- 1 The Five Basic Characteristics of Cultures – Video & Lesson Transcript
- 2 What is Culture?
- 3 Prompts About the Five Basic Characteristics of Culture:
- 4 What is Culture, Definition, Features & Characteristics of Culture
- 5 FeaturesCharacteristics of Culture
- 5.1 1. Culture is learned
- 5.2 2. Culture is social
- 5.3 3. Culture is shared
- 5.4 4. Culture is transmitted
- 5.5 5. Culture is continuous
- 5.6 6. Culture is accumulative
- 5.7 7. Culture is integrated
- 5.8 8. Culture is changing
- 5.9 9. Culture varies from society to society
- 5.10 10. Culture is responsive
- 5.11 11. Culture is gratifying
- 5.12 12. Linked with society
- 6 7 Major Characteristics of Culture That are Essential for Life
- 7 What Is Culture?
- 8 Exhibit 1-3, Common Characteristics of Culture
- 9 Common Cultural Characteristics
- 10 Rites of Initiation
- 11 Common History and Traditions
- 12 Common Values and Principles
- 13 Common Purpose and Sense of Mission
- 14 Common Symbols, Boundaries, Status, Language, and Rituals
- 15 What is Culture? Types and Characteristics
- 16 What is culture?
- 17 Types of Culture
- 18 Characteristics of culture
- 19 Elements of culture
- 20 Functions of culture
The Five Basic Characteristics of Cultures – Video & Lesson Transcript
Jason Nowaczyk is a writer who lives in the United States. Jason holds a master’s degree in educational psychology as well as a bachelor’s degree in history and a bachelor’s degree in philosophy. He’s worked as a high school and middle school teacher. Take a look at my bio Lesley Chapel is a woman who lives in the town of Lesley Chapel in the town of Lesley Chapel. Lesley has been a history professor at the university level for the past seven years, specializing in American and world history.
Take a look at my bio The habits, beliefs, and characteristics that a group of people share are referred to as their culture.
Examine the notion of culture and the ways in which it is learnt, shared, symbolic, integrated, and dynamic in order to better understand it.
What is Culture?
The term “culture” is one of those that we hear quite a lot, but what precisely does it mean? The term “culture” may be defined differently by various people depending on whether they are anthropologists or sociologists who specialize in culture. Despite the fact that several definitions of culture exist, many of them stress the same concepts and ideas. This lesson will define culture as the intricate totality of a civilization, which we will characterize as follows: As a result, everything that contributes to a society’s identity may be included, including things like language, beliefs, values, conventions, laws, food, and other aspects of daily life.
- In other words, the Mayan culture, which is no longer extant, has at least five fundamental qualities in common with contemporary American society.
- When we are born, we do not instantly know all of the values, language, beliefs, practices, and other aspects of our culture that have been accepted by our parents and grandparents.
- Culture is something that is learned.
- For example, we may learn when specific holidays occur in school, such as the fact that Christmas always falls on the 25th of December.
- Culture that is shared Culture is defined as a social construct by the very concept of culture.
- As a result, culture is widely shared.
- It is possible that certain aspects of a culture are shared by some groups but not by others, depending on the culture.
As a result, there is no universally accepted American culture. Smaller groups of people who selectively share some aspects of the overall culture but not others can form as a result of American culture.
Prompts About the Five Basic Characteristics of Culture:
Identify and describe at least five characteristics of culture. Although there are examples presented in the course, attempt to recollect as many as you can from memory or think up some of your own to add to the list. Provide the definition of culture as it relates to this lesson at the top of your list of things to do. Example:Dance.
Essay Prompt 1:
Compose an essay of roughly three to four paragraphs in length that outlines how culture is learnt and passed down through generations. Cultural learning may take place in a variety of ways, including schooling, peer relationships and even subconsciously. As one example:
Essay Prompt 2:
Write an essay of roughly three to four paragraphs in which you discuss the ways in which culture is interwoven and dynamic in society. As an illustration, many civilizations change over the course of decades and centuries, making them dynamic.
Graphic Organizer Prompt:
Incorporate the significance of symbols in culture into your poster, chart, or other sort of visual organizer. Symbols from many cultures should be included in your graphic organizer. As an illustration, traffic lights and the colors that correlate to them are cultural symbols since everyone in society understands what they imply.
Reflect on your own cultural experiences in an essay of around one to two pages in length, if possible. In order to illustrate the relevance of culture in your life, you must use at least three of the five fundamental features of culture. As an example, if you are an American, you will be celebrating the Fourth of July. While this is a holiday celebrated across the United States, some celebrate with fireworks while others celebrate with cookouts.
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What is Culture, Definition, Features & Characteristics of Culture
In a civilization, culture serves as the nerve center, and without culture, there is no such thing as a society. It is the most significant distinction between humans and other animals. It is a legacy that has been passed down from one generation to the next. It encompasses all of the ways and actions that are part of social life. Man is born into a cultural milieu, in which he searches for his own unique manner of behaving and functioning within a particular society. You may also learn about the consequences of ethnocentrism.
The concept of culture given by Horton and Hunt, “Culture is all that is socially shared and learnt by the members of a society,” says the Oxford Dictionary of Culture.
FeaturesCharacteristics of Culture
Some of the most essential features of culture have been listed below for your consideration.
1. Culture is learned
In a civilization, culture is not passed down biologically, but rather is passed down socially by man to other people. It is not an inborn propensity, but rather one that is acquired by man via the interaction with others, as is the case with drinking, eating, clothing, walking, acting, and reading, all of which are acquired by man through the association with others.
It is not a phenomenon that occurs in a single individual, but rather a product of society. It takes root in a culture as a result of social contact. It is shared by the man of the community in general. It is impossible for a guy to obtain it without the assistance of others. Only among men is a man considered to be a man. It contributes to the development of human characteristics in a social setting. Taking a man’s companionship away from him is equivalent to taking away his human characteristics.
Culture is something that everyone has in common. It is nothing that an individual may pass through, but rather something that is shared by the common people of an area. Customs, traditions, attitudes, and beliefs, for example, are all shared by men when they are in a social environment. These ideas and behaviors are shared by all people on an equal basis.
4. Culture is transmitted
Culture has the ability to be passed down from one generation to the following. Cultural qualities are passed on by parents to their children, who in turn pass them down to their children and sons and so on. It is not passed down through genetics, but rather through language. Language is a mode of communication that allows cultural qualities to be passed down from one generation to the next.
5. Culture is continuous
It is a process that is ongoing. It is analogous to a stream that flows from one generation to the next over the course of millennia. “Culture serves as the collective memory of the human race.”
6. Culture is accumulative
Culture is not something that can be measured in a month or a year. It is a constant process that involves the addition of new cultural characteristics. Many cultural qualities are stolen from other cultures and absorbed into the culture that adopts them, since culture is accumulative and combines the cultural traits that are most appropriate for the situation.
7. Culture is integrated
All components of culture are intertwined and interdependent on one another. The evolution of culture is the process of bringing together its many components. For example, morals, conventions, beliefs, and religion are all intertwined with the values system in one way or another.
8. Culture is changing
It is always evolving, but it is not stagnant. The cultural process is undergoing transformation. Society to society and generation to generation, on the other hand, progresses at different rates.
9. Culture varies from society to society
Every civilization has its own culture and set of norms for how people should behave. It does not occur in the same way everywhere, but rather in diverse ways in different communities. Every culture is distinct in that it is a particular society in its own right. For example, values, customs, traditions, philosophies, religion, belief, and behaviors are not the same in every culture, but are distinct from one another.
However, the manners in which people eat, drink, converse, greet, dress, and so on varies from one social circumstance to another at the same time.
10. Culture is responsive
Culture responds to changes in the physical environment by adapting to those changes. When it intervenes in the natural environment, it protects man from all risks and natural disasters. For example, our dwellings are responsible for providing us with shelter and safety from storms and severe rains.
11. Culture is gratifying
It offers fulfillment while also providing all of the opportunity for wants and aspirations to be met. These requirements may be biological or societal in nature, but it is the responsibility of the individual to meet them. Our requirements include food, housing, and clothes, while our wants are prestige, celebrity, money, and sex, to name a few examples, all of which are met in accordance with societal norms. According to the dictionary, it is described as the process by which human beings satisfy their needs.
12. Linked with society
Finally, but certainly not least, one of the characteristics of culture is that culture and society are indistinguishable from one another. However, it would not be incorrect to state that these turn two are identical twins. Society is made up of a collection of people who communicate with one another through it. Its purpose is to bring individuals together within a society.
7 Major Characteristics of Culture That are Essential for Life
Despite the fact that cultures differ in different places of the world, they all have some features and their fundamental aspects stay constant. What what is culture, and what are its distinguishing characteristics? What are the fundamental components of culture? Continue reading to find out the answers to the questions. Culture is something that can be learnt. It is a shared resource. It takes time to develop, is passed down from generation to generation, and is constantly changing. It is not possible to isolate it.
- These are the seven qualities of culture that are discussed in detail in this Historyplex page.
- Art, literature, clothes, conventions, language, and religion are all examples of how culture shows itself.
- Their ideas and moral values are also key components of their cultural heritage.
- In addition to cultural variations, people’s thoughts and life habits are diverse in their own ways as well.
- Culture is defined by the shared characteristics and beliefs that characterize a group’s way of thinking.
Every culture is shared by a group of people who, for the most part, live in the same region of the world. The place in which they reside, the geographical circumstances around them, the history of their nation, the belief system and values of its people, and the legacy that they are proud of all contribute to the formation of their cultural identity. Because they are shared by a group, these characteristics contribute to the development of a sense of togetherness and belonging among the members of that group.
Their literature and history are virtually identical.
Their personalities, which are shaped by their religious beliefs, have certain characteristics in common.
Their cultural heritage may have an impact on their employment and lives. Culture provides people with a sense of belonging and a sense of purpose. It is the property of a group of people rather than of a single individual. It is a shared resource.
Culture is learned.
Culture is not passed down from elder generations to younger generations in a biological manner. It is acquired by trial and error. The members of a culture are united by a set of ideas that guide their behavior. Future generations are taught to adhere to the same principles as their predecessors. Culture is passed down from generation to generation, with each generation adopting their ancestors’ ancient practices and traditions as a part of their own culture. The ideas on which they build their lives are ingrained in their society.
Generation after generation passes down the language, the literature, and the art forms that they have learned.
No one is born with a sense of belonging to a culture.
Cultures evolve throughout time in a gradual manner. Various beliefs change with time, some customs or rituals are abolished, people’s speech patterns and body language change, and as a result, their culture changes as well. As a result of migration and globalization, cultures are being mixed. When individuals from various regions of the world come together, they have an impact on one another’s cultures and, in certain cases, on their own cultures. These variables all contribute to the establishment of a multicultural society, and in some cases, the emergence of whole new civilizations.
- As a result of improved knowledge and awareness, younger generations have grown more adaptable to change and have a more liberal viewpoint on topics such as religion and culture, as opposed to a more conservative stance.
- People adopt some features of other cultures as a result of their exposure to a variety of other civilizations throughout the world.
- Social thinking, as much as culture, is undergoing a transformation.
- For example, previously, men were expected to work and generate money for their families, while women were expected to stay at home and care for their children.
- Many households have women who work outside the home while the males look after the children.
It is frequently observed that politically or economically stronger countries have an impact on cultures in other regions of the world, resulting in societal changes around the world. A good illustration of this is the effect of American and European civilizations on cultures in other nations.
Culture takes years to form.
It is true that culture has an impact on us, but it is equally true that we have an impact on our culture. Culture, on the other hand, develops through time and takes years to fully mature. It is not a collection of norms devised by one or more individuals and adhered to by successive generations. With the passage of time, a culture grows, and in the process, it changes as well. In a given region, the geographical location and climatic conditions have a direct impact on the living circumstances of the residents.
- When it comes to jobs and lifestyle, the topography of a place has a significant influence on the people that live there.
- Some traditions are formed for a specific cultural or political reason, or they are created for the benefit of the entire nation.
- Holidays, festivals, religious beliefs, and rituals are examples of such things.
- The history of a country has a significant impact on the development of its culture.
- When it comes to monarchy, each king has an impact on the culture of his or her subjects.
- Other countries that rule a nation have an influence on the culture of the people who live there.
Culture cannot be isolated.
Studies have revealed that no civilization can exist in isolation for an extended period of time. There isn’t a single social community on the planet that is fully cut off from the rest of the globe. Every culture is heavily impacted by the cultures of the locations in which it exists. Years ago, there were tribal tribes that lived in solitude, completely uninformed of the rest of the world outside their borders. Today, the majority of these formerly isolated communities are connected to the rest of the globe.
When individuals from surrounding nations interact with people from a certain country’s culture, the cultural values of that country are influenced.
A few instances of how cultures cannot be kept apart are trade between two nations, migration of people to various regions of the world, and travel for educational or recreational purposes.
Cultures that emerge at the same period or around the same time display similarities since they have evolved alongside one another. Some cultures come together to form a shared identity. No civilization can completely isolate itself from external influences.
Culture is essential.
Culture provides us with a sense of self. Our characters are shaped by the art and history that we are proud of, the literature that we read and learn from, our education, and our upbringing. It is embedded in our thoughts to pay attention to the world around us, to learn from our folk stories, and to listen to what our culture has to offer. Our thoughts and conduct are dictated by our cultural values and system of beliefs, which we hold to be true. Rituals and customs are a part of our everyday lives.
- The culture to which we belong has a significant impact on the way we conduct ourselves in society and the person we are as human beings.
- What exactly are the components of culture?
- Our religious beliefs, rituals and traditions, art, as well as our historical records, may all be called cultural aspects when evaluated collectively.
- We must consider all of these factors in order to progress as a whole as individuals.
Culture is transmitted across generations.
Cultural values are passed down from generation to generation in the form of symbols and stories that make them simpler to comprehend for younger generations. The beliefs held by a culture are manifested in the form of customs and rituals that individuals are expected to observe. Languages that are considered to be a component of culture are included into the educational system. Values and religious views are sometimes incorporated into the process as well. It is also passed down through generations the art, music, and dance forms that are considered to be characteristic of a particular culture.
- A few things may have been lost in translation, while others may have been omitted on purpose.
- This might potentially lead to the extinction of ancient cultures.
- You must first understand your culture in order to be proud of it and to appreciate its lessons.
- It is critical to understand your history since it has influenced your present and will continue to affect your future.
What Is Culture?
The image is courtesy of Getty Images/Saha Entertainment. Culture is defined as the features and knowledge of a certain group of people, and it includes language, religion, food, social behaviors, music, and the arts, among other things. Cultural patterns, interactions, cognitive constructs, and comprehension are defined by theCenter for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition as common patterns of behavior and interaction that are learnt via socialization, according to the Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition As a result, culture may be defined as the development of a group identity that is influenced by social patterns that are exclusive to the group.
The anthropologist Cristina De Rossi of Barnet and Southgate College in London told Live Science that culture encompasses “religion, food, what we wear, how we wear it, our language, marriage, music, what we believe is right or wrong, how we sit at the table, how we greet visitors, how we behave with loved ones, and a million other things.” “Culture encompasses religion, food,” she said.
According to Arthur Asa Berger, the word “culture” comes from a French phrase that, in turn, comes from the Latin word “colere,” which meaning to tend to the ground and flourish, or to cultivate and nourish, or to cultivate and nurture.
As De Rossi explained, “it shares its origin with a number of other terms that are associated with actively supporting development.”
The fall of the Roman Empire had a significant impact on Western civilization. The image is courtesy of Chase Dekker Wild-Life Images/Getty Images. ) In recent years, according to Khan University, the phrase “Western culture” has come to refer to the cultures of European nations as well as those countries that have been extensively impacted by European immigration, such as the United States. Western culture may be traced back to the Classical Period of the Greco-Roman era (the fourth and fifth centuries B.C.) and the development of Christianity in the fourteenth century as its origins.
- Throughout the past 2,500 years, a slew of historical events have contributed to the development of Western culture.
- 476, paved the way for the development of a succession of often-warring nations in Europe, each with its own culture, after which the Middle Ages began.
- According to Ohio State University historian John L.
- As a result of elites being compelled to pay more for scarce labor, survivors in the working class have gained more influence.
- Today, Western culture can be found in practically every country on the planet, and its influences may be traced back to its origins.
Buddhism has a significant role in the civilizations of various Eastern countries. Three Buddhist monks are seen here on their way to the Angkor Wat temple. The image is courtesy of Getty Images/Saha Entertainment. Far East Asian culture (which includes China, Japan, Vietnam, North Korea, and South Korea) and the Indian subcontinent are commonly referred to as Eastern culture in general. When compared to Western culture, Eastern culture was highly impacted by religion throughout its early history, but the cultivation and harvesting of rice had a significant impact on its evolution as well, according to a study report published in the journal Rice in 2012.
This umbrella term, on the other hand, encompasses a vast array of traditions and histories.
Thus, Hinduism rose to prominence as a significant force in Indian culture, while Buddhism continued to have an impact on the cultures of both China and Japan.
In the case of Chinese Buddhism, for example, according to Jiahe Liu and Dongfang Shao, the philosophy of Taoism, which stresses compassion, frugality, and humility, was taken.
During the period 1876 to 1945, for example, Japan ruled or occupied Korea in various forms. A large number of Koreans were coerced or compelled to change their surnames to Japanese ones during this period according to History.com, which describes the situation as follows:
Da de los Muertos costumes for children in traditional attire (Image courtesy of Getty/Sollina Images.). The geographical territory that encompasses “Latin culture” is large and diverse. For the sake of this definition, Latin America is comprised of the regions of Central America, South America and Mexico where Spanish or Portuguese is the main language. Beginning in the 1400s, Spain and Portugal colonized or influenced a number of locations across the world, including those listed above. Some historians (such as Michael Gobat, “The Invention of Latin America: A Transnational History of Anti-Imperialism, Democracy, and Race,” American Historical Review, Vol.
- Because of this, Latin cultures are extremely diverse, and many of them combine indigenous customs with the Spanish language and Catholicism brought by Spanish and Portuguese invaders to form hybrid cultures.
- These impacts are particularly evident in Brazil and the countries of the Western Hemisphere’s Caribbean region.
- A notable example is Da de los Muertos, also known as Day of the Dead, which is a celebration dedicated to commemorating the fallen that is observed on November 1st and 2nd.
- According to the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Mexican immigrants to the United States carried the festival with them, and in the 1970s, artists and events focused attention on Da de los Muertos as a way of expressing their Chicano (Mexican-American) ancestry.
Middle Eastern culture
A family from the Middle East sits down to supper together (Photo courtesy of Getty/Jasmin Merdan). The Middle East is roughly defined as the area including the Arabian peninsula as well as the eastern Mediterranean region. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the North African countries of Libya, Egypt, and Sudan are also occasionally mentioned. The word “Middle Eastern culture” is another umbrella term that incorporates a wide range of cultural customs, religious beliefs, and everyday routines from all around the Middle East and North Africa.
- Despite the fact that there is tremendous religious variety in the Middle East, Islam is the religion with the greatest number of adherents, and Islam has played a key part in the cultural development of the region.
- According to the Metropoliton Museum, the death of the religion’s founder, Muhammad, in 632, was a watershed event in the development of Middle Eastern culture and civilization.
- Consequently, a split developed between Shia Muslims, who held the value of bloodline in high regard, and Sunni Muslims, who held that leadership should not be passed down through the familial lineage.
- Their rites and customs differ somewhat from one another, and the divisions that exist between the two groups frequently lead to conflict.
Areas that were once part of the Ottoman Empire are known for distinctive architecture that is influenced by Persian and Islamic styles.
African woman from the Maasai tribe, sitting with her infant close to her home in the African country of Kenya (Photo courtesy of hadynyah/Getty Images.) ) Africa has the longest history of human habitation of any continent: it has been inhabited since the beginning of time. According to the Natural History Museum in London, humans started there approximately 400,000 years ago and began to spread to other parts of the world around the same time period. Researchers led by Dr. Tom White, who works as a Senior Curator of Non-Insect Invertebrates at the Smithsonian Institution, were able to find this by analyzing Africa’s ancient lakes and the species that lived in them.
- African culture differs not just across and within country borders, but also inside those borders.
- According to Culture Trip, Nigeria alone has more than 300 tribes, which is a significant number.
- Because of this, large urban centers sprung up along the Eastern coast, which were frequently linked together by the transportation of raw resources and commerce from landlocked portions of the continent.
- According to Britannica, Northwest Africa has significant linkages to the Middle East, whereas Sub-Saharan Africa shares historical, geographical, and social traits with North Africa that are considerably distinct from those of the former.
- The traditions of these cultures developed in a variety of contexts that were vastly diverse.
- Maasai herders, on the other hand, herd their sheep and goats on broad pastures and rangelands.
What is cultural appropriation?
Cultural appropriation, according to the Oxford Reference dictionary, is defined as follows: “A phrase used to describe the taking over of creative or artistic forms, concepts, or practices by one cultural group from another.” A non-Native American wearing a Native American headdress as a fashion item would be one example of this practice. The fashion house Victoria’s Secret was highly condemned in 2012 after a model was dressed in a headdress that looked like a Lakota war bonnet, according to the newspaper USA Today.
As well as jewelry influenced by Zuni, Navajo, and Hopi styles from the desert Southwest, the model wore turquoise, demonstrating how cultural appropriation can group tribes with vastly distinct cultures and histories into a single stereotypical image through the usage of turquoise.
Sikh restaurateur and social media influencer Harjinder Singh Kukreja responded to Gucci on Twitter, noting that the Sikh Turban is “not a hip new accessory for white models, but rather an object of religion for practicing Sikhs.” Turbans have been worn as ‘hats’ by your models, although practicing Sikhs knot their turbans properly fold-by-fold.
“Using imitation Sikh turbans and turbans is as bad as selling fake Gucci merchandise.”
One thing is clear about cultures, no matter how they appear on the surface: they change. According to De Rossi, “Culture appears to have become important in our linked globe, which is made up of so many ethnically different nations, but which is also rife with conflicts related with religion, ethnicity, ethical values, and, fundamentally, the aspects that make up culture.” “Culture, on the other hand, is no longer set, if it ever was. In its essence, it is fluid and in perpetual motion.” Consequently, it is impossible to characterize any culture in a singular manner.
- A body known as the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has been established by the United Nations to identify cultural and natural heritage as well as to conserve and safeguard it.
- It was signed by UNESCO in 1972 and has been in force since since.
- Stephanie Pappas is a contributing writer for Live Science, where she writes on a variety of subjects ranging from geology to archaeology to the human brain and psychology.
- Her undergraduate degree in psychology came from the University of South Carolina, and her graduate certificate in scientific communication came from the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Exhibit 1-3, Common Characteristics of Culture
This section contains instances of features that are similar to all cultures but that distinguish them from one another. Although not every cultural group will define or approve every item on this list, the majority of cultural groupings will defend the most frequent qualities, which are as follows: a.
- Identity formation (including various identities and one’s own self-concept)
- A ritual or rite of passage (a set of ceremonies or rites that commemorate a person reaching a certain developmental milestone)
- The importance of sex and sexuality in general
- Images, symbols, and mythologies are all used in this work. The study of religion and spirituality
- Power and authority are viewed, used, and derived from a variety of sources. The role of language and how it is used (directly or indirectly)
- Ceremonies, festivities, and customs are all examples of this. Modalities of learning, as well as the development of information and abilities Individual differences in pattern of interpersonal interaction (culturally unique behaviour)
- Prejudices, preconceptions, and expectancies of others are all examples of assumptions. Systems of recognition or prestige (in the sense of achievement, role models, or heroes)
- Migration trends and geographic location are important considerations. Punishment and sanction are concepts that are discussed. Support networks, external ties, and organizational structures are examples of social groups. Perspectives on the status and function of children and families
- Gender roles and relationships: patterns and viewpoints on men and women
- Trust, credibility, and legitimacy are established via the use of proper processes (see below). The use of coping habits and methods to mediate conflict or solve difficulties
- Information, attitudes, and ideas are acquired and validated through a variety of sources. The group’s or individual’s perspective on the past and future, as well as their feeling of their role in society and the world
- History and other prior conditions that have led to a group’s current economic, social, and political standing within the larger culture, as well as the experiences involved with the development of specific ideas, norms, and values are all considered.
American Psychological Association (APA) 1990; Center for Substance Abuse Prevention 1994; Charon 2004; Dogra and Karim 2010; American Psychological Association (APA) 1990. Introduction to Cultural Competence (from:1, Cultural Competence) Increasing one’s cultural competency. 59th in the Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series of protocols. The Center for Substance Abuse Treatment is a facility dedicated to the treatment of substance abuse (US). The NCBI Library’s bookshelf. The National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, provides this service as a public service.
Common Cultural Characteristics
- Be able to define the term “common cultural features” and provide many instances of such qualities in your own life
Even though we may be members of a variety of distinct cultures, we have a tendency to stick to certain of them more than others. It’s possible that you’ve been acquainted with a number of your fellow students as you’ve progressed through your college courses. As you take more and more of the same classes and have more and more experiences on campus, you begin to have more and more in common, resulting in the formation of a small group culture distinct from the rest of the university. Coworkers may go through a similar cultural formation process in the workplace, where they spend several hours each week discussing work experiences and getting to know one another socially as a result of their shared experiences.
What is the process of becoming a member of a community, and how do you know when you are a complete member of that community?
Many of the qualities that distinguish civilizations have been recognized by researchers who have examined cultures all around the world. These qualities are exhibited in different ways in different cultures, but they are generally found in virtually all of them. Let’s have a look at them.
Rites of Initiation
Cultures typically have a ceremony for welcoming new members into their fold. A newcomer begins as a nonentity, a stranger, an unaffiliated individual who has no relationship to, or even awareness of, the community in which they have arrived. Newcomers who stay and grow acquainted with the culture are welcomed as members. Most cultures have a rite of passage that marks the passage of an individual into the community; some of these rituals may be so informal that they are hardly noticed (for example, the first time a coworker invites you to join the group for lunch), while others may be highly formalized (for example, the first time a coworker asks you to join the group for lunch together) (e.g., the ordination of clergy in a religion).
- The nonmember becomes a member, the new member becomes a full member, and people advance in their positions of responsibility and influence as a result of their membership.
- People are still active in the maintenance, repair, and development of the system, even though sales and inventory are handled by servers that connect database platforms to flow systems and other systems.
- You have undoubtedly went through countless rites of passage during your life, although you may not have realized it at the time.
- These three popular markers in North American society signify the transition from a previous stage of life to a new one, which comes with new rights and duties as a result.
- You were allowed to drive a tractor, use farm equipment, operate a motor vehicle during daylight hours, and have full access to public roads when you were fourteen to eighteen years old, depending on your state and location (rural versus urban).
- It is your job to get familiar with the meaning of traffic signs and signals, as well as to adhere to traffic regulations for the sake of everyone’s safety.
- The public is put in risk when persons choose to ignore a stop sign or accidently miss one.
Some may contend that law enforcement serves some while prosecuting others, and that this is unfair.
Rituals of passage into adulthood These indicate a change in the individual’s function or standing within the group, and are denoted by a transition symbol.
If getting around the physical area on your first day on the job was difficult, learning how to communicate with your coworkers was the real problem.
However, your diploma merely allows you to hunt for a job and gain entry into a new society.
The new hire may be assigned a difficult account, an office with no windows, or a cubicle near to the restroom, all of which indicate a low social position.
Over time, the individual becomes an integral component of the organization, serving as a “keeper of the flame.” Although the “flame” may not exist in physical space or time, it does exist in the thoughts of those members of the community who have put in the necessary time and effort to grow the business and its reputation.
While on the journey, there may be personality conflicts as well as power fights over resources and the perception of lack of resources (e.g., there is only one promotion and everyone wants it). All of these difficulties are to be expected in any cultural setting.
Common History and Traditions
Consider the history of a company such as Ford Motor Company for a moment. What are your connections with Henry Ford, the assembly line production system, or the Model T automobile? Or perhaps the early years of McDonald’s franchise? Do mental imagery of the “golden arches” emblem, Ronald McDonald, or the Big Mac burger elicit an emotional response in you? Growing and expanding organizations have traditions that are passed down from generation to generation, with stories recounted and replayed to teach new members on how business should be handled.
When an organization is growing and adapting to new market dynamics, the remark “we’ve done it before” can become a stumbling barrier for members of the company.
Common Values and Principles
Cultural traditions are all based on beliefs and concepts that are widely shared and passed down from older to younger (or newer) generations of individuals. Because a knowledge of these values and principles is related with time and duration of commitment, new members, whether they are socialized at home, in school, or at work, may not have a comprehensive appreciation of their significance. In the case of the McDonald’s firm, time (quick customer service) and cleanliness are two of the company’s fundamental principles.
In the absence of reinforcement, social norms may gradually shift, and if this were to occur, it would have the potential to significantly alter the McDonald’s customer experience in a significant way.
Common Purpose and Sense of Mission
A shared sense of purpose and mission may be found throughout cultures. What is our purpose in being here, and who are we here to serve? The answers to these fundamental concerns about the human condition have been studied by philosophers and theologians all across the world for hundreds of years. These questions are frequently answered in the context of business by referring to the organization’s purpose and mission, which can be found in the mission and vision statements of practically every organization.
The mission and vision statements are little more than a collection of words if they are not followed through on.
Common Symbols, Boundaries, Status, Language, and Rituals
Most of us understand what a stop sign signifies early in childhood, but how many of us know what military stripes on a sleeve, a ten-year service badge on a lapel, or a corner office with two windows represent? Cultures have common symbols that distinguish them as a group; understanding what a sign represents helps to cement the distinction between who is a member of the group and who is not. You could have a brand from your fraternity on your arm, or you might be wearing a college ring—symbols that indicate clubs that you are temporarily affiliated with while you are a student.
- The attire of different cultures, such as the Western business suit and tie, the Scottish kilt, or the Islamic hijab, are cultural emblems.
- The slogan may have a commercial function, but it may also represent a goal or purpose that is shared by the entire organization.
- Symbols can also be used to convey information about one’s position and status within a group.
- An individual holding a position of superiority is entitled to an elevated physical location, such as a throne or a dais, from which to address subordinates in most civilizations across the world.
- When it comes to business, the corner office may have the greatest view while also providing the most room.
- The office is necessary for our consideration of the second topic, which is about boundaries.
- The vast majority of individuals say they would not, because doing so would express a lack of respect, violate normative space norms, and attract retaliatory behavior.
It indicates more than a lack of respect for authority when a less-than-flattering image of the boss taken at an office party is displayed on the recreational room bulletin board.
Someone who is determined to be responsible for the prank may be forced to move from their cubicle to the broom closet as a consequence of the investigation.
Communities each have their own terminology and style of communicating with one another.
If they were to switch places, not only would a lack of skills be a hindrance, but a lack of awareness of terminology, how they are used, and what they imply would also significantly restrict their ability to do their duties.
While a textbook can be useful, it cannot demonstrate its effectiveness in real-world situations.
Cultures have different ways of honoring heroes and demonizing criminals, as well as different ways of fulfilling occupations and activities.
It can be confined to a small group of people or celebrated throughout the entire corporation.
The manner in which the automobile is accepted is ceremonial, acknowledging current accomplishment while also commemorating previous successes across the corporation.
Institutions have a tendency to standardize procedures and then have a difficult time adjusting to changing conditions.
Individuals and businesses might find it challenging to adapt and change, yet all communities, cultures, and communication environments are dynamic, meaning that they are always changing and evolving.
Whatever we wish for things to remain the same, they will always change—and we will change along with (and be changed by) them in the process.
initiations, traditions, history, values and principles; a purpose; symbols; and borders are just a few of the features that all cultures share.
- Compile a list or a set of photographs of symbols that represent some of the cultural groups to which you belong that represent some of the symbols in your list or group of pictures. Your list should be shared and discussed with your peers. Compose a list of images or symbols that your organization or community considers to be objectionable. Compare and contrast with your classmates
What is Culture? Types and Characteristics
As a general concept, culture may be defined as the set of social norms and behaviors that are widespread in human civilization. It also entails learning the customs, beliefs, values, symbols, knowledge, talents, habits, and arts of a specific social group, nation, or people through the learning processes of that group, nation, or people. Culture is developed behavior that is handed down from one generation to the next through imitation and communication, with and without any conscious thinking on the part of the receiver.
What is culture?
In a particular civilization, culture refers to the acceptable patterns of behavior and conduct. The Bible is, in reality, a compilation of principles that instructs everyone on topics such as language, how to dress, and even how to conduct and interact, what is good and wrong, about religion, food, marriage, and a plethora of other minor and large issues. Culture is sometimes referred to as symbolic communication, and it is something that is taught and passed down through generations in order to make it easier to recognize members of one group from members of another.
Culture contributes to the formation of social ties, the disruption of social order, and the shaping of our everyday behaviors in society.
Types of Culture
The following are the numerous sorts of culture: 1. Material Culture (also known as ‘Material Culture’) Material culture is a sort of culture that is fundamental to understanding human perception and behavior. It refers to the material or physical things and resources that individuals utilize to shape their perceptions and behaviors. It includes retail outlets, products and services, tools, factories, offices, religious buildings such as temples, mosques, and churches, as well as social infrastructures such as the education system, housing, and health, economic infrastructures such as energy capabilities, transportation, and financial infrastructures such as insurance, banking, and a variety of other things, amongst others.
- Another sort of culture is non-material culture, which refers to individuals’ non-physical concepts that they have in their minds.
- It encompasses language, morality, conventions, regulations, values, and beliefs, among other things.
- The company’s culture The corporate culture of a company refers to the culture that prevails in the organization’s workplace.
- The importance of multicultural culture is highlighted by the fact that the Community calendar contains activities and festivals representing several ethnicities.
- Popular culture is another important consideration.
- It covers the best-selling books, the most popular songs on the charts, and so forth.
6. Experiencing a different culture When a person travels to another nation and comes across people who talk, dress, interact, conduct, and eat in a manner that is different from his own, this is referred to as encountering a foreign culture.
Characteristics of culture
The following are some of the numerous features of culture:
1. Culture is abstract
Even if it is impossible to perceive culture, it may be seen via human behavior when it occurs in a predictable or systematic manner. It resides in the habits and brains of humans, and it is frequently referred to as a distinct style of thinking and doing things in a particular situation. 2. Culture is acquired behavior, as opposed to natural behavior. Most of our behavior is learnt, yet there are certain aspects of our personality that we take up without even realizing it. The words conscious and unconscious learning are used to distinguish between the learning processes as a result of this distinction.
- It is a common fallacy that people’s attitudes, values, and alternatives are entirely their own.
- Various components of culture are shared unequally by different people.
- Material artifacts are considered to be part of culture.
- Culture is idealistic in that it strives to achieve perfection.
- Culture is a living thing that may be passed down from generation to generation.
For this generation, it becomes able to comprehend the complexities of the culture passed down from generation to generation through language, imitation, and education.
Culture is passed down from generation to generation.
In most circumstances, it is passed down from generation to generation, while in certain cases, it is passed down by contemporaries.
Every society has its own culture, which will differ from the culture of another community.
Regardless of whether change occurs at a rapid rate in certain cultures or at a more leisurely pace in others, change is inevitable.
Language is utilized in the development of culture.
Members of a certain group are united by their understanding of the language used by that group.
The culture of one location will come into touch with the cultures of other places, and the interaction will result in the exchange of ideas that will bring about changes in both places.
Culture is rewarding in that it provides a sense of accomplishment. One of the most important characteristics of culture is that it provides an abundance of chances for humans to meet their social and biological requirements.
Elements of culture
The following are some examples of cultural elements: Languages are number one. In all civilization, language is the first and most important part. It is the vehicle that is utilized to communicate knowledge, ideas, and information from one person to another. It facilitates direct communication with others and allows for a more complete grasp of any given circumstance. Symbols are number two. There are symbols in every culture that are utilized as a way of nonverbal communication, and some of them even represent gestures and emotions.
- Another part of culture is norms, which varies from one culture to the next since different cultures have different norms.
- The formal norm is represented by laws, and it refers to the collection of rules of behavior that are the most important in any given community to follow.
- Values are the fourth point to mention.
Each company has its own culture, which includes how it uses facilities, how it is laid up physically, and other factors.
11.Behavioralnorms Behavioral norms are one of the most important components of any civilization.
Celebrations – This feature serves to reinforce the assumptions and cultural values of a company or group of companies.
Functions of culture
The following are some of the numerous functions of culture:
- Culture distinguishes two organizations from one another in a meaningful way. The workplace culture encourages employees to be dedicated to their jobs. Culture contributes to the long-term stability of a social structure. Employees’ suitable standards of behavior and attitude in the workplace are provided by the organization’s culture. Employees working in a company develop a distinct sense of self as a result of their organizational culture. Goals, values, and attitude are defined by culture.
Conclusion In a society, culture is an expression that conveys information about its members’ practices and aims as well as its morals, values, attitudes, and worldview.
This complicated idea has an influence on many parts of human existence, both directly and indirectly, and provides us with a sense of belonging.