- 1 Australian Culture
- 2 Australia – Cultural life
- 3 Daily life and social customs
- 4 The arts
- 5 Performing arts
- 6 Music
- 7 Theatre
- 8 Australian People, Culture & Traditions
- 9 What Is the Culture Like in Australia?
- 10 Facts About Australian Culture
- 11 11 Things You Should Know About Australian Culture
- 12 Australia – Culture, Customs and Etiquette
- 13 Stereotyping
- 14 Facts and Statistics
- 15 Languages in Australia
- 16 Australian SocietyCulture
- 17 Business Culture and Etiquette in Australia
- 18 Do you need to cite this page for school or university research?
Exhibit concern for each individual employee and a commitment to enhancing the organizational culture of your firm by showing them that you care about them as individuals. Provide assistance and listen to their needs by being readily available. Maintain complete concentration and listen empathically to understand where the employee is coming from when you are listening. Maintain a high level of respect for your staff and demonstrate gratitude for the work they perform for you. Learn about your workers’ interests and what motivates them to do their jobs well.
I advise all leaders, at all levels, to take a close look at their employees’ experiences and suggest areas where changes may be implemented.
The ability to modify and develop one’s culture is achievable, despite the fact that culture might be difficult to change.
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- The qualities of mateship, equality, authenticity, optimism, humility, informality, easy-goingness, common sense, and humour are all valued.
Throughout history, Australia’s civilization has reflected both its British heritage as well as successive waves of immigration from other parts of Europe and practically every other continent. When it comes to adapting their cultural origins to the new environment, climate, and resources of their land, Australians (or Aussies) have been extremely creative. Today’s culture is claiming a confident and unique identity through its diversity, language(s), architecture, ‘Australianised’ cuisine, bush identity, and sporting success, among other characteristics.
- The result is that it is one of the least densely inhabited geographical masses on the face of the planet.
- Many Australians have a good level of living, as well as sufficient social and economic stability, which allows them to maintain a realistic view on the freedoms and opportunities that exist around them.
- Almost two-thirds of Australians feel that their nation has the finest quality of life in the world, according to a recent large-scale study conducted by Australian public broadcaster SBS.
- Furthermore, they have criticized their own country for having a lack of cultural sophistication when compared to their European counterparts at various points in time.
- People think that everyone has the right to a ‘fair shot,’ regardless of their background.
- The degree of knowledge and income a person possesses does not automatically confer prestige or respect onto them.
- This rejection, according to sociologists, stemmed from egalitarian attitudes that helped Australia transform from a society to an equal federal union throughout the nineteenth century.
In addition, those with university degrees are not always richer than those who do not have them, and affluent Australians tend to dress in more casual apparel for the most of the time as well.
Ordinarily, the only significant social inference that can be drawn from the manner in which a person talks is their age (through their use of specific slang).
Sociological divides certainly exist – notably among the chronically unemployed and some marginalized groups.
To this point, a 2015 survey performed by SBS indicated that Australians believe they are wealthier than they have ever been and that they also feel collectively terrible about this belief.
In difficult circumstances, it is customary for people to rely on their friends or’mates’ more than they do on their family.
Furthermore, connections are more often than not based on camaraderie rather than on a shared interest.
When it comes to social relations, a great deal of effort is placed into being fair to everyone.
When someone holds himself or herself in higher regard than their companions, they are promptly reminded of their inferiority.
” (reporting their misdemeanors to authorities) is likewise considered undesirable in a friendship relationship.
They frequently see simplicity as a charming personal characteristic; being referred to be a “classic” is considered a praise among friends.
People who display symptoms of arrogance or superior performance to their peers are quickly brought down or humbled in this context.
Australians are notoriously humble about their achievements and frequently self-deprecate in order to avoid coming across as pompous.
Individuals have, for example, been known to turn down national honors out of concern that they will be perceived as alienating their fellow Australians.
Relaxation and adherence to the rules There are several national tales in Australia that glorify the’scallywag’ or ‘larrikin’ (such as Ned Kelly).
Australians are known for expressing a tad of skepticism about authority (especially in their humour).
The Australian public’s behavior is tightly controlled by a plethora of practical rules, all of which are designed to keep society under control.
Visiting foreigners are frequently startled by how much emphasis is placed on safety in a community that is generally described as ‘laissez faire.’ Indeed, many Australians believe that these restrictions are either unduly conservative or that police are enforcing them too strictly.
When it comes to the way issues are treated, there is a cultural propensity towards procrastination that exists.
Australians are also known for not putting themselves under a lot of strain.
Those that push themselves excessively (whether via impatience, tension, or any other emotion) may even be considered annoying by some.
Instead, workers are supposed to adopt a laid-back, ‘can-do’ attitude toward their jobs.
Many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are still seeking political redress through reconciliation and formal recognition of their status as the original inhabitants of the continent.
It is estimated that the original population was decreased by around 90 percent as a result of being exposed to alien illnesses or being murdered; many were displaced from their customary grounds and were disconnected from their cultural identities.
Because to institutional racism, assimilation, and discrimination, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have remained on the margins of society for many years.
Every Aboriginal family has been personally impacted in some manner by the harsh reality of Australia’s post-colonial policies and practices, which are still in effect today.
Many people feel a strong connection to their Indigenous heritage and engage in various types of cultural expression.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have the longest continuous civilization on the planet, dating back thousands of years.
Among today’s Aboriginal community, there is a diverse range of traditions, spiritualities, and cultural practices to be found.
This entails a custodial bond with the land, which many Indigenous people think affirms their cultural identity.
To learn more about Indigenous cultural variety in Australia, we invite readers to visit theAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Course on the University of Sydney website.
Australia’s multiculturalism is well-documented.
However, as more and more Australian households acquire a sense of identity, this description is becoming less relevant for depicting modern society’s social make-up.
According to the 2016 census, around 26% of Australian residents were born overseas, with a further 49% having at least one parent who was born abroad.
The majority of Australians embrace it and feel it will shape the country’s future.
This may be seen in the current arguments around immigration policies and politics, as well as in other areas of society.
With regard to issues outside of the realm of national politics, however, Australians usually treat and welcome people of various origins equally, and they may just bond more strongly to those with whom they have commonalities.
According to SBS, the vast majority of Australians believe that they “are all immigrants to the nation regardless.” A good example of this is the fact that the vast majority of Australians continue to identify their lineage as being of foreign origin; according to statistics from the 2011 census, just 33.7 percent of the population classified their ancestry as being of Australian origin.
Growing cultural awareness is becoming increasingly prevalent among the younger generation in particular.
Furthermore, globe travel has become a prominent desire in the thoughts of many people who want to gain more foreign exposure.
Many of the facts about the attitudes of the Australian people were derived from the Cultural Competence Program, which is a government-sponsored initiative. Please see the website for further details about this course.
Australia – Cultural life
Australia’s isolation as an island continent has had a significant impact on the development of its culture, both positively and negatively. Over a period of at least 40,000 years, during which time they had minimal interaction with the outside world, Aboriginal peoples learned to live in harmony with their natural surroundings. It was partially because of the continent’s remoteness that the United Kingdom established New South Wales as a prison colony in 1788. Because of Australia’s convict history, European impressions of the landscape were frequently impacted by feelings of exile and isolation.
The ambivalence of the continuing colonial connection, which only began to be deconstructed in the second part of the twentieth century, has been a significant cultural focus in Australia for a long period of time.
A limited and persecuted Aboriginal population was supported by a policy of white supremacy promoted by the Commonwealth government, which contributed to maintain Australia’s unusually homogeneous cultural composition.
Furthermore, with the resurrection of Aboriginal identity and constructive efforts taken by the government to right historical wrongs, as well as the significant growth in the Aboriginal population, the Aboriginal arts were catalyzed into an explosion of creativity.
Australians are proud of their history and progress—proud of the fact that a nation made up of convicts and working-class people was able to establish a modern egalitarian society in such a harsh and hostile environment. “Mates” and “sheilas” often detest the pretentious and flashy, and they are frequently portrayed as informal and “laid back,” an impression aided by the traditional and now internationally known greeting among “mates” and “sheilas”: G’day (Good day). While their choices in popular fashion and entertainment are similar to those of Europeans and North Americans, they are known for having sardonic, ironic, and self-deprecating senses of humour.
- Beer has always been the drink of choice in Australia, but the development of wine production in the country has shifted drinking habits a little.
- However, although the older generation went to the pub to socialize, the younger age is more likely to go to a disco or a hip bar or restaurant.
- Nonetheless, it has been greatly affected by the country’s Anglo-Celtic past, with the traditional British supper still being served often in restaurants.
- Delicacies like as kangaroo, wombat, turtle, eel, emu, and snake are common in traditionalAboriginalOutbackcuisine.
- In Australia, vegemite, a salty, dark-brown yeast extract, has long been considered a mainstay of the country’s culinary tradition.
- AIATSIS has provided this image for use (collection item no.
- However, Italian cuisine has become a big part of Australia’s national culinary culture in recent years, with pizza and pasta among the most popular meals on the country’s menu.
Medical and therapeutic advancements made by the Chinese, in addition to food, are noteworthy (e.g., acupuncture and Shiatsu massage).
ANZAC Day (April 25), which commemorates the arrival of Australian and New Zealand troops at Gallipoli in 1915, is honored across Australia.
In addition, the birthday of the British monarch is commemorated in June (October in Western Australia).
Australia is home to a plethora of festivals, many of which draw a large worldwide audience.
The Barunga and Cultural Sports Festival (held in June) and Stompin Ground (hosted in October), both held in Broome, are two examples of Aboriginal arts festivals.
The Chinese New Year, the Dragon Boat Festival, and the Lantern Festival are among the cultural festivals that take place throughout China.
Australians are proud of their history and progress—proud of the fact that a nation made up of convicts and working-class people was able to establish a modern egalitarian society in such a harsh and inhospitable setting. “Mates” and “sheilas” often detest the pretentious and flashy, and they are frequently portrayed as informal and “laid back,” an impression bolstered by the traditional and now internationally known greeting among “mates” and “sheilas”: “G’day” (Good day). Their preferences in popular fashion and entertainment are similar to those of Europeans and North Americans, and their sense of humour is frequently described as sardonic, satirical, and self-deprecating.
- The traditional beverage of choice in Australia has been beer; however, the growth in the production of Australian wine has shifted the balance significantly.
- Many of the young, in contrast to their older counterparts, are more inclined to seek out a disco or trendy bar or restaurant to socialize with their peers.
- Although it has been greatly affected by the country’s Anglo-Celtic background, the classic British dinner is still widely available.
- TraditionalAboriginalOutbackcuisine includes delicacies such as kangaroo, wombat, turtle, eel, emu, snake, and witchetty grubs, among other things (larvae of the ghost moth).
- wilderness aliments “bush food” is a term used to describe traditional dishes from Australia’s Outback.
- 000125299) It was difficult to find things such as olive oil and pasta in Australia before to the 1950s since there were so few European delicacies that had been imported.
- Traditions and practices brought to Australia by immigrants have also had a significant impact on Australian society and culture, as previously stated.
With an abundance of public holidays on the calendar, the long weekend has become something of a cultural phenomenon.
Australia Day (January 26) commemorates the arrival of the British First Fleet to SydneyCove in 1788 and the proclamation of Australia as a British colony by King George III in 1801.
The states also have a number of regional festivals to celebrate as well.
TheSydney Festival (January), which includes concerts and theatrical performances and is followed by fireworks displays; the biennial Adelaide Festival of Arts (March); and theMelbourne Festival (October) are all notable arts festivals in their respective cities (October).
Hundreds of thousands of revelers from all over the world go to Sydney’s colorful Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, which is celebrated annually in February and is widely regarded as the world’s greatest celebration of its type.
The Chinese New Year, the Dragon Boat Festival, and the Lantern Festival are among the cultural festivals that take place in this country.
The Australian Ballet, a world-renowned national dance company, is perhaps the most well-known of the country’s dance companies (founded 1962). Similar to the state-sponsored Queensland Ballet (1960) and West Australian Ballet (1953), it provides both classical and contemporary performances, however it tours globally as well as domestically, unlike the other two organizations. In addition to Australian Dance Theatre (1965; contemporary dance), Dance North (1970), One Extra Dance Company (1976), Sydney Dance Company (1979), TasDance (1981), Legs on the Wall (1984), and Buzz Dance Theatre (1985), other notable companies include Sydney Dance Company (1979), Sydney Dance Company (1979), TasDance (1981), Legs on the Wall (1984), and Buzz Dance Theatre (1985).
A wide international audience witnessed Bangarra Dance Theatre (1989), which combines the ancient traditions and spirit of the first Australians with modern issues of indigenous peoples, when it performed at the opening ceremonies of the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.
There are two distinct traditions of music in Australia: those of European colonists and those of indigenous peoples, whose singing and ritual playing of thedidjeridu (a drone instrument) reenact the ancient traditions related to a mythological time called the Dreaming, which is considered by indigenous peoples to be the beginning of creation. Indigenous bands from the early twenty-first century, such as the Warumpi Band and Yothu Yindi, include elements of ancestral rites into their performances.
- A diverse range of talent can be found in Australia’s operatic scene, ranging from the well-known coloratura sopranoDame Nellie Melbato up the staging of Giacomo Puccini’sLa Bohème by Australian filmmakerBaz Luhrmann in the twenty-first century.
- With his smash single “Wild One,” Johnny O’Keefe became the first Australian rock and roll performer to reach the top of the national charts in 1958.
- Despite the fact that the Easybeats would fail to replicate their initial success, two of the band’s members, George Young and Harry Vanda, would go on to form a successful songwriting and producing combination in the future.
- Similar worldwide success was achieved by another group of Australian siblings, theBee Gees (short for Brothers Gibb), who achieved fame in the pop and disco genres.
- As a result, live music venues flourished throughout the country, producing a number of bands that had modest international success but had large followings in their own country and other bands that were well-known outside of Australia’s boundaries.
Other notable bands included Daddy Cool (“Eagle Rock,” 1971), the Masters Apprentices, hard-rocking Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs, soft rockers Air Supply and the Little River Band, blues-based Chain, glam rock Female vocalists Helen Reddy, Olivia Newton-John, and, subsequently, Kylie Minogue achieved international fame by showcasing their abilities in other countries.
Imhavingfun42 The television music programCountdown, presented by Ian (“Molly”) Meldrum, was a mainstay of Australian rock and pop music throughout the 1970s and beyond.
Nick Cave and the Go-Betweens were among several punk-influenced alternative singers who sought popularity in exile, traveling to England in the 1960s, following in the footsteps of the Easybeats (who recorded “Georgy Girl,” 1966) and the folk-rock group the Seekers (who recorded “Georgy Girl,” 1966).
A growing number of Australian rock and pop artists have made significant contributions to international audiences over the course of the 1990s and into the twenty-first century.
This list includes artists such as Hoodoo Gurus, Silverchair, Jet, the Sleepy Jacksons, Powderfinger, Savage Garden, Wolfmother, the Living End, and Courtney Barnett, among others.
There are two distinct traditions of music in Australia: those of European colonists and those of indigenous peoples, whose singing and ritual playing of thedidjeridu (a drone instrument) reenact the ancient traditions related to a mythological time called the Dreaming, which is considered by indigenous peoples to be the beginning of all things. Ancient ancestor rites are incorporated into contemporary Aboriginal bands (such as the Warumpi Band and Yothu Yindi from the early twenty-first century).
- From the iconic coloraturasopranoDame Nellie Melbato up the Australian filmmakerBaz Luhrmann’s 21st-century staging ofGiacomo Puccini’sLa Bohème, opera enthusiasts in Australia can point to a wealth of talented individuals.
- It was with his single “Wild One” that Australian rock and roll artist Johnny O’Keefe made history by becoming the country’s first rock and roll performer to enter the national charts.
- Despite the fact that the Easybeats would fail to replicate their initial success, two of the band’s members, George Young and Harry Vanda, would go on to form a successful songwriting and production combination in the future.
- Similar worldwide success was achieved by another group of Australian siblings, theBee Gees (short for Brothers Gibb), in the pop and disco genres.
- In Australia, live music venues flourished throughout the country, inspiring the formation of a number of bands that had minimal international success but enjoyed large followings in their home country, as well as other bands that became well-known outside of Australia.
Other notable bands included Daddy Cool (“Eagle Rock,” 1971), the Masters Apprentices, hard-rocking Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs, soft rockers Air Supply and the Little River Band, blues-based Chain, glam rockers Skyhooks, Helen Reddy, Olivia Newton-John, and subsequently Kylie Minogue were all successful female vocalists who achieved international recognition for their performances.
Imhavingfun42 The television music showCountdown, presented by Ian (“Molly”) Meldrum, was a mainstay of Australian rock and pop music in the 1970s and beyond.
The Easybeats and the folk-rock group the Seekers (“Georgy Girl,” 1966) had sought recognition in exile in the 1960s, while other punk-influenced alternative performers—notablyNick Cave, the Go-Betweens, the Saints, and the Triffids—sought success by migrating to England.
Hoodoo Gurus, Silverchair, Jet, the Sleepy Jackson, Powderfinger, Savage Garden, Wolfmother, the Living End, and Courtney Barnett are just a few of the Australian rock and pop performers who have made a significant impact on international audiences throughout the 1990s and into the twenty-first century.
Australian People, Culture & Traditions
There are two distinct traditions of music in Australia: those of European colonists and those of indigenous peoples, whose singing and ritual playing of thedidjeridu (a drone instrument) reenact the ancient traditions related to a mythological time called the Dreaming, which is considered by indigenous peoples to be the beginning of time. Indigenous bands from the early twenty-first century, such as the Warumpi Band and Yothu Yindi, combine elements of ancestral rites into their music. In addition, the European-based musical tradition continues to be alive and well on the present stage.
While traditional symphony orchestras abound, Australian musicians have also made significant contributions to the development of rock music, which has been a central part of Australian popular culture since the late 1950s, when AmericansBill Haley and His Comets were the first to introduce rock and roll to the country.
- The Easybeats, who formed at an immigrant hostel outside Sydney and achieved an international success with “Friday on My Mind” in 1966, were the first Australian rockers to have an effect outside of their own country.
- Furthermore, two of Young’s brothers would go on to become important members of one of Australia’s most successful musical exports, the superstarheavy metalband AC/DC.
- AC/DC had risen from the ashes of Australia’s thriving pub rockscene.
- One of Australia’s most notable bands was Cold Chisel, which was led by raspy-voiced everyman Jimmy Barnes and whose 1973 anthem “Khe Sanh” evocatively conveyed the experience of Australian veterans of the Vietnam War.
- AC/DC AC/DC released their ninth studio album in 2009.
- During the 1980s, a slew of Australian pop, rock, and alternative rock acts, including Men at Work (“Down Under,” 1981), Midnight Oil, Crowded House, Hunters & Collectors, the Divinyls, and INXS, achieved international acclaim.
- The latter-day expats achieved modest economic success, despite the fact that they were hailed as critical darlings and developed cult audiences.
What Is the Culture Like in Australia?
Exploring the culture of Australia is a lengthy and in-depth process. Australian culture is a difficult concept to grasp since it is so culturally varied and has roots that stretch deep into the very heart of humanity. It is difficult to comprehend. In Australia, with a cosmopolitan population made up of nationalities from all over the world, as well as from the resident indigenous culture – which is the world’s oldest – asking “what is Australian culture?” is to embark on a learning journey that will have you wanting to start planning a trip right away!
Facts About Australian Culture
When it comes to studying about Australian culture, the First Nations of the Aboriginal Australian Peoples and the Torres Strait Islanders should come first on the list. One of the most amazing cultural facts about Australia is that the original Australians originally built their communities on the Australian continent up to 60,000 years ago, according to certain estimates. They have survived longer than any other existing people group on the planet because they have maintained their methods of living, which are in many respects virtually intact.
- Travelers may obtain a better knowledge of these indigenous cultures by respecting their culture at all times, visiting them with ethical, sustainable tourism operators, and visiting renowned institutions.
- Involving yourself with Aboriginal culture while on an Australia tour may be one of the most memorable and inspirational elements of the trip, and it can inspire a lifetime of continuous study about these people and their country, which has been their home from time immemorial.
- Population centers such as Perth on Australia’s west coast and Adelaide on the country’s southern coast account for around half of the country’s total.
- Eighty-five percent of Australia’s population resides along the country’s coastline, leaving virtually all of the country’s arid interior uninhabited.
- Australia’s culture has gone a long way in terms of variety over the years, despite the fact that immigrants were not always welcomed as warmly as they are currently.
- With everything from their endearing accents to their passion for wildlife, Australia’s popular culture has been a huge success both at home and abroad, particularly in films that depict their way of life.
- Rabbit Proof Fence, a more modern film that has received widespread worldwide praise, depicts the unimaginably difficult journey of Aboriginal children as they travel a big stretch of the continent in order to rejoin with their relatives.
Keep in mind to visit the Greater Blue Mountains Area, the Sydney Opera House, and Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park while in Australia.
Whether it’s Australian Rules football or cricket, surfing Bondi or Byron Bay, or sailing Sydney harbor (it’s not called the “City of Sails” for nothing!
Nature and rural living are two things that Australians like, right alongside their love of sports.
Check out the film Australia, starring Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman, for a glimpse into the thrills and spills of “station” living.
Of course, food is derived from farms, and Australians are quite fond of theirs!
Meals in Australia are characterized by a strong emphasis on meat, with beef and mutton (lamb) being particularly popular.
Australia, on the other hand, is a hub of organic agriculture and produces superb fruit as a result of its location between temperate and tropical temperature zones.
Over the more modest and “cheeky” side of things, nothing screams “Australia” quite like a dab of salty Vegemite smeared on bread – a food that has become synonymous with the country!
For example, Australians are well-known for their love of slang (beer?
“brekky” / and of course, barbecue?
The art of joking about and giving others a good-natured hard time is ingrained in the culture of Australia.
Australians have a lot to be thankful for when it comes to nature in their nation, despite the difficulties they are experiencing due to recent fires and the stresses placed on the Great Barrier Reef as a result of our changing oceans.
To begin arranging your ideal vacation to Australia and getting a glimpse into its culture, contact one of Global Basecamps’ Sales Specialists immediately. We look forward to hearing from you!
11 Things You Should Know About Australian Culture
Do you want to learn more about Australian irreverence? Allow me to introduce you to a joke told by former Prime Minister Bob Hawke. Australia is a place where it is OK to greet your employer with a friendly ‘G’day, mate’; where swear words are thrown around the dinner table as generously as salt and pepper; and where we slag off our politicians while being equally eager to take the piss out of ourselves. No, the whole’solemn respect’ thing isn’t something that Australians are especially good at.
- Australians take great satisfaction in their deep-seated egalitarianism, which has allowed them to shake off the pretentious class structure of their ancient homeland, Great Britain.
- The Australians’ admiration for the underdog culminates in this contempt for the tall poppy, who is inevitably chopped down to size the instant they become too large for their boots to fit them.
- As a result, there is no one national culture in Australia.
- In reality, one-quarter of Australians were born overseas, and another quarter had at least one parent who was born overseas as well, according to the ABS.
- Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have been occupying the continent for 60,000 years, according to archeological data.
- Because of Australia’s robust culture, the country doesn’t truly have an unified cuisine – lamb roast is just as frequent as fettuccine, pho, or falafel, for example.
- In Australia, where there are more than 50 million roos bouncing around — more than double the human population — the country’s national emblem is served as a popular dish, such as steak or sausages (known as ‘kanga bangers’).
- Photo courtesy of Eric in SF/Wikimedia Commons.
- We love to drink, and we have an abundance of beautiful vineyards spread around the countryside, in addition to an expanding craft beer sector thriving in our urban areas.
Australian sports are world-renowned, from major international events such as the Australian Open tennis tournament and the Formula One Grand Prix in Melbourne to local leagues such as the AFL and NRL, as well as the beloved summer cricket season, to the numerous water sports that the country’s miles of golden coastline provide.
- Melbourne Cricket Ground|Flickerd/Wikimedia Commons |
- Around 85 percent of the country’s 25 million residents live within 50 kilometers of the coast, with 10 million of them concentrated in the two largest cities, Sydney and Melbourne.
- After study after study has demonstrated that Australia is one of the most open-minded countries on the planet, the country was put to the test last year when a postal poll was conducted on the topic of marriage equality.
- It was an emphatic (and long overdue) triumph for a society that is so proud of its progressive principles.
- A couple during the Mardi Gras Festival Lesbians and gay men Mardi Gras is a celebration that takes place every year on the first day of Lent.
Since the title ‘The Lucky Country’ was created more than half a century ago, it has been a commonly used nickname for Australia, and it is a fitting appellation for a country that enjoys such a pleasant environment, a stable political system, and a plethora of natural resources.
Australia – Culture, Customs and Etiquette
A thorough overview of a number of important topics will be provided through this tutorial, including:
- Religious beliefs and practices
- Culture and society
- Social etiquette and traditions
- Business culture and etiquette
- And more.
Remember that this is merely a very basic level introduction to Australian culture and people; it does not attempt to account for the variety that exists within Australian society and is not intended to stereotypically represent all Australians you may come across.
Facts and Statistics
- Located in the Pacific Ocean, between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean, is the continent of Oceania. Capital:Canberra
- Climate: Generally dry to semiarid, with temperate conditions in the south and east and tropical conditions in the north. Population: 25 million (estimated for 2020)
- The ethnic makeup of the group is as follows: Caucasian 90 percent, Asian 7 percent, aboriginal and other 3 percent. Religions: Protestants account for 23% of the population (Anglican 13 percent , Baptist 2 percent , Pentecostal 2 percent , United 4 percent , Reformed 2 percent ) Roman Catholics account for 22%, other Christians account for 24%, non-Christians account for 11%, Muslims account for 3%, Buddhists account for 2%, and others account for 15%. Government: A democratic, federal-state government that recognizes the British monarchy as the supreme authority
- According to the Business Culture Complexity Index, the country is ranked 17th.
Languages in Australia
The majority of Australians speak English, but they have their own distinctive manner of speaking, which includes a colorful vocabulary, an accent characterized by rising intonation, a unique phonetic system, and slang (such as “Strine”) that can be difficult to get used to for foreigners. Some historians believe that clenching one’s teeth while saying the word “Australian” was the only method to keep the flies away while speaking, thus giving rise to the term “Strine.”
- In 1788, there were around 250 distinct Aboriginal languages and dialects spoken in Australia, including dialects of those languages. At the present time, just two-thirds of these languages are still in use, and only 20 of them (eight percent of the original 250) are regarded strong enough to have any chance of surviving long into the twenty-first century. It is concentrated in the most distant and isolated locations that the languages that have survived have survived, and attempts are being undertaken to revitalize and encourage language study in order to increase their prospects of survival. There are around 73 percent of the people who speak English, which makes it Australia’s most widely spoken language. Languages other than English reflect migratory trends and include Mandarin (3%), Cantonese (1%), Vietnamese (1%), Italian (1%), Greek (1%), Arabic (1%), Hindi (1%), Punjabi (1%), and ‘Other’ (13%) languages. Over 20% of individuals in Australia speak a language other than English at home, according to the 2016 Census of Population and Housing. The diversity of languages and the large proportion of bilingual speakers in Australian culture witness to the country’s multicultural composition.
It is normal to see the Aboriginal flag flown alongside the Australian flag in public places and public spaces. Photograph courtesy of Jochen Bullerjahnon Flickr is a photo-sharing website (CC BY-NC 2.0)
- The ideals of humility and genuineness are deeply ingrained in Australian society. Australia is known for being extremely down to earth, and its people are constantly careful not to give the idea that their country is superior than everyone else. They also tend to place a high emphasis on genuineness, humour, and informality, but despise pretentiousness and formality. Those who are modest, humble, and self-deprecating, as well as those with a sense of humour, tend to be well-liked by Australians. Being prepared for banter and sarcasm should be expected in this nation, especially if you are trying to establish friendships here. If you come from a society where ‘face’ is highly prized, you must be willing to set this aside and not take offense
- Otherwise, you risk alienating yourself. Most Australians are reluctant to attract attention to their academic or other achievements, and those who do tend to be distrustful of others who do. They will even downplay their own achievements in order to avoid being viewed as achievement-oriented
- And It is possible that this behavior will provide a barrier for people who come from cultures where titles, achievements, and credentials are highly revered and publicly marketed
- Nonetheless, it is unlikely.
Australian Relationships – ‘Mates’
- Being in a small town with a diverse population, it is critical to get along with everyone since you never know when your paths may cross again. Despite the fact that Australians place a high emphasis on relationships, they are also very faithful when it comes to friendships. In times of need, they may even turn to their’mates’ (friends) rather than their family members for assistance. It is common in relationships to emphasize equality, regardless of one’s money, gender, or origin. Because of this, Australians are less driven than individuals from other cultures to create relationships with others just because of their perceived wealth or position, as opposed to those from other cultures. Instead, Australians like to form relationships with individuals who are genuine, down to earth, and easy to get along with
- This is known as the authenticity factor. Those who attempt to showcase their achievements, riches, or qualifications may cause them to be distrustful of those who do so. Individuals who engage in such behavior are likely to be ‘lowered a peg or two’. The warmth and openness of their new Australian colleagues is something that expats migrating to Australia are accustomed to hearing about
- Typically, expats soon form trustworthy ties with their new Australian colleagues. The emphasis on equality in Australia tends to result in a win-win negotiation approach in the workplace, since it is regarded critical that everyone engaged leaves with favorable sentiments in order for future commercial dealings to proceed well.
A Multi-Cultural Society
In Australia, there is a significant mix of indigenous tribes, persons with historical European ancestors, and a broad mix of immigrant communities, which makes it a fairly multicultural culture. Australian citizens were born overseas in large numbers, according to the 2016 Consensus of Australia; about half the population had at least one parent who was born overseas, according to the same study.
- The indigenous people of Australia have lived on Australian soil for more than 65,000 years prior to the arrival of Europeans. Those indigenous communities, which were made up of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, had rich, ancient traditions and histories in common. The primary religion was known as ‘Dreamtime,’ and it was characterized by a strong belief in the existence of a spirit realm. At least 30,000 years have passed since the discovery of Dreamtime artifacts. Australia’s population grew to include both Aborigines and people of British and Irish heritage after its colonization by Europeans in the nineteenth century. Over time, indigenous peoples were displaced from their territories and marginalized, while European cultural traditions grew more prevalent on the continent. Large-scale migration from Europe (particularly Greece, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, and Yugoslavia), Lebanon, and Turkey occurred in response to Australia’s post-World War II strategy of aggressively inviting immigrants to grow the country’s population and labor force. Further large-scale migration occurred in the 1950s and 1960s, with an inflow of migrants to Australia from Northern Europe, Southern Europe, and Vietnam (as a result of the Vietnam War) in the 1970s. Despite the fact that Australia has fundamentally liberalized its immigration policy and opened its borders to South East Asia during the previous thirty years, this is no longer the case, and it is now much more difficult for South East Asians to come to Australia. The rising multicultural variety of Australia has resulted in a significant shift in people’s perceptions of themselves. Rather than the homogeneous, white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant nation of the past, Australians are beginning to re-define themselves as a multi-cultural and multi-faith community.
Ingram’s Rock, in Beechworth, is a popular hangout spot. Unsplash image courtesy of Johan Moucheton
- Because Australian culture is not very formal, welcomes are often informal and laidback. All that should be required is a simple handshake, smile, and ‘hello, how are you?’ It is OK to substitute the traditional handshake with a brief hello while entering a party or other informal function. While an Australian may say, ‘G’day’ or ‘G’day, mate,’ this may come off as condescending to a foreigner
- Nevertheless, this is not the case in Australia. Australians like to address people by their first names, even when meeting for the first time. Instead of using titles when you first meet someone, use your first name exclusively when you introduce yourself
- This will help you feel more at ease. Visitors to Australia who are attending an event with an Australian counterpart should be prepared to introduce themselves to other people in the group. Don’t rely on your opponent to do so
- Instead, do it yourself. Given the tactile nature of Australian culture, close friends may kiss each other on the cheek or give a short backslap or embrace
- To be on the safe side, you should refrain from embracing, kissing, or back-slapping someone unless you are familiar with them and in a social context.
Gift Giving Etiquette
- In order to commemorate significant occasions like as birthdays, births, engagements, and Christmas, it is customary practice to share little presents with immediate family members, close friends, and neighbors. Some tradespeople, such as sanitation workers, may be compensated with a bottle of wine or a six-pack of beer. If you are invited to someone’s home for dinner, it is customary to bring a box of chocolates, a bottle of wine, or flowers to your hosts as a gesture of goodwill. A good bottle of wine of high quality is constantly praised
- The importance put on humility and equality means that presents should be modest and not excessively costly. Even while giving high-value presents to family and friends is appropriate, providing high-value gifts to strangers might be embarrassing, since it may be regarded as you are flaunting your money. In Australia, it’s generally not a good idea to give cash to strangers, save in the case of children receiving a modest sum of money from a relative. Gifts are often opened immediately upon receipt.
Aussies enjoy a good beer and a good ‘barbie’. Photograph courtesy of Phil Whitehouse on Flickr (CC BY 2.0)
- Beer and a ‘barbie’ are two of Australia’s favorite pastimes. Photo courtesy of Flickr user Phil Whitehouse (CC BY 2.0)
Watch your table manners!
- In continental dining, table manners consist of holding the fork in the left hand and the knife in the right hand when eating
- In order to indicate that you have completed eating, place your knife and fork parallel to your plate, with the handles pointing to the right
- And When dining, keep your elbows off the table and your hands above the table.
Business Culture and Etiquette in Australia
- As a matter of fact, when it comes to business, Australians are quite pragmatic, and they do not require long-standing personal connections before doing business with others. Australians are known for communicating in a straightforward manner. Their speech is frequently laced with a sense of humour, which is frequently self-deprecating
- Australians are known for using colorful language that might be considered offensive in other nations.
Business Meeting Etiquette
- Appointments are required, and they are reasonably simple to schedule. Whenever feasible, they should be produced with plenty of advance time. When it comes to business, punctuality is critical to success. Rather than keeping someone waiting, it is preferable to come a few minutes early. Meetings are often informal, yet they are important events that must be attended. If an Australian takes issue with what you say, they will express their dissatisfaction with it
- You should avoid using hype or making excessive promises in your presentation. You should also avoid using bells and whistles. Facts and data should be used to support your business case. It is not important in the Australian business atmosphere to be affected by emotions and feelings.
The Strand Arcade, located on George Street in Sydney, is in close proximity to the city’s commercial core. Unsplash image courtesy of Kylie De Guiaon
Negotiating and Decision Making
- Australians are known for getting down to business fast and with the least amount of small talk
- They are straightforward and want others to be the same. There is a preference for succinctness, and they are not impressed by excessive detail. The negotiation process moves swiftly. Bargaining is not prevalent in this country. They will anticipate that your initial proposal will have just a little margin for error for further discussion. They dislike tactics that put them under a lot of strain. Despite the fact that choices are made after consulting with subordinates, decision-making is centralized at the top of the organization, which can result in decision-making that is lengthy and prolonged.
What to wear?
- Melbourne and Sydney are both conservative cities when it comes to business attire. Dark-colored, conservative business suits are appropriate attire for men. Women should dress in a professional manner, such as a business dress or a business suit. Men may choose to dress in shirts, ties, and Bermuda shorts in Brisbane or other tropical locations, depending on the work function and corporate culture
- Nevertheless, Bermuda shorts are not required.
- In the absence of a structured protocol, business cards are exchanged during the initial introduction. If you are not provided a business card, it is not considered an insult
- The person may just not have one on hand at the time.
- More information about the management culture in Australia may be found by clicking here.
Test Your Knowledge of Australia!
Is it accurate to say that you are well-versed in Austrian culture? Take our Cultural Quiz about Australia and put your knowledge to the test! Is it possible for you to achieve an 85 percent score? Once you begin, you’ll only have three minutes to complete the task!
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