- 1 Who Made America?
- 2 history of film – Edison and the Lumière brothers
- 3 11 Objects that Changed the World
- 4 Thomas Edison
- 5 Thomas Edison’s Inventions in the 1900s and Today: From “New” to You!
- 6 Activity 2. Technology in 1900
- 7 Activity 3. Thomas Edison’s Life and Inventions
- 8 Activity 4. Edison in Your Home
Who Made America?
|1847, Milan, OH1931, Llewellyn Park, NJThe first light bulbs lasted a mere 150 hours.Edison introduced one that lasted 1,200 hours. Today the average light bulb lasts approximately 1,500 hours.Photos: (left) Edison National Historic Site; (right) Schenectady Museum||The Science of InnovationThe “Wizard of Menlo Park” brought the world electric light, recorded music, and the movies, among other things, and turned innovation into a science by inventing the research laboratory.Years of ChangeBorn in 1847, Edison would witness tremendous change during his lifetime. He would also instigate many of those changes. At age 12, he began work as a train boy on a Michiganrailroad. That newfangled conveyance brought with it thetelegraph, and soon young Edison, whose hearing was deteriorating, found work as a telegraph operator. The self-taught boy set up a mobile chemistry lab and printing press, and tinkered with telegraphy instruments, his lifelong habit of experimentation firmly in place. Over his career, Edison would successfully patent a record 1,093 inventions in the United States – more than double the number of his closest competitor,George Westinghouse.Life-Changing InventionsEdison invented or refined devices that made a profound impact on how people lived. The most famous of his inventions was the incandescent light bulb (1878), which would revolutionize indoor lighting and forever separate light from fire. He also developed the phonograph (1877), the central power station (1881), the motion-picture studio (1892) and system for making and showing motion pictures (1893), and alkaline storage batteries (1901). Edison improved upon the original designs of the stock ticker, the telegraph, andAlexander Graham Bell’stelephone. He was one of the first to explore X-rays, and in 1875, he announced his observation of “etheric force” -radio waves- although his claim would be rejected by the scientific community.The Business of InnovationAside from being an inventor, Edison was also a successful manufacturer and businessman, marketing his inventions to the public. In 1876, the year of the Americancentennial, he opened his first full-scale industrial research laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey. It combined electrical and chemical laboratories with a machine shop. By 1880, his hand-picked staff was developing commercial electrical lighting components, and Edison opened a factory to produce them. Within seven years, there were 121 Edison central power stations across the country, each obliged to buy Edison components. For financial security, he sold a share of the business to banker J. P. Morgan, renaming his company the Edison General Electric Company. In 1892, following another merger, Edison would get out of the electricity business, and his loyal assistant,Samuel Insull, would head to Chicago to make his own name in power delivery.ComplicationsThe inventor’s life was not always easy. A myriad of business liaisons, partnerships, and corporations occupied Edison, and his legal battles were continuous. He also erred at times – for instance, when he bet ondirect-current(DC) power systems instead of the alternating-current (AC) being touted by George Westinghouse. Yet Edison maintained a positive outlook. Of his failed attempts at the light bulb, he said, “They taught something that I didn’t know. They taught me what direction to move in.”In tribute to this unique individual, Americans dimmed their electric lights for one minute on October 21, 1931, a few days after his death.|
history of film – Edison and the Lumière brothers
The phonograph was created by Thomas Edison in 1877, and it swiftly rose to become the most popular home entertainment item of the twentieth century. In order to offer a visual accompaniment to the phonograph, Edison enlisted the help of Dickson, a young laboratory assistant, who was tasked with developing a motion-picture camera. Dickson, building on the work of Muybridge and Marey, united the two last requirements of motion-picture recording and viewing technology in his invention of the motion picture camera.
Dickson’s camera, the Kinetograph, was capable of imprinting up to 50 feet (15 metres) of celluloid film at a rate of around 40 frames per second when it was first introduced.
- In 1888, Laurie Dickson and Thomas Edison were photographed together.
- There were many other people working on the challenge of recording and recreating moving pictures at the same time that Dickson did.
- In reality, other European innovators, notably the Englishman William Friese-Greene, filed patent applications for different cameras, projectors, and camera-projector combinations at the same time as or even before Edison and his collaborators.
- In 1894, a kinetoscope was used to record Fred Ott sneezing.
- The division is responsible for the preservation of motion pictures, broadcasts, and recorded sound.
- Because Edison had initially envisioned motion pictures as an accessory to his phonograph, he did not commission the construction of a projector to go along with the Kinetograph, which was released in 1895.
- Beginning in 1894, Kinetoscopes were sold commercially by the business of Raff and Gammon for between $250 and $300 per piece, depending on the model.
The Edison Company’s Kinetoscope studio was a single-room structure known as the “Black Maria,” which rotated on tracks to follow the sun.
Admission to a bank of five machines in the parlor cost 25 cents per person.
The Bettmann Archive is a collection of photographs and documents from the Bettmann family.
In the absence of international patent protection for either his camera or viewing device, Edison’s inventions were widely and legally copied throughout Europe, where they were modified and improved to a degree that far exceeded the original American designs.
Theircinématographe, which served as a camera, printer, and projector in addition to other functions, operated at a cost-effective frame rate of 16 frames per second.
Thecinematographe, in contrast to the Kinetograph, which was powered by batteries and weighed more than 1,000 pounds (453 kg), was hand-cranked, lightweight (less than 20 pounds), and reasonably portable.
Although the videos themselves were constructed of a single unedited shot emphasizing natural movement, the films themselves included little or no narrative substance in both of these instances.
Aside from the fact that the Lumières deployed their cameramen throughout the world in quest of exotic subjects, thecinematographealso became the foundational tool of faraway theatres in places like Russia, Australia, and Japan during the early days of the cinematic revolution.
In early 1896, Raff and Gammon persuaded Edison to purchase the rights to a state-of-the-art projector, developed byThomas Armatof Washington, D.C., which included a superiorintermittent movement mechanism and a loop-forming device (known as theLatham loop, after its earliest promoters, Grey Latham and Otway Latham) to reduce film breakage, and Edison began manufacturing and marketing this machine as his own invention in the It was on April 23, 1896, at Koster and Bial’s Music Hall in New York City when the EdisonVitascope made its first public demonstration, introducing projection to the United States and establishing a standard format for cinema presentation in the United States for the following several decades.
- Additionally, it encouraged the activities of successful Edison competitors such as the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, which was founded in 1896 to exploit the Mutoscope peep-show device as well as the American Biograph camera and projector, both of which were patented by W.K.L.
- During this phase, which has been referred to as the “novelty period,” the focus was placed on the projection mechanism itself, and films gained the majority of their appeal as stand-alone vaudeville shows.
- Short films were provided by the producer or maker, who also provided an operator and a program of shorts.
- Vitascope Advertisement for the Vitascope, invented by Thomas Edison.
Manufacturers, however, began to sell both projectors and films to itinerant exhibitors who traveled with their programs from one temporary location (vaudeville theaters, fairgrounds, circus tents, lyceums, etc.) to another as the novelty of their films wore off at a given location starting around 1897.
- In fact, the putting together of these programs, which frequently included narration as well as sound effects and music, was a rudimentary type of editing, and it is reasonable to treat the itinerant projectionists operating between 1896 and 1904 as the first directors of motion pictures.
- Porter, were recruited to work as directors by production firms once the industry had stabilized throughout the first decade of the twentieth century.
- The theatrograph (later known as theanimatograph) was the first projector in the world, and it was shown in 1896 by Robert W.
- In 1899, Paul founded his own production firm for the creation of actualities and trick films.
Within a few years of each other between 1896 and 1898, two Brighton photographers named George Albert Smith and James Williamson built their own motion-picture cameras and began making trick films, including superimpositions (The Corsican Brothers, 1897) and interpolated close-up shots (Grandma’s Reading Glass and The Big Swallow), among other things.
1906–08), while Williamson experimented with parallel editing as early as 1900 (Invasion of the Chinese Mission Station) and went on to establish himself as a pioneer of the chase film (Stop Thief!, 1901; Fire!, 1901).
Similarly, Cecil Hepworth, whoseRescued by Rover(1905) is widely regarded as the most skillfully edited narrative produced before D.W. Griffith’s Biograph shorts, was another important early British filmmaker of note.
11 Objects that Changed the World
Invented by Henry Ford in 1896, the Ford Quadricycle Runabout was the world’s first automobile built by him. Ford, Henry (1863-1947) Digital Collections is the original source. It’s a safe bet that when you think of artifacts that have transformed the world, the wheel is one of the first things that comes to mind. Yes, the wheel aided in transportation and agriculture, and it altered the landscape for all time to come. The question is, what are the other technologies that receive a bit less attention, but that have had an equally profound impact on our lives?
- (1/1) is the arrowhead.
- the arrowhead (figuratively speaking) Our Stone Age forefathers were the first to sharpen metal into points, about 65,000 years ago.
- To successfully hunt and gather using arrowheads, a multi-stage process of planning, material collecting, and tool preparation was necessary.
- Arrowheads also represent the capacity of humans to create artifacts that allowed them to adapt to a wide variety of conditions as they spread throughout the world during the course of their evolution.
- Jerusalem’s Israel Museum is a must-see.
- We can assume that once our forefathers began to establish themselves in a territory, they began creating masks in order to define and defend their territory.
- Tablet in cuneiform containing a portion of the Nabonidus Chronicle (556-530 BC) (-299/-100) on it.
This tablet, which is part of a series, chronicles the period from Nabonidus’ ascension in 556 BCE until the early 530s BCE.
The writing methods utilized by the ancient civilizations, as well as their progression from pictograms to script, are demonstrated through cuneiform tablet art.
We also would not have known about the Mesopotamian Epic of Gilgamesh, which is considered to be the first major epic of world literature and in which the hero (Gilgamesh) confronts monsters and his own demons in a quest for immortality.
NailConsider the prospect of constructing anything today without the use of a nail.
How did they manage to pull it off?
However, it was only via the casting and shaping of metal into the little, sharp points that we know today as nails that the Romans were able to eventually build more substantial foundations.
Brass The Planispheric Astrolabe (0984/0985) by Hamid ibn al-Khidr al-Khujandi (Iran or Iraq, 10th century) is a kind of astronomical instrument.
The fifth item is an astronomical instrument.
The astrolabe, which is more sophisticated than a compass, was developed in the Islamic realm around 800 CE and introduced to Spain in the 12th century.
Johann Gutenberg’s Biblia Latina (1454/1455) was published in 1454/1455.
Gutenberg Press (number six) Almost 180 copies of the Bible were printed over the course of three years in 1455 by Johann Gutenberg, a German blacksmith, goldsmith, and printer (the term “mass” printing is relative – he printed almost 180 copies over the course of three years, which is a small number today, but astounding for his time!).
Among the most significant inventions of the second millennium, Gutenberg’s moveable type printing press is regarded as the most significant of the modern era, having marked the beginning of the modern era: it ushered in the Printing Revolution and had an impact on the development of the Renaissance, Reformation, and the Age of Enlightenment.
Not bad for a single man’s lifetime of effort!
Jacquard Weaving Machine After being invented in 1801, the jacquard loom revolutionized the weaving industry by serving as a precursor to what is now known as “computerization.” The loom was operated by feeding “punch cards” (cards having holes in them, similar to the 0s and 1s of computer code) into the mechanism, which moved the levers as a result.
- In fact, some of the early computers, such as the 1944 IBM, received program instructions on paper tape that had been punctured with holes.
- The Cinematograph (number 8) What would life be like if movies like The Godfather and Ghostbusters didn’t exist?
- We owe a debt of gratitude to the Lumiere brothers and their 1894 “cinematograph” for the amusement we enjoy today.
- Everything else is, as they say, history.
- The Deutsches Museum is a museum in Berlin, Germany.
- An incandescent light bulb Thomas Edison invented the first commercially viable electric light on October 21, 1879 (just in time for Halloween), making him the most famous inventor in history.
- The most difficult component for Edison and his colleagues was coming up with a filament that was both long-lasting and affordable.
Boeing 707 (1958-10) by Joe Scherschel LIFE Photo Collection 10.
The airplane made possible a whole new kind of movement and led to a change in the way we understand the Earth.
Whereas trains afforded travelers the luxury of looking out of the window as the countryside rolled by, the Boeing 314 PanAm plane that ran across North Atlantic, South Atlantic and the Pacific (the route was inaugurated in 1939) was about the travel experience and the destination.
Ibm Story (1962) by Robert W Kelley LIFE Photo Collection 11.
People were still dubious about the computer’s potential, but IBM was a well-known, and reassuring name.
A time before computers is still in living memory, but there is no doubt that the computer has expanded-and will continue to expand-the human intellect in ways that we are only starting to comprehend.
Think about your daily life: what would you do without a knife?
While the arrowhead has been a part of human life for about 65,000 years, the computer has only been a part of our lives for a couple of decades now.
Credits are due to all of the media. The narrative that appears on this page may have been generated by an independent third party and may not always reflect the opinions of the institutions that have provided the content, which are indicated below. Stories from these anthologies are presented here.
With the development of the electric light, Thomas Alva Edison changed the course of history. The world could still be a gloomy place if he didn’t come around. The electric light, on the other hand, was not his sole innovation. In addition, he invented the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and over 1,200 other devices throughout his lifetime. He produced something fresh around every two weeks. Thomas A. Edison was born on February 11, 1847, in Milan, Ohio, to Thomas and Mary Edison. When he was seven years old, his family relocated to the city of Port Huron, Michigan.
- Thomas had some instruction from his mother, who had previously worked as a teacher, but he was primarily self-taught.
- When he was 12 years old, he was offered his first employment opportunity.
- To enable him to continue his research in his spare time, he set up a laboratory in the baggage car of the train he was traveling on.
- Because of an accident that occurred on the baggage car’s floor, Thomas was terminated from his position.
- In 1868, he received his first patent for a vote recorder that was powered by electricity.
- In 1870, he sold another invention, a stock ticker, for $40,000, which was a record at the time.
- As a result, he was able to construct his first business in Newark, New Jersey.
It allowed him to keep talks brief so that he could devote more time to his work.
He worked so hard at times that his wife had to remind him to take a break and eat something healthy.
He left behind a slew of technologies that have enhanced the standard of living throughout the world.
and Walworth, M.) (1979).
Gallaudet University is located in Washington, DC.
Vivion Smith and Ellen Beck revised the original version.
Thomas Edison’s Inventions in the 1900s and Today: From “New” to You!
In the first part of the lesson, write the term “technology” on the board or on a flip chart and ask students to describe what they mean by it. Request that multiple students search up the word in print or online dictionaries such as WWWebster.com, which may be accessible through the EDSITEment-reviewed website Internet Public Library Kidspace after the group has had a chance to create their own meanings. The class should discuss the many components of the term and come up with a single definition to be learned and used by the entire class.
- Technology may also be divided into two categories: items that provide assistance to people and products that provide entertainment to people.
- The second part of the lesson requires students to have theirPersonal Technology Surveyin front of them and to volunteer to give examples of technology that they have in their homes; their replies should be written on the board or on a flip chart.
- Instruct the group to identify the most commonly used kinds of technology in their homes by counting the number of checkmarks next to each item on a list of options.
- Make a copy of the Useful and Fun Technology Chart, which is available in.pdf format, and give it to each student.
- You might assign this assignment to students in pairs or small groups, depending on their abilities.
Activity 2. Technology in 1900
Introduce the second lesson by stating that the students will be learning about what life and technology were like in America over a hundred years ago, and how they may apply this knowledge to their own lives. As a starting point, you may encourage students to brainstorm, either in small groups or as a whole group, about what they believe life and technology were like in the early 1900s. Students’ replies should be written on the board or on a flip chart. This activity would be enjoyable in a small group setting as well!
- History for Kids – Technology in 1900, which can be found through the EDSITEment-recommended website The Internet Public Library-Youth Division.
- If the students are utilizing the website, instruct them to ignore questions 8, 9, 10, 11, and 13.
- You may also make a comparison between the realities of the interview and the students’ assumptions about what technology would be like in the early twentieth century.
- Alternatively, you may ask them to select three or four questions from the interview and respond to those questions from their own perspective.
- The quality and range of music that the phonograph could play, on the other hand, were not particularly impressive.
- There are also more sorts of music to pick from these days, including country, pop, and classical music.
- Others might want to listen to music on an MP3 player.
Activity 3. Thomas Edison’s Life and Inventions
Introduce this lesson by informing students that the man responsible for the majority of the innovations discussed in the Max Morath interview is Thomas Alva Edison, and that they will be learning about his life and inventions throughout this lesson. It is possible to read an accessible biography of Edison’s life online at ” The Life of Thomas Edison ” onInventors at About.com, which may be accessed through the EDSITEment-reviewed website The Internet Public Library Kidspace.
In order to demonstrate understanding, students should read through the selection and answer the following questions:
- When was Edison’s birthday? Describe the environment in which Edison received his schooling. Do you believe that this type of instruction was widespread in the late 1800s? What is the difference between Edison’s schooling and your education
- What was Edison’s age when he first started working? When did he decide to go out on his own for the first time? How come so many boys left home at such young ages to work during Edison’s time period, do you think? Describe how Edison used to spend his spare time. Was Edison able to take use of his position as a telegraph operator? What was Edison’s very first commercially successful invention? What were the two most significant events that occurred for Edison in 1871
- What was Menlo Park
- Edison’s second important innovation was the tin foil phonograph, which was developed in Menlo Park. What did it accomplish
- What contributions did Edison make to the development of electric lighting
As soon as students have finished the reading assignment, go over the three inventions mentioned in the article—the stock ticker, the tin foil phonograph, and the incandescent light—and ask them to categorize them as either technology that helps people or technology that entertains people by writing the name of each invention in the space under “Product” on their charts from lesson 1. Next, visit ” The Innovations of Thomas Edison ” onInventors at About.com, which may be reached through the EDSITEment-reviewed website The Internet Public Library Kidspace, which features a second page devoted to Thomas Edison’s inventions.
This version includes the names of the inventions followed by a brief description of how they work.
Students should use their charts to categorize each creation after they have read and discussed it briefly.
Activity 4. Edison in Your Home
Please have students return their personal technology surveys to school and write a list of all of the products in their houses that are current counterparts of Edison innovations, such as lights, iPods, mobile devices, and iPads. This will serve as a prelude to the remainder of the lecture in class. Inquire with the class about current copies of Edison’s innovations that they have in their homes. Students’ replies should be written on the board or on a flip chart. Individually, invite students to respond to the following questions in a brief essay:
- When it comes to technology, how do you believe Thomas Edison improved the quality of people’s lives in the early 1900s? Consider how the inventions of Thomas Edison have influenced the quality of your life today.
To recap the lesson, have the group discuss their replies. Students can work individually or in small groups to construct vivid graphical timelines depicting the progression of Edison’s innovations by drawing or using photos from the internet and periodicals. Students can work individually or in small groups. Pictures of Edison’s creations may be viewed on all of the pages cited in this lesson, as well as on the Edison website. **As an illustration, consider the following: Edison cylinder phonograph»Edison disc phonograph»record player»CD player.