How Does Culture Affect Mental Health

Four Ways Culture Impacts Mental Health

The FreeCULTURE GUIDES include information about values, etiquette, traditions, and doing business in numerous nations. Management guides that are available for free; these look primarily at management in various nations throughout the world; and Obtain a free copy of the CULTURAL AWARENESS TRAINING HANDBOOK, which serves as an introduction to cultural awareness training in the workplace;

  1. There is a social stigma attached to it. Every culture has a unique approach to dealing with mental health issues. There is an increasing stigma associated with mental health, and those who struggle with mental health issues are viewed as weak and something to be ashamed of. This might make it more difficult for people who are struggling to speak honestly and ask for support
  2. Recognizing the signs and symptoms. People’s descriptions and feelings about their symptoms might be influenced by their cultural background. If someone chooses to detect and communicate about just physical symptoms, they may also choose to recognize and talk about only emotional symptoms. Support from the community. It is possible that cultural variables will influence the amount of assistance someone receives from their family and community when it comes to their mental health. In certain cases, minorities are forced to seek mental health therapy and assistance on their own due to the presence of social stigma. Resources. When seeking for mental health care, you want to speak with someone who is familiar with your unique experiences and problems, such as a psychiatrist. It might be difficult or time-consuming to locate resources and treatment alternatives that take into consideration certain cultural variables and requirements
  3. Nonetheless, it is possible.

These are just a few examples of how culture may influence how people perceive mental health and how they receive treatment for it. Every culture and individual is unique, and each one must go on a unique road to recovery. Understanding the impact culture plays in mental health and getting educated to assist others in your immediate vicinity can help you make a difference in the mental health of minorities. Mental Health First Aid teaches people how to recognize the signs and symptoms of mental health and drug use disorders, as well as what actions to take to assist them in getting treatment.

Cultural Influences on Mental Health

People frequently consider mental health to be a completely personal issue that has nothing to do with anyone other than the individual. Mental diseases, as well as overall mental health, are influenced by a mix of biological and genetic elements, as well as psychological and social variables, among other things. Although this intersectionality is significant, the significant effect of sociocultural variables is sometimes overlooked. A fascinating facet of society is the range of cultures and backgrounds that can have an impact on an individual’s mental health-related experiences and outcomes.

  • For example, culture has an impact on the way people describe their symptoms, such as whether they opt to highlight emotional symptoms rather than physical ones.
  • Several studies have found that Asian patients are more likely than other patients to report physical symptoms initially, followed by emotional problems when questioned more or asked more precisely.
  • In order to make sense of the very subjective experience that is a knowledge of one’s own mental health, every culture has developed its own manner of doing so.
  • Mental illness can be more widespread in certain cultures and societies than in others, although the prevalence of a given problem is mostly influenced by whether it is founded in hereditary or social causes.

People make decisions about how they will manage with mental illness and whether or not they will seek treatment based on societal influences and standards (whether that be by seeing a psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker, primary care practitioner, clergy member, or traditional healer, etc).

  • In comparison to whites, African American groups have been proven to be more prone to deal with personal difficulties and suffering on their own, or to rely on their spirituality for help.
  • This is particularly crucial since mental diseases cannot be simply ignored and left untreated; doing so has a major negative impact on a person’s quality of life and can result in severe suffering as well as negative secondary health consequences.
  • Race and ethnic minorities in the United States are less likely than white individuals to seek mental health therapy, and they are more likely than white people to delay treatment until symptoms are severe.
  • This is related to the topic of clinical stereotyping, which refers to the preconceptions that practitioners or mental health experts have regarding particular cultures and how they could impact a diagnosis in such countries.
  • Whites were more likely to say yes.
  • Another issue that has come up is the difficulty of communicating in different languages.
  • Because educational resources may not be available in other languages, this might make it difficult for non-English speakers to utilize the full range of services available in ethnically diverse areas.
  • SSPC, a student-run group on campus that provides confidential peer counseling and organizes mental health-related events, provided a safe environment for discussion regarding the link between mental health and culture here at UC Berkeley.

In a statement, Ali Manrique, a third-year psychology major and SSPC organizer, expressed her excitement about the event, explaining, “There were approximately ten of us in the room.” There may have been more attention because we didn’t have much time to publicize it, but it was a fantastic event in general!

It was a really safe workplace, and we had community agreements in place as well.

It is hoped that there will be another event during the semester.

Having a conversation about mental health and the numerous elements that can influence it is the first step toward a more stigma-free society in which resources are made available to anybody who requires them.

Cross-cultural Mental Health

Our communities represent a wide range of cultural backgrounds. Despite the fact that mental health and drug use disorders impact people from all walks of life and come from all cultures and ethnic backgrounds, present mental health and substance use services may not be able to adequately meet the different requirements of our community members. While certain services are already in place, we must continue to raise our understanding of cultural elements in order to provide equal assistance to all members of the community.

Society, culture and mental health

Culture is far larger than any one individual. It entails adhering to a set of shared values, beliefs, customs, and a sense of community. Furthermore, anytime we speak about mental health or well-being, we are referring to something that is far wider than a single individual. Things in our environment, such as the following, influence our attitudes, talents, and resources, which in turn influence our well-being:

  • An individual does not define culture. A shared set of values, beliefs, traditions, and a sense of belonging are all part of what it means to belong. Every time we speak about mental health or well-being, we are referring to something that is far wider than a single person or group of people. Aspects of our environment, such as the following, have an impact on our attitudes, abilities, and resources that promote well-being:

How does culture affect mental health and substance use?

On multiple different levels, culture has a relationship with mental health and substance abuse. First and foremost, people of the community who belong to distinct ethnic or cultural groups may be at greater risk of developing mental health or substance use issues because they may be exposed to a greater number of stressors, such as prejudice and isolation. Newcomers to Canada may experience additional stress as they adjust to their new surroundings. They may have different attitudes on health and may encounter language hurdles while attempting to access health or other services in their communities.

  1. Furthermore, after they get in Canada, they may find themselves in an inferior socioeconomic or political position.
  2. Culture, on the other hand, is a rich source of resilience and strength.
  3. Discrimination and stigmatization — The stress of stigma and prejudice in all aspects of one’s life has a negative impact on one’s well-being.
  4. In Canadian society, there is a social stigma attached to mental illness and substance abuse.
  5. Some people may attempt to escape stigma by refusing to acknowledge the existence of a problem.
  6. Individuals from varied cultural backgrounds may have a variety of explanations for mental health or drug abuse issues.
  7. Some individuals, for example, refer to mental health in terms of how it impacts the physical body in some manner.

The health system may fail to detect when someone is facing difficulties, resulting in them not receiving the assistance they require.

Some people may choose to discuss their concerns with family members or religious leaders rather than with a doctor.

Furthermore, certain Canadians may be less inclined than other Canadians to engage in conversation with anyone.

Something may be classified as a problem by the health-care system, but it may be perceived in a very positive light by others, such as a spiritual experience.

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Getting used to a new culture — “Acculturation” refers to the process of being acclimated to the customs and traditions of your new home.

It can also generate stress inside a family or among a community.

Even persons who were born in Canada may feel torn between Canadian culture and the culture of their parents or grandparents.

Language —In British Columbia, having a working grasp of English may be beneficial to one’s health.

Even native English speakers who are fluent in the English language may have difficulty understanding medical terminology.

This can make it difficult to communicate health issues to a health professional, to comprehend what a health professional is saying, and to adhere to the recommendations of a health expert.

Adapting to a new nation and a new society may be difficult enough without the added stress of moving.

Because trauma may mean various things to different individuals, Western concepts of trauma may not encompass all of the experiences of everyone.

How connected we are to others has a significant impact on our psychological well-being.

Isolation may be caused by a variety of variables, including culture, language, identity, access to services, access to opportunity, and prejudice, to name just a few.

It may also get in the way of healing, which frequently entails restoring one’s self-esteem, establishing social supports, and establishing a meaningful position in one’s society.

Our ability to persevere in the face of adversity is referred to as resilience.

The way we face challenging situations, both the ways in which we aid ourselves and the ways in which we seek support from others, is influenced by cultural elements such as our beliefs and values.

Even the way in which we see different circumstances is influenced by our values and religious beliefs. We are all aware that culture is a very significant component of our overall well-being. The values and ideas that we learn from our culture assist us in our quest for wellbeing.

Beyond “immigrant” and “refugee”

We hear about immigrants and refugees all the time, and it’s tempting to lump them all together as if they’re all the same. However, there may be significant disparities between immigrants and refugees, including differences in the hazards to one’s mental health. Immigrants are persons who move to a new nation to start a new life. Immigrants are healthier when they come in Canada, according to the “healthy immigrant effect,” than the native-born population, according to research. Afterwards, their health deteriorates gradually until the disparity is no longer noticeable.

  • However, there are a variety of cultural elements that influence how you approach health in the first instance.
  • Refugees are persons who have been compelled to flee their homes because they would be harmed if they remain there any longer.
  • They may have lost their relatives, friends, their house, their social standing, and their source of income.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unemployment and poverty, prejudice, and feelings of worthlessness are just a few of the difficulties people may encounter.
  • The mental health of an individual is influenced by a variety of factors such as his or her personal history; family; traditions; beliefs; education; employment; money; social position; community support networks; language ability; and age.
  • We shouldn’t make the mistake of assuming that all people within a single cultural group are the same; in reality, variations within a single culture may be just as significant as differences across cultures in terms of importance.

What can we do about it?

When working with ethnic or cultural groups, “cultural safety” should be the ultimate objective for everyone involved. Cultural competence, or the capacity to deal with individuals from a variety of cultural backgrounds, is the first step toward achieving cultural safety. Being culturally safe entails going beyond cultural competency and accepting personal responsibility for how we perceive culture. It indicates that individuals from various cultural origins may work together respectfully and productively if they have the necessary information and understanding of each other’s cultures.

The following are examples of cultural safety:

  • Recognizing your local environment
  • Initiating connections between health-care providers and culturally-based community groups or other organizations that serve a specific community, while also appreciating the experiences and skills of cultural organizations and leaders in our communities Providing useful, personalized information in a variety of languages
  • Culture, medical, or health practices should be recognized. Making certain that policies take into account the demands of the community, such as family or religious responsibilities
  • Health screenings and other tools that are culturally appropriate for the group you aim to serve are important. Making ensuring tools employ examples or questions that are relevant to a certain population, rather than just translating an English tool or screen, is one approach to do this. Take a holistic view of the individual regardless of ethnic or other boundaries
  • Taking a step back and acknowledging that it might be difficult to distinguish between mental health difficulties, such as depression, and wider issues, such as poverty or a lack of shelter, is important. And not presuming that everyone is competing on an equal playing field

Where do I go from here?

If you’d want to learn more about cross-cultural mental health and substance use, please see the following resources: Information about mental health and addictions in British Columbia is provided by BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions. In Arabic, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Farsi/Dari (Persian), French, Korean, Punjabi, Russian, Spanish, and Japanese, you may find information about mental health and drug use. You can also get material in Arabic, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese.

  1. And you may get a copy of the Visions: BC Mental Health and Addictions Journal, which has an issue dedicated to older adult immigrants and refugees.
  2. “Let’s discuss: Aboriginal Mental Health and Substance Use,” an information leaflet, is available.
  3. You may browse the Multicultural Health Resources database to identify service providers around British Columbia.
  4. A previous issue also appears to be related to mental health and culture.
  5. Resources, research, and information may all be found on this website.
  6. You can also find information about mental health and substance use on the internet.
  7. The Cross Cultural Clinic at Vancouver General Hospital provides psychiatric care that are attentive to cultural differences and linguistic differences.
  8. It is necessary to obtain a reference.

Besides that, they give case reviews and second opinions for service providers throughout British Columbia. Services are offered in a variety of languages, and interpreters are accessible upon request as well. If you want further information, please contact 604-875-4115.

© 2014

This information sheet was created by the Canadian Mental Health Association, British Columbia Division, on behalf of the BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions Information and HeretoHelp. The funding for this project came from the BC Mental Health and Substance Use Services, which is part of the Provincial Health Services Authority.

Cultural Perspectives on Mental Health

Mental disease stigma is described as “the devaluing, disgracing, and disfavoring of those with mental disorders by the general society.” (1)Discrimination, or the inequitable treatment of persons, is frequently the result of stigma, as is denial of the “rights and obligations that accompany full citizenship.” Secondly, stigmatization can result in both individual discrimination, which occurs when a stigmatized person is denied access to a resource (such as housing or a job), and structural discrimination, which describes the disadvantages stigmatized people face at the economic, social, legal, and institutional levels.

Stigma can also inhibit mentally ill people from getting treatment, sticking to treatment regimens, finding jobs, and living productively in their communities.


Cultural Perspectiveson Mental Illness

Individuals, families, races, cultures, and nations all have differing attitudes regarding mental illness, as do their respective governments. Cultural and religious teachings frequently have an impact on ideas about the causes and nature of mental disease, as well as on attitudes toward those who are suffering from mental illness. Furthermore, attitudes about mental disease can have an impact on patients’ preparedness and desire to seek and adhere to therapy. Beliefs about mental illness can influence whether or not mentally ill persons face societal stigma.

Although each individual’s experience with mental illness is unique, the studies that follow provide a representative sample of cultural viewpoints on mental disease.

(2011) reveals the vast range of cultural ideas that exist in the context of mental health and disease.

Mental diseases are frequently stigmatized and viewed as a cause of shame in Asia, where many cultures place a high importance on “compliance to standards, emotional self-control, and family acknowledgment via accomplishment.” In addition to these variables, additional factors, such as the perceived source of the disease, might have an impact on the stigmatization associated with mental illness.

  • Participants were then informed that scientists had determined that the individual’s condition was “genetic,” “partially genetic,” or “not genetic” in origin, and they were asked to score their feelings if one of their children dated, married, or had a child with the subject of the vignette.
  • Other substantial disparities in attitudes regarding mental illness have been revealed by several research among ethnic groups in the United States.
  • (2010) undertook an intense 18-month observation-based ethnographic research of 25 severely mentally ill adults living in inner city Hartford, Connecticut, as part of their doctoral dissertation.
  • Participants who were African American or Latino, on the other hand, were more prone to highlight “non-biomedical interpretations” of mental illness symptoms than other participants.
  • While European Americans tended to consider psychiatric pharmaceuticals as “essential and necessary” parts of therapy, African Americans expressed dissatisfaction with mental health providers’ preoccupation with medication.

Because African Americans and Latinos in the United States are significantly less likely than European Americans to seek and receive mental health care, investigating possible cultural contributions to this usage pattern may aid efforts to increase uptake of mental health care services among these populations.

(2011) also report negative attitudes toward health-care professionals among many African Americans, noting that stigma, religious beliefs, distrust of the medical profession, and communication barriers may all contribute to African Americans’ apprehension about receiving mental health services.

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(11)Because African Americans are less likely than whites to receive proper depression diagnosis and treatment, and because they are more likely than whites to have depression for longer periods of time, African Americans’ perceptions of mental illness and the medical profession should be taken into consideration in efforts to improve mental health care access.

  • For example, the World Mental Health Surveys revealed that stigma was strongly connected with anxiety and mood problems in persons who reported considerable impairment.
  • Results revealed that 22.1 percent of participants from developing countries and 11.7 percent of participants from developed countries were embarrassed or discriminated against as a result of their mental illness.
  • (13) Finally, it may be necessary to deliver mental health care services in culturally appropriate ways in order to increase access to and utilization of mental health care services, as local ideas about mental health typically differ from the Western biological viewpoint on mental disease.
  • When it came to depression, Indian students were more likely to believe that it sprang from personally controlled factors (such as failure to attain goals) and to “endorse social support and spiritual thought or relaxation” as effective approaches to cope with despair.

According to the authors, “conceptualizations and therapies” for depression should take into consideration a variety of viewpoints on mental disease in order to optimize the success of mental health care delivery systems. (14)

Go To Module 8: Improving Mental Health Care

(1) T. Abdullah and T.L. Brown are co-authors of the paper (2011). An integrated assessment of the relationship between mental illness stigma and ethnocultural ideas, values, and standards Clinical Psychology Review, volume 31, number 9, pages 934-948. (2)H. Stuart, H. Stuart et al (2005). Fighting stigma and prejudice is an important part of the struggle for mental health. Canadian Public Policy, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. S21-28. (4) World Health Organization (WHO) (2003), 2003. “Mental wellness is an investment.” 2nd of July, 2012, retrieved (5) Organización Mundial de la Salud (2001).

  1. New Understanding, New Hope in the Field of Mental Health The World Health Organization is based in Geneva.
  2. Nieuwsma and colleagues (Pepper, C.M, Maack, D.J., and Birgenheir, D.G.) have published a paper in which they say (2011).
  3. 48, no.
  4. 539-568.
  5. Brown (7) (2011).
  6. (8)WonPat-Borja, A.J., Yang, L.H., Link, B.G., Phelan, J.C., Phelan, J.C.
  7. Chinese-Americans are stigmatized because of eugenics, genetics, and mental illness.

47, no.


Carpenter-Song, E., Chu, E., Drake, R.E., Ritsema, M., Smith, B., Alverson, H.

Ethno-cultural differences in the experience and meaning of mental illness and treatment: Implications for access and usage of services Transcultural Psychiatry, vol.

2, pp.

(10)Bailey, R.K., Milapkumar, P., Barker, N.C., Ali, S., Jabeen, S., Bailey, R.K., Milapkumar, P., Barker, N.C., Ali, S., Jabeen, S.

The prevalence of major depressive illness in the African American community.

(2011)National Mental Health Association (

According to Bailey, R.K., Milapkumar, P., Barker, N.C., Ali, S., and Jabeen, S.

The prevalence of major depressive illness in the African American community.

(12)Bailey, R.K., Milapkumar, P., Barker, N.C., Ali, S., Jabeen, S., Bailey, R.K., Milapkumar, P., Barker, N.C., Ali, S., Bailey, R.K., Milapkumar, P., Bailey, R.K., Bailey, R.K., Bailey, R.K., Bailey, R.K., Bailey (2011).

Journal of the National Medical Association, 103: 548-557.

Association between perceived stigma and depressive and anxiety disorders: findings from the World Mental Health Surveys (WMHS).

118, no.

3, pp. 305-314. (14) The following authors contributed to this work: Nieuwsma, A., Pepper, C., Maack, D., & Birgenheir, D. (2011). Depression from the perspective of indigenous people living in rural areas of India and the United States. In Transcultural Psychiatry, 48(5):539-568, it is said that

Identity and Cultural Dimensions

Mental health disorders are seen and experienced differently depending on our cultural background, beliefs, sexual orientation, values, ethnicity, and language. In reality, cultural variations can have an impact on which therapies, coping techniques, and supports are most effective for us as individuals. Because of this, it is critical that we include discussions of culture and identity in discussions of mental health and mental health care. In order for a therapy relationship to be effective, the individual involved must feel comfortable and understood by their mental health practitioner.

Mental health professionals who recognize the importance of cultural differences in the diagnosis of a disorder, and who include cultural requirements and variances into a person’s therapy, see a considerable improvement in their patients’ overall results.

As an individual or caregiver, don’t be hesitant to speak up for yourself or your loved one’s needs when the time comes.

The shared values and experiences of a community, as well as elements of faith and spirituality, resiliency, vital connections, familial bonds, and pride in where you came from — your culture — serve as a source of strength and support instead.


  • When there is a chance to speak up on behalf of marginalized groups and communities’ mental health, take advantage of it. Share information you’ve gathered regarding what constitutes quality treatment when seen from a cultural and equity perspective. Demonstrate compassion and an interest in learning about the experiences of others who have identities that are different from your own
  • Do not make the assumption that low treatment rates among members of a cultural or social group are attributable to a lack of initiative on their part to seek therapy. Think on the underlying issues instead: people are less likely to seek assistance or participate in therapy if they cannot find an organization or somebody that they can trust, who knows their identity and will treat them with decency and respect.
  • Encourage lawmakers at all levels of government to write, call, or speak with them in order to help them with the following initiatives:
  • Improving mental health services for underprivileged populations through increasing access and improving the quality of care Ascertain that providers have received cultural competency training. Make language services (interpretation and translation) readily available in treatment environments
  • And


  • The Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services Standards set by the United States Department of Health and Human Services should be followed. Assist the community you serve with fair and respectful high-quality treatment and services that are sensitive to and respectful of their cultural health beliefs and practices. Individuals with inadequate English proficiency should be provided with free language help and other necessary support. Employ a diverse, bilingual workforce that is representative of the community being serviced
  • And

Asian American and Pacific Islander

More than a quarter of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) individuals with a mental disorder get treatment, the lowest percentage of any racial/ethnic group, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. This is due to the numerous structural hurdles that prevent people from receiving appropriate mental health care and treatment. More

Black/African American

While the experience of being Black in America varies considerably from person to person, there are some cultural aspects that are shared by everyone that contribute to well-being, resilience, and healing. However, another aspect of this common experience is dealing with racism, discrimination, and unfairness, all of which can have a negative impact on a person’s psychological well-being. More


Hispanic/Latinx populations are just as vulnerable to mental illness as the general population, yet they experience significant gaps in both access to and quality of treatment compared to the overall population. It is because of this inequity that these populations are at greater risk for more severe and chronic kinds of mental health disorders. More


Despite the fact that Indigenous communities in the United States are extremely diverse, members of these communities share many of the same risk factors for mental health conditions, including economic and political marginalization, educational disparities, discrimination, and mental health challenges rooted in a long history of trauma. More


The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Questioning, and Intersexed (LGBTQI) group encompasses a wide range of gender and sexual orientation identities and expressions, as well as intersex identities. The importance of understanding how your experience of sexual orientation and gender identity links to your mental health for persons who identify as LGBTQI cannot be overstated. More

People with Disabilities

Physical care is frequently the primary focus for the 61 million Americans who live with a handicap; but, when a disability negatively impacts a person’s quality of life, it can have a direct influence on all areas of their well-being, including placing them at risk for a mental health issue. More

The relationship between culture and mental illness

Chineye is a member of the Our Time board of directors and has served in a variety of capacities for the organization, including as a public speaker, advocate, and trainer. She also works as a Senior Cognitive Behavioral Therapist at the NHS-IAPT Service. Every culture has its own set of cultural and social standards, which are unique to that community. Culture is passed down from generation to generation and is described as a set of learned behaviors and ideas that are distinctive to a particular social group.

  • Ethnicity, ethnicity, religious and familial values are only a few examples of the forces that shape culture and serve as its foundation.
  • People’s communication of their symptoms, their knowledge of their condition, the coping techniques they use, and the kind of therapies they seek can all be influenced by their genetics and environment.
  • Consequently, it is critical not to lump all persons from the same race, ethnicity or cultural background into one category.
  • The foundations of mental health treatment in the United Kingdom are based on Western medicine and research, which lays a strong focus on scientific evidence.
  • In accordance with this medical approach, mental disease is characterized by physiological or biological reasons that can be alleviated via medical intervention1.
  • It has been demonstrated in several research that culture has an impact on how patients communicate their symptoms to their providers.
  • It is possible that their diagnosis and treatment plan will be affected as a result of this.
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This has an influence on whether a patient believes their disease is real or intangible, whether it is a mental or physiological phenomena, and if it is worthy of sympathy or suspicion.

It can influence whether or not someone seeks assistance from family and friends, as well as how and where they seek assistance.

Many decades ago, it was believed that mental illness was caused by supernatural power or possession by demonic spirits, which caused the human mind to be disrupted4.

Three diverse hypotheses regarding the causation of mental disease were discussed by Srivastava, including the supernatural hypothesis, shock theory, and biochemical theory.

When it comes to mental illness, many who believe in supernatural causes turn to houses of worship and faith healers as alternatives to traditional psychiatric and psychological treatment (Nayar and Das, 2012).

People’s responses to ordinary difficulties and more serious illnesses are influenced by their cultural background.

Their spiritual beliefs and practices are also more likely to be relied upon to assist them in coping with mental illness and everyday difficulties.6 Current research indicates that ethnic minority groups are less likely to seek mental health treatment and are more likely to delay specialist professional treatment in favor of informal sources of care such as clergy, traditional healers, and family and friends7, despite the fact that this area has not been thoroughly researched9.

Africans frequently rely on religious ministers, who may serve in a variety of mental health positions, such as counseling, diagnostician, or referral agent8, according to the World Health Organization.

In addition, culture has a substantial influence on a wide range of mental health issues, including the perception of health and sickness, treatment-seeking behavior, and coping techniques.

When establishing transcultural training for mental health practitioners and policymakers, this is a crucial factor to take into mind.

Institutions must place a strong emphasis on treatments that blend Western ideals of health with good traditional and community-based methods, while also acknowledging that everyone’s experience and cultural systems are fundamentally distinct. ⁹.


  1. In addition to Aneshensel and Phelan (2006), Srivastava, 2002
  2. LinCheung, 1999
  3. Wanger et al., 1999
  4. Broman, 1996
  5. Chung et al., 1996
  6. Peifer et al., 2000
  7. Levin, 1986
  8. Marsella, 2011
  9. Chung et al., 1999

Culture and mental illnesses

Mental diseases occur in all cultures and communities, albeit the stage, intensity, and form of the presenting symptoms might differ greatly depending on the culture and society in question. In addition, the patterns of help-seeking varied depending on a variety of conditions. Many socioeconomic and cultural factors have a significant impact on when, where, and how people seek assistance. Certainly socioeconomic determinants of health have an impact on the condition of one’s health, but it is also important to consider how cultural variables influence one’s mental health.

This reveals that cultural attitudes and values are a significant impact in the development of mental disease.

It is now being used to define the influence that culture may have on an individual’s well-being and functioning, as well as the way in which they express distress, explain it, and seek care in accordance with what they believe is causing their difficulties (cultural psychiatry).

Culture and its application are still frequently perceived in many countries as being exclusively relevant to black and minority ethnic groups and individuals, which fails to recognize that every individual is influenced by their culture, both in the broadest sense and in various aspects of micro-cultures, and that this perception is incorrect.

  • Cultures are made up of learned behaviors and patterns that impact lives and are supported by information, conventions, beliefs, and values that in turn shape human behavior, which is in turn influenced by other people’s behavior.
  • Cultures have an influence on our lives in a variety of subtle and not so subtle ways, both positive and negative.
  • Cultural elements have an impact on the way we dress, speak, eat, think, and develop as individuals.
  • The way we experience grief, the way we communicate distress, and the places we seek treatment are all influenced by our cultural backgrounds, there is no doubt about it.
  • These models govern who is addressed first for help and how we approach them.
  • This will also be determined by the sort of healthcare system in place and the amount of funds available (which will also be decided by the culture and the society).
  • Healthcare professionals have their own set of beliefs, values, and knowledge, as well as their own set of behavioral patterns, all of which are ingrained in their own cultures and micro-identities, which are unique to them.

These factors are critical in our understanding of how diseases spread, both physically, as demonstrated by the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, and through the movement of people who may carry infectious and mental illnesses with them, as well as their cultural capital, which may play a role in the development and maintenance of resilience.

  • demonstrate how culture plays a critical role in responding to geopolitical variables and the creation of a new tool to guarantee that cultures and societies take into consideration the diverse features of nation states in order to give appropriate assistance.
  • Intergenerational inequalities that cause tensions and conflict, as well as other factors, may also be significant contributors to this increase.
  • What is causing the apparent increase?
  • It is therefore critical to examine the influence of culture in this context in order to identify probable reasons and determine how their impact, if not eradicated entirely, might be minimized.
  • Individual and collective acculturation and resilience can be enhanced as a result of participation in such activities.
  • Psychiatric diseases are difficult to recognize and manage in various nations and cultures, as evidenced by studies from other countries and cultures.

It is critical to investigate the stressors they may be experiencing and how the impact of these can be mitigated through tailored interventions that take into account the additional barriers to care they may be experiencing as well as the barriers to other social factors that influence wellbeing.

In particular, in these times of economic stress, we must share examples of effective clinical and policy practice for both treatment and prevention, and we must learn from one another.

Influences of Cultural Differences in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Anxiety and Depression

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  4. By contributing a response, remark, or piece of material, you acknowledge and accept that such submission is non-confidential for any and all uses.
  5. The ADAA blogs are places for individuals to express their ideas, experiences, and thoughts about mental illness with others.

Do not transmit any message, information, data, or text that is unlawful, threatening, abusive, harassing, defamatory, vulgar, obscene, that may be invasive of another’s privacy, hateful, or bashing communications – particularly those that are directed at people based on their gender, race, color, sexual orientation, national origin, religious beliefs, or disability.

If an ADAA member posts something that contains objectionable content, ADAA maintains the right to remove or alter the post.

Posts that contain any visual files, in the same way, will be deleted immediately upon being notified.

ADAA retains the right to remove any of these posts from the site without prior notice.

If you disagree with a participant’s post or position and desire to debate it, please do so in a respectful and professional manner.

Insults and personal assaults are not appropriate and will not be accepted; the ADAA will remove these posts as soon as they are made aware of them.

The ADAA emphasizes privacy and asks participants to refrain from posting personal information such as their address and telephone number.

Any comments that request information such as a telephone number, address, e-mail address, surveys, or research projects will not be authorized for publication.

Participants should be aware that the thoughts, ideas, and assertions expressed on blog entries do not necessarily reflect the opinions and beliefs of the American Diabetes Association.

Participants further agree that the ADAA will not be held accountable for any damage or harm that may be incurred, in whole or in part, as a result of the sponsorship or commenting on blog posts.

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