What Culture Believes In Reincarnation

What Major Religions Believe in Reincarnation?

The number of different faiths has been many throughout the history of civilization, but only a small number of them have lasted through the millennia to this day. For thousands of years, religions have drawn the attention of a huge segment of the human population because of their potential to give answers to a variety of issues, such as what lies beyond death.

Jump ahead to these sections:

  • What major religions believe in reincarnation
  • What major religions do not believe in reincarnation
  • And what major religions are in the middle.

However, despite the fact that there are and have been numerous faiths, notions about the afterlife and what occurs after death have only been pushed by a few prominent religions throughout history. While the specifics of what happens may differ from religion to religion, practically all religious traditions agree on one thing: life does not come to an end when one dies.

What Major Religions Believe in Reincarnation?

Regarding the afterlife, there are two main schools of thought. For example, one religion holds that when someone dies in this world, they immediately travel to either Heaven or Hell, where they will dwell eternally after that. Their eventual destination is determined by their actions while on earth. Religions associated with Abrahamic origins such as Islam, Christianity, and Judaism are the most prevalent adherents of this belief system The notion of “reincarnation” is the second school of thinking that may be found in a variety of major faiths.

It is possible that the soul does not inhabit the same species.

Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sikhism are three of the most significant faiths that believe in reincarnation, and they are all found in the Central Asian region of the world.

1. Hinduism

It is one of the world’s oldest religions, with Hinduism constituting the majority of India’s people as its adherent. Hinduism is, without a doubt, the most well-known religion to embrace the concept of reincarnation. Every religion, including Islam, has the notion of a superior deity who maintains watch over each and every individual on the planet. Death, according to the Hindu afterlife, does not mark the end of a person’s soul’s existence. As a result, the soul will continue to come back to life in many forms depending on the intents and activities of that soul throughout their time on earth.

It is necessary for the soul to purify itself of all selfishness and evil purpose in order to obtain redemption.

It is possible for a soul to be reincarnated as an animal with less liberty and intelligence in order to perform better.

After a certain number of cycles, a soul should achieve ultimate redemption, known as “Moksha,” in which the soul connects with “The One” and is released from the cycle of life and death.

2. Jainism

It is one of the world’s oldest religions, with Hinduism constituting the majority of the country’s population. As far as reincarnation goes, Hinduism is unquestionably the most well-known religion to contain the concept. The notion of a superior deity who maintains watch over each and every individual on the planet is found in every faith, including Islam. A person’s soul does not die according to Hindu beliefs about the afterlife. As a result, the soul will continue to come back to life in different forms depending on the intents and activities of that soul throughout their time on earth.

It is necessary for the soul to purge itself of all selfishness and ill will in order to obtain redemption.

Having wicked intents and being egotistical will result in a soul being reincarnated into an animal with less liberty and intelligence to do better.

  • One sense, such as plants and vegetables, is possessed by Ekendriya spirits. Beindiriya souls are second senses, such as worms, that are possessed. Three senses are represented by the Treindriya souls. Four senses are possessed by Chaurindriya souls
  • Five senses are possessed by Panchridriya souls

3. Buddhism

In addition to the notion of rebirth, Buddhist teachings support the concept of karma. It is their belief that a second life is just the result of the one that was lived earlier. Any human being who fails to adhere to the Buddhist precepts of selflessness and self-control shall be reincarnated as an animal at the conclusion of his or her life. In today’s world, attitudes of the Buddhist afterlife are shifting, and the concept of rebirth as an animal is no longer universally regarded to be true.

Rebirth occurs as a result of the activities carried out throughout one’s lifetime, however the soul, or essence of a person, is not permitted to reincarnate as another human or as an animal.

Each soul repeats the cycle of reincarnation until they are free of desire and self-centered aspirations, at which point they achieve a state of oneness with the cosmos and are no longer born.

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4. Sikhism

The teachings of Waheguru are followed by Sikhs. For Sikhs, the ultimate freedom, or Mukti, can only be obtained by union with God and the cessation of the cycle of rebirth. For Sikhs, the process of reincarnation is a long succession of births and deaths based on the principles of Karma that repeats itself over and over again. If someone has done well in their previous life, they will be resurrected as a better person, whereas someone who has done terrible in their previous life would be reborn as a sad person.

Because they unquestionably belong to him and God is inside them. They rejoin God when he is pleased with them, and the cycle of pain and rebirth is broken as a result of this reunion.

5. Kabbalah Judaism

The teachings of Waheguru are followed by Sikhs worldwide. Sikhs believe that they will only be able to reach Mukti (eternal liberation) after they have united with God and put a stop to the cycle of rebirth. Reincarnation is viewed as a continuous succession of births and deaths that follow the laws of Karma, according to Sikh belief. If someone has done good in their previous life, they will be reincarnated as a better person, whereas someone who has done wrong in their previous life will be reborn as a person who is unhappy with their existence.

Considering that they are unquestionably his, and that God is inside them.

What Major Religions Don’t Believe in Reincarnation?

Many religious traditions reject the concept of reincarnation. They believe, on the other hand, that there is just one life following death. The most vocal proponents of this philosophy think that the soul is an everlasting being. However, while the body will die, the soul will live forever and will either be rewarded (in paradise) or punished (in hell) based on how well they lived on earth.

1. Christianity

Religions such as Christianity are the most widely practiced in the world, and they do not accept the notion of reincarnation. The notion of life after death, on the other hand, is deeply held by those who believe in it. When it comes to Christian communities, two notions coexist side by side. After death, there is a popular idea that each person’s soul will be judged according to how they conducted themselves during their lives. The outcome of the judgment will determine whether they will go to heaven or hell (or the “second death”).

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Every person, dead or alive, will then be held accountable for their actions in this world.

2. Islam

Christianity is the most widely practiced religion in the world, and it does not accept the notion of reincarnation as a legitimate belief. The notion of life after death, on the other hand, is held in high regard by those who believe in its existence. In Christian communities, two conceptions exist side by side. After death, there is a popular idea that each person’s soul will be judged according to how they conducted themselves throughout their life. The outcome of the judgment will determine whether they will go to paradise or hell (or the “second death”).

Afterwards, everyone, whether dead or alive, will be held accountable for their actions in this world.

3. Shintoism

Shintoism is practiced by the Chinese, who, in contrast to Buddhists, do not believe in the notion of rebirth in the hereafter.

When someone dies, according to Shintoism, their spirits depart this world and enter another eternal world known as the realm of heavens. According to them, every good deed committed in this world benefits the dead, particularly notable Chinese ancestors who have passed away.

4. Zoroastrianism

Zoroastrianism does not believe in the concepts of rebirth or karma. Individuals who adhere to this faith, on the other hand, believe that there is a life after death in which God evaluates the human soul based on their acts and actions.

Religions and Reincarnation

For millennia, religions all across the globe have been searching for solutions to assist us in dealing with the challenge of confronting death and dying well. Despite the fact that they all hold various ideas and provide different solutions, the one thing that they all agree on is that our choices in life have consequences. It is critical, no matter what faith you follow, to make every minute of your life count. Sources

  1. Long, Jeffery, “Perspectives on Reincarnation: Hindu, Christian, and Scientific,” in Perspectives on Reincarnation: Hindu, Christian, and Scientific. MDPI, Basel, 2019
  2. Christopher Chapple, “Reincarnation: Mechanics, Narratives, and Implications,” MDPI, Basel, 2019. MDPI, Los Angeles, CA, 2017
  3. Roger R. Keller, “Sikhism, Light, and Truth: A Latter-day Saint Guide to World Religions,” LDS Church Publications, Los Angeles, CA, 2017. Deseret Book, 2012
  4. Provo, UT: Deseret Book

How Reincarnation Works

Natural life follows a cyclical pattern. As the sun rises in the sky, the day changes into night and then back into day again. The transition from one season to the next is gradual. New generations are born and old generations are extinguished as time progresses. Nature is characterized by a never-ending cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, despite the fact that our own lives appear to be linear. Consequently, it should come as no surprise that some ancient observers, looking at human existence’s apparent linearity, came to the conclusion that human life, like the natural world, could actually be more cyclical than linear.

  1. Image Gallery of Religious Symbols Reincarnation, also known as transmigration or metempsychosis, is the belief that the soul, or some component of the soul, is reincarnated into different bodies at various times throughout one’s life.
  2. This can happen depending on the faith or philosophy that one adheres to.
  3. Reincarnation is generally acknowledged by the main Eastern faiths, with Hinduism and Buddhism being the most famous examples.
  4. However, for those who are more familiar with the great monotheistic faiths – Christianity, Judaism, and Islam – the concept of reincarnation may appear unfamiliar and even bizarre at first.
  5. The quality of one’s afterlife is determined by the quality of one’s first step in life.

Reincarnation in Hinduism

The Hindu religion encompasses a wide range of beliefs and practices. Its members worship a wide variety of deities and celebrate a wide variety of customs. Though it is the world’s oldest living religion, Hinduism has come to terms with the concept of kama (reincarnation), which is a cycle of births and deaths that is linked through reincarnation. The law of karma is responsible for keeping samsara under control. Every individual, according to Hindu belief, accumulates karma during the course of his or her existence.

  1. Unlike gods, karma is not allocated or governed; rather, it is acquired by an individual and carried down through succeeding incarnations.
  2. Moksha is the ultimate and most important of the four basic Hindu aspirations.
  3. Contrary to popular belief, in order to reach moksha, you must make a conscious decision not to seek it.
  4. By escaping the cycle, a person no longer has to go through the sorrow and suffering of worldly existence, which is repeated countless times over again.
  5. In contrast to the conceptual Hindu understanding of karmic law, Jain believers believe that the soul acquires karma in the form of a physical object.
  6. Only when a soul is free of all karma can it quit the cycle of reincarnation and join other disembodied souls in a state of perfection.

Sikhism also believes in the concept of rebirth. The law of karma effects the quality of Sikh life in the same way as it does in Hinduism. The only way for Sikhs to break free from the cycle of birth and reincarnation is to attain perfect knowledge and become one with God.

Reincarnation in Buddhism

Reincarnation was an important part of Hindu belief when Buddhism was founded 2,500 years ago, according to historians. Despite the fact that Buddhism has two major subgroups and many variations in regional practices, the majority of Buddhists believe in samsara, or the cycle of reincarnation, according to the Buddhist tradition. It is controlled by the rule of karma: good behaviour results in good karma, while poor conduct results in evil karma in the world of Samsara. Buddhists believe that the soul’s karma transmigrates between bodies and manifests itself as a “germ of consciousness” in the womb during the birth process.

  • Buddhists, like Hindus, consider the condition of unenlightened samsara to be a state of pain.
  • Our only way out of samsara and into the realm of achievenirvana, or salvation, is to attaining a condition of complete passiveness and to remove oneself from all desire.
  • When an enlightened person follows the Eightfold Path, he or she embodies the following directives: correct perspective, correct intention, correct speech, correct action, proper livelihood, proper effort, proper mindfulness, and proper concentration.
  • TheBuddha Siddhartha Gautama, after reaching enlightenment, delivered his first sermon, in which he taught the Eightfold Path.
  • in a region that is now part of Nepal, enjoyed an expensive and wealthy upbringing.
  • When he saw that his hermitage was not bringing him any closer to enlightenment, Siddhartha chose to pursue the middle road – a condition of existence that is somewhere between excess and self-deprivation – as a means of achieving enlightenment.

Reincarnation in the Ancient Western World

Reincarnation is an important part of many Eastern faiths, and it was also preached in the ancient Western civilization. Mystery religions, which occasionally evolved into secularized social groups or fraternities, preached a vast variety of rebirth rites and beliefs, and they were practiced all over the world. Some of these early Greco-Roman faiths had an impact on the philosophy of notable intellectuals such as Plato, who were later inspired by them. Orphism was a prominent mystery religion that began in the sixth or seventh century B.C.

  1. Its adherents examined the alleged writings of Orpheus, a mythological character in the world of music.
  2. The soul, according to the Orphics, was divine and was imprisoned by the body.
  3. However, neither the afterlife nor the soul were immortal, and after a period of time, the soul would be reincarnated into a new body.
  4. The Pythagorean fraternity, another secret group located in southern Italy, was influenced by the Orphic concern in death and the afterlife, which originated in the Greek city of Athens.
  5. This conviction led to his adoption of a vegetarian diet.
  6. In addition to theological thinking, Pythagorean adherents pursued studies in astronomy, music theory, and, of course, geometrical principles.
  7. Plato believed that the Earth was encircled by seven planetary spheres and an eighth sphere of fixed stars, according to his theories.

The divine was located beyond the eighth sphere and was responsible for the creation of the cosmos. Planetary souls dropped to the ground and merged with bodies before making an attempt to liberate themselves and re-ascend to the heavens.

Reincarnation in Science

Reincarnation may seem commonplace to the more than 1.25 billion adherents of Hinduism and Buddhism, but it is not widely accepted by those who do not practice these Eastern religions. Western skepticism of reincarnation is linked to monotheistic religions’ emphasis on a single life, a single soul, and an active God who does not rely on karmic law to guide his or her actions. As a result of the occasional believer who claims to be Cleopatra or Elvis reincarnate, it’s not surprising that many people remain extremely skeptical of the soul’s ability to reincarnate multiple times.

  • Dr.
  • Stevenson established the Division of Personality Studies within the Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences at the University of Virginia.
  • Stevenson, who frequently referred to reincarnation as the “survival of personality after death,” believed that the existence of previous lives could be a possible explanation for the differences in human condition between generations.
  • A large portion of Stevenson’s reincarnation research was conducted on young children, typically between the ages of 2 and 5, who had unexplained phobias or detailed memories of a previous life.
  • He was capable of making startling connections between memories and people’s lives.
  • The late Stevenson studied approximately 2,500 cases over the course of approximately four decades, publishing his findings in technical books and articles.
  • The scientific community, despite Stevenson’s disclaimer, was largely unimpressed with his findings.

It was his inability to conduct control experiments, as well as the possibility of piecing together two lives based on coincidences rather than facts, that drew criticism for his research. This article was originally published on December 5, 2007.

Reincarnation FAQ

Reincarnation is a concept that has been adopted by a number of different faiths, philosophical schools, and political groups over the centuries. Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism are just a few of the main religions that hold this belief.

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Does the Bible mention reincarnation?

It is commonly believed that reincarnation does not occur in Christianity, and there are no Biblical verses that explain or support this idea.

What is the cycle of reincarnation?

Those who follow religions that believe in reincarnation believe that all life is a cycle consisting of the stages of birth, life, death, and rebirth. In Hinduism, this cycle is referred to as samsara.

Is reincarnation part of Buddhism?

Buddhism’s acceptance of reincarnation differs from tradition to tradition. The Buddhist concept of “Anatman,” which literally translates as “no soul” or “no self,” is important to the religion. This might also be interpreted as meaning that no portion of a person survives death, and hence reincarnation is not conceivable. Many other adherents of the faith, on the other hand, believe in the concept of individual reincarnation.

Does reincarnation have an end in Hinduism?

In Hinduism, the ultimate objective is moksha, also known as liberation from samsara, which signifies the end of rebirth. In order to do this, a Hindu must make an honest effort not to desire it. When a person has renounced all goals and ambitions, and accepted that their soul is the same as Brahman, the global soul or deity, then they have reached the state of salvation. In Hinduism, rebirth comes to an end in this manner.

Lots More Information

  • Tori Bosch is the author of this work. “Do I think I’m the Buddha?” “Buddhism,” published on December 27, 2007 in Slate. “Division of Perceptual Studies,” according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Eightfold Path,” a work by the University of Virginia. “Ian Stevenson Dies at the Age of 88
  • His Claims of Past Lives Have Been Investigated,” according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica and Fox, Margalit. The New York Times published an article about Hinduism on February 18, 2007. “Jainism,” according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Karma,” according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. “The Lessons of the Buddha,” according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. NPR (National Public Radio), January 23, 2006
  • Mims, Christopher “Do you recall a previous existence? It’s possible that you have a bad memory.” ‘Mystery Religion,’ according to Scientific American on March 30, 2007. “Myth,” according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Linda Pressly, Encyclopaedia Britannica, and others. “Many joyful returns,” says the author. Rabinowitz, Gavin (BBC News, December 15, 2004)
  • Rabinowitz, Gavin “Girl Born With 8 Limbs Is Aware of Her Situation, Smiles.” “Reincarnation,” according to the Associated Press on November 9, 2007 (AR2007110900295.html). “Religion and Ethics: Buddhism,” according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Religion and Ethics: Hinduism,” according to the BBC. “Religion and Ethics: Jainism,” according to the BBC. “Religion and Ethics: Sikhism,” according to the BBC. “Orpheus,” according to the BBC. “Time,” according to the Encyclopedia Mythica. Britannica, the world’s largest encyclopedia

25 percent of US Christians believe in reincarnation. What’s wrong with this picture?

At the beginning of this year, NBC’s nightly news broadcast featured an article about a child from the Midwest who believes he has come back to life as the reincarnation of a guy who died more than 50 years ago. Interview with Dr. Jim Tucker, associate professor of psychiatry and neurobehavioral sciences at the University of Virginia, who has investigated the cases of children, often between the ages of 2 and 6 years old, who claim to have memories of a previous life was included in the presentation.

  • The session was titled “What Buddhists, Hindus, and Sikhs Believe,” and it was held in English.
  • I couldn’t help but notice how the issue of reincarnation dominated the debate in my specific group, which served as a microcosm of the wider situation in America today, which I found fascinating.
  • This is a considerable departure from the conventional Judaeo-Christian narrative with which the majority of Americans of the baby-boomer generation grew up in the United States.
  • You made it.
  • And then there was a judgment, and you were either sent to heaven or hell for all time.
  • Every person’s fate in this life and in future lifetimes is decided by the effects of their acts in the past or present, whether they were good or evil (karma).
  • A cyclical concept of life has been believed by about a billion Hindus for thousands of years, and this belief is widespread.
  • You either live or die.
  • There is a yearning for a purposeful, moral, and just global order at the heart of the theory of reincarnation.
  • Instead, it believes in the transfer of karmic energy from one form to another upon death.

However, while Christianity’s view of salvation differs significantly from that of Hinduism and Buddhism, what all three religions have in common is a knowledge that release (salvation) is preceded by some form of cleansing. Purgatory is the term used by Catholics to refer to this place of torment.

The Bible and Reincarnation

Although the Bible makes no mention of reincarnation, there are various biblical texts that explain how a required cleansing takes place and whether we are allotted more than one existence in a given lifetime. The Christian view is stated in the Letter to the Colossians: “When you were dead in your trespasses. God raised you up with him (Christ) when he forgave us all of our transgressions, wiping away the record that stood against us with its legal demands.” It was nailing to the cross that he decided to put it aside” (2:13, 14).

If the record of all our transgressions has been completely wiped, there is no longer any reason for us to return again and time again in an attempt to remove the bad impressions on that record via our own efforts.

This is the primary message of the gospel.

At the center of Christian religion is the person of Jesus Christ.

Jesus’ response to the Galileans whose blood Pontius Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices, when asked about them, focuses squarely on the apparently popular belief that tragedy befell certain people as an undeserved punishment for previous misdeeds, which he describes as “unjust and unjustifiable.” He advises people not to blame their deaths to such causes, but rather to view these tragedies as a sobering reminder to those still living that they must repent.

  • The lack of tragedy should not be seen as a proof of innocence or approbation; rather, it should be interpreted as a gift of God’s compassion that provides further time for repentance and reconciliation (Lk 13:1-5).
  • The writings of St.
  • 3:20-28; Gal.
  • “For it is by grace that you have been saved through faith, and this is not your own doing; it is God’s gift to you—not the product of your deeds.” (See 2:8 in the New Testament.)
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Significant Divergences

Not only are there some significant differences between Christian, Hindu, and Buddhist perspectives on reincarnation and rebirth, but there is also a notable difference between, for example, the Hindu perspective on reincarnation and the one espoused by many contemporary Westerners in general, which is a viewpoint that is held by many contemporary Westerners. In Hinduism, for example, the cycle of reincarnation is commonly referred to as the “wheel of karma,” and it is considered to be a terrifying concept.

  • Although reincarnation is commonly associated with death, among North Americans and western Europeans, it is generally associated with a fresh and good opportunity.
  • The fact that it reflects our modern “buffet” attitude to life is maybe not surprising—the more variety and diversity I can include, the better and more intriguing this “dinner” will be!
  • There are various aspects where Christian religion obviously differs from ideas of reincarnation, and this has to be acknowledged more explicitly in the case of Christians in general.
  • Some faiths believe that time and history are in a constant state of cyclical return.
  • Revelation narrates the story of the end of time, which includes Christ’s second coming and the last judgment.
  • After then, everything we have known as time gives way to eternity, which is the union of the body and the spirit.

With another way of putting it, Christian religion holds that the body is inextricably bound up with the soul, but reincarnation holds that the soul is the one who continuously moves into new bodies, bringing no redemption to the previous body and just leaving it behind at each subsequent reincarnation.

  1. 8:23)—their release from the bonds of decay—as well as the presence of a “spirit-body” that is no longer bound to an earthly manner of existence—are all possible.
  2. Catholicism and Lutheranism laid down the gauntlet in their 1999 worldwide Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, thus putting an end to the debate at the core of the Reformation: How are we saved?
  3. They all agreed that our salvation is not the result of our own efforts, but rather is a gift from God as a result of his grace.
  4. Given this, neither a single life nor a series of lives can provide ultimate fulfillment.
  5. Suffering has a deeper meaning.
  6. Because of Jesus’ death, resurrection, and ascension to eternal life, we may place our faith in a personal God who is concerned about us and who is willing to stand with us in our suffering.
  7. The Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus.
  8. But at the heart of Christian faith is a true historical person who died and rose again in a glorified body, and who has the authority to share this new rising life with others.
  9. Christians saw a foreshadowing of their own future in Jesus’ resurrection.

Both are based on faith, which is defined as “the acceptance of things that cannot be seen.” Every occurrence that has a spiritual or religious component to it is interpreted with reference to some philosophical or theological understanding of human nature, as well as our origins and destinations.

There are many individuals in the Christian tradition who more or less embrace the concept of reincarnation, but who may have never given much attention to the ramifications of this belief for other elements of their faith.

Thomas Ryan is a writer who lives in Dublin, Ireland.

He is the author of the novel Thomas Ryan, which is based on the life of the Irish poet Thomas Ryan. In Washington, D.C., Thomas Ryan, C.S.P., is the director of the Paulist North American Office for Ecumenical and Interfaith Relations, which he founded.


Jainism is one of India’s three oldest ancient faiths, having origins dating back at least to the mid-first century B.C.E. It is one of the world’s most ancient religions. It is still regarded as a vital component of Indian culture today. To achieve enlightenment, according to Jainism, one must practice peace and avoid causing damage to living things (including plants and animals) to the greatest extent feasible. Jains, like Hindus and Buddhists, believe in the concept of rebirth. A person’s karma is what determines how many times they will be born, die, and reborn.

  1. Jains must adhere to ahimsa, a stringent ethic of nonviolence, in order to avoid accumulating negative karma.
  2. To adhere to the nonviolent concept, one must refrain from causing harm to individuals, plants, animals, or the environment.
  3. The veggies that grow above ground, on the other hand, are permissible for Jains to consume since they may be harvested while the rest of the plant remains intact.
  4. The religion of Jainism also includes four additional vows that lead believers: always tell the truth, do not steal, exercise sexual restraint (with celibacy as an ideal), and do not grow attracted to worldly possessions.
  5. 24 Jinas, also known as Tirthankaras, are revered by the Jain community as spiritual leaders who have reached enlightenment and have been freed from the cycle of reincarnation.
  6. He was born into the kshatriya (warrior) class, and his birth is conventionally attributed to 599 B.C.E., while many experts believe he was really born later.
  7. Vardhamana attained enlightenment after more than 12 years of hard fasting and meditation, and he was renamed Mahavira (which means “Great Hero” in Sanskrit).

The majority of Jain adherents now dwell in India, where the religion has upwards of four million adherents, according to estimates.

The Jains’ devotion to full nonviolence was something Mahatma Gandhi admired, and he adopted that concept into his struggle for Indian independence, even though he was born a Hindu.

Mahavira, also known as Vardhamana, was a tirthankara, or a religious leader who served as a teacher of the dharma.

Nonviolence is represented by the nouncode.

celibacy Avoiding all sexual interactions is a noun.

enlightenmentNouna state of spiritual or intellectual illumination.

and teaches that the soul may be liberated via the acquisition of correct knowledge, faith, and behavior.

nonviolence The ideology of eschewing physical force and influencing society via nonviolent protest is defined as follows: reincarnation Nounrebirth in new bodies or forms of lifereligionNouna system of spiritual or supernatural belief religionNouna system of spiritual or supernatural belief VegetarianNounA person who does not consume animal products.

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