What Is Dominant Culture

What does “dominant culture” mean in the workplace?

The efforts of your business to develop an inclusive atmosphere might be hampered by the presence of a dominating culture. However, the notion of dominant culture might be a bit ambiguous. Is it always a terrible thing, you might wonder? Learn what dominant culture is, why it is important for businesses to be aware of it, and how subcultures play a role in the workplace. Leaders may encourage a non-biased work atmosphere if they are more aware of the issue.

What is “dominant culture?”

When a dominant culture takes hold, it has established its own set of norms, values, and preferences as the standard for a whole group of people to follow. Preferences and conventions are imposed regardless of whether or not they are in conflict with what other members of the group are used to doing. Even if these habits and practices are not shared by all members of the group, the group tends to embrace and adopt them. This only occurs to a certain extent when the dominant culture’s standards are regarded to be preferred or meaningful by a majority of the people, which is not always the case.

The norms of the dominant culture may be adopted because they are convenient or widely practiced.

  • However, they may also be acceptable since breaking them would result in a social repercussion.
  • Frequently, however, this promotion is accompanied with the repression of other cultures as a result of the promotion.
  • In practice, we can find examples of this all over the place.
  • Why?
  • Swearing on the Bible is therefore a culturally meaningful act, even if it does not have the same spiritual significance for everyone.
  • However, while culture might have an ethnic or racial meaning, the notion of culture has grown increasingly significant in the workplace.
  • When a company supports a specific sort of culture, whether on purpose or not, it quickly spreads across the firm.
  • For example, a startup may have a culture that is fast-paced and focused on growth at any costs.
  • This culture is exemplified by the company’s initial few workers, who then recruit others who share their interests and way of doing things.

Someone seeking work-life balance may believe that it is simpler to find a new employment than it is to question the existing culture. This is incorrect. Because organizational culture symbolizes the leadership of the organization, culture and power are interwoven.

Why is it an important concept to consider in today’s workplace?

Modern workplaces cannot be understood without first gaining a grasp of culture – whether it is ethnic, personal, professional, or organizational in nature. It is necessary for us to have discussions about it. Employment provides a great deal more than just a location to collect a salary. We are absorbed in our job for the most of the day. And our labor, over time, contributes to the advancement of our professions. As a result, workplace culture has a significant impact on our ability to be successful in our jobs — and in our lives.

However, it might be difficult to tell the difference between the two.

These ideas guide our perceptions of what it means to be successful and to be a professional.

The more successfully you integrate into the prevailing culture, the more successful and attractive you are regarded to be by others around you.

Professionalism and dominant culture

According to scholars Tema Okun and Keith Jones, these norms are a result of the “systematic, institutionalized emphasis of whiteness” in society. This isn’t classic white supremacy in the usual meaning of the term. However, because of the bias toward whiteness and Westernized culture, individuals of other groups may be subjected to discrimination, ostracism, and violence. Not adhering to the culture is not only neutral, but it is also detrimental. Aysa Gray categorizes the ways in which white-centered professionalism is reinforced in a discussion of their findings published in the Stanford Social Innovation Review, which she co-authored.

  • Whiteness and Western culture are associated with an implicit or unconscious prejudice in psychology. Images of white, rich males as being linked with success are pervasive in the media. A number of studies have discovered that candidates with non-white names were less likely to be considered by employers. Employers who demonstrate an obvious preference for white candidates are known as overt preferences. Race-based norms that are classified as a “cultural” workplace fit are examples of cultural prejudice. Language bias: Those with a “non-white” accent are less likely to be employed or promoted than those with a “white” accent. Second-language speakers and those without a college degree are alienated by an unduly complicated vocabulary. Promotional ceilings: discrimination in the promotion of goods and services. In terms of executive jobs, Asian Americans are statistically the least likely to get appointed. Resumes and hiring bias:Employers look for “feminine” qualities in resumes, such as the use of bullet points (I’m serious —bullet points)
  • The use of a feminine-sounding title
  • And the use of a feminine-sounding title. Non-white employees are subjected to higher standards and harsher punishments as a result of micromanagement. When it comes to time management, there are cultural variances in productivity and time that might influence this norm.

In psychology, there is an implicit or unconscious preference towards white people and Western civilization. Images of white, rich males as being linked with success are pervasive in the media today. Many studies have discovered that individuals with non-white names were less likely to be considered by prospective employers. Employers who demonstrate an obvious preference for white candidates are known as overt preference employers. Race-based norms that are classified as a “cultural” workplace fit are examples of culture bias.

Difficulties in obtaining promotions: prejudice in the promotion process In terms of receiving managerial roles, Asian Americans are statistically the least probable.

Non-white workers are subjected to higher standards and harsher punishments as a result of micromanagement.

What do subculture and counterculture mean in the workplace?

Subculture and counterculture may conjure up images of edgy haircuts, studded leather, and warehouse performances, among other things. In actuality, the phrases are used to describe to any groups that are not part of the prevailing cultural tradition. In contrast to the dominant culture, a subculture is a dynamic, typically unstructured group that arises outside of it. Subcultures arise around qualities that are shared by everyone: tenure, department, socioeconomic background, or even sports affinities, to name a few.

  1. Examples include a college’s LGBTQIA alliance or a close-knit marketing department, among others.
  2. Subcultures, on the other hand, can help people feel more connected to one another.
  3. Seeing people keep their sense of self while prospering inside an organization might be helpful for those who are experiencing similar feelings.
  4. The values of the organization are reinforced by the presence and assimilation of the values on an individual level, which helps to establish cohesiveness.
  5. This is most often the case when the subculture is at conflict with the prevailing culture of an organization.
  6. It is conceivable that a more destructive counterculture will develop.
  7. It is almost always unable to live with the prevailing culture.

What can you do to promote a non-biased work environment?

Subculture and counterculture are terms that may conjure up images of edgy haircuts, studded leather, and warehouse performances, among other things. It is indeed true that the labels refer to any groups that are outside of the mainstream culture. When a subculture arises outside of the dominant culture, it is characterized by its dynamic nature and informality. Subcultures arise around qualities that are shared by everyone: tenure, department, socioeconomic background, or even sports affinities, to name a few examples.

  • The LGBTQIA alliance on campus or a close-knit marketing department are two examples.
  • Subcultures, in fact, can help people feel more connected to one another.
  • Seeing others keep their sense of self while prospering within an organization can be helpful for others who are experiencing difficulties.
  • The values of the organization are reinforced by their presence and assimilation on an individual level, which helps to establish togetherness.
  • This is most often the case when the subculture is at variance with the prevailing culture of the corporation.
  • There is a good chance that a more destructive counterculture will arise.

Controversial by its very nature, a counterculture can be described as As a rule, it is unable to live peacefully alongside the dominant culture. Because of their fundamental incompatibility, the mainstream culture and the counterculture are unable to coexist.

  • Is everyone the same height and build? If that’s the case, it might be a red sign. Many people are demanding for all-white panels or executive boards to be called out, but there may be more to it than just that. If a group’s variety of thinking, socioeconomic background, race, or educational attainment is low, this may indicate a potential problem. Does it appear that individuals are comfortable discussing what is important to them? Do they downplay the fact that they have children, families, or other responsibilities outside of work? Do they believe they must be “sneaky” in order to practice their religious and spiritual beliefs
  • And Are employees taking advantage of their employer’s perks? Do you have employees who often take advantage of the opportunity to shorten their incapacity or paternity leave? What role does your company place on employee access to therapy and other support services? Do you actively encourage workers to engage in talks about change in your business? Is there a sense that “this is just the way things are” in your organization, or does it actively foster development? Is there a visible representation of diversity in your organization? It appears to be widespread across ethnic, racial, gender, and neurodiverse lines. Does this hold true for you? Do they feel as though they are part of something? Which criteria are being used to determine your achievement, and who is assessing your success in terms of diversity? It is important not to fall into the trap of treating individuals as if they are statistics. Don’t forget to create targets and hold people accountable for representation at all levels of your business. Have you looked into your culture to see if there is any coded language? Do you have standards that don’t matter in terms of the outcomes you achieve? For example, do you require employees to wear specific haircuts or to forego head coverings
  • Do you portray subcultures as a danger to your organization? How do you feel about inviting and encouraging people to interact with one another, or do you insist on things being done a specific way? What do the social activities at your business look like? Consider changing the time of day, day of the week, or activity to something more inclusive if the crowds are sparse or consist primarily of the same people.

One of the most effective antidotes to an environment dominated by the dominant culture is to create an atmosphere in which its subcultures may thrive. It is not necessary to reject or eliminate a culture in order to weaken its hold on the dominant position. Making room for subcultures to develop is analogous to opening the windows and allowing more air and sunlight in. It promotes a more healthy atmosphere for everyone, including those who are most closely aligned with the mainstream cultural paradigm.

The date of publication is June 3, 2021.

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The notion of a dominating culture, often known as the concept of hegemony, may be traced back to antiquity. However, near the end of the nineteenth century, Antonio Gramsci, a political leader as well as a philosopher, reformulated the notion. However, although Lenin, a politician and a political theorist, characterized the idea as “Domination,” Gramsci reformulated it as “An intellectual and moral leadership led by opposing political, cultural, and organizational actors and institutions.” He referred to these groups as “organic and traditional intellectuals,” and he claimed that they represented the interests of the working classes.

  • The term may relate to a language, religion / rites of passage, societal value, and/or habit.
  • It is possible for an individual to acquire dominance if they are viewed as belonging to a majority of the people and have a large presence in organizations that deal with communication and education as well as creative expression and institutions that deal with government and business.
  • In a society, culture is formed and directed by those who wield the greatest amount of authority (hegemony).
  • Establishing a dominant culture, also known as cultural hegemony, is accomplished in a society by a group of persons who drive the dominating ideas; values; and beliefs, which eventually come to define the dominant worldview of that community.
  • The dominant culture also makes use of the media and the law to further their ideology.
  • The dominant culture within a single geopolitical entity might vary throughout time as a result of internal or external forces, although one culture is often relatively durable to change.

The overall image painted by Gramsci, on the other hand, is not one of a static, closed system of ruling-class dominance. Instead, it is a society in perpetual flux, in which the possibility of establishing counter-hegemonies remains a viable alternative.

Examples of dominant cultures

In the United States, for example, a distinction is frequently drawn between the indigenous culture of Native Americans and the dominant culture, which may be described as ” WASP “, ” Anglo “, “white”, “middle class “, and so on. In other words, there is a distinction between the indigenous culture of Native Americans and the dominant culture. Some Native Americans are considered to be a part of the culture of their own tribe, community, or family, while also being a part of the mainstream culture of the United States of America.

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The dominant culture is perceived as presenting an option between opposing, being opposed by, assimilating into, acculturating (i.e.

Interactions between dominant culture and co-culture

Co-culture is comprised of minority groups, or groups whose views and values differ from those of the dominant culture, as defined by the United Nations. Women, LGBTQ+ persons, and black people or African American members are just a few examples of minority groups that might suffer severe consequences as a result of their engagement with the majority culture. Minority groups might be subjected to stress as a result of the majority culture’s actions. Minority stress may be defined as the product of the disparities in values between the minority and the dominant values, as opposed to the opposite.

Members of the LGBTQ+ group who live in a heterosexist society are more prone to and more likely to suffer from chronic stress as a result of their stigmatization and marginalization.

An LGBTQ+ member’s predisposition to social unfavorable sentiments toward themselves may be described as internalized homophobia, whilst stigma can be defined as an LGBTQ+ member’s anticipation of discrimination and rejection.


Women, like many other co-culture groups, are profoundly influenced by the dominant culture in which they live and work. Women are often regarded as less deserving of economic and educational chances in the dominant cultural milieu. Furthermore, in many cultures, women are expected to behave in a specific manner and to take on responsibilities that men do not, as they are subject to double standards. These exchanges have the potential to have unfavorable and harmful consequences for women. Women, for example, may feel confined in their ability to express themselves freely, to fight for their objectives, and to attempt new hobbies.

Black and African American community

On a global scale, black or African American groups have been influenced by the dominating cultures and traditions. In order for black people to become fully integrated into the cultural hegemony in various nations, they were frequently secluded from their own cultural group or attempts were made to entirely obliterate their culture.

It is possible to find several examples of cultural estrangement and destruction within black and African American communities.

See also

  1. “Hegemony – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics” is an overview of hegemony. T. J. Jackson, T. J. Lears, T. J. Jackson, T. J. Jackson, T. J. Jackson (June 1985). “The Concept of Cultural Hegemony: Problems and Possibilities” is a paper that examines the concept of cultural hegemony. The American Historical Review, volume 90, number 3, pages 567–593. Gordon Marshall’s 1860957.ISSN0002-8762.JSTOR1860957 is available at doi: 10.2307/1860957.ISSN0002-8762.JSTOR1860957 (1998). A Sociology Dictionary is a collection of articles written by sociologists for sociologists. Oxford University Press is a publishing house based in Oxford, England. Johnson, Richard
  2. Chambers, Deborah
  3. Raghuram, Parvati
  4. Tincknell, Estella
  5. Raghuram, Parvati (2004-04-14). Cultural Hegemony: What precisely has constructed us?, SAGE Publications, ISBN 978-1-84860-514-5
  6. “Cultural Hegemony: What exactly has constructed us?” Maria Falkenhagen and Inga K. Kelly (2012-07-13)
  7. Retrieved2021-07-13
  8. (May 1974). Teachers’ perceptions of stereotypes about Native Americans in juvenile fiction are examined in this study. Journal of American Indian Education, Volume 13, Number 13. (2). The original version of this article was published on 2015-01-20.:CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  9. Lisa Lowe (1996). Immigrant Acts: Asian American Cultural Politics in the United States. 978-0-8223-1864-4
  10. Lisa Lowe (review of book by RabbiMeir Kahane)
  11. Duke University Press
  12. ISBN 978-0-8223-1864-4
  13. (2004-02-10). “What is the point of being Jewish? Intermarriage, assimilation, and alienation are among terms used to describe these processes “. The Jewish Observer
  14. Shlomo Sharan’s work (April 2004). “Assimilation, Normalcy, and Jewish Self-Hatred,” as the title suggests. NATIV Online is a service provided by NATIV. Patricia S. Parker’s article was archived from the original on December 3, 2008. (August 2001). “African American Women Executives’ Leadership Communication within Dominant-Culture Organizations: (Re)Conceptualizing Notions of Collaboration and Instrumentality” is a paper published in the journal “African American Women Executives’ Leadership Communication.” Management Communication Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 1, p. 1
  15. Penelope Bass is an actress and singer from the United Kingdom (2009-01-29). « Culture and Controversy: The ‘Otra Voz’ display aspires to generate debate.» Joan B. Stone’s article was archived from the original on July 11, 2011. (1998). Ila Parasnis is a model and actress (ed.). Diversity in Culture and Language, as well as the Deaf Experience It is published by Cambridge University Press under the ISBN 978-0-521-64565-2. Carla A. Halpern is a professional writer and editor (1995). In this article, “Listening In on Deaf Culture,” Harvard University’s Office of Diversity and Distinction The original version of this article was published on October 6, 2013. Hebdige, Dick (2009-01-29)
  16. Retrieved 2009-01-29
  17. (2013-10-08). ISBN: 978-1-136-49473-4
  18. Ab Retrieved2021-07-30
  19. s^ Iwane, Marcus K.
  20. Nacapoy, Andrea H. (2010). “Effects of Perceived Racism and Acculturation on Hypertension in Native Hawaiians.” Hawaii Medical Journal.69(5 suppl 2): 11–15. Kaholokula, Joseph Keawe’aimoku
  21. Iwane, Marcus K.
  22. Nacapoy, Andrea H. abMeyer, Ilan H. (1995). “Minority Stress and Mental Health in Gay Men.” ISSN0017-8594.PMC3158444.PMID20544603
  23. AbMeyer, Ilan H. (1995). “Minority Stress and Mental Health in Gay Men.” “Women as a Minority | Boundless Sociology”.courses.lumenlearning.com. Retrieved 2012-01-31
  24. “Gender and Socialization | Introduction to Sociology”.courses.lumenlearning.com. Retrieved 2012-01-31
  25. “Women as a Minority | Boundless Sociology | Introduction to Sociology”.courses.lum Dr. Shawn Andrews, “Council Post: How Culture Impacts Our Value of Women,” Council on Contemporary Women’s Issues, November/December 2005. The Forbes article was retrieved on January 31, 2012
  26. “Dominant Culture – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics” was retrieved on January 8, 2012
  27. “Bringing them home” was retrieved on January 8, 2012. (PDF). The Australian Human Rights Commission released a statement on May 26, 1997. Archived from the original on July 30, 2021.:CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Society and Culture Hierarchy of Cultures Summary & Analysis

Generally speaking, in civilizations where there are multiple types of individuals, one group is either larger or more powerful than the others. In general, civilizations are composed of three types of cultures: the mainstream culture, subcultures, and countercultures.

Dominant Culture

In a society, the dominant culture is the group whose members constitute the majority or who wield greater authority than members of other communities. The dominant culture in the United States is that of white, middle-class, Protestant individuals of northern European heritage who are of white, middle-class, Protestant origin. It has a higher proportion of white people than African Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans, or Native Americans, and it has a higher proportion of middle-class individuals than either wealthy or impoverished people.


A subculture is a group of people who live in a way that differs from, but is not in opposition to, the prevailing culture. A subculture is a culture that exists inside a larger culture. For example, Jews have a distinct subculture in the mostly Christian United States. Because Protestants constitute the majority of the population in the United States, Catholics have a distinct subculture. Despite the fact that members of these subcultures are members of the prevailing culture, they also have a material and nonmaterial culture that is unique to their subcultures.

The following characteristics can also be used to describe a subculture:

  • When it comes to living differently from, but not in opposition to, the prevailing culture, a subculture is defined as follows: A subculture is a culture that exists within a larger culture of one’s choosing. As an example, in the predominantly Christian United States, Jews have established themselves as a subculture. Given that the majority of Americans are Protestant, Catholics constitute a distinct subculture. These subcultures have members who are members of the prevailing culture, but they also have a material and nonmaterial culture that is unique to their subcultures. Subcultures are defined by a variety of factors, not just their religious affiliation. Subcultures can be defined by the elements listed below:

W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois was a seminal thinker of subcultures in the twentieth century. A prominent sociologist of racial relations in the United States, Du Bois was the first African American to get a Ph.D. from Harvard University and one of the most well-known African Americans to do so. Racism, according to him, was the most significant challenge that American society confronted during the twentieth century. The repercussions of what he termed the “color line” in America were of particular interest to him, as was racism’s influence on whites and blacks alike, which he investigated in depth.


An anti-dominant culture is a subculture that exists in opposition to the dominant culture. For example, the hippies of the 1960s were considered a counterculture because they stood in opposition to the fundamental beliefs held by the majority of inhabitants of the United States. Material belongings and money gain were avoided by hippies. They also opposed conventional marriage and advocated for what they called free love, which was essentially the right to have sexual relations outside of marriage.

Not all countercultures are peaceful in their approach.

Another subculture in the United States was brought to light as a result of that heinous crime: rural militias, which were previously unknown.

While such organizations go by a variety of names, the majority of its members are individuals who loathe the United States government for what they perceive to be its involvement in the lives of citizens.

What does dominant culture mean?

  1. Culture that is dominant The dominant culture of a civilization refers to the language, religion, conduct, values, rituals, and social practices that have been entrenched over time. These characteristics are frequently accepted as the standard for the entire culture. When the dominant culture is in the majority, it is typically, but not always, successful in achieving domination through the control of social institutions such as communication, educational institutions, creative expression, legislation, the political process, and the corporate environment. The term is commonly used in academic discourse in subjects like as sociology, anthropology, and cultural studies. It is also used in popular culture. When living in a multicultural society, people of different cultures are honored and valued on an equal basis. A dominant culture may be fostered with thought and decision, as well as via the repression of other cultures or Subcultures.

How to pronounce dominant culture?

  1. Chaldean Numerology is a system of numbers that was developed by the Chaldeans. When it comes to Chaldean Numerology, the numerical value of dominating culture is 6
  2. Pythagorean Numerology is a system of numbers that was developed by Pythagorean philosopher Pythagorean numerology In Pythagorean Numerology, the numerical value of dominant culture is 1
  3. In other words, it is the most powerful civilization.

Examples of dominant culture in a Sentence

  1. Chaldean Numerology is a system of numbers that was developed in the ancient world. When it comes to Chaldean Numerology, the numerical value of dominating culture is: 6. Pythagorean Numerology is a system of numbers that was developed by Pythagorean philosopher Pythagorean number theory When it comes to Pythagorean Numerology, the numerical value of dominating culture is 1


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Word of the Day

As defined by Be the Change Consulting, “dominant culture” is the set of behaviors and beliefs that serve as the template for human behavior. Team members get messages from their leaders about what is significant, appreciated, and rewarded in their company through the prevailing culture of the organization. These signals can be sent clearly and directly, or they can be communicated implicitly and in ways that are inferred. Establishing a deliberate culture that is clearly communicated and reinforced in a number of ways is a critical step toward achieving fairness and inclusion.

  • The following phrases were used: “Let’s be professional.” and “That wasn’t courteous.” “Please keep your language suitable.”

The following phrases were used: “Let’s be professional.” and “That wasn’t courteous.” • “Please act in a mature manner.”

Why Dominant Beliefs are Often Invisible

Here’s an illustration of a metaphor we utilize with customers. Consider the following scenario: you are strolling down the street when a bus comes barreling down the street and smashes you. Consider the following scenario: you’re bleeding out on the street, and a bus driver approaches you and asks, “what are you doing down there?” In response, you yell, “You struck me with your bus!” “No, I didn’t, what are you talking about?” the bus driver responds. When? Where? “Show me the proof!” In addition to tending to their injured body, the individual lying on the ground must deal with the irritation produced by the bus driver, as well as find out how to communicate something that was visceral and terrible to them but utterly undetectable to the bus driver.

  1. This is what happens when bodies of culture (such as Black people of color, Indigenous peoples, and non-Black people of color) are targeted by dominant culture.
  2. Due to their vantage position, the bus driver is unable to observe what is going on down on the street, or sometimes never walks anywhere, and thus is unaware of the risks that pedestrians are exposed to on the road.
  3. If this scenario does not resonate with you, it is possible that you are more like the bus driver in this case than you are like the pedestrian.
  4. Their responses will be a beautiful gift of understanding from a different point of view.
  5. This article discusses fifteen activities that are at the foundation of the majority of workplace issues and problems.

The behaviors of dominant culture such as the Right to Comfort, Paternalism, and a Sense of Urgency are discussed in the essay. The act of reading them frequently provides organizational leaders with extremely tangible examples to absorb and get inquisitive about.

Why Common Language is Critical for Antiracism Work

We will have more busses driving out of control if we do not utilize conscious language to describe the practices of white supremacist culture. We will also have more bus drivers who are ignorant of the harm they are causing. Those of us who have been struck by a bus are well aware that we will be required to recount the accident and teach the person who has caused us injury in the future. This is stressful and leads to feelings of bitterness and distrust. Creating a common language before a disagreement or “bus accident” occurs, on the other hand, ensures that everyone is on the same page.

The common language we employ in anti-racism work helps to bridge the gap between people who come from different backgrounds and have different experiences.

We can all work together to name and tame them, and we can accomplish this collectively.

Building Shame Resilience When Dominant Culture is Named

When it comes to the process of making dominant culture visible in our workplaces, people who have positional or identity-based privilege are sure to experience feelings of guilt and shame. If we keep our minds open to new ideas and remain interested, we will rapidly discover the various ways in which privilege is advantageous to us. In the long run, we will witness a disproportionate influence on our teams, society, and the entire planet. As an organizational leader, I find it difficult to absorb new information, even when there is evidence of dominant culture behaviors taking place in my place of employment.

And the more I engage in this work, the more I recognize that I have the ability to shift from the heavy burden of humiliation or shame to a position of empowerment.

The ability to breathe through strong emotions and increase my tolerance for feeling uncomfortable has helped me to become more resilient.

How Privilege Makes it Hard to See the Harm We Cause

We are occasionally requested to provide an explanation for why we are relying on the study. “Can you tell me where this article came from?” a participant in a training session will inquire. “Can you tell me why you’re utilizing that instead of something else?” To fully comprehend this book, we will all need to wrestle with the material it contains. We’re all here as learners, exercising our critical faculties, and there’s plenty of room to disagree or ask questions in order to better grasp the topic.

  1. This is true for everyone who has an identity that reflects dominant culture, such as white people or cis-gendered men or able-bodied people; those who speak English as a first language or who identify as part of the gender binary; and so on.
  2. And it’s conceivable that someone from the street is doing the legwork to explain it to us.
  3. Here’s what I’m talking about: Take note of what occurs when you hear the following question: “As a white male, I’d like to understand why making dominant culture visible is so beneficial to anti-racism activity.” Can you tell a difference between the two?
  4. I’d like to know whether or not you’re aware that you’re driving the bus.
  5. Don’t give up on your dreams!
  6. Consectetur adipiscing elit, lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, adipiscing elit.
  7. At the end of the day, it’s all about the money, right?

It’s done and done, and it’s metus velit. It is Maecenas who is imperdiet felis, but it is me who is posuere. I’m pregnant, and I’m in Arcu. Pulvinar volutpat ex, sed libero, ac est lobortis, faucibus est lobortis, sed libero.

It’s done and done, and it’s metus velit. It is Maecenas who is imperdiet felis, but it is me who is posuere. I’m pregnant, and I’m in Arcu. Pulvinar volutpat ex, sed libero, ac est lobortis, faucibus est lobortis, sed libero.

Levels of culture

Anthropologists study patterns of behavior that are widespread among a certain group of people, or a culture, and they study them in depth. This is referred to as the hegemonic culture or mainstream culture in certain circles. When the term “dominant” is used, it should not be confused with the term “majority.” It is possible that the prevailing culture is a function of political power rather than absolute numbers of people. But the dominant culture borrows components from other civilizations, modifying or eliminating those parts that are deemed helpful or no longer essential in the current context.

  1. Even at the individual level, there may be distinctions between the prevailing culture and the one being observed.
  2. The levels that will be detailed further below are part of a categorization scheme.
  3. The levels of culture enable us to comprehend culture as a collection of smaller, interrelated pieces.
  4. The levels progress from the broad to the particular.
  5. As previously stated, one of the critiques leveled against the idea of culture is that it generalizes and caricatures certain groups of people.
  6. These generalizations, on the other hand, might be utilized to build a beginning point in the process of learning about a culture.

The Levels

In terms of international culture, it may be separated into two categories: Western culture and Eastern culture. The split has always been divided along two lines: religion and industry. Eastern culture is traditionally considered to be non-industrial; yet, as a result of contemporary development, this distinction has become less distinct than it was previously. Asian cultures include a different way of thinking, which is best demonstrated by the faiths of the East, such as Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism, which are all examples of Eastern culture.

  1. The importance of duty to one’s family over one’s own interests is emphasized.
  2. The ideas of ancient Greece and Rome formed the foundation of Western civilisation.
  3. Christians and Muslims constitute the majority of civilizations in the West.
  4. Western and Eastern cultures differ significantly, yet think in terms of dominance while considering these differences.
  5. The obligation to one’s family is not missing in western cultures; it is simply not emphasized to the same degree.
  6. The variety at the worldwide level may be divided into a number of subcultures, starting with the most broad, which is the National subculture.
  7. It is the culture of a country that we are discussing, as the phrase indicates, on a national level As an example, when someone mentions Ireland, Russia, or Brazil, specific mental images spring to mind.

If we talk about the United States in terms of the South, the Midwest, or the Southwest, we begin to make some assumptions about the culture of persons who live in those geographic regions, for example, the Midwest being populated mostly by farmers, which is not true in many cases.

Many individuals would construct a mental picture of the inhabitants in a certain state in the United States if we choose a specific state in the country.

For example, the degree of urban versus suburban versus rural may be considered, or the level of Seattle versus Tacoma could apply.

There are just a plethora of perspectives on the area.

The hippie/protest movement that swept through the United States during the 1960s is considered the archetypal example of a counter-culture.

Theidiosyncraticculture is the last and most particular level of culture, and it is the most difficult to define.

Our personal cultures are formed as a result of our being impacted by and selecting norms from all of the preceding levels of culture.

Without a doubt, all of these degrees of culture are broad generalizations based on little data.

It is only via the use of broad generalizations that we can establish a baseline of expectations.

When people utilize these broad generalizations to make snap judgments about other people, problems develop.

Culture is both overt and covert at the same time.

However, there are other characteristics that we are not educated about—they are covert and are most often picked up through observation.

Proxemics is the study of our personal bubble, or the amount of space we require around our physical person.

We don’t like it when others get close to us unless they’ve been invited.

We don’t learn something in a formal manner; instead, we learn it via observation.

For example, when asked to identify the ideals of American culture, individuals frequently refer to equality, democracy, and freedom, among other things.

All of these factors contribute to our perspective in one way or another.

The worldview of each individual has an influence on their views and interpretations of events that take place in their life.

This is referred described as naive realism in the literature. Everyone starts off like way, but as we learn about other people’s viewpoints, our naive realism diminishes, and our society shifts as a result of this knowledge.


Paul Bohannan and Mark Glazer are co-authors of this book. The second edition of High Points in Anthropology was published in 1988. McGraw-Hill, Inc. is based in New York. Tylor, Edward Burnett, and others. Primitive Culture was established in 1920. J.P. Putnam’s Sons, Inc., New York.

Dominant group/Culture – Wikiversity

Three Sámi Lapp ladies are seen in this photograph, which dates back to the 1890s. Image courtesy of j.cosmas. In most cases, aculture refers to the qualities of a certain civilization or nation, as well as a people’s way of life, that has been passed down from one generation to the next and is associated with a language and geographical place on Earth. In other cases, these features may be inherited from a dominating group rather than from a specific group of people. Dominance may manifest itself in a number of ways, such as benefiting a few or a few while reducing the enjoyment of life for others, such as through fear of harm or death, or even greater harm or death.


“Generally speaking, culture is a mix of the language that you speak and the physical region that you are from. It also involves the manner in which dates, timings, and currencies are represented.” Mead (1955, p. 12) defined culture as “an abstraction from the corpus of acquired behavior” that a group of individuals who share the same tradition “transmits entirely to their children” and “transmits in part to adult immigrants who become members of the society”

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Dominant group

In order to verify or reject each premise, examples drawn from original sources must be utilized as evidence. It is possible to collect them according to a certain subject or in general.

  1. The dominating group is an accident of whatever processes are in operation, according to the accident theory. The dominant group may be an artifact of human activity or it may have existed before to humans, according to the artifact hypothesis The dominating group is related in some manner with the initial study, according to the association hypothesis The dominating group is the group that discriminates against, abuses, punishes, and participates in extra criminal conduct against other groups, according to the bad group theory. It frequently enjoys an unfair advantage and takes use of this to engage in monopolistic behavior. hypothesis of a control group: there is a control group that may be utilized to investigate the dominating group
  2. When a main author of original research employs the word “dominant group,” it refers to an entity within each subject in which the term is used. The dominant group is a result of evolutionary processes, such groupings are the evolutionary process, create evolutionary processes, or are independent of evolutionary processes, according to the evolutionary theory The term “dominant group” refers to an identifier used by primary source writers of original research to designate an observation over the course of the investigation. When it comes to importance hypothesis, the dominating group denotes unique research findings that must be explained by theory and experiment interpretation. The dominating group may serve as a signal of something that the primary author of the original research has not yet identified or comprehended. When a dominating group is included in a primary source piece including original research, it is seen to imply influence or an influential occurrence. The term “interest hypothesis” refers to a theoretical entity that academic authors of primary sources employ to describe occurrences of particular interest. In the hypothesis of metadefinition for dominant group, all usage of dominant group by all primary source authors of original study are included in the metadefinition for dominant group. The null hypothesis states that there is no substantial or unique meaning of the dominating group in any phrase or picture caption in any refereed journal publication. When the word “dominant group” is used in a field by a primary author of original research, it refers to an entity within that area that is dominating. Obviously, the only meaning of dominating group that can be found in Mosby’s Medical Dictionary is the one that is stated above. In order to demonstrate that the article incorporates original research, the author may include a dominating group in a primary source article. Prehistoric hypothesis: dominant group is a fundamental idea intrinsic to humans, such that every language or other form of communication, no matter how ancient or whether extinct or on the verge of extinction or not, includes at least one synonym for dominant group
  3. Prehistoric hypothesis: The dominating group is inserted into articles by authors with a specific objective in mind. In certain cases, the dominant group is just an expression of the limits that exist inside a territory, according to the regional theory. Variation in those constraints may result in the extinction of a dominant group, followed by the emergence of a new dominating group or the extinction of all dominant groups. Within each field where the phrase is used by a primary author of original research, a source hypothesis: dominating group is used to identify a source. The word hypothesis:dominant groupis an important concept that may necessitate the development of a “rigorous definition” or the application and verification of an empirical definition.

Culture theory

  1. “The arts, customs, and habits that distinguish a particular society or nation”
  2. “the beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that define a people’s way of life”
  3. “any knowledge passed from one generation to the next, not necessarily with regard to human beings”, or
  4. “the language and peculiarities of a geographical location”
  5. “any knowledge passed from one generation to the next, not necessarily with regard to human beings”

This is referred as as aculture. The culture of a civilization or nation is determined by a dominant group that has influence over that society or nation’s affairs.


The art of a polity should reflect the taste, the culture, the ways of life, and the very existence of the ruling classes when aristocratic principles are imposed upon it, as is only inevitable when aristocratic values are imposed upon a polity.

Cultural assumptions

When members of the subject society discover that their adoption of the dominant group’s culture is being actively resisted by it, or that it is not benefiting their social standing, nativistic movements are more likely to emerge.


Through the sape, what James Scott (1990), in his great work on resistance methods in subcultures, refers to as “hidden transcripts”-a sequence of disguised signals and attitudes that form a secret criticism of the dominant group’s authority-begins to take shape. “As Ralph Connor revealingly termed his novel on immigration in the appropriated discourse, their experience is inscribed in the dominant culture as that of exotic Others, “foreigners.” In order to have a conversation about “national literature,” this dominating group has established the groundwork.

“In a dominating culture, not all of the participants are necessarily members of one of the dominant groups.

Ultimately, as I attempted to demonstrate in “Entre le Fantastique et la Science-Fiction, Lovecraft,” published in Cahiers de l’Herne No. 12 (1969), this liquidation is the central theme of Lovecraft’s oeuvre.”


Definition: The mainstream is defined as the “language and culture of the majority group.” Textbooks and teachings are heavily influenced by the language and culture of the dominant group,” says the author.


“The meanings and applications of material culture are created and controlled by dominant groups. Others who seek to be understood by the dominant group will need to express themselves in ways that are compatible with their control over the dominant group’s goods.”


If religious leaders protect the hegemony of dominant social groups or contribute to the formation of an oppositional culture, the establishment of mutually favorable conditions will determine their actions.


According to writers like Talal Asad in anthropology and Norman Fairclough in linguistics (Language and Power, 1989), the difference is that the notion of hegemony questions how a common social-moral language-a given discourse-achieves and reproduces its dominance, whereas earlier accounts of culture appeared to accept at face value the representations of the dominant group and their claim to speak for all.

Second languages

A substantial part of ESL (English as a Second Language) ideology is concerned with glorification of the non-material resources of dominant groups, including dominant languages and cultures, and perhaps specifically English, which are presented as better suited to meet the needs of’modern’, technologically developed, democratic post-industrial information-driven societies. “When the following critical factors are in place, a state of social oppression is created: This occurs when the target group’s culture, language, and history are inaccurately portrayed, dismissed or eliminated, and the dominant group’s culture is imposed.”

Subordinate groups

“While it is undeniable that the most significant changes occur in the culture of the subordinate group, the dominant group also undergoes a degree of change.” A member of a subordinate group may identify himself with a member of a dominant group, having adopted its culture, but he is not recognized by the latter and is instead classified as belonging to the subordinate group in a subordination-domination relationship.


“Until recently, the technical supremacy of European civilization had ensured the continued rule of colonial tribes.” “The majority of dominating groups have fared less well. Not only have they been endangered by foreign invasion or internal insurrection from the moment of their accession to power, but also by subtle processes of integration that have the potential to erode their special rights and privileges in the long term. This menace was particularly dangerous when, as was the case in most pre-machine era civilizations, the physical differences between the dominant and dominated populations were minimal, if any at all.”


“As a result, it signifies the resurgence of knowledges that have been suppressed by a dominant theology and a dominant cultural tradition.

Infrapolitics is a language that is concealed, and the oppressed can only be heard via speech actions and a variety of other activities that are carried out behind the backs of the dominant group. This is where you will find the voice of the oppressed.”


  1. It is possible that the dominant group for culture is merely the negative group.

See also

  1. ↑ “culture,” according to Wiktionary. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., based in San Francisco, California, published a report on December 23, 2012. Mead, M. (Ed. ), retrieved on 2013-03-01
  2. Mead, M. (Ed). (1955). Cultural tendencies and technological evolution are two factors to consider. Edward G. Cox’s “Art in a Democracy” was published in April 1923 by Mentor Books in New York. The Sewanee Review, volume 31, number 2, pages 187-97. Retrieved on July 26, 2011
  3. “Nativistic movements,” according to Ralph Linton (April-June 1943). Journal of American Anthropology45(2):230-40, doi: 10.1525/aa.1943.45.2.02a00070, 1944. 2011-07-26
  4. Ch. Didier Gondola, retrieved on 2011-07-26 (April 1999). Afro-American Studies Review42(1):23-48. “Dream and Drama: The Search for Elegance among Congolese Youth.” Barbara Godard (Spring 1990).”The Discourse of the Other: Canadian Literature and the Question of Ethnicity.” The Massachusetts Review 31(1/2):153-84. Retrieved 2012-02-09. David Ian Hanauer (September 2003). “Multicultural moments in poetry: The relevance of the unique.” Retrieved on April 26, 2012. In the 60th issue of Canadian Modern Language Review/La Revue Canadienne des langues vivantes, the authors write: “69-87.” doi: 10.3138/cmlr.60.1.69. Obtainable on the 21st of October, 2011
  5. Gerard Klein, D. Suvin, and Leila Lecorps (March 1977). “Dissatisfaction in contemporary American science fiction.” Science Fiction Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 3-13. Archived from the original on 2012-02-09
  6. 9.09.1 Sheldon Shaeffer is an American businessman and philanthropist (2007). “Advocacy Kit for Promoting Multilingual Education: Including the Excluded” is a resource for anyone who want to advocate for multilingual education (PDF). Prakanong, Bangkok, Thailand: Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education, United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). ISBN 92-9223-110-3. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). 2012-08-29
  7. Retrieved 2012-08-29
  8. Paul A. Shackel’s full name is Paul A. Shackel (2000). Craft to wage labor: a collection of essays by Marcia-Anne Dobres and John E. Robb, ed. Agency and resistance in historical archaeology in the United States, see: Agency in Archaeology. Routledge is based in London. Dwight B. Billings, et al., eds., retrieved on December 6, 2011. (July 1990). “Religion as opposition: A Gramscian interpretation of religion as antagonism.” American Journal of Sociology, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 31-41. Brian V. Street (2011-07-21)
  9. Retrieved on 2011-07-21
  10. (1993). Culture is a Verb: Anthropological Aspects of Language and Cultural Process, edited by David Graddol, in Language and Culture (Language and Culture). Multilingual Matters Ltd., Clevedon, United Kingdom, pp. 23-43 (in English). ISBN1-85359-207-2. lr= id=U2NTxpfrapkC. lr= id=U2NTxpfrapkC. oi=fnd pg=PA23 ots=mw2ji1CTOB sig=4X Woz32aHIHIXI0GNgXZS8Umds sig=4X Woz32aHIHIXI0GNgXZS8Umds sig=4X Woz32aHIHIXI0GNgXZS8Umds sig=4X Woz32 The document was retrieved on May 12, 2012
  11. Tove Skutnabb-Kangas (January 2000). Linguistic genocide in education, or global variety and respect for human rights? pp. 818. ISBN0-8058-3467-2
  12. Rita Hardiman and Bailey W. Jackson. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN0-8058-3467-2 (1997). A sourcebook on teaching for diversity and social justice by Maurianne Adams, ed., Conceptual Foundations for Sociology Courses (Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice: A Sourcebook). The Psychology Press/Routledge Encyclopedia of Psychology, pp. 16-29. New York: Psychology Press/Routledge. Retrieved on October 8, 2011
  13. Charles R. Ewen (2000). “From Colonist to Creole: Archaeological Patterns of Spanish Colonization in the New World” is a book on the history of Spanish colonization in the New World. Historical Archaeology, volume 34, number 3, pages 36-45. Obtainable on January 3, 2012
  14. J. S. Slotkin (February 1942). “Intermarriage between Jews and Gentiles in Chicago.” The American Sociological Review, volume 7, number 1, pages 34–9. Beverley Haddad (2004). “The manyano movement in South Africa: a place of struggle, survival, and resistance.” Retrieved on July 26, 2011. Agenda: Empowering women for gender equity, 18(61):4-13, doi: 10.1080/10130950.2004.9676032. Agenda: Empowering women for gender equity 2012-04-01
  15. Retrieved on 2012-04-01

Further reading

  • In April-June 1943, Ralph Linton published “Nativistic movements” in American Anthropologist45(2), pages 230-40. doi: 10.1525/aa.1943.45.2.02a00070. In April-June 1943, Ralph Linton published “Nativistic movements” in American Anthropologist45(2), pages 230-40. Retrieved on the 26th of July, 2011.

External links

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