- 1 The nation’s largest anti-sexual violence organization
- 2 National Sexual Assault Hotline. Free. Confidential. 24/7.
- 3 Survivor Stories
- 4 What are the warning signs for child sexual abuse?
- 5 88¢ of every $1 goes to helping survivors and preventing sexual violence.
- 6 Rape culture isn’t a myth. It’s real, and it’s dangerous.
- 6.1 What is rape culture? Rape culture is about much more than sexual assault
- 6.2 How the concept of rape culture is becoming mainstream
- 6.3 Rape culture blames victims, which allows impunity for the perpetrators
- 6.4 Blaming victims doesn’t just fail to prevent rapes — it constrains women’s lives and limits their opportunities
- 6.5 Rape culture means that rape is incredibly common. But rape culture also prevents us from knowing exactlyhowcommon.
- 6.6 Rape culture is a direct continuation of a time when gender discrimination was written right into the law
- 6.7 What can society do about rape culture?
- 7 Sexualized Violence Support and Information
- 8 Jackson Katz: Violence Against Women – It’s a Man’s Issue
- 9 Rape Culture, Victim Blaming, And The Facts
- 10 Examples of Rape Culture
- 11 Victim Blaming
- 12 Why is it Dangerous?
- 13 What Does Victim-Blaming Look Like?
- 14 How Can Men and Women Combat Rape Culture and Victim Blaming?
- 15 Dating and Domestic Violence Facts
- 16 Sexual Assault Facts
- 17 16 ways you can stand against rape culture
- 18 1. Create a culture of enthusiastic consent.
- 19 2. Speak out against the root causes.
- 20 3. Redefine masculinity.
- 21 4. Stop victim-blaming.
- 22 5. Have zero tolerance.
- 23 6. Broaden your understanding of rape culture.
- 24 7. Take an intersectional approach.
- 25 8. Know the history of rape culture.
- 26 9. Invest in women.
- 27 10. Listen to survivors.
- 28 11. Don’t laugh at rape.
- 29 12. Get involved.
- 30 13. End impunity.
- 31 14. Be an active bystander.
- 32 15. Educate the next generation.
- 33 16. Start—or join—the conversation.
- 34 Rape Culture
- 35 What Is Rape Culture?
- 36 Anyone Can Be a Rapist
- 37 Victim Blaming
- 38 The Myth of Preventing Rape
- 39 Rape Jokes
- 40 Fear of Reporting
- 41 False Rape Accusations
- 42 The Power of Celebrity
- 43 Lack of Attention to Rape in Minority Communities
The nation’s largest anti-sexual violence organization
No matter if you’re seeking for assistance, information, advice, or a referral, our team of highly trained support professionals is here to assist you. Help Is Available Support, self-care skills, and information are all available to survivors of sexual violence and their loved ones through the RAINN mobile app. Download the App now! When you have been the victim of a sexual assault, it may be quite beneficial to have support in your local community. Local service providers make it simple for you to get medical attention and other services.
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National Sexual Assault Hotline. Free. Confidential. 24/7.
It makes a difference where you reside when it comes to anything from the legal definition of rape to the statute of limitations for a specific sex offense. See our state-by-state guide to the legislation in your area. Read on to find out more
Find out what it means to courageously speak their experience and be believed, and about the many ways they have taken to continue their recovery following sexual violence from survivors of abuse. Read on to find out more
What are the warning signs for child sexual abuse?
More Information about Stats
88¢ of every $1 goes to helping survivors and preventing sexual violence.
Statistics in more depth
Rape culture isn’t a myth. It’s real, and it’s dangerous.
A word that you are more likely to hear while reading or discussing tales about sexual assault is “rape culture,” which means “rape culture.” It may appear to be merely another way of talking about high-profile rape scandals, sexual assault in universities or the military, or allegations against famous persons such as Bill Cosby, Woody Allen, Jerry Sandusky, or Roman Polanski, but this is not the case.
For example, the uproar over a Rolling Stone story on the University of Virginia’s treatment of rapes on campus.
rape culture is explained in detail in the next section.
What is rape culture? Rape culture is about much more than sexual assault
Suitwalk protesters march through the streets of New York City in 2012. Photo courtesy of Justin Talis (AFP/Getty Images). Rape culture is defined as a society in which sexual violence is accepted as the norm and in which victims are held responsible for their own attack. In this case, it is not only about sexual violence itself, but also about cultural norms and institutions that protect rapists and encourage impunity, shame victims, and require women to make unreasonably difficult choices in order to escape sexual assault.
Consequently, certain possibilities are denied to women, while others are constrained by costly safety precautions, such as not traveling for business networking unless you can afford to pay for a hotel room on your own dime.
Over time, the cost of that tax accumulates in the form of chances missed and progress not made.
And while rape culture has its roots in long-standing patriarchal power structures that were intended to benefit men, today’s rape culture burdens men as well, for example, by ignoring the fact that men can be victims of rape and sexual assault, just as women can be perpetrators of such crimes, among other things.
Defining the purpose of rape culture is far broader than just lowering the frequency with which sexual assault happens or the impunity that permits it to grow; the issues at the heart of rape culture are considerably more complex and pervasive.
How the concept of rape culture is becoming mainstream
Suitwalk protesters march through the streets of New York City in 2012. Photo courtesy of Justin Talis via AFP/Getty Images In rape culture, sexual violence is seen as the norm, and victims are held responsible for their own assaults on others. It is not only about sexual violence itself, but also about societal norms and institutions that protect rapists, promote impunity, shame victims, and require women to make unreasonably difficult sacrifices in order to avoid being sexually harassed. rape culture puts pressure on women to give up their freedoms and opportunities in order to keep safe, because it places the duty of safety on women’s shoulders and holds them accountable when they fail.
In essence, this amounts to a tax that is only levied against females and only against females.
In order to remain secure, women must give up social and economic prospects.
Although rape culture has its roots in long-standing patriarchal power structures that were intended to benefit men, today’s rape culture places additional burdens on men as well, for example, by ignoring the fact that men can be victims of rape and sexual assault, just as women can be perpetrators of such crimes.
The purpose of talking about rape culture is considerably broader than just lowering the frequency with which sexual assault occurs or the impunity that allows it to grow, because the issues at the heart of rape culture are much more complex and multifaceted.
Rape culture blames victims, which allows impunity for the perpetrators
A Slutwalk rally in Chicago in 2013 was attended by a large number of protesters (Scott Olson/Getty Images). ) First and foremost, rape culture views rape as an issue that can be remedied by improving the conduct of future rape victims (who are supposed to be females, according to this reasoning), rather than changing the behavior of potential rapists (who are presumed to be men). This pattern can appear in a variety of ways. It’s a typical case in point when an observer (or rapist) accuses the rape victim for drawing attention to herself by wearing exposing apparel to the rapist’s notice.
Another version of this argument is the “personal responsibility” lecture that is frequently given to young female college students, in which they are advised to refrain from drinking or attending fraternity parties in order to avoid becoming one of the one in every five young women who is sexually assaulted by the time she graduates.
- UCCR and SAPR are the data sources.
- Rape is commonly represented in the media as a “genuine” crime, and police officers, prosecutors, and juries often believe this to be true.
- The offense is promptly reported to law enforcement and is backed by substantial physical evidence.
- The impunity extends beyond the confines of the judicial system.
- These institutional inadequacies are exacerbated by social pressure on victims to remain silent and by patterns of blame or exclusion that are exhibited toward victims who do come forward with their stories.
- The Department of Defense estimates that 26,000 service members were raped or sexually assaulted in 2012 alone, with slightly more than half of those victims being men, according to a study by the United States Commission on Civil Rights (US Commission on Civil Rights).
- Because military members who did report being attacked frequently risked reprisal from their superiors, who had the authority to choose whether or not their cases might advance, there was solid justification for this.
She was subjected to more threats and harassment until being “medically retired” from the military in 2012.
Blaming victims doesn’t just fail to prevent rapes — it constrains women’s lives and limits their opportunities
As a result of all of this, it comes as no surprise that rape is rampant, victims are hushed, and perpetrators go unpunished in our society. Another less evident but equally harmful effect of rape culture is that it polices the lives of women, restricting their freedom and limiting their chances. It is unfair to leave the duty of preventing sexual attack on women, because it gives sexual predators the ability to establish the boundaries for women’s life. Those who do not comply are held accountable for their own actions.
- Kathy Sierra, a blogger and programmer, and feminist media criticAnita Sarkeesian are two instances of women who have faced internet threats.
- However, it is frequently more subtle.
- Traveling by yourself.
- Over time, these restrictions accumulate, resulting in rape culture becoming a tax on the lives and possibilities of women.
Rape culture means that rape is incredibly common. But rape culture also prevents us from knowing exactlyhowcommon.
(Photo courtesy of Mandl Ngan/AFP/Getty Images) ) Rape culture facilitates the spread of rape. However, it also makes it difficult to measure — which, in turn, makes rape even more prevalent. Many victims are unwilling to come forward because of stigma and victim-blaming, as well as the (often right) belief that reporting a rape to law enforcement would not result in prosecution. As a result, underreporting of rapes adds to underreporting of rapes. Stereotypes about what constitutes “true” rape have an impact on the definitions employed in data collection: if the crime is defined too narrowly, some rapes will be missed from the statistics, while others will be included.
Although rape culture has contributed to the difficulties of adequately assessing rape and sexual assault, this is not the only cause of the problem.
It is difficult to determine the extent to which rape and sexual assault occur due to a lack of full and trustworthy statistics.
Rape culture is a direct continuation of a time when gender discrimination was written right into the law
Lord Matthew Hale has a lot to answer for, to put it mildly (Scientific Identity) Rape culture does not emerge out of thin air on its own. In many ways, it is a direct continuation of centuries of patriarchal authority and the institutions that have grown up to support it. When the United States was created, the powers that be — that is, males — established a legal and social framework in which women’s rights were subservient to men’s rights. While the grounds for this system were frequently couched in morality and tradition, as well as the necessity to “protect” women, the reality was that they were all about male authority over women when they were put into place.
History is replete with examples of males wringing their hands in fear at the prospect of granting women such authority.
In one famous rape trial from the 18th century, the defense counsel told the jury that the rape allegation “put the life of a citizen in the hands of a woman.” (The “citizen” in question, Harry Bedlow, was ultimately found not guilty.) According to another judge, in rape cases, “the chance that injustice will be done to the defendant is substantially greater than the danger that wrong will be done to the defendant in trials of any other sort.” Those concepts are not merely a relic of the past.
California courts were compelled to provide the following jury instruction in rape trials until 1975, when the law changed “The defendant in this instance was charged with a crime that was simple to make and, once created, was difficult to defend against, even if the person accused was innocent of the crime.
This used to be done more openly than it is now, but the parallels with contemporary responses to rape allegations are startling.
First and foremost, the woman had to demonstrate that she physically opposed the attack; in the words of one New York court in 1838, “she must struggle until she is tired or overwhelmed in order for a jury to decide that it was done against her will.” Many states additionally required that the lady scream for assistance and report the attack within 24 hours in order for it to be considered a criminal offense and prosecutable.
- Even when all of these requirements were satisfied, the credibility of the women’s evidence was balanced against the reputation and respectability of the alleged rapist.
- If any of this sounds familiar, it probably is.
- The background and character of a woman who comes forward with an allegation of rape will very certainly be investigated.
- What was she doing at the party in the first place?
- If she does not disclose the attack immediately, it will be assumed that she is lying and that she is lying about it.
She will also be judged on her social standing in comparison to that of her rapist. In general, the greater the social standing of her assailant, the less probable it is that she will be viewed as trustworthy.
What can society do about rape culture?
Senator Kirsten Gillibrand and Sarah Plummer, a former United States Marine and survivor of sexual assault, talk during a press conference in favor of the Military Justice Improvement Act (Win McNamee/Getty Images). ) There isn’t a single program or piece of legislation that can miraculously address the rape problem. Campaigns by organizations such as Know Your IX and Hollaback have, on the other hand, drawn attention to the issues that are fuelling rape culture and have assisted women in organizing against it.
Changes in institutional structures will be important as well.
Even if the White House has created a task force to address the problem of sexual assaults on college campuses, it is too soon to tell what impact it will have.
Sexualized Violence Support and Information
Sarah Plummer, a former United States Marine and survivor of sexual assault, talks during a press conference in favor of the Military Justice Improvement Act with Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (Win McNamee/Getty Images). ) One program or regulation will not be enough to bring about an end to rape culture in the United States. Know Your IX and Hollaback, among other organizations, have conducted awareness campaigns on the issues that drive rape culture, and have assisted women in organizing in opposition to them.
Also important will be institutional shifts.
Even if the White House has created a task force to address the problem of sexual assaults on college campuses, it is too early to tell what effect it will have.
Jackson Katz: Violence Against Women – It’s a Man’s Issue
Rape culture is a word that was used by feminists in the United States in the 1970s to describe a subculture of sexual assault. There were several goals for this piece, including demonstrating how society condemned victims of sexual assault and normalized sexual violence. Many feminists have presented excellent explanations of what rape culture is and how it manifests itself on a day-to-day basis. Author Emilie Buchwald outlines how society accepts and promotes rape culture as a result of normalizing sexualized violence, as she describes in her book Transforming a Rape Culture.
- If you grow up in a culture where women are raped, you learn to recognize a continuum of threatening violence that runs from sexual comments to sexual contact to the act of rape itself.
- Rape culture is characterized by the assumption that sexual assault is an unavoidable and unavoidable part of life.
- The following is the website Force: Getting the Rape Angry A definition provided by CuCulture is that rape culture is comprised of the visual and verbal cues (pictures, language, legislation, and other everyday occurrences) that we see and hear on a daily basis to justify and perpetuate rape.
- Rape culture includes jokes, television, music, advertising, legal jargon, laws, words, and imagery that make violence against women and sexual coercion seem so normal that people believe that rape is unavoidable.
- Melissa McEwan, the founder of the political and cultural group blogShakesville, presents an in-depth explanation of rape culture that addresses the concerns raised by the questions.
- It is a fantastic definition that includes several examples of Rape Culture, and it can be found here: Rape Culture Definition.
- They do exist, and I mean it in all seriousness.
… “The ladies we cover in the magazine are decorative,” says a magazine editor, who goes on to say that they are “objectified.” … A number of prominent news sites have expressed sympathy for the “promising” lives of two young rapists who have been wrecked by a youthful error, without once considering how the rape may have affected the survivor.
… This is an example of an apizza marketing campaign that makes light of rape.
There are 10,000 untested rape kits collecting dust on a shelf in some warehouse someplace.
Maintaining awareness of rape culture is difficult work, but we will not be able to disrupt the culture of violence until we are ready to recognize it for what it truly is.” A former WAVAW Coordinator, Alana, shares her thoughts on the subject.
More information about the work we conduct may be found by clicking here.
Rape Culture, Victim Blaming, And The Facts
It is an atmosphere in which rape is pervasive and in which sexual violence is accepted and justified in the media and popular culture that is referred to as “Rape Culture.” Rape culture is fostered by the use of sexist language, the objectification of women’s bodies, and the glamorization of sexual violence, all of which contribute to the development of a society that is hostile to women’s rights and safety.
Examples of Rape Culture
- Putting the blame on the victim (“She requested it!”)
- Reducing sexual assault to a child’s game (“Boys will be boys!”)
- Jokes that are sexually explicit
- Tolerance for sexual harassment and assault
- Inflating the number of fake rape reports received
- Making a victim’s clothing, mental condition, intentions, and background available for public scrutiny Gendered violence that is gratuitous in films and on television
- Manhood is defined as dominating and sexually aggressive, whereas femininity is defined as meek and sexually passive. Men are under intense pressure to “score”
- Women are under pressure to avoid being “cold.” Assuming that only promiscuous women are targeted for rape
- It is reasonable to assume that guys do not be raped or that only “weak” men get raped. Resisting the notion that rape allegations are serious
- Educating women on how to prevent being raped
An example of this is when individuals accuse a victim of something in order to remove themselves from an unpleasant event and therefore reinforce their own invulnerability to the danger. Others may perceive the victim as being different from themselves if they label or accuse the victim of anything. The belief that “since I am not like her, because I do not do that, this would never happen to me” helps people feel more secure in their own skin. We must educate people on the fact that this is not a good response.
Why is it Dangerous?
Victim-blaming attitudes push the victim/survivor to the sidelines, making it more difficult for them to come forward and report the abuse. If the victim is aware that you or society holds her responsible for the abuse, she will not feel secure or comfortable coming forward and talking to you about her or his experiences. It also reinforces what the abuser has been saying all along, which is that the victim is to blame for what has been occurring to them. It is NOT the victim’s fault or obligation to rectify the situation; rather, it is the abuser’s option whether or not to intervene.
What Does Victim-Blaming Look Like?
An example of a victim-blaming attitude is as follows: “She must have done something to push him into becoming violent.” “They both need to adjust their ways.” Fact: This remark makes the assumption that the victim shares equal responsibility for the abuse, whereas in reality, abuse is a deliberate choice made by the abuser. In response to their partner’s conduct, abusers have an option in how they respond. Other alternatives to abuse include: walking away, discussing in the present, respectfully stating why a particular action is frustrating, breaking up, and so on.
By remaining neutral about the violence and stating that both parties must change, friends and relatives are collaborating with and supporting the abusive spouse, decreasing the likelihood that the survivor will seek assistance.
How Can Men and Women Combat Rape Culture and Victim Blaming?
- Avoid using language that is derogatory or objectifying toward women. If you overhear someone else making an insensitive joke or trivializing rape, speak out and let them know. If a buddy tells you that they have been raped, take their story seriously and provide your support
- Examine the messages that the media conveys about women, men, relationships, and violence with a critical eye. Even in informal circumstances, be considerate of other people’s physical spaces. Make survivors aware that they are not to blame for what has happened. Abusers must be held accountable for their acts
- They must not be allowed to make excuses such as blaming the victim, drink, or drugs for their crimes. Always speak with sexual partners and never presume that they have given their consent. Make a personal definition of what it means to be a man or woman. Do not allow stereotypes to influence your conduct. Be a Participating Bystander
The following is an adaptation of material from Marshall University and the Center for Relationship Abuse Awareness.
Dating and Domestic Violence Facts
FACT: No one, regardless of their behavior, should be subjected to physical, verbal, or sexual abuse of any kind. It is true that blaming a victim for a violent crime is an effective method of manipulating both the victim and everyone around him or her. Often, batterers may remark to their victims, “You made me upset,” “You made me jealous,” or “You made me jealous,” or they will try to shift the blame by adding, “Everyone acts like that.” The majority of victims attempt to appease and please their abusive spouses in order to de-escalate the violence, but this seldom works.
- FACT: Many abuse victims continue to love their partners despite the violence, hold themselves responsible, or believe they have no support structure or resources outside of the relationship, leading them to believe they are unable to leave.
- MYTH: Feelings of jealousy and possessiveness are indications that the other person regards you as his or her possession.
- This is known as domestic abuse when one partner regularly threatens, harms, or puts down the other partner on a regular basis.
- FACT: While women account for the vast majority of victims of domestic abuse, men may also be the target of intimate partner violence.
- In our society, a large proportion (the majority) of males and young men do not engage in violence.
- In their relationships, men who use violence make a conscious decision about where and when to employ violence.
- Declaring that “all men are violent” shifts the responsibility for the violence to someone else and prevents the offender from being held accountable for his or her actions.
In fact, one-third of all high school and college-age young people have experienced violence in an intimate or romantic relationship at some point in their lives. Physical violence is just as frequent among partners in their twenties and thirties as it is among married couples.
Sexual Assault Facts
FAITHFUL: Sexual assault may and has been perpetrated against men, women and children of all ages, ethnicities, religious beliefs, and socioeconomic backgrounds. Sexist harassment and sexual assault are common in rural communities, small towns, and major cities. By the age of eighteen, it is anticipated that one in every three females and one in every six boys will have been sexually assaulted. Ripped or attempted rape happens every 5 minutes in the United States, according to the United States Department of Justice.
- Sexual assault is a violent attack on an individual, rather than a spontaneous crime of sexual passion that occurs without provocation.
- No one “asks” for or deserves to be subjected to this kind of assault.
- According to studies, roughly 80 percent to 90 percent of women who report sexual assaults were aware of their assailant’s identity.
- The vast majority of assaults take place in settings that are typically considered to be safe, such as homes, automobiles, and places of business.
- According to CONNSACS, just 2% of all reported rapes are in fact fraudulent reports.
- FACT: Men may and do become victims of sexual assault.
- Sexual assault against males is believed to be significantly underreported.
- Interracial rape is a rare occurrence, yet it does happen.
- Sexual assaults are not motivated by a desire to be sexually assaulted.
- THE FACTS: Sexual offenders come from a diverse range of educational and vocational backgrounds, as well as ethnic and cultural backgrounds.
ANY time someone is forced to have intercourse against their will, they have been sexually assaulted, regardless of whether or not they resisted or said “no.” Various factors, such as shock, fear, threats, or the height and power of the assailant, might prevent a victim from engaging in physical combat with their attacker.
Each survivor deals with the trauma of the assault in his or her own unique manner. Based on information from the Connecticut Sexual Assault Crisis Services (CONNSACS)
16 ways you can stand against rape culture
Published first on Medium.com/@UN Women. Photograph courtesy of Hanna Barczyk “Boys will be boys,” says the author. “She was intoxicated.” “Women say “no” when they really mean “yes,” says the author. Rape culture is quite prevalent. In the way we think, speak, and move about in the world, it has been ingrained in us. Rape culture is always founded in patriarchal values, power, and control, regardless of the environment in which it is practiced. Rappa culture is defined as the social context that allows for the normalization and justification of sexual violence.
The recognition of rape culture is the first step toward its abolition.
We can all take action to combat rape culture, starting with our views toward gender identities and progressing through the policies we support in our communities.
1. Create a culture of enthusiastic consent.
Consent that has been freely granted is required at all times. Rather than waiting for a “no,” ensure that there is a resounding “yes” from everyone who is part of the conversation. Adopt a positive attitude toward consent and talk about it with others.
2. Speak out against the root causes.
Rape culture may thrive as long as we subscribe to ideals of masculinity that characterize violence and power as “strong” and “masculine,” and as long as women and girls are undervalued and underrepresented. The mindset of victim-blaming, which argues that the victim, rather than the offender, bears blame for an assault, also serves as a foundation for it. When addressing situations of sexual violence, the sobriety, clothing, and sexual orientation of the victim are all irrelevant. Instead, challenge the assumption that men and boys must achieve power via violence, and call into question the idea that sex is an entitlement for men and boys.
3. Redefine masculinity.
Photograph courtesy of Hanna Barczyk Analyze what masculinity means to you, and how you demonstrate it in your daily activities. Incorporating feminist concepts into self-reflection, community dialogues, and creative expression are just a few of the tools accessible to men and boys (as well as women and girls) to evaluate and rethink masculinities.
4. Stop victim-blaming.
Because language is strongly ingrained in society, it is easy to overlook that the words and phrases we use on a daily basis influence our perception of the world. Rape-affirming ideas are deeply ingrained in our linguistic structure: “She was dressed in a slutlike manner. “She had specifically requested it.” It is in the lyrics of a popular song: “I know you want it.” It is normalized in popular culture and the media by objectifying women and calling them derogatory names.
Choosing to leave behind words and lyrics that blame victims, objectify women, and justify sexual harassment is entirely up to you. Regardless of what a woman is wearing, how much she has consumed, or where she is at a given time, these factors do not constitute an invitation to rape.
5. Have zero tolerance.
Establish rules of zero tolerance for sexual harassment and violence in the places where you live, work, and play in order to protect yourself and others. In particular, leaders must make it clear that they are dedicated to sustaining a zero-tolerance policy, and that this policy must be practiced on a daily basis. Take a look at what you can do to make harassment at work a thing of the past as a starting point.
6. Broaden your understanding of rape culture.
Rape culture manifests itself in a variety of ways throughout time and space. In order to understand rape culture, it is necessary to acknowledge that it encompasses more than just the act of a guy attacking a woman when she is walking alone at night. Consider the fact that rape culture comprises a wide range of destructive behaviors that deprive women and girls of their autonomy and rights, such as child marriage and female genital mutilation, among many others. Understand the causes that contribute to rape culture as well as the myths that surround it.
7. Take an intersectional approach.
Photograph courtesy of Hanna Barczyk We are all affected by rape culture, regardless of our gender identities, sexual orientations, socioeconomic statuses, races, religions, or ages. In order to eradicate it, it is necessary to abandon limiting notions of gender and sexuality that restrict a person’s ability to identify and express themselves. Several qualities, such as sexual orientation, handicap status, or race, as well as several environmental factors, enhance the susceptibility of women to violence.
- During humanitarian crises, widespread discrimination against women and girls typically serves to intensify sexual violence against women and girls.
- While working as an IT project manager, a male coworker began to sexually harass her while on business travels.
- When she revealed to him that she was a lesbian, his harassment increased in intensity.
- “He told me that I needed a strong man on my side.
When males make sexual attempts towards women, it is considered normal.” If you are invisible in normal life, it is unlikely that your needs would be considered, let alone met, in a crisis scenario, says Matcha Phorn-in, who works to meet the specific requirements of LGBTIA persons in crisis situations.
8. Know the history of rape culture.
Throughout history, rape has been utilized as a weapon of war and oppression by both sides. There have been instances where it has been used to humiliate women and their communities, as well as for ethnic cleansing and genocide. There aren’t any fast readings for this particular piece. The use of sexual violence throughout historical and present wars such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemalan civil war, and Kosovo conflict might serve as a starting point for your research.
9. Invest in women.
Consider making a donation to groups that empower women, amplify their voices, help survivors, and encourage acceptance of all gender identities and sexual orientations. UNESCO aims to eradicate violence against women, aid survivors, and ensure equal rights for all women and girls across the world. Make a donation right now at.
10. Listen to survivors.
Photograph courtesy of Hanna Barczyk It is more important than ever before for survivors of assault to come up in the age of #MeToo and other internet campaigns such as Time’s Up, NiUnaMenos, and BalanceTonPorc. Follow them on social media to hear about their experiences, read about survivors and activists from across the world, and learn more about Orange The World and Generation Equality. “Why didn’t she leave?” you shouldn’t ask. “We understand what you’re saying.” We are aware of your presence.
11. Don’t laugh at rape.
Rape is never a good laugh-inducing punchline. Victims of sexual abuse are less likely to speak out when their permission is violated because of rape jokes, which delegitimize the act. Humor that normalizes and excuses sexual assault is not appropriate in any situation. It’s time to call it out.
12. Get involved.
The absence or lack of implementation of laws addressing violence against women, as well as discriminatory rules on property ownership, marriage, divorce, and child custody, contribute to the persistence of rape culture. Check out the worldwide database on violence against women to learn more about what your nation is doing to safeguard women and girls in your community. Ensure that laws that promote gender equality are properly implemented by working with your elected officials.
13. End impunity.
Photograph courtesy of Hanna Barczyk In order to put a stop to rape culture, perpetrators must be held responsible. By pursuing incidents of sexual violence, we demonstrate that these actions are criminal in nature and convey a clear message of zero-tolerance. Fighting for justice and accountability should be undertaken wherever there is opposition to legal penalties for violators.
14. Be an active bystander.
One in every three women in the world is a victim of abuse. Violence against women is alarmingly prevalent, and we may find ourselves in the presence of non-consensual or aggressive behavior on the part of others. Participating as an active bystander sends a message to the perpetrator that their behavior is undesirable and may help someone stay secure in their own home or workplace. First and first, analyze the situation to decide what type of assistance, if any, may be required. Supporting the victim of sexual harassment may be as simple as asking how they are doing or if they need assistance, documenting the incident, creating distractions in order to diffuse the situation, or making a short and clear statement directly to the perpetrator such as “I’m uncomfortable with what you’re doing,” among other things.
Prepare yourself by reading about how to be an active bystander and enrolling in a bystander intervention training course offered by your local institution, municipality, or non-profit organization.
15. Educate the next generation.
It is in our power to encourage the next generation of feminists around the world. Children are exposed to gender stereotypes and aggressive notions in the media, on the streets, and at school. They should be encouraged to challenge these ideas. Make it clear to your children that they are welcome to be themselves in your home. Assure them of their decisions and instill the value of consent in them from an early age. Are you looking for information that will inspire you? Check out this list of 12 feminist novels that everyone should read!
16. Start—or join—the conversation.
Talk to your family and friends about how you can all work together to put an end to the rape culture that exists in your neighborhoods. If we are to stand together against rape culture, it will take all of us working together, whether it is organizing a conversation club that unpacks the meaning of masculinity, raising funds for a women’s rights group, or joining forces to protest anti-rights women’s choices and laws. You can participate in the debate right now by following the hashtags #Orangetheworld and #GenerationEquality on Twitter.
Those who believe in Rape Culture are taught to believe that victims have had a role in their own victimization and are thus accountable for what has occurred to them.
How does Rape Culture Impact Survivors?
A definition of rape culture is a set of stereotypical, erroneous ideas about rape that serve to legitimize sexual aggressiveness while downplaying the gravity of sexual assault. Rape culture has a harmful influence on survivors, as it serves as a deafening silence for individuals who seek to express themselves. This setting fosters a culture of victim blaming (see section below), in which individuals are assessed and believed to be accountable for what has occurred to them as a result of their circumstances.
Individuals who become used to these rape myths are more prone to assign blame for the rape to the victim and to believe that the trauma connected with the rape is less intense or implausible.
weareultraviolet.org/rapeculture is the source of the graphic.
What is Victim Blaming?
In criminal justice, victim blaming is a demeaning act that happens when the victim(s) of a crime are held accountable – either entirely or partially – for the crime(s) that have been perpetrated against them. Examples:
- I was strongly advised not to file a police report since “this family offers a great deal of assistance” to the college
- Nonetheless, a panel of students and professors determined that there had been a “miscommunication.” If it was a real attack, you wouldn’t have any injuries, which makes it much more difficult to accept. “Because you aren’t exhibiting any emotion, it is safe to assume that it did not happen.” It’s no surprise you were raped since your skirt was too short. It’s also no surprise you were raped because you strolled through an unsafe neighborhood. • “You outed yourself as trans on a website, so it’s no surprise you’re being discriminated against.” • “You outed yourself as lesbian, so it’s no surprise you’re being discriminated against.”
A COMMON MYTH: False rape complaints are frequently made. The percentage of fraudulent reports is estimated to be roughly 2%, according to current estimates. This is on par with false reports for any other crime in terms of importance. MYTH: Men are incapable of being raped. FACT: Both men and women may be sexually attacked. Men in same-sex partnerships are frequently subjected to the greatest amount of stigma and prejudice. Males are meant to be powerful, self-sufficient, and capable of “fending off” an attack, according to traditional gender norms.
- FACTS: Ninety percent of all sexual assaults are committed by someone who knows the victim.
- FACT: Approximately one-third of all high school and college-aged persons have experienced violence in an intimate or romantic relationship at some point in their lives.
- FACT: Submitting anything does not imply permission.
- Truth: The notion that a victim may “provoke” a sexual assault is based on the assumption that offenders are unable to control their actions.
FACT: Consent is not a legally enforceable contract that absolves a person of all subsequent decision-making authority and grants them entire control over another’s bodily functions. (See this page for further information.)
How Can I Help?
- Take a look at yourself and see which areas of your ideas, attitudes, and behaviors require revision. Avoid using language that is derogatory to others. Take the time to educate oneself. Do not allow stereotypes to influence your conduct. Participants should take part in educational and outreach events in order to raise awareness among others. Don’t be afraid to reach out! Make your voice heard! Identify and call out injustices! Be an Active Bystander instead of a passive bystander! YOU CAN HELP: Create a community of “people like us” as well as “those who are different from us.” Volunteer for SHARPP and serve as a role model for others. Improve the state of systems by utilizing your area of influence Take good care of yourself
- Always speak with sexual partners and never presume that they have given their consent. Make survivors aware that they are not to blame for what has happened.
Burt and Lonsway, 1980; Burt, 1980; Lonsway, 1980 End Violence Against Women International (Fitzger 1994, Gerger, Kley, Bohner 2007, McMahon Farmer 2011) is a non-profit organization dedicated to ending violence against women. RAINN Connecticut Sexual Assault Crisis Services (CONNSACS)The Cycle of Liberation, The Cycle of Liberation, Bobbi Harro *images courtesy of Bobbi Harro 1.Reporting Sexual Assault: Why Survivors Often Don’t, and What Can Be Done to Help. On June 8, 2016, the Maryland Coalition Against Sexual Assault provided the following information: 2.Tens of thousands of rape kits are left untreated across the United States, according to USA Today on July 7, 2015.
4.The Psychological Impact of Rape Victims’ Experiences with the Legal, Medical, and Mental Health Systems, American Psychologist, November 2008; 5.The Psychological Impact of Rape Victims’ Experiences with the Legal, Medical, and Mental Health Systems 5.Male victims of sexual assault are more likely than female victims to be falsely accused of it, according to research.
RAINN, Ireland, March 27, 2012 –
What Is Rape Culture?
People are not taught not to rape, but they are trained not to be raped in “rape culture,” which is a culture in which sexual assault is regarded the norm. Despite the fact that the phrase was coined by feminists in the 1970s, it has gained popularity in recent years as more survivors tell their tales. An introduction to the most important aspects of rape culture is provided here.
Anyone Can Be a Rapist
AP File (Application Program File) It is widely believed that the majority of rapes are committed by strangers lurking in the bushes, and that this is the defining story of the culture of rape. And then something like this happens. However, this is not the only way rape occurs, and this narrative might disguise the fact that rape occurs in a variety of settings. In The Independent, Laurie Penny summarizes the situation as follows: As a culture, we are still refusing to acknowledge that the vast majority of rapes are perpetrated by regular guys, men who have friends and families, men who may even have accomplished great or good things in their life, as is the case in the United States.
A large part of the reason for our reluctance to accept it is that it is a difficult concept to contemplate – it is far easier to continue to believe that only evil men rape, that only violent, psychotic men lurking in alleyways with pantomime-villain mustaches and knives, than it is to consider that rape might be something that ordinary men do.
According to a poll conducted in the United Kingdom of adults aged 14–25, over one-third of pupils do not learn about consent in mandated sex education sessions.
The romantic notion of the “chase” has been around for a long time.
In addition, while some of the songs may not appear to be malevolent in nature — “Blurred Lines” or “Baby, It’s Cold Outside,” for example – highlighting the necessity of personal space and decision-making is a vital part of combating rape culture in general.
For example, among the BDSM groups, the word “no” might be used to signify “yes.” However, as Jessica Valenti points out in The Nation, the difficulty is that consent is not the default option: There will be no justice for rape victims until American society and law recognizes sexual consent as something that is voluntarily and willingly offered.
It is past time for the United States to abandon the “no means no” way of comprehending sexual assault and instead focus on the concept of “only ‘yes’ means yes.”
Pool Reuters/Reuters / New / Reuters Trent Mays (on the left) and Malik Richmond (on the right) appear in juvenile court in March. A 14-year-old Missouri girl was reportedly raped by a Maryville High School football player in the early hours of January 8, 2012, after she had passed out from being inebriated. A 16-year-old West Virginia girl was raped by two Steubenville High School football players in the early hours of August 12, 2012, after she had passed out from intoxication. Both instances attracted national media attention — but only the Steubenville case ended in a conviction, and only the victim in the Maryville case, Daisy Coleman, chose to come forward.
- In fact, Coleman had only recently relocated to town, while the Steubenville teenager resided in another state.
- The girls’ testimonies went viral, resulting in an increase of antagonism toward them, with many people placing more emphasis on what the girls did wrong rather than their claimed assailants.
- Photos from an alleged sexual assault that took place on a popular street corner during Ohio University’s homecoming are shown on the left in the photo gallery above.
- On the right, you can see a similar occurrence that occurred during an Eminem performance and involved an Irish youngster.
The Slanegirl episode, according to Eva Wiseman of the Guardian, was an extreme but regrettably typical example of female-focused public humiliation that now occurs on a global scale, and she described it as follows: It is possible for women to be harassed on the street on a regular basis, which only serves to reinforce the climate of violence and powerlessness that has allowed rape culture to flourish in recent years.
Stopstreetharassment.org argues how a society in which men feel comfortable making unwanted sexual attempts against women they don’t know in public is the same environment in which men feel comfortable raping women who are not their friends.
It is the fact that your drive to express yourself outweighs her right to be left alone.
The Myth of Preventing Rape
Many talks about rape are centered on preventative behavior, such as advising women what they should and should not do, what they should and should not wear, and when they should and should not go out. These individuals are not held accountable by this logic, though. Old saying goes that ladies who dress provocatively are the same as homeowners who don’t lock their doors at night. This is true to some extent. However, this reasoning merely serves to further dehumanize women by requiring them to bear responsibility for avoiding their own rape as well.
The message conveyed by products such as the ribbed anti-rape condom shown above or hairy-legs stockings for women to wear at night is that women should protect themselves — or, in the case of the leggings, make women less sexually attractive to men — rather than “men, please be mindful of respecting the personal and sexual boundaries of a woman.” When writing about the dismal state of anti-rape clothing, Emma Woolley of the Globe and Mail wrote: “Ultimately, we must acknowledge that this is the state of things: Some women have bought into the inevitability of sexual attack so fully that they are resorting to anti-rape equipment for security.”
THE CENTER OF COMEDY Underlying the dispute over whether or not rape jokes may be amusing is the bigger question of whether or not it is good for a society to laugh at the concept of sexual violence in general. During the height of the Daniel Tosh rape joke issue, Lindy West of Jezebel authored a post titled “How to Make a Rape Joke,” which was published on Jezebel. According to West, Tosh’s rape joke, as well as most other well-known rape jokes, merely serve to reinforce a power dynamic that makes sexual assault appear normal and acceptable in society.
Simply put, either be a fucking nice person about it or abandon the moral high ground and accept the consequences of making the world a poorer place.” This is the concept that a “good guy” might be unfairly placed in a sexless friend zone by a woman who is close to him but does not recognize that he would be an excellent romantic partner for her.
When you consider that, according to the Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network, approximately two-thirds of rapes are committed by someone who is known to the victim, the idea of a friend secretly pining after a girl while also being unable to respect her personal boundaries isn’t quite so romantic.
When I was younger, I was a victim of this scam as well.
In the video above, a prominent YouTube pickup artist physically picks up ladies he doesn’t know on a college campus, which is captured on tape.
People can read pickup artistry instructions without becoming rapists, as S.
Smith of XoJane pointed out the following month: “Clearly, people can read PUA recommendations without becoming rapists.” However, I would say that they are partaking in a smarmy, objectifying, and very sexist society that regards women as prizes to be won rather than as human beings, and that they should be labeled as such.
Fear of Reporting
Shutterstock On college campuses, where one in every five women is assaulted, only one in every eight women reports the assault. This is due to the fact that college-aged victims frequently do not “see the incidents as harmful or important enough,” nor do they “want their families or other people to know.” They feel restricted by “lack of proof,” “fear of reprisal by the assailant, fear of being treated with hostility by the police, and anticipation that the police would not believe the incident was serious enough and/or would not want to be bothered with the incident,” according to a 2000National Institute of Justice study.
Even for victims who do end up reporting their assault through police, there’s no guarantee the assailant will be convicted.
An Army survey found that the fear of reporting is heightened by the chain of command in the military, where one out of every three women is assaulted by their fellow service members, according to the Department of Defense.
As revealed in the documentary Invisible War, 33 percent of servicewomen did not report their assaults because “the person to report to was a friend of the rapist,” and 25 percent did not report because “the person to report to was the rapist.” According to RAINN, only about 3 percent of rapists are ever sentenced to prison.
False Rape Accusations
Shutterstock There have been examples around the country in which police officers have been accused of attempting to coerce victims into admitting that they made up their rapes — a practice that has contributed to the rise in “fake rape” statistics. Men’s rights advocates frequently raise the issue of “false rape,” since they are concerned that women, driven by retribution or just regretting sleeping with a guy, may utilize a jury’s compassion to wrongfully accuse men of rape. However, this way of thinking is not confined to MRAs; the Heisman Trophy winner is another example.
However, the reality of “fake rape” allegations is unambiguous: Fraudulent reporting of an attack by a woman to law police is both statistically unusual and difficult to establish.
There is no official record of false rape claims; nonetheless, they do occur from time to time, albeit infrequently.
The Power of Celebrity
Reuters photo by Charles Platiau Woody Allen is a writer and director who lives in New York City. Image courtesy of: Marko Djurica / Reuters Dominique Strauss-Kahn is a former United Nations Secretary-General. Dylan Farrow submitted a letter in the New York Times last weekend describing being attacked by her adoptive father, Woody Allen, when she was seven years old. The response has been overwhelmingly positive, but many people have stated that they do not believe her or that they do not wish to believe her.
Bryant is also well-liked and respected, and many of his supporters were quick to dismiss his claimed victim as a liar.
We also don’t bring up Bill Cosby or R.
There was nothing new in Farrow’s letter; her charges have been public for two decades, and they were recently resurfaced in her mother’s Vanity Fair article and Golden Globes tweets, respectively.
Following the conviction and sentence of Trent Mays and Malik Richmond in Steubenville, CNN’s Poppy Harlow described them as “two young men who had such promising futures, star football players, very good students, literally watched as they believed their lives fell apart.” When the New York Times reported on allegations brought against Dominique Strauss-Kahn by a hotel maid, the alleged victim was described by neighbors and co-workers as “a good person” who has “never given a p*** Jeffrey Goldberg later wrote in The Atlantic about why he thought focusing on alleged victims’ personalities — or their assailants’ “promising futures” — was a concern: “I think it’s an issue because it gives the impression that they’re going to be successful.” “This type of reporting is beyond my comprehension.
- What exactly is the point?
- Does it make a difference that she is a decent person?
- Without a doubt, this is not the case.
- Rape is rape.
- In 2012, the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report redefined rape to reflect that it can occur in any gender and that it is not limited to women.
- Male rape, while less prevalent than female rape, does occur on occasion.
Moreover, it is generally only reported on in the media when it involves high-profile males in positions of authority, such as sports coaches or priests. Meanwhile, male rape survivors endure a shortage of services as well as a different type of stigma when compared to female rape survivors.
Lack of Attention to Rape in Minority Communities
Even though, according to RAINN, 34 percent of all American Indian and Alaskan women will survive a rape or attempted rape at some point in their lives, the majority of rape tales that make it into the public eye nearly invariably involve straight, white victims This is about double the incidence for white women (17.7 percent) and nearly three times the rate for black women (7.3 percent) (18.8 percent ).
It affects one out of every three women, resulting in “epidemic proportions.” Corrective rape, which occurs when rapists attempt to “treat” or “fix” what they perceive to be a fault with someone’s sexuality, is another worrisome topic that has received little attention in the United States.CORRECTION: This article has been updated to reflect the latest information.
In a previous version of this piece, her quote was credited to talk show presenter Candy Crowley.