What Culture Do You Identify With


The Culture Test

1.To find their way around, folks use a map or a GPS system. Inquire with other folks. Make a prayer for direction. 2.Job skills are developed through the following methods: apprenticeship and observation. obtaining a revelation of a divine truth education in a formal setting 3.Ritual prayers and sacrifices are offered in order to heal the ill. a prescription from a doctor. a traditional natural treatment 4.An insulted party either seeks retribution or withdraws. a person who seeks justice curses the person who does it 5.A birthmark is completely harmless.

their complete legal name and title.

8.Misdeeds have the greatest impact on the offender’s: internal conscience; fate; and public reputation.

are unsanitary and odoriferous are places where ghosts can be found.

  1. having the appropriate contacts Creating an effective business plan 11.
  2. 12.The definition of ‘family’ encompasses the following individuals: parents, husband, and children.
  3. 13.Parents advise their children to: placate invisible powers; pursue their own interests and emotions; and be honest with themselves.
  4. 15.Tradition and consensus are the sources of truth.
  5. Mysticism and pragmatism go hand in hand.
  6. Along the journey, stop by to see relatives.
  7. 17.Getting a new partner is the most effective way to resolve infertility.
  8. 19.Weddings are often arranged to begin at or near the appointed hour.
  9. A grocery in the middle of nothing.
  10. Twenty-two.Leaders maintain links with the following groups: their followers, powerful individuals, and spiritual forces People are expected to behave in accordance with their responsibilities and expectations.
  11. What is right and what is incorrect.

prevent it from any untoward consequences Keep it in banks for safekeeping. A guest’s seating arrangement at a dinner may have an impact on what happens the following day. identifies their current condition as well as their age is selected at random.

Personal information (only for anonymous research)

This category represents my ‘primary’ or ‘birth’ culture, which is the one in which I was reared. My’secondary’ (or ‘host’) culture, which I have been a part of for more than a decade. my’secondary’ culture, which I have been a part of for 4 to 9 years. my’secondary’ culture, which I have only been a part of for three years or fewer. Do you have a sense of what the primary orientation of the group is? RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY (people feel guilty internally and value justice) DISGUSTING (people desire honor and avoid shame) DISCONTINUED FEAR (people seek spiritual power over unseen world) I honestly don’t know.

MaleFemale What is the greatest level of schooling that you have completed to this point?

Bachelor’s Degree in Business Administration Master’s degree or above is required.

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what culture do i identify with

  • Objectives for Learning. Understand the ways in which values and beliefs differ from social norms. .
  • Personal Values and Beliefs The first, and possibly most important, aspects of culture that we shall consider are the values and beliefs held by the people who live in that society. .
  • Norms.
  • Symbols and Language.
  • Conclusion.

What is culture in your own words?

In the broadest sense, culture refers to the qualities and knowledge of a specific group of people. It encompasses things such as language, religion, food, social customs, music, art, and other forms of expression. … The term “culture” comes from a French phrase that, in turn, comes from the Latin word “colere,” which literally translates as “to tend to the ground and flourish,” or “to cultivate and nurture,” in English.

What is personal culture?

Personal culture is the collection of cultures to which you are a member at a given period in your life. Culture is a shared understanding that comes from a common set of circumstances. … Although cultures are distinct, they overlap in a huge number of ways, allowing people to have a somewhat unique collection of cultural affiliations, as seen in Figure 1.

How do you explain culture to a child?

Cultures are what distinguishes one country from another. Each country has a unique set of cultural activities and rituals that are unique to them. Material commodities, such as the objects that people use and make, are considered part of culture. Culture includes people’s views and values, as well as the manner in which they think about and comprehend the world, as well as their own lives. Definition: Sociocultural elements are those that are connected to social and cultural aspects, and they include similar customs, habits, behaviors, and beliefs that are shared by a group of people.

What is culture examine its main features?

“Culture is all that is socially shared and taught by the members of a community,” according to the definition given by Horton and Hunt: “. The term “society” is described by Tylor as “that complex totality consisting of beliefs, art, region, values, norms, ideas, law, taught, knowledge, custom, and other capabilities gained by a man while participating in a society.”


Describe the culture with which you identify and provide examples. What is my cultural identity, according to this quiz Examples of cultural identity definitions and descriptions three things you learned about your cultural identity that surprised you a crisis of cultural identity Cultural identity is defined as follows: examples of cultural identity What is the significance of cultural identity? See more entries in the FAQ category.

Examples of Culture

In general, culture may be defined as the traditions, arts, and social interactions that are unique to a certain nation, people, or other group to which individuals identify or belong. It may also be characterized as an appreciation for the arts and for human intellectual progress in other fields of study. In both perspectives, examples of culture may be a useful tool for gaining a fast knowledge of the subject matter. illustrative of culture

Culture Linked to Geography

Some features of culture are associated with a specific geographic area, such as a country or a geographic region.

National Identity (Country-Specific Culture)

Visiting a new (to you) nation and marveling at the way people in that country speak, think, and act, especially in comparison to what you’re accustomed to in your home country, is not uncommon when traveling.

  • The languages of a country have an impact on its national identity and enable for successful communication. Dialects and accents can be used to distinguish between different subcultures that exist within a country. As countries approach their culture, they typically reflect this approach in how they spend their collective time, money, and energy
  • This approach may also be mirrored in their legal system. Fashion, family life, and commercial interactions, among other aspects of a country’s etiquette and customs, can play an important part in shaping its culture. The use of nonverbal communication varies substantially from country to country. When viewed from a different perspective, the hard handshake that is required in the United States might be perceived as hostile. The beliefs of a country, both religious and historical in nature, are frequently at the heart of that nation’s culture

As an illustration, consider the following instances of cultural exposure peculiar to a particular country or national identity. It goes without saying that there are regional distinctions from one country to the other.

Regional Culture

It’s likely that the place where you live has a distinct cultural identity, especially if you live in a somewhat large civilization like the United States. For example, in the United States, there are some cultural indicators that are shared across the country, such as a love of baseball and American football, or a fondness for apple pie and french fries. There are, nevertheless, significant cultural distinctions across different parts of the country as a whole.

  • Being identified as a southern drawlor and speaking in a southern dialect helps people recognize a person as being originally from a specific region of the United States (the South). Throughout Canada, the slang vocabulary differs greatly from one location to the next. From one part of a country to another, different terms might be used to refer to the same subject in different ways. For example, carbonated beverages such as soda, pop, and soft drinks are referred to as such in different regions. Certain meals have a tendency to be connected with a specific geographical location. A deep dish pizza, for example, is the standard in Chicago, whereas a thinner crust pizza is the usual in New York
  • Weather occurrences that are prevalent in a certain place are indicative of the culture of that region. Weather disasters such as hurricanes, fires, blizzard and tornadoes as well as typhoons can affect individuals in different parts of the world. Because of the way their inhabitants prefer to vote in many democratic nations, some qualities tend to be linked with areas within such countries.

Those are only a few illustrations of the cultural variances that might occur across various regions of the same nation.

Culture of Diversity

Depending on your location (state, city/town/province/country), you may live in a community that is extremely welcoming of individuals of various colors, genders, sexual orientations, national origins, or other aspects of variety. Then you are part of a community that places a high value on variety to the point where it is an integral element of the culture and identity of the people living there.

  • The community calendar may be jam-packed with festivals and activities that bring together members of the community of many races and nationalities. Citizens who were born in other countries may be able to benefit from instructional lectures and research resources available at their local library. The possibility exists of many sporting activities available to residents of all genders, ages and abilities levels, including those who are impaired
  • The agendas of municipal officials, local companies, and religious groups may encourage a wide range of attractive retail, educational, and religious activities
  • Nevertheless, this is not guaranteed. Classes in community education that are specifically designed for foreign language acquisition may be easily available at reasonable prices. Diverse neighborhoods with a high concentration of immigrants are more likely to celebrate cultural diversity. Every September, for example, the city of New York stages a distinctive Caribbean Carnival.

Those activities would be exemplified as manifestations of a diverse culture in a community. Some communities are extremely accepting of differences and strive to be inclusive of all members. This frequently results in instances of cultural dissemination.

Identifying Examples of Cultures Around You

Everywhere you look, there are examples of culture to be found.

Corporate Culture

Working culture may be demonstrated in a multitude of ways, including how people dress, how offices are constructed, how workers are treated, and the manner in which a company incorporates its culture into its goods and services, as well as the manner in which it portrays itself to consumers.

  • The design of an office might be either informal or formal. To foster a sense of equality among employees as well as comfort and productivity, employees may be encouraged to dress in a more informal manner. On important milestones in workers’ life, such as their birthdays, weddings, births, and funerals of family members, management may demonstrate a caring and friendly attitude by giving them cards and presents. Customer service excellence, personal acknowledgement of valued customers, and business participation in community and philanthropic organizations are all examples of how a caring culture may be presented
  • There may be a cultural connection between the design and placement of the offices, with senior personnel having larger offices or cubicles that are the furthest away from the entrance.

The attitudes and behaviors of your coworkers are examples of the corporate culture that exists at your workplace.

Popular Culture

In your workplace, the attitudes and behaviors of employees serve as an example of the company’s corporate culture.

  • The most popular music in a culture may come from performers who have made it to the Billboard Top 100 or from the newest YouTube pop sensations. In addition, social media influencers can have an impact on which businesses are in demand as well as which activities or fashions are most popular. Best-selling novels, as well as famous films and television series, may have a significant impact on the attitudes and experiences of a culture’s citizens. The ability to swiftly connect and exchange ideas through social networking may be a valuable tool for people of various ages, ethnicities, hobbies, genders, and sexual orientations. Fashion trends may serve as a barometer for cultural trends. Casual clothing may indicate a more laid-back lifestyle, but rapidly changing fashion may reflect rapidly changing cultural trends. Language is a crucial tool for conveying popular culture experiences to others. To describe the contemporary culture, a variety of languages and slang terms can be used in conjunction.
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Almost everything on this list is an example of popular culture. Trends may shift in an instant; what is today’s pop culture craze could be yesterday’s news in the blink of an eye.

High Culture and Sophisticated Taste

In addition to the traditional meaning of culture, which refers to the attitudes and ideas held by a whole group of people, there is another definition of culture as well.

This term is associated with high culture. In this context, possessing what has come to be characterized as refined taste in the fine arts or humanities is referred to as having “culture.” Examples of this type of culture include the following:

  • An appreciation for opera
  • A love of classical music
  • Taking pleasure in the ballet
  • Seeing and admiring art displays
  • Reading excellent literature, particularly the classics
  • And so on. Gourmet cuisine is something to be admired. superb wine knowledge and competence at a sophisticated level

It is sometimes referred to as “cultured” to describe those who have an appreciation for such things. Ironically, persons who enjoy this form of culture are more likely than others to be critical of popular culture. People who are perceived to be members of the so-called “cultural elite” may choose to distance themselves from popular culture or from what is believed to be standard practice in society.

Recognizing Examples of Culture

You may not consider yourself to be exposed to these many forms of culture on a daily basis, but you instinctively understand that certain attitudes, thoughts, and ideas exist when you visit a certain location, even if you do not think about it. In addition, you can detect the difference between other civilizations just by looking at them.

  • When you visit a stuffy and formal law office, the experience is going to be very different than when you visit a casual digital start-up. Invariably, traveling to a modern city like Amsterdam will feel different than traveling to an extremely conservative nation like a Muslim country in the Middle East.

Throughout your day you are exposed to a wide range of attitudes, feelings, ideas, and items that are all manifestations of culture. These examples are related to the form of culture that may be characterized simply as a group of people’s common attitudes, values, and beliefs.

Culture Shock

This form of culture is vital because it helps you learn how to think, act, and feel in a way that is acceptable to the majority of people in society. The reason for experiencing culture shock when you suddenly relocate to a new nation or begin interacting with a new group of individuals who have quite different attitudes and beliefs from those you are accustomed to is also explained.

Understanding Culture

It is critical to understand the various meanings and forms of culture that exist. When you consider various instances of culture, you gain a greater awareness of the world around you, as well as the ideas, beliefs, and values that you encounter on a daily basis. Investigate how slang impacts the English language in order to have a better understanding of culture and its impact. Reviewing this dictionary of major terminology in cultural anthropology can help you improve your abilities to discuss and explain cultures.

Explore Your Cultural Identity with FamilySearch Country Pages

We are all very proud of where we came from and who we are. Whether you are a first-generation immigrant or have recently found your ancestors through a DNA test, your ancestry is an integral part of who you are. On top of that, your cultural identity is intricately intertwined with your professional identity.

What Is Cultural Identity?

It is important to us that we feel proud of our origins. Whether you are a first-generation immigrant or have just recently found your ancestors through a DNA test, your history is an integral aspect of your identity. On top of that, your cultural identity is intricately intertwined with your professional one.

Discover Your Cultural Identity

We are all quite proud of our origins. If you are a first-generation immigrant or have recently found your ancestors through a DNA test, your history is an integral aspect of your identity. Not only that, but it’s also intimately associated with your cultural identity, which is a plus.

Understanding a different culture

Because you live in a dynamic multicultural nation, it is admirable that you are interested in learning about cultures different than your own.

There are a variety of approaches that may be used to do this, but the most essential is to remember that we are all just ordinary individuals trying to do the best we can.

What is ‘cultural awareness’?

Cultural awareness, also known as cultural sensitivity, is the understanding of the existence of cultural differences and similarities while refraining from passing judgment on others based on these differences and similarities. The ability to recognize cultural differences without labeling them as ‘good’ or ‘bad’, or as “right” or “wrong” is a key component in developing a non-judgemental mentality. This does not imply that you need to be an expert in other cultures to be successful. To be open-minded simply means being willing to ask questions and seek further knowledge rather than reacting in a knee-jerk manner to anything that does not sit well with one’s sensibilities.

Why is cultural awareness important?

People and customs from many different nations and cultures are evident and appreciated in Australia, which is a result of the country’s high level of multiculturalism. You will almost certainly meet a lot of people and be exposed to a lot of circumstances that are completely foreign to you throughout your travels. Increasing your cultural awareness, also known as developing your understanding of various cultures, allows you to have more meaningful relationships with people around you. You’re developing your regard and empathy for other people, and you’re appreciating both your differences and your commonalities at the same time.

Ways to build cultural understanding and awareness

If you stay with what you know, rather than branch out and meet individuals who are different from you, it may be quite easy to become complacent. Actively attempting to comprehend and appreciate cultural differences, on the other hand, may open you up to a whole new universe of possibilities. What you can do is as follows:

Become self-aware

Determine your own personal ideas, values, and personal prejudices by doing an in-depth investigation. This includes prejudices towards people from your own cultural background. Certainly – it may be intimidating – but by doing so, you will be able to consider how these characteristics could influence your attitude to and understanding of differences. You might try the following: Consider the assumptions you make about your friends, classmates, coworkers, and random individuals you see on the street.

What preconceptions do you have about persons who come from similar backgrounds to you?

Do your own research

Learning about various cultures may be a wonderful approach to have a better understanding of cultural diversity and tolerance. You may try something like: watching some foreign films on SBS or Netflix, going to a local culinary festival, or looking for some resources on the internet. For example, have a look at the resources available from Common Ground for learning about Indigenous Australian culture and history.

Talk to someone from a different cultural background

Make an effort to get to know someone who comes from a different cultural background. However, by gaining a better understanding of them as a friend or peer, you will unintentionally learn more about their lives and experiences as a result of your friendship or peer relationship. Simply being interested and open-minded may be quite beneficial. You might try the following: Meet up with an acquaintance, friend, or coworker you’ve been meaning to get to know better and have a conversation or catch up with them.

In the event that you’d like to try your luck online, there are websites that may assist you in your search for an overseas penpal. If you’re learning a new language, this is also an excellent method to put your newfound abilities to the test.


One of the most effective methods to learn about and experience different cultures is to live among them for a period of time. It may take some time to save money for, but organizing a vacation to a foreign nation that you are interested in can be the most effective method to learn about other people and their cultures. You might attempt something like this: Take a look at some virtual travel and historical experiences from the comfort of your home.

Be more accepting

Sometimes, for a variety of reasons, it might be difficult to comprehend some cultural differences, particularly in the workplace. In these cases, the best course of action is simply to realize that some individuals are different from others and to accept that this is perfectly OK. For someone to be accepted, you do not have to understand or even agree with them on all points. You might try the following: Encourage yourself to be empathic toward those around you and to be conscious of your own ideas about others.

Find out more about how you might become more welcoming in your life.

Culturally different, with diverse opinions

If you hear or read something about a certain culture, it’s crucial to remember that not everyone from that particular background acts, thinks, or believes in the same way as you do. In the same way that not everyone you know has the same opinions, people from diverse cultural origins do not all hold the same beliefs.

Think beyond stereotypes

One of the most difficult obstacles to overcome while trying to comprehend cultural differences is forming snap judgments based on a single point of view. Instead of making broad generalizations about people, conduct your own study and make an attempt to understand more about them personally. When persons from diverse cultural origins are stereotyped, it may have a negative influence on their quality of life and their career chances.

Everyone is unique

Everyone, regardless of cultural origin, has their own distinct beliefs, habits, and ways of living, and it is important to remember this while discussing diversity. The sooner you recognize that everyone is unique, the simpler it will be to comprehend and appreciate cultural differences.

r/AskReddit – Do you identify strongly with a culture? What sort of culture? Why?

I’ve been attempting to find out my identity for quite some time now, but I’ve always come up empty-handed in the process. I’m not really able to identify with a certain country. I was born outside of the United States, but I’ve been a resident of this nation since I was two years old, and I have little interest in the traditions and beliefs of my ancestral homeland. While at the same time, I’ve never felt really at home in any mainstream American society, in part because of my race and, I suppose, perhaps more so because I have absolutely no interest in sports.

  • Religion?
  • I’m becoming more of a deist these days, so while I lean more toward atheism than I do toward personal god-endowed beliefs, I don’t necessarily have a great interest in preaching in the way that characterizes any type of culture that emerges around the belief in gods.
  • I’m also not much of a tinkerer while I’m not at work.
  • That culture – gaming – was something I pondered for a long time, and I may have been a member of it for a period of time, but, once again, I chose to focus on a broad range of titles rather than a single one.
  • The only one I’m even really serious about is writing, and it’s a solitary performance with minimal collective consensus on how to behave.
  • No way.) in order to be deemed a true culture.

I’m fine with this quasi-state, on the other hand. I’m wondering if there are any other people out there who have the same thoughts as I do. So, how would you characterize yourself? Do you even bother to try?

Culture and identity

It is only through understanding others that one can gain a better understanding of oneself: any form of identity is complex, because individuals are defined in relation to other people – both individually and collectively – and the various groups to which they demonstrate allegiance, in a pattern that is constantly shifting. — United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 1996, ‘Learning: The Treasure Within’

Defining culture

Culture is a concept that is extremely complicated and frequently debated, with academics noting around 160 variants in meaning 1. 1. It is the idea of culture that is dynamic and develops through time and in different circumstances, which has resulted in many individuals today identifying with one or more cultures and a wide range of distinct groupings. According to the video below, Professor Greg Noble from the University of Western Sydney discusses how difficult the phrase is to understand.


Kluckhohn published a paper in 1952 titled A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions in the Field of Culture


Culture is a distinguishing characteristic of a person’s identity, contributing to their perception of themselves as well as their identification with various groups. The development of a person’s perception of their own and other people’s identities begins from birth and is influenced by the values and attitudes that are prominent at home and in the immediate community. Culture, ethnicity, and identity are all discussed in depth by Professor Greg Noble of the University of Western Sydney in this video.

Culture, ethnicity, and personal identity are all important considerations.

Diverse identities

In the same way that culture is complicated, so is the concept of identity, with people’s identities or identities growing more complex through time as they interact with other groups. Identity changes as a result of a variety of variables, including mass media, popular culture, and the enhanced options for social connection made possible by technological advancements. Together with globalisation, migration, and inter-marriage amongst individuals of diverse cultural origins, these factors have resulted in people identifying with several cultures and ancestries on a larger and more frequent basis.

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There were 1,155 different replies out of the total of 5,133 responses received.

  • There are many different types of Australian ancestry and background. G. 9th generation Australian, Anglo-Australian dating back to the 2nd fleet, Aboriginal-Australian, Australian with multicultural heritage, True blue, dinki di, Australian citizen
  • Permutations and hyphenations indicating a variety of ancestral backgrounds Other responses include: European-cosmopolitan, Universalist, European-cosmoplitan, Universalist
  • Other responses include: Universalist
  • Other responses include

Further readings and references:

  • Programme de formation professionnelle en matière de teaching for intercultural understanding Department of Education, Employment, and Workplace Relations, 2009
  • Department of Education, Employment, and Workplace Relations, 2009. Making a Financial Investment in Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Dialogue: Executive Summary UNESCO, 2009
  • NSW Department of Education, Multicultural Education
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 2009

What Is Culture?

The image is courtesy of Getty Images/Saha Entertainment. Culture is defined as the features and knowledge of a certain group of people, and it includes language, religion, food, social behaviors, music, and the arts, among other things. Cultural patterns, interactions, cognitive constructs, and comprehension are defined by theCenter for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition as common patterns of behavior and interaction that are learnt via socialization, according to the Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition As a result, culture may be defined as the development of a group identity that is influenced by social patterns that are exclusive to the group.

The anthropologist Cristina De Rossi of Barnet and Southgate College in London told Live Science that culture encompasses “religion, food, what we wear, how we wear it, our language, marriage, music, what we believe is right or wrong, how we sit at the table, how we greet visitors, how we behave with loved ones, and a million other things.” “Culture encompasses religion, food,” she said.

According to Arthur Asa Berger, the word “culture” comes from a French phrase that, in turn, comes from the Latin word “colere,” which meaning to tend to the ground and flourish, or to cultivate and nourish, or to cultivate and nurture.

As De Rossi explained, “it shares its origin with a number of other terms that are associated with actively supporting development.”

Western culture

The fall of the Roman Empire had a significant impact on Western civilization. The image is courtesy of Chase Dekker Wild-Life Images/Getty Images. ) In recent years, according to Khan University, the phrase “Western culture” has come to refer to the cultures of European nations as well as those countries that have been extensively impacted by European immigration, such as the United States. Western culture may be traced back to the Classical Period of the Greco-Roman era (the fourth and fifth centuries B.C.) and the development of Christianity in the fourteenth century as its origins.

  1. Throughout the past 2,500 years, a slew of historical events have contributed to the development of Western culture.
  2. 476, paved the way for the development of a succession of often-warring nations in Europe, each with its own culture, after which the Middle Ages began.
  3. According to Ohio State University historian John L.
  4. As a result of elites being compelled to pay more for scarce labor, survivors in the working class have gained more influence.
  5. Today, Western culture can be found in practically every country on the planet, and its influences may be traced back to its origins.

Eastern culture

Buddhism has a significant role in the civilizations of various Eastern countries. Three Buddhist monks are seen here on their way to the Angkor Wat temple. The image is courtesy of Getty Images/Saha Entertainment. Far East Asian culture (which includes China, Japan, Vietnam, North Korea, and South Korea) and the Indian subcontinent are commonly referred to as Eastern culture in general. When compared to Western culture, Eastern culture was highly impacted by religion throughout its early history, but the cultivation and harvesting of rice had a significant impact on its evolution as well, according to a study report published in the journal Rice in 2012.

This umbrella term, on the other hand, encompasses a vast array of traditions and histories.

Thus, Hinduism rose to prominence as a significant force in Indian culture, while Buddhism continued to have an impact on the cultures of both China and Japan.

In the case of Chinese Buddhism, for example, according to Jiahe Liu and Dongfang Shao, the philosophy of Taoism, which stresses compassion, frugality, and humility, was taken.

During the period 1876 to 1945, for example, Japan ruled or occupied Korea in various forms. A large number of Koreans were coerced or compelled to change their surnames to Japanese ones during this period according to History.com, which describes the situation as follows:

Latin culture

Da de los Muertos costumes for children in traditional attire (Image courtesy of Getty/Sollina Images.). The geographical territory that encompasses “Latin culture” is large and diverse. For the sake of this definition, Latin America is comprised of the regions of Central America, South America and Mexico where Spanish or Portuguese is the main language. Beginning in the 1400s, Spain and Portugal colonized or influenced a number of locations across the world, including those listed above. Some historians (such as Michael Gobat, “The Invention of Latin America: A Transnational History of Anti-Imperialism, Democracy, and Race,” American Historical Review, Vol.

  • Because of this, Latin cultures are extremely diverse, and many of them combine indigenous customs with the Spanish language and Catholicism brought by Spanish and Portuguese invaders to form hybrid cultures.
  • These impacts are particularly evident in Brazil and the countries of the Western Hemisphere’s Caribbean region.
  • A notable example is Da de los Muertos, also known as Day of the Dead, which is a celebration dedicated to commemorating the fallen that is observed on November 1st and 2nd.
  • According to the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Mexican immigrants to the United States carried the festival with them, and in the 1970s, artists and events focused attention on Da de los Muertos as a way of expressing their Chicano (Mexican-American) ancestry.

Middle Eastern culture

A family from the Middle East sits down to supper together (Photo courtesy of Getty/Jasmin Merdan). The Middle East is roughly defined as the area including the Arabian peninsula as well as the eastern Mediterranean region. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the North African countries of Libya, Egypt, and Sudan are also occasionally mentioned. The word “Middle Eastern culture” is another umbrella term that incorporates a wide range of cultural customs, religious beliefs, and everyday routines from all around the Middle East and North Africa.

  • Despite the fact that there is tremendous religious variety in the Middle East, Islam is the religion with the greatest number of adherents, and Islam has played a key part in the cultural development of the region.
  • According to the Metropoliton Museum, the death of the religion’s founder, Muhammad, in 632, was a watershed event in the development of Middle Eastern culture and civilization.
  • Consequently, a split developed between Shia Muslims, who held the value of bloodline in high regard, and Sunni Muslims, who held that leadership should not be passed down through the familial lineage.
  • Their rites and customs differ somewhat from one another, and the divisions that exist between the two groups frequently lead to conflict.

Areas that were once part of the Ottoman Empire are known for distinctive architecture that is influenced by Persian and Islamic styles.

African culture

African woman from the Maasai tribe, sitting with her infant close to her home in the African country of Kenya (Photo courtesy of hadynyah/Getty Images.) ) Africa has the longest history of human habitation of any continent: it has been inhabited since the beginning of time. According to the Natural History Museum in London, humans started there approximately 400,000 years ago and began to spread to other parts of the world around the same time period. Researchers led by Dr. Tom White, who works as a Senior Curator of Non-Insect Invertebrates at the Smithsonian Institution, were able to find this by analyzing Africa’s ancient lakes and the species that lived in them.

  • African culture differs not just across and within country borders, but also inside those borders.
  • According to Culture Trip, Nigeria alone has more than 300 tribes, which is a significant number.
  • Because of this, large urban centers sprung up along the Eastern coast, which were frequently linked together by the transportation of raw resources and commerce from landlocked portions of the continent.
  • According to Britannica, Northwest Africa has significant linkages to the Middle East, whereas Sub-Saharan Africa shares historical, geographical, and social traits with North Africa that are considerably distinct from those of the former.
  • The traditions of these cultures developed in a variety of contexts that were vastly diverse.
  • Maasai herders, on the other hand, herd their sheep and goats on broad pastures and rangelands.

What is cultural appropriation?

Cultural appropriation, according to the Oxford Reference dictionary, is defined as follows: “A phrase used to describe the taking over of creative or artistic forms, concepts, or practices by one cultural group from another.” A non-Native American wearing a Native American headdress as a fashion item would be one example of this practice. The fashion house Victoria’s Secret was highly condemned in 2012 after a model was dressed in a headdress that looked like a Lakota war bonnet, according to the newspaper USA Today.

As well as jewelry influenced by Zuni, Navajo, and Hopi styles from the desert Southwest, the model wore turquoise, demonstrating how cultural appropriation can group tribes with vastly distinct cultures and histories into a single stereotypical image through the usage of turquoise.

Sikh restaurateur and social media influencer Harjinder Singh Kukreja responded to Gucci on Twitter, noting that the Sikh Turban is “not a hip new accessory for white models, but rather an object of religion for practicing Sikhs.” Turbans have been worn as ‘hats’ by your models, although practicing Sikhs knot their turbans properly fold-by-fold.

“Using imitation Sikh turbans and turbans is as bad as selling fake Gucci merchandise.”

Constant change

One thing is clear about cultures, no matter how they appear on the surface: they change. According to De Rossi, “Culture appears to have become important in our linked globe, which is made up of so many ethnically different nations, but which is also rife with conflicts related with religion, ethnicity, ethical values, and, fundamentally, the aspects that make up culture.” “Culture, on the other hand, is no longer set, if it ever was. In its essence, it is fluid and in perpetual motion.” Consequently, it is impossible to characterize any culture in a singular manner.

  1. A body known as the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has been established by the United Nations to identify cultural and natural heritage as well as to conserve and safeguard it.
  2. It was signed by UNESCO in 1972 and has been in force since since.
  3. Stephanie Pappas is a contributing writer for Live Science, where she writes on a variety of subjects ranging from geology to archaeology to the human brain and psychology.
  4. Her undergraduate degree in psychology came from the University of South Carolina, and her graduate certificate in scientific communication came from the University of California, Santa Cruz.

What Culture Do You Identify With?

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During the summer of 2011, I participated in a two-week summer camp in Korea, which was funded by the G20 conference and the South Korean government, among others. In order to learn about Korean history and traditions, the initiative brought 1.5 and 2nd generation Korean immigrant adolescents from throughout the world back to their “homeland” to participate in a reunion program. I met Koreans from all over the world, including England, New Zealand, China, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, and others. Those two weeks will remain etched in my memory forever.

  • However, we were all different in our own way, depending on the nation in which we were born and raised.
  • When it came to balancing two identities, I had always battled; I was too American for my Korean family back home, yet not American enough for my schoolmates since I am Korean.
  • Over the course of many years, my family in Korea would continually remind me of my Korean heritage and that I couldn’t lose sight of my Korean roots.
  • I didn’t like the terms “American” or “Korean-American,” and I tried to avoid being referred to as such.
  • There have been so many experiences in my life that are only available to those who live in the Korean-American bubble that you can’t have by just merging Koreans and Americans.

Even though I am a first generation immigrant to the United States from Korea, I do not qualify as a 1.5 generation (those who arrive in the country during their teenage years) or a 2nd generation because I believe that my Korean upbringing was well established during the five years that I spent in Korea.

  • Before I could truly realize and embrace how much I had integrated into American society, I had to go away for college.
  • As opposed to my Korean relatives, I do not get up at the crack of dawn to study in the library before school begins, then attend tutoring sessions for hours on end till the wee hours of the morning after school.
  • I am not afraid to speak freely about drugs, sex, and LGBTQ problems, all of which are strongly stigmatized and seen as taboo in Korea.
  • In the perspective of a Korean, I am an American.
  • Whenever we went out, I was the voice in her head.
  • I was right to be concerned.
  • Particularly in our home, we did not observe the usual “American” holidays of the Fourth of July (the Fourth of July holiday), Thanksgiving, or the Labor Day weekend.
You might be interested:  What Is An Individualistic Culture

My only true, authentic Thanksgiving celebration this year occurred when I traveled back to my hometown with a buddy for the four-day weekend.

I’ve come to recognize that I’m a part of a bigger population that will never fully identify with one culture or another, but will instead identify with some hybrid, joyful combination of various cultures rather than with one culture or another.

When I was at home, I was immersed in a Korean-American community that included my schoolmates, my church family, and other Korean families that my parents were acquainted with.

This is not to argue that it is a terrible thing; it is simply that it is new and something to get used to.

Embracing my dual cultural identity has been more difficult than I anticipated, and I’ve discovered that finding a harmonious balance between the two cultures is even harder when one’s environment demands that one behave like an American rather than a Korean.

Trying to have the best of both worlds is difficult. This Content Has Been Reported This material has not been approved by Odyssey HQ and only reflects the views and opinions of the author who has not been compensated.

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  • Culture is meaningful and highly valued by a particular group
  • Culture is profoundly implicated in motivating people to think, interpret, and judge the world and act in the ways that they do
  • Culture is something that can be learnt. It is passed down from generation to generation and internalized to the point where it has become’second nature’ and is mostly taken for granted
  • Culture is arbitrary, and it is not a ‘natural’ phenomenon. When a group makes decisions, the true character of its culture emerges as a result of those decisions. There was a possibility that things might have turned out differently
  • Culture contains ‘problem-solving tools that enable humans to thrive in a certain setting.’ (Schein.)
  • Individuals can be members of a variety of cultural groupings
  • Power and culture are inextricably intertwined. (1995:9)
  • (Inglis 2005:9-10)

Different cultural aspects can be distinguished, for example:

  • Expressions such as artworks and ideas, communication, artifacts and tools, rules and regulations, and laws
  • Beliefs, values and worldviews such as ideologies, assumptions, and attitudes
  • Knowledge such as scientific and indigenous knowledge
  • Social structure such as agency, interpersonal relationships, social networks, social control, and power
  • And behavior and practice such as customs and norms, rituals, and traditions. (Thomalla and colleagues, 2015: 9)

These aspects are distinguished by the fact that some are more noticeable than others. Because they are unseen and thus vital to people’s lives, they are difficult to bargain over. These definitions, while valuable, are based on an outsider’s point of view. From the perspective of an insider, culture is ‘that which is regarded “normal”;’the way things are done ’round here.’ The fact that much of culture has been internalized and comes readily, and that this self-evidence aids routines and social order, makes identifying and explaining it to outsiders challenging.

  1. In general, when two cultures come together and clash, it is the cultural disparities that are brought to the surface the most frequently.
  2. This is due to the fact that we are compelled to view and assess our surroundings, our fellow humans, and ourselves through the prism of our own cultural heritage.
  3. Is one of these incorrect and the other correct?
  4. Therefore, it is essential to be constantly aware of one’s own reactions to others, and in particular of the question marks that arise when one is dealing with others, in order to truly understand culture.
  5. However, what is considered normal by one person may not be so by another.
  6. Before escalating the situation to hostile confrontation, consider what it is that is perplexing you and engage in an inquisitive manner with the other.
  7. Such question marks are typically used to indicate the possibility of a cultural difference.

When it comes to Byzantine and Ottoman architecture, why are beams put intermittently around the perimeter of structures (Bankoff 2014: 58)?

Such observations and inquiries assist one to have a better understanding of the environment in which one is currently located.

Therefore, acknowledging culture will not only enable one to cooperate more effectively or understand why cooperation with others may be difficult, but it will also open the door to learning more about one’s immediate surroundings and how people interpret and deal with those surroundings.

You will be peering into your most inward self and may be forced to question basic assumptions that have served as the foundation of your essence up to that point, while also learning that these assumptions are arbitrary and that you have the ability to change them if you so choose.

That is when things become challenging, particularly when interior factors such as values and conventions are being called into question.

First and foremost, it is important to recognize that people come from a variety of cultural backgrounds.

For example, families can have their own cultures, and in a certain scenario, the aspects of this culture may be deemed more important than the features of the organization’s culture, for example.

Contacts between persons from diverse ethnic or religious origins inside a single organization are a subset of these forms of cultural interactions.

Second, while dealing with diverse companies, cultures can interplay between and among the groups involved.

If you’re in a military unit, for example, a mission begins when you leave your house and ends when you return.

This ambiguity in the understanding of a mission might generate disagreements.

Armed forces and civil-military cooperation (Chapter 4.4) Culture is extremely useful in that it allows individuals to understand and assess the environment around them, i.e.

‘It keeps one from being taunted by hyper-reflection, as the centipede in the following poem was:’The Centipede was happy and content,Until a Toad in jest said: ‘Pray, which leg goes after which?’ And worked her brain to such a fever pitch that she lay preoccupied in a ditch contemplating how to flee’ (Katherine Craster 1841-74) The logic and purpose of cultural items are determined by the culture in which they are found.

  1. In the case of natural disasters, for example, communities seek to create aspects that will help them to comprehend and deal with the occurrences while avoiding as much dismay as possible.
  2. A catastrophe subculture is a collection of cultural components that have been cultivated in order to deal with a recurring hazard of some sort.
  3. Because these factors have significance and are valued by communities at risk of catastrophe, they must be taken into consideration while addressing the issue of Disaster Risk Reduction and preparedness.
  4. Among other things, they may serve as the reason why a certain community does not choose to implement a solution that has been proposed by experts.
  5. When you are forced to do something in an emergency situation, you are already too late.
  6. People must rely on automatic behavior to a great extent in order to maintain sufficient brain space to deal with unforeseen events.
  7. This can be accomplished in a variety of ways.
  8. It might also be incorporated into the preparation phase by integrating a cultural evaluation while performing, for example, network analysis.
  9. When it comes to disaster planning and preparation, it is also advised that you should not limit yourself to thinking about prospective ‘problem groups.’ There are networks of cultural groups that might be useful in one’s disaster risk reduction efforts.

Examples include boy and girl scouting, volunteer rescue brigades, and interest organizations such as electrical clubs or radio enthusiasts, to name just a few. Such groups may possess specific expertise and technological abilities that can be extremely beneficial in the event of a crisis.


These items are more visible than others depending on their position on the page. Because most are invisible and thus vital to people’s lives, they are difficult to bargain over. This is an outsider’s point of view, which is beneficial in certain situations, but not all. From the perspective of an insider, culture is ‘that which is regarded “normal”;’the way things are done around here.’ The fact that much of culture has been internalized and comes effortlessly, and that this self-evidence aids routines and social order, makes identifying and explaining it to outsiders more difficult.

  1. In general, when two cultures come together and collide, cultural differences are brought to the forefront the most.
  2. For one thing, our own cultural heritage has an unavoidable impact on how we see and appraise our environment as well as other people and ourselves.
  3. So, one is correct and which is incorrect?
  4. Therefore, it is essential to be constantly aware of one’s own reactions to others, and in particular of the question marks that arise when one is dealing with others, in order to properly distinguish cultures.
  5. However, what is considered normal by one person may not be so by another person.
  6. Before escalating the situation to aggressive conflict, consider what it is that is perplexing you and engage in an inquisitive manner with the other person.
  7. As a general rule, such question marks indicate the possibility of a cultural difference.

For what reason are beams put intermittently across the walls of numerous Byzantine and Ottoman structures (Bankoff 2014:58)?

One may learn a lot about the environment by making observations and asking questions.

Therefore, acknowledging culture will not only help one to collaborate more effectively or understand why cooperating with others may be difficult, but it will also open the door to learning more about one’s immediate surroundings and how others perceive and cope with their surroundings.

While looking into your most inner self, you may find yourself questioning basic assumptions that have served as the foundation of your essence up to that point, while also realizing that these assumptions are arbitrary and that you have the ability to change them if you so choose.

Then things become challenging, especially when interior aspects such as values and conventions are called into question.

One must first recognize that people come from a variety of diverse cultural backgrounds.

Family, for example, might have their own cultures, and in a certain scenario, the aspects of this culture may be deemed more significant than the features of the organization’s culture.

Individuals from diverse ethnic or religious origins who work together in the same company are a part of these forms of intercultural encounters.

Second, while dealing with multiple companies, cultures can interplay amongst and among groups of people.

If you’re in a military unit, for example, a mission begins when you leave home and ends when you return home.

This ambiguity in the understanding of a task might lead to conflict between parties.

Chapter 4.4: The Armed Forces and Civil-Military Coordination When it comes to function, culture is highly useful: it allows individuals to understand and assess the world around them, i.e.

It keeps one from being teased by hyper-reflection, as the centipede in the following poem was:’The Centipede was happy and content,Until a Toad in jest said, ‘Pray, which leg goes after which?”.

The cultivation of aspects that will help them to understand and deal with the events and avoid, to the greatest extent possible, dismay is common practice in disaster situations, for example.

As the term implies, a catastrophe subculture is a collection of cultural aspects that have been cultivated in order to deal with an ongoing threat.

They must be taken into consideration when dealing with Disaster Risk Reduction since these factors have significance and are appreciated by communities that are at risk of disaster.

Among other things, they may serve as the reason why a certain community does not choose to adopt a solution that has been developed by specialists.

When you are forced to do this in an emergency situation, you are already too late to save yourself.

When faced with unforeseen events, people must resort mostly to automatic behavior, which allows them to have more cognitive space.

There are several approaches that may be used to accomplish this goal.

Another option is to include a cultural assessment as part of the planning phase, such as when doing a network analysis, for example.

When it comes to catastrophe planning and preparation, it is also advised that you don’t only worry about prospective ‘problem groups.’ The actions of DRR can be aided by the involvement of cultural groupings networks.

Examples include boy and girl scout troops, volunteer fire departments, and interest organizations such as electrical clubs or radio enthusiasts. During a crisis, such groups may have specific expertise and technical abilities that can be extremely beneficial.

Further reading

It is proposed that local skills and repertoires be mapped, as well as the ‘risk environment’ that individuals perceive in their surroundings. There are excellent resources for conducting particulatory action research. Perhaps you will find the thereachingresilience.orghandbook to be of use. Here’s an example from Switzerland.


Cultural Framings in Disaster Risk Reduction, by G. Bankoff (Routledge Studies in Hazards, Disaster Risk, and Climate Change), is a book published by Routledge in 2015. (p. 58). Taylor & Francis Publishing, Kindle Edition. Flood Disaster Subcultures in the Netherlands: The Parishes of Borgharen and ItterenNatural Hazards 73 (2014)2 – ISSN 0921-030X – p. 859-882 Engel, K.E., Frerks, G., Velotti, L., Warner, J.F., Weijs, B. (2014) Flood Disaster Subcultures in the Netherlands: The Parishe s of Borgharen and ItterenNatural Hazards D.

New York, NY: Routledge “The Corporate Culture,” by E.

Schein, published by John Wiley & Sons in 1999.

Environmental Changes and Hazards: A Review of Perspectives.

Michèle Companion was in charge of the editing.

CRC Press.

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