibiotics unless there is a compelling reason to do so.
  • To try to “eradicate” germs from the bladder is ineffective unless you are experiencing symptoms. Studies have shown that doing so increases your chance of developing a true UTI in the future, as well as your likelihood of becoming infected with bacteria that are resistant to medications, Aside from the “bad bacteria” in your stomach and other parts of the body, antibiotic therapy has a negative impact on them. Despite the fact that research to better understand the role of the body’s typical bacteria (the “microbiota”) is still underway, it appears that disturbing the body’s bacteria may have serious consequences in the long run. Consequently, unless there is a compelling need to do so, antibiotics should not be used.
  • Some healthcare practitioners will do a urine culture “just to be sure” that they are not dealing with UTI. Sometimes patients and their families express a desire to do so. The problem with this approach is that all you may accomplish is discover evidence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (which then has a propensity to be treated incorrectly with antibiotics)
  • A urine test for a probable urinary tract infection (UTI) should only be performed if an older person is having symptoms, according to experts. If a health care professional recommends a urine test and you are not experiencing signs of a urinary tract infection, find out why the test is being recommended.

If you are providing care for an older adult who has dementia or is otherwise prone to delirium, you should consider the following:

  • Recognize that it might be difficult to detect whether or not a person is suffering symptoms of a urinary tract infection.
  • Attempting to do so before doing a urine culture or treating any germs discovered in the urine is still recommended by the experts.

You should be aware that increasing confusion alone (in the absence of a fever or other indications of a urinary tract infection) may not be sufficient justification to treat a nursing home patient for a suspected urinary tract infection (UTI).

  • This argument is explained in detail by a geriatrician in this quite fascinating article: UTI—Another Heavyweight’s Funeral
  • “Urinary Tract Infection”—Another Heavyweight’s Funeral

The following are the advantages and disadvantages of treating asymptomatic bacteriuria in an elderly woman with 90 years of age: Benefits: Antibiotic therapy has not been shown to be beneficial in those who do not have clinical indications of a urinary tract infection. Burdens: Antibiotics are expensive and increase the number of pills a person must take. A danger of side effects, interactions with other drugs, hurting your body’s “good bacteria,” and the development of an illness that is resistant to antibiotics exists with the use of antibiotics.

  • That’s all there is to it.
  • And before you spend time chasing an urological consultation, be sure you get all of your questions answered.
  • As a result, inquire with your physicians about the possibility of asymptomatic bacteriuria.
  • (Unless you’re going to undergo a urological operation, in which case you shouldn’t.) You may even forward these peer-reviewed articles to your colleagues:
  • Approach to a Positive Urine Culture in a Patient Without Urinary Symptoms
  • Diagnosis and Management of Urinary Tract Infection in Older Adults
  • Diagnosis and Management of Urinary Tract Infection in Children. UTI—Another Heavyweight’s Funeral
  • “Urinary Tract Infection”—Another Heavyweight’s Funeral

Is there anything you’d want to know about germs in the urine of older adults? Have you ever been treated for a shady urinary tract infection? Please share your thoughts and questions in the comments section below!

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