- 1 Frankenstein – Litchapter.com
- 2 Frankenstein in Popular Culture – Video & Lesson Transcript
- 3 Books
- 4 Music
- 5 Despite what is depicted in popular culture frankenstein is the …
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- 6 Frankenstein, Gender, and Mother Nature
- 7 Discussion Questions
- 8 Frankenstein’s monster in popular culture
- 9 Frankenstein’s Day: The History of Frankenstein and its Cultural Impact
Frankenstein – Litchapter.com
|Despite what is depicted in popular culture, Frankenstein is the name of||the creature’s creator|
|The italian physician Luigi Galvani demonstrated||that nerve impulses have an electrical basis|
|In Frankenstein, what does the stranger ask Robert Walton before boarding the ship?||He asked where the ship was headed.|
|synonym for prudent||practical|
|In Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein may be a brilliant scientist who created one of the most infamous creatures in literature, but in many ways he is also||a typical teenager|
|What was perhaps “everything” to the Romantics||expression|
|In Frankenstein, what events delay Victor’s departure for Ingolstadt?||the death of his mother|
|In Frankenstein, who cares for Victor when he is stricken with a fever for several months?||Henry|
|Prognosticate means to||predict|
|In Frankenstein, who attempts to take responsibility for William’s death?||Elizabeth|
Frankenstein in Popular Culture – Video & Lesson Transcript
Productions of Frankenstein have been staged since before the invention of the motion picture camera. It wasn’t until 1823 that the first theatrical presentation was staged. The story of Frankenstein has inspired several theatrical versions that have been written and performed all over the world since. Another adaptation of Frankenstein is on the way to the small screen. Frankenstein, a 1960s sitcom starring Fred Gwynne, portrayed Herman Munster as a “average” family guy who who worked a regular job.
Throughout the previous 50 years, films such as I, Frankenstein, Hotel Transylvania, Victor Frankenstein, and the extremely amusingYoung Frankensteinhave all been a part of the Frankenstein juggernaut of popular culture.
Science gone bad has been the subject of several books, poems, and short tales, all of which have been twisted into modern-day parables. As a matter of fact, Frankenstein’s subtitle is “The Modern Prometheus.” Prometheus was credited with bringing fire to humanity from the Greek gods, and he was’rewarded’ by having his liver torn out of his body on a daily basis by a large bird. In this case, the intended message was that people were not supposed to interfere with the natural order, whether by the use of fire or the reanimation of the dead.
Frankenstein-related children’s novels includeFrankenstein Makes a Sandwichby Adam Rex andFrank N’ Goat: A Tale of Freakish Friendshipby Jessica Watts, to name a few of examples.
Let’s imagine you’re planning a Halloween party or a monster movie marathon with Dr. Frankenstein’s monster and you’re looking for some music to play. The following are eleven popular songs about our beloved frantic, strange dude, as performed by various artists: Boris Pickett’s 1963 song “Monster Mash” was followed by Alice Cooper’s 1986 song “Teenage Frankenstein,” which was written by Richard O’Brien for the Rocky Horror Picture Show in 1975. Jefferson Airplane’s 1968 song “Crown of Creation” was the inspiration for the song “Over at the Frankenstein Place,” written by Richard O’Brien for the Rocky Horror Picture Show in 1975.
Despite what is depicted in popular culture frankenstein is the …
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Frankenstein, Gender, and Mother Nature
It was on June 16, 1816, that Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin gave birth to one of the most persistent myths of modern civilization: that of the scientist who, by his or her own efforts, develops a new species, a humanoid form that does not have to die. Victim Victor Frankenstein robs both graves and slaughterhouses in Mary Shelley’s novelFrankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus(1818), in order to sew together a monster consisting of dead animal and human body parts, which he subsequently animates with the “spark of being” (p.
He believes that by doing so, he has brought life back to a body that had been seemingly committed to corruption by death.
As Prometheus, who in ancient myth both creates the human species out of clay and then takes fire from the Olympian gods to give it to man, Victor hopes to be admired, if not worshipped, for his achievements.
It is thus fair to say that Mary Shelley’s novel has become the paradigm for every scientific effort to harness the uncontrollable powers of Nature, as well as the unintended consequences that those efforts have produced, whether in the case of nuclear fission, genetic engineering, stem cell cloning, or bioterrorism.
- The novel makes an implied suggestion for an alternative.
- The story of Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (later Shelley) and how she came to develop a story that was so predictive of current science is told in the novel Frankenstein.
- A year and a half later, she gave birth to a preterm baby girl named Clara, who lived barely two weeks after delivery.
- On January 24, 1816, Mary became pregnant for the second time and gave birth to her son William.
Following the eruption of the volcano Tambora in the Indonesian archipelago in April 1815 (which threw so much debris into the stratosphere that the sun was literally blocked out across India, Europe, and North America), the four friends decided to hold a contest to see who could write the most terrifying story on 16 June 1816.
That night, Mary experienced a “waking dream” or reverie, which became the inspiration for the novel Frankenstein.
In addition to asking the question, “Could I ever wish to kill my own child?”), her novel brilliantly explores what happens when a man tries to have a baby without a woman (Victor Frankenstein abandons his creature immediately); why an abandoned and unloved creature becomes a monster; the predictable consequences of her day’s cutting-edge research in chemistry, physics, and electricity (most notably the experiments conducted by Erasmus Darwin, Humphry Davy, and Luigi Galvani When Mary was writing Frankenstein, she drew psychologically on her own experiences of isolation and abandonment following her mother’s death in childbirth and her father’s subsequent remarriage to a hostile stepmother to articulate the creature’s overwhelming desire for a family and a mate of his own, as well as the consequences of his violent anger when he is rejected by everyone he approaches, including an innocent young boy named William Frankenstein (modeled after William Shelley) and then his maker.
By including a graphic depiction of the murder of her own son, William, in the novel, Mary expressed her deepest fear that an unloved (and psychologically abused) child, such as she herself had been, could grow up to be an unloving, abusive mother, and even a murdering monster.
Given Mary’s paternal lineage, it should come as no surprise that gendered constructions of the universe are prevalent throughout Frankenstein: for example, Victor’s identification of Nature as female—”I pursued nature to her hiding places”—and his identification of the universe as male—”I pursued nature to her hiding places” (p.
Female Nature is used scientifically and technologically by Victor, and this is only one of many ways in which she is continually shown as docile and capable of being possessed, the willing receptacle of male desire, throughout the novel.
Symbolically, this destruction erupts in his nightmare following the animation of his creature: while he is holding Elizabeth, his future bride-to-be, she is transformed into the corpse of his deceased mother—”a shroud enveloped her form, and I saw the grave-worms crawling in the folds of the flannel”—”a shroud enveloped her form, and a shroud enveloped her form” (p.
- Because Victor has taken away the female’s ability to manage natural reproduction, she has lost both her major biological purpose and her primary source of cultural authority.
- It is one of the deepest horrors of this novel that Victor implicitly seeks to establish an exclusive male-only society.
- Victor’s scientific mission, which aims to make him the sole creator of a higher human being on a cultural and social level, contributes to a patriarchal rejection of the importance of women and the nature of female sexuality.
- The males have jobs outside the home, including public service (Alphonse Frankenstein), science (Victor), merchantship (Henry Clerval and his father), and exploration (Henry Clerval and his father) (Walton).
- on a favorite animal”), as housewives, childcare providers, and nurses (Caroline Beaufort, Elizabeth and Margaret Saville), or as servants (Caroline, Elizabeth and Margaret Saville, for example) (Justine Moritz).
- In spite of the knowledge that his creature would be a malformed giant, he is unable to feel empathy for him or her and decides to work with enormous body components since it is easier and faster than working with little body pieces.
- The separation of the domain of public (masculine) authority from the sphere of private (feminine) devotion also results in the death of the majority of the female characters in the novel.
- Justine, unable to establish her innocence in the killing of William, is sentenced to death as a result of Victor’s inability to accept responsibility for the crimes of his creation.
A feminist alternative to this gendered division of labor can be found in the egalitarian relationships in the De Lacey family, where brother and sister work together to support their father, and Safie (a strong woman based on Mary Shelley’s feminist mother, Mary Wollstonecraft), who is welcomed as Felix’s partner, serves as a model for other women in feminist literature today.
- After promising to do so, why does Victor eventually hesitate to make a spouse for his creation, an Eve for his Adam, despite his previous promises?
- Although he had vowed to leave the company of men and hide himself in deserts, she had not; and she, who was very certainly going to develop into a thinking and reasoning animal, may refuse to abide by an agreement made before her existence, if it was established before her creation.
- She may also turn away from him, disgusted by the superior beauty of man; she would leave him, and he would be left alone, enraged by the new provocation of being abandoned by a member of his own species.
- Was it legal for me to inflict this curse on endless generations in order to further my personal interests?
- In the first place, he is concerned that this girl may develop needs and ideas that will be beyond the control of his male creation.
- A second concern is that her unbridled feminine urges would be sadistic: Victor imagines a female monster “ten thousand times” more terrible than her partner, who would “enjoy” in murder simply for the pleasure of murdering someone else.
- Fourth, he is concerned that she will choose to breed with regular human males; inherent in this worry is Frankenstein’s terror that, given this female creature’s enormous power, she will be able to seize and even rape any man she chooses.
- What Victor is most afraid of is female sexuality in general.
The image of unrestrained female sexual desire and power horrifies Victor, who responds by violently re-establishing male control over the female body by penetrating and mutilating the female creature in a manner that suggests a violent rape: “trembling with passion, I tore to pieces the thing on which I was engaged” (Trembling with Passion, Torn to Pieces) (p.
- Upon returning to the scene the next morning, he discovers that “the remains of the half-finished creature, whom I had murdered, lay scattered about the floor, and I had the distinct impression that I had torn the live flesh of a human being” (p.
- However, in Mary’s feminist novel, Victor’s attempts to control and even eliminate female sexuality entirely are depicted not only as horrifying and ultimately unachievable, but also as self-destructive and destructive.
- Victor believes that he has the right to violate Nature and track her down to her hiding places without consequence.
- Nature denies Victor Frankenstein both mental and physical health while he is conducting research: “Every night I was burdened by a sluggish fever, and I grew worried to a terrible degree” (p.
- When he chooses to make a second creature and defy normal reproduction once more, his mental condition resurfaces: “Every word I said in allusion to it caused my lips to tremble and my heart to palpitate.” … “My spirits became imbalanced, and I became restless and nervous” (pp.
- After all is said and done, Victor’s obsession with destroying his male creature causes him to become mentally and physically exhausted to the point where he succumbs to natural causes at the age of twenty-five.
- Victor’s disgust with his child-invention is triggered by the creature’s physiognomy, which puts in motion a chain of events that culminates in the creation of the monster that kills his family, friends, and even his own existence.
During the “dreary night of November,” on which he completes his experiment, the rain rains down on him (p.
When he returns to Geneva, a strong storm and a flash of lightning allow him to catch a sight of his monster high up in the Alps.
However, he is caught up in a severe storm and heavy waves, which presage his own death—”I glanced upon the sea, and it was to be my burial” (p.
Victor is brought to a close in the polar regions, enveloped by ice, the aurora borealis, and the electromagnetic field of the North Pole, among other things.
As he flees to his hiding places, the elemental forces that Victor has unleashed pursue him, wreaking havoc around him like the female spirits of vengeance from Greek tragedy, the Furies.
Characters who are capable of appreciating the splendors of nature are rewarded with good bodily and mental well-being.
A generous sympathy, a vivid imagination, a sensitive intelligence, and an unbounded capacity for devoted friendship are all gifts bestowed upon him by his “adventurous love” of “the scenery of external nature” (p.
In fact, it is no coincidence that Ernest Frankenstein is the only member of the Frankenstein family still alive at the conclusion of the novel, having rejected a legal career in order to become a farmer, one who must live in harmony and cooperation with the forces of Nature, one who lives “a very healthy happy life; and.
Instead, the novel implicitly endorses a science that seeks to understand rather than to alter the workings of Mother Nature, as depicted in the novel.
At the same time, the narrative clearly portrays the horrific repercussions and unforeseen consequences of such attempts to “improve” the human species.
- Frankenstein was first published anonymously, leading some critics and reviewers to infer that it was written by Percy Shelley. Do you believe a man could have written Frankenstein in the manner in which Mary Shelley wrote it? Assuming that Mellor’s reading of the novel is correct, what do you make of modern interpretations in which Victor’s gender is changed, such as the PBS digital seriesFrankenstein, MD, which features a Victoria Frankenstein, or the children’s book seriesFranny K. Steinby Jim Benton? Would the connection between the creator and her creation change if the creator at the heart of the narrative was reared and socialized as a woman, whether in Shelley’s day or today? If so, please explain how. What percentage of today’s scientists and engineers who are active in synthetic biology and other related projects are participating in motherless creation?
Frankenstein’s monster in popular culture
Despite the fact that Dr. Frankenstein and his monster were not always popular cultural icons, the novel did strike a chord almost immediately after its publication. Exactly five years after the publishing ofFrankenstein, actor T.P. Cooke appeared in the first theatrical version of his book, Presumption; or, the Fate of Frankenstein, which premiered in 1823, exactly five years after the publication ofFrankenstein. This was the only adaptation of Mary Shelley’s novel that took place during her lifetime.
- In 1910, the Edison Studios in the United States produced the first film adaptation of Dr.
- However, it wasn’t until the 1930s that Universal Studios was able to produce the famous Frankenstein picture that we all know and love.
- In 1931, Boris Karloff’s portrayal of the monster, which featured a square head and bolts protruding from his neck, became the classic picture of the Frankenstein monster that we all know and love today.
- It was during this time that the image of Frankenstein’s monster began to emerge in comic books, usually in serialized form.
- Several Frankenstein stories were published by DC Comics, Marvel Comics, and other comic book publishers during the height of the comic book boom, in the 1950s.
- The monster, typically referred to as Frankenstein, would take on several forms, including tormented miserable, ferocious monster, and even superhero.
- Because of this, monster products became increasingly popular, and Universal became known for representations of Frankenstein’s monster and Dracula, strengthening its position as a cultural icon.
His mother, a scientist, is able to resurrect him and restore him to life. The following are some drawings from the D.B. Dowd Modern Graphic History Library that depict Frankenstein’s various incarnations in popular culture throughout history.
Frankenstein’s Day: The History of Frankenstein and its Cultural Impact
Josh Sandler is the author of this piece. Frankenstein’s Monster is one of the most instantly identifiable characters in pop culture history. The creature, which first appeared in Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus in 1818, has developed and continues to stand gloriously as a staple of horror imagery far into the twenty-first century today. The style is recognizable regardless of how big of a horror lover one is – green skin that is sewn together with metal bolts through the neck, a flat skull, and a massive, lumbering posture.
Consider the evolution of the undead beast from his origins in romantic horror fiction to becoming the most instantly identifiable Halloween costume of all time, and much more, in his honor and to pay tribute to one of the most iconic horror icons of all time.
A scientist called Victor Frankenstein learns to reanimate dead flesh through a series of unorthodox and ethically problematic experiments, which are chronicled in the novel Frankenstein.
The character gets more bitter of his creator for bringing him into the world without a sense of purpose or meaning, and as the novel unfolds, he torments Victor in an attempt to push him into making him a companion.
Shelley published the work anonymously two years later, exposing her identity only in the second edition, which was published in 1821.
Naturally, Frankenstein was a commercial success upon its premiere, and it is now regarded as a seminal work in the history of science fiction horror filmmaking.
While the original adaption, produced by Edison Studios in 1910, was the most influential, it was Universal Pictures’ Frankenstein (1931) that had the most cultural influence.
However, contrary to popular belief, Frankenstein’s Monster was not genuinely green, and although he was obviously enormous and heavy, he did not have any metal bolts in his neck, as is commonly believed today.
To put it mildly, my stomach was churning.
His character is described as highly sensitive, in fact, craving for a meaningful connection, and knowledgeable enough to educate himself to read, according to Shelley’s account.
As a result, the miscreation is portrayed as more of a subhuman who is not entirely aware of the influence that his actions have on others.
While he is capable of generosity, it is typically born of a naive innocence, and if he is provoked, such as in a scenario in which he drowns a little girl with whom he had previously been playing, he will erupt in a violent attack.
When compared to the novel, the film’s terror is derived even more from the suspense created by the monster’s propensity for violent outbursts.
Over the course of several decades, the term Frankenstein became more identified with the monster rather than the scientist.
The character’s mannerisms are much more close to those of the character in the 1960s television adaption.
From 1957 until 1974, the British production firm Hammer Films created seven films based on the Frankenstein novella, with Peter Cushing in the title role.
Despite the fact that a television pilot for the Hammer Frankenstein was produced in 1959, the project was ultimately shelved owing to differences in opinion on the focus of the series’ plot.
During the 1980s, the notoriety of Frankenstein’s Monster was evidenced by the fact that many of the films in which he appeared did so as a character outside of his own domain, such as Fred Dekker’s noteworthy 1987 comedy filmMonster Squad.
By the time the century arrived, Frankenstein had become so ingrained in the discourse around horror pop culture that it no longer required an introduction.
Halloween decorations aren’t complete without the appearance of the green undead monster, and costumes have grown all too popular in recent years.
Fullmetal Alchemist is a critically praised Japanese animated series that tackles the use of alchemic technology to create life, as well as the terrible consequences of doing so.
However, while Frankenstein’s Monster is not an artificial intelligence, the themes of these stories are similar in that they both concern the legitimacy of artificial life, which is a topic that is prevalent in many science fiction.
Looking back over the decades since the publication of the original novel, Frankenstein has taken on a variety of different shapes to suit the cultures in which it has been immersed.
An undead construct that has been stitched together and reanimated Nearly every significant iteration is centered on the themes of science gone bad, anger and misunderstanding, and the investigation of what it is that makes us human, among other things.
It appears that Shelley, despite the fact that much of her meaning was lost in the translation process, had tapped into something deeper that would persist regardless of the translation process.