What Makes Up Culture


What Is Culture?

The image is courtesy of Getty Images/Saha Entertainment. Culture is defined as the features and knowledge of a certain group of people, and it includes language, religion, food, social behaviors, music, and the arts, among other things. Cultural patterns, interactions, cognitive constructs, and comprehension are defined by theCenter for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition as common patterns of behavior and interaction that are learnt via socialization, according to the Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition As a result, culture may be defined as the development of a group identity that is influenced by social patterns that are exclusive to the group.

The anthropologist Cristina De Rossi of Barnet and Southgate College in London told Live Science that culture encompasses “religion, food, what we wear, how we wear it, our language, marriage, music, what we believe is right or wrong, how we sit at the table, how we greet visitors, how we behave with loved ones, and a million other things.” “Culture encompasses religion, food,” she said.

According to Arthur Asa Berger, the word “culture” comes from a French phrase that, in turn, comes from the Latin word “colere,” which meaning to tend to the ground and flourish, or to cultivate and nourish, or to cultivate and nurture.

Western culture

The fall of the Roman Empire had a significant impact on Western civilization. The image is courtesy of Chase Dekker Wild-Life Images/Getty Images. ) In recent years, according to Khan University, the phrase “Western culture” has come to refer to the cultures of European nations as well as those countries that have been extensively impacted by European immigration, such as the United States. Western culture may be traced back to the Classical Period of the Greco-Roman era (the fourth and fifth centuries B.C.) and the development of Christianity in the fourteenth century as its origins.

  1. Throughout the past 2,500 years, a slew of historical events have contributed to the development of Western culture.
  2. 476, paved the way for the development of a succession of often-warring nations in Europe, each with its own culture, after which the Middle Ages began.
  3. According to Ohio State University historian John L.
  4. As a result of elites being compelled to pay more for scarce labor, survivors in the working class have gained more influence.

Today, Western culture can be found in practically every country on the planet, and its influences may be traced back to its origins.

Eastern culture

Buddhism plays a significant role in the cultures of some Eastern countries. Three Buddhist monks are seen here on their way to the Angkor Wat temple. The image is courtesy of Getty Images/Saha Entertainment. Far East Asian culture (which includes China, Japan, Vietnam, North Korea, and South Korea) and the Indian subcontinent are generally referred to as Eastern culture in general. Like the West, Eastern culture was significantly impacted by religion throughout its early existence, but it was also heavily influenced by the growing and harvesting ofrice, according to a study report published in the journal Rice in 2012.

  1. However, this umbrella covers an enormous range of traditions and histories.
  2. Thus, Hinduism rose to prominence as a major force in Indian culture, while Buddhism continued to have an impact on the cultures of both China and Japan.
  3. In the case of Chinese Buddhism, for example, according to Jiahe Liu and Dongfang Shao, the philosophy of Taoism, which emphasizes compassion, frugality, and humility, was borrowed.
  4. Japan, for example, ruled or invaded Korea in some manner from 1876 and 1945.

Latin culture

Da de los Muertos costumes for children in traditional attire (Image courtesy of Getty/Sollina Images.). The geographical territory that encompasses “Latin culture” is large and diverse. For the sake of this definition, Latin America is comprised of the regions of Central America, South America and Mexico where Spanish or Portuguese is the main language. Beginning in the 1400s, Spain and Portugal colonized or influenced a number of locations across the world, including those listed above. Some historians (such as Michael Gobat, “The Invention of Latin America: A Transnational History of Anti-Imperialism, Democracy, and Race,” American Historical Review, Vol.

  1. Because of this, Latin cultures are extremely diverse, and many of them combine indigenous customs with the Spanish language and Catholicism brought by Spanish and Portuguese invaders to form hybrid cultures.
  2. These impacts are particularly evident in Brazil and the countries of the Western Hemisphere’s Caribbean region.
  3. A notable example is Da de los Muertos, also known as Day of the Dead, which is a celebration dedicated to commemorating the fallen that is observed on November 1st and 2nd.
  4. According to the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Mexican immigrants to the United States carried the festival with them, and in the 1970s, artists and events focused attention on Da de los Muertos as a way of expressing their Chicano (Mexican-American) ancestry.

In recent years, the holiday has gained widespread recognition in the United States.

Middle Eastern culture

A family from the Middle East sits down to supper together (Photo courtesy of Getty/Jasmin Merdan). The Middle East is roughly defined as the area including the Arabian peninsula as well as the eastern Mediterranean region. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the North African countries of Libya, Egypt, and Sudan are also occasionally mentioned. The word “Middle Eastern culture” is another umbrella term that incorporates a wide range of cultural customs, religious beliefs, and everyday routines from all around the Middle East and North Africa.

  1. Despite the fact that there is tremendous religious variety in the Middle East, Islam is the religion with the greatest number of adherents, and Islam has played a key part in the cultural development of the region.
  2. According to the Metropoliton Museum, the death of the religion’s founder, Muhammad, in 632, was a watershed event in the development of Middle Eastern culture and civilization.
  3. Consequently, a split developed between Shia Muslims, who held the value of bloodline in high regard, and Sunni Muslims, who held that leadership should not be passed down through the familial lineage.
  4. Their rites and customs differ somewhat from one another, and the divisions that exist between the two groups frequently lead to conflict.
  5. Areas that were once part of the Ottoman Empire are known for distinctive architecture that is influenced by Persian and Islamic styles.

African culture

African woman from the Maasai tribe, sitting with her infant close to her home in the African country of Kenya (Photo courtesy of hadynyah/Getty Images.) ) Africa has the longest history of human habitation of any continent: it has been inhabited since the beginning of time. According to the Natural History Museum in London, humans started there approximately 400,000 years ago and began to spread to other parts of the world around the same time period. Researchers led by Dr. Tom White, who works as a Senior Curator of Non-Insect Invertebrates at the Smithsonian Institution, were able to find this by analyzing Africa’s ancient lakes and the species that lived in them.

  • African culture differs not just across and within country borders, but also inside those borders.
  • According to Culture Trip, Nigeria alone has more than 300 tribes, which is a significant number.
  • Because of this, large urban centers sprung up along the Eastern coast, which were frequently linked together by the transportation of raw resources and commerce from landlocked portions of the continent.
  • According to Britannica, Northwest Africa has significant linkages to the Middle East, whereas Sub-Saharan Africa shares historical, geographical, and social traits with North Africa that are considerably distinct from those of the former.
  • The traditions of these cultures developed in a variety of contexts that were vastly diverse.

The Batwa, for example, are a tribe of indigenous people that typically live a forager’s lifestyle in the jungle, and they are one such group. Maasai herders, on the other hand, herd their sheep and goats on broad pastures and rangelands.

What is cultural appropriation?

Cultural appropriation, according to the Oxford Reference dictionary, is defined as follows: “A phrase used to describe the taking over of creative or artistic forms, concepts, or practices by one cultural group from another.” A non-Native American wearing a Native American headdress as a fashion item would be one example of this practice. The fashion house Victoria’s Secret was highly condemned in 2012 after a model was dressed in a headdress that looked like a Lakota war bonnet, according to the newspaper USA Today.

As well as jewelry influenced by Zuni, Navajo, and Hopi styles from the desert Southwest, the model wore turquoise, demonstrating how cultural appropriation can group tribes with vastly distinct cultures and histories into a single stereotypical image through the usage of turquoise.

Sikh restaurateur and social media influencer Harjinder Singh Kukreja responded to Gucci on Twitter, noting that the Sikh Turban is “not a hip new accessory for white models, but rather an object of religion for practicing Sikhs.” Turbans have been worn as ‘hats’ by your models, although practicing Sikhs knot their turbans properly fold-by-fold.

Constant change

One thing is clear about cultures, no matter how they appear on the surface: they change. According to De Rossi, “Culture appears to have become important in our linked globe, which is made up of so many ethnically different nations, but which is also rife with conflicts related with religion, ethnicity, ethical values, and, fundamentally, the aspects that make up culture.” “Culture, on the other hand, is no longer set, if it ever was. In its essence, it is fluid and in perpetual motion.” Consequently, it is impossible to characterize any culture in a singular manner.

A body known as the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has been established by the United Nations to identify cultural and natural heritage as well as to conserve and safeguard it.

It was signed by UNESCO in 1972 and has been in force since since.

Stephanie Pappas is a contributing writer for Live Science, where she writes on a variety of subjects ranging from geology to archaeology to the human brain and psychology.

Her undergraduate degree in psychology came from the University of South Carolina, and her graduate certificate in scientific communication came from the University of California, Santa Cruz.

what elements make up culture

  • One thing is clear about cultures, no matter how they appear on the surface: they change with time. According to De Rossi, “Culture appears to have become important in our linked globe, which is made up of so many ethnically different nations, but which is also rife with conflicts related with religion, ethnicity, ethical ideas, and, ultimately, the aspects that make up culture.” “Cultural norms, on the other hand, are no longer in place, if they ever were. It is fundamentally fluid and in continual motion.” Thus, defining any culture in a singular manner becomes challenging. Most people recognize the need of appreciating and conserving the past, despite the fact that change is unavoidable. A body known as the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has been established by the United Nations to identify cultural and natural heritage, preserve it, and promote its protection. In accordance with the international treaty, the Convention on the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, the monuments, structures, and sites are all protected by the group’s protection. ” It was signed by UNESCO in 1972 and has been in force ever since then. Alina Bradford, Stephanie Pappas, and Callum McKelvie of Live Science contributed to this piece as well. In her work as a contributing writer for Live Science, Stephanie Pappas writes on subjects ranging from geology to archaeology to the human brain and psychology. In her former role, she worked as a senior writer for Live Science, but she is currently an independent writer located in Denver, Colorado, who routinely contributes to Scientific American and The Monitor, a monthly publication of the American Psychological Association (APA). In addition to earning a bachelor’s degree in psychology from the University of South Carolina, Stephanie also holds a graduate certificate in scientific communication from the University of California, Santa Cruz.
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What are the elements of culture in world geography?

Language, religion, different economic and governmental structures, art, music, and other cultural aspects are some of the most important cultural phenomena studied in cultural geography. These phenomena help to explain how and/or why people function in the environments in which they live, and they are studied in depth.

What are the components of cultural diversity?

Cultural diversity (also known as multiculturalism) refers to a collection of persons who come from a variety of different cultures or social groups. Language, religion, race, sexual orientation, gender, age, and ethnicity are all taken into consideration while discussing cultural diversity.

What is the example of material culture?

Material culture includes all tools, weapons, utensils, machinery, ornaments, art, structures, monuments, written records, religious imagery, clothes, and any other ponderable items created or used by humans, as well as any other ponderable objects made or used by animals.

What is culture and its components?

A culture is made up of a number of different aspects or components. Mores, folkways, customs, traditions, laws, morality, stereotypes, taboos, tales, fashion, myth, and other patterns of group behavior are examples of such patterns. 2. Literature, which includes prose, poetry, theater, and short stories, among other things. Music, dance, sculpture, paintings, architecture, photography, and other forms of art are all included.

What makes a good culture?

A positive culture develops as a result of messages that encourage characteristics such as teamwork, honesty, and hard effort. Principals have the ability to affect each of the following five intertwined elements: fundamental beliefs and assumptions, which are the things that individuals at your school believe to be true; shared values; shared goals; and shared expectations.

What elements contribute to a person’s cultural identity?

The formation of cultural identities is impacted by a variety of elements such as one’s religious beliefs and ancestry; skin color; language; social status; education; occupation; skill; family; and political sentiments. These elements all contribute to the formation of one’s own identity.

What are the elements of culture Slideshare?

Cultures have their own elements.

  • What exactly is culture? Religion, language, art, and literature, as well as political structures and economic systems, are all included in this section. Customs and traditions are examples of cultural elements. Rules of Behavior are notions of what is proper and wrong that are enforced. …
  • Religion Answers to the most fundamental questions regarding the nature of existence

What are the 2 types of culture?

Material culture, which refers to tangible items generated by a community, and nonmaterial culture, which refers to intangible things produced by a society, are the two fundamental categories of culture.

How do you create a culture?

The Eight Crucial Steps to Creating a Winning Organizational Culture

  1. Learn from your mistakes.
  2. Develop a company culture that is consistent with your fundamental beliefs. .
  3. Surround yourself with wonderful individuals who enhance your abilities. .
  4. Communicate.
  5. Have a good time. …
  6. Inviting others to sip the Kool-Aid is a good idea. .
  7. Collaborate with others. .
  8. Keep your culture alive and carefully evolve it

What elements contribute to the overall culture of an organization?

Organizations must create and maintain excellent organizational cultures if they want to retain and attract high-caliber employees. The following are the five fundamental aspects that businesses must address in order to do this: purpose; ownership; community; effective communication; and competent leadership.

What kind of culture is there?

Cultures may be found in a variety of different sorts of organizations. There are even subcultures within a country or target ethnic group that are distinct from one another.

Depending on where you live, you may be a member of numerous different cultures: national, subcultural (ethnic or regional, gender-based, religious, generational, or socioeconomic), and group or workplace culture (corporate culture).

What are the elements of society?

The following characteristics are present in society:

  • Likeness: The basic basis of mutuality among members of a social group is the similarity of their personalities. In addition, there is the Reciprocal Awareness: Similarity is a generator of reciprocity. .
  • Dissimilarities: A sense of similarity is not always adequate. .
  • Interdependence: ADVERTISEMENTS:.
  • Cooperation:.
  • Disagreement:

What is symbol in elements of culture?

Summarizing, symbols, language, values, and social conventions are some of the common factors that contribute to the formation of individual cultures. The term “symbol” refers to anything that is used to represent anything else. People who belong to the same culture are more likely to associate a certain meaning with an object, gesture, voice, or image.

Which of the following is a common component of culture?

What are the five components of culture that are universally recognized? Symbols, language, values, beliefs, social norms, and ideal culture are all examples of ideal culture.

What are the key elements of corporate culture?

The six characteristics of a successful corporate culture

  • Community. When circumstances are good, workers at Fortune 100 Best Companies to Work For® feel a sense of belonging that allows them to win together—and remain together when times are rough. …
  • sFairness. Humans place a great importance on fairness in their interactions with others. Innovation.
  • Trustworthiness in management.
  • Carefulness in the workplace.

What five components make up culture and which do you think is the most important in defining culture Why quizlet?

Create a list of the five common components of all human culture, and explain why they are important. The five components are symbols, language, values, beliefs, and norms. Do you have a preference on which component is the most important? Why? Symbols-Anything that conveys a specific meaning that is recognized by individuals who share a common culture (for example, a flag).

Why is the element of culture important?

The first, and arguably most important, aspects of culture that we shall consider are the values and beliefs held by the people who inhabit it. Values are the gold standard by which a culture determines what is right and wrong in society. Values are deeply ingrained in a culture and are essential for the transmission and teaching of that culture’s ideas.

What are the elements of culture ap human geography?

Unit 3 of the AP® Human Geography course covers culture, which includes topics such as diffusion, religion, language, race, and ethnicity.

What are the two geographic elements in defining culture?

Identify and provide a brief explanation of the 7 Elements of Cultural Diversity. The term “geography” refers to a mix of physical and human elements that contribute to the development of the environment in which they are situated. Political and economic systems are governed by a central authority. The third point is that religion may help individuals address fundamental concerns about the meaning and purpose of life.

Major Elements that Define Culture

Who and what are the twelve aspects of culture? What are the 5 aspects of culture? What are some instances of elements of culture? What are some elements of culture? The following are ten aspects of culture: Culture is comprised of six aspects. There are four components to culture. What are the eight characteristics of culture? See more entries in the FAQ category.

What Makes Up Your Company Culture?

Are you interested in having a clear understanding of what your workers are referring to when they talk about your company’s workplace culture? The work atmosphere that you provide for your staff is referred to as company culture. Employees are more motivated, happier, and more pleased when their needs and beliefs are compatible with those reflected in the workplace culture that you have created. Beginning with the initial application a potential employee submits to your business and continuing until the person is employed, both the employer and the prospective employee strive to discover if the candidate is a suitable cultural fit for the organization.

Culture refers to the setting in which you spend the most of your time at work.

In contrast to this, culture is something that cannot be observed directly, other than through its tangible expressions in the workplace.

While your firm has a distinct culture that has been formed by the workers that work for you, each new employee brings their own unique perspective to the table, enriching the overall work environment.

As a result, while a culture already exists when a new employee starts, he or she quickly becomes a part of the culture that all of the employees at the company are experiencing.

What Makes Up Your Culture?

Culture is similar to a person’s personality. The personality of a person is made up of the values, beliefs, underlying assumptions, interests, experiences, upbringing, and habits that shape the way that person behaves and interacts with the world. Among a group of people’s common values, beliefs, underlying assumptions, attitudes, and actions are those that are referred to be their culture. Culture is the behavior that develops when a group of people agrees on a set of norms for how they will interact with one another in the workplace.

It is the sum of all of the life experiences that each employee contributes to the workplace that makes up your company culture.

Middle managers are particularly important in the development of your organizational culture because they serve as the glue that ties all of your employees together in a way that allows them to receive information and guidance from upper management.

How Do You See Culture

Each and every day at work, the visual and verbal components of an organization’s culture are visible and recognizable. Whether you are going through a work area, sitting in an office, attending a meeting, or dining in the lunchroom, the culture of the business is all around you and pervades your daily activities. Your group’s culture is reflected by the following:

  • Language, decision-making, symbols and objects, myths and legends, the level of empowerment, celebrations, and daily labor routines are all discussed in further detail.

Something as basic as the things that adorn an employee’s desk may reveal a great deal about how employees perceive and engage in the culture of your firm. The content of your electronic bulletin board, the layout of your employment website, the substance of your business newsletter, the interaction of workers in meetings, and the manner in which individuals cooperate all say volumes about the culture of your firm. You can go on a culture walk to learn about, appreciate, and observe the present culture of your business.

If the culture that has formed is detrimental to the achievement of your company objectives or the environment you wish to give employees, culture transformation is a difficult, but doable, choice.

Enculturation: Helping New Employees

enculturation is a socialization process that helps new employees acclimate to and become a part of their new company’s corporate culture, whether it’s in their new office, department, workgroup, or anywhere else. Through orientation or onboarding meetings, as well as other Human Resources (HR) programs, several firms assist new workers in becoming acclimated to their organization’s culture. Departments should provide new workers with a plant that will assist them in learning their new job responsibilities.

The most effective strategies also include acquainting the new employee with the most significant parts of the company’s culture. They accomplish this through various behaviors such as:

  • The sharing of the organization’s mission and vision, as well as the organization’s guiding principles, and values
  • Ensuring that the new employee meets with the organization’s president and other key employees so that they can communicate the company’s culture and expectations
  • Providing mini-updates at 30, 60, and 90 days to see how the employee is doing
  • And assigning a well-informed, thoughtful mentor or buddywho can teach and introduce the new employee to additional longer-term opportunities.

Involving new employees in enculturation activities can help you determine that they are a good cultural match for your firm, as well as engage and onboard them into your desired organizational culture.

Examples of Culture

In general, culture may be defined as the traditions, arts, and social interactions that are unique to a certain nation, people, or other group to which individuals identify or belong. It may also be characterized as an appreciation for the arts and for human intellectual progress in other fields of study. In both perspectives, examples of culture may be a useful tool for gaining a fast knowledge of the subject matter. illustrative of culture

Culture Linked to Geography

Some features of culture are associated with a specific geographic area, such as a country or a geographic region.

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National Identity (Country-Specific Culture)

Visiting a new (to you) nation and marveling at the way people in that country speak, think, and act, especially in comparison to what you’re accustomed to in your home country, is not uncommon when traveling.

  • The languages of a country have an impact on its national identity and enable for successful communication. Dialects and accents can be used to distinguish between different subcultures that exist within a country. As countries approach their culture, they typically reflect this approach in how they spend their collective time, money, and energy
  • This approach may also be mirrored in their legal system. Fashion, family life, and commercial interactions, among other aspects of a country’s etiquette and customs, can play an important part in shaping its culture. The use of nonverbal communication varies substantially from country to country. When viewed from a different perspective, the hard handshake that is required in the United States might be perceived as hostile. The beliefs of a country, both religious and historical in nature, are frequently at the heart of that nation’s culture

As an illustration, consider the following instances of cultural exposure peculiar to a particular country or national identity. It goes without saying that there are regional distinctions from one country to the other.

Regional Culture

It’s likely that the place where you live has a distinct cultural identity, especially if you live in a somewhat large civilization like the United States. For example, in the United States, there are some cultural indicators that are shared across the country, such as a love of baseball and American football, or a fondness for apple pie and french fries. There are, nevertheless, significant cultural distinctions across different parts of the country as a whole.

  • Being identified as a southern drawlor and speaking in a southern dialect helps people recognize a person as being originally from a specific region of the United States (the South). Throughout Canada, the slang vocabulary differs greatly from one location to the next. From one part of a country to another, different terms might be used to refer to the same subject in different ways. For example, carbonated beverages such as soda, pop, and soft drinks are referred to as such in different regions. Certain meals have a tendency to be connected with a specific geographical location. A deep dish pizza, for example, is the standard in Chicago, whereas a thinner crust pizza is the usual in New York
  • Weather occurrences that are prevalent in a certain place are indicative of the culture of that region. Weather disasters such as hurricanes, fires, blizzard and tornadoes as well as typhoons can affect individuals in different parts of the world. Because of the way their inhabitants prefer to vote in many democratic nations, some qualities tend to be linked with areas within such countries.

Those are only a few illustrations of the cultural variances that might occur across various regions of the same nation.

Culture of Diversity

Depending on your location (state, city/town/province/country), you may live in a community that is extremely welcoming of individuals of various colors, genders, sexual orientations, national origins, or other aspects of variety. Then you are part of a community that places a high value on variety to the point where it is an integral element of the culture and identity of the people living there.

  • The community calendar may be jam-packed with festivals and events that bring together members of the community of various races and nationalities. Citizens who were born in other countries may be able to benefit from informational seminars and research materials available at their local library. The possibility exists of many sporting activities available to residents of all genders, ages and abilities levels, including those who are impaired
  • The agendas of city officials, local businesses, and religious organizations may promote a wide range of exciting shopping, educational, and religious experiences
  • However, this is not guaranteed. Classes in community education that are specifically designed for foreign language acquisition may be easily available at reasonable prices. Diverse neighborhoods with a high concentration of immigrants are more likely to celebrate cultural diversity. Every September, for example, the city of New York stages a distinctive Caribbean Carnival.

Those activities would be exemplified as manifestations of a diverse culture in a community. Some communities are extremely accepting of differences and strive to be inclusive of all members. This frequently results in instances of cultural dissemination.

Identifying Examples of Cultures Around You

Everywhere you look, there are examples of culture to be found.

Corporate Culture

Working culture may be demonstrated in a multitude of ways, including how people dress, how offices are constructed, how workers are treated, and the manner in which a company incorporates its culture into its goods and services, as well as the manner in which it portrays itself to consumers.

  • The design of an office might be either informal or formal. To foster a sense of equality among employees as well as comfort and productivity, employees may be encouraged to dress in a more informal manner. On important milestones in workers’ life, such as their birthdays, weddings, births, and funerals of family members, management may demonstrate a caring and friendly attitude by giving them cards and presents. Customer service excellence, personal acknowledgement of valued customers, and business participation in community and philanthropic organizations are all examples of how a caring culture may be presented
  • There may be a cultural connection between the design and placement of the offices, with senior personnel having larger offices or cubicles that are the furthest away from the entrance.

The attitudes and behaviors of your coworkers are examples of the corporate culture that exists at your workplace.

Popular Culture

Popular culture is determined by the activities of the general public.

A person’s popular culture may be defined by what they listen to, what they read, what they dress, and how they communicate with others.

  • The most popular music in a culture may come from performers who have made it to the Billboard Top 100 or from the newest YouTube pop sensations. In addition, social media influencers can have an impact on which businesses are in demand as well as which activities or fashions are most popular. Best-selling novels, as well as famous films and television series, may have a significant impact on the attitudes and experiences of a culture’s citizens. The ability to swiftly connect and exchange ideas through social networking may be a valuable tool for people of various ages, ethnicities, hobbies, genders, and sexual orientations. Fashion trends may serve as a barometer for cultural trends. Casual clothing may indicate a more laid-back lifestyle, but rapidly changing fashion may reflect rapidly changing cultural trends. Language is a crucial tool for conveying popular culture experiences to others. To describe the contemporary culture, a variety of languages and slang terms can be used in conjunction.

Almost everything on this list is an example of popular culture. Trends may shift in an instant; what is today’s pop culture craze could be yesterday’s news in the blink of an eye.

High Culture and Sophisticated Taste

In addition to the traditional meaning of culture, which refers to the attitudes and ideas held by a whole group of people, there is another definition of culture as well. This term is associated with high culture. In this context, possessing what has come to be characterized as refined taste in the fine arts or humanities is referred to as having “culture.” Examples of this type of culture include the following:

  • An appreciation for opera
  • A love of classical music
  • Taking pleasure in the ballet
  • Seeing and admiring art displays
  • Reading excellent literature, particularly the classics
  • And so on. Gourmet cuisine is something to be admired. superb wine knowledge and competence at a sophisticated level

It is sometimes referred to as “cultured” to describe those who have an appreciation for such things. Ironically, persons who enjoy this form of culture are more likely than others to be critical of popular culture. People who are perceived to be members of the so-called “cultural elite” may choose to distance themselves from popular culture or from what is believed to be standard practice in society.

Recognizing Examples of Culture

You may not consider yourself to be exposed to these many forms of culture on a daily basis, but you instinctively understand that certain attitudes, thoughts, and ideas exist when you visit a certain location, even if you do not think about it. In addition, you can detect the difference between other civilizations just by looking at them.

  • When you visit a stuffy and formal law office, the experience is going to be very different than when you visit a casual digital start-up. Invariably, traveling to a modern city like Amsterdam will feel different than traveling to an extremely conservative nation like a Muslim country in the Middle East.

Throughout your day you are exposed to a wide range of attitudes, feelings, ideas, and items that are all manifestations of culture. These examples are related to the form of culture that may be characterized simply as a group of people’s common attitudes, values, and beliefs.

Culture Shock

This form of culture is vital because it helps you learn how to think, act, and feel in a way that is acceptable to the majority of people in society. The reason for experiencing culture shock when you suddenly relocate to a new nation or begin interacting with a new group of individuals who have quite different attitudes and beliefs from those you are accustomed to is also explained.

Understanding Culture

It is critical to understand the various meanings and forms of culture that exist. When you consider various instances of culture, you gain a greater awareness of the world around you, as well as the ideas, beliefs, and values that you encounter on a daily basis. Investigate how slang impacts the English language in order to have a better understanding of culture and its impact. Reviewing this dictionary of major terminology in cultural anthropology can help you improve your abilities to discuss and explain cultures.

Defining Culture and Why It Matters to Sociologists

It is critical to understand the many meanings and forms of cultures. Consider diverse instances of culture to have a greater knowledge of the world around you and of the ideas, beliefs, and values that you come into contact with on a regular basis. Investigate how slang impacts the English language to gain a better understanding of culture and its impact.

Review this dictionary of major terminology in cultural anthropology to improve your abilities to explain or define culture. To get the solution to the question of how to define one’s culture, one only has to look about them.

How Sociologists Define Culture

Cultural understanding is one of the most significant notions in sociology because sociologists acknowledge that culture plays a critical role in our social interactions. It is critical in the formation of social interactions, the maintenance and challenge of social order, the determination of how we make sense of the world and our role in it, as well as the moulding of our everyday actions and experiences in a democratic society. Non-material as well as material components are included in its composition.

  1. To summarize, Using these categories as a starting point, we may say that culture is comprised of our knowledge, common sense, assumptions, and expectations.
  2. It is also the symbols we use to represent meaning, ideas, and concepts (what sociologists refer to as ” symbology “).
  3. Culture is also defined by what we do, how we act, and how we perform (for example, theater and dance).
  4. Religion, secular holidays, and athletic events are all examples of collective behaviors in which we engage.
  5. Architecture, technical devices, and apparel, among other things, are all included in this category of culture.
  6. Parts of material culture are more usually referred to as cultural products than they are as material culture.
  7. Material culture arises from and is molded by the non-material parts of culture, as well as by the material aspects of culture.
  8. In contrast to this, the interaction between material and non-material culture is not one-sided.
  9. In the case of a strong documentary film (an part of material culture), it is possible that people’s attitudes and beliefs would change (i.e.
  10. As a result, cultural goods have a tendency to follow patterns.

In the case of music, cinema, television, and art for example, what has gone before affects the values, beliefs, and expectations of individuals who engage with them, which in turn affects the development of further cultural goods in the future.

Why Culture Matters to Sociologists

Because it plays such a big and crucial part in the development of social order, sociologists place a high value on culture in their research. When we talk about social order, we’re talking about how society is stable because people have come to agree on rules and conventions that allow us to collaborate, function as a society, as well as (hopefully) live together in peace and harmony. There are positive and negative sides to social order, according to sociologists. Both tangible and non-material parts of culture, according to the notion of traditional French sociologist Émile Durkheim, are significant in that they help to hold society together.

  • Durkheim discovered via his studies that when individuals gather together to participate in rituals, they reinforce the culture that they share and, as a result, strengthen the social bonds that bind them together even more.
  • Karl Marx, a well-known Prussian social theorist and activist, is credited with establishing the critical approach to culture in the field of social sciences.
  • Subscribing to popular ideas, conventions and beliefs keeps individuals involved in uneven social institutions that do not operate in their best interests, but rather benefit a powerful minority, according to his reasoning.
  • Marx’s theory is based on the assumption that success comes from hard work and dedication, and that anyone can live a good life if they do these things.
  • In addition to being a force for tyranny and dominance, culture also has the potential to be a force for innovation, resistance, and self-determination.
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What Is Culture, Anyhow? Values, Customs, and Language

“What Is Culture, Anyhow?” is the title of this piece. “Values, Customs, and Language,” section 3.1 of the book “Challenges and Opportunities in International Business,” is a good example of this (v. 1.0). For more information about it (including license), please visit this page. Please check the project’s main page for further information about the source of this book, as well as the reasons why it is being made accessible for free. There is also the option to explore or download other books.

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3.1What Is Culture, Anyhow? Values, Customs, and Language

  1. Understand what it means to be a part of a culture Recognize that there are several types of cultures
  2. And Identify numerous different types of cultural traditions

As the example of Dunkin’ Brands in the introduction indicates, local tastes, habits, beliefs, and culture have an influence on all elements of doing business in a particular nation. But what precisely do we mean when we talk about culture? Personality and culture are not the same thing. For the purposes of this discussion, let us define personality as a person’s distinct physical, mental, emotional, and social features, as well as their identity. Accessed February 22, 2011, from Dictionary.com’s entry on “personality.” Without a question, one of the most difficult obstacles to cross-cultural understanding and productive relationships is our inability to distinguish the influence of culture from the influence of personality on a regular basis.

So, What Is Culture, Anyway?

The term “culture” in today’s context is distinct from the conventional, more single sense, which is typically used in Western languages, and in which the word often connotes refinement and sophistication. The ideas, values, mindsets, and customs of a group of people are referred to as their culture. Specifically, it refers to the behavior pattern and social norms of a certain group—the rules, assumptions, perceptions, as well as the logic and reasoning that are unique to a particular group. In essence, everyone of us is raised inside a belief system that has a significant impact on our particular perspectives to the point that we are unable to account for, or even realize, the extent to which it has influenced us.

  • Culture is, in fact, the communal programming of our minds that begins at conception.
  • A large part of the difficulties in any cross-cultural relationship originates from our assumptions about the other person or group.
  • A popular definition of cultural sensitivity is having a thorough knowledge of the values and perspectives of another culture.
  • It is only through understanding that you can correctly comprehend someone’s words and behavior and hence have a productive interaction with them.
  • Value systems and reasoning are formed by people in accordance with the teachings and experiences of their culture.
  • Understanding people from different cultures Changing our mindset, and most crucially our expectations, is necessary in order to appropriately perceive the gestures, attitudes, and utterances of individuals from other cultures with whom we come into contact.
  • It is possible to realign our mentality, although it is not always the case.

In order to properly comprehend a culture, one must look beyond the lists of dos and don’ts, while they are still vital to know and understand.

It is critical to understand the “why” of cultural practices.

On a general level, avalue is anything that we prefer above another—whether it’s a behavior or an actual object.

In terms of cultural orientation, our principles serve as the fundamental building elements.

Values are often formed early in life and are frequently irrational, despite the fact that we may assume that ours are in fact fairly reasonable in nature.

Unlike our colleagues and counterparts throughout the world, the chances are that everyone of us was brought up with a set of values that is quite different from their own.

Our human nature is such that we experience the world through the prism of our own cultural values and perspectives.

This prejudice is hidden between the text of our rules.

When we examine our personal habits and perceptions, we must also consider the events that have come together to shape our cultural frame of reference through time.

This isn’t always a negative development.

Maintaining awareness that cultures and values are not static things is important.

People all throughout the globe are changing their values and cultures from generation to generation as they are impacted by things that are outside of their society.

In modern times, media and technology have possibly had the most influence on civilizations in the shortest amount of time.

It will also help you to better grasp and interpret local indications and norms, as well as to better appreciate different cultures.

As Confucius put it concerning cultural crossings: “Human people are drawn together by their common nature; but, habits and conventions keep them separated.”

What Kinds of Culture Are There?

Political, economic, and social ideologies all have an influence on the way people’s values are formed and reinforced. Our cultural frame of reference, which is shaped by our education, religion, or social structure, has a significant influence on our professional dealings as well. When studying cultures, it is critical to keep in mind that all civilizations are in a perpetual state of transformation. When we say “cultural,” we don’t always refer to individuals from various nations; we may also refer to persons from diverse backgrounds.

  1. For the sake of this chapter, we’ll concentrate on national and ethnic cultures, while there are subcultures inside each country or ethnic group that need to be discussed.
  2. Some cultures are restricted to certain geographical areas; others, of course, overlap.
  3. For example, Indians in India and Americans in the United States may converse and engage in a different way than their compatriots who have only been living outside their respective home countries for a short period of time, such as those who have been in the United Kingdom or Australia.
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  5. And cultures that exist inside one political boundary may manifest themselves within other political limits in a very similar manner, as is the case with Chinese culture in China and Chinese culture outside of China in nations all over the world.
  6. Nationalities, subcultures (gender, ethnicity, religion, generations, and even socioeconomic class) and organizations, such as the workplace, are examples of such groupings.


A national culture is characterized by its physical and political limits, and it encompasses regional cultures within a nation as well as cultures shared by multiple surrounding nations, as the phrase suggests. Nationalism is essential because it emphasizes the fact that borders have shifted throughout history. The changes in the land that constitutes a nation and the name given to that country have an influence on the culture of each country. We have witnessed several changes in the last century alone, as new states arose as a result of the slow collapse of the British and Dutch empires at the turn of the twentieth century.

However, while it’s easy to forget that the British ruled India for more than two centuries and that the Dutch ruled Indonesia for more than one hundred and fifty years, what’s more obvious is the impact of the British and the Dutch on the bureaucracies and business environments of the countries in question.

In contrast to the British colonial authorities in India, the Dutch colonial rulers in Indonesia did little to establish the country’s infrastructure, civil service, and educational system.

Many entrepreneurs now complain that the Indian bureaucracy is too sluggish and overly concerned with rules and regulations, yet the infrastructure and English-language education system established by the British helped prepare India to emerge as a powerful high-tech economy in the 21st century.

In the United States, there is a national culture embodied in the symbolic concept of “all-American” values and traits, but there are also regional cultures based on geographically distinct regions—the South, the Southwest, the West Coast, the East Coast, the Northeast, the Mid-Atlantic, and the Midwest—that are distinct from one another.


Many groups are distinguished by ethnicity, gender, generation, religion, or other traits, and each group has its own culture that is distinct from the other groups. In the case of the ethnic Chinese business community, despite the fact that it may contain Chinese businessmen from a variety of nations, it has a particular culture. The extent to which this is true throughout Asia is illustrated by the fact that many people refer to Chinese enterprises as being a single business community. Whether they are from Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, or any other ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) country, the overseas Chinese business community has a strong tendency to support one another and form commercial ties with one another.

Their shared experience as a minority ethnic population with significant commercial interests has resulted in a common knowledge of how to handle major firms in a discreet manner in several nations.

However, once in the network, the Chinese have a tendency to favor conducting business with one another and to give preferred pricing and other commercial services in exchange for their cooperation.


Every business has its own workplace culture, which is referred to as the organization’s organizational culture. a system of ideas, values, and conventions, as well as symbols such as dramatized events and people, that serve to symbolize the distinctive character of an organization and provide the framework for activity within and by it The way individuals dress (casual or formal), how they view and appreciate personnel, or how they make choices are all examples of what is meant by this (as a group or by the manager alone).

We may infer that a firm has an entrepreneurial culture if it encourages employees to think creatively and respond to new ideas in a timely manner, rather than requiring them to go through an extensive internal approval procedure.

For example, Apple, Google, and Microsoft each have their own distinct company cultures that are affected by their respective businesses, the sorts of technology-savvy personnel that they hire, as well as the personalities of their respective founders, among other factors.

Their worldwide workforce may appear to be unconcerned in their casual work attire, yet behind the surface there is frequently intense competition.

This is a continuous difficulty that human resources (HR) departments are always striving to resolve on their own.

Key Takeaways

  • The beliefs, values, mindsets, and practices of a specific group of people are referred to as their culture. Specifically, it includes the behavior pattern and social norms of a specific group—the rules, the assumptions, the perceptions, as well as the logic and reasoning that are unique to that group. Culture is, in fact, the communal programming of our minds that begins at conception. It is the collective programming of a group of individuals that differentiates them from another group of people. Cultural awareness is most commonly defined as having an understanding of the values and perspective of another culture. When attempting to understand how cultures evolve, we look at the factors that influence the development of cultures and the values they hold. For the purposes of this definition, avalue is defined as something that we prefer over something else—whether it’s an action or a tangible object. Values are typically formed early in life and are not based on rational considerations. Our values are the fundamental building blocks of our cultural orientation
  • When we say “cultural,” we don’t always mean people from different countries
  • However, we do mean people from different cultures. Cultures may be found in a variety of different sorts of organizations. There are even subcultures within a country or target ethnic group that are distinct from one another. There are several types of cultures that a person can be a part of: national, subcultural (regional), ethnic (ethnicity, religion, generational, and socioeconomic), and group or workplace culture (corporate culture).


In accordance with the AACSB standards, reflective thinking and analytical skills are required.

  1. What exactly is culture? I’m wondering what the different degrees or sorts of civilizations are. • Define your national culture and define the subcultures that exist within it.

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