What Is Popular Culture

Popular Culture

Popular culture is defined as the collection of activities, ideas, and artefacts that express the most widely held meanings of a social system in a particular time and place. Some examples include media products, entertainment and leisure activities, fashion and trends, language customs and other aspects of culture. Popular culture is typically linked with either mass culture or folk culture, and it is distinguished from high culture and diverse institutional cultures by the use of the term “popular” (political culture, educational culture, legal culture, etc.).

Popular culture is viewed as a collection of commodities generated through capitalistic processes driven by a profit motive and marketed to customers when viewed from this economic perspective.

Populist culture is defined as a series of activities carried out by artists or other types of culture producers that result in performances and artifacts that are received and understood by audiences both inside and outside of the subcultural group that is being studied.

The representation of specific groups and themes in the content of cultural objects or practices, the role of cultural production as a form of social reproduction, and the extent to which audiences exercise agency in determining the meanings of the culture that they consume are all important issues in the sociological analysis of popular culture.

General Overviews

Classical sociologists spoke generally about the notion of culture and the role that culture plays in creating human social life, but they made no distinction between popular culture and other forms of culture. The Frankfurt and Birmingham Schools, which are covered in Classic Works, encouraged interdisciplinary assessments of popular culture that took a variety of sociological views into consideration. The basic overviews of popular culture that are presented in this part provide broad social and sociological evaluations of the subject matter.

In addition to serving as introductory texts for the sociology of popular culture, Grazian 2010 and Kidd 2014 serve as excellent field guides for researchers who are interested in the sociology of popular culture.

A study of youth music cultures in the 1980s can be found in Gaines 1998, and a memoir can be found in Gaines 2003, which describes the author’s experience of writing a sociological analysis while also partaking in the rock and roll culture of New York City in the 1980s.

According to Gamson 1994, the celebrity notion has a long and illustrious history in American society. A comprehensive historical analysis of the growth of the comic book business is provided by Lopes 2009.

  • Marcel Danesi’s Popular Culture: Introductory Perspectives was published in 2012. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, London. Gaines, Donna. 1998.Teenage wasteland: Suburbia’s dead end youngsters. New York: Basic Books. The University of Chicago Press is located in Chicago. The Village Voice article on a suicide pact among four teenagers in suburban New Jersey served as the starting point for this ethnographic investigation of rock youth subculture
  • Gaines, Donna. 2003
  • A misfit’s manifesto: The spiritual odyssey of a rockroll heart. Villard Publishing Company, New York. Gamson, Joshua. 1994.Claims to fame: Celebrity in modern America. New York: Columbia University Press. Gaines gives a one-of-a-kind biography about being a sociologist, analyzing your subculture, and partaking in the rock culture of 1980s New York The University of California Press is located in Berkeley. As a historian and a sociologist, Gamson examines the notion of fame in contemporary American popular culture from several perspectives. David Grazian’s 2010 book, Mix it up: Popular culture, mass media, and society, explores the various ways in which audiences respond to and employ celebrity obsessions. Norton & Company, New York. In this widely used introductory text to the study of popular culture, Linda Holtzman emphasizes foundational sociological theories and concepts
  • Holtzman, Linda. 2000.Media messages: what film, television, and popular music teach us about race, class, gender, and sexual orientation
  • Holtzman, Linda. Sharpe Publishing Company, Armonk, New York. A series of studies regarding representations in popular culture are presented by Holtzman, with a particular emphasis on race, class, gender, and sexuality
  • Kidd, Dustin. 2014.Pop culture freaks: Identity, mass media, and society. University of California Press. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press. This book examines themes of identity in the labor force, representations of popular culture, and the audience for commercial popular culture, among other things. Paul Lopes published a book in 2009 titled The evolution of the American comic book, which has come to demand respect. Temple University Press is located in Philadelphia. Lopes investigates the beginnings of the comic book and the progress of the medium throughout the twentieth century. He focuses on how comic books evolved from the periphery of geek culture to the heart of popular culture in the United States of America. Storey, John, et al., eds., 2015. Introduction to the study of cultural theory and popular culture. 7th ed., revised and updated The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Routledge. It is because to Storey’s popular culture texts that popular culture is now being taught in college and university courses across the United States. A variety of sociological and literary ideas are applied to the examination of popular culture items as texts in this book.

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How Did Pop Culture Originate?

Popular culture (sometimes known as “pop culture”) is a broad term that refers to the customs and material culture of a specific civilization in its entirety. When it comes to the modern Western world, pop culture is any of the cultural goods that are consumed by the majority of a society’s population. These products include music, visual art, literature, fashion, dance, cinema, cyberculture, television, and radio. Popular culture refers to material that is easily accessible and appealing to a large number of people.

Pop culture is characterized qualitatively in today’s popular culture; it is sometimes regarded as a more shallow or lower form of artistic expression than other forms of expression.

The Rise of Popular Culture

Historically, scholars have traced the beginnings of popular culture back to the formation of the middle class that resulted from the Industrial Revolution. People who were organized into working classes and relocated to urban areas far away from their traditional farming lifestyle began to develop their own culture to share with their co-workers as a part of the process of separating from their parents and bosses, as well as creating their own identity. Following the end of World War II, technological advances in mass media triggered enormous cultural and social transformations in the western world.

It was at this point that the meaning of popular culture began to combine with the meanings of other terms such as mass culture, consumer culture, image culture, media culture, and culture generated by manufacturers for public consumption.

Different Definitions of Popular Culture

John Storey, a British media scholar, proposes six alternative definitions of popular culture in his enormously successful textbook “Cultural Theory and Popular Culture,” which is currently in its eighth edition.

  1. Popular culture is simply culture that is generally accepted or well-liked by a large number of people
  2. It does not have any negative implications. Popular culture is defined as whatever is left after you’ve determined what “high culture” is. For example: According to this definition, pop culture is regarded inferior and serves as a signifier of social rank and social class
  3. Generally speaking, pop culture refers to commercial goods that are manufactured for mass consumption by people who are not discriminating in their choices. Popular culture, according to this definition, is a weapon employed by the elites to oppress or take advantage of the people. Pop culture is folk culture, something that emerges from the people rather than being imposed upon them: pop culture is authentic (created by the people) as opposed to commercial (imposed upon them by commercial enterprises)
  4. Pop culture is authentic (created by the people) as opposed to commercial (imposed upon them by commercial enterprises)
  5. Subordinate classes resist or modify pop culture, which is partially dictated by the dominant classes and partly resisted or modified by the dominating classes. Dominants can establish culture, but it is up to the subordinates to pick what they want to maintain and what they want to dismiss. Finally, Storey discusses how the boundary between “genuine” and “commercial” pop culture has become increasingly blurred in the postmodern era, which is to say, in today’s society. As far as pop culture is concerned nowadays, people have the option of accepting some created material, modifying it for their own purposes, or rejecting it totally and creating their own content.

Popular Culture: You Make the Meaning

All six of Storey’s definitions are still in use today, albeit their meanings appear to fluctuate depending on the context in which they are used. Since the start of the twenty-first century, mass media — the manner in which pop culture is transmitted — has altered so significantly that experts are having difficulty figuring out how they work any longer. At one point in time, the term “mass media” referred to simply print (newspapers and books), broadcast (televisions and radio), and film (movies) (movies and documentaries).

Popular culture nowadays is mostly determined by specialized consumers, who have a significant influence on its development.

Even though the audience for commercial items such as music is small in compared to the audiences for pop idols such as Britney Spears and Michael Jackson, they are deemed popular.

As a result, popular culture has returned to its most basic definition: it is what a large number of people find appealing.

Sources and Further Reading

  • Fiske, John, and Herbert Gans, “Popular Culture and High Culture: An Analysis and Evaluation of Taste,” 2nd ed., London: Routledge, 2010. “Postmodernism and Popular Culture,” edited by Angela McRobbie, was published by Basic Books in 1999. Storey, John, “Cultural Theory and Popular Culture,” 8th ed., New York: Routledge, 2019
  • Storey, John, “Cultural Theory and Popular Culture,” London: Routledge, 1994.

Pop Culture: An Overview

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Pop Culture

The phrase ‘popular culture’ may have a variety of connotations depending on who is describing it and in what context it is being employed. At every given period in time, it is widely regarded as the vernacular or people’s culture that prevails in a given society. According to Brummett’s Rhetorical Dimensions of Popular Culture, pop culture is comprised of the parts of social life in which the general public is most actively involved in. Popular culture, sometimes known as the ‘culture of the people,’ is determined by the interactions between people in their everyday activities: clothing trends, the usage of slang, greeting rituals, and the foods that people consume are all examples of what is considered to be popular culture.

  1. Popular culture is made up of a number of components that are widely accepted as being important.
  2. Especially in a technologically advanced society where individuals are increasingly linked together by ubiquitous media, these elements are frequently prone to fast change.
  3. Pop culture, by virtue of its widespread appeal, both reflects and influences people’s everyday experiences (see eg Petracca and Sorapure,Common Culture).
  4. However, legendary brands, like all other facets of popular culture, may increase and decline in popularity over time.
  5. When it comes to popular culture, Ray Browne gives a similar description in his article ‘Folklore to Populore’: “Popular culture comprises of the features of attitudes, behaviors, beliefs, habits, and preferences that identify the people of every civilization,” he writes.
  6. Popular culture enables vast varied groups of people to identify with one another on a collective level.
  7. Consuming pop culture goods not only helps individuals develop a sense of self that helps them feel connected to the larger society, but it also helps them to get more respect from their peers and raise their social status.

Consequently, popular culture appeals to individuals because it gives opportunity for individual satisfaction as well as opportunities for social togetherness.

Examples of Popular Culture

A wide range of genres, including popular music, print culture, cyber culture, sports and entertainment, leisure, fads and advertising are all examples of popular culture. Popular culture may be found in a variety of media, including print, television, radio, and the internet. Popular culture’s most frequently consumed examples, sports and television, are undoubtedly the most commonly consumed forms of popular culture, and they are also examples of popular culture that have a long shelf life.

  1. Sports events such as the World Cup and the Olympics are watched by a global audience and are viewed as important.
  2. Demonstrating devotion to a sports team as a way of self-identification is an extremely typical occurrence.
  3. Every day, a large number of individuals watch a significant amount of television.
  4. The couch potato syndrome, according to some, is to blame for the dumbing down of society, that youngsters watch too much television, and that television is a contributing factor to the pandemic of juvenile obesity.
  5. “Sideshow Bob’s Last Gleaming” (137), while doing time in prison, Sideshow Bob has one last gleaming moment.
  6. Bob has grown fascinated with television’s negative impact on society, despite the fact that he used to be a regular on The Krusty the Clown Show.
  7. A nuclear weapon is detonated in Springfield as a result of his plan to explode the nuclear bomb unless all television is banned in the city.

An anxious Krusty wonders aloud if it would be worth his while to live in a world where television is not present: “I believe the living would be envious of the dead.” There are many who agree with Sideshow Bob; nevertheless, the majority of people would more likely agree with Krusty: that living in a world without television is not truly living.

Folk and High Culture

Generally speaking, popular culture is separated from folk and high culture. Folk culture and pop culture are comparable in that they both include large numbers of people participating in them. Folk culture, on the other hand, symbolizes the way things have always been done. Therefore, it is less adaptable to change and is far more static than popular culture in terms of evolution. Folk culture reflects a simpler way of life that is often conservative, mainly self-sufficient, and often characterized by rural living conditions.

  • Members of the group are required to adhere to the customary norms of behavior that have been established by the community.
  • For the most part, folk culture provides stability, whereas popular culture is always on the lookout for something new and exciting.
  • Folk culture, on the other hand, seldom interferes with mainstream culture.
  • When folk culture products are hijacked and promoted by mainstream culture, the folk goods progressively lose their original shape and functionality.
  • After all, it is a reflection of the people’s culture.
  • It is connected with the social elite, just as the fine arts, opera, theater, and high intellectualism are associated with the top socioeconomic levels and the upper classes.
  • It is rare that such products make it into the realm of popular culture.

The fact that social elites do not participate in popular culture or that members of the masses do not participate in high culture does not imply a lack of participation by either group.

The Formation of Popular Culture

Most of human history has been characterized by the effect of dogmatic systems of government and customs imposed by local folk culture on the people. The vast majority of people lived in tiny towns and rural regions, which did not lend itself to the development of a ‘popular’ culture in the traditional sense. Rural populations began to migrate to cities with the advent of the Industrial Revolution (late eighteenth century), resulting in the urbanization of nearly all Western cultures by the late nineteenth century.

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People who had previously lived in homogenous rural towns or farms found themselves in densely populated cities with a wide range of cultural backgrounds.

Among the many benefits of industrialization were the introduction of mass production; advancements in transportation, such as the steam locomotive and steamship; advancements in building technology; increased literacy; improvements in education and public health; and, most importantly, the introduction of efficient forms of commercial printing, which represented the first step in the formation of a mass media (eg the penny press, magazines, and pamphlets).

  • All of these causes contributed to the emergence of popular culture in its current form.
  • Newspapers were the most reliable source of information for a public that was becoming increasingly interested in social and economic issues.
  • Popular culture was profoundly influenced by the rising forms of mass media throughout the twentieth century, which was fueled by continued technical advancement.
  • The development of popular culture has been influenced by a variety of variables including urbanization, industrialization, mass media, and technological advancements that have occurred steadily since the late 1700s.

Sources of Popular Culture

There are a plethora of sources for popular culture available. As previously said, the mainstream media, particularly popular music, movies, television, radio, video games, books, and the internet, serves as a key source of information. Furthermore, technological advancements have made it possible for ideas to be spread more widely via word of mouth, particularly through mobile phones. When watching a TV show such as American Idol or theLast Comic Standing, many of the contestants are given a phone number where they may vote for who they think should win.

  • Popular culture is also impacted by organizations that give information to the general public, such as news organizations.
  • Example: A news station covering a certain issue, such as the impacts of playing violent video games, will seek for a well-known psychologist or sociologist who has published in the field.
  • At the very least, it serves as a starting point for public debate and the exchange of opposing viewpoints.
  • Individualism is a wellspring of popular culture that appears to be at odds with itself.
  • There are theoretically no restrictions to what an individual may do in the United States, a nation founded on the principle of personal liberty.
  • These ‘pathfinders’ have an impact on popular culture at times because of their distinctiveness.
  • It gets increasingly popular.
  • Delaney is a member of the Popular Culture Association and the American Culture Association, and he is the author ofSeinology: The Sociology of Seinfeld.

He is now working on a book on The Simpsons, which will be published in February 2008 by the American Culture Association. Visit his website at www.booksbytimdelaney.com for more information.

Popular culture

In any given society, popular culture, or pop culture, (literally: “the culture of the people”) consists of the cultural elements that predominate (at least numerically) in the more popular media, in that society’s vernacular language and/or an established lingua franca, and that are expressed primarily through those media. There are several factors that contribute to this phenomenon, including daily contacts, wants and desires, and cultural “moments” that are part of the mainstream’s regular existence.

(Comparememe.) In many cases, popular culture is in opposition to a more exclusive, even elitist “high culture.” If one considers culture to be a means of identifying oneself (an very individualist perspective), a culture must be able to pique the attention of individuals (possible members) and persuade them to invest a portion of themselves in it.

Individuals can identify themselves in relation to everyone else in mass society at the level of a city, a country, an international community (for example, a widely-spoken language, an ex-colonial empire, a religion), or even the level of the entire planet, thanks to mass culture.

The realm of pop culture had a significant impact on art beginning in the early 1960s and continuing through Pop Art.

Popular culture in the 20th and early-21st centuries

Even modern popular culture can be described as just the aggregate output of industrial innovations; nevertheless, contemporary Western popular culture is the outcome of a continuous interaction between those industries and the people who consume their goods (Bennett 1980, p.153-218). is divided into “primary” and “secondary” popular culture, with the former being defined as a mass product and the latter as a local re-production of popular culture. jkjkjh Popular culture changes on a regular basis and manifests itself in a unique way in each location and period.

Items of popular culture are often appealing to a wide range of people from all walks of life.

However, it is possible that this oversimplifies the situation.

It’s true that many of today’s most popular forms of music were initially developed in tiny, counter-cultural circles (punk rock andrapprovide two examples).

Commentators have noted that those in power exploit consumers by encouraging them to do more of the work themselves (for example, by providing do-it-yourself checkout lines), and that advertising on television, in movies, on radio, and in other places assists those in power by directing consumers toward what those in power consider necessary or important.

Popular culture has a diverse range of origins. In the context of modernity, the collection of enterprises that earn a profit by creating and disseminating cultural content has emerged as a primary source of cultural material. Among these industries are those in the following categories:

  • Even modern popular culture can be described as just the aggregate output of industrial advancements
  • Yet, contemporary Western popular culture is the outcome of a continuous interaction between those industries and the people who consume their goods and services (Bennett 1980, p.153-218). differentiates between ‘primary’ and’secondary’ popular culture, with primary popular culture defined as a mass product and secondary popular culture defined as a local re-production. jkjkjh It is important to remember that popular culture is always changing and that it exists only in a certain location and period. Because of this, currents and eddies are formed in the sense that a small group of people will have a strong interest in an area of which mainstream popular culture is only partially aware
  • For example, the electro-pop group Kraftwerk “has influenced mainstream popular culture to the extent that they have been referenced in The Simpsons and Father Ted.” Generally speaking, items of popular culture appeal to a wide range of people across society. A common argument for the dominance of broad-appeal products in popular culture is that profit-making corporations that manufacture and sell things of popular culture want to maximize their profits by prioritizing items with broad appeal (seeculture industry). However, it is possible that this oversimplifies the situation. The music business may impose whatever product they choose, as seen by the case of popular music. It’s true that many of today’s most popular forms of music were initially developed in tiny, counter-cultural communities (punk rock andrapprovide two examples). In pop culture, a dramatic change has occurred after World War II
  • The emphasis has shifted away from producing culture and toward consuming it. As noted by some commentators, those in power exploit consumers by encouraging them to do more of the work themselves (for example, at self-serve checkout lines), and advertising on television, in movies, on the radio, and in other places assists those in power by directing consumers toward what those in power consider necessary or important. Numerous sources may be traced back to the creation of popular culture. Because of contemporary conditions, a collection of enterprises that generate money by creating and disseminating cultural material has emerged as a significant source of income. Included among these businesses are companies in the following industries:

It is through folklore that we can access a second and very different source of popular culture. In pre-industrial periods, mass culture was considered to be equivalent to folk culture. This earlier layer of culture has survived to the present day, sometimes in the form of jokes or slang that have spread through the population by word of mouth and through the Internet, respectively. Due to the fact that it has provided a new channel for transmission, cyberspace has helped to resurrect this element of popular culture.

  1. More than that, beliefs and opinions about the products of commercial culture (for example, “My favorite character isSpongeBob SquarePants”) spread through word of mouth in the same way that folklore evolves, and are modified in the process.
  2. The news media, as well as scientific and academic societies, are examples of such communities.
  3. As an example, while giant pandas (a species that lives in remote Chinese woodlands) have become well-known figures in popular culture, parasitic worms, despite their greater practical significance, have not.
  4. They are now referred to as “urban legends” at this time.

Criticisms of popular culture

Popular culture has received a great deal of criticism as a result of its widespread availability. A prevalent accusation is that popular culture tends to encourage a restricted perspective and experience of life through ordinary, unsophisticated sentiments and attitudes, and that it places a focus on what is just superficial, fleeting, arbitrary, and disposable. In addition, some critics contend that popular culture is driven more by sentimental sentimentalism and narcissistic wish-fulfillment fantasies than by serious consideration of reality or mature psychological and spiritual development.

The practice of promoting famous memes in order to encourage widespread consumption of a company’s products and services has gained widespread acceptance among corporations and advertising.

What is Popular Culture: Overview

In layman’s terms, popular culture may be defined as a collection of cultural goods, activities, ideas, and artifacts that have gained widespread acceptance in society. It has an effect on and impacts the individuals it comes into contact with in regards to these things or ideas. It comprises all that is believed and consumed by the majority of people in any culture, including music, dancing, film, literature, and fashion, among other things. The phrase “popular culture,” which was first used in the nineteenth century, is complicated and difficult to define.

  1. When taken literally, it refers to the way of life of the people.
  2. Historically, it was associated with the culture of the poor and lower classes who were ignorant, hence portraying it as a lesser culture in comparison to the upper official classes who had had more formal training.
  3. Popular culture, according to John Storey, “is the culture that is left over after we have determined what is high culture” (Storey 2009, p.
  4. Following World War II, expanding societal changes, changing media and technology connected it with media culture, image culture, consumer culture, music culture, and other forms of popular culture, among other things.
  5. The term pop, on the other hand, is more specific than the phrase popular.
  6. The advancement of mass media has resulted in it continually developing and reaching a wider audience in contemporary times.
  7. It has an impact on people’s decisions, including their clothing choices, the food they consume, and the music they listen to.
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It invites a huge number of diverse people arriving for various social origins to consider themselves as a collective entity, a social group.

It not only brings self-satisfaction, but it also contributes to the formation of a sense of community.

It is said that the elites use this culture to distract people’s attention away from essential concerns in order to reap benefits to their own advantage.

The concept of popular culture may be propagated or generated through a variety of mediums, including films, television shows, pop music, sports, books, radio, games and sports, the internet, and other media, amongst other things.

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We believe in sharing our knowledge with our readers, and we do it through easy transcriptions of social theories and their application in real-life situations. We also think that knowledge has the potential to make the world a better place in which to live, develop, and prosper.

popular culture definition

(noun) Aspects of culture that are widely available and widely disseminated (e.g., books, movies, television series) that are consumed by people of all social levels (the masses), but are often associated with the lower and middle classes.

Popular Culture Pronunciation

Guide to Proper Pronunciation and Usage Pronunciation in Audio Syllabification: popular cultureAudio Pronunciation Phonetic Spelling is a type of spelling that uses sounds instead of letters.

  • American English is spoken as /pAHp-yuh-luhr kUHl-chuhr/, whereas British English is pronounced as /pOp-yuh-luh kUHl-chuh/.

Phonetic Alphabet of the International Phonetic Alphabet

  • American English is pronounced /ppjlr klr/, whereas British English is pronounced /ppjlr klr/.

Usage Notes

  • When speaking American English, pronounce it as /ppjlr klr/
  • When speaking British English, pronounce it as /ppjl kl/.

Related Videos

  • Etymonline.com
  • Huyssen, Andreas. “Word origins of the terms “popular” and “culture” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com 1986. Following the Great Divide, there are three distinct movements: modernism, mass culture, and postmodernism. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana
  • Jackson, David J., ed. 2009. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. EntertainmentPolitics: The Influence of Pop Culture on Young Adult Political Socialization, 2nd ed., is a book about the influence of pop culture on young adult political socialization. Peter Lang Publishing Company, New York.

Related Terms

Word origins for the terms “popular” and “culture” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com; Huyssen, Andreas, “Popular Culture” and “Culture” 1986. There are three types of modernism after the Great Divide: modernism, popular culture, and postmodernism. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana; Jackson, David J., ed. 2009. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. EntertainmentPolitics: The Influence of Pop Culture on Young Adult Political Socialization, 2nd ed., is a book that examines the influence of pop culture on young adult political socialization in the United States.

Citethe Definition of Popular Culture

ASA is an abbreviation for the American Sociological Association (5th edition) “Popular culture,” edited by Kenton Bell, published in 2013. In the Sociology Dictionary of Open Education. The date of retrieval is January 12, 2022. (). 6th issue of the American Psychological Association’s publication on popular culture (2013). Among the entries in K. Bell’s (ed.) Open education sociology dictionary are: This information was obtained from the Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition) “Popular culture,” edited by Kenton Bell, published in 2013.

  • On the 12th of January in the year 2022.
  • “Popular culture,” according to the Modern Language Association (7th edition).
  • Kenton Bell’s ed., published in 2013.
  • Web.

Popular & Folk Culture – AP Human Geography

This is demonstrated by the May Day maypole celebrations that are held in regions of Western Europe on May 1. Answers include folklore and folklore culture. culture on a global scale a high level of culture culture in the public eye Children’s customs and traditions Folk culture is the correct answer. An explanation of the term: “Folk culture” refers to cultural traditions that are carried out at a local level and that are derived from long-established cultural practices. Folk culture is distinguished from popular and high culture by the fact that it is rooted in tradition and is specific to a particular region.

  1. Which of the following is the most important reason why Western popular music has become the most popular type of music around the world?
  2. The majority of music enthusiasts throughout the world aspire to be more like their American counterparts.
  3. The majority of international media firms are situated in the United States and Western Europe.
  4. The correct response is that international media businesses are mostly located in the United States and Western Europe.
  5. In fact, this is not owing to the inherent value of the music so much as it is due to the impact of American and Western European media organizations, which are amongst the largest of their kind in the world.
  6. The following are possible responses: Pop culture is homogeneous throughout a vast geographic region, but folk culture differs from one community to the next.
  7. Pop culture benefits from the impact of mass media, but folk culture is hampered by the influence of mass media.

Compared to folk culture, which tends to remain steady across a number of generations, pop culture undergoes rapid change over time.

Explanation: In terms of describing the contrasts between folk culture and pop culture, all of these answer selections are true.

Pop culture, on the other hand, has a tendency to be ubiquitous and uniform over a big geographic distance, to be rooted in metropolitan areas, and to evolve at a relatively quick rate over the course of time.

Folk culture, on the other hand, is used to refer to the traditions and customs that contribute to the formation of a particular group of people’s cultural identity.

The amount of land covered by popular culture is shrinking as a result of technological advancement.

Populist culture is frequently the consequence of cultural dispersion, whereas folk culture is frequently the product of isolation from other cultures.

Correct response: Reasoning: Whereas nonmaterial culture is concerned with the intangible, idealogical parts of society (such as beliefs), folk and popular culture are the two fundamental categories of material, physical culture.

Because popular culture spreads across large regions of various people, it differs significantly from folk culture’s homogeneity.

Furthermore, the Internet and television have only expanded the speed and scope of popular culture’s dissemination, allowing new ideas to reach more people in more locations at a quicker rate than ever before.

According to popular culture, which of the following is not true?

The culture of the countryside Western culture is characterized by The culture of the city Influence of celebrities The correct response is: The culture of the countryside Explanation: Popular culture is often centered on ideas such as celebrity influence, social media, urban culture, and Western civilization, to name a few examples.

Rural culture is not often identified with popular culture since cultural trends in smaller towns are subject to less impact than in larger cities.

All AP Human Geography Resources

1.Cultural artifacts or media material that has been developed for a large number of people. This correlates popular culture with commercial success in a simplistic manner. It is possible to understand the formal characteristics of mass-media material in terms of broadcast codes. The term “mass culture” refers to standardized commercial products and media texts of the culture industry, which are produced for the general public. These are alleged to reflect the dominant ideology and to produce conformity among the subordinate classes, and they are discussed in critical theory.

It is common for the media companies to claim that they are providing ‘what the audience wants.’ Also see commercialization, consumer culture, dumbing down, elitism, and the Frankfurt School of thought.

The actions and artifacts that are considered to represent the preferences and values of ‘ordinary people’ are defined as follows: (as opposed to the minority tastes of elite or high culture).

Popular culture was initially classified as working-class culture by British cultural studies (e.g.

Contemporary sociology emphasizes the relevance of the variety of subcultures (for example, black popular culture, teenage popular culture), as opposed to the homogeneity of mainstream culture.

According to active audience theory, the constructive ways in which audiences participate with the prevalent cultural currency in order to make it their own are discussed.

When it comes to popular culture, critics of the subversive audience approach reject it as “cultural populism.” The formation of personal identity, particularly among teenagers, is undoubtedly influenced by popular culture, which is unquestionably crucial in this regard.

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