What Initially Motivated The Exportation Of US Popular Culture

Ch 7-8 Flashcards

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Ch. 7 – Subjecto.com

Which of the following is true about people’sresponses to popular culture? PEOPLE ARE OFTEN UNAWARE OF THE COMPLEX NATURE OFPOPULAR CULTURE
Those systems or artifacts that most people shareand that most people know about are known as_. POPULAR CULTURE
What initially motivated the exportation of USPopular culture? THE DECISION TO USE IT TO ADVERTISE U.S PRODUCTS
In the study of white and black job applicants, howdid interviewers who were influenced by negative stereotypes of Blacks differin in their behavior? THEIR SPEECH DETERIORATED
_ produces products of popular culture (e.g.,movies, cartoons, Hello Kitty) as commodities that can be economicallyprofitable. THE CULTURE INDUSTRY
Intercultural communication scholars are interestedin popular culture because MOST PEOPLE RELY ON POPULAR CULTURE FOR INFORMATIONABOUT OTHERS
Details concerning the average age, sex, and incomeof a magazine’s readership is known as a/an _. READER PROFILE
Which statement is not true about popular cultureand information about cultures? PEOPLE TEND TO THINK POPULAR CULTURE PRESENTS TRUEINFORMATION ABOUT THEIR OWN CULTURE
Which statement is true about popular culture andstereotypes? POPULAR CULTURE REINFORCES EXISTING STEREOTYPES
African American female characters who often appearas scenery in the background of television shows serve to perpetuate STEREOTYPES
Which of the following is true about how peopleresist cultural texts? REFUSAL TO PARTICIPATE IN POPULAR CULTURE IS ONEFORM OF SHOWING RESISITANCE
which of the following is true about the NavajoG.I. Joe doll?
Who tends to be most influenced by popular cultureportrayals of another cultural group? PEOPLE WHO HAVE LIMITED EXPERIENCE WITH THE OTHERGROUP
The impact that U.S. and Western media have had onthe rest of the world is known as _. MEDIA IMPERIALISM
_has been RE-conceptualized as popular culture LOW CULTURE
The fact that we are bombarded with popular cultureevery day and everywhere illustrates that it is _, a characteristic ofpopular culture. UBIQUITOUS
Which of the following is not true about theconsumption of popular culture? UNPREDICTABILITY IN ADVERTISING HAS BEEN REMOVEDTHROUGH CONSUMER PROFILING
which of the following is not true about resistingpopular culture? CULTURAL POLITICS ARE RARELY A FACTOR
The power relations of using media to market U.S.goods through movies on foreign screens are referred to as _. CULTURAL IMPERIALSIM
Portrayals of readership that give the average age,gender and household incomes are known as_. READER PROFILES
Domination or exploitation of other culturesutilizing technology is known as _. ELECTRONIC COLONIALISM
There is a great deal of research on why U.S.television programs are so successful in other cultures. FALSE
People resist the use of popular culture as a forumfor dealing with social issues. FALSE
Cultural groups are generally depicted accuratelyin popular culture. FALSE
The U.S film industry makes more money on theirfilms outside the U.S. than they do inside. TRUE
Generally a large number of people have to beinterested in something for it to be considered popular culture. FALSE
White American are so often portrayed in popularculture that it is difficult to stereotype them. TRUE
When non-American watch television shows forentertainment (such as CSI or Desperate Housewives), they don’t consider thestory a reflection of American reality. FALSE
Most language teachers encourage the use of popularculture to improve language skills because it teaches slang and inappropriatespeech varieties. TRUE
American television programs that cross culturaland linguistic frontiers are successful because they appeal to basic humanvalues. FALSE
Television is less a reflection of reality than aforum for discussing and working out ideas on a variety of topics. TRUE

Pop Culture – Intercultural Communication for the Community College

Readers should be able to do the following by the conclusion of this chapter:

  • Provide a description and definition of popular culture. Provide examples of and explanations for the numerous ways we absorb popular culture. Describe the distinctions between folk, low, and high cultures
  • And Understand and investigate the processes by which popular culture is generated
  • Recognize and investigate the ways in which popular culture has an impact on culture. Explanation of the various methods of resisting mainstream culture

popular culture

To what extent do you believe popular culture has a role in your daily life? You’re continuously listening to the most recent music, right? Enjoying the most current episode of anything on Amazon Prime or Netflix is something you may be interested in. Alternatively, do you subscribe to social influencers on YouTube? Take a look around your home. Is your purchasing behavior impacted by the Disney Corporation, Game of Thrones, World of Warcraft, or Peppa the Pig, among other things? Movies, music, television, video games, sports, entertainment news, fashion, and other types of technology are the most frequent forms of popular culture, followed by books and magazines.

  1. However, even if the very idea of popular culture causes you to sigh and roll your eyes, the majority of us—regardless of where we live or what country we belong to—have been influenced by the economic and social impact of popular culture.
  2. However, following World War II, technological advances in radio and television transmission, as well as the proliferation of mass media outlets, led to substantial cultural and social shifts among the lower classes and those with limited educational opportunities.
  3. Popular culture is continually changing and evolving, and it is distinct to the period and location in which it is experienced.
  4. Social scientists have hypothesized that popular culture serves as a control mechanism used by elites to maintain power over those under them in society; yet, others have argued that popular culture may also be utilized as a way of revolt against the prevailing cultural system.
  5. High culture, on the other hand, is not designed to be consumed by a large number of people.
  6. Consumers may require further training or knowledge in order to fully grasp the advantages of high culture.
  7. Because of these constraints, high culture is frequently restricted to social or economic elites and does not frequently cross over into the domain of the general public.
  8. If popular culture is for the public and high culture is for the elites, folk culture is a sort of culture that is exclusive to a particular region.

It is said on Wikipedia that “folk culture is rather frequently infused with a feeling of place.” As a result, even if components of folk culture are replicated by or relocated to a foreign site, they will retain strong associations with the location where they were first developed” (7/21/19).

However, once folk cultural icons have been so internationalized that they have lost their original sense of place, they are no longer considered to be part of folk culture and are instead considered to be part of popular culture.

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Originally designed in 1975, the Kwakwaka’wakw tribal mask image was taken from an art book and used as the inspiration for the logo (ret.

Despite the fact that most Seahawk fans are familiar with the National Football League logo, they are likely to be unaware that “sea hawk” is actually the nickname for an osprey, and that the original sea hawk mask used as inspiration for the team emblem was a “transformational” mask with a specific religious significance (ret.

  • So what is the point of include a chapter on popular culture in a book on intercultural communication?
  • If we look at it from the standpoint of intercultural communication, popular culture is frequently our first introduction to different cultures.
  • Martin Nakayama believes that “popular culture serves as a prism through which other cultural groups may be viewed” (2011, p.
  • We know from research that people engage with popular culture in order to learn about other cultures, to reaffirm their own cultural identities, and to reinforce stereotypical ideas about other cultures.
  • Take a peek around if you’re interested in how popular culture influences your daily life.
  • How many of your buddies are in possession of one?
  • Buying items because you enjoy them or because they are popular is what you should be thinking about.

DC Comics film AQUAMAN, released in 2019, earned more than $1 billion dollars worldwide, making it the most successful DC Comics film to date.

“Despite the fact that it was tacky and poorly constructed, we sat and watched the entire thing.” Why?

As reported by CNBC.com (ret.

142-144), there are a variety of methods in which we might become more educated consumers of mass culture.

Second, we must recognize that we have a choice in terms of what media we consume and what media we do not consume.

In his bookCultural Jam(2000), Kalle Lasn established the concept of cultural jamming, which he defines as a sort of public activity that encourages us to become better interpreters of media rather than merely consumers of media.

Globalization and Popular Culture

The economic prosperity of the United States at the beginning of the twentieth century resulted in the development of a cultural industry. When Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer (1944; 1993) coined the phrase “culture industry,” they meant that it included the process by which people develop, produce, and distribute goods and services of a cultural kind that are often protected by intellectual property rights. The globalizing powers of trade, international business, media, communication technology, as well as the arts and languages, are responsible for the emergence of popular culture in the United States.

Procter & Gamble, Colgate-Palmolive, and Lever Brothers, all major manufacturers of soap and cleaning products in the United States, were among the major sponsors of such programming, leading to the coining of the term “soap opera” to refer to daytime dramas that went on to become popular exports in their own right.

  1. In 1987, American films accounted for 56 percent of the European film industry.
  2. Over the last few years, the market share in Western Europe has varied between 60 and 75 percent (Hopewell, 2013).
  3. In addition to being concerned about the economic impact on their own domestic entertainment industry, foreign countries are also concerned about the impact on their own cultural heritage (Levin Institute, 2017).
  4. It is possible to define cultural imperialism in a variety of ways, but for the sake of this article, we shall refer to it as dominance through cultural goods.
  5. When culture is turned into a commercial commodity, there is a growing concern about cultural uniformity.
  6. As a dominating, multinational culture becomes the norm, it is possible that localized cultural diversity may be threatened.

202), “There is no easy way to measure the impact of popular culture, but we must be sensitive to its influences on intercultural communication because, for so many of us, the world exists through popular culture.” “Popular culture has a significant impact on intercultural communication,” he adds.

  1. Not all popular culture originates in the United States of America.
  2. In terms of popular culture, it’s fascinating to note that some forms, such as slang phrases, are exclusive to specific cultures, whilst other forms, such as music, may be enjoyed by people all over the world.
  3. CNN currently reaches more than 200 million households in more than 212 countries and territories worldwide, according to the company.
  4. Mark Banks, a culture and communication scholar from the United Kingdom, argues that power is always at the center of the pop culture conversation.

His work focuses on how pop culture, economics, and politics meet via the usage, social critique, and exploitation of cultural output, as well as the intersection of these three elements.

Consuming and Resisting Pop Culture

A cultural industry arose in response to economic prosperity experienced by the United States at the start of this century. When Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer (1944; 1993) coined the phrase “culture industry,” they meant that it included the process by which people develop, produce, and distribute goods and services of a cultural character, which are often protected by intellectual property rights. Among the driving causes behind the emergence of US pop culture are globalizing forces in the fields of trade and international business, media and technology, as well as the arts and languages.

Procter & Gamble, Colgate-Palmolive, and Lever Brothers, all major manufacturers of soap and cleaning products in the United States, were among the major sponsors of such programming, leading to the coining of the term “soap opera” to refer to daytime dramas that went on to become popular exports in their own right as well.

  1. US films accounted for 56 percent of the European film market in 1987.
  2. Over the last few years, the market share in Western Europe has varied between 60 and 75%.
  3. Concerns are frequently expressed in such a lopsided import/export market.
  4. It is cultural imperialism, rather than a surplus of commodities, that is driving the proliferation of US media in many parts of the world.
  5. Empire is defined as “the establishment and maintenance of unequal power relationships between civilizations in favor of a more powerful civilisation” (Wikipedia, 7/25/19), with the more powerful civilization being favored.
  6. It is natural to be concerned about the uniformity of civilizations when culture becomes a commercial product.
  7. In the face of a dominating, multinational culture becoming the norm, localized cultural variety may be threatened.

202), “There is no easy way to measure the impact of popular culture, but we must be sensitive to its influences on intercultural communication because, for so many of us, the world exists through popular culture.” “Popular culture has a significant impact on intercultural communication,” he continues.

There is a lot of popular culture that does not originate in the United States.

Observe that certain types of popular culture, such as slang terms, can only be found in specific cultures, however other elements of popular culture are found all over the world, such as music, which is fascinating to observe.

CNN currently reaches more than 200 million households in more than 212 countries and territories worldwide, according to Nielsen.

In his studies on culture and communication, Mark Banks argues that power has always been a central theme in popular cultural discussions. Using cultural work as a vehicle for social critique and exploitation, he investigates the intersections of pop culture, economics, and politics.

Wrapping it up…

3.5 billion Google searches are conducted every day, according to Internet Live Stats (last updated on 2/27/18). Some experts have suggested that this use reflects the intensity with which US culture has infiltrated the world as a result of the country’s constant reliance on it. Popular culture, whether you accept it or reject it, performs critical cultural tasks in our society. All of these tasks are intertwined with our cultural identities, or our perception of ourselves in the context of the cultures to which we belong.

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(n.d.). Adorno, T., and Horkenheimer, M. (2001) retrieved from (1993). Home. Campbell, J., retrieved fromCampbell, J. (2017, April 16). This is the home page. It was retrieved from (n.d.). Dictionary.com. K. Hein’s website was used to obtain this information (n.d.). Eugene, Oregon is a city in Oregon (n.d.). Internet Real-Time Statistics — Internet Utilization Statistics from social media. K. Lasn’s website was used to obtain this information (2000). How to halt America’s suicidal shopping frenzy, and why we must, according to Culture Jam.

  1. The LEVIN Institute is located in New York, New York (n.d.).
  2. It was retrieved from (2019, August 19).
  3. Obtainable from Martin, J.
  4. K., et al (2011).
  5. McGraw-Hill Higher Education, New York, New York.
  6. Smith and M.
  7. Usage of social media in 2018: Demographics and Statistics K.
  8. (2013).
  9. Statistica.
  10. So, what exactly is a Seahawk?
  11. The success of ‘Aquaman’ has pushed the film above the billion-dollar threshold owing to foreign ticket sales.

Intercultural Communication

Intercultural Communication is a term that refers to the communication between people from different cultures. For the following statements/questions, choose True or False from the drop-down menu: One of the most challenging aspects of living in a multicultural environment is the possibility of not understanding how to build an adequate sense of ethics in one’s life. Discrimination on the basis of race or ethnicity, as well as concerns of class, can lead to conflict between new immigrants and individuals from the same country who have lived in the host country for a long period of time.

  • When it comes to T or F television, it is less about reflecting reality and more about serving as a venue for debating and working out ideas on a range of themes.
  • T or F, that is the question.
  • Direct expression of sentiments, confrontation, and verbal aggressiveness are discouraged in the Buddhist, Taoist, and Confucian traditions, among other traditions.
  • T or FForming alliances may be a stressful and emotional experience.
  • When it comes to intercultural communication ability, linguistic expertise is the most crucial component.

The nonverbal conduct of Stanley has been utilized to Influence verbal behavior in the following ways:a. to opposeb. to substitute for

In comparison to many individuals in the United States, people in cultures stand closer together when chatting, make more direct eye contact, and speak with a stronger voice. a. get in touch with us b. East Asian The “bubble” that surrounds us and denotes the boundary between ourselves and others is referred to as .

  1. In the case of a regulator: an emblemb. an adaptorc. personal space

An insignia, an adaptorc, a personal space, a regulator, etc.

  1. An emblem, an adaptorc, a personal space, a regulator

When there is a perceived or genuine incompatibility between the aims, values, expectations, or procedures of two or more independent parties, this is referred to as . Irwin is confused about how to deal with a disagreement he is having with his girlfriend Wenshu. She prefers to spend their holiday time with relatives, whilst he prefers to travel to a new location that they have never visited before. They haven’t gotten into a fight, but Irwin is perplexed as to how to reconcile their divergent objectives.

  1. When people become conscious that their sentiments and emotions are incompatible with one another, they are most likely experiencing a state of conflict.
  2. In fact, his parents are quite skeptical of his decision since they believe that living together before marriage is a morally undesirable practice.
  3. People frequently find themselves in a scenario when they have divergent opinions regarding the best course of action to take.
  4. Ben wants to put more money into riskier businesses, whilst Jenny prefers to put her money into more stable investments such as certificates of deposit or savings bonds.
  5. In conflict, persons are involved when they disagree over a desired objective or end state.
  6. Everything is well with Kristen, and she doesn’t mind the occasional sweater on the sofa or in the middle of the night.
  7. Lisa and Kristen are going through something called .
  8. The ability to understand how one is viewed as a communicator, as well as one’s own communication strengths and flaws, is referred to as .
  9. If Jurgen, from Germany, is interacting with his buddy Koji, from Japan, and accidently offends Koji, who never informs him, what way may Jurgen have taken to connect with Koji might be considered.

Empathy is defined as in the context of intercultural communication. It is because of this that linguistic expertise leads to greater intercultural competency. Intercultural competency is comprised of which of the following dimensions, in order of importance?

When there is a perceived or genuine mismatch between the aims, values, expectations, or procedures of two or more independent parties, it is referred to be a After a disagreement with his girlfriend Wenshu, Irwin is unclear of how to proceed. His preference is for them to spend their holiday with relatives, while hers is to travel to a destination they have never been before. Irwin is perplexed as to how to reconcile their divergent objectives despite the fact that they haven’t fought. It is becoming clear to Irwin that there is a significant amount of in intercultural confrontations.

  1. Philip has made the decision to live with his fiancée in the near future.
  2. Philip’s relationship with his parents is fraught with disagreement.
  3. When it comes to long-term financial stability, Ben and his wife Jenny are at odds about the types of investments they should make.
  4. is something that Ben and Jenny are When individuals disagree over a chosen goal or end state, they are said to be engaged in conflict .
  5. Everything is OK with Kristen, and she doesn’t mind the occasional sweater on the couch or in the middle of the floor.
  6. She enjoys a more organized atmosphere, in which everything has a place and is in that place.
  7. In what ways can linguistic expertise contribute to one’s ability to communicate across cultures?
  8. Suppose Jurgen, a German, is conversing with his Japanese buddy Koji and mistakenly offends Koji, who never informs Jurgen of his mistake.
  9. I’d want to thank you for your time today.
  10. I’m sorry, but I don’t think you understand what I’m saying.

Empathy is defined as in a multicultural environment. Because _, having more language expertise leads to greater intercultural competency. Intercultural competency is defined by which of the following dimensions is the most significant?

  1. Jewish people from Germany who were imprisoned in concentration camps in Germany during World War II

According to the W–curve hypothesis, _.Which of the following statements is correct about culture shock? a. Every sojourner will suffer culture shock at some point in their journey. b. There are no advantages to being exposed to a different culture. It is possible to experience an identity crisis as a result of culture shock. In comparison to younger people, older folks may have a less severe culture shock. What are the two most important features that identify various migrant groups in general?

  1. The uncertainty might be voluntary or imposed
  2. Long-term and short-term uncertainty are both possible. b. Uncertainty in the predictions and explanations Uncertainty on a psychological and functional level

Uncertainty can be chosen or imposed; it can be long-term or short-term. c. Uncertainty in prediction and explanation the uncertainty of one’s mental and functional state;

  1. Uncertainty can be voluntary or forced
  2. It can be long-term or short-term. c. Uncertainty in the predictions and explanations. Uncertainty on psychological and functional levels
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The term refers to people who temporarily relocate to a different cultural milieu for a specific reason and for a limited length of time. Regarding people’s reactions to popular culture, which of the following statements is correct? a. In general, people can’t seem to get enough popular culture. b. The majority of individuals believe that the study of popular culture is important and deserves serious consideration.

  1. People are frequently uninformed about the intricate nature of popular culture. d. Much of the popular culture of the United States is imported from other nations

Those systems or artifacts that the majority of people use and are generally aware of are referred to as systems or artifacts. What was the initial impetus for the exporting of popular culture from the United States? new knowledge and technological advancements a desire to share fresh information and technical improvements The requests came in from nations where there was a scarcity of good entertainment. A requirement to assist persons from diverse cultures in comprehending the advantages of democracy.

  1. The choice to utilize it to promote things made in the United States

It is a company that manufactures goods out of popular culture (e.g., movies, cartoons, Hello Kitty) in order to make a profit. What was the difference in conduct between interviewers who were affected by negative preconceptions of Blacks and interviewers who were not influenced by negative stereotypes of Blacks in a study of White and Black job applicants? A number of applicants were given additional time throughout the interview process. b. They exhibited greater urgency in their actions.

  1. Their ability to communicate has weakened. They were more extroverted than others.

There was a decline in their ability to communicate. They had a more outspoken personality than before.

  1. The domination of popular cultural forms from the United States around the world

A/an is a term that refers to information on the average age, gender, and income of a magazine’s audience. Which of the following statements regarding the advantages of multicultural partnerships is NOT correct?

  1. They can aid in the dismantling of prejudices, and they may even teach us something about history. c. They do not survive as long as partnerships between people from the same culture. d. They may assist us in learning new talents

Talal, a Middle Eastern student, finds himself attracted to Guo Hongwu, a Chinese student in his economics class, despite the fact that they are from different countries. His interactions with them have revealed that, despite their various cultural origins, they share much of the same beliefs and experiences when it comes to living and working in the United States. The connection between Talal and Hongwu exemplifies the reason for the creation of relationships. The connection is what we are aiming for when we seek out persons who have distinct personality qualities from ourselves.

Sincerity and uniqueness are more essential than harmony and collectivism, according to a recent study.

c. Physical attraction and passion are not as significant as having comparable origins and being compatible with one another. d. d. When it comes to personal relationships, it is critical to be honest and transparent about your feelings.

What Initially Motivated The Exportation Of U.s. Popular Culture?

Entrepreneurcontributors express their own opinions, which are not necessarily those of Entrepreneur. Entrepreneur United States is an international franchise of Entrepreneur Media, and you are currently reading it. Recently, prominent corporations – ranging from the most glamorous digital startups to centuries-old heritage banks – have received negative press coverage as a result of unreasonable expectations and growth-at-all-costs conduct. Getty Images | Thomas Barwick | Thomas Barwick A former Uber employee’s viral blog post detailed how the company prioritized “high performers” over creating a safe environment for female employees.

  • Amazon, another company that has been in the headlines recently despite its reluctance to do so, is said to have tolerated workaholic behavior in order to achieve its goals.
  • What transpired is as follows: These businesses exhibit company cultures that appear to be only concerned with outcomes, which might have unforeseen repercussions.
  • The pursuit of creative accomplishments causes them to overlook core cultural practices that will help every organization, regardless of whether it has been operational for 30 months or 30 years or what metrics it is seeking to achieve.
  • So, what can be done to prevent creating cultures where growth at all costs is the only goal, which continues to be a problem for many organizations?

How leadership can improve.

Many leaders rose through the ranks because they were effective doers – they achieved the results they desired through dedication and perseverance. These leaders frequently fail to see that when they take on a new job as manager of a team, their purpose within the organization alters along with it. It is their primary role to have an impact on the work of others, rather than to perform the actual task themselves. When inexperienced or inadequate leaders act as micromanagers, they unwittingly place unwanted pressure on team members, rather than taking a step back and establishing an atmosphere in which individuals can perform their best job, the organization suffers.

Connecting to purpose.

Leaders cannot compel their employees to do anything, but they may provide them with the option to participate if they so want. While fear and pressure may be effective motivators for performance, the most effective way to increase employee engagement is to assist them in connecting with the overarching mission of the firm. As a related article, here is what happens when employees find meaning in their jobs.

Is your firm only focused on achieving outcomes for the sake of achieving results? It may be appropriate at this point to tie the results back to a specific advantage for the client and to communicate this wider purpose to your personnel.

People aren’t lazy.

Many executives are under the impression that people are fundamentally lazy and would slack off if highly competitive environments are not fostered or goals are not imposed. This is just not true. Theoretically, if individuals are not given structure and strict quotas to meet, their natural instinct will be to stop producing altogether. The fact of the matter is that people want to make a difference. People aspire to produce outstanding work and do things that have never been done before. Those who believe that their job is tied to a higher purpose and the overall objective of the organization are more likely than others to spend more time on projects, rise to the occasion, and meet targets without feeling under excessive pressure.

Recognizing rather than penalizing.

Employees want to produce excellent job, but they also want to be acknowledged for it when they do, rather of being penalized when they don’t meet expectations. They prefer a culture that recognizes and celebrates the accomplishments of individuals and teams rather than one that instills dread. A recent study performed by my organization discovered that, out of the six most prevalent motivating factors that enable workers to generate excellent work, recognition is by far the most important component in inspiring employees to produce excellent work.

However, unless leadership strives to establish cultures where people are driven to do their best job for the right reasons, they risk unwittingly reinforcing unhealthy and unethical conduct, which might jeopardize the very business objectives they are attempting to achieve.

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