What Is Culture Regions

Contents

Cultural area – Wikipedia

The Standard cross-cultural sample includes cultural regions from Africa, the Circum-Mediterranean, East Eurasia, South America, North America, and the Insular-Pacific, starting at the top and working clockwise. Whitten and Hunter’s cultural zones of the world are characterized as follows: In anthropology and geography, a cultural region, cultural sphere, cultural area, or culture area refers to a territory that is dominated by a single, largely homogenous human activity or set of activities (culture).

Specific cultures are frequently not restricted to the borders of a nation state or to smaller subdivisions of a state in terms of their geographic distribution.

In addition, different borders can be established based on the particular component of interest, such as religion and folklore against clothes and architecture versus language.

History of concept

When it comes to cultural anthropology, the term of culture area refers to a geographical region and historical sequence (age area) that is defined by a mostly consistent environment and culture. The notion of cultural regions was developed by museum curators and ethnologists in the late 1800s as a manner of organizing exhibits in museums and ethnological institutions. The notion was further expanded by Clark Wissler and Alfred Kroeber on the basis that they symbolize long-standing cultural differences, which they said.

The categorization of human societies into cultural zones continues to be a frequent practice in social sciences, contrary to the views of certain scholars.

Types

A formal culture region is a geographical area inhabited by people who share one or more cultural characteristics in common, such as language, religion, or a method of subsistence, with one another. It is a geographical area that is generally homogenous in terms of one or more cultural characteristics. In order to identify formal culture regions, the geographer must first identify cultural borders. Because cultures overlap and mix, even if just one cultural attribute is mapped, such borders are rarely crisp, and as a result, cultural border zones, rather than lines, are seen rather than lines.

  • As a result, rather of having distinct borders, formal cultural regions disclose a central or core region in which all of the distinguishing characteristics are present.
  • In this way, many formal cultural areas have a core-periphery structure.
  • Nodes or focal sites where functions are coordinated and directed are found in functional culture zones, such as city halls, national capitols, precinct voting centers, parish churches, factories, and banks.
  • There are a number of functional regions with well defined borders that comprise all area under the jurisdiction of a certain metropolitan authority that is marked by a line that distinguishes one jurisdiction from another on a regional map that is clearly outlined on a regional map.
  • Others are founded on economic, political, or historical traits, while others are based on physical environmental factors or a combination of the two.
  • Essentially, it develops from people’s sense of belonging and affinity with a specific geographical area or region.
  • Despite the fact that they may be concentrated on a single urban node, they frequently lack the organization essential for functioning areas.
  • Using the terms “cultural hearth” (no source for this term was provided), “cultural core,” by Donald W.

He cited Meinigs’ usage of the terms “domain” (a dominant area) and “sphere” (a sphere of influence) outside of a core area (area influenced but not dominant).

Cultural boundary

a cultural barrier (also known as a cultural border) is a geographical boundary that separates two distinct ethnic or ethnolinguistic civilizations in the field of ethnology. A language border is inherently a cultural border (because language is a significant part of a society’s culture), but it can also divide subgroups of the same ethnolinguistic group along more subtle criteria, such as theBrünig-Napf-Reuss line in German-speaking Switzerland, theWeißwurstäquator in Germany, or theGrote rivierenboundary between Dutch and Flemish culture (see also: Brünig-Napf-Reuss line).

The following important cultural borders may be discovered in the history of Europe:

  • It can be found in the Balkans along theJireek Line, which divides the area of dominant Latin (Western Roman Empire) influence from that of dominant Greek (Eastern Roman Empire) influence
  • And in Western Europe between Latin Europe, where the legacy of the Roman Empire remained dominant, and Germanic Europe, where it was significantly syncretized with Germanic culture
  • And in Eastern Europe between the legacy of the Roman Empire and the legacy of Germanic culture.

“Worlds,” “spheres,” and “civilizations” are all terms used to describe macro-cultures on a continental scale, and include terms like “Muslim world.” The term “cultural border” can also refer to a separation between subcultures or classes within a particular civilization, such as “blue collar” and “white collar,” among other distinctions.

Role in conflict

When it comes to political and military confrontations, cultural divides may sometimes make the difference between friends and enemies. It is often attempted to unite all native speakers of a specific language who are perceived to be part of a cohesive ethnic group or country into one nation-state with one culture under the banner of ethnonationalism or pan-nationalism, although this is not always successful. In nationality laws and repatriation laws, the affiliation of an ethnolinguistic group with a nation-state can be codified.

In other instances, attempts have been attempted to split countries based on cultural borders through the use of secession and division.

Examples

  • The East–West dichotomy is defined as follows: Western civilization and Western world in opposition to the Orient and Eastern world. North–South split: The North–South divide is often seen as a socio-economic and political division
  • However, there are some exceptions. South Asia
  • The Global South
  • The Caribbean, Central America, Mesoamerica, North America, Northern America, and South America are the regions covered.
  • Mainland Southeast Asia and Indochina
  • Maritime Southeast Asia
  • And Southeast Asia in general
  • Arab World, Arab-speaking world, and Arab diaspora
  • Celts and Celtic Europe
  • English-speaking world (Anglophone)
  • Baltic Finns
  • Francophonie (see alsoFrançafrique)
  • Arab World, Arab-speaking world, and Arab diaspora
  • Arab World, Arab-speaking world, and Arab diaspora The German language in Europe
  • Germanic-speaking Europe
  • The Hindi Belt (Hindi-Urdu Region)
  • Hispanidad
  • Hispanophone
  • Indigenous peoples of the Americas
  • The German language in Europe
  • The Germanic-speaking Europe
  • The Germanic
  • Celts and Celtic Europe
  • English-speaking world (Anglophone)
  • Baltic Finns
  • Francophonie (see alsoFrançafrique)
  • Arab World, Arab-speaking world, and Arab diaspora
  • Muslim world, Muslim diaspora
  • Muslim world, Muslim world
  • Muslim world, Muslim world diaspora In Europe, the Germanic languages are spoken
  • In Germany, the Germanic languages are spoken
  • In India, the Hindi Belt (Hindi-Urdu Region)
  • In Hispanidad
  • In Hispanophone
  • In indigenous peoples of the Americas
  • In Germany, the Hindi Belt (Hindi-Urdu Region)
  • In Germany, the Germanic languages are spoken in Germany
  • Arab World, Arab-speaking world, and Arab diaspora
  • Celts and Celtic Europe
  • English-speaking world (Anglophone)
  • Baltic Finns
  • Francophonie (see alsoFrançafrique)
  • African Diaspora
  • Arab World, Arab-speaking world, and Arab diaspora German language in Europe
  • Germanic-speaking Europe
  • Hindi Belt (Hindi-Urdu Region)
  • Hispanidad
  • Hispanophone
  • Indigenous peoples of the Americas
  • Germanic-
  • Linguistic regions of mainland Southeast Asia
  • Latin America
  • Sinophone Asia
  • Slavic Europe
  • Russian globe
  • The Anglosphere, the Arab World, the East Asian cultural sphere (Sinosphere), Greater China, Greater India, and the Indosphere, Greater Iran (Greater Persia), and the Greater Middle East Nordic countries (speaking North Germanic languages), the Russian world, and the Lusosphere
  • Buddhism according to nation
  • Christendom (the Christian world)
  • And Islam.

Music

A music area is a cultural region that is defined by the presence or absence of musical activity. It may or may not be at odds with the cultural regions that have been ascribed to a certain location. The globe may be split into three broad music areas, each of which has a “cultivated” or classical musics”that are obviously its most advanced musical forms,” with surrounding folkstyles that interact with the cultivated, and primitive styles on the periphery of each of these huge music areas:

  • They would typically use the natural major scale and minor scale, as well as the Dorian, Lydian, andMixolydian modes
  • They would be based on shared isometric materials, diatonic scales, and polyphony based on parallel thirds, fourths, and fifths
  • And they would be based on shared isometric materials and diatonic scales.
  • North Africa, South West Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Indonesia, and areas of Southern Europe are among the regions affected.
  • With short intervals in scales, melodies, and polyphony that are shared by all
  • Would often utilize the harmonic minorscale and the Phrygianscale
  • American Indian, East Asian, Horn of Africa, Northern Siberian, and Finno-Ugric music are some of the genres represented.
  • It is based on shared big steps in both the pentatonic and tetratonic scales.

The author then goes on to say that “the world-wide evolution of music must have been a cohesive process in which all peoples participated,” and that comparable songs and characteristics may be found in puzzlingly remote or separated regions around the world, which he believes to be the case.

See also

  • Indigenous peoples of the Americas are classified according to their ethnicity. The following is a list of music areas in the United States: Sprachbund, Julian Steward, and others. Regionalism (in politics and society)
  • Bioregionalism
  • The term “culture” refers to the landscape of culture. Deep map
  • Cultural tourism
  • Continent
  • World language
  • Deep map

References

  1. Indigenous peoples of the Americas are classified according to their ethnic origin. In the United States, there is a list of music regions. a group of people who speak a foreign language
  2. Julian Steward Politics of regionalism
  3. Bioregionalism
  4. The term “culture” refers to the study of culture and the environment. Deep map
  5. Cultural tourism
  6. Continent
  7. World language
  8. Deep map

Bibliography

  • Indigenous peoples of the Americas are classified according to their geographical location. The following is a list of music regions in the United States: The Sprachbund
  • Julian Steward
  • And others. (Political) Regionalism
  • Bioregionalism
  • The term “culture” refers to the study of culture and the landscape of culture. Deep map
  • Cultural tourism
  • Continent
  • World language
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External links

At Wikimedia Commons, you can find images and videos connected to Cultural areas.

  • Cultural regions of the globe
  • Major and Minor Cultural Realms of the World (With Maps)
  • Major and Minor Cultural Realms of the World (Without Maps)

What Is A Cultural Region In Human Geography?

The majority of cultures do not confine themselves to the borders of countries or governments.

They go further than that and create distinct places of their own.

  • Smaller cultures are combined to generate larger cultures, which is how macro-cultures are formed. In anthropology, the notion of a cultural area is described as a geographical region that is characterized by a culture that is predominantly uniform. The most prevalent sort of cultural region is the formal one, in which individuals who live in the same area have at least one cultural attribute
  • The informal region is less common.

A culture region (also known as a cultural region) is a phrase that is used in both geography and anthropology to describe a geographical or cultural area. It is also referred to as the cultural sphere, cultural area, or culture area, among other names. The phrase is defined as a single human activity or a collection of human activities that are homogeneous in nature. Distinct ethnolinguistic groups and their respective geographies are connected with different types of activities. The majority of cultures do not confine themselves to the borders of countries or governments.

They each have their own domains of influence, which may overlap with one another or result in the formation of unique macro-cultures, which are established by bringing together lesser cultures.

The Concept Of Cultural Region

There are a variety of approaches that may be used to define cultural regions’ boundaries, and occasionally these limits are established based on specific features of culture that are of importance. A few of these features are religion, folklore, architecture, and a variety of other things. Historically, the notion of a cultural area was introduced in the field of cultural anthropology. An ethnic group is described as a geographical region that has a cultural and social environment that is largely consistent with one another.

Ethnologists from the early nineteenth century were among the first to make reference to the notion.

Some scientists are critical of the notion since it appears to be arbitrary, and there are no clear guidelines that govern the classification of these zones, according to them.

Types Of Cultural Regions

  1. It is possible to define cultural areas in a variety of ways, and occasionally these boundaries are defined in accordance with certain features of culture that are of importance to a particular group of people. Religion, folklore, architecture, and a slew of other topics are covered in depth. Historically, cultural anthropology is credited with coining the term “cultural area.” As defined by the United Nations, it is a geographical region with a largely consistent culture and cultural environment. Although certain things have changed, the definition remains mostly unchanged. It was ethnologists working in the early nineteenth century who were the first to make notice of the idea. More in-depth development of the notion was accomplished by Clark Wissler and Alfred Kroeber, who also included consideration of cultural differences as a component. It is criticized by certain scientists due to the fact that the idea appears arbitrary, and there are no clear guidelines that govern the classification of these locations. Many people, on the other hand, are of the opposite opinion and continue to structure their communities into cultural areas.

What does cultural region mean?

  1. Region with a cultural heritage A cultural area or cultural sphere is a term used in anthropology and geography to refer to the features of culture connected with an ethnolinguistic group and the land that they occupy, respectively. Specific cultures are frequently not restricted to the borders of a nation state or to the minor subdivisions of a state in terms of geographical distribution. It is also possible for cultural “spheres of influence” to overlap or to construct concentric structures of macrocultures that include smaller local cultures. In addition, different borders may be established based on the particular feature of interest, such as religion and folklore versus clothes and architecture versus language
  2. And

Editors Contribution(1.00 / 2 votes)Rate this definition:

  1. Region with a cultural heritage Cultural areas are characterized by cultural characteristics. On December 9, 2020, an anonymous submitter submitted a proposal.

How to pronounce cultural region?

  1. Chaldean Numerology is a system of numbers that was developed by the Chaldeans. In Chaldean Numerology, the numerical value of cultural region is 6
  2. In Pythagorean Numerology, the numerical value of cultural region is 7. When it comes to Pythagorean Numerology, the numerical value of cultural area is 5

Translation

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Word of the Day

The finest illustration of a cultural region is a geographical area characterized by the language spoken by the majority of the population. Formal, vernacular, and functional regions are the three sorts of regions.

What are some cultural regions in the US?

In the United States, there are several cultural regions that are semi-distinct from one another. These include the New England region, the Mid-Atlantic region, the South, the Midwest, the Southwest, and the West —a region that can be further subdivided into the Pacific States and the Mountain States.

What is a culture region for kids?

This is a cultural area. A cultural area or cultural sphere is a term used in anthropology and geography to refer to the features of culture connected with an ethnolinguistic group and the land that they occupy, respectively.

It is possible to comprehend the spirit of a place by studying its sociocultural zones. References to “paan belt” or “cow belt” may not sound politically correct at first, but they contain a great deal of significance.

What is cultural region in AP Human Geography?

Culture areas are divided into three categories. a geographical area defined by cultural traits and cultural landscape characteristics that are comparable. Characteristic of a culture One aspect of common practice in a culture is defined as follows:

What are three types of cultures found in the world?

Local culture, subculture, and popular culture, sometimes known as “pop culture,” are the three sorts of culture that exist. One aspect of local culture would be a group of people who have common ideas, experiences, practices, qualities, and values, as well as a common language.

What is a synonym for cultural region?

a civilized society; a customs-based lifestyle; social mores; a stage of development; the arts; a way of life; achievment in breeding and education, elevation and enlightenment, erudition and gentility; excellent taste and refinement; improvement; polish and politeness; refinement and sophistication; urbanity.

What are the elements of culture?

The aspects of culture are as follows: Material culture, language, aesthetics, education, religion, attitudes and values, and social organization are some of the most important parts of culture to consider.

How do you use culture area in a sentence?

What is the best way to utilize the phrase “cultural area” in a sentence? Cuba’s culture began in 1580, and from there, as well as from the other islands, vast quantities of goods were exported to European countries.

What is the best example of a cultural landscape?

Cultural landscapes include constructed landscapes (for example, formal gardens and parks, such as Golden Gate Park), rural or vernacular landscapes (for example, sheep ranches, dairy ranches), ethnographic landscapes (for example, Mt. Fuji), and natural landscapes (for example, Mt. Fuji).

How do you use the word culture in a sentence?

In a sentence, give an example of cultural references. We have certain cultural variances in terms of how we communicate. Over the course of the weekend, we visited a number of cultural events. A diverse selection of cultural events are available at the facility. The city serves as the state’s cultural epicenter, according to the United Nations.

What is the main areas of culture?

Symbols, language, norms, values, and artifacts are some of the most important components of culture. Language makes it possible to have efficient social interactions and has an impact on how individuals conceptualize concepts and things.

What is culture area in Archaeology?

Specifically, a culture area is a geographical/cultural region whose people and groups share key common recognizable cultural qualities, such as language, tools and material culture, kinship, social organization, and cultural history, with other groups in the region.

What is the difference between culture and cultural?

Culture is a noun, not a verb. ‘Cultural exchange’ refers to any exchange that is related to culture. In this case, cultural is an adjective, and it’s definitely the most appropriate term to use, but I’m not sure there’s much of a difference between the two.

How are cultures different?

The distinctions between persons within a particular nation or culture are far bigger than the differences across groupings.

This is especially true for ethnic groups. Education, social position, religion, personality, belief structure, prior experience, affection provided in the home, and a plethora of other elements will all influence human behavior and culture in one way or another.

Why it is important to understand cultural differences?

Within any particular nation or culture, the differences between people outnumber the differences between groups by a factor of ten or a hundred. Education, social position, religion, personality, belief structure, prior experience, affection provided in the home, and a plethora of other elements will all influence human behavior and culture in one way or the other.

Human Geography- Cultural Regions

Within any particular nation or culture, the differences between people outnumber the differences between groups by a factor of ten. Education, social position, religion, personality, belief structure, prior experience, affection provided in the home, and a slew of other elements will influence human behavior and culture.

Understanding the Meaning of Cultural Region With Examples

The diversity of the world in which we live cannot be assessed just in terms of its physical characteristics. Political boundaries have little effect on cultural areas, which allow us to obtain a deeper knowledge of the globe and its peoples. This ScienceStruck post provides an in-depth explanation of the notion of cultural regions through the use of case studies.

Did You Know?

The notion of a culture area is more closely associated with cultural anthropology than with geography. The technique originated when museum curators began to arrange exhibits according to cultural categorization, which was introduced in the 1970s. The huge world on which we live is populated by a human population that is diverse in every way imaginable. As a result, the globe has been divided into regions with the goal of studying and understanding its diversity. This has made things a little less confusing.

The most fundamental classification of regions is based on political boundaries, which are divided into continents and nations.

Cultural areas are highlighted in this section, allowing us to have a deeper knowledge of the many civilizations, both past and current.

Meaning and Definition of Cultural Region

In the words of Merriam Webster, a culture area is defined as “a contiguous geographic region that includes a number of cultures that share the same or comparable characteristics or that share a dominating cultural orientation. ” As a result, cultural areas are defined as those that share traits such as:

Types of Cultural Regions with Examples

The mapping of cultural areas is dependent on a variety of circumstances, and these regions may or may not be located inside official political jurisdictions. There are three sorts of cultural areas, which are explained here.

FORMAL CULTURAL REGION

An area where one or more cultural features such as language, religion, or occupations are prominent is referred to as a region with total cultural homogeneity, and it is defined as follows: Because cultural overlaps are regarded to be frequent throughout the world, it is difficult to draw a clear border around a region of this size and scope.

These locations, on the other hand, can be classified as ‘zones,’ each of which contains a core region containing all of the distinguishing traits. Examples:

  • Francophone regions around the world are areas with a large number of French-speaking residents who also identify with French culture
  • Latin America is a region spanning Central and South America where Romance languages, particularly Spanish and Portuguese, are spoken
  • And Asia is a region spanning Southeast Asia and the Pacific Rim.
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FUNCTIONAL CULTURAL REGION

Regions with a high concentration of French-speaking residents who also identify with French culture are referred to as Francophone regions; Latin America is a region spanning Central and South America where Romance languages are spoken, particularly Spanish and Portuguese, is referred to as Latin America; and Europe is a region spanning Europe and Asia.

  • School districts, precincts, industrial zones, and national capitals are all examples of localities.

VERNACULAR CULTURAL REGION

Vernacular cultural areas are those that are seen by the people and do not have clearly defined boundaries in the traditional sense. This type of region is typically the consequence of perceived homogeneity in terms of political connections, common history, behavioral features, and so on. For example, the American South, which is noted for its distinct languages, culture, food, and music, is one such example. It should be noted that the states of New Mexico and Arizona, which are located in the geographical south of America, are not often regarded to be a part of this cultural region.

Some believe that cultural zones are a tool for dividing people into discordant groups, and they are right.

Spatial Association of Culture Regions: Definition, Distinctions & Influences – Video & Lesson Transcript

Flora is fascinated by the way in which the environment influences people’s cultural identities. Her curiosity in the similarities between items that are close to each other extends farther than that, though. When two civilizations share a common river, for example, she’s discovered that they’re typically more alike than when two cultures are on different ends of the planet. Although this is true, there is more to it than that. When Flora examines maps of occurrences, she notes that the maps frequently overlap with one another.

  • For example, when Flora examines a map showing locations with heavy rainfall and high temperatures, she sees that the areas with both of these characteristics also have rainforests.
  • Spatial association is defined as the degree to which items are grouped in a comparable manner in space.
  • These three factors (temperature, rainfall, and rainforests) are all linked together: in order to create a rainforest, high temperatures and a lot of rain are required.
  • It is for this reason that it is referred to as spatial association.
  • But what about the arts and culture?
  • If she compared two maps, one depicting societies that consume a lot of fish and the other depicting cultures that live near water, she would observe that they were quite similar.
  • How can Flora identify any additional geographic links between civilizations that are located near water?

Given the fact that hydroelectricity is dependent on water, this comes as no surprise. Rain, temperature, and rainforests, for example, are geographically related because they are interdependent on one another and so spatially associated.

Culture Regions

As we’ve seen, Flora has discovered that individuals from different parts of the world have a culture that is influenced by the region in which they originate. Remember that she has seen that groups of individuals who live in close proximity to one another typically have more in common with one another than they do with people who live on the other side of the world.

Cultural Region Of The World UPSC (Human Geography)

Read on to learn about the Cultural Regions of the World in Human GeographyUPSC, which is a topic covered in this article (Geography Optional).

Cultural Region of the World

  • Culture is a dynamic idea that shifts and shifts without being noticed. Cross-fertilization contributes to the enrichment of culture. (Culture is described as an expression of socio-religious economic conditions, the standard of life, the degree of technology, and people’s perceptions of their surrounding environment.
  • Cultural definitions have been proposed in a number of ways, yet it is difficult to convey the concept of culture in words. It is abstract, but it may be characterized by components such as language, religion, ethnicity, characteristics, the level of life, and, in addition, by rituals, conventions, traditions, and tools
  • Nevertheless, it is not limited to these. There are many various cultures present in India, which may be found in every location, including the north, south, and Himalayan regions, among others
  • The country is a mosaic of cultures.

Let’s have a look at a few terminology that are associated with cultural areas.

Defining cultural regions/realm

  • An area of geographical territory where cultural features are maintained in a homogeneous manner is known as a cultural sphere. The cultural characteristics are thought to be a result of the geographical circumstances of a particular location. As a result, regional geography has evolved to serve as the foundation for the demarcation of cultural zones around the world. Ratzel’s idea of the cultural landscape offered encouragement to geographers who were attempting to regionalize cultures in their own regions. Blache and Spencer were two more geographers who believed that the study of cultural worlds was an essential aspect of the field of Human Geography. The globe has been regionalized into cultural worlds by a variety of scholars, including geographers, historians, anthropologists, and sociologists, among others. Economic organization, social conventions, traditional beliefs, food habits, dress trends, language, and other variables are all factors that influence culture.

When it comes to cultural realms, a geographical region where cultural qualities are maintained as a whole is defined as follows: In theory, cultural characteristics are the result of regional geographic circumstances; nevertheless, this has not been proven. As a result, regional geography has evolved to serve as the foundation for the demarcation of cultural zones around the globe. Cultural regionalization was encouraged by Ratzel’s idea of the cultural landscape, which was popularized by geographers.

The globe has been regionalized into cultural worlds by a variety of scholars, including geographers, historians, anthropologists, and sociologists.

  1. Among the rivers that flow through these regions are the Nile river valley, the Indus river valley, the Wei-Huang river valley, and the Ganga river valley. Mesopotamia, Mesoamerica, and West Africa are all represented.

Core–Cultural hearths were enlarged and transformed into cores. It is an idea that dates back to the Middle Ages. India has three cores-

  1. The Rigveda is found in Punjab
  2. Later Vedic civilization is found in Bihar
  3. Dravidian culture is found in the south (in and around Thanjavur)
  4. And Buddhism is found in India.

Region– It is a contemporary notion that does not take into consideration the geographical continuation of the idea. Geographical boundaries have been used to establish cultural areas, while geopolitical boundaries have also been used to define cultural regions. In terms of cultural impact, realm refers to the widest conceivable region of effect. It is a more comprehensive notion that encompasses overlaps and transitional zones. It is possible for it to be discontinuous. For example, the Islamic world.

Classification of Cultural Regions of World

Region– It is a contemporary idea that does not take into consideration the geographical continuation of a concept or term. Geographical boundaries have been used to establish cultural areas, while geopolitical boundaries have also been used to define cultural boundaries. In terms of cultural influence, realm refers to the biggest conceivable extent of territory. Rather of being limited to a single location, it encompasses overlaps and transitional zones. Discontinuity is possible. Islam, for instance.

BroekWebb’s classification

  • They attempted to establish the dominance of a certain occurrence over the evolution of the cultural landscape
  • Nevertheless, they were unsuccessful. In their research, they discovered that religious ideals had a great influence on the overall cultural structure. The results of a cultural-religious inquiry suggest that the culture of a certain location becomes inefficient when the religious influence is removed from it
  • When it comes to cultural regionalization of the world, they have employed eight variables.
  1. Race, religion, language, economic unionism, folklore, habit or diet, clothing, and religious orthodoxy/scientific beliefs are all factors to consider.

The creation of all of these variables is dependent on environmental conditions or the geographical reality of the locations, according to Broek, who provided instances such as individuals living in polar regions will not wear cotton clothing as an example of this. According to Broekfurther, out of all of these eight components, society has the most influence on religious beliefs. It is religion that pushes people to embrace specific types of economy, clothing, eating habits, and religious beliefs.

When it comes to intercultural mixing, religion is the one that imposes some constraints on the participants.

However, he had split the world into three cultural realms: the main, the meso, and the micro, in order to give proper consideration to all of these aspects.

He classified the globe into four main cultural worlds and two mesocultural realms, according to his classification. The following are the most important cultural spheres:

  1. The Occidental Realm, the Islamic Realm, the Indian Realm, and the East Indian Realm

The Occidental Realm, the Islamic Realm, the Indian Realm, and the East Indian Realm are all represented.

  1. The Occidental Realm
  2. The Islamic Realm
  3. The Indian Realm
  4. The East Indian Realm
  5. And the African Realm

These are further separated into sub-domains called micro realms.

Major cultural realms

The culture of European society is known as Occidental culture. It has been greatly affected by Christian thought and practice. On the basis of different levels of industrialization, political and economic thought, colonization, commercialization, urbanization, and the development of transportation systems, as well as the development of social, political, and economic institutions on the basis of different levels of industrialization, political and economic thought. In many regions of western society, the influence of non-religious forces, notably the impact of modernity, is so profound that religious ideals are pushed to the sidelines as a result of these influences.

The Occidental culture encompasses a large geographical region.

  • Western Europehas the most industrialized and urbanized culture
  • Continental Europeanculture is influenced by various political and economic ideologies, with Christianity still playing a significant role
  • Mediterranean Europeincludes countries located south of the Alps
  • And Eastern Europeincludes countries located north of the Alps. It is the region where Christianity is the dominant religion. In the opinion of many geographers, traditional social systems are the primary reason for the lack of economic development in countries such as Spain, Portugal, and southern Italy when compared to countries in northern and western Europe that have made necessary changes to their social systems
  • The Anglo-American and Australian cultural realms are practically the offspring of western European culture. These two cities are populated by migrants from western Europe. There are just a few geographical variances
  • Latin American culture is quite close to Mediterranean culture in terms of aesthetics and values. It is the only region of western civilization to be found in the tropics, and it is also the most undeveloped of them. As a result of the conversion of tribes to Christianity, it became a component of western civilization over time. Spanish and Portuguese, the colonial languages, have been elevated to the status of official languages. The Spanish and Portuguese architectural styles have had an impact on regional architecture. Practically all nations have economic, cultural, and social relations with the countries of the Mediterranean region
  • And
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Islamic Cultural Realm
  • It is a culturally diverse region characterized by desert and semi-arid environments. The ideals of Islam have had an impact on the culture here. In terms of geographical scope, it extends from Morocco in the west to Pakistan in the east
  • It also includes In part, this is owing to the difficult climate in which the people has been forced to live. The beaches, river basins, and oasis of this region have served as the cradles of Arabian civilization for thousands of years. The Middle East is referred to as such by the British, whereas the Germans refer to it as an area of oriental culture. This cultural sphere is located between traditional Indian culture in the east and sophisticated European culture in the west
  • It is divided into two parts. Female illiteracy rates are high because Islamic culture is strongly conservative and founded on traditional ideas, which has had a negative influence on women’s education. The per capita earnings in these nations are quite high, while the level of modernisation is extremely low
  • When it comes to religion, Israel has a distinct cultural identity. Regions of transitional culture are found throughout the Central Asian Republics. Because of economic unionism, they were a part of East European culture for a long period of time. However, with the advent of Glasnost and Perestroika, they are no longer considered to be part of the same system. They have become more familiar with Islamic culture. Nomadism, food-collectors, wanderers, caravan routes, and other aspects of Islamic culture have traditionally dominated the culture
  • Food and water scarcity are the two most significant issues that have shaped the culture of this region. Islamic teachings instructed Muslims to pray five times in the direction of Mecca
  • These two religious teachings led to the formation of permanent settlements and cultural permanence. Recently, the culture of this region has been impacted by ‘Petro-dollars,’ and as a result, there has been a significant increase in urbanization and industrialization. Immigrants have contributed to the development of a multicultural metropolitan culture, but the social structure has yet to be drastically reformed and modernized
  • As a result, despite their high salaries, they have not yet achieved the status of industrialized nations.
Indian Cultural Realm
  • In this way, the Indian subcontinent’s culture might be described. Paddy culture is another name for this phenomenon
  • Baker referred to it as a subcontinental culture, while D. Stamp referred to it as a monsoonal culture. This cultural realm is clearly defined
  • It lies between the Himalayas in the north, the Indian Ocean in the south, and the Hindukush Mountains in the west
  • It is bordered by the Himalayas in the north, the Indian Ocean in the south, and the Hindukush Mountains in the west
  • It is bordered by the Himalayas in the north, the Indian It is the only location in the world where religion does not play a significant role in cultural development. It is a region that values racial and religious tolerance equally. This region has been enhanced by a number of different streams of people who have settled here permanently and contributed to its culture. In this cultural sphere, the joint family, village community, caste system, semi-feudal land relations, subsistence agriculture, paddy cultivation, seasonal climatic fluctuations, and an agricultural season that occurs at the same time throughout the region are all distinguishing characteristics. The values of the Vedas have had a significant impact on the culture of this region. Despite the fact that the region is inhabited by a diverse range of communities, the social structure bears the subtle influence of Vedic cultural ideals. It contains the highest concentration of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, and other religious minorities, with Christians being the only substantial minority. In this region, there is a high degree of religious mixing, and all religious groups have absorbed the practices of other religious groups.
East Asian Culture
  • This is a Mongoloid-dominated cultural zone. In its fundamentals, this culture is a Buddhist culture with regional adaptations
  • South Korea and Japan are two countries where authentic Buddhist culture may be observed. Despite their geographical separation, both of these nations have seen the effects of industrialisation, urbanization, and modernisation. The Buddhist system has been influenced by the culture of mainland China
  • Following the Second World War, this culture became popular. It has inherited traditions such as horseback riding, pastoralism, and travelling. While in the Chinese plains and on the Japanese islands, though, they built permanent homes for themselves. Even if they practice Buddhism, religion no longer has as much of an influence as geographical location or socio-cultural ideas in the modern world. East Asian culture may be separated into two categories: Chinese culture and Japanese culture (also known as continental culture and marine culture). The influence of socialistic heritage might be found in continental or Chinese culture. Although there have been various revisions, the communal system has remained at the heart of continental culture notwithstanding these reforms. It is a local cooperative system that extends from Mongolia to the island of Hainan. It is also an area characterized by paddy culture. Japanese, Taiwanese, and South Korean maritime cultures are also represented. Comparatively speaking, they have a greater influence on Buddhism than the Chinese side. However, at the same time, they have embraced democratic ideas, social and economic well-being, and have also established an industrial and commercial culture. Japan is frequently referred to as the “Britain of the East.” Its culture is identical to that of the British, with the exception of race and language. Religion, on the other hand, is not relevant in this context.

Minor cultural realms

  • It is another another location characterized by cultural tolerance. The Culture of South-East Asia In a sense, it is a transitory culture, existing at a point where several civilizations have intertwined. A place where people had arrived from all over the world, but because there was no route out to the east, they decided to dwell here. As a result, there is no indigenous culture to speak of. Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam are examples of countries where Buddhism predominates. All races – Mongoloids, Negroids, Caucasoids, Indics, and Islamics – arrived to this place. The effect of Christianity may be recognized in the Philippines, while the influence of Indie culture can be found across the Indonesian islands. Malaysia and the Indonesian islands have a strong Islamic impact, which is visible. There are no similar characteristics in any other location. Bali is a Hindu-dominated island
  • Hindus are the majority population. Singapore is an area characterized by a Pluralistic Society. As the name implies, this place is known as the ‘Museum of Culture’ or the ‘Storagehouse of Culture.’
Meso-African Culture
  • It is the culture of the African tribes that is being discussed. This culture, also known as theNegro culture, is now unable to flourish as a result of the presence of many tribes with varying cultural traditions. There are around 220 isolated cultural pockets in Africa
  • The most of them are animist cultures that rely on nature rather than government, for example, natural habitat on trees. There is a subtle but steady interplay with contemporary ideals. This region, which is primarily comprised of tropical Africa, has beginning to experience an influx of modernisation. Similar cultural systems can be found among American Red Indians, Latin American tribes, Australian aboriginals, and several tribes of the Asia-Pacific region
  • Historian Toynbee has coined the term’marginalized culture’ to describe these traditional culture units that have been marginalized by society. Some geographers even put the Eskimos in this category of cultural groups. As a result, it is a cultural domain that is widely dispersed and defined by marginalized and generally isolated populations.

Criticisms

  • Africa’s tribes have a unique culture to share. It is also referred to as theNegro culture, and it is unable to grow as a result of the presence of many tribes with varying cultural traditions. On the continent of Africa, there are around 220 isolated cultural pockets
  • The majority of these are animist cultures that are reliant on nature rather than government, as seen by natural habitats on trees and other natural features. A modest but steady interaction with contemporary ideals is taking place, It is in this region, which is primarily comprised of tropical Africa, that modernization has begun to pour in large numbers. These traditional cultural units may be found among the American Red Indians, Latin American tribes, Australian aboriginals, and a number of tribes in the Asia-Pacific area. Historian Toynbee refers to these traditional cultural units as’marginalized culture’. Even the Eskimos are included in this cultural area, according to some geographers. As a result, it is a cultural domain that is widely dispersed and defined by marginalized and generally isolated groups of people.

Conclusion

Despite the fact that this classification is a commendable endeavour, globalization is eroding the borders between civilizations, and civilizations are increasingly heading towards a worldwide multidimensional culture.

Cultural Region of India

  • The Buddhist Culture of Ladhaki
  • The Kashmiri Culture
  • The Kinnori Culture
  • Sikkim, Arunanchal (Buddhist), Great Naga Culture, and other ethnic tribal cultures are found in Sikkim and Arunanchal.

What Is a Culture Region?

Photograph courtesy of Olivier Cirendini/Lonely Planet Images/Getty Images A culture area is a portion of territory that shares cultural aspects with other parts of the country. Religion, language, gastronomy, and architecture are just a few examples of what might be included in this category. Every continent, with the exception of Antarctica, is home to a culture area. The size of the territories within cultural areas can vary greatly, ranging from a few square miles to hundreds of thousands of square miles.

  • Throughout history, cultural zones have altered, extended, and contracted, and this will continue to be the case as the globe faces greater ethnic shift.
  • For example, there were cultural borders between the Germanic and the Roman civilizations during the time.
  • Language, religion, or folklore may serve as the foundation for these divisions.
  • There are disparities between Germans who reside in Switzerland and Germans who dwell in Germany, to name a few of examples.
  • There are three different sorts of cultural regions: formal, functional, and vernacular.
  • It is highly likely that people who live in formal cultural areas possess homogenous characteristics that connect them together.
  • City halls, churches, and banks are all examples of organizations that exhibit functional cultural characteristics.

It is the idea of history or cultural belonging that binds people who live in a vernacular cultural region together that brings them together. The American South is a good example of a vernacular culture. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION FROM REFERENCE.COM

Lesson 2: Cultural Regions

What are the world’s primary cultural areas, and where do they lie? In what parts of the world do the major cultural areas of the world have their boundaries? What are some of the distinguishing qualities of the world’s major cultural areas and how do they differ from one another?

Vocabulary

Students will begin by taking notes from the PowerPoint presentation, and they must include the EQs and word definitions as well as any pertinent information. Following that, students will popcorn read the introduction to IR-8 together and debate how a culture has an origin (a cultural hearth) and how cultures expand (a cultural diffusion) (spread). Finally, students will compile notes on the nine cultural zones of the world that they have learned about. IR 8 will be used to set up stations around the classroom where students will read a brief summary of each cultural zone.

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