- 1 Urine Culture
- 2 Why It Is Done
- 3 How To Prepare
- 4 How It Is Done
- 5 How It Feels
- 6 Risks
- 7 Results
- 8 Credits
- 9 What You Need to Know About Urine Cultures
- 10 What Do I Do for a Urine Culture?
- 11 What Happens Next?
- 12 When Will I Get My Results?
- 13 Urine Culture: Purpose, Results & What To Expect
- 13.1 What is the purpose of a urine culture?
- 13.2 Who needs a urine culture?
- 13.3 What is the difference between a urine culture test and urinalysis?
- 13.4 Can a urine culture detect a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?
- 13.5 Can a urine culture detectE. coli?
- 13.6 Can a urine culture detectStreptococcus(strep) infections?
- 14 Test Details
- 15 Results and Follow-Up
- 16 Urine Culture
- 17 Urine Culture: How the Test Works
- 18 What is a Urine Culture Sample?
- 19 Urine Test: Routine Culture (for Parents)
- 20 Urine culture: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
- 21 Bacteria Culture Test: MedlinePlus Medical Test
- 22 What is it used for?
- 23 Why do I need a bacteria culture test?
- 24 Why do I have to wait so long for my results?
- 25 Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test?
- 26 Are there any risks to the test?
- 27 What do the results mean?
- 28 Is there anything else I should know about a bacteria culture?
- 29 References
- 30 Urine Culture Results, follow up, how long does it take to get the results, we will call if it is positive
A urine culture is a test that is used to identify microorganisms (such as bacteria) in the urine that may be responsible for the ailment. It is possible for bacteria to enter the urinary tract and produce an infection of the urinary tract (UTI). It is necessary to add a sample of urine to a chemical that encourages the development of germs. If no germs appear to be growing, the culture is considered negative. If germs proliferate, the culture is said to be positive. It is possible to determine the kind of germ by using a microscope or chemical testing.
This may be due in part to the fact that the female urethra is shorter and closer to theanus than the male.
Men also have an antibacterial substance in their prostate gland that helps to reduce their chance of developing prostate cancer.
Why It Is Done
When a urine culture is performed, it may be determined whether symptoms such as discomfort or burning when peeing are caused by a urinary tract infection (UTI). The test can also be used to detect the origin of a UTI, assist in determining the most effective therapy for a UTI, and assess whether the treatment has been effective.
How To Prepare
You will need to obtain a urine sample for testing purposes. You will need to consume enough water and refrain from peeing in order to be able to provide a urine sample. Because bacterial counts will be greater in the first pee of the day, the first urine of the day is the best. It is best not to urinate just before taking this test.
How It Is Done
It is possible that you will be requested to collect a clean-catch midstream urine sample for testing purposes.
Clean-catch midstream urine collection
This approach aids in protecting the urine sample from germs that are generally located on the penis or vaginal area of the subject.
- Before collecting the pee, wash your hands well. If the collecting cup has a lid, carefully remove it from the cup. Place the lid on the table with the inside surface facing up. Don’t let your fingertips come into direct contact with the interior of the cup
- Make sure the region surrounding your genitals is clean.
- Men should retract their foreskin if they have one, and wipe the head of their penis with medicated towelettes or swabs
- Women should spread open the vaginal folds of skin with one hand
- And men should retract their foreskin if they have one. Then she can use her other hand to wipe the region surrounding the urethra with medicated towelettes or swabs, which will relieve the pain. Ideally, she should clean the region from front to back in order to prevent bacteria from the anus from spreading over the urethra.
- Begin urinating into a toilet or urinal as soon as possible. While urinating, a lady should keep her vaginal folds apart
- Once the urine has flowed for several seconds, she should insert the collecting cup into the urine stream. Collect approximately 2 fl oz (59 mL) of urine without interfering with the flow of the urine. Move the cup out of the way of the urine flow. Do not allow the rim of the cup to come into contact with your genital area. It is not acceptable to have toilet paper, pubic hair, stool (feces), menstrual blood, or anything else in the urine specimen. Complete your urination into the toilet or urinal. Replace the lid on the cup with care and tighten it down. Then you should return the cup to the laboratory. If you collect the urine at home and are unable to make it to the lab within an hour, place it in the refrigerator.
Other collection methods
In order to obtain a urine sample, a health practitioner must insert a urinary catheter into the bladder of the patient. This procedure is often used to collect urine from a patient in the hospital who is severely unwell or who is unable to give a clean-catch sample using the traditional method. The use of a catheter to collect a urine sample lowers the likelihood of microorganisms from the skin or vaginal region becoming contaminated with the urine sample. It is possible to collect a urine sample from a tiny toddler or infant by utilizing a specific plastic bag that has been taped shut around the entrance (a U bag).
The bag is then carefully removed from the body.
(This procedure is referred to as a suprapubic tap.)
How long the test takes
It will only take a few minutes to complete the exam.
How It Feels
In most cases, there is no discomfort or suffering associated with this test.
There are no known dangers associated with undergoing this test.
The findings of a urine culture are normally available in one to three days. Some bacteria, on the other hand, take longer to proliferate in the culture. As a result, it is possible that results will not be accessible for many days.
|Normal:||No bacteria or other germs (such asfungi) grow in the culture. The culture result isnegative.|
|Abnormal:||Organisms (usually bacteria) grow in the culture. The culture result ispositive.|
As of September 23, 2020, the information is current. Author:Healthwise StaffMedical Review: E. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal MedicineE. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal Medicine Dr. Adam Husney is a Family Medicine specialist. Dr. Elizabeth T. Russo specializes in Internal Medicine. As of September 23, 2020, the information is current. Written by a member of the Healthwise teamMedical Review: E. Gregory Thompson, MD, Internal Medicine Dr. Adam Husney is a Family Medicine specialist. Dr. Elizabeth T.
What You Need to Know About Urine Cultures
Your doctor informs you that an aurine culture will be performed. It’s a test to see if you have any germs or bacteria in your pee that might cause an infection of the urinary system (UTI). The urinary system is made up of the kidneys, the bladder, and the tubes that transport your urine (ureters and the urethra). In most cases, an infection begins in the bladder or urethra (the tube your pee comes out of). However, it has the potential to impact any aspect of the system. Infections can cause a burning sensation when you pee, which can be quite uncomfortable.
Having a fever and stomach ache may indicate a more serious infection, so seek medical attention immediately.
What Do I Do for a Urine Culture?
You have to pee in a cup. It appears to be straightforward, and it is. Simply ensure that you get a “clean” urine sample to ensure that any germs identified in it are from an illness in your urinary system and not from another source, such as your skin, before proceeding. Here’s how to go about it:
- Wash your hands
- s Wipe the area surrounding where you peewith the cleaning pad handed to you. If you’re a woman, spread the outer lips of yourvaginaand clean from front to back. Men should wipe the tip of theirpenis
- s Pee a bit in the toilet first and stop. Don’t pee in the cup immediately away. Then, collect about 1 or 2 ounces in the cup. Make sure the container doesn’t touch your skin. Finish peeing on the toilet. This is called a “midstream” urine capture
- Wash your handsagain
Some people may require the collection of their sample with the use of a catheter, which is a tiny tube that is inserted into your urethra and into your bladder. This is accomplished with the assistance of a health-care professional. The sample is put in a new, clean container after being cleaned.
What Happens Next?
Your sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis. Some of your urine is collected in a petri plate and kept at room temperature. Any bacteria or yeast present in the sample will reproduce and increase over the course of the following several days. The germs will be examined under a microscope by a lab technician. The different varieties are distinguished by their size, shape, and color. The lab technician will keep track of how many are growing. If it is a real illness, one species of bacteria will generally dominate the situation.
If the culture does not contain any hazardous microorganisms, it is referred to be “negative.” If there are harmful microorganisms developing, this is considered “positive.” E-coli, a kind of bacteria that lives in your intestines, is the most common cause of urinary tract infections.
More testing may be performed in the lab to determine which medications have the highest chance of combating the illness.
When Will I Get My Results?
Your doctor’s office will contact you within one to three days. They’ll go through the results with you when they’re done. If you have an illness, you will almost certainly be prescribed antibiotics. If this is the case, make certain you complete the total amount specified. The majority of the time, the infection subsides. However, it is possible that it will return, especially if you are a sexually active woman. In young women, sexual contact increases the likelihood of contracting an infection.
It is important that you take your medication in the manner prescribed by your doctor.
Urine Culture: Purpose, Results & What To Expect
A urine culture test examines a sample of urine for the presence of germs (microorganisms) that might cause illness. Urine is the liquid waste produced by your body (pee). Growing microorganisms such as bacteria and yeast in a laboratory setting is referred to as culture in medical terminology. A urine sample is supplemented with growth-promoting chemicals in a laboratory. If bacteria or yeast (a fungus) are present, they begin to reproduce and spread. An infection in your urinary system is indicated by the presence of this growth.
What is the purpose of a urine culture?
Urine cultures are ordered by healthcare professionals to screen for urinary tract infections (UTIs). A urinary tract infection (UTI) can arise when bacteria enter your urethra, which is the tube that transports urine from your body. UTIs are most commonly caused by bacteria in your bladder (the organ that holds urine). They have the potential to spread to your kidneys (the organs responsible for the production of urine) or your prostate. A urine culture test will also reveal the following:
- The bacteria or yeast that is causing the illness must be identified before your healthcare practitioner can choose the most appropriate therapy for you. It is also necessary to know whether the bacterium is resistant to antibiotics.
Who needs a urine culture?
If you have recurrent or difficult-to-treat urinary tract infections, your healthcare professional may recommend a urine culture test. In most cases, only those who are experiencing symptoms of a UTI require a urine culture. UTIs can affect people of either gender, although women are more likely than males to experience them. The following are risk factors for recurrent UTIs:
- Having diabetes
- Having frequent sexual relations, especially with new partners or if you use spermicides
- Having diabetes Kidney disease, particularly kidney stones, is a common occurrence. Problems with completely emptying your bladder, particularly if you use a urinary catheter to drain urine
- Due to autoimmune illnesses, organ transplantation, or cancer treatment procedures, the immune system has been weakened.
What is the difference between a urine culture test and urinalysis?
A urine sample is required for both a urinalysis and a urine culture. Aurinalysis may be performed first by your healthcare professional. In a shorter amount of time, this test checks urine for the presence of red and white blood cells, as well as bacteria, which can indicate the existence of an illness. A urinalysis will not be able to identify the precise bacterium that is causing the UTI. A urine culture is required to obtain this information.
Can a urine culture detect a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?
Historically, healthcare practitioners employed bacterial culture tests to identify sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. This was not a urine culture test, as the name implies. Instead, healthcare practitioners cultivated (cultured) cells from within the urethra to test their effectiveness.
The indications of these STDs may now be detected by the use of a urine test. However, when it comes to diagnosing an STD, healthcare experts tend to rely on more precise measures such as analyzing fluid from the vaginal or penis.
Can a urine culture detectE. coli?
A urine culture test can be used to identify the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli). The bacteria E. coli is the most common cause of urinary tract infections. E. colibacteria are bacteria that dwell in the digestive system and are discovered in human feces. If fecal matter makes its way from your anus to your vulva or penis, germs can enter your urethra and cause a urinary tract infection (UTI). Close to your anus is your vulva (the outside portion of your female genitals, which is where your vagina and urethra are located).
Everyone, regardless of gender, should wipe their hands from front to back after using the bathroom in order to avoid this type of illness.
Can a urine culture detectStreptococcus(strep) infections?
Group B strep bacteria are a less prevalent cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs). These bacteria, which can be found in the urinary and digestive systems, can be detected using a urine culture. Group B strep is more likely to cause urinary tract infections (UTIs) in pregnant women. It is essential to treat the infection with antibiotics before to delivery. Preventing the transmission of microorganisms to a baby through treatment is important for pregnant women. Antibiotics are also required in the case of a strep B infection in a baby.
Before delivering a urine sample, your healthcare professional will inform you whether or not you need to take any particular precautions. Your healthcare practitioner may ask you to do one or more of the following:
- Please refrain from peeing for at least an hour before providing a urine sample. Ensure that you drink at least 8 ounces of water 20 minutes before the sample collection to ensure that there is enough urine for testing. First thing in the morning, collect a sample of your pee.
What happens during a urine culture?
A clean catch pee sample is required for a successful urine culture. In this context, a urine sample that is as devoid of external pollutants as possible, such as natural bacteria that dwell on your skin, is meant. You may choose to submit this sample in person at your healthcare provider’s office or at a laboratory testing center. In some cases, you may be able to collect the urine sample at your residence. The following are the steps:
- Obtaining a clean catch urine sample is critical to the success of the urine culture. It refers to a urine sample that is as devoid of external pollutants as feasible, such as typical germs found on your skin. This sample can be collected at your healthcare provider’s office or at a laboratory testing facility. The urine sample may be collected at your residence in specific circumstances. To begin, complete the following steps.
What are other ways to collect a urine sample?
A healthcare professional may utilize one of the following ways to treat newborns and young children, as well as people who are unwell, hospitalized, or elderly:
- It is necessary to catheterize your bladder in order to reach it. Your healthcare practitioner will place a catheter (a thin, flexible tube) via your urethra. A sterile collecting bag is placed over the catheter to catch the urine as it exits. When you have an aspiration, your healthcare professional inserts a small needle into your bladder through numbed abdomen skin in order to pull urine into a collecting bag. Urine collection bag (U bag): For babies and young children, you may want to place a urine collection bag on their penis or to their vulva with sticky glue to prevent them from peeing in their diaper. After your kid has urinated, you should dump their pee into a container with a lid. Preserve the container in the refrigerator until you deliver it to the office or lab of your healthcare practitioner.
How long does a urine culture take?
The process of providing a clean urine sample takes only a few minutes. Making a poop in the cup shouldn’t take long at all. Do take the time to clean your vulva or penis before you pee in order to guarantee a clean urine sample is collected during the test. After receiving your urine sample, the lab will grow the culture in an incubator for 24 to 48 hours before testing it. The temperature of the incubator is set at 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit, which is the typical temperature for the human body (37 degrees Celsius).
What are the risks of a urine culture?
The clean catch method is a fairly safe way to collect a urine sample from a patient. When using the catheter or needle approach, there is a small chance of contracting an infection.
Results and Follow-Up
In certain cases, the lab may take up to three days to perform the test and deliver the findings back to you.
A phone call or an appointment will be scheduled with your healthcare professional in order to go through the results.
What does a positive urine culture test result mean?
If bacteria develop in the urine culture test and you are experiencing symptoms of infection or bladder discomfort, you most likely have a urinary tract infection (UTI). An abnormal test result or a positive urine culture test result are both possible outcomes. The bacteria in the cultivated sample are subjected to an antibiotic sensitivity test in the laboratory. This test, which is also known as an antibiotic susceptibility test, determines the type of bacteria that is causing the illness as well as which antibiotics the bacterium is susceptible to, which means which medications will kill or inhibit the bacteria.
Certain antibiotics are effective exclusively against specific microorganisms.
This signifies that the antibiotic is no longer effective at preventing the growth of that particular species of bacteria.
What does a negative urine culture test result mean?
You have a urinary tract infection (UTI) if bacteria develop in your urine culture test and you have symptoms of infection or bladder discomfort. When a positive urine culture test is obtained, this is referred to as an abnormal test result. On the microorganisms in the cultivated sample, the lab tests their susceptibility to antibiotics. In addition to identifying the type of bacteria causing the infection, an antibiotic susceptibility test also determines which antibiotics the bacterium is susceptible to, which means which medications will kill the bacteria.
Certain antibiotics are only effective against certain bacteria.
As a result, the antibiotic is no longer effective in preventing the growth of that particular species of bacteria.
What should I ask my healthcare provider?
You might wish to inquire with your service provider about the following:
- Inquire with your service provider about the following items:
An announcement from the Cleveland Clinic A urine culture is performed in order to identify microorganisms that cause UTIs. If you have a urinary tract infection, an antibiotic sensitivity test might help you identify the bacterium that is causing it. This information assists your healthcare professional in selecting the most appropriate medication to treat your infection. Following therapy, a urine culture test may be performed to check that your infection has been eradicated. For the majority of people, a simple clean catch urine sample is all that is required by the lab for the test.
It is possible that a healthcare practitioner will use a catheter to collect your urine sample on a more infrequent basis. If you have a history of urinary tract infections, speak with your healthcare practitioner about actions you may take to reduce your risk of developing them.
Sources consulted for the current review The Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board and Nicole Amistani, BS CLS, MT (ASCP) conducted a review in 2019 for this publication. (30th of July, 2018) An Overview of Urine Culture. Kaiser Permanente is a health-care organization. Kaiser Permanente’s website, wa.kaiserpermanente.org, has further information. Accessed in May of this year. Brusch, J. et al (Updated July 19, 2018). Females are more susceptible to urinary tract infection (UTI) and cystitis (bladder infection).
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Cystitis in females is a condition that occurs when the cervix becomes inflamed.
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Urine Culture: How the Test Works
Overview When you have a urine culture, it can be used to identify bacteria in your urine. When a urinary tract infection occurs, this test can detect and identify the microorganisms that are causing it (UTI). The urethra is a passageway via which bacteria, which are primarily responsible for UTIs, can enter the urinary system. These bacteria can multiply fast in the environment of your urinary system, eventually resulting in an infection of the tract. More information may be found at: Do you want to discover everything there is to know about urinary system infection?
Females are more likely than males to get urinary tract infections.
As a result, germs from the intestines have a lot easier time making their way into the urinary system.
The following are the most frequent symptoms of a UTI:
- Physical symptoms include: back and stomach pain
- A strong need to pee often
- Trouble passing urine through your urine stream
- And urinary tract infection (UTI).
If you have a urinary tract infection (UTI), your urine may seem hazy or even turn pinkish or coral in color if there is blood present in it. Despite the fact that you may have a continual need to pee, you may be unable to pass more than a little volume of urine from your bladder due to bladder obstruction. Shaking, chills, and vomiting are common symptoms of an illness that is progressing to a dangerous stage. Several alternative methods are available for collecting urine for the purpose of doing a urine culture.
When you pee, you should collect your urine in a cup as you go.
Urinary collection bag
The collection of a urine sample can also be accomplished using a urinary collection bag. With children and newborns, this strategy is the most frequently employed. A plastic bag is affixed with glue to either a girl’s labia or a boy’s penis in order to perform this surgery. A bag is placed over the child’s diaper to capture urine, which may subsequently be submitted to a laboratory for examination.
In some circumstances, a catheter is required by a healthcare professional in order to collect a urine sample. A thin rubber tube is inserted through the urethra and into the bladder in order to do this. Once the catheter is in place, the healthcare professional can take a sample of the patient’s blood. Even if you already have a urinary catheter in place, your healthcare professional may be able to obtain a sample by closing the drainage end of your catheter before it reaches the drain bag. Once urine has been collected in the clamped tube, your healthcare professional will use a syringe to retrieve a sample of urine from the tube.
When taking urine samples, it is important not to take them immediately from the catheter collecting bag since urine that has been out of the body for an extended period of time may begin to grow germs and will not form an acceptable sample in the lab.
When a urine sample is required, a catheter is used by a healthcare professional to collect it. An ultra-thin rubber tube is sent through the urethra and into the bladder in order to do this. It is possible for the healthcare professional to take a sample once the catheter has been placed. Even if you already have a urinary catheter in place, your healthcare professional may be able to obtain a sample by closing the drainage end of your catheter before it reaches the drainage bag. A syringe is used to extract a urine sample from the clamped tube after urine has passed through it.
When taking urine samples, it is important not to take them immediately from the catheter collecting bag since urine that has been out of the body for an extended period of time may begin to grow germs and will not form a suitable sample in the laboratory.
What is a Urine Culture Sample?
Males must prepare for this test by wiping the top of their penis with a sterile wipe before taking it. Females should cleanse and rinse their vaginal region with a sterile wipe or soapy water to prevent infection. It is possible to complete this procedure in the restroom of your doctor’s office. It is necessary to initially let a tiny volume of pee to fall into the toilet before collecting an accurate sample. After that, place around three to six ounces in a sterile container. After enough pee has been collected, the container can be withdrawn from the urine stream.
- The use of a catheter to collect your urine may increase your chance of developing a urinary tract infection.
- The urine sample can be submitted to a lab for a more thorough review, or it can be analyzed in the doctor’s office if the doctor so desires.
- At the conclusion of that period, if there is no evidence of bacterial growth, the culture is negative.
- In order to treat the infection, antibiotics are selected based on the bacteria that is present.
Urine Test: Routine Culture (for Parents)
Urine cultures are routinely performed to determine the number of germs (microorganisms such as bacteria) present in the urine sample. The urine sample will be kept in circumstances that allow germs to proliferate after it has been collected by a technician. If there is no illness, it is normal for there to be just a minimal number of bacteria in the urine. The technician will use a microscope or chemical tests to discover which types of germs are present in the culture if a high number of germs are present.
If the doctor determines that the patient has an infection, the technician may do tests to identify which treatments will be the most successful against the microbe.
Why It’s Done
In order to identify a urinary tract infection (UTI) and determine the kind of bacteria that are causing it, a urine culture is performed. If your kid has any of the following symptoms, the doctor may prescribe a urine culture.
- When urinating, the patient complains of a painful sensation
- He or she has the need to pee frequently but does not produce much urine (this is referred to as urgency)
- Has a fever that does not have a clear cause or is experiencing stomach pain when they have an abnormal regular urinalysis, especially if they have a high amount of white blood cells in their urine when you have finished therapy for a UTI, you should check to see if the infection is gone
There is no preparation necessary for the urine culture other than cleaning the region surrounding the urinary entrance before taking the sample. Inform your doctor if your kid is currently receiving antibiotics or has recently taken antibiotics.
The sample collection process should just take a few minutes. In the doctor’s office, your kid will be asked to pee into a sterile sample cup, which will be disposed away thereafter. It may be necessary to implant a catheter (a small soft tube) into your child’s bladder in order to get the urine samples if he or she has not been toilet trained and cannot urinate into a cup. Just before the urine is collected, it is necessary to clean the skin around the urinary entrance to prevent infection. As part of this procedure, you or your kid cleans the area surrounding the urinary hole using a specific towelette.
The idea is to catch the pee in the “middle of the stream.” The container should not come into contact with your child’s skin.
It’s sometimes ideal to take a sample first thing in the morning when your child has woken up, rather than later.
You’ll take the sample to a lab, where a technician will examine it for the presence of germs, and then you’ll return home.
What to Expect
Because the test includes typical urination, your kid should not experience any discomfort as long as he or she is able to deliver a sample of urine. (If a catheter was used to collect urine, there may be some pain for a short period of time.) Preparation for the urine test should include keeping the region surrounding the urinary entrance clean and catching the urine sample in the middle of the stream.
Getting the Results
It will take 1-3 days for the results of the urine culture to be obtained. It is your doctor’s responsibility to go through the results with you and explain what they signify.
When submitting a urine sample for a urine culture, there are no hazards associated. If a catheterized specimen is necessary, there may be some pain for a brief period. Questions concerning this operation can be discussed with your healthcare professional at any point during the process.
Helping Your Child
Urinating to produce the samples for the test is typically a painless experience for the patient.
Explain to your kid how the test will be administered and why it is being done in order to allay his or her anxieties. Make sure your youngster understands that the urinary entrance must be clean and that the pee must be collected in the middle of the urine stream to prevent infection.
If You Have Questions
If you have any queries concerning the urine culture, you should consult with your physician.
Urine culture: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
A urine culture is a laboratory test that is used to determine if a urine sample contains bacteria or other pathogens. It may be used to screen for a urinary tract infection in both adults and children, according to the manufacturer. A clean catch urine sample will be taken in most cases, either at your health-care provider’s office or at your residence. To collect the urine, you will need to utilize a specific kit. An alternative method of collecting a urine sample is to put a thin rubber tube (catheter) into the urethra and into the bladder.
- The urine is drained into a sterile container, and the catheter is then pulled out of the bladder.
- The urine is sent to a laboratory for testing to detect whether or not bacteria or yeast are present in the urine sample.
- Try to collect the sample after your pee has been sitting in your bladder for 2 to 3 hours, if at all feasible.
- The urethra is numbed with the use of a specific gel.
- After you have been treated for an illness, you may be required to have a urine culture taken.
- “Normal growth” is a perfectly normal outcome.
- In certain cases, the normal value ranges may change somewhat between various laboratories.
Speak with your doctor about the significance of the specific test findings that you received.
Other tests may be performed to assist your physician in determining which bacteria or yeast is causing the illness and which antibiotics will be most effective in treating it.
If your provider uses a catheter, there is a very small chance that a hole (perforation) will develop in the urethra or bladder.
urine for culture and sensitivity testing Cooper KL, Badalato GM, Rutman MP; Badalato GM, Rutman MP.
The following chapter is from the 12th edition of Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology: Chap 55.
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Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020: chap 268.
Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, provided the most recent update.
In addition, David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial staff examined the manuscript for accuracy.
Bacteria Culture Test: MedlinePlus Medical Test
In a laboratory setting, a urine culture is performed to determine whether or not a urine sample contains bacteria or other pathogens. A urinary tract infection can be detected in both adults and children with this test. A clean catch urine sample will be taken in most cases, either at your health-care provider’s office or at your residence. a. In order to collect the urine, you’ll need to utilize a particular kit. Another method of collecting a urine sample is to introduce a thin rubber tube (catheter) through the urethra and into the bladder.
- Cathode insertion and removal are completed in a sterile container after the urine drains.
- To establish whether bacteria or yeast are present in the urine, the urine is sent to a laboratory for analysis.
- Try to collect the sample after your pee has been in your bladder for at least 2 to 3 hours if at all feasible!
- To numb the urethra, a specific gel is employed.
- Following treatment for an illness, you may be required to have a urine culture taken.
- It is very natural to experience “normal development.” This indicates that there is no infection present.” The normal value ranges may fluctuate somewhat from one laboratory to the next depending on the manufacturer.
- Speak with your doctor about the significance of the specific test findings that were obtained.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) or a bladder infection is most likely the cause of your symptoms.
It is possible to find more than one species of bacteria in a culture, or simply a limited number of bacteria.
If you have been taking antibiotics, you may have had a false-negative urine culture result.
Elsevier; 2021:chap 55 of Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology.
Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 55 of Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology.
Patient with urinary tract infections is addressed in the following way: A review of the literature is presented in Goldman L and Schafer AI (eds.).
Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 268.
Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, provided the most recent update to this document.
Additional reviewers were David Zieve (MD/MHA), Medical Director; Brenda Conaway (editorial director); and members of the American Dental Association of Medicine (ADAM) Editorial Board.
What is it used for?
When it comes to diagnosing specific sorts of diseases, bacteria culture tests are utilized to aid in the process. The most frequent types of bacteria tests, as well as the applications for which they are used, are described below. Culture of the Throat
- It is used to diagnose or rule out strep throat. The method is as follows:
- It is necessary for your health-care professional to put an instrument into your mouth to collect samples from the back of your throat and tonsils
- This is called a swab biopsy.
Urine Culture is a type of culture that is found in urine.
- Aurinary tract infection and the bacteria that caused it are diagnosed with this test. The test process is as follows:
- Aurinary tract infection and the bacteria that caused it are both diagnosed with this test. The process is as follows:
Sputum Culture is a kind of culture that is obtained from a person’s sputum. Sputum is a viscous mucus that comes up from the lungs when you cough. It differs from spit or saliva in several ways.
- Applied to aid in the diagnosis of bacterial illnesses in the respiratory system. Pneumonia and bronchitis are examples of bacterial infections. The following is the method to be followed during the test:
- As directed by your healthcare practitioner, you may be requested to cough up sputum into a specific cup, or a specially designed swab may be used to collect a sample from your nose.
Culture of the Blood
- An instrument that is used to identify the presence of germs or fungus in the blood
- The following is the method to be followed during the test:
- A blood sample will be required by a health-care provider. It is most typically necessary to draw the sample from a vein in your arm.
Stool Culture is a way of life. Stool is also referred to as feces in some circles.
- This test is used to detect illnesses in the digestive tract caused by bacteria or parasites. Food poisoning and other digestive diseases are examples of this. The following is the method to be followed during the test:
- Your health care professional will teach you on how to collect a sample of your feces in a clean container.
Your health care physician will teach you on how to submit a sample of your feces in a clean container.
- It is used to identify infections in open wounds or burn injuries. The test technique is as follows:
- Your health-care practitioner will collect a sample from the location of your wound using a specific swab
- This sample will be sent to the laboratory for testing.
Why do I need a bacteria culture test?
If you are experiencing signs of an abacterial infection, your health care practitioner may recommend a bacteria culture test. The signs and symptoms differ based on the type of illness present.
Why do I have to wait so long for my results?
Unfortunately, your test sample does not contain enough cells to allow your health-care professional to diagnose an infection. As a result, your sample will be submitted to a laboratory in order for the cells to develop. If there is an infection, the contaminated cells will grow and spread throughout the body. Most disease-causing bacteria will develop to the point where they can be seen within one to two days, but certain species can take up to five days or longer to reach this stage.
Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test?
Bacterial culture assays are available in a variety of configurations. Inquire with your health-care provider whether there is anything you need do to prepare for your test.
Are there any risks to the test?
There are no known hazards associated with submitting a swab or blood sample, as well as delivering a urine or stool specimen.
What do the results mean?
If you have a bacterial infection and enough germs are identified in your sample, you are most certainly suffering from one. Additional tests may be ordered by your health-care provider to confirm a diagnosis or to evaluate the severity of the illness you have. It is also possible that your provider will request a “susceptibility test” on your sample. It is necessary to do a susceptibility test in order to decide which antibiotic will be the most efficient in treating your infection. If you have any questions about your results, you should speak with your health-care provider about them.
Is there anything else I should know about a bacteria culture?
It is not necessary to take antibiotics if your tests reveal that you do not have a bacterial illness. Antibiotics are only effective in treating bacterial illnesses. Not only may taking antibiotics when you don’t need them hurt your health, but it may also contribute to a major problem known as antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance is the ability of hazardous bacteria to adapt in such a manner that antibiotics become less effective or ineffective altogether. This can be harmful to you as well as to the rest of the community since this bacterium has the potential to spread to others.
- FDA is an abbreviation for the United States Food and Drug Administration. Combating Antibiotic Resistance
- Is a publication of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and is available from:
- Lab Tests Online. From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. It is possible to order Bacterial Sputum Culture: The Test
- From the following website: Lab Tests Online. From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. Bacterial Sputum Culture: The Test Sample
- Is available from the following sources: Lab Tests Online. From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. It is possible to obtain Bacterial Wound Culture: The Test
- From the following website: Lab Tests Online. From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. It is possible to order Bacterial Wound Culture: The Test Sample from the following website: Lab Tests Online. From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. Blood Culture: A Quick Overview
- . Available from: Lab Tests Online. From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. Blood Culture: The Test
- Is available from the following sources: Lab Tests Online. From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. It is possible to obtain a blood culture test sample from the website Lab Tests Online. The American Association for Clinical Chemistry was founded in 2001 and has been in operation since since. Available from: Lab Tests Online, a glossary on the term “culture.” From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. Stool Culture: The Test
- Is available from the following website: Lab Tests Online From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. Stool Culture: The Test Sample
- Is available from the following sources: Lab Tests Online. From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. Available from:
- Lab Tests Online, an initiative of the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, c2001–2017. Strep Throat Test: The Test Sample
- . It is possible to obtain Susceptibility Testing: The Test from the following sources: From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. Urine Culture: The Test
- Is available from the following sources: Lab Tests Online. From 2001 until 2017, the American Association for Clinical Chemistry was based in Washington, DC. Urine Culture: The Test Sample
- Is available from the following sources: Lagier J, Edouard S, Pagnier I, Mediannikov O, Drancourt M, Raolt D. Urine Culture: The Test Sample
- Is available from the following sources: Strategies for Bacterial Culture in Clinical Biology: Current and Previous Approaches 2015 Jan 1
- 28(1): 208–236. Clin Microbiol Rev 2015 Jan 1
- 28(1): 208–236. Merck Manuals: Professional Version is available from the following sources: MerckCo., Inc., Kenilworth, New Jersey, c2017. Culture
- . Available from:
- Merck Manuals: Professional Version. The National Academies: What You Need to Know About Infectious Diseases
- The National Academy of Sciences
- C2017. Overview of Bacteria
- National Cancer Institute. How Infection Works: Types of Microbes
- . Accessed from: University of Rochester Medical Center, Bethesda (MD), United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Cancer Institute Dictionary of Cancer Terms: Bacteria. In Rochester (New York), the University of Rochester Medical Center published a book in 2017. Obtainable from: contentid
- UW Health, the Microbiology section of the Health Encyclopedia The University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority published a book in Madison (WI) in 2019. It is possible to obtain health information on using antibiotics wisely by visiting the following website:
Urine Culture Results, follow up, how long does it take to get the results, we will call if it is positive
|Urine Culture Overview:A urine culture is a test that can detect bacteria in your urine. This test can find and identify the germs that cause aurinary tract infection (UTI). Bacteria, which typically cause UTIs, can enter the urinary tract through the urethra. In the sterile environment of your urinary tract, these bacteria can grow rapidly and develop into an infection. In our office, we will collect a urine sample when a patient arrives for their visit. The urine is then studied in three ways.1.First, just by visualizing the urine sample you can detect blood, cloudiness, odor, floating elements that all gives clues to a urinary tract infection or disease.2.A urinalysis is then performed in the office that documents:-The presence of microscopic blood that cannot be seen with our eyes.-Leukocytes or white blood cells that can indicate inflammation or infection.-Nitrites that are converted when bacteria are present and usually indicates infection.-pH that can change with infection or diet.-Glucose which is usually a sign of new or poorly controlled diabetes.-Creatinine and protein ratio that is used as a predictor of kidney function.3.Sometimes the urine is obviously infected, but sometimes can look surprisingly normal even in a patient who has a real infection. This is why as long as we have enough urine given as a sample it needs to be sent for a “CultureSensitivity.”What Affects the Test: Reasons why the results may not be conclusive include:
What is a “Urine Culture and Sensitivity”?A Urine CultureSensitivity is where a urine sample is prepared in a lab, grown and read by a lab technician. The urine CS documents whether bacteria is present, how high the bacterial count is, and which antibiotics are best for treating it.An antibiotic sensitivity or susceptibility test is doneto help choose the antibiotic that will be most effective against the specifictypes of bacteria infecting an individual person.Sometypes of bacteria are resistant to certainantibioticsbecause ofdifferences in their genetic material genes.
Infections caused by resistantbacteria are not cured by treatment with those antibiotics.The Process of sending a Urine Culture and Sensitivity:Suspicious urine or urine from a patient that is symptomatic is packaged, labeled and picked up by a lab directly from our office that same day.
This transit alone can take a day.
Sometimes, we can call the lab and receive results earlier when necessary.
Even if we have given you treatment in advance with the suspicion that there was an infection present, we will call to make sure that you are taking the prescribed medication, or make sure you are put on the correct antibiotic according to the culture sensitivities.It is important to complete a full course of antibiotics that are prescribed to you even if you are feeling better in a short time.
Is it possible to develop “resistant” to antibiotics if I take too many? Antibiotics do not develop resistance to the body; rather, the bacterium that is causing the infection at the moment can grow resistant. Results from a non-laboratory setting: Testosterone, prostate-stimulating hormone (PSA), Bun/Cr, and any other hormones: Unless otherwise specified, all blood tests are conducted at an outside lab, either Quest or Labcorp, depending on your insurance coverage. When we write a prescription for you, we may assist you in finding the appropriate lab.
We prefer not to offer findings over the phone since it is very risky.