- 1 Australian Aboriginal cultures – Tourism Australia
- 2 Australian Aboriginal peoples
- 3 Prehistory
- 4 Aboriginal Culture and History – Aboriginal Cultural Capability Toolkit
- 5 Aboriginal Culture
- 6 Aboriginal Culture
- 7 Even me?
- 8 What does this have to do with Indigenous culture?
- 9 Difference and similarity
- 10 How will empathy and understanding make a difference?
- 11 How Australian Traditions Work
- 12 Aboriginal Culture
- 13 AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL CULTURE: TOPICS
- 14 Aboriginal Cultural Heritage
- 15 Council’s Responsibilities
- 16 Aboriginal Australians, facts and information
- 17 Aboriginal origins
- 18 British settlement
- 19 The Stolen Generations
- 20 The struggle continues
- 21 Aboriginal Australian Culture: One of the Oldest Living Cultures
- 22 Aboriginal Archaeological Site: Botany Bay, New South Wales
- 23 Aboriginal Australian Culture: Rock Art
- 24 Passing on Aboriginal culture through ‘The Dreaming’
- 25 Aboriginal culture & tradition
- 26 Dream big
- 27 Centre stage
- 28 Hunters and collectors
- 29 The island life
- 30 Our culture
- 31 Connections to Value and Belief – Supporting Carers (SNAICC)
- 32 ABORIGINAL PEOPLES
- 33 Social Structure
- 34 TORRES STRAIT ISLANDERS
- 35 How can I support the child’s values and beliefs?
- 36 Tips for supporting connection to culture
- 37 Resources
Australian Aboriginal cultures – Tourism Australia
Indigenous Australians have been inhabiting Australia’s enormous areas for tens of thousands of years, and their culture and traditions are deeply ingrained in the country. As the world’s oldest living civilization, they have maintained a distinct identity and spirit that can be found in every area of the country to this day. While the terms ‘Aboriginal’ and ‘Indigenous’ are commonly used to designate Australia’s First Peoples, they have a distinct perspective on the terms. We are one, we are different from one another, and together, we are many, according to Dr Ridgeway.
Torres Strait Islanders are indigenous people who live on the islands of the Torres Strait between the point of Cape York in Queensland and Papua New Guinea.
Due to the fact that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples make up fewer than 4% of Australia’s population, most tourists will not get a chance to contact with the country’s indigenous people on a daily basis.
It is separated into three colors, according to the Aboriginal flag, which was developed by artist Harold Thomas in 1971.
A triangular flag representing the Torres Strait Islands, created by the late Mr Bernard Namok and approved in 1992, features three horizontal panels, with green at the top and bottom (representing land) and blue (representing sea) in the middle.
In the center is a white dhari (traditional headgear of the Torres Strait), which represents purity.
The NAIDOC website provides further information about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flag.
Australian Aboriginal peoples
One of two separate groups of Indigenous peoples in Australia, the other being the Torres Strait Islander people, are known as the Australian Aboriginal peoples (AAP). In this section, you will learn about initiatives to bury the remains of indigenous Australians who were removed from their homelands for research or exhibition in the twenty first century. An overview of the attempts made in the twenty-first century to bury the remains of indigenous Australians who had been removed for scientific research and museum exhibits in the past.
In the common wisdom, Australia is the only continent where the whole Indigenous population has retained a single type of adaptation—hunting and gathering—throughout history.
In light of this discovery, questions have been raised about the traditional viewpoint, which holds that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are perhaps unique in terms of the degree of contrast between the complexity of their social organization and religious life and the relative simplicity of their material technologies.
(SeeResearcher’s Note: Britannica use standards: Aboriginal peoples and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia for a discussion of the names given to Australia’s Indigenous peoples.)
One of two separate groups of Indigenous peoples in Australia, the other being the Torres Strait Islander people, are known as the Australian Aboriginal peoples (also known as AAP). Recognize and understand the efforts made to inter the remains of indigenous Australians who were removed from their homelands for research or exhibition in the twenty-first century. Overview of efforts in the twenty-first century to bury indigenous Australians whose bones had been removed for scientific research and museum exhibits.
(A Britannica Publishing Partner) This page contains a number of videos.
While some researchers believe that Aboriginal peoples practiced agriculture and aquaculture as early as the Stone Age, others believe that there is no evidence to support this claim.
In addition, for a discussion of the names given to the Indigenous peoples of Australia, seeResearcher’s Note: Britannica use standards: Aboriginal peoples and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia for further information.
Aboriginal Culture and History – Aboriginal Cultural Capability Toolkit
A common history of colonization and forcible evacuation of their children may be seen among Aboriginal people. Culture-competence requires us to accept and convey the truth about Australia’s history and its current influence on Aboriginal people, as well as understanding how the past continues to shape life today. Indigenous peoples lived in tiny family groupings that were connected into larger linguistic groups that had different geographical limits prior to colonization by Europeans. Their family networks and social interaction regulations were sophisticated; they had responsibilities in law, education, spiritual growth, and resource management; they spoke a language, performed ceremonies, followed customs, and had a deep understanding of their surroundings.
The impact of European colonization on Aboriginal tribes and customs was disastrous.
Cultural activities were suppressed, and as a result, many were extinguished.
Despite the historical and current consequences of colonization, Aboriginal kinship structures, customs, and traditions continue to exist, and Aboriginal individuals, families, and communities have maintained their strength and resilience.
1 On the violent history of colonialism in Victoria, including massacres, missions, segregation, deaths in detention, and land rights, there is a plethora of literature. The following are some informational resources you might use:
Indigenous and Torres Strait Islander individuals who were taken away from their families and communities as youngsters because of prior government policies are known as the Stolen Generations.’ Children were removed from their homes by governments, churches, and social service organizations and placed in institutions, fostered out, or adopted by white families. The deportation of Aboriginal children began as early as the days of British conquest in Australia, and it continues now. Significant cultural, spiritual, and familial links were severed as a result, and the impact on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s lives and well-being has been long-lasting and intergenerational’2.
The National Apology to The Stolen Generations
On the 13th of February 2008, the Prime Minister of Australia, Kevin Rudd, apologized to the Stolen Generations for the actions of his government. The National Apology to the Stolen Generations was established as a result of a suggestion made by the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal Children from their Families (National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal Children from their Families). It brought to light the hardships endured by Indigenous families as a result of the Commonwealth, state, and territory Aboriginal protection and welfare laws and policies, as well as other policies.
Recommendations 5a and 5b suggested that all Australian parliaments, as well as state and territory police forces, acknowledge responsibility for past laws, policies, and practices of forcible removal, and that they officially apologize to Indigenous individuals, families, and communities on behalf of their predecessors.
There are several Aboriginal cultures and peoples to be found. Aboriginal cultures may be found and thrive in a diverse range of communities all around Australia, including the Northern Territory. It is not all Aboriginal people that you work with that are the same; their culture, what they value and hold dear, how they live and make decisions, and the connections that they have with one another are all different. As with Western and Eastern cultures, Aboriginal cultures include traits in common with one another as well as qualities that distinguish them from one another; thus, it is crucial to avoid making generalizations about Aboriginal cultures.
While there is diversity across and within Aboriginal communities, some Aboriginal cultural characteristics are shared by all Aboriginal cultures.
4 Indigenous Australians, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have occupied the territories for thousands of years with significantly different borders than those that exist today, centered on close cultural links with the land and water.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups were included on the map based on published materials that were accessible between 1988 and 1994 that determined the cultural, linguistic, and trade borders and linkages between groups’, according to the authors.
5Develop a more in-depth understanding of the map.
Aboriginal Cultural Connections
In the minds of Aboriginal people, culture is the basis on which everything else is constructed. In all aspects of life, culture is a foundational element, including connections to family and community, connection to Country and the expression of values through symbols, cultural practices, and both traditional and contemporary forms of cultural expression such as Aboriginal language, ceremonies, cultural events such as storytelling events, dance, music, art, and other forms of visual and performing arts.
Following is a graphic that shows some of the most significant cultural connections:
Aboriginal Kinship Ties
Aboriginal people have a comprehensive perspective of the individuals who make up their communities. The person in Aboriginal culture is understood in terms of his or her relationship to the family, the community, the tribe, the land, and the spiritual creatures of legend and dreaming. Physical, emotional, social, spiritual, and cultural requirements and well-being of a person are inextricably intertwined; they cannot be considered in isolation. The individual is not considered as an independent entity, but rather as a part of and in interaction with others.
- People’s relationships with their whole family—not just their parents and siblings
- People’s relationships with their community—not just their family
- And people’s relationships with the land and spirit beings who define lore and meaning are all important factors to consider. 6
Kinship networks in Aboriginal societies are based on blood, marriage, affiliation, and spiritual importance, with the most important links being those of spiritual significance. There are extra family members to an Aboriginal person’s blood or marital links, such as brothers and sisters, a mother and father, uncles and aunts. The importance of these individuals in their lives is understood by Aboriginal children; they are people who will assist them and on whom they can trust; they are people who are like family to them.
- Aboriginal people express a connection that exists between them, despite the fact that they only see each other infrequently—”it’s like I just saw her yesterday.” The importance of each individual is recognized, and each individual has a role to perform in the community.
- Sharing is a value that is heavily encouraged.
- Money does not take precedence over family and community commitments, which should be prioritized before financial gain.
Respect for Elders
Aboriginal children are educated about their ties and connections to others from a very young age, and they are encouraged to pay respect to their Elders from an early age. Elders have an important role in the leadership of Aboriginal communities. 9 An Elder is a man or woman who has been identified and revered within a community and who has the trust, knowledge, and comprehension of their culture, as well as the authorization to talk about it. They are frequently seen as being able to provide counsel, offer support, and share wisdom with other members of the community in a private manner, particularly with younger members.
Some Elders are addressed as Aunty or Uncle, but you should only address them in this manner if you have been granted permission to do so – just asking is the easiest way to find out if you are permitted to do so or not. 10
Aboriginal Spiritual Relationship with the Land
Traditional Aboriginal people have a strong emotional attachment to their land, which is fundamental to their spiritual identity. Despite the fact that many Aboriginal people no longer reside on their ancestral lands, this connection continues. According to Aboriginal people, the land is nourishing and soothing, and it is essential to their health, their relationships, and the preservation of their culture and identities on the land. For Aboriginal people, their traditional Country and everything that it represents in terms of their history, survival, resilience, cultural and spiritual identity, as well as their cultural and spiritual identity, is a source of great pride.
- Aboriginal people have a distinct perspective on the land.
- The Dreamtime is a period of time in Aboriginal traditions that marks the beginning of existence.
- Traditional dreamtime stories instruct Aboriginal people on such topics as the value of sharing with and caring for people in their society, caring for the earth, and understanding the significance of the land and its creatures.
- For Aboriginal people, their connection to the Dreamtime is still alive and important now, and it will continue to be so in the future as long as they remain in the land.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Flags
For Aboriginal people, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flags are particularly significant symbols of their identity. Flags may be used to express pride, to demonstrate great respect and leadership, and to aid in the healing process. It is important not to overlook the importance of the messages delivered by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flags. The display of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flags by mainstream organizations demonstrates their support for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and those from Torres Strait Islands.
Learning about the history and significance of the flags, as well as how to display the flags respectfully, is an important step in building a culturally safe workplace for Aboriginal employees.
The Aboriginal Flag
In particular, for Aboriginal people, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flags are very important to them. It is possible to express pride, demonstrate tremendous respect and leadership, as well as facilitate healing, by flying flags in public places. Underestimation should be made of the strength of the messages communicated by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flags. The display of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flags by mainstream organizations demonstrates their support for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities.
The Torres Strait Islander Flag
The Torres Strait Islander flag was designed to serve as a symbol of solidarity and identity for the people of the Torres Strait Islands. This structure was created by the late Bernard Namok, who was then a 15-year-old student from Thursday Island. In 1992, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission recognized it as a legitimate cultural practice. In 1995, the flag was designated as a ‘Flag of Australia’ under the Flags Act 1953, in recognition of the flag’s growing significance in Australian culture and society.
The color green denotes the land, the color blue represents the sea, and the color black depicts Native Americans.
The five major island groupings are represented by the star, and the color white signifies the concept of peace.
The term “culture” refers to a people’s way of life – its ideals, values, rituals, and social behavior, to name a few characteristics. Everything from how we conduct weddings and funerals to the food we eat, the way we dress, and the music we listen to all be considered cultural aspects. Cultural practices and beliefs are passed down from one generation to the next, and while certain components of cultural practices and beliefs change and grow with time, many fundamental characteristics of culture stay constant.
These cultural factors have a significant impact on who we are, how we think about the world, and how we interact with other people in our communities.
For some people, the concept of everyone having a culture may seem novel and unfamiliar. This is especially true for those who are considered to be part of mainstream culture. In this scenario, attempting to define your culture may seem difficult at first since it is so natural and usual to us that it is nearly invisible to others. When you consider your own culture in the context of someone else’s, it may sometimes become more apparent.
Example: how your culture’s celebration of holidays, the sorts of food you consume, the attire you wear, and the way you approach life’s major events such as births, funerals, and weddings are similar to or different from another culture’s celebration of these events.
What does this have to do with Indigenous culture?
Having the concept of everyone having a culture may be novel for some individuals. Individuals who are considered to be part of mainstream society are particularly susceptible to this phenomenon. In this scenario, attempting to define your culture may seem difficult at first since it is so natural and usual to us that it is nearly invisible to us. Thinking about your culture in the context of another’s may sometimes help to clarify things. Example: how your culture’s celebration of holidays, the sorts of food you consume, the attire you wear, and the way you handle life’s major events such as births, funerals, and weddings are similar to or different from another culture’s celebrations, etc.
Difference and similarity
Despite the differences between Indigenous and non-Indigenous cultures, land, family, law, ceremonial, and language all play an important part in molding our lives, regardless of our cultural or ancestral origins or ancestry. Identifying how this manifests itself in our own lives might aid in the development of empathy for others. Consider, for example, how your life is impacted by the language you speak, your own family customs, the place where you live, and the way you handle life’s major events, such as weddings or funerals.
How will empathy and understanding make a difference?
Knowing something about another person’s culture might help you connect with them on a more personal level. Therefore, in order for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians to work together for a brighter future, it is critical for all Australians to learn about Indigenous culture while also increasing their awareness of their own. Educating ourselves about Indigenous culture and recognizing, appreciating, and celebrating it in our mainstream society is one approach to begin to solve the issues that we are now facing.
As a country, we can develop our identity and character by recognizing and appreciating the diverse forms of Indigenous culture with respect.
Genuinely attempting to understand Indigenous culture can aid in dispelling misconceptions and myths about Indigenous people that have arisen as a consequence of misunderstandings and which contribute to perpetuate inequality and prejudice against Indigenous people and communities.
Opening ourselves up to respectfully learning about another worldview can help us develop in our awareness of ourselves while also allowing us to be enhanced by another way of looking at the world.
How Australian Traditions Work
Although the term “aboriginal” is sometimes used to refer to any native culture, it’s important to remember that the term “Aboriginal people” should be used to refer to the original inhabitants of Australia who lived there long before the British settlers arrived in 1788, not to any other native culture. (The word “Aborigines” is frequently used in a derogatory manner.) The Europeans, who were hungry for land, came into conflict with the indigenous Australians over land ownership concerns. It was such a source of conflict between the two groups that the Australian government withdrew Aboriginal children from their families in order to “civilize” them in white Australian homes for a period of time between 1901 and 1971.
- Aboriginal culture in Australia is considered to be the oldest culture on the planet.
- Some of the most fundamental beliefs of Aboriginal culture are that the Earth is timeless and that the creatures who created it may still be reached via ceremonies.
- Extremely vital to Aboriginal culture is their understanding of the fact that man, animals, environment, and their Dreaming ancestors are all filled with the same life-giving energy.
- The token contained the wisdom of the Dreaming entities and served as a link between man and them.
- Aspects of Aboriginal music include ceremonial songs that tell the story of their clan’s mythology as well as their religion and way of interpreting the universe.
Aboriginal people also employed ritualized scarring (in which the body was cut to leave lasting scars) to express their social rank, tribal identity, and life events, among other things.
The Aboriginal culture of Australia varies from place to region, and individuals from various locations have a variety of weapons, utensils, tools, basketry, art forms, ceremonial attire, and beliefs in their Ancestral Beings to distinguish themselves from one another. Since the arrival of the Macassan (Indonesian and Malay) people on northern Australian beaches around 1700 AD, and later the arrival of European settlers in 1788, Aboriginal culture has flourished and altered significantly.
AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL CULTURE: TOPICS
The Aboriginal culture of Australia varies from area to region, and individuals from various locations have a variety of weapons, utensils, tools, basketry, art forms, ceremonial attire, and beliefs in their Ancestral Beings to complement their unique languages and cultures. Aborigine culture has evolved and altered significantly since the arrival of the Macassan (Indonesian and Malay) on northern Australian beaches around 1700 AD, and subsequently European invasion in 1788.
Aboriginal Cultural Heritage
Cultural heritage refers to knowledge and legend, customs and people, items and places that are treasured and culturally valuable, as well as those that are tied to one’s own identity and one’s own country. Aboriginal Cultural Heritage defines identity and is a lived spirituality that is essential to the well-being of communities because of the intergenerational connections that exist between them. Tradition has been passed down from the Ancestors to future generations through today’s Traditional Owners, who have enormous and lifetime obligations in the transmission of Aboriginal Cultural Heritage.
We are dedicated to enhancing the knowledge possessed by Aboriginal people throughout Victoria.
In order to understand our Cultural Heritage, we must demonstrate respect for Traditional Owners – by sharing our knowledge and abilities with them as well as by showing our gratitude for our cultural heritage.” The practice of our Culture and customs makes us stronger, and this strength provides chances for all Victorians to appreciate, comprehend, and celebrate the unique Cultural Heritage that we are entrusted with caring for on our behalf.”
People who are proud of their culture are more likely to safeguard it. The development of pride is facilitated by a strong relationship to culture. We will assist Traditional Owners in their efforts to transfer knowledge throughout the country and across generations. The ability to feel linked to one’s culture is crucial for flourishing communities. We will assist Aboriginal people in developing a more in-depth understanding of their culture and identity. The Aboriginal Heritage Act 2006 guarantees that the cultural heritage of Aboriginal peoples is safeguarded.
- Promoting a knowledge of Aboriginal Cultural Heritage
- Registered Aboriginal Parties
- Ancestral Remains
- Secret or holy things
- And Registered Aboriginal Parties.
“The safeguarding of Victoria’s Aboriginal Cultural Heritage is of utmost significance to the Victorian community,” said the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs.
Aboriginal Australians, facts and information
Over 50,000 years have elapsed since Australia’s earliest inhabitants, known as Aboriginal Australians, first settled on the continent. In today’s Australia, there are 250 separate linguistic groups that are distributed throughout the country. Aboriginal Australians are divided into two groups: Aboriginal peoples, who are descended from those who were already living in Australia when Britain began colonizing the island in 1788, and Torres Strait Islander peoples, who are descended from residents of the Torres Strait Islands, a group of islands that are part of modern-day Queensland, Australia.
AllAboriginal Australians are descended from tribes that were indigenous to the country.
According to Australian law, a “Aboriginal Australian” is defined as “a person of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander heritage who identifies as an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander and is acknowledged as such by the community in which he resides.
When a genetic study of 111 Aboriginal Australians was conducted in 2017, the researchers discovered that all modern-day Aboriginal Australians are descended from a common ancestor who was a member of a distinct population that first appeared on the Australian mainland approximately 50,000 years ago. Indigenous Australians believe that crude boats were used to transport them from Asia to Northern Australia. In accordance with current understanding, those early migrants themselves migrated out of Africa around 70,000 years ago, making Aboriginal Australians the world’s oldest community of people living outside of Africa.
111 Aboriginal Australians were studied in 2017, and the results revealed that they are all descended from a common ancestor who belonged to an ancient population that first appeared on the Australian continent around 50,000 years ago. Using rudimentary boats, it is believed that humans made their way to Northern Australia from Asia. In accordance with current understanding, those early migrants themselves migrated out of Africa around 70,000 years ago, making Aboriginal Australians the world’s oldest human community living outside of Africa.
The Stolen Generations
Between 1910 and 1970, as a result of assimilation programs implemented by the Australian government, between 10 and 33 percent of Aboriginal Australian children were forcefully taken from their homes. These “Stolen Generations” were placed in adoptive families and institutions, and they were banned to speak their original languages while in these environments. Their given names were frequently modified. Following the Stolen Generations’ treatment by the Australian government, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd delivered a national apology in 2008.
Only in 1967 did the Australian people decide to ensure that federal laws applied to Aboriginal Australians as well. Before 1965, the majority of Aboriginal Australians did not have full citizenship or voting rights.
The struggle continues
Approximately three percent of Australia’s population is descended from Aboriginal ancestors today. The Aboriginal people of Australia are still fighting for recognition and compensation from the Australian government, despite the fact that their ancient culture has survived for thousands of years. Australia’s state of Victoria is now working on a groundbreaking treaty with its indigenous people that would recognize Aboriginal Australians’ sovereignty and provide compensation. It would be the first of its kind.
Aboriginal Australian Culture: One of the Oldest Living Cultures
Approximately 60,000 years ago, Aboriginal Australian Culture before the European settlers’ arrival in Australia. Aboriginal Australian Culture is one of the world’s oldest cultures. It is possible to find evidence of Indigenous people’s lengthy history at several archaeological sites scattered around the nation. These contain cave paintings and fossils from the sites where Aboriginal people lived and shared their meals, among other things.
Aboriginal Archaeological Site: Botany Bay, New South Wales
A shell midden may be seen on the shores of Botany Bay (where Captain Cook first set foot on Australian soil in 1770). Traditionally, Aboriginal people used middens to store different kinds of shellfish, fish, and other creatures they had harvested. A midden is easily identified by archaeologists because of the mounds of old shells and remains that they locate within it. Throughout the last 3,000 years, the midden in Botany Bay has been colonized several times.
Aboriginal Archaeological Site: Lake Mungo, New South Wales
Walking around the (now dry) Lake Mungo in western New South Wales, you’ll come upon an Aboriginal site of significant archeological significance. There is evidence that it includes materials that date back at least 33,000 years. Lake Mungo dried up and vanished roughly 17,000 years ago, after around 4,000 years of progressive drying up. Archeologists discovered a wide variety of artifacts, including flaking stone tools, which may have been used for woodworking, among other things.
Aboriginal Australian Culture: Rock Art
When you visit an art gallery in a major city such as Sydney, Melbourne, or Auckland, how thrilling is it to be there?! One of the most fascinating things to do is to go back in time and see what artists were doing years ago. Imagine seeing artwork that was created 30,000 years ago! For literally thousands of years, Aboriginal people in Australia painted on the walls of rock shelters and caves with red ochre to commemorate important events. Sacred places because they demonstrate how long Aboriginal people have lived in the area, as seen by the presence of ‘rock art’ paintings and carvings depicting entities from “the Dreaming.” The Dampier Archipelago in Western Australia, which has been designated as a World Heritage Site, is home to one of the world’s biggest collections of rock art, with rock carvings estimated to number in the millions.
In terms of rock art styles, there are three primary categories: – geometric shapes such as circles, arcs, animal footprints, and dots that have been etched.
Silhouettes of human and animal shapes that are simply painted or etched are also available. – intricate paintings depicting the inside parts of both humans and animals
Passing on Aboriginal culture through ‘The Dreaming’
Throughout history, dream tales have passed down essential knowledge, cultural values, and belief systems to subsequent generations. These stories are told in a variety of mediums, including music, dance, art, and storytelling. From ancient times to the present, Aborigines have maintained a connection with the Dreaming, resulting in a very rich cultural history. Likes
Aboriginal culture & tradition
Visit the Northern Territory and become immersed in the tales, artworks, and ancient customs of Aboriginal Australians, who are one of the world’s oldest living communities, during your stay there. In around 65,000 years, the continent’s earliest residents came and over the millennia, have woven a rich tapestry of languages and cultures that differ from place to region. Over 40 different indigenous language groups live in the Northern Territory, ranging from the Arrernte in Central Australia and the Yolngu in Arnhem Land to the Tiwi people of the Tiwi Islands, which are located near the Timor Sea.
Throughout the many linguistic groups, there is a deep spiritual connection to the land, which is a common motif. The Dreamtime stories convey indigenous spiritual ideas, as well as local laws and history, to the listeners. The stories are passed down from generation to generation via art, dance, and music, and they describe the story of the creation of the environment and the people who live there.
Visit one of the indigenous cultural centres in the Northern Territory to have a better understanding of the history, customs, and artworks of the native people. Explore the art galleries that feature unique paintings, meet the artists while they are at work, or take a guided tour to learn how to manufacture local handicrafts like as seed jewelry and basketry.
Hunters and collectors
Visit one of the indigenous cultural centres in the Northern Territory to gain a better understanding of the history, customs, and artworks of the indigenous people of the territory. Explore the art galleries that feature unique paintings, meet the artists while they are at work, or take a guided tour to learn how to produce local handicrafts such as seed jewelry and baskets.
The island life
Travel to the Tiwi Islands, where Australian indigenous culture meets Polynesian traditions, for a sample of culture in Australia’s far northern hemisphere. Spend time with the Tiwi people, who are famed for their bark paintings and wood carvings. Join an organized trip 80 kilometers north of Darwin to learn more about them.
Climate change and other environmental concerns have piqued the interest of Australians in recent years. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have been surviving on this country for more than 60,000 years, and they have developed excellent methods of using and conserving natural resources. One key consideration is the right of some individuals to exercise control over the usage of resources in a certain region. People from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander backgrounds do not consider themselves as ‘owners’ of land or animals or plants, or of nature, but rather as co-creators with these things, as equal members of the cosmos.
- I identify as Aboriginal in all aspects of my being: body, heart, soul, and spirit.
- The belief that we have a particular connection to the earth has been instilled in me since childhood.
- “We do not have ownership of the land.” Cassandra Lawton is a writer and actress.
- Deep cultural and spiritual values, such as totemism, have also played a significant role in the management of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander natural resources.
- Individuals and groups are allocated a certain animal to which they are attached and who they are responsible for caring for.
- Traditionally, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have used a broad variety of means for obtaining food.
Some groups of people would remain in one location, while others would migrate throughout the land in accordance with the seasons, in order to assure a sustainable and abundant food supply, as well as to fulfill their spiritual and cultural responsibilities.
Connections to Value and Belief – Supporting Carers (SNAICC)
Every culture and society has its own set of values and beliefs, which help people to feel a sense of belonging and purpose in their lives. A fundamental component of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s values and beliefs is their vision of the world, which mixes spirituality with materialism and places a strong emphasis on the individual’s relationship to a larger community. Between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, as well as between the two groups, there are significant cultural distinctions.
They are distinct individuals in terms of origin, history, and manner of life, despite the fact that they share some characteristics.
Every culture and society has its own set of values and beliefs that help people feel a sense of belonging and purpose in their lives. The values and beliefs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are founded on a worldview that blends the spiritual with the material and places a strong emphasis on the individual’s connection to the community. Among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups, there are significant cultural variations to be observed. There is a significant amount of variation between mainland Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people, in particular, and this is particularly true.
The land and spirituality
Traditionally, Aboriginal people have had a strong spiritual connection to the land. For an Aboriginal kid, connections include not just interactions with other people, but also relationships with their environment, which includes the land, the animals, the plants, the sky, the waterways, the weather, and the spirits of the land and the animals. “Like a human mother, the land protects and provides for our necessities – economic, social, and religious – while also providing for our delight. “We have a human relationship with the earth,” says the author.
Coombs et al., A Certain Heritage: Programs for and by Aboriginal families in Australia, Centre for Resources and Environment Studies, Australian National University, 1983.
Coombs et al., A Certain Heritage: Programs for and by Aboriginal families in Australia.
Religion and land are the most important influences of Aboriginal culture, traditions, practices, and beliefs, as well as their development.
It is the Aboriginal Dreamtime that provides explanations for the origins of the country and its people, and it is a significant aspect of Aboriginal culture. It is a religious and cultural practice unique to Aboriginal people. The Dreamtime is divided into several sections: it contains the narrative of things that have happened, the origins of the world, the creation of mankind, and the way the creator intended humans to behave within the cosmos. The Dreamtime stories of the many various Aboriginal cultures are diverse, yet they all teach principles of daily living that are applicable to all of them.
Children’s learning is presented via the use of Dreamtime tales.
Aborigines learn through their dreamtime stories the necessity of sharing and caring for individuals in their own community, as well as the need of protecting and nurturing the environment, as well as the significance of the land and the creatures that live on it.
The Dreamtime should be honored with the same reverence as is shown to all religions, beliefs, and moral principles, including those of the West.
Aboriginal people have a complicated structure of family relationships that is unique to them. Extended family connections are at the center of the Aboriginal kinship system, and they are essential to everyday living, as well as to the transmission of culture and the organization of society. In the context of the kinship system, people’s roles, how they connect to others, and their responsibilities and obligations in respect to one another, ceremonial business, and the land are all determined.
Elders or grandparents are frequently the ones who have comprehensive knowledge of the kinship system, as well as the laws and norms that regulate it.
Skin groups are the segmentation of societies/communities into categories that have been named. Within each linguistic group, there are a variety of different skin groups. Traditional Aboriginal people are given a skin name when they are born. Skin groups are responsible for regulating social behavior, interactions, and relationships. They decide who an individual may and cannot communicate with, marry, or trade with, as well as who their natural adversaries are, among other things.
When civilizations or groups are divided into designated groupings, the term “Skin group” is used. Within linguistic groupings, there are a variety of different skin groups. Native Americans have a skin name assigned to them at birth in the traditional way. Social behavior, interactions, and connections are governed by the skin groups that exist within a population. They decide who individuals may and cannot communicate with, marry, or trade with, and they also establish who individuals’ natural enemies are and who they are not.
A clan is often made up of two or more family groupings that live together on a piece of land over which they each have ownership rights. It is customary for clan borders to be passed down from generation to generation, usually through the father.
In non-human animals or phenomena, totems are symbols that stand in for or symbolize a group of people. Totems bind people together because of their physical and kin-related nature. Totems are still essential in Aboriginal culture today, and they are still utilized as a means of connecting with and sustaining links with the land, the Dreamtime, and their ancestors, among other things. A totem animal is presented to a kid at the moment of birth, or immediately before the birth (s). Totems serve to identify people’s interactions with one another as well as to provide them certain privileges and functions within the linguistic group.
For example, a goanna may cross the path of a pregnant woman when she is pregnant.
During birth rituals, a variety of other totems are presented.
The totems of Aboriginal people are given unique obligations, and they are responsible for ensuring their existence by guarding them in a variety of ways.
Culturally, Aboriginal people place a strong focus on the significance of social bonds and extended family members. Traditionally, individuals are seen as belonging to their respective families, clans, and ancestral lands. When Aboriginal people meet for the first time, they frequently question each other “where are you from?” or “who is your mob?” This is frequently proven. As a result of the focus placed on social connection and relationships, the idea that each individual is valuable and has a role to play within the society is promoted, as is the concept of mutual duty, which is also promoted.
- Beginning at an early age, children learn and are encouraged to develop a feeling of mutual obligation and responsibility.
- The act of sharing is likewise highly appreciated and encouraged.
- Responsibility for social and caring obligations, such as child raising, has traditionally been dispersed across the extended family’s wide kinship network.
- It also serves as a great source of education, passing on traditions, wisdom, and affection from generation to generation.
People from the indigenous people of Australia have been hailed as “the world’s first astronomers.” Native American people’s knowledge of the land, oceans, and skies is passed down through the generations through Dreamtime storytelling. Ancestral spirits have left symbols all throughout the world to assist us through our lives, according to dream interpretations. It is only through knowing these symbols that one may have a thorough knowledge both of the universe and of what it means to live. Tides, eclipses, the rising and setting of the sun and moon, as well as the shifting locations of rising stars and planets throughout the year, are all explained in dream tales as well.
Aboriginal Astronomy is a subset of astronomy.
A number of them are discussed in further depth in the additional material available through the links provided below.
Emu in the sky
The Emu in the sky is a constellation in the night sky that is utilized in Aboriginal Astronomy. This constellation is distinguished by its black and opaque clouds of dust and gas, which are seen against the background of the Milky Way rather than against the stars themselves. Astronomers refer to these black clouds as the Coalsack, and they are the site of the formation of new stars. The Coalsack is the emu’s highest ranking official. You should be able to see its long, black neck, round body, and ultimately its legs if you stretch your arm out to the left of it.
Many other language groups have their own interpretations of the Emu’s celestial fate, as well as a vast and diverse assortment of stories concerning Mallee fowl, parrots, fish, stingrays, hunters, men, women, girls, and boys from all across Australia and beyond.
The Sun and the Moon
Many Aboriginal communities see the Moon as masculine and the Sun as female, despite the fact that they are both planets. There are many different traditional legends about the Moon and the Sun to choose from. Among the many stories told by the Yolngu people of Arnem Land is the one about Walu, the sun woman, who each morning starts a little fire that we see as dawn and warms the land. A red ochre paint is used to paint herself, and part of the paint drips into the clouds, resulting in the dawn.
- After reaching the western horizon, she extinguishes her torch and begins the trek underground back to the morning camp, which is located in the eastern horizon.
- Ngalindi was originally youthful and slender, which made him the waxing Moon.
- His women assaulted him with their axes, causing the fading Moon to rise over the horizon.
- In just three days, he arose from the dead and began to slowly restore his health, providing us with the waxing Moon.
TORRES STRAIT ISLANDERS
Torres Strait Islander people are of Melanesian descent and are members of the Pacific Islander group of kinship-based societies. They are one of Australia’s Indigenous communities and are descended from the Melanesian people. The Papuan effect on their traditional way of life during the pre-contact period had a significant impact on commerce, social structure, and language during this time period. The culture of the Torres Strait Islands lays a strong focus on the connections between the land, the water, and ancient custom and law.
In hierarchical social, political, and economic organizations, custom and law play a crucial role in deciding the outcome of the situation.
In the community, island chiefs have always been and will continue to be the most important leaders, despite the impact of missionaries, because many of the church’s top officials are also island chiefs.
The Dreamtime stories can also be used to illustrate the differences in culture between the two peoples of the world.
How can I support the child’s values and beliefs?
Children from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families who are placed in out-of-home care and separated from their (family’s) culture and spirituality are at a high risk of experiencing psychological, physical, developmental, and educational difficulties.
They suffer as children and later as adults as a result of the pain and loneliness that comes with feeling like they do not belong. In addition, they are being denied their rights as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, as well.
How can you as a carer be more culturally aware?
- Recall that youngsters are content when they have a strong sense of belonging to their culture. Accept cultural variety
- Recognize and value cultural differences
- Be conscious of your own cultural background, worldview, and preconceived notions
- Recognize the ways in which culture impacts teaching and learning
- You should be aware that learning is a two-way street. Find the point where two cultures meet and seek for points of commonality.
Tips for supporting connection to culture
- Becoming aware of the ways in which culture affects teaching and learning Recognize that learning is a two-way street, and that Find the point at which two cultures meet and seek for connections therebetween.
- Recognize the ways in which culture affects teaching and learning
- Recognize that learning is a two-way street
- Find the point at which two civilizations meet and seek for connections
Find out more about respecting and valuing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and culture.
Take a look at the Resources
Download the file by clicking on the link below.
Raising them strong, Family and Community services NSW
Link to the Download