- 1 Latinos and the Changing Face of America
- 2 Population Change and Distribution of Latinos in the United States
- 3 Destination States for Latinos
- 4 Latinos and the Future U.S. Population
- 5 The Growing Impact of Latinos — Culturally, Economically, and Politically
- 6 Media Life Magazine: How Hispanic culture is changing America
- 7 Sports
- 8 Theater
- 9 Television
- 10 Music
- 11 Social media
- 12 Fashion
- 13 Politics
- 14 Latinos Are Shaping the Future of the United States
- 15 Hispanic influence in the United States
- 16 What Hispanic Heritage Month means and how anyone can celebrate it
- 17 How Latinos are growing and reshaping the United States
- 18 How the U.S. Hispanic population is changing
- 19 Culture thrives in America’s most Hispanic, Latino state: New Mexico
- 20 Traditions deeply rooted in Hispanic culture
- 21 Definitions
Latinos and the Changing Face of America
The following is an edited extract from the study Latinos and the Changing Face of America, written by Rogelio Saenz and published by the Russell Sage Foundation and the Population Reference Bureau. The report is available online at www.latinosandthechangingfaceofamerica.org. In the new series The American People, which places the results of the 2000 Census in perspective and gives a portrait of the American people in the twenty-first century, this report is one of several that present an image of the American people in the twenty-first century.
Reynolds Farley and John Haaga are the series editors, and they are based in New York.
In 1900, there were little more than 500,000 Latinos in the United States.
The most significant influence of the Latino community on the demographics of the United States has occurred in the last few decades.
- As a result of these developments, the Latino population surpassed African Americans as the nation’s biggest minority group in 2003, which was a remarkable achievement given that the Latino population in 1980 was just marginally larger than the African American population.
- Examples include the rising popularity of Latin American cuisine and music, as well as the presence of Spanish-language signs, ads, and other media outlets.
- The growth in purchasing power of the Latino population is predicted to be bigger than the increases in purchasing power of the white, African American, American Indian, and Asian populations during the course of this 18-year period.
- In order to comprehend the rate and degree of Latino groups’ integration into mainstream U.S.
- To better comprehend and address the specific requirements of Latino communities in the United States, educators, lawmakers, businesses, and others in the country must have a thorough understanding of the Latino community and the groups that make up that demographic.
This is especially true today that the Latino community has spread geographically beyond its usual hub locations and into areas where there have previously been few Latinos in the last decade.
Population Change and Distribution of Latinos in the United States
Over the course of the 1990s, the Latino population asserted its supremacy as the ethnic group most responsible for the rise in the United States’ overall population. The Latino population increased from 22.4 million in 1990 to 35.3 million in 2000, representing a 58 percent increase in only a decade (see Table 1).
Table 1Growth of Latino Population by Ethnic Group and of Non-Latino Population by Race, 1990-2000
|Total U.S. population||248,709,873||281,421,906||32,712,033||13.2|
|American IndianAlaska Native||1,793,773||2,068,883||275,110||15.3|
* Non-Latino groupings are divided into single-race categories. Sources: Author’s estimations based on the 1990 Census Summary Tape File 1 (STF1) and the 2000 Census Summary Tape File 1 (STF1) (SF1). More than six times faster than the overall population growth rate in the United States, the Latino population has grown at a rate approximately 4.5 times that of the overall population growth rate in the United States. Compared to 1990, Latinos accounted for one out of every eight individuals in the United States by 2000, up from one out of every eleven in 1990.
Destination States for Latinos
The Latino population is primarily concentrated in a few specific states. In 2000, the ten states with the biggest Latino populations accounted for slightly more than 80 percent of all Latinos in the United States (see Figure 1). These states have long served as traditional Latino hubs, with all but one (Washington) ranking in the top-10 most populated Latino states in 1990, according to the United States Census Bureau. One out of every two Latinos in the United States lived in California and Texas alone, according to the Census Bureau.
Figure 1Ten States With the Largest Latino Populations, 2000
States with a large Latino population are centered in one or more of the following: More than 80 percent of Latinos in the United States lived in the 10 states with the highest Latino populations in 2000. (see Figure 1). In 1990, all but one of these states (Washington) were in the top-10 most populated Latino states, indicating that they are still important hubs for Latinos in the United States. One out of every two Latinos in the United States lived in California and Texas alone, according to the census.
Figure 2Ten States With the Fastest Growth in Latino Population, 1990-2000
Sources: Author’s estimations based on the 1990 Census Summary Tape File 1 (STF1) and the 2000 Census Summary File 1 (STF1) (SF1). A significant increase in the Latino population has occurred in states that have traditionally had a small Latino population (see Figure 2). When looking at the 10 states with the fastest growth in the Latino population, the percentage increases ranged from as low as 155 percentage points in Nebraska to as high as 394 percentage points in North Carolina. A significant portion of this rise has been attributed to restructuring in the meat-processing sector and an increase in the number of low-wage employment in the South and the Midwest, mainly in nonmetropolitan regions, since 2000.
As a result of a thriving economy driven by service employment and the gambling sector, the state’s Latino population more than quadrupled between 1990 and 2000, according to census data.
Latinos and the Future U.S. Population
A significant shift in the racial and ethnic mix of the United States’ population has occurred during the previous several decades. A growing number of minorities are establishing themselves in the United States, and this trend will continue for the foreseeable future. These developments are being driven by the Latino population. Even while Latinos now account for one out of every eight people in the United States, it is predicted that by 2035, they will account for one out of every five residents, one out of every four by 2055, and one out of every three by 2100.
- Despite the fact that Latinos were hardly a blip on the national radar screen only a few decades ago, demographic dynamics have transformed them into a significant component of the United States’ future social and economic trajectory.
- As long as there are continuous inflows of Latino immigrants, the Spanish language and the varied Latino cultures will continue to thrive in the United States.
- The increase in the Latino population has also resulted in the blurring of many traditional lines of demarcation.
- Immigration has eroded the distinctions between people based on their nationality, even within families.
- Even while geographical and linguistic borders have blurred, one essential distinction has remained: the experiences of different Latino communities in the United States have been vastly diverse.
- They have been referred to as “colonized groups” in the past.
- Even Mexicans born in the United States and Puerto Ricans born on the mainland of the United States rank low in terms of socioeconomic status among the many groupings that make up the Latino community.
Generally speaking, these groups have fared better socially and economically than the general population, with the exception of Dominicans and foreign-born Central Americans.
The Growing Impact of Latinos — Culturally, Economically, and Politically
The Latino community must be viewed as a great resource for the United States of America. Latinos will increasingly have an impact on and be reliant on U.S. institutions in the future decades, according to a new report. Consider how Latinos will increasingly be relied upon by the corporate sector as entrepreneurs, employees, investors, and customers, among other things. Latinos’ ability to communicate in both English and Spanish, as well as their multilingual and bicultural background, makes them a great resource for the business community as it expands its consumer markets and company operations into Latin America.
Latinos will play an increasingly important role in the result of elections, both as voters and as political candidates, and political institutions will discover that this is the case.
Latinos will increasingly become the prospective adherents and leaders of religious institutions, as will religious institutions themselves.
Rogelio Saenzis is a professor of sociology at Texas A&M University and the department’s head of sociology.
- In addition, Brian Gratton and Myron P. Gutmann published “Hispanics in the United States, 1850-1990: Estimates of Population Size and National Origin” in Historical Methods 33, no. 3 (2000): 137-53
- Lourdes Gouveia and Rogelio Saenz published “Global Forces and Latino Population Growth in the Midwest, A Regional and Subregional Analysis,” Great Plains Research 10, no. 2 (2000): 305-28
Media Life Magazine: How Hispanic culture is changing America
Hispanics have a strong presence on television, the theater, the field, and the radio. According to the editors of Media Life This post is part of a series on Media Life entitled “Catching the next great wave: Hispanic media,” which is currently under progress. Previously published stories can be found by clicking here. Last month, Univision Deportes Network outperformed every other cable sports network in primetime among the key demographics of adults 18-49 and 18-34, and every other sports network overall.
- However, it also defeated the big dogs of cable sports, ESPN and ESPN2.
- However, a Spanish-language network outperforming a slew of English-language networks in the big sports demographics is still impressive.
- In reality, five years ago, UDN did not even exist as an organization.
- At a time when Americans disagree on almost everything else (religion, politics, and the merits of iOS vs.
- This has never been witnessed before on such a grand scale in the United States.
- However, a number of circumstances have enabled Hispanics to exert cultural influence in a way that other populations have not been able to.
- Hispanics constitute more than 55 million people, or nearly 17 percent of the total population of the United States, and their numbers are continuing to rise.
Another characteristic is their variety.
Despite the fact that they speak the same language, they do not have a common cultural identity in the manner that the Italians or the Irish did when they first came.
Even if there is still a significant amount of it in this nation, the amount is far less than it was years before, when many of those other groups arrived to America.
Located immediately adjacent to Mexico, directly above Cuba and the Dominican Republic, and a little north of Central and South America, the United States is a landlocked country.
territory of Puerto Rico is theoretically a part of this country.
Cultural interaction is natural in many southern states along the border with Mexico, since the two nations are almost interchangeable, allowing for easy cultural exchange.
The following are just a handful of the ways in which Hispanic culture has become more popular in the United States during recent years.
Soccer, which has long been considered a second-tier sport in the United States, is thriving, and not only during World Cup years. This year’s Copa America attracted the highest ratings in the tournament’s history, even exceeding the previous Stanley Cup Finals. NBCSN’s coverage of the Olympic soccer tournament draws large audiences. Latinos account for over a third of Major League Baseball players (29.3 percent), with the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, and Cuba having the highest proportion of foreign-born players.
You can’t speak about Broadway without mentioning “Hamilton,” the hip hop musical about a forgotten founding father who is played by a Puerto Rican actor who was inspired to create a play about him after reading a biography of the man. In just one year on the stage, Lin-Manuel Miranda’s musical has established itself as a cultural icon. It has completely altered the perception of what a Broadway musical should be. The fact that Alexander Hamilton is played by an actor of Hispanic heritage will remain unchanged — even though Miranda just departed the program, he has been replaced by Javier Muoz.
An absurd concept was hatched by ABC a decade ago to convert a telenovela into a dramedy. “Ugly Betty” was a surprise smash that aired for four seasons on the ABC television network. The popularity of novelas has returned after a long period of time. “Telenovela,” “Queen of the South,” and “Jane the Virgin” are three English-language series that have either been based on, borrowed from, or poked fun at the telenovela genre in the last two years: NBC’s “Telenovela,” USA’s “Queen of the South,” and the CW’s “Jane the Virgin.” In contrast to the latter, which has received positive reviews, the other two have received negative reviews but are nonetheless noteworthy for having made it onto the broadcast.
Some of the most popular singers in the world today are of Hispanic descent, and they mix their songs with Latin rhythms that are reminiscent of their home nations. Shakira, Pitbull (who also has a Latin music channel on Sirius XM), Christina Aguilera, Marc Anthony, Jennifer Lopez, Mariah Carey, and others are among the artists that have performed at this event. Selena and Jenni Rivera, two Mexican singers who were tragically died in a car accident, have also proven to be enormous influencers on subsequent generations, both in terms of music and celebrity.
Hispanics are particularly active on social media platforms such as Instagram and Twitter, with former Disney starSelena Gomezi reigning supreme as the Instagram queen, having more followers (89 million) than anyone else. She also shared the photo of herself drinking a Coke, which became the most liked photo on the young-skewing social networking site ever.
Yes, she has outdrawn every Kardashian in the history of the world. What is the lesson here? It is not necessary to be scandalous in order to be powerful, as seen by the strong Latino family values.
Latino fashion is characterized by its size, vibrancy, and boldness. Hispanic culture encourages curves in a manner that most Americans do not, which is something that most women like. In addition to being the most well-known Latino designer, Oscar de la Renta’s daring designs acquired popularity when Sarah Jessica Parker wore them on the set of “Sex and the City” back in the 1990s. Narcisco Rodriguez worked for Calvin Klein before creating his own line, while Carolina Herrera was born in Caracas, Venezuela and has dressed several actresses on the red carpet.
Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio, two of the most prominent presidential contenders in this year’s Republican primary, are both Hispanic and of Cuban origin, and both are running for president. Despite the fact that neither contender was able to obtain his party’s nomination, many feel it is only a matter of time until a Hispanic candidate is elected to the presidency. Spanish-speaking Hispanics make up a significant voting group — a record 27.3 million people will be able to vote this year. Media Life Magazine is the source for this information.
Latinos Are Shaping the Future of the United States
German is the language of instruction. The Latino population in the United States is growing increasingly vital to the country’s economics, culture, and political landscape. More over 55 million individuals, or almost one-fifth of the population of the United States, are Hispanic, with two-thirds of them descended from Mexican immigrants. It is Latinos in the United States who are achieving new heights in terms of educational achievement while also making big economic gains and transforming the political scene in dramatic ways.
- Latino diaspora communities have evolved with time, and as a result, so too have the attitudes in their countries of origin.
- Despite the fact that the two communities share ethnic, religious, linguistic, and cultural roots, prejudice and preconceptions have long predominated in what has been referred to as a “us” and “them” relationship between the two groups.
- As Latinos gain political influence in the United States, the connection between the United States and the rest of the Americas will become an increasingly crucial topic in domestic politics in the United States of America.
- In order to meet the growing Hispanic population in the United States and the increasing influence of Hispanics in American politics and economics, other countries in the Western Hemisphere will have to adapt their policies to accommodate the demographic transition.
An event in Mexico City in October 2014 co-sponsored by the Center for American Progress and the Centro de Investigación y Docencia Economicas, or CIDE, brought together leading thinkers and policymakers to address the divide between Latinos in the United States and their counterparts in the country of their birth.
That process begins with this document, which serves as a beginning step. s.
Hispanic influence in the United States
During Hispanic Heritage Month, we honor the prominent Hispanics who immigrated to the United States to establish a future for themselves and their families by their hard work, devotion, and respect for the law. This has enabled them to make a positive contribution to the growth and economy of this country. Contributed by: Diana Bello Aristizábal To read in Spanish, click here. DORAL, FLORIDA — Since 1988, the United States has observed Hispanic Heritage Month, which runs from September 15 to October 15, in order to recognize the accomplishments and contributions of the Hispanic population to the advancement of the country.
- The government (41 Latinos serve in the United States Congress) and in other fields such as law, business, science, sports and the arts are among the sectors where they are influential.
- Despite this, the Hispanic community has a significant impact on the country, which is directly tied to the country’s rapid population increase.
- The number of Hispanic people living in the United States is expected to quadruple in the next 30 to 40 years, according to projections.
- This truth about population increase during the previous few decades, as well as future estimates, is crucial in understanding the significant effect that Hispanic economic and socioeconomic behavior has on the general trends of the country, as well as on major choices.
Given this perspective, and in honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, we wanted to know how influential Hispanics are in the United States today, taking into consideration the fact that their prominence in various spheres of society is rapidly increasing, despite the fact that they still have a long way to go before reaching the level of influence enjoyed by the rest of the population.
Hispanic influence in American pop culture
With Latinos accounting for around 18 percent of the overall population, the Latin “idiosyncrasy” is becoming increasingly noticeable throughout the United States. It is important to highlight that, despite the fact that the United States is a major exporter of culture, the country is also capable of absorbing other cultural traditions with reasonable ease. The adoption of certain Latin traditions has occurred in the United States, including the breaking of a piata to celebrate children’s birthdays and the celebration of Cinco de Mayo, a traditionally Mexican holiday that today brings together Hispanics and non-Hispanics in a “national celebration” among cities such as Miami, Los Angeles, and New York.
Mexican cuisine, for example, is one of the most popular cuisines among Americans around the country.
The fact that more sauce is sold than Ketchup is also a curious fact, as is the fact that dulce de leche ice cream (a flavor that is available in several Latin American countries, including Argentina, Colombia, and Mexico, in varying presentations) is the fourth best-selling ice cream in the country.
Beyond Latin food and culture, the Hispanic impact can be seen in other fields such as sports, where numerous Hispanic sportsmen and sports entrepreneurs have contributed to the change of professional sports, such as baseball, boxing, and golf to mention a few examples.
Executives and television celebrities have also had a significant impact on the country’s political climate.
This is the situation with sports announcer Andrés Cantor and Heineken’s vice president, Esther Garcia, who was in charge of the beer’s sponsorship of the Champions League. Cantor and Garcia were both fired.
Hispanic music influence
With Latinos accounting for around 18 percent of the overall population, the Latin “idiosyncrasy” is becoming increasingly noticeable across the United States. While it is true that the United States is an exporter of culture, it is also true that the country is a very easy place to absorb other cultural practices. Certain Latin traditions, such as breaking a piata on children’s birthdays and celebrating Cinco de Mayo, a traditionally Mexican holiday that today brings together Hispanics and non-Hispanics in a “national celebration” among cities such as Miami, Los Angeles, and New York, have been adopted by the United States.
- One of the most popular cuisines in the United States is Mexican food, which can be found all around the country.
- In addition, sauce outsells Ketchup by a wide margin, while dulce de leche ice cream (a taste that can be found in numerous Latin American nations such as Argentina and Colombia as well as Mexico in various forms) is the fourth best-selling ice cream flavor in the country.
- However, aside from Latin food and customs, the Hispanic impact can be seen in other areas such as sports, where numerous Hispanic sportsmen and sports entrepreneurs have contributed to the change of professional sports such as baseball, boxing, and golf, to mention a few.
- The country has also benefited from the efforts of business executives and television celebrities who have gained widespread popularity.
From minority to influential in the Congress
When it comes to the many sectors in which Hispanics have had an effect, probably one of the most significant is the political arena. The impact of Hispanic representation was felt powerfully last year, when 41 Latinos were elected to the United States Congress, setting a new record for the number of Latinos in Congress. As a result of this significant success, the Latino community now has a number of political figures who have a significant impact on society. This power of persuasion is also visible in the voting population.
While the Latino voting population has long been regarded a “sleeping giant” in American politics, this proves that this is no longer the case.
Most candidates have taken advantage of this trend by being present in Hispanic communities, where they often say a few words in Spanish to win the Latino vote, and even partake in a Cuban ” cortadito ” during election campaigns while answering questions from voters or making an announcement in a Hispanic restaurant.
Hispanics have had a significant impact on the development of the United States since its founding more than 200 years ago, and it is expected that in the next decades, this group will have a higher social, political, cultural, and economic influence in the United States than it now has.
What Hispanic Heritage Month means and how anyone can celebrate it
According to estimates from the United States Census Bureau, the Hispanic population in the United States hit a record high of 60.6 million in 2019, an increase of about a million from the previous year. Latinos’ proportion of the country’s overall population climbed by 2 percentage points in the recent decade, from 16 percent to 18 percent, accounting for more than half of all population growth in the United States during that period. They have surpassed white non-Hispanics as the second most populous racial or ethnic group in the United States.
- Hispanic and Latino Americans’ traditions and contributions are traditionally recognized during the month-long event, which lasts from September through October.
- What is the significance of Hispanic Heritage Month beginning midway through September?
- America is evolving at a quicker rate than ever before!
- Presidents made public speeches and hosted events in honor of Hispanic Heritage Week on each of the following years.
- A little more than two decades later, Representative Esteban Torres of California introduced legislation that would extend Hispanic Heritage Week to include a whole month of commemoration.
- Torres’s measure was ultimately defeated, but the spirit of the legislation was carried forward in a similar Senate bill that eventually passed Congress and was signed into law by President Reagan on August 17, 1988.
- Despite the fact that the names are frequently used interchangeably, they really refer to two separate entities.
The United States Census Bureau continues to use the term “Hispanic,” which is defined as “the person’s heritage, nationality, lineage, or country of birth before arriving in the United States,” or “the person’s parents or ancestors before arriving in the United States,” before arriving in the country.
The phrases Latino, Latina, and Latinx, on the other hand, are used to refer to people who are of Latin descent.
However, unlike the word Hispanic, Latinx does not relate to a particular race.
Begin by visiting the official government website, which maintains a yearly calendar of activities and events, ranging from performances to exhibitions and presentations, among other things.
Plan to order often from Latinx-owned restaurants and businesses in your neighborhood, while also learning about Hispanic culture through your taste senses by viewing documentaries such as Netflix’s “Taco Chronicles” or PBS’s “Pati’s Mexican Table.” As part of their collaboration, Airbnb and actress Eva Longoria are planning a number of “culturally richOnline Experiencesfrom around the United States and Latin America that reflect Hispanic and Latinx customs.” The month-long event will also end in a culinary class led by Longoria that will be available online.
Spend your evenings this month reading a good book written by a Latinx author, such as the semi-autobiographical novel “Drown” by Dominican American author Junot Daz, the magical realism novel “The House of the Spirits” by Isabel Allende, or the harrowing photojournalist account of two Cuban migrants making the perilous journey to the U.S.
How Latinos are growing and reshaping the United States
On August 25, Lissy Samantha Suazo was photographed in Bozeman, Montana. (Source: NBC News’ Adrian Sanchez Gonzalez.) On August 25, Lissy Samantha Suazo was photographed in Bozeman, Montana. (Source: NBC News’ Adrian Sanchez Gonzalez.) For Lissy Samantha Suazo, 18, who lives in Big Sky, Montana, a small town near Yellowstone National Park, the open space has served as a springboard to greater and more exciting opportunities. “When my family and I arrived in Big Sky from Honduras, I was the second person of color and the second person who spoke Spanish in the school, and I was the first one who didn’t know how to speak English,” said Suazo, who was 12 at the time of her family’s arrival.
- Her appointment as president of Montana State University in Bozeman was announced in 2010.
- Do you have any idea what I look like?
- “I’m not like anyone else in Montana.” “However, I was mistaken.” In a ceremony at Bobcat Stadium on Aug.
- (Image courtesy of Michigan State University Communications) In a ceremony at Bobcat Stadium on Aug.
(Image courtesy of Michigan State University Communications) In Montana, according to Bridget Kevane, associate professor of Latin American and Latino Studies at Montana State University, Hispanics have been present since the early 1800s as fur traders and ranchers as well as railroad workers and workers in sugar beet fields.
Even though Montana’s 45,199 Latino residents are insignificant when compared to California’s 15.6 million Hispanic residents, the state’s 58.2 percent increase in Latino residents since 2010 is the highest among all western states in the United States over the last decade.
- Idaho’s population increased by 17 percent in the previous decade, but the state’s Latino population increased by 36.1 percent.
The forest business in the northern part of the state and oil employment in the eastern portion of the state, as well as resorts in Bozeman and Big Sky, have attracted Latino employees, according to Kevane. “North Dakota is considered a non-gateway state, which means there was no established community when the state was formed,” Kevane explained. “However, it is possible that it will be within the next 20 years.” During that last decade of Latino expansion, Suazo and Cruzado flourished in the midst of the gorgeous outdoors — as well as the harsh winters.
- “I’m not going to lie, that’s one of the things I had a difficult time adjusting to,” Suazo remarked.
- Suazo has taken advantage of the possibilities that have presented themselves to her since then.
- A student from the United States is spending a semester at a leadership academy in South Africa, where she has discovered purpose beyond academics, beginning with her assistance in teaching a fellow Honduran student English and helping her find her way about.
- The influence Suazo has on others is what he considers to be the most important factor in his sense of accomplishment.
- (Source: NBC News’ Adrian Sanchez Gonzalez.) On August 25, Lissy and her father, Marvin Suazo, were photographed in Bozeman, Montana.
- However, approximately 2,000 are of Puerto Rican descent.
- After a nationwide search, she was hired as the president of Michigan State University in 2009.
(Utah has 18.4 percent of the population, with 37.5 percent of the population being Latino.) Cruzado has made her mark on the school in the eleven years since she took the leadership, helping to guarantee that it lives up to its goal as a land grant university, which was established to educate the children of working-class families in the United States.
Promise is the word we’re going to use today,” Cruzado remarked, repeating a term she often uses.
He is also launching a program to enroll more young people who are on the fence about going to college.
She enjoys sharing her Puerto Rican cuisine with her fellow Montanans and going camping to take in the state’s breathtaking natural landscapes. “I don’t pay attention to the differences,” she explained. “I’m more concerned with what we can do as a group.”
How the U.S. Hispanic population is changing
Latinos constitute about 58 million people in the United States in 2016, and they have been the primary engine of U.S. demographic expansion, accounting for half of total national population increase since 2000. During this period, the Latino population has developed as a result of changes in immigration patterns, educational attainment, and other features. It is based on a statistical depiction of the nation’s Hispanic population that dates back to 1980 and contains trends dating back to 1980.
- The Hispanic population has hit a new all-time high, but its growth rate has slowed significantly.
- (All racial groupings are non-Hispanic and of a single race.) They are also the second-fastest-growing racial or ethnic group in the United States, with a 2.0 percent growth rate between 2015 and 2016, compared to a 3.0 percent growth rate for Asians over the same period.
- The Hispanic community in the United States is composed of people from an increasingly broad range of nations.
- However, this proportion has decreased in recent years as fewer Mexican migrants arrive in the United States and as the number of people departing the nation has increased.
In 2015, the population of Hispanics of Puerto Rican descent, the second-largest origin group in the United States, totaled 5.4 million persons throughout all 50 states and the District of Columbia, according to the United Nations Population Division (an additional3.4 million peoplelive in Puerto Rico).
- In addition to Hispanic origin groups with populations of over a million people – such as Salvadorans, Cubans, Dominicans, Guatemalans, and Colombians – each of the five other Hispanic origin groups has had its population rise over the previous decade.
- The proportion of Latinos who are immigrants has decreased from 40.1 percent in 2000 to 34.4 percent now.
- This decrease in the proportion of foreign-born people occurs across all of the biggest Latino origin groupings.
- Salvadorans who were born in another country (58.8 percent in 2015) had a considerable decrease, with a 16.9 percentage point decline.
- Hispanics in the United States are the most recent of the country’s biggest racial and ethnic groupings.
- Hispanics were 28 years old on average in 2015, up from 25 years old in 2000.
- The age differences between Hispanics who were born in the United States and those who were born in another nation are significant.
Meanwhile, the median age of foreign-born Hispanics has increased to 42 years, from 33 years in 2000.
In 2015, over 40% of Hispanics aged 25 and older had some college experience, a significant increase from 30% in the previous decade.
As a contrast, 27 percent of foreign-born Hispanics reported having some college experience, a significant increase from 22 percent in 2001.
A record 37 million Hispanics, aged 5 and older, speak Spanish at home, an increase from 25 million in 2000, according to the Census Bureau.
At the same time, a record 35 million Hispanics aged 5 and older claim to be fluent in English, a significant increase over the previous year’s 19 million.
Even while California continues to have the biggest Latino population among the states, the state of Texas is experiencing quicker development.
But Texas has had even quicker growth, with its Hispanic population expanding by 60% during the same time period, from 6.7 million in 2000 to 10.7 million in 2015, making it the fastest-growing state.
Posts related to this one: The expansion of the Hispanic population in the United States has reached a plateau.
The dropout rate among Hispanic students has reached a record low, while college enrolment has reached a new high. Antonio Flores worked as a research analyst at the Pew Research Center, where he specialized in Hispanic trends research.
Culture thrives in America’s most Hispanic, Latino state: New Mexico
In recent years, as the Hispanic and Latino population has grown throughout the United States, the state of New Mexico has emerged as a shelter for persons of Latin American and Hispanic heritage. That culture can be visible all across the city, in the building in the Pueblo and Spanish styles, the traditional santeros, and the Mexican art that can be seen everywhere. According to the United States Census Bureau, “The Land of Enchantment” is the most Hispanic and Latino-populated state in the US, with 49 percent of its people identifying as Hispanic or Latino.
The Chicana writer and dramatist Denise Chavez describes her people as “multicultural”: “Mexican, American, Latino, Chicano, Indigenous – we’re what we call’mestizaje,’ or a mixing of blood and culture.” “There isn’t a location like it in the world.” This state has a violent history of colonization, which has resulted in a varied range of traditions, a fusion of civilizations, and a confusing conflict of identities in the present day.
- Indigenous and Native communities have lived in what is now New Mexico for hundreds of years.
- Since it was established 400 years ago, Santa Fe, the capital of New Mexico, has held the distinction of being the oldest city in the United States.
- As a state historian, Rob Martinez said that Spanish was the first language spoken in what is now the United States.
- Martinez noted that because the region was dominated by Spain before being ruled by Mexico in the 1800s, those Indigenous origins are deeply ingrained.
- This culture is reflected in the vibrant traditions that can be found on the streets of the city.
- This is a practice that dates back to the late 1700s and early 1800s; it is really New Mexican in nature, according to Martinez.
- It’s a really beautiful, very stark, and very basic manner of artistic expression.
A cornerstone of New Mexican cuisine, chipotle is used to infuse a pungent and smokey flavor into dishes such as stews, sauces, tamales, sandwiches, and other dishes.
When it comes to food, “a lot of our customs are centered on it.” “The scent of green chile, the harvest, going out to the fields, collecting your chile and roasting it.
It is held every year in December.
It was “established” by Spanish colonists in 1610, but the Pueblo indigenous fought back in 1680, burning down the city and forcing the Spanish out, who fled to what is now the Mexican city of Juarez.
In 1692, the king of Spain authorized a mission to relocate the displaced people.
In Perea’s words, “there’s always some conflict between indigenous peoples and others who are commemorating the Spanish conquest of New Mexico and the invasion of the United States.” In dealing with it, “it’s a really difficult issue to deal with.” As a result, according to Perea, commemorating Hispanic Heritage Month (which runs from September 15 to October 15) might be a little difficult.
Many New Mexicans are opposed to the term “Spanish colonialism” because of the state’s lengthy history of Spanish colonization.
As Chavez put it, “There is hope here,” and “that is what makes New Mexico so lovely – the never-dying hope of its people,” he said.
Traditions deeply rooted in Hispanic culture
“The Hispanic culture is a treasure trove of traditions. New Mexico is a fantastic illustration of how we distinguish ourselves from other places.” Hear it from the mouth of Eliseo “Cheo” Torres, Vice President for Student Affairs at the University of New Mexico, who pointed to the wide range of customs that are most prominently shown during National Hispanic Heritage Month. “You have the ability to create new traditions or alter old traditions. It doesn’t matter whether there is a good purpose; as we evolve, so do our customs.” – Eliseo “Cheo” Torres, vice president for student affairs at the University of New Mexico
the word curanderismokoo-rahn dees-mohnoun is pronounced curanderismokoo-rahn-de-r ees-mohnoun During National Hispanic Heritage Month, which runs from September 15 to October 15, Americans commemorate the histories, cultures, and contributions of American citizens whose ancestors originated in Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America. Celebrar is a Spanish word that means “to celebrate.” Torres explained that many of the rituals that are still practiced today date back to 1519, when the Spanish arrived in what is now known as the United States and Native American and European cultures began to merge.
“A lot of those rich, Hispanic traditions have made their way over to New Mexico,” says the author.
In addition, the vice president for Student Affairs promotes, writes about, and teaches about curanderismo, which is one of the most powerful traditions known to Hispanic culture.
‘I grew up with it, and my instructor, known as Chenchito, was originally from Mexico; I was his pupil for more than three decades.’ Known as curanderisme, it is the art and practice of traditional medicine that derives from the Latin term curar, which means “to heal.” Traditional native healers known as “Acuranderoorcurandera” may be found in Latin America, Southern Europe, and the United States.
Dedicated to administering medicines for mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual diseases,” the curandero devotes his or her life to this task.
We no longer rely on curanderos as much in this country, but there are other countries in Mexico and Latin America where people value the knowledge of traditional healers and in some cases, they are the only doctors available to them,” Torres explained.
“Sometimes they are the only doctors available to them,” Torres added. Traditions that are more well known
- This custom is described by the New Mexico Department of Tourism as “a Mexican celebration that dates back hundreds of years, Da de los Muertosoriginated with the Mexica.” Before the arrival of the Spaniards, the festival was held throughout the summer months. Later, it was shifted to the fall to coincide with the Catholic holidays of All Saints’ Eve, All Saints’ Day, and All Souls’ Day, which are all held on the same day. Families and friends gather over many days to pray for and remember friends and family members who have passed away, as well as to assist them in their spiritual journey.” In New Mexico, mariachi music is particularly popular at weddings and other celebrations
- A traditional mariachi group may consist of as many as eight violins, two trumpets, and at least one guitar, which may include a high-pitched violin called a viola and an electric bass guitar known as a guitarron.” Pilgrimage to Chimayo: Thousands of people travel to El Santuario de Chimayo, a tiny community in northern New Mexico during Holy Week to pray and commemorate the death of Jesus Christ. As described by the New Mexico Explorer, the tradition is characterized by “generations of American Indians, Hispanics, and other religious believers traveling to the site of El Santuario to ask for healing for themselves and others, and to offer prayers of petition and thanksgiving for favors received.” Tamales: A traditional holiday Mesoamerican food consisting of maize-cased masa and cooked in a corn husk, tamales are a typical holiday Mesoamerican cuisine. Tamales can be loaded with a variety of ingredients, including meats, cheeses, fruits, vegetables, and chile. Tamales were also regarded sacred since they were supposed to be the meal of the gods. All of the ancient civilizations of the Americas deemed themselves “people of corn,” and tamales played a significant role in their rites and celebrations.”
- The illumination of luminarias or farolitos is as follows: According to the New Mexico Department of Tourism, “Prior to the 1872 invention of flat-bottomed paper bags, prior to the widespread availability of votive candles, and prior to the widespread availability of electricity and strings of ‘icicle lights,’ New Mexicans marked the paths to their doors and the local church with small, bonfires on Christmas Eve — symbolically lighting the way for the Holy Family.
I believe that younger generations are beginning to regain their culture and traditions that have been lost in the past several decades,” Torres remarked. “I believe that variety has always existed, but I believe that people’s feeling of pride in who they are and what their specific culture and traditions give to the world is growing much stronger.” Storytelling Torres and I exchanged stories about our lives, families, and traditions, ranging from our first experiences celebrating Da de los Muertos to the smell of tamales wafting through Hispanic homes during the holidays.
This is perhaps one of the most important traditions, as demonstrated by our exchange.
“Telling stories was one of the most significant rituals in my family while I was growing up,” he recalled fondly.
We appear to have lost sight of this because we are too riveted to the television and to our phones.
“I usually advise folks to make up their own customs,” Torres stated of his advice.
Even in traditional medicine, individuals are beginning to perform rituals in a little different way, which is perfectly acceptable.