- 1 Anthro Chapter 2 Flashcards
- 2 Which process is most responsible for the existence of international culture?
- 3 Which process is most responsible for the existence of international culture?
- 4 What are cultural particularities quizlet?
- 5 Which of the following are not examples of a subculture?
- 6 Which of the following is example of subculture?
- 7 What sociologists call a subculture?
- 8 Is technology what sociologists call a subculture?
- 9 What is the process of adapting borrowed cultural traits?
- 10 Which of the following is a cultural universal?
- 11 Is the knowledge and tools people use to manipulate their environment?
- 12 What are some examples of mores?
- 13 What is folkways and examples?
- 14 What are folkways 2 examples?
- 15 anthropology
- 16 Overview
Anthro Chapter 2 Flashcards
The process of enculturation is the process through which persons become accepted as members of a culture. Which of the following claims regarding enculturation is untrue in this context? Enculturation is the interchange of cultural characteristics that occurs when two or more groups come into constant personal contact over a period of time. Anthropologists are unanimous in their belief that cultural learning is unique to humans and that all people are culturally literate. They also adhere to a notion known as the “psychic unity of man,” which was first articulated in the nineteenth century.
Despite the fact that people differ in their emotional and intellectual capacities, all human communities have the same capacity for cultural expression.
According to historian Leslie White, culture began when our forefathers learned to communicate via the use of symbols.
It is something verbal or nonverbal that, within a certain language or culture, comes to stand for something else and becomes recognized as such.
- What exactly do anthropologists mean when they claim that culture is shared amongst people?
- Because of the importance that American society places on the notion of the individual, people in the United States frequently have difficulty comprehending the influence of culture.
- People must eat, but culture instructs us on what to eat, when to consume it, and how to prepare it.
- A large number of anthropologists have conducted fieldwork among the Ariaal, a pastoralist group in northern Kenya, since the 1970s.
- It is noted that anthropologists use white lotion to their exceedingly white skin to protect it from the sun, and that they frequently wear short pants to show off their legs and boots, among other things.
- It is considered maladaptive when cultural features, habits, and inventions endanger the group’s ability to reproduce and survive, and hence its very existence, as a result of their introduction.
- It is believed that this period relates to the first toolmakers whose goods have been discovered in the archaeological record.
In order to stress the evolutionary origins of culture Many aspects of human nature are influenced by the fact that our primate forefathers lived in trees.
Although the incest taboo is universally recognized throughout cultures, the notion of what constitutes incest differs greatly from one to another.
Which of the following is an example of a cultural universal?
The arbitrary nature of the symbol What exactly are cultural peculiarities?
with the exception of cultural analysis that seeks to draw distinctions between cultures What is the most important process that has contributed to the existence of international culture?
Which of the following statements regarding subcultures is untrue?
Of the following claims regarding culture, which one is not correct?
They consider themselves to be whalers, and they continue to link themselves spiritually with whales, as evidenced by the fact that they dwell near the mouth of the Strait of Juan de Fuca on the Olympic Peninsula.
The inclination to see one’s own culture as superior to others, as well as to employ one’s own norms and ideals in assessing others, is referred to as superiority complex.
It asserts that in order to truly comprehend another culture, we must make an effort to grasp how the people of that culture perceive the world.
Individuals do not have cultural rights; rather, they are vested in organizations.
This means that they are not subject to abridgement or termination by governments.
In order to do this, which of the following methods of cultural change is responsible?
As an illustration of independent innovation, which is the process by which individuals in various civilizations have innovated and developed in comparable but independent ways, which of the following is an example?
Culture is a product of human innovation.
Culture is passed down from generation to generation in society.
Anthropologists recognize a notion that was coined in the nineteenth century and referred to as “the psychological oneness of mankind.” This indicates that, despite the fact that individuals differ in their emotional and intellectual dispositions and capacities, all human groups have the same capacity for cultural expression and transmission.
- Once an individual has been enculturated, he or she is required to follow the cultural laws that govern that particular society.
- However, whereas cultural talents have a biological foundation, they do not have an evolutionary foundation.
- Hunting is a distinctively human behavior that is not shared by apes or other primates.
- A person can only engage in one level of culture at a time, despite the fact that there are many distinct levels of culture.
- Cultural relativists think that a culture should be assessed only on the basis of the norms and traditions of that culture, rather than on the basis of the standards and traditions of other cultures.
- Making moral judgements or taking action is not impossible while using a methodological relativism approach.
- Diffusion is a critical factor in the transmission of cultural characteristics around the world.
- Independent invention happens when two or more cultures separately come up with answers to a shared problem that are comparable to one another’s ideas.
- Indigenous cultures are at the mercy of globalization’s pressures, since they are powerless to prevent challenges to their cultural identity, autonomy, and livelihood from occurring.
Modern modes of transportation and communication have made the process of globalization easier to manage and accelerate.
Which process is most responsible for the existence of international culture?
- Which of the following processes is most responsible for the existence of international culture? Cultural particularities quizlet
- What are cultural particularities? The following are instances of subcultures that are not to be found
- Which of the following is an example of a subcultural group
- This is what sociologists refer to as a subculture. What sociologists refer to as a “subculture” is what technology is. What is the procedure for adopting cultural features that have been borrowed
- Which of the following is a global cultural concept? is the body of information and instruments that humans employ to alter their surroundings
- For example, what are some instances of mores? What are folkways, and what are some instances
- What are some instances of folkways 2
Which process is most responsible for the existence of international culture?
What is the most important process that has contributed to the development of international culture? Cultural borrowing or spread, whether direct or by coercion, is defined as follows:
What are cultural particularities quizlet?
The characteristics that distinguish certain cultural traditions from others are referred to as cultural particularities. Cultural activities that are exclusive to a given culture are referred to as ” cultural particulars.”
Which of the following are not examples of a subculture?
There is no such thing as a subculture among the Navajo in the American Southwest.
Which of the following is example of subculture?
Hippies, goths, bikers, and skinheads are just a few examples of different subcultures. Subcultures are a notion that has emerged in sociology and cultural studies throughout the years. Subcultures differ from countercultures in a number of ways.
What sociologists call a subculture?
However, even if they are members of a subcultureband, they still identify with and engage in the greater society in which they live. Contra cultures, which are a sort of subculture that opposes certain norms and values of the wider society, are distinguished by sociologists.
Is technology what sociologists call a subculture?
Answered by a subject matter expert Technology is what sociologists refer to as the combination of things and norms in some cases, according to the literature. The correct response is option B. In this situation, none of the other options would be applicable; individuals who are interested in technology, such as techies, may be deemed to constitute a subculture, but technology itself would not be.
What is the process of adapting borrowed cultural traits?
Reformulation is the process of incorporating acquired cultural characteristics into one’s own. For example, blending Jewish culture with existing orthodox Christian ideas is known as reformulation.
Which of the following is a cultural universal?
Gender roles, the incest taboo, religious and healing ritual, mythology, marriage, language, art, dance, music, cooking, games, jokes, sports, and birth and death are examples of elements that may be considered cultural universals because they are accompanied by some type of ritual ceremony, among other things. Examples of elements that may be considered cultural universals include:
Is the knowledge and tools people use to manipulate their environment?
Technology refers to the knowledge and instruments that individuals employ in order to alter their surroundings.
What are some examples of mores?
Mores are frequently governed by the morals, ethics, and, in certain cases, religious influences of a culture. Some further instances include: Abusing drugs, particularly those such as heroin and cocaine, is not regarded normal or mainstream behavior in today’s society. In a residential environment, driving at 90 mph is not considered acceptable driving behavior.
What is folkways and examples?
Folkways are social standards that apply to everyday life, such as using silverware when eating, waking up in the morning, and going to work or school, for instance. There are also mores, which are acts that are proper or immoral in certain circumstances. Don’t murder people, and don’t take from them. Some social standards are overtly taught, but others are tacit, meaning that we learn them via observation.
What are folkways 2 examples?
Other examples of folkways include the notion of proper clothes, the habit of raising one’s hand to take turns speaking in a group, and the practice of “civil inattention,” which is when we respectfully ignore others around us non public places such as restaurants and shopping centers.
It is an attempt to describe the scope of the humanities from the beginning of human history through the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge This 1959 film, narrated by Clifton Fadiman, explores the origins and evolution of recorded history, as well as humankind’s desire for purpose in life, among other topics. It is a production of the Encyclopaedia Britannica Educational Corporation. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. is the parent company of the company. View all of the videos related to this topic.
- Because of the wide range of subject matter it contains, anthropology has evolved into a collection of more specialized areas, particularly since the middle of the twentieth century.
- It is a subfield of biology.
- Sociological anthropology (also known as ethnology) is a part of anthropology that studies the social and cultural constructions of human groups.
- Since the later half of the nineteenth century, archaeology (see below), as a technique of examination of prehistoric cultures, has been an intrinsic aspect of anthropology as a self-consciousdisciplinary science.
The academic subject of anthropology has always been situated at the nexus of natural science and the humanities, and this has been true throughout its history. There is no distinction between the biological evolution of Homo sapiens and the evolution of the cultural potential that differentiates humans from all other animals. However, while the evolution of the human species is a biological development similar to the processes that gave rise to the other species, the historical appearance of the capacity for culture marks a qualitative shift away from other forms of adaptation, as it is based on an extraordinarily variable creativity that is not directly linked to survival and ecological adaptation as other forms of adaptation.
Thus, historical patterns and processes connected with culture as a medium for growth and change, as well as the diversity and convergence of civilizations across history, have been key research topics in anthropology.
The study of (5) psychological anthropology was taught at many American colleges by the middle of the twentieth century.
Until the latter part of the twentieth century, the concept of culture as encompassing a full way of life or system of meaning for a human group was a specialist term shared mostly by anthropologists and sociologists.
During those 50 years, the study of anthropology as an academic discipline had grown steadily, and the number of professional anthropologists had grown in tandem with it.
Despite the fact that anthropology has maintained its status as “the science of mankind,” some anthropologists are now questioning whether it is feasible to bridge the gap that exists between the natural sciences and the humanities.
Anthropology was established as a subject in 1950, mostly based on historical and economic considerations, and it is primarily found in western Europe and North America.
In Europe and America, some anthropologists were interested in “folk” customs; however, the majority were more concerned in documenting how people lived in nonindustrial contexts outside of these regions.
Anthropology began to be developed in a number of nations outside of western Europe and North America as early as the 1930s, with a particular emphasis on the era following World War II.
In recent years, the global reach of anthropology, along with the remarkable increase of social and cultural phenomena that cross national and cultural boundaries, has resulted in a transformation in the way anthropologists conduct their research in North America and Europe.
Anthropology was beginning to shift by the end of the twentieth century from a predominantly Western—and, some have said, “colonial”—scholarly activity into one in which Western ideas were often challenged by non-Western perspectives.
Ralph W. Nicholas is an American businessman who lives in New York City.