What Is Philippine Culture

Philippines — History and Culture

Noh theatre had an immediate impact on contemporary society because it had a profound impact on the fashion of Japan’s aristocracy and military leaders, who took great pleasure in donning the elaborately embroidered costumes made famous by Noh actors. Noh theatre had a significant impact on contemporary society because it had a profound impact on the fashion of Japan’s aristocracy and military leaders. Noh also had a hand in the development of a completely different subgenre. This isKabuki, which evolved from theKyogen(‘wild words’) genre of brief comedic or satirical acts that were originally performed during the pauses between the acts of a much more serious Noh drama.

Noh theatre suffered when its most important backers, the shoguns, were defeated in 1867 CE, although it had been in decline for a long time, having peaked in the 15th and 16th centuries CE.

Noh plays, despite the fact that they are mainly played for a small connoisseur audience, are still performed in all of Japan’s major cities today.

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Noh theatre had an immediate impact on current culture because it had a profound impact on the dress of the Japanese nobility and military commanders, who took great pleasure in donning the elaborately embroidered clothes made famous by Noh players. Noh also had a hand in the creation of a completely new subgenre of literature. This isKabuki, which evolved from theKyogen(‘wild words’) genre of brief comedic or satirical acts that were initially performed during the pauses between the acts of a much more serious Noh drama.

Noh theatre suffered when its most important backers, the shoguns, were defeated in 1867 CE, although it had been in decline since its prime in the 15th and 16th centuries CE.

Noh plays, though primarily played for a small connoisseur audience, are still performed in all of Japan’s major cities today.

The creation of this content was made possible by the kind funding of the Great Britain Sasakawa Foundation. Did you find this definition useful? Before it is published, this article has been evaluated for correctness, dependability, and compliance with academic standards.


Traditional Filipino and Spanish Catholic traditions, as well as influences from the United States and other regions of Asia, combine to form the Philippines’ unique culture. They are family-oriented and frequently devout people who like art, fashion, music, and food. They are also well-versed in English. Filipinos are also known for being welcoming individuals who like having a good time. This frequently entails a group of people gathering together to sing, dance, and eat. Each year’s festival calendar is jam-packed with events, many of which blend costumes and rituals from the country’s pre-Christian past with contemporary Catholic beliefs and philosophy to create a truly unique experience.

Culture of the Philippines

The Philippines has a culture that is a fusion of East and West. The Filipino people come from an unique Asian history, but they also have a strong Western culture to draw on. Modern Filipino culture arose as a result of the impact of Chinese traders, Spanish conquistadors, and American colonizers on the country. Filipinos are known for being quite welcoming, especially to tourists from other countries (1). Philippines are emotive and enthusiastic about life in a way that appears more Latin than Asian in nature, owing to its close links to Spanish culture and tradition (1).

The Filipino family is the most fundamental and vital component of their culture.

The family serves as a safety net for individuals, particularly elderly people, who are experiencing difficult economic circumstances.

Family ties are frequently a factor in the formation of political and corporate alliances (2).

Individuals are required to ignore minor transgressions or infractions in order to maintain harmony within the family, personal, or commercial connection, which is known as pakikisama (roughly translated as “getting along.” Utang na Loob is the term used to describe the practice of repaying one favor with another (2).

The Roman Catholic religion is practiced by more than 80 percent of the people of the Philippines.

Catholic criticism is not taken lightly, and it should be avoided at all costs (2). Filipinos greet one another with a handshake, which is a traditional greeting. A grin or lifted brows might be interpreted as “Hello” or “Yes.” By waving your hand downward, you can beckon someone to your side (3).


The Philippines does not require a visa for anybody who possesses a valid passport from a nation with which the Philippines has diplomatic ties and intends to stay for up to 21 days. The fact that it costs P500 to exit the nation is something that all tourists should be aware of. The Philippines has a lot to offer tourists and sight-seeing enthusiasts: mountains, beaches, caverns, and marketplaces brimming with unusual items are just a few of the attractions. The cost of a hotel room can range from around $50.00 per night to several hundred dollars per night.

End Notes

Diversity and uniformity are found in spades in Philippine society, which is really unique. Despite the fact that it is physically a part of Southeast Asia, the country has a strong Euro-American cultural influence. Forces of assimilation have been working tirelessly to bridge the cultural gaps that exist between the numerous ethnic groups that are dispersed throughout the archipelago, some of which live in relative seclusion from one another. Nearly four centuries of Western control, on the other hand, have left an indelible mark on the Philippines, acting as a conduit for the introduction of Western culture as well as a catalyst for the creation of a feeling of national political and cultural unity in the country’s people.

Although strong family ties have survived, the revival of the barangaya (the smallest unit of government), increased attention to Asian history and literature, and the subsequent revival of dormant traditions have allowed the Philippines to consolidate its Asian heritage without abandoning its Western cultural acquisitions, as shown in the following chart.

Daily life and social customs

A typical Filipino’s life focuses around his or her extended family, which may include his or her parents and grandparents as well as aunts, uncles, cousins (up to many times removed) and other relatives. In Catholic households, godparents—those who are entrusted with the care of children in the event that the parents die or become incapacitated—also play an important role in the kinship network of the family. For key life events such as baptisms and confirmations (for Catholic Filipinos), circumcisions (for Muslim Filipinos), and weddings, as well as for major religious and other national holidays, members of extended families generally meet in one place.

  • Independence Day (July 4th), New Year’s Day (January 1), and Labor Day (May 1) are all prominent holidays (June 12).
  • Small portions of meat, such as chicken, pig (in non-Muslim communities), goat, or fish, as well as an array of fruits and cooked vegetables, are served with the rice or noodle main course to complete it.
  • Known as balut in the Philippines, a parboiled embryonic duck still in the egg is a popular street delicacy in the metropolis.
  • Among the distinctive features of Muslim communities in Mindanao is the Themalong, which is a colorful woven tube of cloth that may be worn in a variety of ways by both men and women.
  • On exceptional occasions, metropolitan ladies may choose to dress in theterno, a long dress marked by large “butterfly” sleeves that rise slightly at the shoulders and stretch to the elbow or slightly longer.

Many of the smaller ethnic groups have distinctive clothing that they wear for events that are of particular cultural significance.

The arts

It has been reported by historians that the early Spanish chroniclers witnessed the carving of the Filipinos’ forefathers and their gods and goddesses in wood. They also performed with a variety of musical instruments, such as end-blown flutes, nose flutes, jew’s harps, gongs, drums, and lutes, among others. They also sang. Music, songs, and dances were needed for a variety of occasions, including seasonal festivals (for example, harvest) and life rites (for example, courting and marriage). To provide an example, in some Muslim communities in Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago, thekulintangensemble, which is composed of a series of gongs hanging horizontally and vertically from the ceiling as well as a single-headed drum, may still be heard at joyful occasions.

  • The Bayanihan (the national folk dance company of the Philippines), which was founded in the mid-20th century, as well as the Ramon Obusan Folkloric Group and Ballet Philippines, have all worked to conserve or reinterpret some of the country’s traditional dances.
  • There have been several Filipino artists who have achieved notoriety in the Western classical music tradition, including the composer and conductor Antonio J.
  • de Leon (well known for his nationalistic themes), and the opera vocalist Jovita Fuentes.
  • A National Artists Center (founded in 1976), which includes the Philippine High School for the Arts (located in Los Baos, south of Manila) and other facilities are provided by the government to aid in the growth of arts.
  • Francisco and Vicente Manansala; and the modernists Victorio Edades and Arturo Rogerio Luz, among others.
  • Wood carvings are popular among rural artists from hilly regions in northern Luzon, as well as craftsmen residing northwest of Manila and in Paete, on the eastern coast ofLaguna de Bay, who are noted for their work.
  • Juan F.

Nationalist leader José Rizal’s forthright political novels established themselves as literary milestones in the late nineteenth century, while Nick Joaquin’s work has consistently ranked among the most highly appreciated works of Philippine literature since the mid-twentieth century.

In addition to his play Portrait of an Artist as a Filipino (1966), Joaquin is most known for his biography of killed presidential candidate Benigno Aquino, The Aquinos of Tarlac: An Essay on History as Three Generations, which was published in 1996.

Spanish was the predominant literary language until the end of the nineteenth century, when it was replaced by English following the occupation by the United States.

The name José Rizal is derived from the Spanish word “rizal,” which means “river.” José Rizal, courtesy of the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.


Among the topics covered by myths and legends are the origins of the globe, the first man and woman on earth, why the sky is so high, why the sea is so salty, and why there are distinct races on the planet.

Darangen(“To Narrate in Song”) describes the historical and mythical universe of the Maranao people on the island of Mindanao, while in northern Luzon, theIlocanoepicBiag ni Lam-ang(“Life of Lumang”) tells the deeds of a legendary folk hero in the form of a song.

Despite its accomplishments, the film industry in the Philippines has remained tiny, with its development hampered by rising production costs, high taxes, unregulated piracy of videotapes and CDs, and the preference for international films over local works in the country’s film festivals.

Cultural institutions

The National Museum in Manila, which has a significant ethnographic collection, serves as the primary government vehicle for the preservation and protection of the country’s tangible and intangible cultural heritage, according to the United Nations Development Programme. There are museums dedicated to local history and custom in nearly every province. A number of schools of higher learning, including the University of Santo Tomas, Silliman University in eastern Negros, Mindanao State University in Lanao del Sur, and the University of the Philippines in Diliman, have also built museums on their campuses in recent years.

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In the Philippines, a number of places have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites by the organization.

In addition, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) such as the Heritage Conservation Society and various historical societies have worked to protect and preserve the local history.

11 Things You Should Know About Filipino Culture

The Culture Trip was created by Geraldine Sy. What is it about the Philippines that distinguishes it from the rest of the globe, and how does it achieve this distinction? For starters, it is all about their unique cultural heritage. In this article, we’ll go through 11 aspects of Filipino culture that distinguish them from every other country on the earth. In the face of natural disasters and man-made disasters, Filipinos always manage to rise above the situation. As opposed to moping around, they are able to pull themselves up and grin instead.

As a result, regardless of whether you are a member of the immediate family or a member of the third or fourth generation, you are considered as a member of the family.

Photograph by Art Phaneuf / Alamy Stock Photo of a large extended family in Luzon, Philippines Crosses and other religious memorabilia can be found in every room of a Filipino home, and they are often displayed with abandon.

Hundreds of thousands of Santo Nino followers attend mass every Sunday|Jacob Maentz / Alamy Stock Photo While children are born into this world, they are taught to be courteous by utilizing simple catchphrases like poandopo, which are terms that are used at the conclusion of sentences when addressing seniors, from the beginning of their lives.

Banaue, Philippines|Asian Images / Alamy Stock Photo of a little youngster playing in the school grounds Filipinos, collectively known as bayanihan, provide a helping hand to one another without expecting anything in return, making it much simpler for them to carry out their daily jobs and obligations.

  • Alwin Reamillo’s Bayanihan jumping spirit house sculpture in the Philippines is courtesy of Richard Milnes / Alamy Stock Photo.
  • The majority of the time, they will set aside a certain day to commemorate a particular event, such as festivals, birthday celebrations, reunions, etc.
  • Filipino cuisines are served at a self-serve buffet during a party|Photo courtesy of Matthew Ashmore / Alamy Stock Photo Filipinos, on the other hand, enjoy celebrating and holding fiestas.
  • Photo by Kobby Dagan / VWPics / Alamy Stock Photo of the Dinagyang Festival in Iloilo, Philippines.
  • The atmosphere becomes festive as a result of the large number of people shopping and generally enjoying themselves.
  • Photograph by Thomas Cockrem / Alamy Stock Photo of a Christmas display at Mactan International Airport in Cebu, Philippines Aside from breakfast, lunch, and supper, Filipinos manage to cram in a snack or a small meal in the middle of the day.
  • Aside from that, they adore going to buffets!
  • Filipinos like spending quality time with their family or friends by singing or belting out new and old songs as part of their recreational activities.
  • Filipinos have a proclivity for elevating art and architecture to a far different level.

They like designing in a unique and imaginative manner, thinking intuitively, and having a passion for everything distinctive and unusual. Photo by Jui-Chi Chan / Alamy Stock Photo shows the Port of Manila in Manila Bay in the Philippines

Philippine Culture: What Makes the Filipinos Different From the Rest of the World

Every nation is unique in comparison to the rest of the globe, but what is it about the Philippines that makes it stand out from the rest of the world? For starters, it’s the culture of the Philippines. The Pearl of the Orient Seas is not only famous for its gorgeous islands, but it’s also recognized for its Filipino culture and values, which should be shared with the rest of the world. Everything you need to know about the Philippines is right here—from Filipino customs and traditions to cultural practices in the Philippines and much more!

What’s inside this blog?

  • Language, food, culture, values, music, arts, and literature
  • Religion
  • Clothing
  • Celebrations
  • And places to visit to get a feel for Philippine culture are all included in this guide. Most Commonly Asked Questions About Filipino Culture


Of the Philippines, there are around 76 to 78 primary linguistic groupings, each with more than 500 dialects. Spanish was the official language in the nation for more than 300 years while it was under Spanish control. In the early twentieth century, 60 percent of the people spoke Spanish as a first, second, or third language, depending on where they lived. However, with the American conquest of Cuba in the early 1900s, the usage of Spanish began to dwindle significantly. The official languages of the Philippines were established by the Constitution of 1935, which designated English and Spanish as the official languages.

Following a name change in 1959 to “Pilipino,” the country was officially designated as “Filipino” in 1973.


There are significant cultural differences between Filipino and Western culinary cultures, particularly when it comes to eating habits. Filipinos are voracious foodies who particularly enjoy rice. Rice is a mainstay of every Filipino’s diet, and it is consumed at every meal. It’s quite impossible to come across a Filipino who does not consume rice, unless that individual is on a stringent dietary restriction. In fact, there are numerous eateries that even provide “unlimited rice” service. That demonstrates just how much Filipinos like rice.

For those who consider themselves culinary connoisseurs, the food culture in the Philippines will be a treat for them, since there are a wide variety of dishes to choose from, both original and adapted from other nations.

The Philippines’ cuisine culture was also greatly influenced by foreign influences, which played a significant role.

While adobo, sinigang na baboy, lechon, and halo-halo are among of the proudly Filipino dishes you may sample.

  1. Adobo, Siningang na baboy, Lechon, Sisig, Balut, Isaw, Sorbetes, Halo-halo, Puto bumbong, Bibingka, and more dishes

Also see: A Taste of Filipino Cuisine: 10 Pinoy Dishes That Will Have You Drooling (in English).

Thirteen irresistible street foods in the Philippines that will give you major foodgasm.


The culture of the Philippines has a diverse range of influences from prior colonizations, with the majority of them originating in the cultures of Spain and America. In the Philippines, you can immediately detect it in everything from the architecture to the cultural values. Despite all of these foreign influences, the traditional Asian Filipino culture has survived and can be plainly observed in their way of life, cultural beliefs in the Philippines, Filipino rituals and traditions, and other aspects of Filipino life.


Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Among the many positive aspects of Filipino culture and values that are recognized by people all over the world is the fact that they are rooted in tradition. In the Philippines, the importance of family cannot be overstated. When children are young, they live with their parents until they get married. The Filipino family culture is something that many people admire since the people of the Philippines place such a high emphasis on spending time with their families.

  1. Bayanihan culture in the Philippines
  2. Traditionally, Filipino men would serenade (harana) a lady they were wooing
  3. Filipinos refer to their elder siblings as “ate” for older sisters and “kuya” for older brothers to show respect
  4. Bayanihan culture in the Philippines
  5. Hospitable
  6. A great deal of regard for the elderly
  7. Pagmamano, which is the practice of kissing the elder’s head on the forehead
  8. Religious
  9. Pamamanhikan
  10. Pakikisama
  11. Palabra de Honor
  12. Pamamanhikan

Article suggestion:17 Magagandang Kaugalian ng mga Pilipino na Bahagi ng Kulturang Pilipino (Magagandang Kaugalian of the Pilipino People)

Music, Arts and Literature

Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Because Filipinos are exceptionally creative, music, the arts, and literature play an important part in Philippine culture and the arts. When it comes to music, they generate sound by combining various components, most of which are raw. This is only one of the numerous examples of indigenous customs that can be found in the Philippines, and there are many more. Filipinos are also enthusiastic in folklore, which has been impacted by the early church and Spanish literature throughout the centuries.

And when it comes to literature, the Filipino tradition never fails to impress.

Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines, is well-known for his literature and novels on the country’s struggle for freedom.

Folk arts from the Philippines Here are some instances of Filipino culture, ranging from Luzon folk dancing to traditional Filipino rituals.

  1. Construction of Bahay Kubo (Nipa Hut), Bale (Ifugao House), Ivatan House, Torogan (Marano House), Badjao’s stilt houses and houseboats, Vinta (A traditional colorful boat in Mindanao)
  2. Weaving and Clothing (Pia Fabric, T’Nalak Woven Cloth, Tapis, Yakan, Barong Tagalog, Baro at Saya)
  3. Crafts (Bahay Kubo Folk dances from the Philippines and Luzon (Carinosa, Tinikling, Itik-Itik, Sayaw sa Bangko, Pandanggo sa Ilaw, Maglalatik, Tinikling)


We can’t dispute that religion has played a significant impact in defining not just Philippine culture but also other civilizations throughout the world. Spain’s heritage lives on in the form of a Catholic majority that accounts for around 80 percent of the population. Mindanao has a Muslim population of around 15%, with the majority of Muslims concentrated in the province. With the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, Christianity was brought to the region as early as the 16th century.

The first Presbyterian and Methodist missionaries, who arrived with the American soldiers in 1899, were instrumental in establishing Protestantism in the country. Those belonging to lesser Christian faiths and Buddhist groups make up the majority of the remaining population.


Photographs courtesy of: (Left) Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons (Right) Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Women traditionally wear baro’t saya, while males traditionally wear barong tagalog, as previously stated in the cultural customs of the Philippines about apparel. It is made up of a shirt and a long skirt that has a “panuelo” at the bottom. However, the Barong Tagalog has developed through the years from being a transparent polo to a more formal shirt with sleeves. Buttons and collars, as well as complex decorations on the pina cloth and laces, were added to the garment.

It is a sort of shirt that is often white in color and is thought to have originated in China.

As a result, there has been a shift in Philippine culture when it comes to apparel.

Culture and Tradition of Philippines:Celebrations

Another interesting fact about the culture of the Philippines is that Filipinos enjoy getting together to celebrate! Be it a minor event such as a grade school graduation, birthdays, work advancements, or a festival for a patron saint, no occasion is too insignificant to be commemorated in some manner. For example, in the culture and custom of the Philippines, the country is recognized for having the longest Christmas season in the world since the people begin preparing for the season as early as September.

The celebration of Philippine Festivals is also one of the most noteworthy cultural traditions in the Philippines, with Filipinos going all out to commemorate the fiesta of their province or town.

Places to Visit to Experience thePhilippine Culture

It is undeniably true that the culture of the Philippines is among the most renowned in the world. Some of the best sites to experience true Filipino culture and heritage are listed below.

Metro Manila

Metro Manila is the best destination to learn about and experience Philippine popular culture as well as contemporary Filipino culture. You’ll discover some of the most recent fashion, gastronomy, and architecture trends in the Philippines, as well as some of the most popular music and movies. To be clear, despite the fact that this is a metropolitan region, the old Philippines culture is still alive and well and is practiced on the streets here. In addition, there are other locations across the metropolis, particularly in Manila, that have retained historic architecture and customs, such as the Spanish impact on Philippine culture.

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The northern portion of the Philippines, particularly the Ifugao Province, is one of the greatest sites in the world to learn about traditional Filipino culture and to witness first-hand instances of indigenous activities in the country, according to the United Nations Development Programme.

In terms of Filipino cultural history and arts, as well as traditional cultural customs in the Philippines, Ifugao is a destination that should not be missed if you want to experience true Filipino culture.


Cebu is well-known not just in the Philippines, but also across the world, for its beaches and electric festivities such as Sinulog (Festival of Lights). As previously stated, celebrations are an important part of Filipino traditions and popular culture, so if you want to party like a Filipino, make sure to attend one of these festivals in Cebuwhere you’ll be able to experience and witness the best of Philippine culture, including the lively Philippine cultural dance performances. Related article:8 of the Most Important Festivals in Cebu That Every Traveler Should Attend


Mindanao culture is something that must be seen firsthand. You will never be disappointed in the Philippines, which offers everything from entertaining festivals to vibrant cultural traditions. Davao is another another excellent destination in the Philippines for experiencing a variety of cultures. And while you’re in Davao, don’t forget to check out the Kadayawan Festival.


The photo is courtesy of the City Government of Zamboanga. Zamboanga is undoubtedly the most vibrant example of Philippine culture and heritage, including elements of music, visual arts, architecture, and Filipino beliefs and values.

Frequently Asked Questions AboutPhilippine Culture

Q: What is the culture of the Philippines? As a result of the Filipino culture and values, the world is able to see how the country has progressed throughout the years. A Filipino expresses his or her oneness with people, connection with nature, and joy of life via many traditions. Capwa (others) is a concept that is deeply ingrained in the Filipino psyche, and the bayanihan Filipino culture, which dates back centuries, is still alive today. Q: What do you think is essential to the culture and heritage of the Philippines?

Q: What are some of the most important aspects of Philippine culture?

A: The baro at saya (for ladies) and barong tagalog (for males) are the traditional apparel that represents Filipino culture and tradition, respectively.

A: The Philippines is home to more than 175 different ethnolinguistic groups and cultures.

  1. Filipino
  2. sLumad
  3. sMaranao
  4. sAeta
  5. sIgorot
  6. sMangyan
  7. sIlocano
  8. sTausug
  9. sBlaan
  10. sVisayan
  11. sTagalog
  12. sIbaloi

Q: May you tell me where I can learn about Mindanao culture? Travel to Mindanao and visit these destinations to learn about the many Filipino traditions and practices.

  1. Davao, Zamboanga, South Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, General Santos City, and other cities in the Philippines

In the Philippines, what are some of the most prevalent cultural traditions to be found? A: The Filipino culture is one of the most well-known in the world, thanks to its distinctiveness and long history of tradition. The following are some of the most widespread cultural practices in the Philippines:

  1. The Bayanihan culture of the Philippines is one of the most prominent Filipino rituals and traditions that is still observed today. This was one of the most well-known aspects of Filipino culture at the time it was introduced. Filipinos refer to their elder siblings as “ate” for older sisters and “kuya” for older brothers to show respect
  2. Harana occurs when a male serenades the girl he’s dating. Filipinos are well-known for being warm and hospitable
  3. They are also recognized for being friendly. So much reverence for the elderly – This is one of the many aspects of Filipino culture and values that the people are quite proud of
  4. A Filipino tradition of pagmamano, or kissing the elder on the forehead, is one of the most essential aspects of Filipino culture and morals. Religious – This is where many traditions in the Philippines get their origins, and ‘Palabra de Honor’ is one of the most highly regarded traditions in Filipino culture. Among the family-oriented Filipino beliefs and traditions in the Philippines, Pamamanhikan is one of the customs and traditions associated to marriage. Pakikisama – One of the most endearing characteristics of Filipino culture

In the Philippines, what can you tell me about Japanese culture and influence?

A: Although the Japanese were in the Philippines for a shorter period of time than the Spanish, they left behind cultural effects that Filipinos continue to practice to this day. The following are examples of Japanese influences in the Philippines:

  1. Kite flying
  2. Radio calisthenics
  3. Removing one’s shoes before entering one’s home
  4. Martial arts
  5. And other activities

Q: What are the American cultural and political impacts in the Philippines today? A: There is no question that the Americans have had a significant impact on the development of Filipino culture and customs. Here are a few examples of American cultural impact in the Philippines:

  1. Improved trade and industry
  2. Improvements in public health and welfare
  3. Improved transportation and communication
  4. Democracy and civil freedoms
  5. Improvement in language and literature
  6. And improvement in food

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The Culture Of The Philippines

sculptures from the Philippines that have been carved by hand The Philippines is sometimes referred to be a “melting pot” of cultures from both the western and eastern worlds. The traditions of the original Austronesian people have had a significant impact on the traditional culture of the Philippines, which has been passed down through generations. There is also a strong presence of influences from the Spanish, American, Japanese, Arabic, and Indonesian cultures. The two largest religions in the nation are Christianity and Islam, both of which have had a considerable impact on the development of the country’s culture and society.

7. Social Beliefs And Customs

Filipinos’ social beliefs and practices are affected by the religion and demography of the place in which they are practiced, rather than by the laws of the land. In the Philippines, native people have retained their traditional ways of life, which are founded on the beliefs of the original Austronesian population.

6. Religion, Festivals, And Holidays

The freedom to practice one’s religion is guaranteed under the Philippine Constitution. The Philippines is one of the few Asian countries with a Christian majority, and it is one of the most populous in the world. In the Philippines, around 90.07 percent of the population identifies as Christian, with 80.58 percent of the population identifying as followers of the Roman Catholic Church and approximately 11 percent identifying as followers of other Christian faiths. 5.6 percent of the population identify as Muslim, making Islam the second most practiced religion in the country after Catholicism.

The cultural richness of the Philippines is honored throughout the year via a variety of festivals, known locally as fiestas, that are held throughout the nation.

Because of the prominence of the Roman Catholic religion in the Philippines, most cities and municipalities in the country have patron saints who are commemorated annually via festivals.

While most festivals are limited to certain areas or towns, some are national holidays that are held across the country.

For example, New Year’s Day (observed on January 1st), Holy Week (observed between March and April), Independence Day (observed on June 12th), Christmas Day (observed on December 25th), and Rizal Day are all observed on January 1st in the Philippines (observed on December 30th).

5. Music And Dance

The music made in the Philippines is influenced by all of the many cultures that exist in the nation. Traditional folk songs are generally influenced by indigenous practices and beliefs, which are reflected in their lyrics. A few noteworthy composers of Filipino folk music are Lucio San Pedro, a National Artist for Music, and Antonio Buenaventura, a well-known patriotic music composer who is also a National Artist for Music. Original pinoy music, also known as Philippine pop music, is music made in metropolitan areas of the Philippines that is specifically targeted towards young people.

Jazz, hip hop, reggae, and Latino music are among the other prominent music genres.

Tinikling is an example of a traditional dance that has gained widespread recognition.

4. Literature And Arts

Legends and folklore were the primary sources of ancient Filipino literature, which served as the country’s primary forms of literature before to the Spanish conquest and colonization of the country. These folktales were centered on specific topics and were intended to be passed down through generations in order to preserve traditions and cultural values. However, while the majority of these folktales were passed down orally, there were some recorded publications, notably during the Spanish colonial period.

Some other well-known writers from this time period include Francisco Balagtas, who is well known for his novel “Florante at Laura,” as well as Jose Rizal.

Ancient Filipinos were also exceptional tattoo artists, who adorned their bodies with multi-colored pigments and designs inspired by the environment, which they applied themselves.

Filipino contemporary painters include Damian Domingo, Juan Luna, Fernando Amorsol, and Elito Circa, who is well-known across the world for painting with his own blood and creating large-scale murals.

3. Cuisine

Through the native cuisine, the cultural richness of the Philippines is reflected in an amazing way that is worth exploring. The cuisine of the Philippines has been influenced by both indigenous and foreign cultures over the centuries. Rice is the main meal in the nation, and it is generally prepared by steaming and eaten with other cuisines. Rice is the basic meal in the country. Rice may also be processed into rice flour, which is used in the manufacture of pastries and desserts, among other things.

They are salted and fried and eaten with rice and vegetables.

Throughout addition, various “western” fast food chains, such as Pizza Hut, KFC, and McDonald’s, have established themselves in the country.

2. Clothing

The Maria Clara is a traditional Filipino clothing that is worn by ladies of all ages. It is named after a famous figure known as Maria Clara who appears in the epic 19th-century novel “Noli me tangere,” penned by Jose Rizal, and who is famed for her beauty and grace. It is composed of four pieces: the saya (a long dress), the tapis (a knee-length skirt), the camisa (a chemise with no neck), and the panuelo (a long cloak with a slit in the front) (a stiff scarf). As a result of modernization efforts, the Maria Clara has given birth to a contemporary variant known as the terno, which was made popular by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who donned it during her State of the Nation Address in 2008.

Informally known as the Barong Tagalog, the Barong Tagalog is a formal long shirt with embroidery on the front and back.

1. Sports

  1. The national sport of the country is Arnis, which is a style of martial arts that originated in Japan. Philippines-born Manu Pacquiao, world-renowned boxer and only eight-division champion in world history, is one of the country’s most popular sports figures, having made his name as a result of his success in the sport. In addition, basketball is a prominent sport, with the country having produced international basketball players such as Robert Jaworski and Carlos Loyzaga.

Filipino Culture

In its geographical location between the South China Sea and Philippine Sea, the Republic of the Philippines has a broad range of landscapes, languages, and cultures to offer its inhabitants. Filipino culture has been influenced by and interacted with cultures from a variety of nations, including Spain, China, and the United States. The battle for Philippine independence resulted in the development of a feeling of national identity and pride. Loyalty, on the other hand, is always first and foremost with one’s family and place of birth.

  1. Geographic and linguistic diversity are important considerations.
  2. The country’s capital is Manila.
  3. Among the island clusters, there are significant differences in food, languages, and culture.
  4. The majority of the population in the northern islands is Christian, although Muslims constitute a far larger proportion of the population in the southern portions of the Philippines.
  5. In the Philippines, Tagalog (the dialect from central and southern Luzon) is the official language, which contains vocabulary from a variety of other languages.
  6. For example, English is widely spoken across the Philippines, and it is typical to hear Filipinos speak a combination of English and Tagalog (known unofficially as ‘Taglish’) in their everyday discussions, as in the case of the Philippines.
  7. Many Filipinos would frequently opt to talk in their regional languages and dialects as a means of maintaining their cultural identity.
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Identity at the national and local levels Given the rich diversity of the Philippines, identifying the uniting aspect of Filipino culture is a difficult task to do.

Many Filipinos nowadays are highly aware of their country’s past, which is reflected in their cultural practices.

However, the idea of a national identity is unstable, with people’s devotion being first and foremost to their group, region, or town, rather than to their country.

When it comes to Filipinos, the interests of the collective frequently take precedence over the interests of individuals.

A considerable influence on the Filipino identity continues to be exerted by the country’s long history of engagement with both Spain and the United States.

In the Philippines, physical characteristics associated with Western culture – such as pale complexion and curly hair – are widely used to determine one’s attractiveness.

Compared to other Asian nations, the Philippines has one of the largest proportions of Christians, according to the United Nations World Christian Population Report.

Almost all Filipinos are taught from an early age about the value of the social structures that support them.

Example: If you are referring to someone who is older than you but within the same generation as you, it is anticipated that you will use the termskuya (for men) andate (for women) in your address (for example, ‘Ate Jess’).

In the Philippines, kapwa (fellowship or togetherness) is considered a fundamental virtue that guides Filipinos’ interpersonal interactions.

The character of Filipino society is reflected in the word kapwa.

Being labeled as having no kapwa is an insult since it indicates that the individual does not belong to a certain community or group of people.

When translated into English, hiya can be translated as’self-loathing or humiliation,’ yet it alludes to one’s feeling of self, propriety, and respect on a more fundamental level.

In order to prevent feeling ashamed, people may try to give to those around them by complementing them and avoiding critical remarks about them.

Filipinos are generally warm and pleasant people who love engaging in conversation with others in their immediate vicinity.

Filipinos are known for being emotional and sentimental while still keeping a light-hearted demeanor in their interactions.

Philippines are typically eager to share memories from their past, even though they may be deemed personal by others.

This song, which means “come what may,” encapsulates the deep belief held by many Filipinos that everything happens is a part of God’s plan for them.

This reflects a common mentality prevalent across society, according to which Filipinos are typically accepting of their own and others’ circumstances.

This does not imply, however, that Filipinos are passive in their attitudes. Instead, they are industrious individuals who will frequently go above and beyond to provide for themselves and their families.

Guide to The Philippines

The Philippines is formally known as the Republic of the Philippines, which is the official name of the country. It is an archipelago made up of around 7,641 islands that spans approximately 300,000 square kilometers and has approximately 7 million people. These are separated into three major island groupings, namely Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao. Luzon is the largest of the three island groups. A population of around 100 million people, the Philippines is comprised of about 10 major ethnolinguistic groupings, as well as more than 100 tribal groups or indigenous peoples.

  • However, this should not be mistaken with the City of Manila, which serves as the country’s capital and administrative center.
  • Metro Manila, with a population of around 12.8 million people, is the most densely inhabited area in the Philippines, second only to the capital.
  • The Philippines is officially recognized as a secular state.
  • Islam is the religion of choice in the country, with the majority of Muslims residing in the provinces of Mindanao.
  • A survey conducted by TIME magazine on the social media platform Instagram resulted in Makati City being crowned the “Selfie Capital of the World” for the first time in 2014.

Local CultureLanguage

Despite the fact that the Philippines is located in Southeast Asia, its inhabitants are often considered to be notably “less Asian” than those from other Asian nations, according to popular opinion. This is owing to the large number of different groups who have lived in the nation over the years, including Chinese, Malay, and Islamic peoples, to mention a few examples. The Philippines takes great pleasure in its long and illustrious cultural heritage, which has been shaped mostly by Spanish and American colonization.

  • When it comes to religion and religious rituals, the impact of Spanish culture on Philippine culture is most noticeable.
  • Year-round, a plethora of “fiestas” or religious festivals are held, most of them are held in honor of the patron saints of the local communities.
  • Filipinos continue to remain superstitious in some rural sections of the nation, despite the fact that their beliefs conflict with Christian views.
  • Even if the elders swear by it, there is little doubt that members of their family continue to adhere to its teachings and practices.
  • Because of the presence of foreign fast food restaurants and brands, the American influence on Philippine society can clearly be seen here.
  • Filipino and English are the official languages of the Philippines.
  • As previously stated, Filipino is commonly referred to as “Tagalog” since it was formerly the country’s official language, and is still spoken by more than half of the people.
  • When it comes to the educational system, English is the primary language of teaching.
  • According to 2016 estimates, 52 million Filipinos are native English speakers, with around 36,000 Filipinos claiming English as their first language.
  • People from neighboring Asian nations frequently travel to the Philippines to further their English language skills.

The frequent code-switching between English and Filipino has resulted in the development of a popular “language.” This is referred to as “Taglish.” Taglish is a language that is commonly used in casual or colloquial circumstances.


Filipinos are known to kiss their acquaintances on the cheeks, a gesture known as “beso” (from the Spanish term for kiss). Traditionally, the beso is a single cheek-to-cheek kiss, however some would perform “beso-beso” or give both cheeks in more intimate and loving situations. It is more commonly used as a casual greeting among members of the upper class, although it is also commonly used during family reunions that include people of various social levels. Kisses on the cheek are only ever shared between a male and a female or between two females; they are never exchanged between two males as in Arab nations.

  • It’s best to be prepared when asking “How are you?
  • To continue on a similar theme, because Filipinos are passionate about food, they will frequently welcome you with a “Have you eaten?” or “Let’s eat!” (” Kain!”), whether they have just happened to see you in public, are seeing you at work, or are welcoming you into their house.
  • Keep an eye out for rudeness, since being the first to acquire food may be perceived as such.
  • In a same vein, when the final chunk or piece of a meal is left, Filipinos will generally wait for one another instead of grabbing it straight away, frequently resulting in the dish going untouched entirely.
  • Failure to do so, in their opinion, will bring disgrace not only upon himself or herself, but also onto their family.
  • They will tend to comply in such a way as to avoid confrontation and causing inconvenience to others — the idea of “pakikisama” is used to describe this behavior.
  • Filipinos also have a strong feeling of obligation, which they refer to as “utang na loob.” This is a relatively visible norm of reciprocity; if you do a Filipino a favor, they will very certainly remember it and return to your help in the future, whether or not you ask for it.

Business MeetingManagement Advice

In Philippine culture, there is a clear separation of power. This means that inferior employees are largely accepting of the hierarchical structure in their organizations and have no qualms about being told what to do by their superiors. They will more frequently than not address their superiors as “Sir” or “Ma’am,” as opposed to addressing them by their first names. Employees of more well-known global corporations will make an effort to adhere to a more Western, equal work environment. It is reasonable to expect you to be addressed in this manner out of habit and as an expression of respect.

  • Because Filipinos place a high importance on interpersonal connections, they will respond positively to positive reinforcement, whether it comes in the form of spoken compliments or simple pats on the back.
  • Considering that food plays an important role in Filipino culture and socialization, business meetings are likely to take place over lunch, an afternoon snack known as “merienda,” or supper.
  • You will almost certainly come across the expression “Filipino time.”.
  • People you will be meeting with, on the other hand, may not come until half an hour after the scheduled time.
  • Another word of caution for those in charge of management and organizational development: Filipinos are notoriously difficult to please when it comes to constructive feedback.
  • The notion of “hiya,” which we discussed before, is brought up again in this context.

In order to establish a professional relationship based on trust, you must demonstrate real interest in your business partner, colleagues, or workers as individuals and not only as resources of the organization they represent or to which they belong.

Relocating / Expat Advice

Beyond the plethora of lucrative economic prospects that exist in the Philippines, many tourists are drawn to this country by the promise of its lovely beaches and welcoming people. However, while the nation’s attractiveness is apparent, it is important not to lose sight of the practical issues that must be taken into account for everyday life in order to get the most out of your long-term stay in the country. When migrating, one of the most urgent considerations for an expat would be the availability of housing and the location of their new home.

It is possible to live in a secure and quiet neighborhood close to private international schools if you are an expat migrating with your family.

Additionally, you should evaluate the accessibility of your apartment to financial or commercial areas, where you will most likely be employed, because traffic in Metro Manila is notoriously unpredictable and frequently horrible.

This may also put you in danger, especially if you appear to be a target for pickpockets or muggers because you are noticeable or can be viewed as such.

Vehicles that can be summoned through ride-sharing applications on cellphones are plentiful, safe, and dependable.

If you are planning a longer trip or vacation and want to see and experience the diverse regional cultures, island hopping in the Visayas region is the most suggested technique.

Kwintessential Language Translation Services

It is possible that you may want assistance with certified translation services or legal translation if you are conducting business in the Philippines. Kwintessential is proud of its expert staff of Filipino translators that are available to assist you; we also have Spanish translators on hand if required. Get in touch with us right now for further information and estimates.

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